Online Sunshine Logo
Official Internet Site of the Florida Legislature
November 23, 2017
Text: 'NEW Advanced Legislative Search'
Interpreter Services for the Hearing Impaired
Go to MyFlorida House
Select Year:  
The Florida Statutes

The 2017 Florida Statutes

Title XXX
SOCIAL WELFARE
Chapter 420
HOUSING
View Entire Chapter
CHAPTER 420
CHAPTER 420
HOUSING
PART I
STATE HOUSING STRATEGY
(ss. 420.0001-420.0006)
PART II
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION OF FLORIDA
(ss. 420.101-420.171)
PART III
LOW-INCOME EMERGENCY HOME REPAIR PROGRAM
(s. 420.36)
PART IV
NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSING REHABILITATION
PROGRAMS
(ss. 420.421-420.429)
PART V
FLORIDA HOUSING FINANCE CORPORATION
(ss. 420.501-420.55)
PART VI
AFFORDABLE HOUSING; COALITIONS FOR HOMELESS; FAMILY EMERGENCY
ASSISTANCE
(ss. 420.601-420.635)
PART VII
STATE HOUSING INITIATIVES PARTNERSHIP
(ss. 420.907-420.9089)
PART I
STATE HOUSING STRATEGY
420.0001 Short title.
420.0002 Legislative findings.
420.0003 State housing strategy.
420.0004 Definitions.
420.0005 State Housing Trust Fund; State Housing Fund.
420.0006 Authority to contract with corporation; contract requirements; nonperformance.
420.0001 Short title.This part may be cited as the “State Housing Strategy Act.”
History.s. 2, ch. 88-376; s. 9, ch. 92-317.
420.0002 Legislative findings.The Legislature finds that:
(1) With cutbacks in federal assistance for housing programs, the projected population growth of the state, and the impact of the 1986 Tax Reform Act, Florida is experiencing a critical affordable housing shortage.
(2) The failure of the state to commit sufficient resources to address the severe housing problems has resulted in many residents of this state continuing to live in substandard or unaffordable housing or without shelter.
(3) Only seven states report a greater per capita need for low-income rental housing units than this state.
(4) First-time home buyers are growing in numbers, but, due to present trends, are finding it increasingly difficult to purchase a home because of the lack of up-front capital to pay higher down payments, insurance premiums, and other closing costs.
(5) Approximately 12 percent of the elderly population of this state live in poverty and in deplorable housing conditions.
(6) There exists a need for the construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance of multifamily elderly housing to meet existing and future housing needs.
(7) Escalating land and predevelopment costs and project financing contribute to the overall cost of housing and tend to restrict the development of housing affordable to very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons.
(8) Existing state housing programs do not provide an adequate remedy to meet current or future housing needs.
(9) As a matter of public policy, special programs are needed to stimulate public and private enterprises to build and rehabilitate housing in order to provide decent, safe, and sanitary conditions for very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons.
(10) The state should provide incentives for the formation of public-private partnerships as the means of achieving the greatest reduction in housing costs. The state should support partnership initiatives through regulatory relief, a streamlined application process for state-level programs, training, technical assistance, and flexible funding to enable local governments to meet local needs and to match federal funds.
History.s. 2, ch. 88-376; s. 10, ch. 92-317.
420.0003 State housing strategy.
(1) LEGISLATIVE INTENT.It is the intent of this act to begin the process of articulating a state housing strategy that will carry the state towards the goal of assuring that by the year 2010 each Floridian shall have decent and affordable housing. This strategy must involve state, regional, and local governments working in partnership with communities and the private sector and must involve financial as well as regulatory commitment to accomplish this goal.
(2) GOAL.By the year 2010, this state shall ensure that decent and affordable housing is available for all of its residents.
(3) POLICIES.
(a) Housing need.The continuum of need for decent and affordable housing shall be addressed, with an emphasis on assisting the neediest persons.
1. State housing programs shall promote the self-sufficiency and economic dignity of the people in this state, including elderly persons.
2. The housing requirements of special needs populations shall be addressed through programs that promote decentralization and deinstitutionalization.
3. All housing initiatives and programs shall be nondiscriminatory.
4. The geographic distribution of resources shall provide for the development of housing in rural and urban areas.
(b) Public-private partnerships.Cost-effective, public-private partnerships shall be emphasized to produce and preserve affordable housing.
1. Data shall be developed and maintained on the affordable housing activities of local governments, community-based organizations, and private developers.
2. The state shall assist local governments and community-based organizations by providing training and technical assistance.
3. The state shall provide incentives for public sector and private sector development of affordable housing.
4. The department shall coordinate state programs with local activities and with federal initiatives.
(c) Preservation of housing stock.The existing stock of affordable housing shall be preserved and improved.
1. Units of housing for low-income and elderly persons shall be preserved and improved through rehabilitation programs.
2. Neighborhood revitalization efforts shall be expanded in order to promote suitable living environments for individuals and families.
3. The state should encourage the Federal Government to continue the availability of federally subsidized units subject to mortgage prepayment and rent subsidy contract expiration.
(d) Public housing.The important contribution of public housing to the well-being of low-income citizens shall be acknowledged through state and local government efforts to provide services and assistance through existing programs to public housing facilities and their tenants. Such services may include, but are not limited to, transportation, education, law enforcement, and health services. Any state or local government funds allocated to enhance public housing must be used to supplement, not supplant, federal support.
(e) Housing production or rehabilitation programs.New programs for housing production or rehabilitation shall be developed in accordance with the following general guidelines as appropriate for the purpose of the specific program:
1. State and local governments shall provide incentives to encourage the private sector to be the primary delivery vehicle for the development of affordable housing.
2. State funds should be heavily leveraged to achieve the maximum local and private commitment of funds while achieving the program objectives.
3. To the maximum extent possible, state funds should be expended to provide housing units rather than to support program administration.
4. State money should be used, when possible, as loans rather than grants.
5. State funds should be available only to local governments that provide incentives or financial assistance for housing.
6. State funds should be made available only for projects which are consistent with the local government comprehensive plan.
7. State funding for housing should not be made available to local governments whose comprehensive plans have been found not in compliance with chapter 163 and who have not entered into a stipulated settlement agreement with the Department of Economic Opportunity to bring the plan into compliance.
8. Mixed income projects should be encouraged, to avoid a concentration of low-income residents in one area or project.
9. Distribution of state housing funds should be flexible and consider the regional and local needs, resources, and capabilities of housing producers.
10. Income levels used to determine program eligibility should be adjusted for family size in determining the eligibility of specific beneficiaries.
11. To the maximum extent possible, state-owned lands that are appropriate for the development of affordable housing shall be made available for that purpose.
(4) IMPLEMENTATION.The Department of Economic Opportunity and the Florida Housing Finance Corporation in carrying out the strategy articulated herein shall have the following duties:
(a) The fiscal resources of the Department of Economic Opportunity shall be directed to achieve the following programmatic objectives:
1. Effective technical assistance and capacity-building programs shall be established at the state and local levels.
2. The Shimberg Center for Affordable Housing at the University of Florida shall develop and maintain statewide data on housing needs and production, provide technical assistance relating to real estate development and finance, operate an information clearinghouse on housing programs, and coordinate state housing initiatives with local government and federal programs.
(b) The long-range program plan of the Department of Economic Opportunity must include specific goals, objectives, and strategies that implement the housing policies in this section.
(c) The Shimberg Center for Affordable Housing, in consultation with the Department of Economic Opportunity and the Florida Housing Finance Corporation, shall review and evaluate existing housing rehabilitation, production, and finance programs to determine their consistency with relevant policies in this section and identify the needs of specific populations, including, but not limited to, elderly persons, handicapped persons, and persons with special needs, and shall recommend statutory modifications where appropriate. The Shimberg Center for Affordable Housing, in consultation with the Department of Economic Opportunity and the corporation, shall also evaluate the degree of coordination between state housing programs, and between state, federal, and local housing activities, and shall recommend improved program linkages. The recommendations required above and a report of any programmatic modifications made as a result of these policies shall be included in the housing report required by s. 420.6075, beginning December 31, 1991, and every 5 years thereafter.
(d) The department and the corporation are anticipated to conform the administrative rules for each housing program to the policies stated in this section, provided that such changes in the rules are consistent with the statutory intent or requirements for the program. This authority applies only to programs offering loans, grants, or tax credits and only to the extent that state policies are consistent with applicable federal requirements.
History.s. 2, ch. 88-376; s. 12, ch. 90-275; s. 7, ch. 95-396; s. 1, ch. 97-167; s. 25, ch. 2007-105; s. 322, ch. 2011-142; s. 6, ch. 2011-189; s. 7, ch. 2013-83.
420.0004 Definitions.As used in this part, unless the context otherwise indicates:
(1) “Adjusted for family size” means adjusted in a manner which results in an income eligibility level which is lower for households with fewer than four people, or higher for households with more than four people, than the base income eligibility determined as provided in subsection (9), subsection (11), subsection (12), or subsection (17), based upon a formula as established by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
(2) “Adjusted gross income” means all wages, assets, regular cash or noncash contributions or gifts from persons outside the household, and such other resources and benefits as may be determined to be income by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, adjusted for family size, less deductions allowable under s. 62 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) “Affordable” means that monthly rents or monthly mortgage payments including taxes, insurance, and utilities do not exceed 30 percent of that amount which represents the percentage of the median adjusted gross annual income for the households as indicated in subsection (9), subsection (11), subsection (12), or subsection (17).
(4) “Corporation” means the Florida Housing Finance Corporation.
(5) “Community-based organization” or “nonprofit organization” means a private corporation organized under chapter 617 to assist in the provision of housing and related services on a not-for-profit basis and which is acceptable to federal and state agencies and financial institutions as a sponsor of low-income housing.
(6) “Department” means the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(7) “Disabling condition” means a diagnosable substance abuse disorder, serious mental illness, developmental disability, or chronic physical illness or disability, or the co-occurrence of two or more of these conditions, and a determination that the condition is:
(a) Expected to be of long-continued and indefinite duration; and
(b) Not expected to impair the ability of the person with special needs to live independently with appropriate supports.
(8) “Elderly” describes persons 62 years of age or older.
(9) “Extremely-low-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family whose total annual household income does not exceed 30 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state. The Florida Housing Finance Corporation may adjust this amount annually by rule to provide that in lower income counties, extremely low income may exceed 30 percent of area median income and that in higher income counties, extremely low income may be less than 30 percent of area median income.
(10) “Local public body” means any county, municipality, or other political subdivision, or any housing authority as provided by chapter 421, which is eligible to sponsor or develop housing for farmworkers and very-low-income and low-income persons within its jurisdiction.
(11) “Low-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, the total annual adjusted gross household income of which does not exceed 80 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 80 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the person or family resides, whichever is greater.
(12) “Moderate-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, the total annual adjusted gross household income of which is less than 120 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 120 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the person or family resides, whichever is greater.
(13) “Person with special needs” means an adult person requiring independent living services in order to maintain housing or develop independent living skills and who has a disabling condition; a young adult formerly in foster care who is eligible for services under s. 409.1451(5); a survivor of domestic violence as defined in s. 741.28; or a person receiving benefits under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program or the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program or from veterans’ disability benefits.
(14) “Student” means any person not living with his or her parent or guardian who is eligible to be claimed by his or her parent or guardian as a dependent under the federal income tax code and who is enrolled on at least a half-time basis in a secondary school, career center, community college, college, or university.
(15) “Substandard” means:
(a) Any unit lacking complete plumbing or sanitary facilities for the exclusive use of the occupants;
(b) A unit which is in violation of one or more major sections of an applicable housing code and where such violation poses a serious threat to the health of the occupant; or
(c) A unit that has been declared unfit for human habitation but that could be rehabilitated for less than 50 percent of the property value.
(16) “Substantial rehabilitation” means repair or restoration of a dwelling unit where the value of such repair or restoration exceeds 40 percent of the value of the dwelling.
(17) “Very-low-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, not including students, the total annual adjusted gross household income of which does not exceed 50 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 50 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the person or family resides, whichever is greater.
History.s. 2, ch. 88-376; s. 1, ch. 89-121; s. 13, ch. 90-275; s. 72, ch. 2000-153; s. 36, ch. 2004-357; ss. 44, 53, ch. 2006-26; s. 14, ch. 2006-69; s. 323, ch. 2011-142; s. 7, ch. 2011-189.
420.0005 State Housing Trust Fund; State Housing Fund.There is established in the State Treasury a separate trust fund to be named the “State Housing Trust Fund.” There shall be deposited in the fund all moneys appropriated by the Legislature, or moneys received from any other source, for the purpose of this chapter, and all proceeds derived from the use of such moneys. The fund shall be administered by the Florida Housing Finance Corporation on behalf of the department, as specified in this chapter. Money deposited to the fund and appropriated by the Legislature must, notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 216 or s. 420.504(3), be transferred quarterly in advance, to the extent available, or, if not so available, as soon as received into the State Housing Trust Fund, and subject to the provisions of s. 420.5092(6)(a) and (b) by the Chief Financial Officer to the corporation upon certification by the executive director of the Department of Economic Opportunity that the corporation is in compliance with the requirements of s. 420.0006. The certification made by the executive director shall also include the split of funds among programs administered by the corporation and the department as specified in chapter 92-317, Laws of Florida, as amended. Moneys advanced by the Chief Financial Officer must be deposited by the corporation into a separate fund established with a qualified public depository meeting the requirements of chapter 280 to be named the “State Housing Fund” and used for the purposes of this chapter. Administrative and personnel costs incurred in implementing this chapter may be paid from the State Housing Fund, but such costs may not exceed 5 percent of the moneys deposited into such fund. To the State Housing Fund shall be credited all loan repayments, penalties, and other fees and charges accruing to such fund under this chapter. It is the intent of this chapter that all loan repayments, penalties, and other fees and charges collected be credited in full to the program account from which the loan originated. Moneys in the State Housing Fund which are not currently needed for the purposes of this chapter shall be invested in such manner as is provided for by statute. The interest received on any such investment shall be credited to the State Housing Fund.
History.s. 2, ch. 88-376; s. 11, ch. 92-317; s. 2, ch. 97-167; s. 1, ch. 98-56; s. 457, ch. 2003-261; s. 47, ch. 2005-71; s. 13, ch. 2007-6; s. 10, ch. 2009-2; s. 324, ch. 2011-142; s. 66, ch. 2012-96.
420.0006 Authority to contract with corporation; contract requirements; nonperformance.The executive director of the department shall contract, notwithstanding part I of chapter 287, with the Florida Housing Finance Corporation on a multiyear basis to stimulate, provide, and foster affordable housing in the state. The contract must incorporate the performance measures required by s. 420.511 and be consistent with the corporation’s strategic business plan prepared in accordance with s. 420.511. The contract must provide that if the corporation fails to comply with a performance measure required by s. 420.511, the executive director shall notify the Governor and refer the nonperformance to the department’s inspector general for review and determination as to whether such failure is due to forces beyond the corporation’s control or whether such failure is due to inadequate management of the corporation’s resources. Advances shall continue to be made pursuant to s. 420.0005 during the pendency of the review. If such failure is due to outside forces, it may not be deemed a violation of the contract. If such failure is due to inadequate management, the department’s inspector general shall provide recommendations regarding solutions. The Governor may resolve differences of opinion with respect to performance under the contract and may request that advances continue in the event of a failure under the contract due to inadequate management. The Chief Financial Officer shall approve the request absent a finding by the Chief Financial Officer that continuing such advances would adversely impact the state; however, the Chief Financial Officer shall provide advances sufficient to meet the debt service requirements of the corporation and sufficient to fund contracts committing funds from the State Housing Trust Fund if such contracts are in accordance with the laws of this state.
History.s. 3, ch. 97-167; s. 2, ch. 98-56; s. 458, ch. 2003-261; s. 8, ch. 2011-189; s. 67, ch. 2012-96; s. 8, ch. 2013-83.
PART II
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
OF FLORIDA
420.101 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; creation, membership, and purposes.
420.102 Definitions.
420.111 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; additional powers.
420.112 Authorization for certain relationships.
420.123 Stockholders; loan requirement.
420.124 Stockholders; powers.
420.131 Articles of incorporation; method of amending.
420.141 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; deposits and examination.
420.161 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; period of existence; method of dissolution.
420.171 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; tax privileges and fiscal year.
420.101 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; creation, membership, and purposes.
(1) Twenty-five or more persons, a majority of whom shall be residents of this state, who may desire to create a housing development corporation under the provisions of this part for the purpose of promoting and developing housing and advancing the prosperity and economic welfare of the state and, to that end, to exercise the powers and privileges hereinafter provided, may be incorporated by filing in the Department of State, as hereinafter provided, articles of incorporation. The articles of incorporation shall contain:
(a) The name of the corporation, which shall include the words “Housing Development Corporation of Florida.”
(b) The location of the principal office of the corporation. The corporation may have offices in such other places within the state as may be fixed by the board of directors.
(c) The purposes for which the corporation is founded, which shall be:
1. To mobilize capital;
2. To finance new or rehabilitated housing, particularly for persons of low or moderate income in the state;
3. To find new methods of providing subsidies for housing;
4. To encourage and assist, through loans, including loans at below-market interest rates, investments, or other business transactions, in the elimination of substandard housing in this state;
5. To rehabilitate and assist existing housing, and so to stimulate and assist in the expansion of all kinds of housing activity which will tend to promote the development of new or rehabilitated housing and improve the standard of living of the low-income and moderate-income citizens of this state;
6. To cooperate and act in conjunction with other organizations, public or private, in the promotion and advancement of housing developments in this state;
7. To provide financing for the construction of all kinds of housing activity in this state, particularly for low-income and moderate-income citizens; and
8. To make, service, and manage home equity conversion mortgages to assist elderly citizens.
(d) The names and post office addresses of the members of the first board of directors. The first board of directors shall be elected by and from the stockholders of the corporation and shall consist of 21 members. However, five of such members shall consist of the following persons, who shall be nonvoting members: the executive director of the Department of Economic Opportunity or her or his designee; the head of the Department of Financial Services or her or his designee with expertise in banking matters; a designee of the head of the Department of Financial Services with expertise in insurance matters; one state senator appointed by the President of the Senate; and one representative appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
(e) Any provision which the incorporators may choose to insert for the regulation of the business and for the conduct of the affairs of the corporation and any provision creating, dividing, limiting, and regulating the powers of the corporation, the directors, stockholders, or any class of the stockholders, including, but not limited to, a list of the officers, and provisions governing the issuance of stock certificates to replace lost or destroyed certificates.
(f) The amount of the authorized capital stock and the number of shares into which it is divided, the par value of each share, and the amount of capital with which it will commence business; if there is more than one class of stock, a description of the different classes; and the names and post office addresses of the subscribers of stock and the number of shares subscribed by each. The aggregate of the subscription shall be the minimum amount of capital with which the corporation shall commence business, which shall not be less than $100,000. The articles of incorporation may also contain any provision consistent with the laws of this state for the regulation of the affairs of the corporation.
(2) The articles of incorporation shall be in writing, subscribed by not less than nine natural persons competent to contract, acknowledged by each of the subscribers before an officer authorized to take acknowledgments, and filed with the Department of State for approval. A duplicate copy so subscribed and acknowledged may also be filed.
(3) The articles of incorporation shall recite that the corporation is organized under the provisions of this chapter. The Department of State shall not approve articles of incorporation for a corporation organized under this part until a total of at least 15 national banks, federal savings and loan associations, state banks, savings banks, industrial savings banks, domestic building and loan associations, or insurance companies authorized to do business within this state, or any combination thereof, have agreed in writing to become stockholders of the corporation. The written agreement shall be filed with the Department of State with the articles of incorporation, and the filing of same shall be a condition precedent to the approval of the articles of incorporation by the Department of State.
(4) Whenever the articles of incorporation have been filed in the Department of State and approved by it and all filing fees and taxes prescribed by part I of chapter 607 have been paid, the subscribers and their successors and assigns shall constitute a corporation, and the corporation shall then be authorized to commence business, and stock thereof to the extent herein or hereafter duly authorized may from time to time be issued.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; s. 4, ch. 79-9; s. 8, ch. 79-176; s. 1, ch. 80-108; s. 2, ch. 84-251; s. 2, ch. 84-274; s. 2, ch. 84-344; s. 76, ch. 97-103; s. 459, ch. 2003-261; s. 325, ch. 2011-142; s. 65, ch. 2012-96; s. 43, ch. 2014-209.
420.102 Definitions.As used in this part, the following words and terms have the following meanings unless the context indicates another or different meaning or intent:
(1) “Board of directors” means the board of directors of the corporation created pursuant to this part.
(2) “Consortium” means two or more mortgagees who jointly negotiate and agree to provide home equity conversion plans to elderly homeowners, on agreed-upon terms and conditions.
(3) “Consumer housing cooperative” means a corporation incorporated pursuant to the provisions of the Florida General Corporation Law.
(4) “Corporation,” as used in this part, means the Florida Housing Development Corporation created pursuant to this part.
(5) “Development costs” means the costs which have been approved by the Florida Housing Finance Corporation as appropriate expenditures, including but not limited to:
(a) Legal, organizational, marketing, and administrative expenses;
(b) Payment of fees for preliminary feasibility studies and advances for planning, engineering, and architectural work;
(c) Expenses for surveys as to need and market analyses;
(d) Necessary application and other fees to federal and other government agencies; and
(e) Such other expenses as the Florida Housing Finance Corporation may deem appropriate to effectuate the purposes of this chapter.
(6) “Financial institution” means any banking corporation or trust company, savings and loan association, insurance company, or related corporation, partnership, foundation, or other institution engaged primarily in lending or investing funds.
(7) “Home equity conversion mortgage” means a reverse mortgage loan made to an elderly homeowner which is secured by a lien on real property.
(8) “Lending institution” means a mortgage lender, including any bank or trust company, savings bank, national banking association, state or federal savings and loan association, or building and loan association maintaining an office in this state or any insurance company authorized to transact business in this state or a corporation composed of such institutions.
(9) “Low-income or moderate-income persons” means families and persons who cannot afford, as defined by federal law, to pay the amounts at which private enterprise is providing a substantial supply of decent, safe, and sanitary housing and fall within income limitations set by the Florida Housing Finance Corporation in its rules.
