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The Florida Statutes

The 2018 Florida Statutes

Title XXXVIII
BANKS AND BANKING
Chapter 665
CAPITAL STOCK ASSOCIATIONS
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CHAPTER 665
CHAPTER 665
CAPITAL STOCK ASSOCIATIONS
665.012 Definitions.
665.013 Applicability of chapter 658.
665.0211 Name.
665.0315 Reorganization, merger, or consolidation with a foreign association.
665.033 Conversion of state or federal mutual association to capital stock association.
665.0335 Supervisory case; emergency conversion, reorganization, merger; consolidation; acquisition of assets.
665.034 Acquisition of assets of or control over an association.
665.0345 Regulatory supervision of foreign associations.
665.0501 Powers of association generally.
665.0711 Loans.
665.074 Loan expenses.
665.075 Dealing with successors in interest.
665.1001 Foreign associations.
665.1011 Federal associations.
665.012 Definitions.When used in this chapter, the following words and phrases have the following meanings, except to the extent that any such word or phrase specifically is qualified by its context:
(1) “Association” means a capital stock association subject to the provisions of this chapter.
(2) “Capital stock” means the aggregate of shares of nonwithdrawable capital issued by a capital stock association, but does not include nonwithdrawable capital represented by capital certificates.
(3) “Dwelling unit” means a single, unified combination of rooms which is designed for residential use by one family in a multiple dwelling unit structure and which is not “home property.”
(4) “Earnings” means that part of the sources available for payment of earnings of an association which is declared payable on savings accounts from time to time by the board of directors, and is the cost of savings money to the association. Earnings also may be referred to as “interest.”
(5) “Home property” means real estate on which there is located, or will be located pursuant to a real estate loan, either a structure designed for residential use by one family or a single condominium unit, including common elements pertinent thereto, designed for residential use by one family in a multiple-dwelling-unit structure or complex and includes fixtures and home furnishings and equipment.
(6) “Liquid assets” means:
(a) Cash on hand;
(b) Cash on deposit in federal home loan banks, federal reserve banks, state banks performing similar reserve functions, or financial depository institutions, which is withdrawable upon not more than 30 days’ notice and which is not pledged as security for indebtedness, except that any deposits in a financial depository institution under the control or in the possession of any supervisory authority shall not be considered as liquid assets;
(c) Obligations of, or obligations which are fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States or this state; and
(d) Such other assets as may be approved by the office which are accepted as liquid assets for federally insured associations by the appropriate federal regulatory agency.
(7) “Net income” means gross revenues for an accounting period less all expenses paid or incurred, taxes, and losses sustained as shall not have been charged to reserves pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.
(8) “Primarily residential property” means real estate on which there is located, or will be located pursuant to a real estate loan, any of the following:
(a) A structure or structures designed or used primarily for residential rather than nonresidential purposes and consisting of more than one dwelling unit.
(b) A structure or structures designed or used primarily for residential rather than nonresidential purposes for students, residents and persons under care, employees, or members of the staff of an educational, health, or welfare institution or facility.
(c) A structure or structures which are used in part for residential purposes for not more than one family and in part for business purposes, provided that the residential use of such structure or structures must be substantial and permanent, not merely transitory.
(9) “Real estate loan” means any loan or other obligation secured by a lien on real estate in any state held in fee or in a leasehold extending or renewable automatically for a period of at least 15 years beyond the date scheduled for the final principal payment of such loan or obligation, or any transaction out of which a lien or claim is created against such real estate, including among other things the purchase of such real estate in fee by an association and the concurrent or immediate sale thereof on installment contract.
(10) “Savings account” means that part of the savings liability of the association which is credited to the account of the holder thereof. A savings account also may be referred to as a “savings deposit.”
(11) “Savings liability” means the aggregate amount of savings accounts of depositors, including earnings credited to such accounts, less redemptions and withdrawals.
(12) “Stockholder” means the holder of one or more shares of any class of capital stock of a capital stock association organized or operating pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.
