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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title XXXVII
INSURANCE
Chapter 626
INSURANCE FIELD REPRESENTATIVES AND OPERATIONS
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F.S. 626.8825
626.8825 Pharmacy benefit manager transparency and accountability.
(1) DEFINITIONS.As used in this section, the term:
(a) “Adjudication transaction fee” means a fee charged by the pharmacy benefit manager to the pharmacy for electronic claim submissions.
(b) “Affiliated pharmacy” means a pharmacy that, either directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries:
1. Has an investment or ownership interest in a pharmacy benefit manager holding a certificate of authority issued under this part;
2. Shares common ownership with a pharmacy benefit manager holding a certificate of authority issued under this part; or
3. Has an investor or a holder of an ownership interest which is a pharmacy benefit manager holding a certificate of authority issued under this part.
(c) “Brand name or generic effective rate” means the contractual rate set forth by a pharmacy benefit manager for the reimbursement of covered brand name or generic drugs, calculated using the total payments in the aggregate, by drug type, during the performance period. The effective rates are typically calculated as a discount from industry benchmarks, such as average wholesale price or wholesale acquisition cost.
(d) “Covered person” means a person covered by, participating in, or receiving the benefit of a pharmacy benefits plan or program.
(e) “Direct and indirect remuneration fees” means price concessions that are paid to the pharmacy benefit manager by the pharmacy retrospectively and that cannot be calculated at the point of sale. The term may also include discounts, chargebacks or rebates, cash discounts, free goods contingent on a purchase agreement, upfront payments, coupons, goods in kind, free or reduced-price services, grants, or other price concessions or similar benefits from manufacturers, pharmacies, or similar entities.
(f) “Dispensing fee” means a fee intended to cover reasonable costs associated with providing the drug to a covered person. This cost includes the pharmacist’s services and the overhead associated with maintaining the facility and equipment necessary to operate the pharmacy.
(g) “Effective rate guarantee” means the minimum ingredient cost reimbursement a pharmacy benefit manager guarantees it will pay for pharmacist services during the applicable measurement period.
(h) “Erroneous claims” means pharmacy claims submitted in error, including, but not limited to, unintended, incorrect, fraudulent, or test claims.
(i) “Group purchasing organization” means an entity affiliated with a pharmacy benefit manager or a pharmacy benefits plan or program which uses purchasing volume aggregates as leverage to negotiate discounts and rebates for covered prescription drugs with pharmaceutical manufacturers, distributors, and wholesale vendors.
(j) “Incentive payment” means a retrospective monetary payment made as a reward or recognition by the pharmacy benefits plan or program or pharmacy benefit manager to a pharmacy for meeting or exceeding predefined pharmacy performance metrics as related to quality measures, such as Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set measures.
(k) “Maximum allowable cost appeal pricing adjustment” means a retrospective positive payment adjustment made to a pharmacy by the pharmacy benefits plan or program or by the pharmacy benefit manager pursuant to an approved maximum allowable cost appeal request submitted by the same pharmacy to dispute the amount reimbursed for a drug based on the pharmacy benefit manager’s listed maximum allowable cost price.
(l) “Monetary recoupments” means rescinded or recouped payments from a pharmacy or provider by the pharmacy benefits plan or program or by the pharmacy benefit manager.
(m) “Network” means a group of pharmacies that agree to provide pharmacist services to covered persons on behalf of a pharmacy benefits plan or program or a group of pharmacy benefits plans or programs in exchange for payment for such services. The term includes a pharmacy that generally dispenses outpatient prescription drugs to covered persons.
(n) “Network reconciliation offsets” means a process during annual payment reconciliation between a pharmacy benefit manager and a pharmacy which allows the pharmacy benefit manager to offset an amount for overperformance or underperformance of contractual guarantees across guaranteed line items, channels, networks, or payors, as applicable.
(o) “Participation contract” means any agreement between a pharmacy benefit manager and pharmacy for the provision and reimbursement of pharmacist services and any exhibits, attachments, amendments, or addenda to such agreement.
(p) “Pass-through pricing model” means a payment model used by a pharmacy benefit manager in which the payments made by the pharmacy benefits plan or program to the pharmacy benefit manager for the covered outpatient drugs are:
1. Equivalent to the payments the pharmacy benefit manager makes to a dispensing pharmacy or provider for such drugs, including any contracted professional dispensing fee between the pharmacy benefit manager and its network of pharmacies. Such dispensing fee would be paid if the pharmacy benefits plan or program was making the payments directly.
2. Passed through in their entirety by the pharmacy benefits plan or program or by the pharmacy benefit manager to the pharmacy or provider that dispenses the drugs, and the payments are made in a manner that is not offset by any reconciliation.