(10) “Nonprofit housing corporation” means a nonprofit housing corporation incorporated pursuant to the provisions of Florida law relating to corporations not for profit.
(11) “Project” means a specific work or improvement, including land, buildings, improvements, real and personal property, or any interest therein, acquired, owned, constructed, reconstructed, rehabilitated, or improved with the financial assistance of the Florida Housing Finance Corporation, including the construction of low-income and moderate-income housing facilities and facilities incident or appurtenant thereto, such as streets, sewers, utilities, parks, site preparation, landscaping, and such other administrative, community, and recreational facilities as the Florida Housing Finance Corporation determines to be necessary, convenient, or desirable appurtenances.
(12) “Real property” means lands, structures, franchises, and interests in land, including lands under water and riparian rights, space and air rights, and any and all other interests and rights usually included within such term. Real property also means and includes any and all interests in such property less than full title, such as easements, incorporeal hereditaments, and every estate, interest, or right, legal or equitable, including terms for years and liens thereon by way of judgments, mortgages, or otherwise, and also all claims for damages for such real estate.
(13) “Secured loan” means a loan secured by a mortgage or a security interest in a project.
(14) “State” means the State of Florida.
(15) “Stockholder” means any financial institution authorized to do business within this state which undertakes to lend money to the corporation created pursuant to this part, upon its call, and in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; ss. 1, 4, ch. 76-249; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 84-251; s. 21, ch. 88-376; s. 73, ch. 2000-153; s. 5, ch. 2000-342.
Note.Former s. 420.011.
420.111 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; additional powers.In furtherance of its purposes and in addition to the powers now or hereafter conferred on business corporations by part I of chapter 607, the corporation shall, subject to the restrictions and limitations contained in this section, have the following powers:
(1) To elect, appoint, and employ officers, agents and employees and to make contracts and incur liabilities for any of the purposes of the corporation, except that the corporation may not incur any secondary liability by way of guaranty or endorsement of the obligations of any person, firm, corporation, joint-stock company, association, or trust, or in any other manner.
(2) To borrow money from its stockholders, other financial institutions, and state and federal agencies for any of the purposes of the corporation; to issue therefor its bonds, debentures, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness, whether secured or unsecured, and to secure the same by mortgage, pledge, deed of trust, or other lien on its property, franchises, rights, and privileges of every kind and nature, or any part thereof or interest therein, without securing stockholder approval.
(3) To make loans to any person, firm, corporation, joint-stock company, association, or trust and to regulate the terms and conditions with respect to any such loans and the charges for interest and service connected therewith, provided subsidies may be in the form of below market interest rates or such other assistance as determined by the board with the concurrence of the applicable regulatory agencies governing the several stockholder industries.
(4) To purchase, receive, hold, lease, or otherwise acquire, and to sell, convey, transfer, lease, or otherwise dispose of, real and personal property, together with such rights and privileges as may be incidental and appurtenant thereto and the use thereof, including, but not restricted to, any real or personal property acquired by the corporation from time to time in the satisfaction of debts or enforcement of obligations.
(5) For the purposes of foreclosure, to acquire the good will, business, rights, real and personal property, and other assets, or any part thereof, or interest therein, of any persons, firms, corporations, joint-stock companies, associations or trusts, and to assume, undertake, or pay the obligations, debts and liabilities of any such person, firm, corporation, joint-stock company, association or trust; to acquire improved or unimproved real estate for the purpose of constructing new housing or rehabilitation thereof; for the purposes of disposing of such real estate to others for the construction of housing or rehabilitation thereof; and to acquire, construct or reconstruct, alter, repair, maintain, operate, sell, convey, transfer, lease, or otherwise dispose of such housing, provided, however that nothing herein contained shall authorize the acquisition, construction, reconstruction, or operation of any public lodging establishment as defined in chapter 509.
(6) To acquire, subscribe for, own, hold, sell, assign, transfer, mortgage, pledge, or otherwise dispose of the stock, shares, bonds, debentures, notes, or other securities and evidences of interest in, or indebtedness of, any person, firm, corporation, joint-stock company, association, or trust, and, while the owner or holder thereof, to exercise all the rights, powers, and privileges of ownership, including the right to vote thereon.
(7) To mortgage, pledge, or otherwise encumber any property, right, or thing of value, acquired pursuant to the powers contained in subsection (4), subsection (5), or subsection (6), as security for the payment of any part of the purchase price thereof.
(8) To cooperate with, and avail itself of the facilities of, the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Economic Opportunity, and any other similar local, state, or Federal Government agency; and to cooperate with and assist, and otherwise encourage, organizations in the various communities of the state on the promotion, assistance, and development of the housing and economic welfare of such communities or of this state or any part thereof.
(9) To do all acts and things necessary or convenient to carry out the powers expressly granted in this part.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; s. 5, ch. 79-9; s. 9, ch. 79-176; s. 45, ch. 81-167; s. 48, ch. 83-55; s. 35, ch. 83-216; s. 326, ch. 2011-142; s. 44, ch. 2014-209.
420.112 Authorization for certain relationships.Notwithstanding any rule at common law or any provision of any general or special law or any provision in their respective charters, agreements of association, articles of organization, or trust indentures:
(1) All persons, including all domestic corporations organized for the purpose of carrying on business within this state, and further including without implied limitation public utility companies and foreign corporations licensed to do business within this state, all financial institutions as defined herein, and all trusts, are authorized to acquire, purchase, hold, sell, assign, transfer, mortgage, pledge, or otherwise dispose of any bonds, securities, or other evidences of indebtedness created by the corporation, all without the approval of any regulatory authority of the state except as otherwise provided in this part.
(2) All financial institutions are authorized to become stockholders of the corporation and to make loans to the corporation as provided herein.
(3) Each financial institution which becomes a stockholder of the corporation is hereby authorized, as an owner of capital stock, to exercise all the rights, powers, and privileges of ownership, including the right to vote thereon, all without the approval of any regulatory authority of the state, except as provided herein.
(4) The amount of capital stock of the corporation which any stockholder is authorized to acquire pursuant to the authority granted herein is in addition to the amount of capital stock in corporations which such stockholder may otherwise be authorized to acquire.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172.
420.123 Stockholders; loan requirement.
(1) Any financial institution may request membership in the corporation by making application to the board of directors on such form and in such manner as the board of directors may require, and membership shall become effective upon acceptance of the application in the manner designated by the board. Each member stockholder of the corporation shall make loans to the corporation as and when called upon by it to do so on such terms and other conditions as shall be approved from time to time by the board of directors, except that the total amount outstanding on loans to the corporation made by any member at any one time, when added to the amount of the investment in the capital stock of the corporation then held by such member, shall not exceed the following limit, to be determined as of the time such member becomes a member on the basis of the audited balance sheet of such member at the close of its fiscal year immediately preceding its application for membership or, in the case of an insurance company, its last annual statement to the Office of Insurance Regulation of the Financial Services Commission: 5 percent of the capital and surplus of commercial banks and trust companies; 5 percent of the total outstanding loans made by savings and loan associations and building and loan associations; 5 percent of the capital and unassigned surplus of stock insurance companies, except fire insurance companies; 5 percent of the unassigned surplus of mutual insurance companies, except fire insurance companies; 0.2 percent of the assets of fire insurance companies; and such limits as may be approved by the board of directors of the corporation for other financial institutions.
(2) Each call made by the corporation shall be prorated among the members of the corporation in substantially the same proportion that the adjusted loan limit of each member bears to the aggregate of the adjusted loan limits of all members, except that the amount, if any, prorated to a member shall be based upon the member’s concurrence with the proposed duration of the loan and financial ability to make a loan to the corporation as determined by the member at the time of the call. The adjusted loan limit of a member shall be the amount of such member’s loan limit, reduced by the balance of outstanding loans made by it to the corporation and the investment in capital stock of the corporation held by such member at the time of the call.
(3) All loans to the corporation by members shall be evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness of the corporation, which shall be freely transferable at all times, and which shall bear interest at a rate determined by the board of directors.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; s. 10, ch. 79-176; s. 2, ch. 80-108; s. 460, ch. 2003-261.
420.124 Stockholders; powers.The stockholders of the corporation shall have the following powers of the corporation:
(1) To make, amend, and repeal bylaws.
(2) To amend the charter as provided in s. 420.131.
(3) To dissolve the corporation as provided in s. 420.161.
(4) To do all things necessary or desirable to secure aid, assistance, loans, and other financing from any financial institution and from any similar government agency.
(5) To exercise such other of the powers of the corporation consistent with this chapter as may be conferred on the stockholders by the bylaws. As to all matters requiring action by the stockholders of the corporation, said stockholders shall vote separately thereon, and, except as otherwise herein provided, such matters shall require the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes to which the stockholders present or represented at the meeting shall be entitled.

Each stockholder shall have one vote, in person or by proxy, for each share of capital stock held by her or him.

History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; s. 77, ch. 97-103.
420.131 Articles of incorporation; method of amending.
(1) The articles of incorporation may be amended by the vote of the stockholders of the corporation, and such amendments shall require approval by the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the votes to which the stockholders shall be entitled. However, no amendment of the articles of incorporation which is inconsistent with the general purposes expressed herein or which eliminates or curtails the right of the Department of Financial Services to examine the corporation or the obligation of the corporation to make reports as provided in s. 420.141(2) shall be made.
(2) Within 30 days after any meeting at which an amendment to the articles of incorporation has been adopted, articles of amendment signed and sworn to by the president, treasurer, and a majority of the directors setting forth such amendment and due adoption thereof shall be submitted to the Department of State, which shall examine them and if it finds that they conform to the requirements of this part, shall so certify and endorse its approval thereon.
(3) The articles of amendment shall be filed in the office of the Department of State, and no such amendment shall take effect until such articles of amendment shall have been filed as aforesaid.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; s. 461, ch. 2003-261.
420.141 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; deposits and examination.
(1) The corporation shall not deposit any of its funds in any financial institution unless such institution has been designated as a depository by the vote of the majority of the directors present at an authorized meeting of the board of directors, exclusive of any director who is an officer or director of the depository so designated. The corporation shall not receive money on deposit.
(2) The corporation shall be examined at least once annually by the Office of Financial Regulation of the Financial Services Commission and shall make reports of its condition not less than annually to the office, and more frequently upon call of the office, which in turn shall make copies of such reports available to the Office of Insurance Regulation of the Financial Services Commission and the Governor; and the corporation shall also furnish such other information as may from time to time be required by the Office of Financial Regulation and the Department of State. The Office of Financial Regulation shall exercise the same power and authority over the corporation organized pursuant to this part as is exercised over financial institutions under the provisions of the financial institutions codes, when such codes are not in conflict with this chapter.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; s. 201, ch. 92-303; s. 462, ch. 2003-261.
420.161 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; period of existence; method of dissolution.
(1) The period of duration of the corporation shall be perpetual, subject, however, to the right of the stockholders and the members to dissolve the corporation as provided in subsection (2).
(2) The corporation may, upon the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the votes to which the stockholders are entitled, dissolve the corporation as provided under part I of chapter 607, as long as that part does not conflict with this act. Upon any dissolution of the corporation, the corporation’s assets may not be distributed to the stockholders until all sums due the members of the corporation as creditors thereof have been paid in full.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172; s. 149, ch. 77-104; s. 45, ch. 2014-209.
420.171 Housing Development Corporation of Florida; tax privileges and fiscal year.
(1) Any tax exemptions, tax credits, or tax privileges granted to banks, savings and loan associations, and trust companies by the general laws of the state are granted to the corporation organized pursuant to this chapter.
(2) The corporation organized under this chapter shall adopt the calendar year as its fiscal year.
History.s. 1, ch. 72-172.
PART III
LOW-INCOME EMERGENCY
HOME REPAIR PROGRAM
420.36 Low-income Emergency Home Repair Program.
420.36 Low-income Emergency Home Repair Program.There is established within the Department of Economic Opportunity the Low-income Emergency Home Repair Program to assist low-income persons, especially the elderly and physically disabled, in making emergency repairs which directly affect their health and safety.
(1) As used in this section, the term:
(a) “Grantee” means a local public or private nonprofit agency currently receiving funds from the department to conduct a weatherization assistance program in one or more counties or a public or nonprofit agency chosen as outlined in subparagraph (4)(c)4.
(b) “Subgrantee” means a local public or private nonprofit agency experienced in weatherization, emergency repairs, or rehabilitation of housing.
(2) A person is eligible to receive assistance if that person has an income in relation to that person’s family size which is at or below 125 percent of the poverty level as specified annually in the federal Office of Management and Budget Poverty Guidelines. Eligible persons over 60 years of age and eligible persons who are physically disabled shall be given priority in the program.
(3)(a) Allowable repairs, including materials and labor, which may be charged under the program include:
1. Correcting deficiencies in support beams, load-bearing walls, and floor joists.
2. Repair or replacement of unsafe or nonfunctional space heating or water heating systems.
3. Egress or physically disabled accessibility repairs, improvements, or assistive devices, including wheelchair ramps, steps, porches, handrails, or other health and safety measures.
4. Plumbing, pump, well, and line repairs to ensure safe drinking water and sanitary sewage.
5. Electrical repairs.
6. Repairs to deteriorating walls, floors, and roofs.
7. Other interior and exterior repairs as necessary for the health and safety of the resident.
(b) Administrative expenses may not exceed 10 percent of the total grant funds.
(c) Each grantee shall be required to provide an in-kind or cash match of at least 20 percent of the funds granted. Grantees and subgrantees shall be encouraged to use community resources to provide such match, including family, church, and neighborhood volunteers and materials provided by local groups and businesses. Grantees shall coordinate with local governments through their community development block grant entitlement programs and other housing programs, local housing partnerships, and agencies under contract to a lead agency for the provisions of services under the Community Care for the Elderly Act, ss. 430.201-430.207.
(4)(a) Funds appropriated to the department for the program shall be deposited in the Federal Grants Trust Fund. Administrative and personnel costs incurred by the department in implementing the provisions of this section may be paid from the fund.
(b) The grantee may subgrant these funds to a subgrantee if the grantee is unable to serve all of the county or the target population. Grantee and subgrantee eligibility shall be determined by the department.
(c) Funds shall be distributed to grantees and subgrantees as follows:
1. For each county, a base amount of at least $3,000 shall be set aside from the total funds available, and such amount shall be deducted from the total amount appropriated by the Legislature.
2. The balance of the funds appropriated by the Legislature shall be divided by the total poverty population of the state, and this quotient shall be multiplied by each county’s share of the poverty population. That amount plus the base of at least $3,000 constitutes each county’s share. A grantee that serves more than one county shall receive the base amount plus the poverty population share for each county to be served. Contracts with grantees may be renewed annually.
3. The funds allocated to each county shall be offered first to an existing weatherization assistance program grantee in good standing, as determined by the department, which can provide services to the target population of low-income persons, low-income elderly persons, and low-income physically disabled persons throughout the county.
4. If a weatherization assistance program grantee is not available to serve the entire county area, the funds shall be distributed through the following process:
a. An announcement of funding availability shall be provided to the county. The county may elect to administer the program.
b. If the county elects not to administer the program, the department shall establish rules to address the selection of one or more public or private not-for-profit agencies that are experienced in weatherization, rehabilitation, or emergency repair to administer the program.
5. If no eligible agency agrees to serve a county, the funds for that county shall be distributed to grantees having the best performance record as determined by department rule. At the end of the contract year, any uncontracted or unexpended funds shall be returned to the Federal Grants Trust Fund and reallocated under the next year’s contracting cycle.
(5) The department may perform all actions appropriate and necessary to carry out the purposes of this section, including, but not limited to:
(a) Entering into contracts and agreements with the Federal Government, agencies of the state, local governments, or any person, association, corporation, or entity.
(b) Seeking and accepting funding from any public or private source.
(c) Adopting and enforcing rules consistent with this section.
History.s. 18, ch. 92-317; s. 43, ch. 95-418; s. 66, ch. 96-418; s. 48, ch. 2005-71; s. 14, ch. 2007-6; s. 327, ch. 2011-142; s. 4, ch. 2014-47.
PART IV
NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSING
REHABILITATION PROGRAMS
420.421 Short title.
420.422 Legislative findings.
420.423 Policy and purpose.
420.424 Definitions.
420.426 Eligible applicants.
420.427 Project eligibility.
420.428 Eligible activities.
420.429 Authority of the department.
420.421 Short title.Sections 420.421-420.429 may be cited as the “Neighborhood Housing Services Act.”
History.s. 1, ch. 79-259.
420.422 Legislative findings.The Legislature finds that:
(1) A substantial number of housing units in this state are in deteriorating condition, many residents are living in dwelling units which do not conform to applicable local codes and ordinances that are intended to ensure the health and safety of the occupants, and this condition impedes the development and conservation of healthy, safe, and viable communities in this state.
(2) Deteriorating housing contributes to the decline of neighborhoods and the surrounding areas, causes a reduction of the value of property comprising the tax base of local communities, and eventually requires the expenditures of disproportionate amounts of public funds for health, social services, and police protection to prevent the development of slums and the social and economic disruption found in slum communities.
(3) The rehabilitation of suitable housing will increase its economic life, is more economical and less disruptive than replacement of the housing and the relocation of its occupants, can better promote community development when conducted through organized housing rehabilitation programs, and is essential to promote sound community development in this state.
(4) The rehabilitation of housing will result in the conservation of energy and environmental resources through the installation of insulation and through discouraging the inefficient use of energy and environmental resources caused by low-density sprawl in undeveloped areas.
(5) Unless the problems of deteriorating housing and the accompanying problems associated with the decline of neighborhoods and surrounding areas and the loss of valuable property from the tax base are addressed, the health, safety, and welfare of the residents of the affected communities and of this state will be detrimentally affected.
(6) The amount of public resources currently available or likely to be available for the rehabilitation and maintenance of marginal or substandard residential units in this state is grossly inadequate.
(7) If significant progress is to be made in adequately reducing or eliminating substandard housing in this state, it is imperative that the resources of the private sector be urged to assist in the rehabilitation of housing.
(8) A partnership of state and local public agencies with the private sector to coordinate and optimize their respective resources is critical to any serious effort to conserve and protect the state’s increasingly valuable stock of existing housing.
(9) The neighborhood housing services program of the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation has proven itself to be a highly effective mechanism for rehabilitating housing and revitalizing declining neighborhoods by combining public resources with private resources.
(10) The creation, continuation, and expansion of neighborhood housing services programs among the municipalities and counties of this state will serve the interests of the citizens of this state.
History.s. 2, ch. 79-259; s. 1, ch. 85-265.
420.423 Policy and purpose.It is the policy of this state to provide a necessary means to prevent the deterioration of housing, the decline of neighborhoods and surrounding areas, and the inefficient use of energy and environmental resources associated with such deterioration and decline. The purpose of ss. 420.421-420.429 is to assist local governments in participating in a cooperative program with the private sector to deliver effective and continuing support to declining neighborhoods in order to reverse that decline and restore the health and vitality of such neighborhoods. The Legislature, therefore, declares that the rehabilitation of housing to facilitate the preservation and revitalization of neighborhoods, the development of healthy, safe, and viable communities in this state, and all the purposes of ss. 420.421-420.429 are public purposes for which public money may be borrowed, expended, loaned, and granted.
History.s. 3, ch. 79-259; s. 2, ch. 85-265.
420.424 Definitions.As used in ss. 420.421-420.429:
(1) “Department” means the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(2) “Local government” means any county or incorporated municipality within this state.
(3) “Neighborhood housing services corporation” means a private, nonprofit, community-based corporation organized under the laws of this state to develop and administer local neighborhood housing services.
(4) “Neighborhood housing services project” means a program developed by the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation and implemented locally by neighborhood housing services corporations to stimulate reinvestment in a defined neighborhood.
(5) “Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation” means a corporation or its successor sponsored by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Reserve, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the National Credit Union Administration for the purpose of creating a partnership between the private sector, government, and citizens to undertake the rehabilitation and revitalization of declining residential neighborhoods.
(6) “Rehabilitation” means the repair, renovation, reconstruction, or other improvement of housing to restore that housing to a sound condition or to ensure that the housing can be maintained in that condition or to improve the general utility and attractiveness of such housing.
History.s. 4, ch. 79-259; s. 47, ch. 81-167; s. 50, ch. 83-55; s. 3, ch. 85-265; s. 51, ch. 93-120; s. 328, ch. 2011-142.
420.426 Eligible applicants.To receive a grant, an applicant must:
(1) Be a local government within this state;
(2) Be able to demonstrate a clear need for the financial assistance made available through ss. 420.421-420.429; and
(3) Be certified by the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation as a participant.
History.s. 6, ch. 79-259; s. 4, ch. 85-265.
420.427 Project eligibility.
(1) Grants may be provided to local governments for:
(a) A newly incorporated neighborhood housing services corporation project;
(b) An expansion of an existing neighborhood housing services corporation project to include new geographical areas; and
(c) A continuation of an existing neighborhood housing services corporation project, but only if at least one-third of the total operating budget for the grant year is funded by the private sector.
(2) Each individual project of a local government having one or more projects within its jurisdiction is eligible for funding.
(3) In no case shall more than $150,000 be granted to a local government for projects within its jurisdiction within a 12-month period.
History.ss. 8, 9, ch. 79-259; s. 5, ch. 85-265.
420.428 Eligible activities.Grant recipients may use grant funds made available pursuant to ss. 420.421-420.429 to:
(1) Pay the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation for the fee charged to develop a neighborhood housing services corporation, which fee, if refunded, may be used for any eligible activity;
(2) Fund the operation of a neighborhood housing services corporation by payment of salaries and other administrative expenses, as approved by the department; and
(3) Fund a revolving high-risk loan fund which is administered by a neighborhood housing services corporation to finance the rehabilitation of property in the corporation’s targeted area.
History.s. 7, ch. 79-259; s. 6, ch. 85-265.
420.429 Authority of the department.The department shall have all the powers necessary to carry out the purposes and provisions of ss. 420.421-420.429. The department may:
(1) Make contracts and agreements with the Federal Government, other agencies of the state, any other public agency, or any other person, association, corporation, local government, or other entity in exercising its powers and performing its duties under ss. 420.421-420.429.