History.s. 2, ch. 69-39; ss. 12, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 278, ch. 71-377; s. 1, ch. 73-224; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 3, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; s. 469, ch. 81-259; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 28, 46, ch. 82-214; ss. 37, 51, ch. 84-216; ss. 45, 58, ch. 85-82; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 175, ch. 92-303; s. 1856, ch. 2003-261.
Note.Former s. 665.021.
665.013 Applicability of chapter 658.The following sections of chapter 658, relating to banks and trust companies, are applicable to an association to the same extent as if the association were a “bank” operating thereunder:
(1) Section 658.12, relating to definitions.
(2) Section 658.16, relating to the creation of a banking or trust corporation.
(3) Section 658.19, relating to application for authority to organize a bank or trust company.
(4) Section 658.20, relating to investigation by office.
(5) Section 658.21, relating to approval of application, findings required.
(6) Section 658.22, relating to coordination with federal agencies.
(7) Section 658.23, relating to submission of articles of incorporation; contents; form; approval; filing; commencement or corporate existence; bylaws.
(8) Section 658.235, relating to subscriptions for stock, approval of major shareholders.
(9) Section 658.24, relating to organizational procedures.
(10) Section 658.25, relating to opening for business.
(11) Section 658.26, relating to places of transacting business; branches; school savings; facilities.
(12) Section 658.30, relating to the application of the Florida Business Corporation Act.
(13) Section 658.32, relating to annual meetings.
(14) Section 658.33, relating to directors, number, qualifications; officers.
(15) Section 658.34, relating to shares of stock.
(16) Section 658.35, relating to stock options; warrants.
(17) Section 658.36, relating to changes in capital.
(18) Section 658.37, relating to dividends and surplus.
(19) Section 658.38, relating to deposit insurance.
(20) Section 658.39, relating to stockholders; examination of records.
(21) Section 658.40, relating to definitions for merger and consolidation.
(22) Section 658.41, relating to merger, resulting state or national bank.
(23) Section 658.42, relating to plan of merger and merger agreement.
(24) Section 658.43, relating to approval by office, valuation of assets; emergency action.
(25) Section 658.44, relating to approval by stockholders; rights of dissenters; preemptive rights.
(26) Section 658.45, relating to certification of merger and effective date; effect on charters and powers.
(27) Section 658.48, relating to loans.
(28) Section 658.491, relating to commercial loans by financial institutions.
(29) Section 658.51, relating to banks authorized to make commodity loans.
(30) Section 658.53, relating to borrowings, limits of indebtedness.
(31) Section 658.60, relating to depositories of public moneys and pledge of assets.
(32) Section 658.67, relating to investment powers and limitations.
(33) Section 658.73, relating to fees and assessments. The commission shall, by rule, adopt a separate semiannual fee and semiannual assessment for associations. In its determination, the commission shall consider the housing finance role of such associations in addition to the cost of regulation of associations and the collection of fees from such associations.
(34) Section 658.79, relating to taking possession of insolvent state banks or trust companies.
(35) Section 658.80, relating to appointment of receiver or liquidator.
(36) Section 658.81, relating to office action; notice and court confirmation.
(37) Section 658.82, relating to receiver; powers and duties.
(38) Section 658.83, relating to liquidator; powers and duties.
(39) Section 658.84, relating to transfers, assignments, deposits, and payments void after act of insolvency.
(40) Section 658.90, relating to receivers or liquidators under supervision of office.
(41) Section 658.94, relating to prima facie evidence.
(42) Section 658.95, relating to voluntary liquidation.
(43) Section 658.96, relating to procedure in voluntary liquidation.
History.s. 176, ch. 92-303; s. 15, ch. 93-111; s. 1857, ch. 2003-261; s. 30, ch. 2011-194; s. 29, ch. 2014-91; s. 11, ch. 2015-64.
665.0211 Name.The name of every association shall include either the words “savings association,” “savings bank,” or “savings and loan association.” The use of the words “National,” “Federal,” “United States,” “insured,” or “guaranteed,” separately or in any combination thereof with other words or syllables, is prohibited as part of the corporate name of an association.