(q) “Pharmacist” has the same meaning as in s. 465.003.
(r) “Pharmacist services” means products, goods, and services or any combination of products, goods, and services provided as part of the practice of the profession of pharmacy as defined in s. 465.003 or otherwise covered by a pharmacy benefits plan or program.
(s) “Pharmacy” has the same meaning as in s. 465.003.
(t) “Pharmacy benefit manager” has the same meaning as in s. 626.88.
(u) “Pharmacy benefits plan or program” means a plan or program that pays for, reimburses, covers the cost of, or provides access to discounts on pharmacist services provided by one or more pharmacies to covered persons who reside in, are employed by, or receive pharmacist services from this state.
1. The term includes, but is not limited to, health maintenance organizations, health insurers, self-insured employer health plans, discount card programs, and government-funded health plans, including the Statewide Medicaid Managed Care program established pursuant to part IV of chapter 409 and the state group insurance program pursuant to part I of chapter 110.
2. The term excludes such a plan or program under chapter 440.
(v) “Rebate” means all payments that accrue to a pharmacy benefit manager or its pharmacy benefits plan or program client or an affiliated group purchasing organization, directly or indirectly, from a pharmaceutical manufacturer, including, but not limited to, discounts, administration fees, credits, incentives, or penalties associated directly or indirectly in any way with claims administered on behalf of a pharmacy benefits plan or program client.
(w) “Spread pricing” is the practice in which a pharmacy benefit manager charges a pharmacy benefits plan or program a different amount for pharmacist services than the amount the pharmacy benefit manager reimburses a pharmacy for such pharmacist services.
(x) “Usual and customary price” means the amount charged to cash customers for a pharmacist service exclusive of sales tax or other amounts claimed.
(2) CONTRACTS BETWEEN A PHARMACY BENEFIT MANAGER AND A PHARMACY BENEFITS PLAN OR PROGRAM.In addition to any other requirements in the Florida Insurance Code, all contractual arrangements executed, amended, adjusted, or renewed on or after July 1, 2023, which are applicable to pharmacy benefits covered on or after January 1, 2024, between a pharmacy benefit manager and a pharmacy benefits plan or program must include, in substantial form, terms that ensure compliance with all of the following requirements and that, except to the extent not allowed by law, shall supersede any contractual terms to the contrary:
(a) Use a pass-through pricing model, remaining consistent with the prohibition in paragraph (3)(c).
(b) Exclude terms that allow for the direct or indirect engagement in the practice of spread pricing unless the pharmacy benefit manager passes along the entire amount of such difference to the pharmacy benefits plan or program as allowable under paragraph (a).
(c) Ensure that funds received in relation to providing services for a pharmacy benefits plan or program or a pharmacy are used or distributed only pursuant to the pharmacy benefit manager’s contract with the pharmacy benefits plan or program or with the pharmacy or as otherwise required by applicable law.
(d) Require the pharmacy benefit manager to pass 100 percent of all prescription drug manufacturer rebates, including nonresident prescription drug manufacturer rebates, received to the pharmacy benefits plan or program, if the contractual arrangement delegates the negotiation of rebates to the pharmacy benefit manager, for the sole purpose of offsetting defined cost sharing and reducing premiums of covered persons. Any excess rebate revenue after the pharmacy benefit manager and the pharmacy benefits plan or program have taken all actions required under this paragraph must be used for the sole purpose of offsetting copayments and deductibles of covered persons. This paragraph does not apply to contracts involving Medicaid managed care plans.
(e) Include network adequacy requirements that meet or exceed Medicare Part D program standards for convenient access to the network pharmacies set forth in 42 C.F.R. s. 423.120(a)(1) and that:
1. Do not limit a network to solely include affiliated pharmacies;
2. Require a pharmacy benefit manager to offer a provider contract to licensed pharmacies physically located on the physical site of providers that are:
a. Within the pharmacy benefits plan’s or program’s geographic service area and that have been specifically designated as essential providers by the Agency for Health Care Administration pursuant to s. 409.975(1)(a);
b. Designated as cancer centers of excellence under s. 381.925, regardless of the pharmacy benefits plan’s or program’s geographic service area;
c. Organ transplant hospitals, regardless of the pharmacy benefits plan’s or program’s geographic service area;
d. Hospitals licensed as specialty children’s hospitals as defined in s. 395.002; or
e. Regional perinatal intensive care centers as defined in s. 383.16(2), regardless of the pharmacy benefits plan’s or program’s geographic service area.