(2) Seek and accept funding from any public or private source.
(3) Adopt and enforce rules not inconsistent with ss. 420.421-420.429 for the administration of the Neighborhood Housing Services Grant Program.
(4) Assist in training employees of local governments and local agencies to help achieve and increase their capacity to administer community conservation programs and provide technical assistance and advice to local governments and local agencies involved with neighborhood housing services programs.
History.s. 10, ch. 79-259; s. 53, ch. 93-120.
PART V
FLORIDA HOUSING FINANCE CORPORATION
420.501 Short title.
420.502 Legislative findings.
420.503 Definitions.
420.504 Public corporation; creation, membership, terms, expenses.
420.505 Meetings; quorum; voting.
420.506 Executive director; agents and employees; inspector general.
420.5061 Transfer of agency assets and liabilities.
420.507 Powers of the corporation.
420.508 Special powers; multifamily and single-family projects.
420.5087 State Apartment Incentive Loan Program.
420.5088 Florida Homeownership Assistance Program.
420.5089 HOME Investment Partnership Program; HOME Investment Partnership Fund.
420.509 Revenue bonds.
420.5092 Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program.
420.5093 State Housing Tax Credit Program.
420.5095 Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program.
420.5099 Allocation of the low-income housing tax credit.
420.51 State and local government not liable on bonds or notes.
420.511 Strategic business plan; long-range program plan; annual report; audited financial statements.
420.512 Conflicts of interest.
420.513 Exemption from taxes and eligibility as investment.
420.514 Corporate existence.
420.515 Inconsistent provisions of other laws superseded.
420.516 Discrimination prohibited.
420.517 Affordable housing and job training coordination.
420.521 Short title.
420.522 Legislative findings.
420.523 Purpose.
420.524 Definitions relating to Predevelopment Loan Program Act.
420.525 Housing Predevelopment Fund.
420.526 Predevelopment Loan Program; loans and grants authorized; activities eligible for support.
420.527 Criteria for determining threshold compliance.
420.528 Rules; summary required with annual report.
420.529 Default by sponsor.
420.5295 Applicability.
420.531 Affordable Housing Catalyst Program.
420.55 Housing; response to disasters.
420.501 Short title.This act may be cited as the “Florida Housing Finance Corporation Act.”
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 4, ch. 97-167.
420.502 Legislative findings.It is hereby found and declared as follows:
(1) The costs of developing, operating, and maintaining multifamily rental housing have increased substantially and have thereby contributed to the new construction of such units being less than that necessary for an adequate supply; the conversion of apartment units to condominiums has also contributed to this condition, and the availability of rental housing has become a significant problem in the state.
(2) There exist presently and periodically serious economic dislocations in the construction and building trade industry, resulting in substantial unemployment, business losses, and bankruptcies, a general deterioration of the economic well-being of Florida residents, and a need to assist and implement welfare-to-work transitioning initiatives to coordinate with state and federal policies.
(3) One major cause of these conditions has been periodic shortages of funds from private sources and failures due to disintermediation in the federal system of financial intermediaries, which shortages have contributed to reductions in construction of new residential housing and have made the sale and purchase of existing residential housing a virtual impossibility in certain parts of the state.
(4) There also exists a serious shortage of decent, safe, and sanitary housing in the state available to persons and families of low, moderate, and middle income, which impairs the economic value of larger areas, characterized by depreciated value, impaired investments, reduced capacity to pay taxes, and lack of new development to meet the needs of area residents, and which is a menace to the health, safety, morals, and welfare of the citizens of the state.
(5) It is necessary to create inducements and opportunities for private and public investment in such activities in this state with appropriate planning, land use, and construction policies necessary for the public welfare.
(6) A stable supply of adequate funds for housing financing is required to encourage the construction and reconstruction of new and rehabilitated housing in an orderly and sustained manner and, thereby, to meet the shortage and reduce the results thereof.
(7) It is necessary to create a state housing finance corporation to encourage the investment of private capital in residential housing through the use of public financing to deal with the problem of disintermediation, to stimulate the construction and rehabilitation of residential housing, to facilitate the purchase and sale of existing residential housing, to provide construction and mortgage loans for projects, and to make loans to and purchase mortgage loans from private lending institutions, each on a quantifiable, measurable basis providing sufficient, clear evidence of the corporation’s goals and its success in achieving the goals.
(8) It is necessary to create new programs to stimulate the construction and substantial rehabilitation of rental housing for eligible persons and families.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 4, ch. 88-376; s. 5, ch. 97-167.
420.503 Definitions.As used in this part, the term:
(1) “Affordable housing debt” means debt issued by or loans made to the corporation, counties, municipalities, or other public agencies of this state or not-for-profit corporations or for-profit entities for the purpose of providing affordable housing to residents of the state.
(2) 1“Agency” means the 1Florida Housing Finance Agency as it exists before January 1, 1998, and thereafter as previously existing under state law.
(3) “Authorized investments” means any of the following securities:
(a) Investments permitted under s. 215.47(1) and (2), without regard to any limitation set forth therein.
(b) Investment agreements the issuer of which is rated or the guarantor of which is rated in one of the three highest rating categories by a nationally recognized rating service.
(4) “Bond” means any bond, debenture, note, or other evidence of financial indebtedness issued by the corporation under and pursuant to this act.
(5) “Commercial fishing worker” means a laborer who is employed on a seasonal, temporary, or permanent basis in fishing in salt water or fresh water and who derived at least 50 percent of her or his income in the immediately preceding 12 months from such employment. The term includes a person who has retired as a laborer due to age, disability, or illness. In order to be considered retired due to age, a person must be 50 years of age or older and must have been employed for a minimum of 5 years as a commercial fishing worker. In order to be considered retired due to disability or illness, a person must:
(a) Establish medically that she or he is unable to be employed as a commercial fishing worker due to that disability or illness; and
(b) Establish that she or he was previously employed as a commercial fishing worker.
(6) “Community-based organization” means a private corporation organized under chapter 617 to assist in the provision of housing-related services on a not-for-profit basis within a designated area, which may include a municipality, a county, or more than one municipality or county.
(7) “Community housing development organization” means a nonprofit organization that has among its purposes the provision of affordable housing for low-income families and moderate-income families, maintains accountability to low-income community residents, has demonstrated the capacity to carry out affordable housing activities, and has a history of serving the local community.
(8) “Contract” means the contract between the executive director of the department and the corporation for provision of housing services referenced in s. 420.0006.
(9) “Contribution” means a gift, subscription, conveyance, deposit, loan, payment, or distribution of money or anything of value, including contributions in kind having an attributable monetary value in any form, made directly or indirectly for the purpose of influencing an election.
(10) “Corporation” means the Florida Housing Finance Corporation.
(11) “Covered employee” means those corporation employees designated by rule of the corporation.
(12) “Department” means the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(13) “Development costs” means the sum total of all costs incurred in the development of a project which are approved by the corporation as reasonable and necessary. Such costs may include, but are not limited to:
(a) The cost of acquiring real property and any buildings thereon, including payments for options, deposits, or contracts to purchase properties.
(b) The cost of site preparation, demolition, and development.
(c) Any expenses relating to the issuance of the bonds of the corporation.
(d) Fees in connection with the planning, execution, and financing of the project, such as those of architects, engineers, attorneys, accountants, and the corporation.
(e) The cost of studies, surveys, plans, permits, insurance, interest, financing, tax and assessment costs, and other operating and carrying costs during construction, rehabilitation, or reconstruction of the project.
(f) The cost of the construction, rehabilitation, and equipping of the project.
(g) The cost of land improvements, such as landscaping and offsite improvements, whether such costs are paid in cash, property, or services.
(h) Expenses in connection with initial occupancy of the project.
(i) A reasonable profit-and-risk fee in addition to job overhead to the general contractor and, if applicable, the sponsor.
(j) Allowances established by the corporation for working capital, contingency reserves, and reserves for any anticipated operating deficits during the first 2 years after completion of the project.
(k) The cost of such other items, including relocation costs, indemnity and surety bonds, premiums on insurance, and fees and expenses of trustees, depositories, and paying agents for the corporation’s bonds, as the corporation shall determine to be reasonable and necessary for the development of the project.
(14) “Division” means the Division of Bond Finance of the State Board of Administration.
(15) “Elderly” means persons 62 years of age or older; however, this definition 2does not prohibit housing from being deemed housing for the elderly as defined in subsection (19) if such housing otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (19).
(16) “Eligible housing provider” means a for-profit developer or not-for-profit developer or a community housing development organization having demonstrated the capacity to construct or rehabilitate affordable housing.
(17) “Eligible persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, irrespective of race, creed, national origin, or sex, determined by the corporation pursuant to a rule to be of low, moderate, or middle income. Such determination shall not preclude any person or family earning up to 150 percent of the state or county median family income from participating in programs. Persons 62 years of age or older shall be defined as eligible persons regardless of income. In determining the income standards of eligible persons for its various programs, the corporation may take into account the following factors:
(a) Requirements mandated by federal law.
(b) Variations in circumstances in the different areas of the state.
(c) Whether the determination is for rental housing or homeownership purposes.
(d) The need for family size adjustments to accomplish the purposes set forth in this act.
(18)(a) “Farmworker” means a laborer who is employed on a seasonal, temporary, or permanent basis in the planting, cultivating, harvesting, or processing of agricultural or aquacultural products and who derived at least 50 percent of her or his income in the immediately preceding 12 months from such employment.
(b) “Farmworker” includes a person who has retired as a laborer due to age, disability, or illness. In order to be considered retired as a farmworker due to age under this part, a person must be 50 years of age or older and must have been employed for a minimum of 5 years as a farmworker before retirement. In order to be considered retired as a farmworker due to disability or illness, a person must:
1. Establish medically that she or he is unable to be employed as a farmworker due to that disability or illness.
2. Establish that she or he was previously employed as a farmworker.
(c) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) and (b), when corporation-administered funds are used in conjunction with United States Department of Agriculture Rural Development funds, the term “farmworker” may mean a laborer who meets, at a minimum, the definition of “domestic farm laborer” as found in 7 C.F.R. s. 3560.11, as amended. The corporation may establish additional criteria by rule.
(19) “Housing for the elderly” means, for purposes of s. 420.5087(3)(e), any nonprofit housing community that is financed by a mortgage loan made or insured by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development under s. 202, s. 202 with a s. 8 subsidy, s. 221(d)(3) or (4), or s. 236 of the National Housing Act, as amended, and that is subject to income limitations established by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, or any program funded by the Rural Development Agency of the United States Department of Agriculture and subject to income limitations established by the United States Department of Agriculture. A project which qualifies for an exemption under the Fair Housing Act as housing for older persons as defined by s. 760.29(4) shall qualify as housing for the elderly for purposes of s. 420.5087(3)(e) and for purposes of any loans made pursuant to s. 420.508. In addition, if the corporation adopts a qualified allocation plan pursuant to s. 42(m)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code or any other rules that prioritize projects targeting the elderly for purposes of allocating tax credits pursuant to s. 420.5099 or for purposes of the HOME program under s. 420.5089, a project which qualifies for an exemption under the Fair Housing Act as housing for older persons as defined by s. 760.29(4) shall qualify as a project targeted for the elderly, if the project satisfies the other requirements set forth in this part.
(20) “Lending institution” means any bank or trust company, mortgage banker, savings bank, credit union, national banking association, savings and loan association, building and loan association, insurance company, the Florida Housing Development Corporation, or other financial institution or governmental agency authorized to transact business in this state and which customarily provides service or otherwise aids in the financing of mortgages on real property located in the state.
(21) “Loan,” for purposes of the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program and HOME Investment Partnership Program, means any direct loan or loan guaranty issued or backed by such funds.
(22) “Local government” means a unit of local general-purpose government as defined in s. 218.31(2).
(23) “Local partnership” means a formally constituted group, including representatives of local government, lenders, developers, nonprofit organizations, realtors, social service providers, and other entities in the community which are involved with the development of affordable housing.
(24) “Members” means the members of the board of directors of the corporation.
(25) “Moderate rehabilitation” means repair or restoration of a dwelling unit when the value of such repair or restoration is 40 percent or less of the value of the dwelling unit but not less than $10,000.
(26) “Mortgage” means:
(a) A mortgage, mortgage deed, deed of trust, or other instrument:
1. Creating a lien, subject only to such title exceptions as may be acceptable to the corporation, on a fee interest in real property located within the state or on a leasehold on such a fee interest which has a remaining term at the time of computation that exceeds the maturity date of the mortgage loan by a number of years determined by the corporation to be sufficient to protect its interests; and
2. Secured, insured, or guaranteed in such manner as the corporation determines will protect its interests and those of the bondholders; or
(b) A pledge of stock in a cooperative association and a security interest in the related lease.
(27) “Mortgage loan” means a financial obligation secured by a mortgage.
(28) “Nonparticipating local jurisdiction” means a locality which is not a participating local jurisdiction.
(29) “Officers” means the chair, vice chair, and secretary of the board of directors of the corporation.
(30) “Participating local jurisdiction” means a locality which has accrued at least $750,000 in HOME funds through the federal formula allocation process or which has supplemented its formula allocation by processes approved by the Federal Government to equal $750,000.
(31) “Pledged revenues” means revenues to be derived from the financing of residential housing, mortgages, or loan payments and any other revenues or assets that may be legally available to pay the principal of, redemption premium, if any, and interest on the bonds derived from sources other than ad valorem taxation, including revenues from other sources or any combination thereof and any funds or accounts designated by the corporation; however, in no event shall the full faith and credit of the state be pledged to secure such revenue bonds.
(32) “Prohibited business solicitation communication” means a private written or verbal communication between a member, officer, or covered employee of the corporation and a service provider regarding the merits of the service provider and whether the corporation should retain the services of the service provider. The term does not include:
(a) A verbal communication made on the record during a public meeting;
(b) A written communication provided to each member and officer of the corporation and made part of the record at a public meeting;
(c) A written proposal or statement of qualifications submitted to the corporation in response to a corporation advertisement seeking proposals or statements of qualifications as part of a competitive selection process.
(d) A verbal or written communication related to the contractual responsibilities of a service provider who was selected to provide services or who was included in a pool of service providers eligible to provide services as a result of a competitive selection process, so long as the communication does not relate to solicitation of business.
(e) A verbal or written communication related to a proposed method of financing or proposed projects, so long as the communication does not relate to solicitation of business.
(33) “Project” means any work or improvement located or to be located in the state, including real property, buildings, and any other real and personal property, designed and intended for the primary purpose of providing decent, safe, and sanitary residential housing for persons or families, whether new construction, the acquisition of existing residential housing, or the remodeling, improvement, rehabilitation, or reconstruction of existing housing, together with such related nonhousing facilities as the corporation determines to be necessary, convenient, or desirable.
(34) “Real property” means all lands, including improvements and fixtures thereon and property of any nature appurtenant thereto or used in connection therewith, and every estate, interest, and right, legal or equitable, therein, including terms of years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage, or otherwise and the indebtedness secured by such liens.
(35) “Residential housing” means one or more new or existing residential dwelling units located or to be located in the state, including any buildings, land, improvements, equipment, facilities, or other real or personal properties which are necessary in connection therewith, including, but not limited to, related facilities for streets, sewers, and utilities.
(36) “Service provider,” except as otherwise defined in s. 420.512(5), means a law firm, investment bank, certified public accounting firm, auditor, trustee bank, credit underwriter, homeowner loan servicer, or any other provider of services to the corporation which offers to perform or performs services to the corporation or other provider for fees in excess of $35,000 in the aggregate during any fiscal year of the corporation. The term includes the agents, officers, principals, and professional employees of the service provider.
(37) “Services” means the professional services normally provided by the service provider. The term includes, but is not limited to, the services of bond and special counsel, auditor, accountant, trustee bank, and master servicer.
(38) “Sponsor” means any individual, association, corporation, joint venture, partnership, trust, local government, or other legal entity or any combination thereof which:
(a) Has been approved by the corporation as qualified to own, construct, acquire, rehabilitate, reconstruct, operate, lease, manage, or maintain a project; and
(b) Except for a local government, has agreed to subject itself to the regulatory powers of the corporation.
(39) “State” means the State of Florida.
(40) “State Board of Administration” means the State Board of Administration created by and referred to in s. 4, Art. IV of the State Constitution.
(41) “State Housing Trust Fund” means the trust fund established pursuant to s. 420.0005.
(42) “Substantial rehabilitation” means repair or restoration of a dwelling unit where the value of such repair or restoration exceeds 40 percent of the value of the dwelling.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 1, ch. 81-51; s. 4, ch. 82-197; s. 1, ch. 83-238; s. 26, ch. 86-192; s. 2, ch. 87-106; s. 5, ch. 88-376; s. 5, ch. 89-121; s. 309, ch. 92-279; s. 20, ch. 92-317; s. 55, ch. 92-326; s. 22, ch. 93-181; s. 78, ch. 97-103; s. 6, ch. 97-167; s. 3, ch. 98-56; s. 2, ch. 99-348; s. 21, ch. 99-378; s. 3, ch. 2001-143; s. 28, ch. 2001-201; s. 71, ch. 2002-1; s. 15, ch. 2006-69; s. 21, ch. 2009-96; s. 7, ch. 2011-15; s. 329, ch. 2011-142; s. 16, ch. 2011-189; s. 63, ch. 2012-96; s. 77, ch. 2013-15; s. 1, ch. 2016-210.
1Note.The Florida Housing Finance Agency was replaced by the Florida Housing Finance Corporation pursuant to s. 7, ch. 97-167.
2Note.As amended by s. 28, ch. 2001-201. The amendment by s. 3, ch. 2001-143, uses the words “shall not be deemed to prohibit” instead of the words “does not prohibit.”
420.504 Public corporation; creation, membership, terms, expenses.
(1) A public corporation and a public body corporate and politic, to be known as the “Florida Housing Finance Corporation,” is created within the Department of Economic Opportunity. It is declared to be the intent of and constitutional construction by the Legislature that the Florida Housing Finance Corporation constitutes an entrepreneurial public corporation organized to provide and promote the public welfare by administering the governmental function of financing or refinancing housing and related facilities in this state and that the corporation is not a department of the executive branch of state government within the scope and meaning of s. 6, Art. IV of the State Constitution, but is functionally related to the Department of Economic Opportunity in which it is placed. The executive function of state government to be performed by the executive director of the Department of Economic Opportunity in the conduct of the business of the Florida Housing Finance Corporation must be performed pursuant to a contract to monitor and set performance standards for the implementation of the business plan for the provision of housing approved for the corporation as provided in s. 420.0006. This contract must include performance standards for the provision of affordable housing in this state established in the strategic business plan described in s. 420.511.
(2) The corporation is constituted as a public instrumentality, and the exercise by the corporation of the power conferred by this act is considered to be the performance of an essential public function. The corporation is an agency for the purposes of s. 120.52 and is a state agency for purposes of s. 159.807(4). The corporation is subject to chapter 119, subject to exceptions applicable to the corporation, and to the provisions of chapter 286; however, the corporation shall be entitled to provide notice of internal review committee meetings for competitive proposals or procurement to applicants by mail, facsimile, or publication on an Internet website, rather than by means of publication. The corporation is not governed by chapter 607 or chapter 617, but by the provisions of this part. If for any reason the establishment of the corporation is deemed in violation of law, such provision is severable and the remainder of this act remains in full force and effect.
(3) The corporation is a separate budget entity and is not subject to control, supervision, or direction by the Department of Economic Opportunity in any manner, including, but not limited to, personnel, purchasing, transactions involving real or personal property, and budgetary matters. The corporation shall consist of a board of directors composed of the executive director of the Department of Economic Opportunity as an ex officio and voting member, or a senior-level agency employee designated by the director, and eight members appointed by the Governor subject to confirmation by the Senate from the following:
(a) One citizen actively engaged in the residential home building industry.
(b) One citizen actively engaged in the banking or mortgage banking industry.
(c) One citizen who is a representative of those areas of labor engaged in home building.
(d) One citizen with experience in housing development who is an advocate for low-income persons.
(e) One citizen actively engaged in the commercial building industry.
(f) One citizen who is a former local government elected official.
(g) Two citizens of the state who are not principally employed as members or representatives of any of the groups specified in paragraphs (a)-(f).
(4)(a) Members of the corporation shall be appointed for terms of 4 years, except that any vacancy shall be filled for the unexpired term.
(b) Subject to removal or reinstatement of the member by the Senate, the Governor may suspend a member for cause, including, but not limited to, failure to attend at least 3 meetings of the board during any 12-month period.
(5) The chair and a vice chair shall be elected annually by the members thereof. Any additional officers, who need not be members, as may be deemed necessary by the members of the corporation may be designated and elected by the members thereof.
(6) A member of the board of directors of the corporation shall receive no compensation for his or her services but shall be entitled to the necessary expenses, including per diem and travel expenses, incurred in the discharge of his or her duties, as provided by law.
(7) Each member of the board of directors of the corporation shall file full and public disclosure of financial interests at the times and places and in the same manner required of elected constitutional officers under s. 8, Art. II of the State Constitution and any law implementing s. 8, Art. II of the State Constitution.
(8) The corporation is a corporation primarily acting as an instrumentality of the state, within the meaning of s. 768.28.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 48, ch. 81-167; s. 51, ch. 83-55; s. 19, ch. 85-265; s. 6, ch. 88-376; s. 7, ch. 93-181; s. 1, ch. 96-332; s. 1045, ch. 97-103; s. 7, ch. 97-167; ss. 4, 17, ch. 98-56; s. 49, ch. 2003-1; s. 71, ch. 2005-2; s. 10, ch. 2007-198; s. 330, ch. 2011-142; s. 9, ch. 2011-189; s. 9, ch. 2013-83.
420.505 Meetings; quorum; voting.The powers of the corporation shall be vested in the members of its board of directors in office from time to time. Five members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the purpose of conducting its business and exercising its powers and for all other purposes. Action may be taken by the board upon an affirmative vote of a majority of the members present, provided that no action shall be taken by an affirmative vote of less than four members.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 8, ch. 97-167.