History.s. 5, ch. 69-39; ss. 10, 12, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 74-290; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 5, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 2, ch. 84-20; ss. 39, 51, ch. 84-216; ss. 47, 58, ch. 85-82; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 177, ch. 92-303.
Note.Former s. 665.051.
665.0315 Reorganization, merger, or consolidation with a foreign association.
(1) An association shall have power to reorganize or merge or consolidate with a foreign association, as defined in s. 665.1001, subject to the approval of the office.
(2) If the resulting or surviving association is to be a foreign association, the office shall not approve the proposed transaction unless:
(a) The laws of the state in which the foreign association has its principal place of business permit associations in that state to reorganize, merge, or consolidate with Florida associations in transactions in which the resulting or surviving association is a Florida association; and
(b) The constituent Florida association has been in existence and continuously operating for more than 2 years.
(3) A proposed transaction in which the resulting or surviving association is to be a foreign association shall be subject to any conditions, restrictions, and requirements that would apply in the state where the foreign association has its principal place of business if the resulting or surviving association were to be a Florida association, which conditions, restrictions, and requirements would not apply to a reorganization, merger, or consolidation of associations all of which are located in that state.
(4) A foreign association which is the resulting or surviving association in a reorganization, merger, or consolidation with a Florida association shall not be considered a Florida association.
(5) Each application for reorganization, merger, or consolidation with a foreign association shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable filing fee as provided in s. 658.73(2)(g).
History.ss. 2, 7, ch. 86-58; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 178, ch. 92-303; s. 1858, ch. 2003-261.
665.033 Conversion of state or federal mutual association to capital stock association.
(1) CONVERSION INTO CAPITAL STOCK ASSOCIATION.Any state or federal mutual association may apply to the office for permission to convert itself into an association operated under the provisions of this chapter in accordance with the following procedures:
(a) The board of directors shall approve a plan of conversion by resolution adopted by a majority vote of all the directors. The plan shall include, among other terms:
1. Financial statements of the association as of the last day of the month preceding adoption of the plan.
2. Such financial data as may be required to determine compliance with applicable regulatory requirements respecting financial condition.
3. A provision that each savings account holder of the mutual association will receive a withdrawable account in the capital stock association equal in amount to his or her withdrawable account in the mutual association.
4. A provision that each member of record will be entitled to receive rights to purchase voting common stock.
5. Pro forma financial statements of the association as a capital stock association, which shall include data required to determine compliance with applicable regulatory requirements respecting financial condition.
6. With particularity, the business purpose to be accomplished by the conversion.
7. Such other information as the commission requires by rule.
(b) The plan of conversion shall be executed by a majority of the board of directors and submitted to the office for approval prior to any vote on conversion by the members.
(c) The office may approve or disapprove the plan, but may not approve the plan unless it finds that the association will comply sufficiently with the requirements of the financial institutions codes after conversion to entitle it to become an association operating under the financial institutions codes and the rules of the commission. The office may deny an application from any federal association that is subject to a cease and desist order or other supervisory restriction or order imposed by any state or the federal supervisory authority, or insurer, or guarantor or that has been convicted of, or pled guilty or nolo contendere to, a violation of s. 655.50, relating to the control of money laundering and terrorist financing; chapter 896, relating to offenses related to financial transactions; or similar state or federal law.
(d) If the office approves the plan of conversion, the question of such conversion may be submitted to the members at a meeting of voting members called to consider such action. A vote of 51 percent or more of the total number of votes eligible to be cast, unless federal law permits a lesser percentage of votes for a federal mutual association to convert, in which case that percentage shall control, shall be required for approval. Notice of the meeting, giving the time, place, and purpose thereof, together with a proxy statement and proxy form covering all matters to be brought before the meeting, shall be mailed at least 30 days prior thereto to the office for review and to each voting member at his or her last address as shown on the books of the association.