Such provider contracts must be solely for the administration or dispensing of covered prescription drugs, including biological products, which are administered through infusions, intravenously injected, or inhaled during a surgical procedure or are covered parenteral drugs, as part of onsite outpatient care;

3. Do not require a covered person to receive a prescription drug by United States mail, common carrier, local courier, third-party company or delivery service, or pharmacy direct delivery unless the prescription drug cannot be acquired at any retail pharmacy in the pharmacy benefit manager’s network for the covered person’s pharmacy benefits plan or program. This subparagraph does not prohibit a pharmacy benefit manager from operating mail order or delivery programs on an opt-in basis at the sole discretion of a covered person, provided that the covered person is not penalized through the imposition of any additional retail cost-sharing obligations or a lower allowed-quantity limit for choosing not to select the mail order or delivery programs;
4. For the in-person administration of covered prescription drugs, prohibit requiring a covered person to receive pharmacist services from an affiliated pharmacy or an affiliated health care provider; and
5. Prohibit offering or implementing pharmacy networks that require or provide a promotional item or an incentive, defined as anything other than a reduced cost-sharing amount or enhanced quantity limit allowed under the benefit design for a covered drug, to a covered person to use an affiliated pharmacy or an affiliated health care provider for the in-person administration of covered prescription drugs; or advertising, marketing, or promoting an affiliated pharmacy to covered persons. Subject to the foregoing, a pharmacy benefit manager may include an affiliated pharmacy in communications to covered persons regarding network pharmacies and prices, provided that the pharmacy benefit manager includes information, such as links to all nonaffiliated network pharmacies, in such communications and that the information provided is accurate and of equal prominence. This subparagraph may not be construed to prohibit a pharmacy benefit manager from entering into an agreement with an affiliated pharmacy to provide pharmacist services to covered persons.
(f) Prohibit the ability of a pharmacy benefit manager to condition participation in one pharmacy network on participation in any other pharmacy network or penalize a pharmacy for exercising its prerogative not to participate in a specific pharmacy network.
(g) Prohibit a pharmacy benefit manager from instituting a network that requires a pharmacy to meet accreditation standards inconsistent with or more stringent than applicable federal and state requirements for licensure and operation as a pharmacy in this state. However, a pharmacy benefit manager may specify additional specialty networks that require enhanced standards related to the safety and competency necessary to meet the United States Food and Drug Administration’s limited distribution requirements for dispensing any drug that, on a drug-by-drug basis, requires extraordinary special handling, provider coordination, or clinical care or monitoring when such extraordinary requirements cannot be met by a retail pharmacy. For purposes of this paragraph, drugs requiring extraordinary special handling are limited to drugs that are subject to a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration and that:
1. Require special certification of a health care provider to prescribe, receive, dispense, or administer; or
2. Require special handling due to the molecular complexity or cytotoxic properties of the biologic or biosimilar product or drug.

For participation in a specialty network, a pharmacy benefit manager may not require a pharmacy to meet requirements for participation beyond those necessary to demonstrate the pharmacy’s ability to dispense the drug in accordance with the United States Food and Drug Administration’s approved manufacturer labeling.

(h)1. At a minimum, require the pharmacy benefit manager or pharmacy benefits plan or program to, upon revising its formulary of covered prescription drugs during a plan year, provide a 60-day continuity-of-care period in which the covered prescription drug that is being revised from the formulary continues to be provided at the same cost for the patient for a period of 60 days. The 60-day continuity-of-care period commences upon notification to the patient. This requirement does not apply if the covered prescription drug:
a. Has been approved and made available over the counter by the United States Food and Drug Administration and has entered the commercial market as such;
b. Has been removed or withdrawn from the commercial market by the manufacturer; or
c. Is subject to an involuntary recall by state or federal authorities and is no longer available on the commercial market.
2. Beginning January 1, 2024, and annually thereafter, the pharmacy benefits plan or program shall submit to the office, under the penalty of perjury, a statement attesting to its compliance with the requirements of this subsection.
(3) CONTRACTS BETWEEN A PHARMACY BENEFIT MANAGER AND A PARTICIPATING PHARMACY.In addition to other requirements in the Florida Insurance Code, a participation contract executed, amended, adjusted, or renewed on or after July 1, 2023, that applies to pharmacist services on or after January 1, 2024, between a pharmacy benefit manager and one or more pharmacies or pharmacists, must include, in substantial form, terms that ensure compliance with all of the following requirements, and that, except to the extent not allowed by law, shall supersede any contractual terms in the participation contract to the contrary:
(a) At the time of adjudication for electronic claims or the time of reimbursement for nonelectronic claims, the pharmacy benefit manager shall provide the pharmacy with a remittance, including such detailed information as is necessary for the pharmacy or pharmacist to identify the reimbursement schedule for the specific network applicable to the claim and which is the basis used by the pharmacy benefit manager to calculate the amount of reimbursement paid. This information must include, but is not limited to, the applicable network reimbursement ID or plan ID as defined in the most current version of the National Council for Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP) Telecommunication Standard Implementation Guide, or its nationally recognized successor industry guide. The commission shall adopt rules to implement this paragraph.