420.506 Executive director; agents and employees; inspector general.
(1) The appointment and removal of an executive director shall be by the executive director of the Department of Economic Opportunity, with the advice and consent of the corporation’s board of directors. The executive director shall employ legal and technical experts and such other agents and employees, permanent and temporary, as the corporation may require, and shall communicate with and provide information to the Legislature with respect to the corporation’s activities. Notwithstanding s. 216.262, the board may develop and implement rules regarding the employment of employees of the corporation and service providers, including legal counsel. The board is entitled to establish travel procedures and guidelines for employees of the corporation, subject to s. 112.061(6) and (7). The executive director’s office and the corporation’s files and records must be located in Leon County.
(2)(a) The appointment and removal of an inspector general shall be by the executive director, with the advice and consent of the corporation’s board of directors. The corporation’s inspector general shall perform for the corporation the functions set forth in s. 20.055. The inspector general shall administratively report to the executive director. The inspector general shall meet the minimum qualifications as set forth in s. 20.055(4). The corporation may establish additional qualifications deemed necessary by the board of directors to meet the unique needs of the corporation. The inspector general shall be responsible for coordinating the responsibilities set forth in s. 420.0006.
(b) Effective July 1, 2017, if the corporation enters into an employment agreement, or renewal or renegotiation of an existing contract or employment agreement with an inspector general or deputy inspector, the corporation may not offer a bonus on work performance in the contract or agreement and the awarding of such bonuses is prohibited.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 49, ch. 81-167; s. 52, ch. 83-55; s. 9, ch. 97-167; s. 58, ch. 2001-62; s. 11, ch. 2007-198; s. 331, ch. 2011-142; s. 10, ch. 2011-189; s. 10, ch. 2013-83; s. 2, ch. 2017-49.
420.5061 Transfer of 1agency assets and liabilities.The corporation is the legal successor in all respects to the 1agency, is obligated to the same extent as the 1agency under any agreements existing on December 31, 1997, and is entitled to any rights and remedies previously afforded the 1agency by law or contract, including specifically the rights of the 1agency under chapter 201 and part VI of chapter 159. Effective January 1, 1998, all references under Florida law to the 1agency are deemed to mean the corporation. The corporation shall transfer to the General Revenue Fund an amount which otherwise would have been deducted as a service charge pursuant to s. 215.20(1) if the Florida Housing Finance Corporation Fund established by s. 420.508(5), the State Apartment Incentive Loan Fund established by s. 420.5087(7), the Florida Homeownership Assistance Fund established by s. 420.5088(4), the HOME Investment Partnership Fund established by s. 420.5089(1), and the Housing Predevelopment Loan Fund established by s. 420.525(1) were each trust funds. For purposes of s. 112.313, the corporation is deemed to be a continuation of the 1agency, and the provisions thereof are deemed to apply as if the same entity remained in place. Any employees of the 1agency and 1agency board members covered by s. 112.313(9)(a)6. shall continue to be entitled to the exemption in that subparagraph, notwithstanding being hired by the corporation or appointed as board members of the corporation.
History.s. 10, ch. 97-167; s. 5, ch. 98-56; s. 16, ch. 2006-69; s. 12, ch. 2007-198.
1Note.The Florida Housing Finance Agency was replaced by the Florida Housing Finance Corporation pursuant to s. 7, ch. 97-167.
420.507 Powers of the corporation.The corporation shall have all the powers necessary or convenient to carry out and effectuate the purposes and provisions of this part, including the following powers which are in addition to all other powers granted by other provisions of this part:
(1) To sue and be sued, to have a seal, to alter the same at pleasure and to authorize the use of a facsimile thereof, and to make and execute contracts and other instruments necessary or convenient to the exercise of the powers of the corporation.
(2) To undertake and carry out studies and analyses of housing needs within the state and ways of meeting those needs.
(3) To participate in federal housing assistance and federal community development, insurance, and guarantee programs and to agree and comply with any conditions attached to federal financial assistance, including, without limitation, the waiver of exemption from federal income taxation on interest payable on its bonds, unless expressly prohibited by this act.
(4) To provide for the collection and payment of fees and charges, regardless of method of payment, in connection with its loans, commitments, and servicing, including, but not limited to, reimbursement of costs of financing by the corporation, service charges and insurance premiums as the corporation shall determine to be reasonable and as shall be approved by the corporation. The fees and charges may be paid directly by the borrower to the insurer, lender, or servicing agent or may be deducted from the interest collected by such insurer, lender, or servicing agent.
(5) To acquire real and personal property or any interest therein when such acquisition is necessary or appropriate to protect any loan or to participate in any program in which the corporation has an interest; to sell, transfer, and convey any such property to a buyer without regard to the provisions of chapters 253 and 270; and, in the event that such sale, transfer, or conveyance cannot be effected with reasonable promptness or at a reasonable price, to lease such property for occupancy.
(6) To borrow money through the issuance of bonds or from the Federal Home Loan Bank or Rural Housing Services of the United States Department of Agriculture for the purposes provided in this part, to provide for and secure the payment thereof, and to provide for the rights of the holders thereof.
(7) To purchase bonds of the corporation out of any funds or moneys of the corporation available therefor and to hold, cancel, or resell such bonds.
(8) To invest any funds held in reserves or sinking funds, or any funds not required for immediate disbursement, in such investments as may be authorized for trust funds under s. 215.47 and in any authorized investments, provided such investments will be made on behalf of the corporation by the State Board of Administration or by another trustee appointed for that purpose.
(9) To set standards for residential housing financed by the corporation under this chapter and to provide for inspections to determine compliance with those standards.
(10) To contract for and to accept gifts, grants, loans, or other aid from the United States Government or any person or corporation.
(11) To insure and procure insurance against any loss in connection with any bonds of the corporation and the corporation’s operations or property, including without limitation:
(a) The repayment of any loans to mortgage lenders or mortgage loans.
(b) Any project.
(c) Any bonds of the corporation, in such amounts and from such insurers, including the Federal Government, as it may deem necessary or desirable, and to pay any premiums therefor.
(12) To make rules necessary to carry out the purposes of this part and to exercise any power granted in this part pursuant to the provisions of chapter 120.
(13) To engage the services of private consultants on a contract basis for rendering professional and technical assistance and advice.
(14) To make additional conditions respecting the grant of loans or mortgage loans pursuant to this part, including, without limitation, the regulation of eligible persons and the admission of tenants and other occupants or users of projects and residential housing, and to enter into regulatory and other agreements and contracts under the provisions of this part.
(15) To institute any action or proceeding against any eligible person or sponsor receiving a loan or owning any residential housing financed under the provisions of this part in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce the provisions of this part or the terms and provisions of any agreement or contract between the corporation and such person and, in connection with any such action or proceeding, to apply for and accept the appointment, by a court of competent jurisdiction, of a receiver to take over, manage, operate, and maintain such residential housing.
(16) To procure or require the procurement of a policy or policies of group life insurance or disability insurance, or both, to insure repayment of mortgage loans for residential housing in the event of the death or disability of the eligible person or persons liable therefor, and to pay any premiums therefor.
(17) To renegotiate any mortgage loan or any purchase agreement with a borrower in default; to waive any default or consent to the modification of the terms of any mortgage loan or any purchase agreement; and to commence, prosecute, and enforce a judgment in any action or proceeding to protect or enforce any right conferred upon it by law, mortgage loan, loan agreement or purchase agreement, contract, or other agreement, including without limitation foreclosure of the security interest on the property securing such a mortgage loan; provided that any such action or proceeding shall be brought in the name of the entity servicing the mortgage loan on behalf of the corporation and not in the name of the corporation, and in connection with any such proceeding, to bid for and purchase the property or acquire or take possession thereof and, in such event, complete, administer, pay the principal of and interest on any obligations incurred in connection with the property and dispose of and otherwise deal with the property in such manner as the corporation may deem advisable to protect its interests therein.
(18) To make and execute contracts for the administration, servicing, or collection of any mortgage loan or loan agreement or purchase agreement with a mortgage lender or servicing agent for the duration of the loan or agreement and pay the reasonable value of services rendered to the corporation pursuant to such contracts. The fees and charges for such services may be paid directly by the borrower to the lender or servicing agent or may be deducted from the interest collected by such lender or servicing agent.
(19) To fix, revise from time to time, charge, and collect fees and other charges in connection with the making of mortgage loans, the purchasing of mortgage loans, and any other services rendered by the corporation.
(20) To make and execute agreements, contracts, and other instruments necessary or convenient in the exercise of the powers and functions of the corporation under this part, including contracts with any person, firm, corporation, local government, or other entity; and all local governments established under the laws of the state are hereby authorized to enter into and do all things necessary to perform such contracts and otherwise cooperate with the corporation to facilitate the accomplishment of the purposes of this part.
(21) Review all reverse mortgage provisions proposed to be used by an individual lender or a consortium to determine that such provisions are consistent with the purposes and intent of this act. If the corporation finds that the provisions are consistent, it shall approve those provisions. If the corporation finds that the provisions are inconsistent, it shall state its objections and give the parties an opportunity to amend the provisions to overcome such objections. In approving these provisions, the corporation must determine:
(a) That the mortgagee is licensed pursuant to part II of chapter 494 or specifically exempt from part III of chapter 494.
(b) That the mortgagee has sufficient resources to finance such mortgages.
(22) To develop and administer the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program. In developing and administering that program, the corporation may:
(a) Make first, second, and other subordinated mortgage loans including variable or fixed rate loans subject to contingent interest for all State Apartment Incentive Loans provided in this chapter based upon available cash flow of the projects. The corporation shall make loans exceeding 25 percent of project cost only to nonprofit organizations and public bodies that are able to secure grants, donations of land, or contributions from other sources and to projects meeting the criteria of subparagraph 1. Mortgage loans shall be made available at the following rates of interest:
1. Zero to 3 percent interest for sponsors of projects that set aside at least 80 percent of their total units for residents qualifying as farmworkers, commercial fishing workers, the homeless as defined in s. 420.621, or persons with special needs as defined in s. 420.0004(13) over the life of the loan.
2. Zero to 3 percent interest based on the pro rata share of units set aside for homeless residents or persons with special needs if the total of such units is less than 80 percent of the units in the borrower’s project.
3. One to 9 percent interest for sponsors of projects targeted at populations other than farmworkers, commercial fishing workers, homeless persons, or persons with special needs.
(b) Make loans exceeding 25 percent of project cost when the project serves extremely-low-income persons or projects as provided in paragraph (d).
(c) Forgive indebtedness for a share of the loan attributable to the units in a project reserved for extremely-low-income persons.
(d) In counties or rural areas of counties that do not have existing units set aside for homeless persons, forgive indebtedness for loans provided to create permanent rental housing units for persons who are homeless, as defined in s. 420.621(5), or for persons residing in time-limited transitional housing or institutions as a result of a lack of permanent, affordable housing. Such developments must be supported by a local homeless assistance continuum of care developed under s. 420.624, be developed by nonprofit applicants, be small properties as defined by corporation rule, and be a project in the local housing assistance continuum of care plan recognized by the State Office on Homelessness.
(e) Geographically and demographically target the utilization of loans.
(f) Underwrite credit, and reject projects which do not meet the established standards of the corporation.
(g) Negotiate with governing bodies within the state after a loan has been awarded to obtain local government contributions.
(h) Inspect any records of a sponsor at any time during the life of the loan or the agreed period for maintaining the provisions of s. 420.5087.
(i) Establish, by rule, the procedure for competitively evaluating and selecting all applications for funding based on the criteria set forth in s. 420.5087(6)(c), determining actual loan amounts, making and servicing loans, and exercising the powers authorized in this subsection.
(j) Establish a loan loss insurance reserve to be used to protect the outstanding program investment in case of a default, deed in lieu of foreclosure, or foreclosure of a program loan.
(23) To develop and administer the Florida Homeownership Assistance Program. In developing and administering the program, the corporation may:
(a)1. Make subordinated loans to eligible borrowers for down payments or closing costs related to the purchase of the borrower’s primary residence.
2. Make permanent loans to eligible borrowers related to the purchase of the borrower’s primary residence.
3. Make subordinated loans to nonprofit sponsors or developers of housing for purchase of property, for construction, or for financing of housing to be offered for sale to eligible borrowers as a primary residence at an affordable price.
(b) Establish a loan loss insurance reserve to supplement existing sources of mortgage insurance with appropriated funds.
(c) Geographically and demographically target the utilization of loans.
(d) Defer repayment of loans for the term of the first mortgage.
(e) Establish flexible terms for loans with an interest rate not to exceed 3 percent per annum and which are nonamortizing for the term of the first mortgage.
(f) Require repayment of loans upon sale, transfer, refinancing, or rental of secured property, unless otherwise approved by the corporation.
(g) Accelerate a loan for monetary default, for failure to provide the benefits of the loans to eligible borrowers, or for violation of any other restriction placed upon the loan.
(h) Adopt rules for the program and exercise the powers authorized in this subsection.
(24) To do any and all things necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of, and exercise the powers given and granted in, this part.
(25) To develop and administer the Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program. In developing and administering the program, the corporation may:
(a) Develop criteria for determining the priority for expending the moneys in the State Housing Trust Fund.
(b) Select affordable housing debt to be guaranteed or additionally secured by amounts on deposit in the Affordable Housing Guarantee Fund.
(c) Adopt rules for the program and exercise the powers authorized in this subsection.
(26) To develop and administer the Predevelopment Loan Program. In developing and administering the program, the corporation may make loans and grants as provided in ss. 420.521-420.529.
(27) Notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 282 and part I of chapter 287, to establish guidelines for and to implement the purchase and procurement of materials and services for use by the corporation.
(28) To expend amounts advanced from the State Housing Trust Fund for the purposes of this part.
(29) To own real and personal property for the purposes of this part, to mortgage such property, and to sell the property without regard to the provisions of chapters 253 and 270.
(30) To prepare and submit to the executive director of the department a budget request for purposes of the corporation, which request shall, notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 216 and in accordance with s. 216.351, contain a request for operational expenditures and separate requests for other authorized corporation programs. The request need not contain information on the number of employees, salaries, or any classification thereof, and the approved operating budget therefor need not comply with s. 216.181(8)-(10). The executive director may include within the department’s budget request the corporation’s budget request in the form as authorized by this section.
(31) Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 216.301, to retain any unused operational expenditure appropriation for other lawful purposes of the corporation.
(32) To pay pensions and establish pension plans, pension trusts, and benefit and incentive plans for any and all of its current or former employees and agents.
(33) To receive federal funding in connection with the corporation’s programs directly from the Federal Government and to receive federal funds for which no corresponding program has been created in statute and establish selection criteria for such funds by request for proposals or other competitive solicitation.
(34) To establish the corporation’s fiscal year.
(35) To preclude from further participation in any of the corporation’s programs, any applicant or affiliate of an applicant which has made a material misrepresentation or engaged in fraudulent actions in connection with any application for a corporation program.
(36) To provide for the development of infrastructure improvements and rehabilitation primarily in connection with residential housing consistent with the applicable local government comprehensive plan.
(37) To provide by rule, in connection with any corporation competitive program, for the reservation of future allocation or funding to provide a remedy for a litigant which is ultimately successful in its litigation regarding a competitive application, and to establish a date certain by which, if litigation is not resolved, the successful litigant will be funded from a subsequent year’s available allocation or funding.
(38) To designate private activity allocation for tax-exempt bonds received by the corporation pursuant to part VI of chapter 159 between single-family and multifamily projects.
(39) To create recognition programs to honor individuals, community-based development organizations, units of local government, or others who have demonstrated the ideals of community stewardship and increased access to housing for low-income households, including their stewardship in economically distressed areas. Such programs may incorporate certificates of recognition by the Governor and may include presentation by the Governor or his or her representative.
(40) To establish subsidiary business entities for the purpose of taking title to and managing and disposing of property acquired by the corporation. Such subsidiary business entities shall be public business entities wholly owned by the corporation; shall be entitled to own, mortgage, and sell property on the same basis as the corporation; and shall be deemed business entities primarily acting as an agent of the state, within the meaning of s. 768.28, on the same basis as the corporation. Any subsidiary business entity created by the corporation shall be subject to chapters 119, 120, and 286 to the same extent as the corporation. The subsidiary business entities shall have authority to make rules necessary to conduct business and to carry out the purposes of this subsection.
(41) To conduct and fund, solely from funds derived from amounts other than those deposited into the State Housing Trust Fund, demonstration programs and projects which further the statutory purposes of the corporation, including the power to establish selection criteria by rule or by means of requests for proposals.
(42) To provide information, assistance, and facilities needed by the Affordable Housing Study Commission.
(43) To develop and administer the Affordable Housing Catalyst Program under s. 420.531.
(44) To adopt rules for the intervention and negotiation of terms or other actions necessary to further program goals or avoid default of a program loan. Such rules must consider fiscal program goals and the preservation or advancement of affordable housing for the state.
(45) To establish by rule requirements for periodic reporting of data, including, but not limited to, financial data, housing market data, detailed economic and physical occupancy on multifamily projects, and demographic data on all housing financed through corporation programs and for participation in a housing locator system.
(46) To require, as a condition of financing a multifamily rental project, that an agreement be recorded in the official records of the county where the real property is located, which requires that the project be used for housing defined as affordable in s. 420.0004(3) by persons defined in s. 420.0004(9), (11), (12), and (17). Such an agreement is a state land use regulation that limits the highest and best use of the property within the meaning of s. 193.011(2).
(47) To provide by rule, in connection with any corporation competitive program, criteria establishing, where all other competitive elements are equal, a preference for developers and general contractors who demonstrate the highest rate of Florida job creation in the development and construction of affordable housing.
(48) To award its annual allocation of low-income housing tax credits, nontaxable revenue bonds, and State Apartment Incentive Loan Program funds appropriated by the Legislature and available to allocate by request for proposals or other competitive solicitation. The corporation shall reserve up to 5 percent of each allocation for high-priority affordable housing projects, such as housing to support economic development and job-creation initiatives, housing for veterans and their families, and other special needs populations in communities throughout the state as determined by the corporation on an annual basis. The corporation shall reserve an additional 5 percent of each allocation for affordable housing projects that target persons who have a disabling condition, as defined in s. 420.0004, and their families. These allocations must prioritize projects or initiatives piloting or demonstrating cost-effective best practices that meet the housing needs and preferences of such persons. Any tax credits or funds not allocated because of a lack of eligible projects targeting persons who have a disabling condition shall be distributed by the corporation for high-priority housing projects.
(49) To adopt rules prescribing a priority to fund affordable housing projects in the Florida Keys Area of Critical State Concern and the City of Key West Area of Critical State Concern where, due to challenging environmental, land use, transportation, workforce, and economic factors, it is extremely difficult to successfully finance, develop, and construct affordable housing.
(50) To reserve a minimum of 5 percent of its annual appropriation from the State Housing Trust Fund for housing projects designed and constructed to serve persons who have a disabling condition, as defined in s. 420.0004, with first priority given to projects serving persons who have a developmental disability, as defined in s. 393.063. Funding shall be provided as forgivable loans through a competitive solicitation. Private nonprofit organizations whose primary mission includes serving persons with a disabling condition shall be eligible for these funds. In evaluating proposals for these funds, the corporation shall consider the extent to which funds from local and other sources will be used by the applicant to leverage the funds provided under this section; employment opportunities and supports that will be available to residents of the proposed housing; a plan for residents to effectively access community-based services, resources, and amenities; and partnerships with other supportive services agencies.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 3, ch. 84-251; s. 7, ch. 88-376; s. 6, ch. 89-121; s. 55, ch. 91-245; s. 21, ch. 92-317; s. 8, ch. 93-181; s. 11, ch. 97-167; s. 6, ch. 98-56; s. 75, ch. 2000-153; s. 10, ch. 2000-353; s. 59, ch. 2001-62; s. 29, ch. 2001-201; s. 3, ch. 2002-4; s. 2, ch. 2002-160; s. 18, ch. 2004-243; ss. 45, 53, ch. 2006-26; s. 17, ch. 2006-69; s. 13, ch. 2007-198; s. 22, ch. 2009-96; s. 1, ch. 2009-164; s. 65, ch. 2009-241; s. 8, ch. 2011-15; s. 11, ch. 2011-189; s. 64, ch. 2012-96; s. 4, ch. 2012-127; s. 4, ch. 2013-83; s. 2, ch. 2016-210.
420.508 Special powers; multifamily and single-family projects.The corporation shall have the special power to:
(1)(a) Purchase or take assignments of, and enter into commitments to purchase or to take assignments of, mortgage loans and promissory notes accompanying such mortgage loans (including participations therein) from lending institutions acting as a principal or as an agent of the corporation; provided, at or before the time of any such purchase or assignment, each lending institution shall represent and warrant to, and covenant with, the corporation with respect to each mortgage loan to be so purchased or assigned or in which the corporation is to purchase a participation that:
1. The unpaid principal balance of the mortgage loan and the interest rate thereon have been accurately stated to the corporation;
2. The amount of the unpaid principal balance is justly due and owing;
3. The lending institution has no notice of the existence of any counterclaim, offset, or defense asserted by the mortgagor or her or his successor in interest;
4. The mortgage loan is evidenced by a duly executed promissory note and a duly executed mortgage which has been properly recorded with the appropriate public official;
5. The mortgage constitutes a valid first lien on the real property described to the corporation, subject only to such title exceptions as are specifically described to the corporation and as are acceptable to the corporation;
6. The mortgagor is not in default in the payment of any installment of principal or interest, escrow funds, real property taxes, or otherwise in the performance of her or his obligations under the mortgage documents;
7. The improvements to the mortgaged real property are covered by a valid and subsisting policy of insurance issued by a company authorized to issue such policies in the state and providing fire and extended coverage in such amounts as the corporation may prescribe by rule;
8. The mortgage loan meets the prevailing investment quality standards for such mortgage loans in the state; and
9. Either:
a. The mortgage loan was originated after such date as the corporation shall have specified, for the purpose of selling or assigning such mortgage loan or a participation therein to the corporation, and was made to an eligible person to finance the construction, purchase, or refinancing of residential housing for occupancy by one to four families, all of whom are eligible persons and one of whom is the mortgagor; or
b. An amount at least equal to the aggregate proceeds received by the lending institution upon the sale or assignment will be invested by the lending institution in new mortgage loans originated after such date as the corporation shall specify and will be made to eligible persons to finance the construction, purchase, or refinancing of residential housing for occupancy by one to four families, all of whom are eligible persons and one of whom is the mortgagor.