(2) MINUTES OF MEETING.Copies of the minutes of the meeting of members, verified by the affidavit of the secretary or assistant secretary of the association, shall be filed with the office and with the appropriate federal regulatory agency, within a reasonable time after the meeting. When so filed, the verified copies of the minutes are presumptive evidence of the holding of the meeting and of the action taken.
(3) FILING OF ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION AND COMMITMENT FOR INSURANCE OF ACCOUNTS.The directors of the association shall have executed and filed with the office proposed articles of incorporation as provided for in s. 658.23, together with the application for conversion and a firm commitment for, or evidence of, insurance of deposits and other accounts of a withdrawable type. The articles shall contain a statement that the association resulted from the conversion of a state or federal mutual association to a capital stock association. Approval by the office shall be affixed to the articles of incorporation. An authenticated copy of the articles of incorporation shall be filed with the Department of State and one copy of the articles of incorporation and the certificate of incorporation shall be returned to the association. The association shall cease to be a mutual association at the time and on the date specified in the approved articles of incorporation.
(4) SUCCESSION.Upon conversion of a mutual association, the legal existence of the association shall not terminate, but the capital stock association shall be a continuation of the entity of the mutual association, and all property of the mutual association, including its rights, titles, and interests in and to all property of whatever kind, whether real, personal, or mixed, things in action, and every right, privilege, interest, and asset of every conceivable value or benefit then existing or pertaining to it, or which would inure to it, immediately, by act of law and without any conveyance or transfer and without any further act or deed, shall vest and remain in the capital stock association into which the mutual association has converted itself. The capital stock association shall have, hold, and enjoy the same in its own right as fully and to the same extent as the same was possessed, held, and enjoyed by the mutual association. The capital stock association, upon the taking effect of the conversion, shall continue to have and succeed to all the rights, obligations, and relations of the mutual association. All pending actions and other judicial proceedings to which the mutual association is a party shall not be abated or discontinued by reason of the conversion but may be prosecuted to final judgment, order, or decree in the same manner as if the conversion had not been made; and the capital stock association resulting from the conversion may continue the actions in its corporate name as a mutual association. Any judgment, order, or decree may be rendered for or against it which might have been rendered for or against the mutual association theretofore involved in the proceedings.
(5) FEE.The application for conversion from a state or federal mutual to a state capital stock association shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable filing fee of $7,500. Additionally, the office is authorized to assess any association, applying to convert pursuant to this section, a nonrefundable examination fee to cover the actual costs of any examination required as part of the application process.
History.s. 2, ch. 73-224; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 7, ch. 78-95; s. 172, ch. 79-164; ss. 14, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 8, ch. 87-191; s. 12, ch. 90-51; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 179, ch. 92-303; s. 549, ch. 97-102; s. 1859, ch. 2003-261; s. 30, ch. 2014-91.
Note.Former s. 665.710.
665.0335 Supervisory case; emergency conversion, reorganization, merger; consolidation; acquisition of assets.
(1) The office may determine that a state or federal association is a supervisory case if it finds that:
(a) The association is in an impaired condition; or
(b) The association is in imminent danger of being in an impaired condition.

Any such finding by the office shall be based upon reports furnished to it by a state or federal savings and loan association examiner or upon other evidence from which it is reasonable to conclude that the association is a supervisory case.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter or chapter 120, if the office finds that immediate action is necessary to protect the interests of depositors and reduce the potential for claims against the insurance fund, or in order to prevent the probable failure of a state or federal association which is a supervisory case, the office may, with the concurrence of the appropriate federal regulatory agency in the case of any association the deposits of which are federally insured, issue an emergency order authorizing:
(a) The conversion of such association from a state to a federal charter, or vice versa, without change of business form;
(b) The reorganization, merger, or consolidation of such state or federal association with another state or federal association;
(c) The conversion of such state or federal association into a state or federal capital stock association; or
(d) Any state or federal association to acquire the assets of, and assume the liabilities of, such failing association.
