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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Chapter 631
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F.S. 631.400
631.400 Rehabilitation of title insurer.
(1) After the entry of an order of rehabilitation, the receiver shall review the condition of the insurer and file a plan of rehabilitation for approval with the court. The plan of rehabilitation shall provide:
(a) That policies on real property in this state issued by the title insurer in rehabilitation shall remain in force unless the receiver determines the assessment capacity provided by this section is insufficient to pay claims in the ordinary course of business.
(b) That policies on real property located outside this state may be canceled as of a date provided by the receiver and approved by the court if the state in which the property is located does not have statutory provisions to pay future losses on those policies.
(c) A claims filing deadline for policies on real property located outside this state which are canceled under paragraph (b).
(d) A proposed percentage of the remaining estate assets to fund out-of-state claims where policies have been canceled, with any unused funds being returned to the general assets of the estate.
(e) A proposed percentage of the remaining estate assets to fund out-of-state claims where policies remain in force.
(f) That the funds allocated to pay claims on policies located outside of this state shall be based on the pro rata share of premiums written in each state over each of the 5 calendar years preceding the date of an order of rehabilitation.
(2) As a condition of doing business in this state, each title insurer shall be liable for an assessment to pay all unpaid title insurance claims and expenses of administering and settling those claims on real property in this state for any title insurer that is ordered into rehabilitation.
(3) The office shall order an assessment if requested by the receiver on an annual basis in an amount that the receiver deems sufficient for the payment of known claims, loss adjustment expenses, and the cost of administration of the rehabilitation expenses. The receiver shall consider the remaining assets of the insurer in receivership when making its request to the office. Annual assessments may be made until no more policies of the title insurer in rehabilitation are in force or the potential future liability has been satisfied. The office may exempt or limit the assessment of a title insurer if such assessment would result in a reduction to surplus as to policyholders below the minimum required to maintain the insurer’s certificate of authority in any state.
(4) Assessments shall be based on the total of the direct title insurance premiums written in this state as reported to the office for the most recent calendar year. Each title insurer doing business in this state shall be assessed on a pro rata share basis of the total direct title insurance premiums written in this state.
(5) Assessments shall be paid to the receiver within 90 days after notice of the assessment or pursuant to a quarterly installment plan approved by the receiver. Any insurer that elects to pay an assessment on an installment plan shall also pay a financing charge to be determined by the receiver.
(6) The office shall order an emergency assessment if requested by the receiver. The total of any emergency assessment, when added to any annual assessment in a single calendar year, may not exceed the limitation in subsection (7).
(7) No title insurer shall be required to pay an assessment in any one year that exceeds 3 percent of its surplus to policyholders as of the end of the previous calendar year or more than 10 percent of its surplus to policyholders over any consecutive 5-year period. The 10-percent limitation shall be calculated as the sum of the percentages of surplus to policyholders assessed in each of those 5 years.
(8) Assessments and emergency assessments once ordered by the office shall be considered assets of the estate and subject to the provisions of s. 631.154.
(9) In an effort to keep in force the policies on real property located in this state issued by the title insurer in rehabilitation, the receiver may use the proceeds of an assessment to acquire reinsurance or otherwise provide for the assumption of policy obligations by another insurer.
(10) The receiver shall make available information regarding unpaid claims on a quarterly basis.
(11) A title insurer in rehabilitation may not be released from rehabilitation until all of the assessed insurers have recovered the amount assessed either through surcharges collected pursuant to s. 631.401 or payments from the insurer in rehabilitation.
(12) A title insurer in rehabilitation for which an assessment has been ordered pursuant to this section may not issue any new policies until released from rehabilitation and it shall have received approval from the office to resume issuing policies.
(13) Officers, directors, and shareholders of a title insurer who served in that capacity within the 2-year period prior to the date the title insurer was ordered into rehabilitation or liquidation may not thereafter serve as an officer, director, or shareholder of an insurer authorized in this state unless the officer, director, or shareholder demonstrates to the office for the 2-year period immediately preceding the receivership that:
(a) His or her personal actions or omissions were not a significant contributing cause to the receivership;
(b) He or she did not willfully violate any order of the office;
(c) He or she did not receive directly or indirectly any distribution of funds from the insurer in excess of amounts authorized in writing by the office;
(d) The financial statements filed with the office were true and correct statements of the title insurer’s financial contrition;
(e) He or she did not engage in any business practices which were hazardous to the policyholders, creditors, or the public; and
(f) He or she at all times acted in the best interests of the title insurer.
History.s. 3, ch. 2011-226.