(b) Provide, as a condition of any such purchase, that:
1. Each lending institution shall submit evidence satisfactory to the corporation of the making of the new mortgage loans to eligible persons and, in connection therewith, shall permit the corporation, through its members, employees, and agents, to inspect the books and records of the lending institution; and
2. Each lending institution shall be liable to the corporation for any damage suffered by the corporation by reason of the untruth of any representation or the breach of any warranty or covenant and, in the event that any representation shall prove to be untrue when made or in the event of any breach of warranty or covenant, the lending institution shall, at the option of the corporation, repurchase the mortgage loan for the original purchase price adjusted for amounts subsequently paid thereon, as the corporation may determine.
(c) Make and enter into contracts and agreements with lending institutions for the servicing and processing of mortgage loans purchased by the corporation pursuant to this section.
(d) Sell, at public or private sale, with or without public biddings, any mortgage or other obligation held by the corporation.
(2)(a) Make loans to lending institutions and purchase from lending institutions obligations issued by such lending institutions and secured by mortgages on residential housing or projects, upon such terms and conditions as the corporation may determine, which at a minimum shall include a requirement that an amount at least equal to the proceeds thereof be invested in new mortgage loans originated after such date as the corporation shall specify and be made to eligible persons to finance the construction, purchase, or refinancing of residential housing for occupancy by one to four families, all of whom are eligible persons and one of whom is the mortgagor, or be made to sponsors to finance the construction, purchase, or refinancing of projects for tenancy by eligible persons; however, under no circumstances shall any loan or mortgage be made for a term which is longer than the term of the bond, debenture, or note, the proceeds from which have funded the mortgage or loan.
(b) Require that loans to, or obligations purchased from, lending institutions shall be additionally secured as to payment of both principal and interest by a pledge of and lien upon collateral security in such amounts and consisting of such obligations, securities, and mortgage loans as the corporation shall by resolution determine to be necessary to assure the payment of such loans or securities purchased and the interest thereon as the same become due.
(c) Collect, enforce the collection of, and foreclose on any collateral security securing a loan made to, or an obligation purchased from, a lending institution and acquire or take possession of such collateral and sell the same at public or private sale, with or without public bidding, and otherwise deal with such collateral as may be necessary to protect the interest of the corporation therein, all subject to any agreement with the bondholders.
(d) Provide, as a condition of any such loan or purchase, that:
1. Each lending institution submit evidence satisfactory to the corporation of the making of the new mortgage loans to eligible persons or to sponsors to finance projects for tenancy by eligible persons and, in connection therewith, permit the corporation, through its members, employees, and agents, to inspect the books and records of such lending institution; and
2. Each lending institution be liable to the corporation for any damages suffered by the corporation by reason of the untruth of any representation or the breach of any warranty or covenant made in connection with any such loan or purchase.
(e) Adopt, modify, or repeal any additional conditions governing the making of loans to, or purchasing of obligations from, lending institutions and the application of the proceeds thereof.
(3)(a) Make and participate in the making of, and contract to make or participate in the making of, mortgage loans for permanent or construction financing to sponsors for the purposes of financing development costs of projects, provided each mortgage loan for a project made by the corporation shall:
1. Be evidenced by a properly executed note or other evidence of indebtedness and be secured by a properly recorded mortgage;
2. Provide for amortization to pay the mortgage loan in full not later than the expiration of the useful life of the property financed with the proceeds of the mortgage loan as determined by the corporation, and in any event not later than 45 years from the date of the mortgage loan;
3. Not exceed such percentage of the development costs as the corporation may determine pursuant to rule and, in any event, not more than 95 percent of the development costs;
4. If the mortgage loan is to provide financing for the construction of a project, have each advance thereof secured, insured, or guaranteed in such manner as the corporation determines will reasonably protect its interests and those of the bondholders;
5. Have the initial review, approval, and origination process accomplished by a lending institution in accordance with such procedure as the corporation may prescribe, which lending institution shall be paid such fees and charges for its services as the corporation may determine; and
6. Be serviced by such lending institution or other private entity engaged in the business of servicing mortgage loans in the state as the corporation shall approve in accordance with such procedures as the corporation may prescribe, which servicer shall be paid such fees and charges for its services as the corporation may determine.
(b) Make the following determinations, which must be made before the corporation may make a mortgage loan for a project:
1. That a significant number of low-income, moderate-income, or middle-income persons in the local government in which the project is to be located, or in an area reasonably accessible thereto, are subject to hardship in finding adequate, safe, and sanitary housing;
2. That private enterprise, unaided, is not meeting, and cannot reasonably be expected to meet, the need for such housing; and
3. That the need for such housing will be alleviated by providing the project.
(c) Adopt and from time to time modify or repeal rules for governing the making of and participation in loans to sponsors for projects to implement the powers authorized, and to achieve the purposes set forth, in this part.
(4) Sell, transfer, or otherwise encumber any loan made pursuant to this part.
(5) Establish with a qualified depository meeting the requirements of chapter 280, a separate fund to be known as the “Florida Housing Finance Corporation Fund,” to be administered by the corporation in accordance with the purposes of this chapter. All fees collected by the corporation directly from the Federal Government for administration of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development Section 8 housing program, all annual administrative fees collected by trustees for bond programs and remitted to the corporation, all expense fees related to costs of bond issuance collected by trustees and remitted to the corporation, and all tax credit program fees must be deposited into the fund. The fund shall be utilized for the purposes of the corporation, including payment of administrative expenses. Expenditures from the Florida Housing Finance Corporation Fund shall not be required to be included in the corporation’s budget request or be subject to appropriation by the Legislature.
(6) Establish, by rule, a procedure for evaluating, scoring, and competitively ranking all applications for private activity bond allocation in connection with multifamily projects financed under this part.
(7) Establish terms of mortgage loans funded pursuant to this part, including applicable security documents and limitations on sources and uses of funds.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 2, ch. 81-51; s. 2, ch. 83-238; s. 27, ch. 86-192; s. 79, ch. 97-103; s. 12, ch. 97-167; s. 76, ch. 2000-153; s. 3, ch. 2002-160.
420.5087 State Apartment Incentive Loan Program.There is hereby created the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program for the purpose of providing first, second, or other subordinated mortgage loans or loan guarantees to sponsors, including for-profit, nonprofit, and public entities, to provide housing affordable to very-low-income persons.
(1) Program funds shall be made available through a competitive solicitation process in a manner that meets the need and demand for very-low-income housing throughout the state. That need and demand must be determined by using the most recent statewide low-income rental housing market studies conducted every 3 years. However, at least 10 percent of the program funds, as calculated on an annual basis, must be made available to each of the following categories of counties as determined by using the population statistics published in the most recent edition of the Florida Statistical Abstract:
(a) Counties that have a population of 825,000 or more.
(b) Counties that have a population of more than 100,000 but less than 825,000.
(c) Counties that have a population of 100,000 or less.

Any increase in funding required to reach the 10-percent minimum shall be taken from the county category that has the largest portion of the funding. The corporation shall adopt rules that establish an equitable process for distributing any portion of the 10 percent of program funds made available to the county categories specified in this subsection which remains unallocated. Counties that have a population of 100,000 or less shall be given preference under these rules.

(2) The corporation shall have the power to underwrite and make state apartment incentive loans or loan guarantees to sponsors, provided:
(a) The sponsor uses tax-exempt financing for the first mortgage and at least 20 percent of the units in the project are set aside for persons or families who have incomes which meet the income eligibility requirements of s. 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended;
(b) The sponsor uses taxable financing for the first mortgage and at least 20 percent of the units in the project are set aside for persons or families who have incomes below 50 percent of the state or local median income, whichever is higher, which shall be adjusted by the corporation for family size; or
(c) The sponsor uses the federal low-income housing tax credit, and the project meets the tenant income eligibility requirements of s. 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

This subsection does not prohibit a tenant from qualifying under the income eligibility criteria of paragraph (a), paragraph (b), or paragraph (c) due to the tenant’s participation in a job training program approved by the corporation. Compliance with the provisions of this subsection must be contractually provided for the term of the loan or 12 years, whichever is longer; however, this subsection does not apply to loans made to housing communities for the elderly to provide for lifesafety, building preservation, health, sanitation, or security-related repairs or improvements. Such loans shall be subject to tenant income criteria established by corporation rule.

(3) During the first 6 months of loan or loan guarantee availability, program funds shall be made available for use by sponsors who provide the housing set-aside required in subsection (2) for the tenant groups designated in this subsection. The funds made available to each of these groups shall be determined using the most recent statewide very-low-income rental housing market study available at the time of publication of each notice of fund availability required by paragraph (6)(b). The funds made available within each notice of fund availability to the tenant groups in paragraphs (b)-(e) may not be less than 10 percent of the funds available at that time. Any increase in funding required to reach the required minimum must be taken from the tenant group that would receive the largest percentage of available funds in accordance with the study. The funds made available within each notice of fund availability to the tenant group in paragraph (a) may not be less than 5 percent of the funds available at that time. The tenant groups are:
(a) Commercial fishing workers and farmworkers;
(b) Families;
(c) Persons who are homeless;
(d) Persons with special needs; and
(e) Elderly persons. Ten percent of the amount made available for the elderly shall provide loans to sponsors of housing for the elderly for the purpose of making building preservation, health, or sanitation repairs or improvements which are required by federal, state, or local regulation or code, or lifesafety or security-related repairs or improvements to such housing. Such a loan may not exceed $750,000 per housing community for the elderly. In order to receive the loan, the sponsor of the housing community must make a commitment to match at least 5 percent of the loan amount to pay the cost of such repair or improvement. The corporation shall establish the rate of interest on the loan, which may not exceed 3 percent, and the term of the loan, which may not exceed 15 years; however, if the lien of the corporation’s encumbrance is subordinate to the lien of another mortgagee, then the term may be made coterminous with the longest term of the superior lien. The term of the loan shall be based on a credit analysis of the applicant. The corporation may forgive indebtedness for a share of the loan attributable to the units in a project reserved for extremely-low-income elderly by nonprofit organizations, as defined in s. 420.0004(5), where the project has provided affordable housing to the elderly for 15 years or more. The corporation shall establish, by rule, the procedure and criteria for receiving, evaluating, and competitively ranking all applications for loans under this paragraph. A loan application must include evidence of the first mortgagee’s having reviewed and approved the sponsor’s intent to apply for a loan. A nonprofit organization or sponsor may not use the proceeds of the loan to pay for administrative costs, routine maintenance, or new construction.
(4) Loans shall be in an amount not to exceed the lesser of 25 percent of the total project cost or the minimum amount required to make the project economically feasible; however, loans exceeding 25 percent of project cost may be made as provided in s. 420.507.
(5) The amount of the mortgage provided under this program combined with any other mortgage in a superior position shall be less than the value of the project without the housing set-aside required by subsection (2). However, the corporation may waive this requirement for projects in rural areas or urban infill areas which have market rate rents that are less than the allowable rents pursuant to applicable state and federal guidelines, and for projects which reserve units for extremely-low-income persons. In no event shall the mortgage provided under this program combined with any other mortgage in a superior position exceed total project cost.
(6) On all state apartment incentive loans, except loans made to housing communities for the elderly to provide for lifesafety, building preservation, health, sanitation, or security-related repairs or improvements, the following provisions shall apply:
(a) The corporation shall establish two interest rates in accordance with s. 420.507(22)(a)1. and 3.
(b) The corporation shall publish a notice of fund availability in a publication of general circulation throughout the state. Such notice shall be published at least 60 days prior to the application deadline and shall provide notice of the availability of funds established in subsection (3).
(c) The corporation shall provide by rule for the establishment of a review committee for the competitive evaluation and selection of applications submitted in this program, including, but not limited to, the following criteria:
1. Tenant income and demographic targeting objectives of the corporation.
2. Targeting objectives of the corporation which will ensure an equitable distribution of loans between rural and urban areas.
3. Sponsor’s agreement to reserve the units for persons or families who have incomes below 50 percent of the state or local median income, whichever is higher, for a time period that exceeds the minimum required by federal law or this part.
4. Sponsor’s agreement to reserve more than:
a. Twenty percent of the units in the project for persons or families who have incomes that do not exceed 50 percent of the state or local median income, whichever is higher; or
b. Forty percent of the units in the project for persons or families who have incomes that do not exceed 60 percent of the state or local median income, whichever is higher, without requiring a greater amount of the loans as provided in this section.
5. Provision for tenant counseling.
6. Sponsor’s agreement to accept rental assistance certificates or vouchers as payment for rent.
7. Projects requiring the least amount of a state apartment incentive loan compared to overall project cost, except that the share of the loan attributable to units serving extremely-low-income persons must be excluded from this requirement.
8. Local government contributions and local government comprehensive planning and activities that promote affordable housing.
9. Project feasibility.
10. Economic viability of the project.
11. Commitment of first mortgage financing.
12. Sponsor’s prior experience.
13. Sponsor’s ability to proceed with construction.
14. Projects that directly implement or assist welfare-to-work transitioning.
15. Projects that reserve units for extremely-low-income persons.
16. Projects that include green building principles, storm-resistant construction, or other elements that reduce long-term costs relating to maintenance, utilities, or insurance.
17. Job-creation rate of the developer and general contractor, as provided in s. 420.507(47).
(d) The corporation may reject any and all applications.
(e) The corporation may approve and reject applications for the purpose of achieving geographic targeting.
(f) The review committee established by corporation rule pursuant to this subsection shall make recommendations to the board of directors of the corporation regarding program participation under the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program. The corporation board shall make the final decisions regarding which applicants shall become program participants based on the scores received in the competitive process, further review of applications, and the recommendations of the review committee. The corporation board shall approve or reject applications for loans and shall determine the tentative loan amount available to each applicant selected for participation in the program. The actual loan amount shall be determined pursuant to rule adopted pursuant to s. 420.507(22)(i).
(g) The loan term shall be for a period of not more than 15 years; however, if both a program loan and federal low-income housing tax credits are to be used to assist a project, the corporation may set the loan term for a period commensurate with the investment requirements associated with the tax credit syndication. The term of the loan may also exceed 15 years; however, if the lien of the corporation’s encumbrance is subordinate to the lien of another mortgagee, then the term may be made coterminous with the longest term of the superior lien. The corporation may renegotiate and extend the loan in order to extend the availability of housing for the targeted population. The term of a loan may not extend beyond the period for which the sponsor agrees to provide the housing set-aside required by subsection (2).
(h) The loan shall be subject to sale, transfer, or refinancing. The sale, transfer, or refinancing of the loan shall be consistent with fiscal program goals and the preservation or advancement of affordable housing for the state.
(i) The discrimination provisions of s. 420.516 shall apply to all loans.
(j) The corporation may require units dedicated for the elderly.
(k) Rent controls shall be set at the income set-aside levels committed to by the sponsor at the applicable income limitations established by the corporation for federal low-income tax credits.
(l) The proceeds of all loans shall be used for new construction, moderate rehabilitation, or substantial rehabilitation which creates or preserves affordable, safe, and sanitary housing units.
(m) Sponsors shall annually certify the adjusted gross income of all persons or families qualified under subsection (2) at the time of initial occupancy, who are residing in a project funded by this program. All persons or families qualified under subsection (2) may continue to qualify under subsection (2) in a project funded by this program if the adjusted gross income of those persons or families at the time of annual recertification meets the requirements established in s. 142(d)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. If the annual recertification of persons or families qualifying under subsection (2) results in noncompliance with income occupancy requirements, the next available unit must be rented to a person or family qualifying under subsection (2) in order to ensure continuing compliance of the project. The corporation may waive the annual recertification if 100 percent of the units are set aside as affordable.
(n) Upon submission and approval of a marketing plan which demonstrates a good faith effort of a sponsor to rent a unit or units to persons or families reserved under subsection (3) and qualified under subsection (2), the sponsor may rent such unit or units to any person or family qualified under subsection (2) notwithstanding the reservation.
(o) Sponsors may participate in federal mortgage insurance programs and must abide by the requirements of those programs. If a conflict occurs between the requirements of federal mortgage insurance programs and the requirements of this section, the requirements of federal mortgage insurance programs shall take precedence.
(7) There is authorized to be established by the corporation with a qualified public depository meeting the requirements of chapter 280 a separate fund to be named the “State Apartment Incentive Loan Fund,” which shall be administered by the corporation according to the provisions of this program. Any amounts held in the State Apartment Incentive Loan Trust Fund for such purpose as of January 1, 1998, must be transferred to the corporation for deposit in the State Apartment Incentive Loan Fund and the State Apartment Incentive Loan Trust Fund must be closed. There shall be deposited into the fund moneys from the State Housing Trust Fund as created by s. 420.0005, or moneys received from any other source, for the purpose of this program and all proceeds derived from the use of such moneys. In addition, all loan repayments, proceeds from the sale of any property, and any other proceeds that would otherwise accrue pursuant to the activities conducted under the provisions of the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program shall be deposited in the fund and shall not revert to the General Revenue Fund. Expenditures from the State Apartment Incentive Loan Fund shall not be required to be included in the corporation’s budget request or be subject to appropriation by the Legislature. If a loan commitment for program funds is entered into during the state fiscal year for which the program funds were appropriated, the funds shall continue to be made available for use during the entire construction period, even if it extends beyond the state fiscal year in which the loan commitment was entered.
(8) If a default on a loan occurs, the corporation may foreclose on any mortgage or security interest or commence any legal action to protect the interest of the corporation or the fund and recover the amount of the unpaid principal, accrued interest, and fees on behalf of the fund. The corporation may acquire real and personal property or any interest therein when that acquisition is necessary or appropriate to protect any loan; to sell, transfer, and convey any such property to a buyer without regard to the provisions of chapters 253 and 270; and, if that sale, transfer, or conveyance cannot be effected within a reasonable time, to lease such property for occupancy by eligible persons. All sums recovered from the sale, transfer, conveyance, or lease of such property shall be deposited into the State Apartment Incentive Loan Fund.
(9) The corporation is authorized to accept payment of deferred program interest at an interest rate that is consistent with rates currently authorized under this section, if the deferred interest is paid in not more than five equal annual installments, subject to the qualifications contained in this subsection.
(10)(a) Notwithstanding subsection (3), for the 2016-2017 fiscal year, the reservation of funds for the tenant groups within each notice of fund availability shall be:
1. Not less than 10 percent of the funds available at that time for the following tenant groups:
a. Families;
b. Persons who are homeless;
c. Persons with special needs; and
d. Elderly persons.
2. Not less than 5 percent of the funds available at that time for the commercial fishing workers and farmworkers tenant group.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section for the 2016-2017 fiscal year, the corporation shall issue a notice of funds availability of $20 million for loans to construct workforce housing to serve primarily low-income persons, as defined in s. 420.0004, and, in the Florida Keys Area of Critical State Concern, to serve households with incomes not to exceed 140 percent of area median income when strategies are included in the local housing assistance plan to serve these households.
(c) This subsection expires July 1, 2017.
History.s. 8, ch. 88-376; s. 7, ch. 89-121; s. 40, ch. 89-294; s. 2, ch. 90-192; s. 5, ch. 91-27; s. 5, ch. 91-429; s. 22, ch. 92-317; s. 9, ch. 93-181; s. 1, ch. 95-383; s. 13, ch. 97-167; s. 7, ch. 98-56; s. 22, ch. 99-378; s. 5, ch. 2001-98; s. 4, ch. 2002-160; s. 1, ch. 2005-54; s. 1, ch. 2005-102; ss. 46, 53, ch. 2006-26; s. 18, ch. 2006-69; s. 14, ch. 2007-198; s. 12, ch. 2009-20; s. 23, ch. 2009-96; s. 9, ch. 2011-15; s. 12, ch. 2011-189; s. 5, ch. 2012-127; s. 78, ch. 2013-15; s. 5, ch. 2013-83; s. 106, ch. 2014-17; s. 11, ch. 2014-18; s. 68, ch. 2015-222; s. 104, ch. 2016-62; s. 3, ch. 2016-210.
420.5088 Florida Homeownership Assistance Program.There is created the Florida Homeownership Assistance Program for the purpose of assisting low-income and moderate-income persons in purchasing a home as their primary residence by reducing the cost of the home with below-market construction financing, by reducing the amount of down payment and closing costs paid by the borrower to a maximum of 5 percent of the purchase price, or by reducing the monthly payment to an affordable amount for the purchaser. Loans shall be made available at an interest rate that does not exceed 3 percent. The balance of any loan is due at closing if the property is sold, refinanced, rented, or transferred, unless otherwise approved by the corporation.
(1) For loans made available pursuant to s. 420.507(23)(a)1. or 2.:
(a) The corporation may underwrite and make those mortgage loans through the program to persons or families who have incomes that do not exceed 120 percent of the state or local median income, whichever is greater, adjusted for family size.
(b) Loans shall be made available for the term of the first mortgage.
(c) Loans may not exceed the lesser of 35 percent of the purchase price of the home or the amount necessary to enable the purchaser to meet credit underwriting criteria.
(2) For loans made pursuant to s. 420.507(23)(a)3.:
(a) Availability is limited to nonprofit sponsors or developers who are selected for program participation pursuant to this subsection.
(b) Preference must be given to community-based organizations as defined in s. 420.503.
(c) Priority must be given to projects that have received state assistance in funding project predevelopment costs.
(d) The benefits of making such loans shall be contractually provided to the persons or families purchasing homes financed under this subsection.
(e) At least 30 percent of the units in a project financed pursuant to this subsection must be sold to persons or families who have incomes that do not exceed 80 percent of the state or local median income, whichever amount is greater, adjusted for family size; and at least another 30 percent of the units in a project financed pursuant to this subsection must be sold to persons or families who have incomes that do not exceed 65 percent of the state or local median income, whichever amount is greater, adjusted for family size.
(f) The maximum loan amount may not exceed 33 percent of the total project cost.
(g) A person who purchases a home in a project financed under this subsection is eligible for a loan authorized by s. 420.507(23)(a)1. or 2. in an aggregate amount not exceeding the construction loan made pursuant to this subsection. The home purchaser must meet all the requirements for loan recipients established pursuant to the applicable loan program.
