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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Chapter 487
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F.S. 487.031
487.031 Prohibited acts.It is unlawful:
(1) For any person to engage in the application of restricted-use pesticides, except as defined in chapters 388 and 482, without a certified applicator’s license issued by the department unless such person is doing so under the direct supervision of a licensee. However, all aerial applicators applying any pesticide shall be licensed by the department in the appropriate category or categories, and provisions for direct supervision shall not be held to apply to aerial applicators.
(2) To distribute, sell, or offer for sale within this state any pesticide or product which has not been registered pursuant to the provisions of this part, except pesticides distributed, sold, offered for sale, or used in accordance with the provisions of federal or state restriction, supervision, or cancellation orders or other existing stock agreements.
(3) To distribute, sell, offer for sale, or use within the state any pesticide which is adulterated or misbranded, or any device which is misbranded.
(4) To detach, alter, deface, or destroy, in whole or in part, any label or labeling provided for in this part or rules promulgated under this part, or to add any substance to, or take any substance from, any pesticide in a manner that may defeat the purpose of this part.
(5) For any person to use for his or her own advantage or to reveal any information relative to formulas of products acquired by authority of this part, other than to: the department, proper officials, or employees of the state; the courts of this state in response to a subpoena; physicians, pharmacists, and other qualified persons, in an emergency, for use in the preparation of antidotes. The information relative to formulas of products is confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1).
(6) To disseminate any false advertisement.
(7) For any person to dispose of a pesticide that has been placed under stop-sale, stop-use, removal, or hold order issued by the department without a written release order from the department or to remove stop-sale, stop-use, removal, or hold order from article so detained.
(8) To hold or offer for sale, sell, or distribute in this state restricted-use pesticides without a dealer’s license and unless the person to whom the sale is made holds a valid applicator’s license to purchase and use such restricted-use pesticides or holds a valid purchase authorization card, in which case the use of the restricted-use pesticide shall be by a licensed applicator or an employee under his or her direct supervision.
(9) For any person to purchase any restricted-use pesticide unless the person is the holder of a valid dealer’s license, applicator’s license, or purchase authorization card or to use a restricted-use pesticide unless the person is the holder of a valid applicator’s license or unless he or she is using the restricted-use pesticide under the direct supervision of a licensed applicator.
(10) For any person to use any pesticide, including a restricted-use pesticide, or to dispose of any pesticide containers in a manner other than as stated in the labeling or on the label or as specified by the department or the United States Environmental Protection Agency. However, it shall not be unlawful to:
(a) Apply a pesticide at any dosage, concentration, or frequency less than that specified on the label or labeling, provided that the efficacy of the pesticide is maintained; further, provided that when a pesticide is applied by a commercial applicator, any deviation from label recommendations must be with the consent of the purchaser of the pesticide application services;
(b) Apply a pesticide against any target pest not specified in the labeling if the application is to a crop, animal, or site specified on the label or labeling, provided that the label or labeling does not specifically prohibit the use on pests other than those listed on the label or labeling;
(c) Employ any method of application not prohibited by the labeling;
(d) Mix a pesticide or pesticides with a fertilizer when such mixture is not prohibited by the label or labeling; or
(e) Use in a manner determined by rule not to be an unlawful act.
(11) For any person to handle, transport, store, display, or distribute pesticides in such a manner as to endanger human beings or the environment or to endanger food, feed, or any other products that may be transported, stored, displayed, or distributed with such pesticides.
(12) For any person to dispose of, discard, or store any pesticides or pesticide containers in a manner which causes injury to humans, vegetation, crops, livestock, wildlife, or pollinating insects or to pollute any water supply or waterway.
(13) For any person to:
(a) Make a false or fraudulent claim through any medium, misrepresenting the effect of materials or methods used;
(b) Make a pesticide recommendation or application not in accordance with the label, except as provided in this section, or not in accordance with recommendations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or not in accordance with the specifications of a special local need registration;
(c) Operate faulty or unsafe equipment;
(d) Operate in a faulty, careless, or negligent manner;
(e) Apply any pesticide directly to, or in any manner cause any pesticide to drift onto, any person or area not intended to receive the pesticide;
(f) Fail to disclose to an agricultural crop grower, prior to the time pesticides are applied to a crop, full information regarding the possible harmful effects to human beings or animals and the earliest safe time for workers or animals to reenter the treated field;
(g) Refuse or, after notice, neglect to comply with the provisions of this part, the rules adopted under this part, or any lawful order of the department;
(h) Refuse or neglect to keep and maintain the records required by this part or to submit reports when and as required;
(i) Make false or fraudulent records, invoices, or reports;
(j) Use fraud or misrepresentation in making an application for a license or license renewal;
(k) Refuse or neglect to comply with any limitations or restrictions on or in a duly issued license;
(l) Aid or abet a licensed or unlicensed person to evade the provisions of this part, or combine or conspire with a licensed or unlicensed person to evade the provisions of this part, or allow a license to be used by an unlicensed person;
(m) Make false or misleading statements during or after an inspection concerning any infestation or infection of pests found on land;
(n) Make false or misleading statements, or fail to report, pursuant to this part, any suspected or known damage to property or illness or injury to persons caused by the application of pesticides;
(o) Impersonate any state, county, or city inspector or official;
(p) Fail to maintain a current liability insurance policy or surety bond as provided for in this part;
(q) Fail to adequately train, as provided for in this part, unlicensed applicators or mixer-loaders applying restricted-use pesticides under the direct supervision of a licensed applicator; or
(r) Fail to provide authorized representatives of the department with records required by this part or with free access for inspection and sampling of any pesticide, areas treated with or impacted by these materials, and equipment used in their application.
History.s. 1, ch. 65-457; s. 1, ch. 69-19; ss. 14, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 69-376; s. 2, ch. 70-52; s. 1, ch. 70-439; s. 2, ch. 71-137; s. 1, ch. 72-166; ss. 2, 3, ch. 73-63; s. 9, ch. 74-247; s. 183, ch. 77-104; s. 412, ch. 77-147; s. 6, ch. 78-95; s. 1, ch. 78-154; s. 88, ch. 79-65; s. 137, ch. 79-164; s. 2, ch. 79-210; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 8, 14, 15, ch. 82-167; s. 101, ch. 83-218; s. 3, ch. 86-116; s. 1, ch. 91-20; ss. 4, 37, ch. 92-115; s. 6, ch. 94-233; s. 322, ch. 96-406; s. 1122, ch. 97-103; s. 12, ch. 2000-154; s. 25, ch. 2004-64.
Note.Subsection (13) former s. 487.158(1).