History.ss. 36, 46, ch. 82-214; s. 2, ch. 86-278; s. 25, ch. 89-229; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 180, ch. 92-303; s. 1860, ch. 2003-261.
665.034 Acquisition of assets of or control over an association.
(1)(a) In any case in which a person or group of persons propose to purchase or acquire voting common stock of any capital stock association, which purchase or acquisition would cause such person or group of persons to have control, as defined herein, of that association, such person or group of persons must first make application to the office for a certificate of approval of such purchase or acquisition.
(b) An application for control shall be in such form and request such information as the commission requires by rule.
(c) The application for control shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable filing fee of $7,500; however, if more than one association is being acquired in any such application, the fee shall be increased by $3,000 for each additional association.
(2) The office shall issue the certificate of approval only after it has made an investigation and determined that:
(a) The proposed new owner or owners of voting capital stock are qualified by character, experience, and financial responsibility to control the association in a legal and proper manner and none of the proposed new owners have been convicted of, or pled guilty or nolo contendere to, a violation of s. 655.50, relating to the control of money laundering and terrorist financing; chapter 896, relating to offenses related to financial transactions; or similar state or federal law.
(b) The interests of the public generally will not be jeopardized by the proposed purchase or acquisition of voting capital stock.
(3) This section does not apply to the acquisition of:
(a) Directors’ voting proxies acquired in the normal course of business as a result of proxy solicitation in conjunction with a stockholders’ meeting;
(b) Stock in a fiduciary capacity unless the acquiring person has sole discretionary authority to exercise voting rights with respect thereto;
(c) Stock acquired in securing or collecting a debt contracted in good faith until 2 years after the date of acquisition;
(d) Stock acquired by an underwriter in good faith and without any intent to evade the purpose of this section if the shares are held only for such reasonable period of time as will permit the sale thereof; or
(e) Control of an association by a unitary association holding company if the person or persons who control the holding company are the same person or persons who control the association.
(4) For purposes of this section, a person or group of persons shall be deemed to have control of an association if such person or group of persons:
(a) Directly or indirectly, or acting in concert with one or more persons or through one or more subsidiaries, owns, controls, holds with powers to vote, or holds proxies representing 25 percent or more of the voting common stock of such association.
(b) Controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of such association.
(c) Exercises a controlling influence over the management or policies of such association.
(d) Owns, controls, or has power to vote 10 percent or more of any class of voting securities of the association, if no other person or group of persons owns, controls, or has power to vote a greater proportion of that class of voting securities.
(e) In any case in which a proposed purchase or acquisition of voting securities of an association would give rise to the presumption created under paragraph (d), the person or group of persons who propose to purchase or acquire the voting securities shall first give written notice of the proposal to the office. Such notice may present information that the proposed purchase or acquisition will not result in control. The office shall afford the person seeking to rebut the presumption an opportunity to present views in writing or orally before its designated representatives at an informal conference.
(5)(a) A foreign association, as defined in s. 665.1001, whether controlled directly or indirectly by another business organization, may acquire a Florida association, subject to approval by the office. The office shall not approve the proposed acquisition unless:
1. The laws of the state in which the foreign association has its principal place of business permit associations in that state to be acquired by Florida associations; and
2. The Florida association which is to be acquired has been in existence and continuously operating for more than 2 years.
(b) The proposed acquisition shall be subject to any conditions, restrictions, and requirements that would apply in the state where the foreign association has its principal place of business if the foreign association were to be acquired by a Florida association, which conditions, restrictions, and requirements would not apply to the acquisition by such foreign association of another association in that state.
(c) A foreign association which has a subsidiary association in Florida is authorized to acquire a Florida association upon approval by the office pursuant to the laws and rules which are applicable to the acquisition of a Florida association by an association having its principal place of business in this state, but such acquired association shall not be considered a Florida association for purposes of this subsection or s. 665.0315.
(d) This subsection does not apply to any merger by an association subject to Pub. L. No. 97-320, s. 123.
