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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Chapter 509
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F.S. 509.406
509.406 Prejudgment writ of distress.
(1) A prejudgment writ of distress may issue and the property seized may be delivered forthwith to the plaintiff when the nature of the claim, the amount thereof, and the grounds relied upon for the issuance of the writ clearly appear from specific facts shown by the verified petition or by separate affidavit of the plaintiff.
(2) The prejudgment writ of distress may issue if the court finds, pursuant to subsection (1), that the defendant is engaging in, or is about to engage in, conduct that may place the claimed property in danger of destruction, concealment, removal from the state, removal from the jurisdiction of the court, or transfer to an innocent purchaser during the pendency of the action and that the defendant has failed to make payment as agreed.
(3) The plaintiff shall post bond in the amount of twice the estimated value of the goods subject to the writ or twice the balance of the outstanding account, whichever is the lesser as determined by the court, as security for the payment of damages the defendant may sustain if the writ is wrongfully obtained.
(4) The defendant may obtain release of the property seized under a prejudgment writ of distress by posting bond with surety within 10 days after service of the writ, in the amount of one and one-fourth the claimed outstanding account, for the satisfaction of any judgment which may be rendered against the defendant, conditioned upon delivery of the property if the judgment should require it.
(5) A prejudgment writ of distress shall issue only upon a signed order of a circuit court judge or a county court judge. The prejudgment writ of distress shall include a notice of the defendant’s right to immediate hearing before the court issuing the writ.
(6) As an alternative to the procedure prescribed in subsection (4), the defendant, by motion filed with the court within 10 days after service of the writ, may obtain the dissolution of a prejudgment writ of distress, unless the plaintiff proves the grounds upon which the writ was issued. The court shall set such motion for an immediate hearing.
History.s. 1, ch. 77-249; ss. 32, 39, 42, ch. 79-240; ss. 3, 4, ch. 81-161; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 40, 51, 52, ch. 90-339; s. 4, ch. 91-429.