(h) The corporation shall provide, by rule, for the establishment of a review committee composed of corporation staff and shall establish, by rule, a scoring system for evaluating and ranking applications submitted for construction loans under this subsection, including, but not limited to, the following criteria:
1. The affordability of the housing proposed to be built.
2. The direct benefits of the assistance to the persons who will reside in the proposed housing.
3. The demonstrated capacity of the applicant to carry out the proposal, including the experience of the development team.
4. The economic feasibility of the proposal.
5. The extent to which the applicant demonstrates potential cost savings by combining the benefits of different governmental programs and private initiatives, including the local government contributions and local government comprehensive planning and activities that promote affordable housing.
6. The use of the least amount of program loan funds compared to overall project cost.
7. The provision of homeownership counseling.
8. The applicant’s agreement to exceed the requirements of paragraph (e).
9. The commitment of first mortgage financing for the balance of the construction loan and for the permanent loans to the purchasers of the housing.
10. The applicant’s ability to proceed with construction.
11. The targeting objectives of the corporation which will ensure an equitable distribution of loans between rural and urban areas.
12. The extent to which the proposal will further the purposes of this program.
(i) The corporation may reject any and all applications.
(j) The review committee established by corporation rule pursuant to this subsection shall make recommendations to the corporation board regarding program participation under this subsection. The corporation board shall make the final ranking for participation based on the scores received in the ranking, further review of the applications, and the recommendations of the review committee. The corporation board shall approve or reject applicants for loans and shall determine the tentative loan amount available to each program participant. The final loan amount shall be determined pursuant to rule adopted under s. 420.507(23)(h).
(3) The corporation shall publish a notice of fund availability in a publication of general circulation throughout the state at least 60 days prior to the anticipated availability of funds.
(4) There is authorized to be established by the corporation with a qualified public depository meeting the requirements of chapter 280 the Florida Homeownership Assistance Fund to be administered by the corporation according to the provisions of this program. Any amounts held in the Florida Homeownership Assistance Trust Fund for such purposes as of January 1, 1998, must be transferred to the corporation for deposit in the Florida Homeownership Assistance Fund, whereupon the Florida Homeownership Assistance Trust Fund must be closed. There shall be deposited in the fund moneys from the State Housing Trust Fund created by s. 420.0005, or moneys received from any other source, for the purpose of this program and all proceeds derived from the use of such moneys. In addition, all unencumbered funds, loan repayments, proceeds from the sale of any property, and any other proceeds that would otherwise accrue pursuant to the activities of the programs described in this section shall be transferred to this fund. In addition, all loan repayments, proceeds from the sale of any property, and any other proceeds that would otherwise accrue pursuant to the activities conducted under the provisions of the Florida Homeownership Assistance Program shall be deposited in the fund and shall not revert to the General Revenue Fund. Expenditures from the Florida Homeownership Assistance Fund shall not be required to be included in the corporation’s budget request or be subject to appropriation by the Legislature.
(5) No more than one-fifth of the funds available in the Florida Homeownership Assistance Fund may be made available to provide loan loss insurance reserve funds to facilitate homeownership for eligible persons.
History.s. 9, ch. 88-376; s. 8, ch. 89-121; s. 23, ch. 92-317; s. 22, ch. 95-144; s. 14, ch. 97-167; s. 8, ch. 98-56; s. 2, ch. 2001-143; s. 30, ch. 2001-201; s. 19, ch. 2006-69.
420.5089 HOME Investment Partnership Program; HOME Investment Partnership Fund.
(1) There is authorized to be established by the corporation with a qualified public depository meeting the requirements of chapter 280 the HOME Investment Partnership Fund, which shall be administered by the corporation according to the provisions of the HOME Investment Partnership Program which is hereby created. Any amounts held in the HOME Partnership Trust Fund for such purposes as of January 1, 1998, must be transferred to the corporation for deposit in the HOME Investment Partnership Fund, whereupon the HOME Partnership Trust Fund must be closed. There shall be deposited into the fund moneys from the State Housing Trust Fund or moneys received from any other source for the purpose of this program, and all proceeds derived from the use of such moneys. In addition, all loan repayments, proceeds from the sale of any property, and any other proceeds that would otherwise accrue pursuant to the activities conducted under the provisions of the HOME Investment Partnership Program shall be deposited into the fund and shall not revert to the General Revenue Fund. Expenditures from the HOME Investment Partnership Fund shall not be required to be included in the corporation’s budget request or be subject to appropriation by the Legislature.
(2) The corporation shall make loans available to eligible housing providers or home buyers on the basis of the selection process established and described by corporation program rules. Such process must incorporate and provide incentives for welfare-to-work transitioning in coordination with applicable state and federal programs.
(3) The corporation may make loans to home buyers in connection with the corporation’s single-family mortgage revenue bond program on the basis of “first come, first served” or as described in the program rule.
(4) The corporation’s board of directors may approve projects located in a state or federally declared disaster area or demonstration projects based on selection criteria as approved by the board of directors. In addition, as approved by the corporation’s board of directors, disaster projects or demonstration projects may be granted or provided a HOME loan with forgivable terms.
(5) Loans made under this program shall be made for eligible applicants and activities as enumerated in 24 C.F.R. part 92, and as enumerated in the program rule approved by the corporation’s board of directors.
(6) Applications for loans under any competitive scoring process established by program rule must be approved by a review committee established by corporation rule which shall analyze factors, including, but not limited to, the following:
(a) Demographic targeting objectives of the corporation.
(b) Corporation portfolio diversification.
(c) Developer’s agreement to make units for the targeted group available for more than the minimum period required by rule.
(d) Leveraging of HOME funds.
(e) Local matching funds.
(f) The project’s feasibility and long-term economic viability.
(g) Demonstrated capacity of the proposed project’s development team.
(h) Conformance with the consolidated plan for the state and area in which the proposed project will be located.
(i) Other factors determined and approved by the corporation’s board of directors.
(7) The review committee established by corporation rule pursuant to this subsection shall make recommendations to the corporation board regarding program participation. The corporation board shall approve the final ranking and decide which applicants become program participants based on the scores received in the ranking. The actual loan amount shall be determined pursuant to rule and the Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA).
(8) The loan term shall be for a minimum period equal to the affordability period as stated in 24 C.F.R. part 92 or 15 years for rental rehabilitations and 20 years for rental or homeownership new construction loans. The corporation may renegotiate and extend the loan in order to extend the availability of housing for the targeted population.
(9) If a default on a loan occurs, the corporation may cause a foreclosure on any mortgage or security interest or commence any legal action to protect the interest of the corporation or the fund and recover the amount of the unpaid principal, accrued interest, and fees on behalf of the fund. The corporation may acquire real and personal property or any interest in the property if that acquisition is necessary to protect any loan; sell, transfer, and convey any such property to a buyer without regard to the provisions of chapters 253 and 270; and, if that sale, transfer, or conveyance cannot be effected within a reasonable time, lease such property for occupancy by eligible persons.
(10) All sums recovered from the sale, transfer, conveyance, or lease of such property shall be deposited into the HOME Investment Partnership Fund.
(11) The corporation shall monitor all projects funded under this section to ensure compliance with federal and state requirements. The corporation may inspect such projects or records pertaining to those projects at any reasonable time.
History.s. 24, ch. 92-317; s. 15, ch. 97-167; s. 9, ch. 98-56.
420.509 Revenue bonds.
(1) The issuance of revenue bonds to provide sufficient funds to achieve the purposes of this part; pay interest on bonds; pay expenses incident to the issuance and sale of any bond issued pursuant to this part, including costs of validating, printing, and delivering the bonds, printing the official statement, publishing notices of sale of the bonds, and related administrative expenses; and pay all other capital expenditures of the corporation incident to and necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes and powers granted by this part is authorized, subject and pursuant to the provisions of s. 16, Art. VII of the State Constitution. The provisions of ss. 215.57-215.83 shall not be applicable to the corporation. Revenue bonds shall be payable solely from pledged revenues and shall not be secured by the full faith and credit of the state.
(2) The State Board of Administration is designated as the state fiscal agency to make the determinations required by s. 16, Art. VII of the State Constitution in connection with the issuance of such bonds that in no state fiscal year will the debt service requirements of the bonds proposed to be issued and all other bonds secured by the same pledged revenues exceed the pledged revenues available for such debt service requirements. The State Board of Administration may delegate to its executive director the authority and power to perform that function without further review of the agency. The determinations pursuant to this paragraph are limited to a review of the matters essential to making the determinations required by s. 16, Art. VII of the State Constitution. The executive director shall report annually to the State Board of Administration and the Legislature regarding the number of bond issues considered and the determination with respect thereto.
(3) All such bonds shall be issued by the corporation on behalf of the state with a term of not more than 45 years, and except as otherwise provided herein, in such principal amounts as shall be necessary to provide sufficient funds to achieve the purposes of the corporation in carrying out this part and purposes incident thereto.
(4) Bonds of the corporation may:
(a) Bear interest at a rate or rates not exceeding the interest rate limitation set forth in s. 215.84(3), unless the State Board of Administration authorizes an interest rate in excess of such maximum;
(b) Have such provisions for payment at maturity and redemption before maturity at such time or times and at such price or prices; and
(c) Be payable at such place or places within or without the state as the board determines by resolution.
(5) The bonds may be signed by the officers of the corporation as is provided for by resolution of the board. The signatures may be manual or facsimile signatures as established by the board. In case any officer whose signature or a facsimile of whose signature appears on any bonds ceases to be an officer before delivery of bonds, the signature or facsimile signature is nevertheless valid and sufficient for all purposes as fully and to the same extent as if he or she had remained in office until the delivery.
(6) All bonds issued under the provisions of this act are declared to be negotiable instruments under the Uniform Commercial CodeInvestment Securities law of the state.
(7) Bonds of the corporation may not be issued unless the face or reverse thereof contains a certificate, executed either manually or with a facsimile signature by the secretary of the board, to the effect that the issuance of the bonds has been approved under this act by the board. The certificate is conclusive evidence as to approval of the issuance of the bonds by the corporation and that the requirements of this act and all of the laws relating to the bonds have been complied with.
(8) The corporation has the authority to issue bond anticipation notes in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of the bonds in the same manner and subject to the same limitations and conditions as provided by s. 215.431. The rights and remedies of the holders of the notes are the same rights and remedies they would have if they were the holders of the definitive bonds in anticipation of which they are issued; and all of the covenants, agreements, or other proceedings relating to the definitive bonds in anticipation of which the bond anticipation notes are issued are a part of the proceedings relating to the issuance of the notes as fully and to the same extent as if incorporated verbatim therein.
(9) Before the preparation of definitive bonds, the corporation may issue interim receipts or temporary bonds, exchangeable for definitive bonds when the bonds have been executed and are available for delivery under the terms and conditions the board deems advisable. The board may also provide for the replacement of any bonds that become mutilated or destroyed, stolen, or lost under the terms and conditions the board deems advisable.
(10) Bonds of the corporation may be validated pursuant to chapter 75. In actions to validate such bonds pursuant to chapter 75, the complaint shall be filed in the Circuit Court of Leon County, the notice required by s. 75.06 shall be published only in Leon County and in two newspapers of general circulation in the state, and the complaint and order of the court shall be served only on the state attorney of the Second Judicial Circuit.
(11) Any resolution or resolutions authorizing any bonds issued by the corporation may contain provisions, without limitation, which shall be a part of the contract or contracts with the holders thereof, as to:
(a) Pledging all or any part of the income or revenues of the corporation to secure the payment of bonds or of any issue thereof, subject to such agreements with holders of bonds as may then exist.
(b) Pledging all or any part of the assets of the corporation, including mortgages and obligations securing the same, to secure the payment of bonds or of any issue of bonds, subject to such agreements with holders of bonds as may then exist.
(c) The use and disposition of the income from mortgages owned by the corporation and payment of the principal of mortgages owned by the corporation.
(d) The procedure, if any, by which the terms of any contract with holders of bonds may be amended or abrogated, the amount of bonds the holders of which must consent thereto, and the manner in which such consent may be given.
(e) Limitations on the amount of moneys to be expended by the corporation for its operating expenses.
(f) Vesting, for the life of the bonds, in a trustee or trustees such property, rights, powers, and duties in trust as the corporation may determine, which may include any or all of the rights, powers, and duties of the trustee appointed by the holders of bonds pursuant to this part, and limiting or abrogating the right of holders of bonds to appoint a trustee under this part or limiting the rights, powers, and duties of such trustee.
(g) Defining the acts or omissions to act which shall constitute a default in the obligations and duties of the corporation to the holders of bonds in providing for the rights and remedies of holders of bonds in the event of such default, including, as a matter of right, the appointment of a receiver; provided such rights and remedies shall not be inconsistent with the general laws of the state and the other provisions of this part.
(h) Any other matters, of like or different character, which in any way affect the security or protection of holders of bonds.
(12)(a) Subject to paragraph (b), the bonds issued by the corporation shall be sold at public sale in the manner provided by s. 215.68, with the corporation performing the duties of the board as provided in such section. However, if the corporation shall by official action at a public meeting determine that a negotiated sale of the bonds is in the best interest of the corporation, the corporation may negotiate for sale of the bonds to, or the placement of bonds through, the underwriter or underwriters designated by the corporation. In the official action authorizing the negotiated sale, the corporation shall provide specific findings as to the reasons for the negotiated sale. The reasons shall include, but shall not be limited to, characteristics of the bond issue and prevailing market conditions that necessitate a negotiated sale. In the event the corporation decides to negotiate for a sale of bonds, the managing underwriter, or financial consultant or adviser, if applicable, shall provide to the corporation, prior to the award of bonds to the managing underwriter, a disclosure statement containing the following information:
1. An itemized list setting forth the nature and estimated amounts of expenses to be incurred by the managing underwriter in connection with the issuance of such bonds. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any such list may include an item for miscellaneous expenses, provided it includes only minor items of expense which cannot be easily categorized elsewhere in the statement.
2. The names, addresses, and estimated amounts of compensation of any finders connected with the issuance of the bonds.
3. The amount of underwriting spread expected to be realized.
4. Any management fee charged by the managing underwriter.
5. Any other fee, bonus, or compensation estimated to be paid by the managing underwriter in connection with the bond issue to any person not regularly employed or retained by it.
6. The name and address of the managing underwriter or underwriters, if any, connected with the bond issue.
7. Any other disclosure that the corporation may require.

This paragraph is not intended to restrict or prohibit the employment of professional services relating to bonds issued under this chapter.

(b) In the event an offer of an issue of bonds at public sale produces no bid, or in the event all bids received are rejected, the corporation is authorized to negotiate for the sale of the bonds under such rates and terms as are acceptable; provided that no bonds shall be so sold or delivered on terms less favorable than the terms contained in any bids rejected at the public sale thereof or, if no bids were received at such public sale, the terms contained in the notice of public sale.
(c) The failure of the corporation to comply with one or more provisions of this section shall not affect the validity of the bond issue.
(13)(a) No underwriter, commercial bank, investment banker, or financial consultant or adviser shall pay any finder any bonus, fee, or gratuity in connection with the sale of revenue bonds issued by the corporation unless full disclosure is made to the corporation prior to or concurrently with the submission of a purchase proposal for bonds by the underwriter, commercial bank, investment banker, or financial consultant or adviser and is made subsequently in the official statement or offering circular, if any, detailing the name and address of any finder and the amount of bonus, fee, or gratuity paid to such finder.
(b) The willful violation of this subsection is a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(c) No violation of this subsection shall affect the validity of the bond issue.
(14) As used in this section, the term “finder” means a person who is neither regularly employed by, nor a partner or officer of, an underwriter, bank, banker, or financial consultant or adviser and who enters into an understanding with either the issuer or the managing underwriter, or both, for any paid or promised compensation or valuable consideration, directly or indirectly, expressly or impliedly, to act solely as an intermediary between such issuer and managing underwriter for the purpose of influencing any transaction in the purchase of such bonds.
(15) All bonds issued by the corporation shall state on the face thereof that they are payable, both as to principal and interest, solely out of the assets of the corporation and do not constitute an obligation, either general or special, of the state or of any local government.
(16) All bonds issued by the corporation are hereby declared to have all the qualities and incidents of negotiable instruments under the applicable laws of the state.
(17) It is the intention of the Legislature that any pledge of earnings, revenues, or other moneys made by the corporation shall be valid and binding from the time when the pledge is made; that the earnings, revenues, or other moneys so pledged and thereafter received by the corporation shall immediately be subject to the lien of that pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act; and that the lien of the pledge shall be valid and binding as against the corporation irrespective of whether the parties have notice thereof. Neither the resolution nor any other instrument by which a pledge is created need be recorded or filed pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code.
(18) Neither the members of the corporation nor any person executing the bonds of the corporation shall be liable personally on the bonds or be subject to any personal liability or accountability by reason of the issuance thereof.
(19) If the proceeds of an issue of revenue bonds the interest on which is not exempt from federal taxation are used to finance a project, 20 percent of the tenants of the project must have annual income under 80 percent of the state or county median income, whichever is higher.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 3, ch. 81-51; s. 1, ch. 82-78; s. 3, ch. 83-238; s. 28, ch. 86-192; s. 5, ch. 87-106; s. 9, ch. 89-121; s. 16, ch. 97-167; s. 10, ch. 98-56.
420.5092 Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program.
(1) There is created the Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program for the purposes of:
(a) Stimulating creative private sector lending activities to increase the supply and lower the cost of financing or refinancing eligible housing;
(b) Creating security mechanisms to allow lenders to sell affordable housing loans in the secondary market; and
(c) Encouraging affordable housing lending activities that would not have taken place or that serve persons who would not have been served but for the creation of this program.
(2) As used in this section, the term:
(a) “Affordable housing guarantee” means an obligation of the guarantee fund to guarantee the payment of an obligation made to finance or refinance the purchase, construction, or rehabilitation of eligible housing.
(b) “Annual debt service reserve” means the reserve maintained in the guarantee fund in an amount equal to the maximum reserve amount for each series of revenue bonds issued to establish the guarantee fund.
(c) “Corporation” means the Florida Housing Finance Corporation.
(d) “Eligible housing” means any real and personal property designed and intended for the primary purpose of providing decent, safe, and sanitary residential units for homeownership or rental for eligible persons, including specifically housing for the homeless, as determined by the corporation pursuant to rule.
(e) “Guarantee fund” means the Affordable Housing Guarantee Fund created and established with proceeds of revenue bonds issued by the corporation or its predecessor pursuant to this section to implement the Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program.
(f) “Maximum reserve amount” means, for each series of outstanding revenue bonds issued to establish the guarantee fund, the largest aggregate amount of annual principal installments and interest payments becoming due in any state fiscal year in which the revenue bonds are outstanding.
(3) Amounts on deposit in the State Housing Trust Fund may also be used to support the Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program. Such use, if any, is in addition to those purposes for which the State Housing Trust Fund was created, and such moneys shall be obligated and committed in accordance with the corporation certification provided for in subsection (6).
(4) The corporation may, by rule, establish rates and fees for the issuance of an affordable housing guarantee, including contractual provisions to foster reimbursement, in the event of default, to the guarantee fund of payments made pursuant to an affordable housing guarantee issued for eligible housing.
(5) Pursuant to s. 16, Art. VII of the State Constitution, the corporation may issue, in accordance with s. 420.509, revenue bonds of the corporation to establish the guarantee fund. The revenue bonds are primarily payable from and secured by annual debt service reserves, from interest earned on funds on deposit in the guarantee fund, from fees, charges, and reimbursements established by the corporation for the issuance of affordable housing guarantees, and from any other revenue sources received by the corporation and deposited by the corporation into the guarantee fund for the issuance of affordable housing guarantees. If such primary revenue sources are considered insufficient by the corporation, pursuant to the certification provided in subsection (6), to fully fund the annual debt service reserve, the certified deficiency in such reserve is also payable from the first proceeds of the documentary stamp tax moneys deposited into the State Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) and (d) during the ensuing state fiscal year.
(6)(a) If the primary revenue sources to be used for repayment of revenue bonds used to establish the guarantee fund are insufficient for such repayment, the annual principal and interest due on each series of revenue bonds are payable from funds in the annual debt service reserve. The corporation shall, before June 1 of each year, perform a financial audit to determine whether at the end of the state fiscal year there will be on deposit in the guarantee fund an annual debt service reserve from interest earned pursuant to the investment of the guarantee fund, fees, charges, and reimbursements received from issued affordable housing guarantees and other revenue sources available to the corporation. Based upon the findings in such guarantee fund financial audit, the corporation shall certify to the Chief Financial Officer the amount of any projected deficiency in the annual debt service reserve for any series of outstanding bonds as of the end of the state fiscal year and the amount necessary to maintain such annual debt service reserve. Upon receipt of such certification, the Chief Financial Officer shall transfer to the annual debt service reserve, from the first available taxes distributed to the State Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) and (d) during the ensuing state fiscal year, the amount certified as necessary to maintain the annual debt service reserve.
(b) If the claims payment obligations under affordable housing guarantees from amounts on deposit in the guarantee fund would cause the claims paying rating assigned to the guarantee fund to be less than the third-highest rating classification of any nationally recognized rating service, which classifications being consistent with s. 215.84(3) and rules adopted thereto by the State Board of Administration, the corporation shall certify to the Chief Financial Officer the amount of such claims payment obligations. Upon receipt of such certification, the Chief Financial Officer shall transfer to the guarantee fund, from the first available taxes distributed to the State Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) and (d) during the ensuing state fiscal year, the amount certified as necessary to meet such obligations, such transfer to be subordinate to any transfer referenced in paragraph (a) and not to exceed 50 percent of the amounts distributed to the State Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) and (d) during the preceding state fiscal year.
(7) Funds on deposit in the guarantee fund shall be used as the primary resource to support the performance by the corporation of its obligation under an affordable housing guarantee issued by the corporation as determined by rule.
(8) Before establishing the fees, charges, and other obligations and conditions for the issuance of an affordable housing guarantee and defining housing eligible to obtain a guarantee, the corporation must perform an affordable housing guarantee feasibility study. Such study must determine the eligible housing for which a guarantee is required for the investment of private capital, the anticipated risk of default for classifications of eligible housing, and the level of fees, charges, and reimbursement conditions necessary to establish a financially sound affordable housing guarantee program that exposes funds deposited into the guarantee fund to a reasonable or acceptable level of risk. Revenue bonds may not be issued to create and establish a guarantee fund until the completion of an initial financial feasibility study.