History.s. 2, ch. 73-224; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 5, ch. 79-144; ss. 15, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 37, 46, ch. 82-214; s. 12, ch. 83-129; ss. 43, 51, ch. 84-216; ss. 54, 58, ch. 85-82; s. 3, ch. 86-58; s. 9, ch. 87-191; s. 26, ch. 89-229; s. 13, ch. 90-51; s. 62, ch. 91-110; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 181, ch. 92-303; s. 1861, ch. 2003-261; s. 23, ch. 2004-340; s. 106, ch. 2004-390; s. 31, ch. 2014-91.
Note.Former s. 665.715.
665.0345 Regulatory supervision of foreign associations.The office may enter into cooperative agreements with other regulatory agencies to facilitate the regulation of foreign associations doing business in this state. The office may accept reports of examinations and other records from such other agencies in lieu of conducting its own examinations of foreign associations. The office may take any action jointly with other regulatory agencies having concurrent jurisdiction over associations doing business in this state or may take such actions independently in order to carry out its responsibilities.
History.ss. 4, 7, ch. 86-58; s. 1, ch. 91-307; s. 1, ch. 92-303; s. 1862, ch. 2003-261.
665.0501 Powers of association generally.Every association incorporated pursuant to or operating under the provisions of the financial institutions codes shall have all the powers enumerated, authorized, and permitted by this chapter and such other rights, privileges, and powers as may be incidental to or reasonably necessary or appropriate for the accomplishment of the objectives and purposes of the association. Among others, and except as otherwise limited by the provisions of the financial institutions codes, every association shall have the following powers:
(1) PROPERTY TRANSFERS.To acquire, hold, sell, dispose of, and convey real and personal estate consistent with its objects and powers; to mortgage, pledge, or lease any real or personal estate; and to take property by gifts, devise, or bequest.
(2) SUBORDINATED DEBT.To issue and sell, directly or through underwriters, subordinated debt which shall represent nonwithdrawable capital contributions and shall constitute part of the equity capital of the association. Such debt shall have no voting rights; shall be subordinate to all savings accounts, debt obligations, and claims of creditors of the association; and shall constitute a claim in liquidation against any other equity capital accounts remaining after the payment in full of all savings accounts, debt obligations, and claims of creditors. Such subordinated debt shall be entitled to the payment of earnings prior to the allocation of any income to surplus or other equity capital accounts of the association and may be issued with a fixed rate of earnings or with a prior claim to distribution of a specified percentage of any net income remaining after required allocations to reserves, or a combination thereof. Losses shall be charged against subordinated debt only after other equity capital accounts have been exhausted.
(3) SALE OF LOANS.To sell with or without recourse any loan, including any participating interests therein.
(4) SERVICING.To service loans and investments for others.
(5) AGENT.To act as agent or escrowee for others in any transaction incidental to the operation of its business.
(6) LIMITED TRUSTEESHIP.To act, and receive compensation therefor, as trustee of any trust created or organized in the United States and forming a part of a stock bonus, pension, or profit-sharing plan which qualifies or is qualified for specific tax treatment under s. 401 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, and to act as trustee or custodian of an individual retirement account within the meaning of s. 408 of such code if the funds of such trust or account are invested only in savings accounts of such association or in obligations or securities issued by such association. All funds held in a fiduciary capacity by any such association under the authority of this subsection may be commingled and consolidated for appropriate purposes of investment, provided that records reflecting each separate beneficial interest are maintained by the fiduciary unless such responsibility is lawfully assumed by another appropriate party.
(7) SCHOOL SAVINGS.To contract with the proper authorities of any public or nonpublic elementary or secondary school or institution of higher learning, or any public or charitable institution caring for minors, for the participation and implementation by the association in any school or institutional thrift or savings plan, and to accept savings accounts at such a school or institution, either by its own collector or by any representative of the school or institution which becomes the agent of the association for such purpose.
