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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title XV
Chapter 222
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F.S. 222.30
222.30 Fraudulent asset conversions.
(1) As used in this section, “conversion” means every mode, direct or indirect, absolute or conditional, of changing or disposing of an asset, such that the products or proceeds of the asset become immune or exempt by law from claims of creditors of the debtor and the products or proceeds of the asset remain property of the debtor. The definitions of chapter 726 apply to this section unless the application of a definition would be unreasonable.
(2) Any conversion by a debtor of an asset that results in the proceeds of the asset becoming exempt by law from the claims of a creditor of the debtor is a fraudulent asset conversion as to the creditor, whether the creditor’s claim to the asset arose before or after the conversion of the asset, if the debtor made the conversion with the intent to hinder, delay, or defraud the creditor.
(3) In an action for relief against a fraudulent asset conversion, a creditor may obtain:
(a) Avoidance of the fraudulent asset conversion to the extent necessary to satisfy the creditor’s claim.
(b) An attachment or other provisional remedy against the asset converted in accordance with applicable law.
(c) Subject to applicable principles of equity and in accordance with applicable rules of civil procedure:
1. An injunction against further conversion by the debtor of the asset or of other property.
2. Any other relief the circumstances may require.
(4) If a creditor has obtained a judgment on a claim against the debtor, the creditor, if the court so orders, may levy execution on the asset converted or its proceeds.
(5) A cause of action with respect to a fraudulent asset conversion is extinguished unless an action is brought within 4 years after the fraudulent asset conversion was made.
(6) If an asset is converted and the converted asset is subsequently transferred to a third party, the provisions of chapter 726 apply to the transfer to the third party.
History.s. 5, ch. 93-256.