(9) This section does not preclude the use of the remaining funds in the State Housing Trust Fund.
(10) Revenue bonds may not be issued to establish and create a guarantee fund until validated pursuant to the provisions of chapter 75.
(11) The maximum total amount of revenue bonds that may be issued by the corporation pursuant to subsection (5) is $400 million.
History.s. 26, ch. 92-317; s. 10, ch. 93-181; s. 2, ch. 96-332; s. 18, ch. 97-167; s. 48, ch. 99-247; s. 6, ch. 2001-98; s. 1, ch. 2001-143; s. 31, ch. 2001-201; s. 463, ch. 2003-261; s. 77, ch. 2015-229.
420.5093 State Housing Tax Credit Program.
(1) There is created the State Housing Tax Credit Program for the purposes of stimulating creative private sector initiatives to increase the supply of affordable housing in urban areas, including specifically housing for the elderly, and to provide associated commercial facilities associated with such housing facilities.
(2) The Florida Housing Finance Corporation shall determine those qualified projects which shall be considered designated projects under s. 220.185 and eligible for the corporate tax credit under that section. The corporation shall establish procedures necessary for proper allocation and distribution of state housing tax credits, including the establishment of criteria for any single-family or commercial component of a project, and may exercise all powers necessary to administer the allocation of such credits. The board of directors of the corporation shall administer the allocation procedures and determine allocations on behalf of the corporation. The corporation shall prepare an annual plan, which must be approved by the Governor, containing general guidelines for the allocation and distribution of credits to designated projects.
(3) The corporation shall adopt allocation procedures that will ensure the maximum use of available tax credits in order to encourage development of low-income housing and associated mixed-use projects in urban areas, taking into consideration the timeliness of the application, the location of the proposed project, the relative need in the area of revitalization and low-income housing and the availability of such housing, the economic feasibility of the project, and the ability of the applicant to proceed to completion of the project in the calendar year for which the credit is sought.
(4)(a) A taxpayer who wishes to participate in the State Housing Tax Credit Program must submit an application for tax credit to the corporation. The application shall identify the project and its location and include evidence that the project is a qualified project as defined in s. 220.185. The corporation may request any information from an applicant necessary to enable the corporation to make tax credit allocations according to the guidelines set forth in subsection (3).
(b) The corporation’s approval of an applicant as a designated project shall be in writing and shall include a statement of the maximum credit allowable to the applicant. A copy of this approval shall be transmitted to the executive director of the Department of Revenue, who shall apply the tax credit to the tax liability of the applicant.
(5) For purposes of implementing this program and assessing the property for ad valorem taxation under s. 193.011, neither the tax credits nor financing generated by tax credits shall be considered as income to the property, and the actual rental income from rent-restricted units in a state housing tax credit development shall be recognized by the property appraiser. In considering or using the market or cost approaches under s. 193.011, neither the costs paid for by tax credits nor the costs paid for by additional financing proceeds received because the property is in the program shall be included in the valuation.
(6) For the further purpose of implementing this program in Florida and in assessing the property for ad valorem taxation under s. 193.011, any extended low income housing agreement and all amendments and supplements thereto which are recorded and filed in the official public records of the county where the property is located shall be deemed a land use regulation during the term of any such agreement, amendment, or supplement.
(7) The corporation is authorized to expend fees received in conjunction with the allocation of state housing tax credits only for the purpose of administration of the program, including private legal services which relate to interpretation of s. 42 of the Internal Revenue Code.
History.s. 20, ch. 99-378; s. 12, ch. 2002-18.
420.5095 Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program.
(1) The Legislature finds and declares that recent rapid increases in the median purchase price of a home and the cost of rental housing have far outstripped the increases in median income in the state, preventing essential services personnel from living in the communities where they serve and thereby creating the need for innovative solutions for the provision of housing opportunities for essential services personnel.
(2) The Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program is created to provide affordable rental and home ownership community workforce housing for essential services personnel affected by the high cost of housing, using regulatory incentives and state and local funds to promote local public-private partnerships and leverage government and private resources.
(3) For purposes of this section, the term:
(a) “Workforce housing” means housing affordable to natural persons or families whose total annual household income does not exceed 140 percent of the area median income, adjusted for household size, or 150 percent of area median income, adjusted for household size, in areas of critical state concern designated under s. 380.05, for which the Legislature has declared its intent to provide affordable housing, and areas that were designated as areas of critical state concern for at least 20 consecutive years prior to removal of the designation.
(b) “Essential services personnel” means persons in need of affordable housing who are employed in occupations or professions in which they are considered essential services personnel, as defined by each county and eligible municipality within its respective local housing assistance plan pursuant to s. 420.9075(3)(a).
(c) “Public-private partnership” means any form of business entity that includes substantial involvement of at least one county, one municipality, or one public sector entity, such as a school district or other unit of local government in which the project is to be located, and at least one private sector for-profit or not-for-profit business or charitable entity, and may be any form of business entity, including a joint venture or contractual agreement.
(4) The Florida Housing Finance Corporation is authorized to provide Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program loans to an applicant for construction or rehabilitation of workforce housing in eligible areas. This funding is intended to be used with other public and private sector resources.
(5) The corporation shall establish a loan application process by rule which includes selection criteria, an application review process, and a funding process. The corporation shall also establish an application review committee that may include up to three private citizens representing the areas of housing or real estate development, banking, community planning, or other areas related to the development or financing of workforce and affordable housing.
(a) The selection criteria and application review process must include a procedure for curing errors in the loan applications which do not make a substantial change to the proposed project.
(b) To achieve the goals of the pilot program, the application review committee may approve or reject loan applications or responses to questions raised during the review of an application due to the insufficiency of information provided.
(c) The application review committee shall make recommendations concerning program participation and funding to the corporation’s board of directors.
(d) The board of directors shall approve or reject loan applications, determine the tentative loan amount available to each applicant, and rank all approved applications.
(e) The board of directors shall decide which approved applicants will become program participants and determine the maximum loan amount for each program participant.
(6) The corporation shall provide incentives for local governments in eligible areas to use local affordable housing funds, such as those from the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program, to assist in meeting the affordable housing needs of persons eligible under this program. Local governments are authorized to use State Housing Initiative Partnership Program funds for persons or families whose total annual household income does not exceed:
(a) One hundred and forty percent of the area median income, adjusted for household size; or
(b) One hundred and fifty percent of the area median income, adjusted for household size, in areas that were designated as areas of critical state concern for at least 20 consecutive years prior to the removal of the designation and in areas of critical state concern, designated under s. 380.05, for which the Legislature has declared its intent to provide affordable housing.
(7) Funding shall be targeted to innovative projects in areas where the disparity between the area median income and the median sales price for a single-family home is greatest, and where population growth as a percentage rate of increase is greatest. The corporation may also fund projects in areas where innovative regulatory and financial incentives are made available. The corporation shall fund at least one eligible project in as many counties and regions of the state as is practicable, consistent with program goals.
(8) Projects shall receive priority consideration for funding where:
(a) The local jurisdiction has adopted, or is committed to adopting, appropriate regulatory incentives, or the local jurisdiction or public-private partnership has adopted or is committed to adopting local contributions or financial strategies, or other funding sources to promote the development and ongoing financial viability of such projects. Local incentives include such actions as expediting review of development orders and permits, supporting development near transportation hubs and major employment centers, and adopting land development regulations designed to allow flexibility in densities, use of accessory units, mixed-use developments, and flexible lot configurations. Financial strategies include such actions as promoting employer-assisted housing programs, providing tax increment financing, and providing land.
(b) Projects are innovative and include new construction or rehabilitation; mixed-income housing; commercial and housing mixed-use elements; innovative design; green building principles; storm-resistant construction; or other elements that reduce long-term costs relating to maintenance, utilities, or insurance and promote homeownership. The program funding may not exceed the costs attributable to the portion of the project that is set aside to provide housing for the targeted population.
(c) Projects that set aside at least 80 percent of units for workforce housing and at least 50 percent for essential services personnel and for projects that require the least amount of program funding compared to the overall housing costs for the project.
(9) Notwithstanding s. 163.3184(4)(b)-(d), any local government comprehensive plan amendment to implement a Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program project found consistent with this section shall be expedited as provided in this subsection. At least 30 days prior to adopting a plan amendment under this subsection, the local government shall notify the state land planning agency of its intent to adopt such an amendment, and the notice shall include its evaluation related to site suitability and availability of facilities and services. The public notice of the hearing required by s. 163.3184(11)(b)2. shall include a statement that the local government intends to use the expedited adoption process authorized by this subsection. Such amendments shall require only a single public hearing before the governing board, which shall be an adoption hearing as described in s. 163.3184(4)(e). Any further proceedings shall be governed by s. 163.3184(5)-(13).
(10) The processing of approvals of development orders or development permits, as defined in s. 163.3164, for innovative community workforce housing projects shall be expedited.
(11) The corporation shall award loans with interest rates set at 1 to 3 percent, which may be made forgivable when long-term affordability is provided and when at least 80 percent of the units are set aside for workforce housing and at least 50 percent of the units are set aside for essential services personnel.
(12) All eligible applications shall:
(a) For home ownership, limit the sales price of a detached unit, townhome, or condominium unit to not more than 90 percent of the median sales price for that type of unit in that county, or the statewide median sales price for that type of unit, whichever is higher, and require that all eligible purchasers of home ownership units occupy the homes as their primary residence.
(b) For rental units, restrict rents for all workforce housing serving those with incomes at or below 120 percent of area median income at the appropriate income level using the restricted rents for the federal low-income housing tax credit program and, for workforce housing units serving those with incomes above 120 percent of area median income, restrict rents to those established by the corporation, not to exceed 30 percent of the maximum household income adjusted to unit size.
(c) Demonstrate that the applicant is a public-private partnership in an agreement, contract, partnership agreement, memorandum of understanding, or other written instrument signed by all the project partners.
(d) Have grants, donations of land, or contributions from the public-private partnership or other sources collectively totaling at least 10 percent of the total development cost or $2 million, whichever is less. Such grants, donations of land, or contributions must be evidenced by a letter of commitment, agreement, contract, deed, memorandum of understanding, or other written instrument at the time of application. Grants, donations of land, or contributions in excess of 10 percent of the development cost shall increase the application score.
(e) Demonstrate how the applicant will use the regulatory incentives and financial strategies outlined in subsection (8) from the local jurisdiction in which the proposed project is to be located. The corporation may consult with the Department of Economic Opportunity in evaluating the use of regulatory incentives by applicants.
(f) Demonstrate that the applicant possesses title to or site control of land and evidences availability of required infrastructure.
(g) Demonstrate the applicant’s affordable housing development and management experience.
(h) Provide any research or facts available supporting the demand and need for rental or home ownership workforce housing for eligible persons in the market in which the project is proposed.
(13) Projects may include manufactured housing constructed after June 1994 and installed in accordance with mobile home installation standards of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles.
(14) The corporation may adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement this section.
(15) The corporation may use a maximum of 2 percent of the annual program appropriation for administration and compliance monitoring.
(16) The corporation shall review the success of the Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program to ascertain whether the projects financed by the program are useful in meeting the housing needs of eligible areas and shall include its findings in the annual report required under s. 420.511(3).
History.ss. 47, 53, ch. 2006-26; s. 27, ch. 2006-69; s. 15, ch. 2007-198; s. 116, ch. 2008-4; s. 64, ch. 2011-139; s. 332, ch. 2011-142.
420.5099 Allocation of the low-income housing tax credit.
(1) The Florida Housing Finance Corporation is designated the housing credit agency for the state within the meaning of s. 42(h)(7)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and shall have the responsibility and authority to establish procedures necessary for proper allocation and distribution of low-income housing tax credits and shall exercise all powers necessary to administer the allocation of such credits.
(2) The corporation shall adopt allocation procedures that will ensure the maximum use of available tax credits in order to encourage development of low-income housing in the state, taking into consideration the timeliness of the application, the location of the proposed housing project, the relative need in the area for low-income housing and the availability of such housing, the economic feasibility of the project, and the ability of the applicant to proceed to completion of the project in the calendar year for which the credit is sought.
(3) The corporation may request such information from applicants as will enable it to make the allocations according to the guidelines set forth in subsection (2), including, but not limited to, the information required to be provided the corporation by chapter 67, Florida Administrative Code.
(4) The executive director of the corporation shall administer the allocation procedures and determine allocations on behalf of the corporation. Any applicant disputing the amount of an allocation or the denial of a request for an allocation may request an appeal to the board of directors of the corporation.
(5) For purposes of implementing this program in Florida and in assessing the property for ad valorem taxation under s. 193.011, neither the tax credits, nor financing generated by tax credits, shall be considered as income to the property, and the actual rental income from rent restricted units in a low-income tax credit development shall be recognized by the property appraiser. In considering or using the market or cost approaches under s. 193.011, neither the costs paid for by tax credits nor the costs paid for by additional financing proceeds received because the property is in the program shall be included in the valuation.
(6) For the further purpose of implementing this program in Florida and in assessing the property for ad valorem taxation under s. 193.011, any extended low income housing agreement and all amendments and supplements thereto which are recorded and filed in the official public records of the county where the property is located shall be deemed a land use regulation during the term of any such agreement, amendment, or supplement.
(7) The corporation is authorized to expend fees received in conjunction with the allocation of low-income housing tax credits only for the purpose of administration of the program, including private legal services which relate to interpretation of s. 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
History.s. 3, ch. 87-106; s. 3, ch. 95-383; s. 19, ch. 97-167; s. 11, ch. 2000-353; s. 13, ch. 2002-18.
420.51 State and local government not liable on bonds or notes.The bonds of the corporation shall not be a debt of the state or of any local government, and neither the state nor any local government shall be liable thereon. The corporation shall not have the power to pledge the credit, the revenues, or the taxing power of the state or of any local government; and neither the credit, the revenues, nor the taxing power of the state or of any local government shall be, or shall be deemed to be, pledged to the payment of any bonds of the corporation.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 20, ch. 97-167.
420.511 Strategic business plan; long-range program plan; annual report; audited financial statements.
(1) The corporation shall develop a strategic business plan for the provision of affordable housing for the state. The plan must be consistent with the long-range program plan prepared pursuant to subsection (2) and shall contain performance measures and specific performance targets for the following:
(a) The ability of low-income and moderate-income Floridians to access housing that is decent and affordable.
(b) The continued availability and affordability of housing financed by the corporation to target populations.
(c) The availability of affordable financing programs, including equity and debt products, and programs that reduce gaps in conventional financing in order to increase individual access to housing and stimulate private production of affordable housing.
(d) The establishment and maintenance of efficiencies in the delivery of affordable housing.
(e) Such other measures as directed by the corporation’s board of directors.
(2) The corporation, in coordination with the department, shall annually develop a long-range program plan for the provision of affordable housing in this state as required pursuant to chapter 186. In part, the plan must include provisions that maximize the abilities of the corporation to implement the state housing strategy established under s. 420.0003, to respond to federal housing initiatives, and to develop programs in a manner that is more responsive to the needs of public and private partners. The plan shall be developed on a schedule consistent with that established by s. 186.021. For purposes of this section, the executive director or his or her designee shall serve as the corporation’s representative to achieve a coordinated and integrated planning relationship with the department.
(3) The corporation shall submit to the Governor and the presiding officers of each house of the Legislature, within 6 months after the end of its fiscal year, a complete and detailed report setting forth the corporation’s state and federal program accomplishments using the most recent available data. The report must include, but is not limited to:
(a) The following tenant characteristics in the existing rental units financed through corporation-administered programs:
1. The number of households served, delineated by income, race, ethnicity, and age of the head of household.
2. The number of households served in large, medium, and small counties as described in s. 420.5087(1) and the extent to which geographic distribution has been achieved in accordance with s. 420.5087.
3. The number of farmworker and commercial fishing worker households served.
4. The number of homeless households served.
5. The number of special needs households served.
6. By county, the average rent charged based on unit size.
(b) The number of rental units to which resources have been allocated in the last fiscal year, including income and demographic restrictions.
(c) The estimated average cost of producing units under each rental or homeownership unit financed under each program in the last fiscal year.
(d) By county, the average sales price of homeownership units financed in the last fiscal year.
(e) The number of households served by homeownership programs in the last fiscal year, including the income, race, ethnicity, and age of the homeowner of each household.
(f) The percentage of homeownership loans that are in foreclosure.
(g) The percentage of properties in the corporation’s rental portfolio which have an occupancy rate below 90 percent.
(h) The amount of economic stimulus created by the affordable housing finance programs administered by the corporation for the most recent year available.
(i) For the State Apartment Incentive Loan Program (SAIL), a comprehensive list of all closed loans outstanding at the end of the most recent fiscal year, including, but not limited to, development name, city, county, developer, set-aside type, set-aside percentage, affordability term, total number of units, number of set-aside units, lien position, original loan amount, loan maturity date, loan balance at close of year, status of loan, rate of interest, and interest paid.
(j) For the Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program, a list of all guaranteed loans through the close of the most recent fiscal year, including, but not limited to, development name, city, county, developer, total number of units, issuer of the bonds, loan maturity date, participation in the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development Risk-Sharing Program, original guarantee amount, guarantee amount at the close of the fiscal year, status of guaranteed loans, and total outstanding Florida Housing Finance Corporation Affordable Housing Guarantee Program revenue bonds at the close of the most recent fiscal year.
(k) Any other information the corporation deems appropriate.
(4) Within 6 months after the end of its fiscal year, the corporation shall submit audited financial statements, prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, which include all assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses of the corporation, and a list of all bonds outstanding at the end of its fiscal year. The audit must be conducted by an independent certified public accountant, performed in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and government auditing standards, and incorporate all reports, including compliance reports, as required by such auditing standards.
(5) The Auditor General shall conduct an operational audit of the accounts and records of the corporation and provide a written report on the audit to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives by December 1, 2016.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 10, ch. 88-376; s. 4, ch. 91-220; s. 21, ch. 97-167; s. 11, ch. 98-56; s. 7, ch. 2001-98; s. 26, ch. 2007-105; s. 16, ch. 2007-198; s. 6, ch. 2013-83; s. 4, ch. 2016-210.
420.512 Conflicts of interest.
(1) If any member, officer, or employee of the corporation shall have an interest, either direct or indirect, in any contract to which the corporation is, or is to be, a party or in any sponsor or in any lending institution requesting a loan from, or offering to sell mortgage loans or obligations to, the corporation, such interest shall be disclosed to the corporation in writing and shall be set forth in the minutes of the corporation. The member, officer, or employee having such interest shall not participate in any action by the corporation with respect to the contract, sponsor, or lending institution.
(2) Nothing in this section shall be deemed or construed to limit the right of any member, officer, or employee of the corporation to acquire an interest in bonds of the corporation or have an interest in any banking institution in which the bonds of the corporation are, or are to be, deposited or which is, or is to be, acting as trustee or paying agent under any bond resolution, trust indenture, or similar instrument to which the corporation is a party.
(3) A member, officer, or covered employee of the corporation shall not participate in any political fundraising activities other than for purposes of the corporation’s programs through solicitation of contributions from service providers, underwriters on the corporation’s approved managing underwriters’ list, or their agents, including underwriters’ counsel, officers, principals, and professional employees of underwriters on the corporation’s approved managing underwriters’ list.
(4) A member, officer, or covered employee of the corporation shall not be an applicant in any program administered by the corporation that is competitively bid or selected. A member, officer, or covered employee shall not have a financial interest in, and shall not be a member of a board or an officer or an employee of, an applicant in any program administered by the corporation which is competitively bid or selected.
(5) Service providers shall comply with the following standards of conduct as a condition of eligibility to be considered or retained to provide services. For purposes of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) only, the term “service provider” means and is limited to a law firm, an investment bank, or a credit underwriter, and the agents, officers, principals, and professional employees of the service provider.
(a) A service provider may not make contributions in any amounts, directly or indirectly, for or on behalf of candidates for Governor, nor shall any service provider make a contribution in excess of $100 to any candidate for a member of the State Board of Administration other than the Governor in Florida while the service provider is included in an applicant pool from which service providers are selected to provide services to the corporation, while the service provider provides services to the corporation, and for the longer of a period of 2 years thereafter or for a period through the next general election for Governor.
(b) The service provider shall not participate in fundraising activities for or on behalf of candidates for Governor in Florida while the service provider is included in an applicant pool from which service providers are selected to provide services to the corporation, while the service provider provides services to the corporation, and for the longer of a period of 2 years thereafter or for a period through the next general election for Governor.
(c) Service providers shall provide to the corporation a statement that the service provider has not contributed to candidates for Governor or contributed in excess of the amounts allowed by this section for a member of the State Board of Administration or engaged in fundraising activities for or on behalf of candidates for Governor in Florida since the effective date of this section or during the 24 months preceding the service provider’s application to provide services to the corporation, whichever period is shorter.
(d) The service provider may not engage in prohibited business solicitation communications with officers, members, or covered employees of the corporation.
(e) If a service provider is in doubt as to whether its activities, or the activities of its principals, agents, or employees, violate the provisions of this section, it may request a declaratory statement in accordance with the applicable rule and s. 120.565.
(f) If the corporation determines that a service provider has failed to meet the provisions of this section, it shall consider the magnitude of the violation and whether there has been a pattern of violations in determining whether to terminate or decline to enter into contracts with the service provider.
(6) Each solicitation for a service provider to provide services shall require the service provider to formally acknowledge the conditions in subsection (5) and to agree, if selected, to abide by the conditions. When appropriate, the acknowledgment must include a statement that the service provider is currently in compliance with the conditions.
(7) Each contract or other form of agreement to retain a service provider to provide services must incorporate the conditions in subsection (5) and a provision allowing unilateral cancellation by the corporation for refusal of the service provider to comply with the terms of eligibility.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 4, ch. 81-51; s. 22, ch. 97-167; s. 12, ch. 98-56.
