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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title XXXV
Chapter 578
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F.S. 578.13
578.13 Prohibitions.
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, distribute for sale, offer for sale, expose for sale, handle for sale, or solicit orders for the purchase of any agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree, or shrub seed within this state:
(a) Unless the test to determine the percentage of germination required by s. 578.09 has been completed immediately prior to sale, exposure for sale, offering for sale, or transportation, except for a germination test for seed in hermetically sealed containers which is provided for in s. 578.092.
(b) Not labeled in accordance with this law, or having false or misleading labeling.
(c) Pertaining to which there has been a false or misleading advertisement.
(d) Containing noxious weed seeds subject to tolerances and methods of determination prescribed in the rules and regulations under this law.
(e) Unless a seed license has been obtained in accordance with this law.
(f) Unless such seed conforms to the definition of a “lot.”
(2) It shall be unlawful for a person within this state to:
(a) Detach, deface, destroy, or use a second time any label or tag provided for in this law or in the rules and regulations made and promulgated hereunder or to alter or substitute seed in a manner that may defeat the purpose of this law.
(b) Disseminate any false or misleading advertisement concerning agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree, or shrub seed in any manner or by any means.
(c) Hinder or obstruct in any way any authorized person in the performance of her or his duties under this law.
(d) Fail to comply with a stop-sale order or move, handle, or dispose of any lot of seed, or tags attached to such seed, held under a “stop-sale” order, except with express permission of the department and for the purpose specified by the department.
(e) Label, advertise, or otherwise represent seed subject to this chapter to be certified seed or any class thereof, including classes such as “registered seed,” “foundation seed,” “breeder seed” or similar representations, unless:
1. A seed certifying agency determines that such seed conformed to standards of purity and identity as to the kind, variety, or species and, if appropriate, subspecies and the seed certifying agency also determines that tree or shrub seed was found to be of the origin and elevation claimed, in compliance with the rules and regulations of such agency pertaining to such seed; and
2. The seed bears an official label issued for such seed by a seed certifying agency certifying that the seed is of a specified class and specified to the kind, variety, or species and, if appropriate, subspecies.
(f) Label, by variety name, seed not certified by an official seed-certifying agency when it is a variety for which a certificate of plant variety protection under the United States Plant Variety Protection Act, 7 U.S.C. ss. 2321 et seq., specifies sale only as a class of certified seed, except that seed from a certified lot may be labeled as to variety name when used in a mixture by, or with the written approval of, the owner of the variety.
(g) Fail to keep a complete record, including a file sample which shall be retained for 1 year after seed is sold, of each lot of seed and to make available for inspection such records to the department or its duly authorized agents.
(h) Use the name of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services or Florida State Seed Laboratory in connection with analysis tag, labeling advertisement, or sale of any seed in any manner whatsoever.
History.s. 4, ch. 20251, 1941; s. 4, ch. 21942, 1943; s. 4, ch. 22694, 1945; s. 6, ch. 57-199; s. 5, ch. 61-436; ss. 14, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 10, ch. 69-144; s. 13, ch. 96-407; s. 1186, ch. 97-103; s. 47, ch. 2018-84; s. 93, ch. 2019-3.