(8) PAYROLL SAVINGS.To contract with any employer with respect to the solicitation, collection, and receipt of savings by payroll deduction to be credited to a designated account or accounts of his or her or its employee or employees who voluntarily may participate or with respect to the direct deposit of wages or salary paid by such employer to the account of the employee in a financial depository institution by electronic or other medium upon authorization in writing by the employee and his or her designation of the association or other financial depository institution as the recipient of such deposits.
(9) DRAFTS.To issue drafts and similar instruments drawn on the association to aid in effecting withdrawals and for other purposes of the association.
History.ss. 21, 24, ch. 69-39; ss. 11, 12, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 71-92; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 26, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 40, 46, ch. 82-214; ss. 45, 51, ch. 84-216; s. 27, ch. 89-229; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 182, ch. 92-303; s. 550, ch. 97-102.
Note.Consolidation of former ss. 665.214, 665.241.
665.0711 Loans.As an annual average, based on monthly computations, at least 50 percent of assets other than liquid assets of an association shall be invested in either real estate loans or interests therein on home property or primarily residential property for terms not in excess of 40 years or for such additional terms as may be provided by rule. Recognizing that associations are chartered to serve the convenience and needs of the communities in which they are chartered to do business, that the convenience and needs of communities include the need for credit services as well as deposit services, and that associations have a continuing and affirmative obligation to help meet the credit needs of the local communities in which they are chartered, at least 40 percent of the assets required to be invested by this section shall be secured by property within this state, unless a lower percentage is established by the commission or office pursuant to s. 655.061, except that loans insured or guaranteed in whole or in part by the United States are not subject to this restriction.
History.s. 38, ch. 69-39; ss. 12, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 71-93; s. 1, ch. 74-55; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-179; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 4, ch. 78-40; ss. 11, 15, ch. 79-274; s. 1, ch. 79-592; ss. 38, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 44, 46, ch. 82-214; ss. 49, 51, ch. 84-216; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 183, ch. 92-303; s. 1863, ch. 2003-261.
Note.Former s. 665.381.
665.074 Loan expenses.Every association may require borrowers to pay all reasonable expenses incurred in connection with the making, closing, disbursing, extending, readjusting, or renewing of real estate loans. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, such expenses may include appraisal, attorney, abstract, recording, and registration fees; title examination; title insurance; mortgage loan insurance; credit report; survey; drawing of papers; escrow services; loan closing costs; and taxes or charges imposed upon or in connection with the making and recording of any loan. Every association also may require borrowers to pay the cost of all other necessary and incidental services rendered by the association or by others in connection with real estate and other loans in such reasonable amounts as may be fixed by the board of directors. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, such costs may include the costs of services of inspectors, engineers, and architects. Such initial charges may be collected by the association from the borrower and paid to any person, including any director, officer, or employee of the association rendering such services, or paid directly by the borrower. In lieu of such initial charges to cover such expenses and costs, an association may make a reasonable charge, part or all of which may be retained by the association which renders such service or part or all of which may be paid to others who render such services. The fees and charges authorized by this chapter shall be in addition to interest authorized by law and shall not be deemed to be a part of the interest collected or agreed to be paid on such loans within the meaning of any law of this state which limits the rate of interest which may be exacted in any transaction. No director, officer, or employee of an association shall receive any fee or other compensation of any kind in connection with procuring any loan for an association, except for services actually rendered as above provided.
History.s. 40, ch. 69-39; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 40, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 184, ch. 92-303.
Note.Former s. 665.401.
665.075 Dealing with successors in interest.In the case of any investment made by an association in a real estate loan, in the event the ownership of the real estate security or any part thereof becomes vested in a person other than the party or parties originally executing the security instruments, and provided there is not an agreement in writing to the contrary, an association may, without notice to such party or parties, deal with such successor or successors in interest with reference to said mortgage and the debt thereby secured in the same manner as with such party or parties, and may forbear to sue or may extend time for payment of or otherwise modify the terms of the debt secured thereby, without discharging or in any way affecting the original liability of such party or parties thereunder or upon the debt thereby secured.
History.s. 41, ch. 69-39; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 41, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 1, ch. 91-307; s. 1, ch. 92-303.
