Online Sunshine Logo
Official Internet Site of the Florida Legislature
January 25, 2022
Text: 'NEW Advanced Legislative Search'
Interpreter Services for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
Go to MyFlorida House
Go to MyFlorida House
Select Year:  
The Florida Statutes

The 2021 Florida Statutes

Title XVII
MILITARY AFFAIRS AND RELATED MATTERS
Chapter 250
MILITARY AFFAIRS
View Entire Chapter
F.S. 250.351
250.351 Courts-martial; jurisdiction.
(1) Members of the Florida National Guard are subject to this chapter and the Florida Code of Military Justice, including the punitive provisions thereof, at all times during their enlistment or appointment, whether in civilian or military status and whether serving in this state or outside the state. Jurisdiction is based exclusively on membership in the Florida National Guard and not subject to any additional requirements.
(2) Subject matter jurisdiction is established if a nexus exists between an offense, either military or nonmilitary, and the state military force. Courts-martial under the Florida Code of Military Justice have primary jurisdiction over military offenses committed when not in the active service of the United States. A proper civilian court has primary jurisdiction over a nonmilitary offense when an act or omission violates both the Florida Code of Military Justice and local criminal law, foreign or domestic. In such a case, a court-martial may be initiated only after the civilian authority has declined to prosecute or has dismissed the charge, provided jeopardy has not attached. Jurisdiction over attempted crimes, conspiracy crimes, solicitation, and accessory crimes must be determined by the underlying offense. Courts-martial under the Florida Code of Military Justice may be initiated for offenses committed by a Florida National Guard member while in the active service of the United States only after the commander with authority over the offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice has declined to prosecute or has dismissed the charge, provided jeopardy has not attached.
(3) Courts-martial may be convened and held in a unit of the Florida National Guard serving outside the state, and the court has the same jurisdiction and powers as if the courts-martial were held within the state. An offense committed outside the state may be tried and punished outside the state or within the state.
History.s. 32, ch. 2003-68; s. 7, ch. 2021-148.