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The Florida Statutes

The 2017 Florida Statutes

Title XXIII
MOTOR VEHICLES
Chapter 316
STATE UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL
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F.S. 316.635
316.635 Courts having jurisdiction over traffic violations; powers relating to custody and detention of minors.
(1) A court which has jurisdiction over traffic violations shall have original jurisdiction in the case of any minor who is alleged to have committed a violation of law or of a county or municipal ordinance pertaining to the operation of a motor vehicle; however, any traffic offense that is punishable by law as a felony shall be under the jurisdiction of the circuit court.
(2) If a minor is arrested for the commission of a criminal traffic offense and transportation is necessary, the minor shall not be placed in any police car or other vehicle which at the same time contains an adult under arrest, except upon special order of the circuit court. However, if the minor is alleged to have participated with an adult in the same offense or transaction, the minor may be transported in the same vehicle with the adult.
(3) If a minor is taken into custody for a criminal traffic offense or a violation of chapter 322 and the minor does not demand to be taken before a trial court judge, or a Civil Traffic Infraction Hearing Officer, who has jurisdiction over the offense or violation, the arresting officer or booking officer shall immediately notify, or cause to be notified, the minor’s parents, guardian, or responsible adult relative of the action taken. After making every reasonable effort to give notice, the arresting officer or booking officer may:
(a) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to chapter 901 and release the minor to a parent, guardian, responsible adult relative, or other responsible adult;
(b) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to chapter 901 and release the minor pursuant to s. 903.06;
(c) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to chapter 901 and deliver the minor to an appropriate substance abuse treatment or rehabilitation facility or refer the minor to an appropriate medical facility as provided in s. 901.29. If the minor cannot be delivered to an appropriate substance abuse treatment or rehabilitation facility or medical facility, the arresting officer may deliver the minor to an appropriate intake office of the Department of Juvenile Justice, which shall take custody of the minor and make any appropriate referrals; or
(d) If the violation constitutes a felony and the minor cannot be released pursuant to s. 903.03, transport and deliver the minor to an appropriate Department of Juvenile Justice intake office. Upon delivery of the minor to the intake office, the department shall assume custody and proceed pursuant to chapter 984 or chapter 985.

If action is not taken pursuant to paragraphs (a)-(d), the minor shall be delivered to the Department of Juvenile Justice, and the department shall make every reasonable effort to contact the parents, guardian, or responsible adult relative to take custody of the minor. If there is no parent, guardian, or responsible adult relative available, the department may retain custody of the minor for up to 24 hours.

(4) A minor who willfully fails to appear before any court or judicial officer as required by written notice to appear is guilty of contempt of court. Upon a finding by a court, after notice and a hearing, that a minor is in contempt of court for willful failure to appear pursuant to a valid notice to appear, the court may:
(a) For a first offense, order the minor to serve up to 5 days in a staff-secure shelter as defined in chapter 984 or, if space in a staff-secure shelter is unavailable, in a secure juvenile detention center.
(b) For a second or subsequent offense, the court may order a minor to serve up to 15 days in a staff-secure shelter or, if space in a staff-secure shelter is unavailable, in a secure juvenile detention center.
History.s. 3, ch. 72-179; s. 24, ch. 73-334; s. 1, ch. 76-31; s. 14, ch. 81-218; s. 4, ch. 83-218; s. 64, ch. 94-209; s. 27, ch. 98-280; s. 7, ch. 2004-11; s. 48, ch. 2014-162.
Note.Former s. 316.047.