Note.Former s. 665.411.
665.1001 Foreign associations.
(1) DEFINED.For the purposes of this section, the term “foreign association” includes any domestic joint venture, business trust, syndicate, firm, company, association, fiduciary, partnership, or corporation, and all other groups or combinations, by whatever name called, actually engaged in the business of an association, the principal business office of which is located outside the territorial limits of this state.
(2) DOING BUSINESS.No foreign association shall do any business of an association within this state or maintain an office in this state for the purpose of doing such business, including, but not limited to, the establishment of a branch office or other depository office. However, the establishment of a branch office as a result of the reorganization, merger, or consolidation of a foreign association and a Florida association is not prohibited if the laws of the state in which the resulting or surviving association has its principal place of business would permit the establishment of a branch of a Florida association in that state as a result of such a reorganization, merger, or consolidation. The origination of real estate mortgages covering real property located in this state is considered doing business as an association unless the state of domicile of the principal business office of any such foreign association permits associations from this state to originate real estate mortgages covering real property located in such state.
(3) ACTION BY OFFICE.The office is authorized, empowered, and directed to obtain an injunction or to take any other action necessary to prevent any foreign association from doing any business of an association in this state.
(4) ACTIVITIES NOT CONSIDERED “DOING BUSINESS.”For the purposes of this section and any other law of this state prohibiting, limiting, or regulating the doing of business in this state by foreign associations or foreign corporations of any type, any federal association, the principal office of which is located outside this state, and any foreign association which is subject to state or federal supervision, or both, which by law are subject to periodic examination by such supervisory authority and to a requirement of periodic audit, shall not be considered to be doing business in this state by reason of engaging in any of the following activities:
(a) The purchase, acquisition, holding, sale, assignment, transfer, collecting, and enforcement of obligations or any interest therein secured by real estate mortgages or other instruments in the nature of a mortgage, covering real property located in this state, or the foreclosure of such instruments, or the acquisition of title to such property by foreclosure, or otherwise, as a result of default under such instruments, or the holding, protection, rental, maintenance, and operation of the property so acquired, or the disposition thereof; provided such associations shall not hold, own, or operate such property for a period exceeding 5 years without securing the approval of the office.
(b) The advertising or solicitation of savings accounts or the making of any representations with respect thereto in this state through the medium of the mail, radio, television, magazines, or newspapers or any other medium which is published or circulated within this state; provided that such advertising, solicitation, or the making of such representations is accurately descriptive of the facts.
(5) SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUIT.Any foreign association or federal association described in subsection (4) which engages in any of the activities described in paragraph (a) thereof pursuant to the provisions of this section shall in any connection therewith be subject to suit in the courts of this state by this state and the citizens of this state; and service on such association shall be effected by serving the Secretary of State of this state except that the provisions of this section shall have no other application to the question of whether any foreign association or federal association is subject to service of process and suit in this state as a result of the transaction of business or other activities in this state.
History.s. 50, ch. 69-39; ss. 12, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 10, ch. 73-152; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 216, ch. 77-104; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 50, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 13, ch. 83-129; s. 5, ch. 86-58; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 185, ch. 92-303; s. 1864, ch. 2003-261.
Note.Former s. 665.501.
665.1011 Federal associations.Federal associations, which are incorporated pursuant to the laws of the United States, as now or hereafter amended, and the principal place of business of which is located within this state, are not foreign corporations or foreign associations. Unless federal laws or regulations provide otherwise, such federal associations and the members or stockholders thereof shall possess all of the rights, powers, privileges, benefits, immunities, and exemptions that are now provided or that hereafter may be provided by the laws of this state for associations organized under the laws of this state and for the members or stockholders thereof. This provision is additional and supplemental to any provision which, by specific reference, is applicable to federal associations and the members or stockholders thereof.
History.s. 51, ch. 69-39; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 51, 57, 58, ch. 80-257; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 1, ch. 91-307; ss. 1, 186, ch. 92-303.
Note.Former s. 665.511.