(b) The pharmacy benefit manager must ensure that any basis of reimbursement information is communicated to a pharmacy in accordance with the NCPDP Telecommunication Standard Implementation Guide, or its nationally recognized successor industry guide, when performing reconciliation for any effective rate guarantee, and that such basis of reimbursement information communicated is accurate, corresponds with the applicable network rate, and may be relied upon by the pharmacy.
(c) A prohibition of financial clawbacks, reconciliation offsets, or offsets to adjudicated claims. A pharmacy benefit manager may not charge, withhold, or recoup direct or indirect remuneration fees, dispensing fees, brand name or generic effective rate adjustments through reconciliation, or any other monetary charge, withholding, or recoupments as related to discounts, multiple network reconciliation offsets, adjudication transaction fees, and any other instance when a fee may be recouped from a pharmacy. This prohibition does not apply to:
1. Any incentive payments provided by the pharmacy benefit manager to a network pharmacy for meeting or exceeding predefined quality measures, such as Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set measures; recoupment due to an erroneous claim, fraud, waste, or abuse; a claim adjudicated in error; a maximum allowable cost appeal pricing adjustment; or an adjustment made as part of a pharmacy audit pursuant to s. 624.491.
2. Any recoupment that is returned to the state for programs in chapter 409 or the state group insurance program in s. 110.123.
(d) A pharmacy benefit manager may not unilaterally change the terms of any participation contract.
(e) Unless otherwise prohibited by law, a pharmacy benefit manager may not prohibit a pharmacy or pharmacist from:
1. Offering mail or delivery services on an opt-in basis at the sole discretion of the covered person.
2. Mailing or delivering a prescription drug to a covered person upon his or her request.
3. Charging a shipping or handling fee to a covered person requesting a prescription drug be mailed or delivered if the pharmacy or pharmacist discloses to the covered person before the mailing or delivery the amount of the fee that will be charged and that the fee may not be reimbursable by the covered person’s pharmacy benefits plan or program.
(f) The pharmacy benefit manager must provide a pharmacy, upon its request, a list of pharmacy benefits plans or programs in which the pharmacy is a part of the network. Updates to the list must be communicated to the pharmacy within 7 days. The pharmacy benefit manager may not restrict the pharmacy or pharmacist from disclosing this information to the public.
(g) The pharmacy benefit manager must ensure that the Electronic Remittance Advice contains claim level payment adjustments in accordance with the American National Standards Institute Accredited Standards Committee, X12 format, and includes or is accompanied by the appropriate level of detail for the pharmacy to reconcile any debits or credits, including, but not limited to, pharmacy NCPDP or NPI identifier, date of service, prescription number, refill number, adjustment code, if applicable, and transaction amount.
(h) The pharmacy benefit manager shall provide a reasonable administrative appeal procedure to allow a pharmacy or pharmacist to challenge the maximum allowable cost pricing information and the reimbursement made under the maximum allowable cost as defined in s. 627.64741 for a specific drug as being below the acquisition cost available to the challenging pharmacy or pharmacist.
1. The administrative appeal procedure must include a telephone number and e-mail address, or a website, for the purpose of submitting the administrative appeal. The appeal may be submitted by the pharmacy or an agent of the pharmacy directly to the pharmacy benefit manager or through a pharmacy service administration organization. The pharmacy or pharmacist must be given at least 30 business days after a maximum allowable cost update or after an adjudication for an electronic claim or reimbursement for a nonelectronic claim to file the administrative appeal.
2. The pharmacy benefit manager must respond to the administrative appeal within 30 business days after receipt of the appeal.
3. If the appeal is upheld, the pharmacy benefit manager must:
a. Update the maximum allowable cost pricing information to at least the acquisition cost available to the pharmacy;
b. Permit the pharmacy or pharmacist to reverse and rebill the claim in question;
c. Provide to the pharmacy or pharmacist the national drug code on which the increase or change is based; and
d. Make the increase or change effective for each similarly situated pharmacy or pharmacist who is subject to the applicable maximum allowable cost pricing information.
4. If the appeal is denied, the pharmacy benefit manager must provide to the pharmacy or pharmacist the national drug code and the name of the national or regional pharmaceutical wholesalers operating in this state which have the drug currently in stock at a price below the maximum allowable cost pricing information.
5. Every 90 days, a pharmacy benefit manager shall report to the office the total number of appeals received and denied in the preceding 90-day period, with an explanation or reason for each denial, for each specific drug for which an appeal was submitted pursuant to this paragraph.
History.s. 11, ch. 2023-29.