420.513 Exemption from taxes and eligibility as investment.
(1) The property of the corporation, the transactions and operations thereof, the income therefrom, and the bonds of the corporation issued under this act, together with all notes, mortgages, security agreements, letters of credit, or other instruments that arise out of or are given to secure the repayment of bonds issued in connection with the financing of any housing under this part, and all notes, mortgages, security agreements, letters of credit, or other instruments that arise out of or are given to secure the repayment of loans issued in connection with the financing of any housing under this part, as well as the interest thereon and income therefrom, regardless of the status of any party thereto as a private party, shall be exempt from taxation by the state and its political subdivisions. The exemption granted by this subsection shall not apply to any tax imposed by chapter 220 on interest, income, or profits on debt obligations owned by corporations.
(2) All bonds of the corporation shall be and constitute legal investments without limitation for all public bodies of this state; for all banks, trust companies, savings banks, savings associations, savings and loan associations, and investment companies; for all administrators, executors, trustees, and other fiduciaries; for all insurance companies and associations and other persons carrying on an insurance business; and for all other persons whatsoever who are now or may hereafter be authorized to invest in bonds or other obligations of the state and shall be and constitute eligible securities to be deposited as collateral for the security of any state, county, municipal, or other public funds. This subsection shall be considered as additional and supplemental authority and shall not be limited without specific reference hereto.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 55, ch. 89-356; s. 23, ch. 97-167; s. 17, ch. 2007-198.
420.514 Corporate existence.The corporation and its corporate existence shall continue until terminated by law, provided that no such law shall take effect so long as the corporation shall have bonds outstanding, unless adequate provision has been made for the payment thereof. Upon termination of the existence of the corporation, all its rights and properties in excess of its obligations shall pass to and be vested in the state.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161; s. 24, ch. 97-167.
420.515 Inconsistent provisions of other laws superseded.Insofar as the provisions of this part are inconsistent with the provisions of any other law, general, special, or local, the provisions of this part shall be controlling.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-161.
420.516 Discrimination prohibited.It is an unlawful practice for a sponsor, while bonds are outstanding for the purpose of funding or financing the sponsor’s project, to discriminate against any person or family because of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, or marital status.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-238.
420.517 Affordable housing and job training coordination.The Florida Housing Finance Corporation shall undertake efforts to provide incentives to developers to build housing that encourages onsite job skills training to enable low-income residents to obtain and maintain meaningful employment. To the extent possible, the corporation shall direct all recipients of state housing funds, including municipalities, to work in cooperation with local and regional Job Training Partnerships Boards to provide training to residents and others who may be making the transition from welfare to the workforce. The corporation shall provide incentives through housing policy and program guidelines to prioritize those developments that encourage workforce training and skills development.
History.s. 25, ch. 97-167.
420.521 Short title.Sections 420.521-420.529 may be cited as the “Predevelopment Loan Program Act.”
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 2, ch. 89-121; s. 1, ch. 93-181.
Note.Former s. 420.303.
420.522 Legislative findings.It is hereby found by the Legislature that:
(1) There continues to exist a serious shortage of affordable housing for farmworkers, very-low-income persons and families, and low-income persons and families throughout the state.
(2) Existing private, local, state, and federal resources have not been adequate to remedy this shortage.
(3) The provision of housing predevelopment funds is necessary to leverage currently available resources for housing development.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 17, ch. 93-181.
Note.Former s. 420.304.
420.523 Purpose.The purpose of the Predevelopment Loan Program is to:
(1) Provide for financial and technical assistance to local governments, housing authorities, and not-for-profit organizations who will provide for the sponsorship of housing for the target population in the state, such housing to be financed by federal, state, local, or private resources.
(2) Ensure maximum leverage of federal, state, and local public funds and private resources in the construction and financing of housing for the target population.
(3) Create a Housing Predevelopment Fund to be used by eligible sponsors of housing.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 2, ch. 93-181; s. 26, ch. 97-167.
Note.Former s. 420.305.
420.524 Definitions relating to Predevelopment Loan Program Act.For the purpose of ss. 420.521-420.529, the term:
(1) “Community-based organization” or “not-for-profit organization” means any group incorporated under chapter 617 to provide housing and other services on a not-for-profit basis, and which is acceptable to federal and state agencies and financial institutions as a sponsor of affordable housing.
(2) “Eligible housing project” means a housing project proposed by an eligible sponsor which will ensure that a minimum of 20 percent of the completed housing units are rented or sold to very-low-income persons or that a minimum of 50 percent of the completed housing units are rented or sold to low-income households or low-income farmworker households.
(3) “Low-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, not including students, whose total annual household income does not exceed 80 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 80 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the person or family resides, whichever is greater.
(4) “Sponsor” means a unit of local government, a housing authority as established pursuant to chapter 421, a community-based or not-for-profit organization, or a limited partnership if its general partner is a community-based or not-for-profit organization that applies for and is awarded predevelopment expenses from the fund.
(5) “Student” means any person not living with that person’s parent or guardian who is eligible to be claimed by that person’s parent or guardian as a dependent under the federal income tax code and who is enrolled on at least a half-time basis in a secondary school, career center, community college, college, or university. The term does not include a person participating in an educational or training program approved by the corporation.
(6) “Target population” means farmworkers, very-low-income persons and families, and low-income persons and families.
(7) “Very-low-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, not including students, whose total annual household income does not exceed 50 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 50 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the person or family resides, whichever is greater. “Very-low-income persons” also means, in projects for which the sponsor intends to use the federal low-income housing tax credit, persons or households having incomes that meet the eligibility requirements of s. 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 12, ch. 92-317; s. 3, ch. 93-181; s. 77, ch. 2000-153; s. 37, ch. 2004-357.
Note.Former s. 420.306.
420.525 Housing Predevelopment Fund.
(1) There is authorized to be established by the corporation with a qualified public depository meeting the requirements of chapter 280 a separate fund to be named the “Housing Predevelopment Fund” which shall be administered by the corporation according to the provisions of ss. 420.521-420.529. Any amounts held in the Housing Predevelopment Trust Fund for such purposes as of January 1, 1998, must be transferred to the corporation for deposit in the Housing Predevelopment Fund, whereupon the Housing Predevelopment Trust Fund must be closed. There shall be deposited into the fund moneys from the State Housing Trust Fund as created by s. 420.0005 or moneys received from any other source, for the purpose of this program and all proceeds derived from the use of such moneys. Administrative and personnel costs incurred in implementing the provisions of ss. 420.521-420.529 may be paid from the fund. Expenditures from the Housing Predevelopment Fund shall not be required to be included in the corporation’s budget request or be subject to appropriation by the Legislature.
(2) All unencumbered funds, loan repayments, proceeds from the sale of any property, existing funds remaining in the following programs, and any other proceeds that would otherwise accrue pursuant to the activities conducted under this program and the provisions of the following programs shall be deposited in the fund and shall not revert to the General Revenue Fund:
(a) The Rural Housing Land Acquisition and Site Development Act;
(b) The Farmworker Housing Assistance Act; and
(c) The Community-Based Organization Loan Program created by the Affordable Housing Planning and Community Assistance Act.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 13, ch. 92-317; s. 4, ch. 93-181; s. 27, ch. 97-167; s. 78, ch. 2000-153.
Note.Former s. 420.307.
420.526 Predevelopment Loan Program; loans and grants authorized; activities eligible for support.
(1) The corporation is authorized to make loans and grants from the Housing Predevelopment Fund to eligible sponsors when it determines that:
(a) A need for housing for the target population exists in the area described in the application; and
(b) Federal, state, or local public funds or private funds are available or likely to be available to aid in the site acquisition, site development, construction, rehabilitation, maintenance, or support of the housing proposed in the application.
(2) If a loan is made, the corporation is authorized to forgive such loan, and thereby make a grant to a sponsor for any moneys which are unable to be repaid due to the sponsor’s inability to obtain construction or permanent financing for the development. The corporation shall not forgive the portion of the loan, if any, which is secured by a mortgage to the extent such loan could be repaid from the sale of the mortgaged property.
(3) Funds shall be made available under the program on a first-come, first-served basis, unless otherwise established by corporation rule. Sponsors of farmworker housing, if any, shall receive first priority under this program.
(4) The activities of sponsors which are eligible for housing predevelopment loans and grants shall include, but not be limited to:
(a) Site acquisition.
(b) Site development.
(c) Fees for requisite services from architects, engineers, surveyors, attorneys, and other professionals.
(d) Marketing expenses relating to advertisement.
(e) Administrative expenses.
(f) Market and feasibility studies.
(g) Consulting fees.
(5) Any funds paid out of the Housing Predevelopment Fund for activities under ss. 420.521-420.529 which are reimbursed to the sponsor from another source shall be repaid to the fund.
(6) Terms and conditions of housing predevelopment loan agreements shall be established and shall include:
(a) Provision for interest, which shall be set at between 0 and 3 percent per year, as established by the corporation.
(b) Provision of a schedule for the repayment of principal and interest for a term not to exceed 3 years or initiation of permanent financing, whichever event occurs first. However, the corporation may extend the term of a loan for an additional period if extraordinary circumstances exist and if such extension would not jeopardize the corporation’s security interest.
(c) Provision of reasonable security for the housing predevelopment loan to ensure the repayment of the principal and any interest accrued within the term specified.
(d) Provisions to ensure that the land acquired will be used for the development of housing and related services for the target population.
(e) Provisions to ensure, to the extent possible, that any accrued savings in cost due to the availability of these funds will be passed on to the target population in the form of lower land prices. The corporation shall ensure that such savings in land prices shall be passed on in the form of lower prices or rents for dwellings constructed on such land.
(f) Provisions to ensure that any land acquired through assistance under ss. 420.521-420.529 for housing for the target population shall not be disposed of or alienated in a manner that violates Title VII of the 1968 Civil Rights Act, which specifically prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, color, religion, or national origin or that violates other applicable federal or state laws.
(7) No predevelopment loan made under this section shall exceed the lesser of:
(a) The development and acquisition costs for the project, as determined by rule of the corporation; or
(b) Seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
(8) Any real property or any portion thereof purchased or developed under ss. 420.521-420.529 may be disposed of by the eligible sponsor upon the terms and conditions established by rule of the corporation and consistent with ss. 420.521-420.529, at a price not to exceed the actual prorated land costs, development costs, accrued taxes, and interest.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 14, ch. 92-317; s. 5, ch. 93-181; s. 28, ch. 97-167; s. 12, ch. 2000-353; s. 5, ch. 2002-160; s. 18, ch. 2007-198; s. 32, ch. 2015-4.
Note.Former s. 420.308.
420.527 Criteria for determining threshold compliance.
(1) The corporation shall establish the criteria for determining threshold compliance with corporation objectives. Final decisions regarding funding shall be approved by the corporation board. The corporation board shall determine the tentative loan or grant amount available to each program participant. The actual loan or grant amount shall be determined pursuant to rule specifying credit underwriting procedures.
(2) The criteria to be used to determine threshold compliance shall include, but are not limited to, the following:
(a) Income target objectives of the corporation.
(b) Sponsor’s agreement to reserve more than the minimum number of units for low-income households and very-low-income households.
(c) Projects requiring the least amount of predevelopment funds compared to total predevelopment costs.
(d) Sponsor’s prior experience.
(e) Commitments of other financing.
(f) Sponsor’s ability to proceed.
(g) Project’s consistency with the local government comprehensive plan.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 15, ch. 92-317; s. 17, ch. 93-181; s. 29, ch. 97-167; s. 6, ch. 2002-160; s. 33, ch. 2015-4.
Note.Former s. 420.309.
420.528 Rules; summary required with annual report.
(1) The corporation may adopt rules necessary to implement ss. 420.521-420.529 and to further specify the purposes for which loan and grant funds may be expended, the required content of applications, the procedure for evaluating and competitively ranking all applications, and reporting requirements for sponsors awarded funds under ss. 420.521-420.529.
(2) The corporation shall submit, within the annual report required by s. 420.511, a summary of loans and grants made, loan and grant recipients, loan commitments received by sponsors, persons or families housed, projects initiated and completed, and the balance on all loans outstanding at the end of each fiscal year of the corporation.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 16, ch. 92-317; s. 6, ch. 93-181; s. 30, ch. 97-167; s. 13, ch. 98-56.
Note.Former s. 420.31.
420.529 Default by sponsor.If a default on a loan occurs, the corporation may foreclose on any mortgage or security interest or commence any legal action to protect the interest of the corporation or the fund and recover the amount of the unpaid principal, accrued interest, and fees on behalf of the fund. The corporation may also acquire real and personal property or any interest in the property if such acquisition is necessary or appropriate to protect any loan; to sell, transfer, and convey any such property to a buyer without regard to the provisions of chapters 253 and 270; and, if such sale, transfer, or conveyance cannot be effected within a reasonable time, to lease such property for occupancy by eligible persons. All sums recovered from the sale, transfer, conveyance, or lease of such property shall be deposited into the Housing Predevelopment Fund.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376; s. 17, ch. 92-317; s. 17, ch. 93-181; s. 31, ch. 97-167.
Note.Former s. 420.32.
420.5295 Applicability.To the extent that provisions of this part are not inconsistent with contract provisions under the Rural Land Acquisition and Site Development Act, the Farmworker Housing Assistance Act, and the Community-Based Organization Loan Program, the provisions of this part shall apply to the disposition of lands acquired by the state as a result of the default on loans under such programs.
History.s. 13, ch. 88-376.
Note.Former s. 420.33.
420.531 Affordable Housing Catalyst Program.The corporation shall operate the Affordable Housing Catalyst Program for the purpose of securing the expertise necessary to provide specialized technical support to local governments and community-based organizations to implement the HOME Investment Partnership Program, State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program, and other affordable housing programs. To the maximum extent feasible, the entity to provide the necessary expertise must be recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as a nonprofit tax-exempt organization. It must have as its primary mission the provision of affordable housing training and technical assistance, an ability to provide training and technical assistance statewide, and a proven track record of successfully providing training and technical assistance under the Affordable Housing Catalyst Program. The technical support shall, at a minimum, include training relating to the following key elements of the partnership programs:
(1) Formation of local and regional housing partnerships as a means of bringing together resources to provide affordable housing.
(2) Implementation of regulatory reforms to reduce the risk and cost of developing affordable housing.
(3) Implementation of affordable housing programs included in local government comprehensive plans.
(4) Compliance with requirements of federally funded housing programs.
History.s. 19, ch. 2004-243.
420.55 Housing; response to disasters.The Florida Housing Finance Corporation is authorized to provide funds to eligible entities for affordable housing recovery in those areas of the state which sustained housing damage due to hurricanes during 2004 and 2005. The Florida Housing Finance Corporation shall utilize data provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to assist in its allocation of funds to local jurisdictions. To administer these programs, the Florida Housing Finance Corporation shall be guided by the “Hurricane Housing Work Group Recommendations to Assist in Florida’s Long Term Housing Recovery Efforts” report dated February 16, 2005, and may adopt emergency rules pursuant to s. 120.54. The Legislature finds that emergency rules adopted pursuant to this section meet the health, safety, and welfare requirement of s. 120.54(4). The Legislature finds that such emergency rulemaking power is necessary for the preservation of the rights and welfare of the people in order to provide additional funds to assist those areas of the state that sustained housing damage due to hurricanes during 2004 and 2005. Therefore, in adopting such emergency rules, the corporation need not make the findings required by s. 120.54(4)(a). Emergency rules adopted under this section are exempt from s. 120.54(4)(c). The sum of $75.9 million is appropriated from the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to the Florida Housing Finance Corporation for the Rental Recovery Loan Program. The sum of $15 million is appropriated from the State Housing Trust Fund to the Florida Housing Finance Corporation for the Farmworker Housing Recovery Program and the Special Housing Assistance and Development Program, and the sum of $17 million is appropriated from the State Housing Trust Fund to the Florida Housing Finance Corporation for the Rental Recovery Program. The sum of $100,000 is appropriated from the State Housing Trust Fund to the Florida Housing Finance Corporation for technical and training assistance.
History.ss. 48, 53, ch. 2006-26; s. 31, ch. 2006-69.
PART VI
AFFORDABLE HOUSING; COALITIONS FOR
HOMELESS; FAMILY EMERGENCY
ASSISTANCE
420.601 Short title.
420.6015 Legislative findings.
420.602 Definitions.
420.606 Training and technical assistance program.
420.6075 Research and planning for affordable housing; annual housing report.
420.609 Affordable Housing Study Commission.
420.615 Affordable housing land donation density bonus incentives.
420.621 Definitions.
420.622 State Office on Homelessness; Council on Homelessness.
420.623 Local coalitions for the homeless.
420.624 Local homeless assistance continuum of care.
420.625 Grant-in-aid program.
420.626 Homelessness; discharge guidelines.
420.6265 Rapid ReHousing.
420.6275 Housing First.
420.628 Affordable housing for children and young adults leaving foster care; legislative findings and intent.
420.630 Short title.
420.631 Definitions relating to Urban Homesteading Act.
420.632 Authority to operate.
420.633 Eligibility.
420.634 Application process; deed to qualified buyer.
420.635 Loans to qualified buyers.
420.601 Short title.Sections 420.601-420.609 may be cited as the “Affordable Housing Planning and Community Assistance Act.”
History.s. 2, ch. 86-192; s. 27, ch. 92-317.
420.6015 Legislative findings.In addition to the findings and declarations in ss. 420.0002, 420.502, 421.02, 422.02, and 423.01, which are hereby reaffirmed, the Legislature finds that:
(1) Decent, safe, and sanitary housing for persons of very low income, low income, and moderate income are a critical need in the state.
(2) New and rehabilitated housing must be provided at a cost affordable to such persons in order to alleviate this critical need.
(3) The private sector housing construction industry primarily produces housing units for middle-income households and upper-income households and often has limited experience in housing development which provides quality housing for low-income persons in economically declining or distressed areas.
(4) Among other things, the high cost of project financing tends to restrict the development of housing affordable to very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons.
(5) For these reasons, private capital and existing state housing programs do not provide an adequate remedy to this situation.
(6) Special programs are needed to stimulate private enterprise to build and rehabilitate housing in order to help eradicate slum conditions and provide housing for very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons as a matter of public purpose.
(7) Public-private partnerships are an essential means of bringing together resources to provide affordable housing.
(8) The department shall facilitate the mobilization of public and private resources to provide affordable housing through its responsibilities in the areas of housing, comprehensive planning, and community assistance.
History.s. 3, ch. 86-192; s. 28, ch. 92-317; s. 6, ch. 2000-342; s. 20, ch. 2004-243.
420.602 Definitions.As used in this part, the following terms shall have the following meanings, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) “Adjusted for family size” means adjusted in a manner which results in an income eligibility level which is lower for households with fewer than four people, or higher for households with more than four people, than the base income eligibility level determined as provided in subsection (9), subsection (10), or subsection (12), based upon a formula as established by rule of the corporation.
(2) “Adjusted gross income” means all wages, assets, regular cash or noncash contributions or gifts from persons outside the household, and such other resources and benefits as may be determined to be income by rule of the department, adjusted for family size, less deductions allowable under s. 62 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) “Affordable” means:
(a) With respect to a housing unit to be occupied by very-low-income persons, that monthly rents, or monthly mortgage payments including property taxes and insurance, do not exceed 30 percent of that amount which represents 50 percent of the median adjusted gross annual income for the households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the housing unit is located, divided by 12.
(b) With respect to a housing unit to be occupied by low-income persons, that monthly rents, or monthly mortgage payments including taxes and insurance, do not exceed 30 percent of that amount which represents 80 percent of the median adjusted gross annual income for the households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the housing unit is located, divided by 12.
(c) With respect to a housing unit to be occupied by moderate-income persons, that monthly rents, or monthly mortgage payments including taxes and insurance, do not exceed 30 percent of that amount which represents 120 percent of the median adjusted gross annual income for the households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the housing unit is located, divided by 12.
(4) “Community-based organization” means a private corporation organized under chapter 617 to assist in the provision of housing and related services on a not-for-profit basis within a designated area, including a municipality, county, or area of more than one municipality or county.
(5) “Corporation” means the Florida Housing Finance Corporation as created in s. 420.504.
(6) “Department” means the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(7) “Director” means the executive director of the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(8) “Fund” means the Florida Affordable Housing Trust Fund as created in this part.
(9) “Low-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, the total annual adjusted gross household income of which does not exceed 80 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 80 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the person or family resides, whichever is greater.
(10) “Moderate-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, the total annual adjusted gross household income of which is less than 120 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 120 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the household is located, whichever is greater.
(11) “Student” means any person not living with his or her parent or guardian who is eligible to be claimed by his or her parent or guardian as a dependent under the federal income tax code and who is enrolled on at least a half-time basis in a secondary school, career center, community college, college, or university.
(12) “Very-low-income persons” means one or more natural persons or a family, not including students as defined herein, the total annual adjusted gross household income of which does not exceed 50 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the state, or 50 percent of the median annual adjusted gross income for households within the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or, if not within an MSA, within the county in which the person or family resides, whichever is greater.
(13) “Very-low-income, low-income, and moderate-income persons” and “very-low-income, low-income, or moderate-income persons” means persons of very low income only, persons of very low income and low income only, or persons of all three income categories, but not persons of moderate income only.
History.s. 4, ch. 86-192; s. 32, ch. 97-167; s. 79, ch. 2000-153; s. 38, ch. 2004-357; s. 333, ch. 2011-142; s. 58, ch. 2012-5.
420.606 Training and technical assistance program.
(1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS.In addition to the legislative findings set forth in s. 420.6015, the Legislature finds and declares that:
(a) Housing in economically declining or distressed areas is frequently substandard and is often unaffordable or unavailable to homeless persons, very-low-income persons, and low-income persons;
(b) Community-based organizations often have limited experience in development of quality housing for homeless persons, very-low-income persons, and low-income persons in economically declining or distressed areas;
(c) The staffs and board members of community-based organizations need additional training in housing development as well as technical support to assist them in gaining the experience they need to better serve their communities; and
(d) The staffs of state agencies and local governments, whether directly involved in the production of affordable or available housing or acting in a supportive role, can better serve the goals of state and local governments if their expertise in housing development is expanded.
(2) PURPOSE.The purpose of this section is to provide community-based organizations, staff of state and local governments, and designated lead agencies of homeless assistance continuums of care with the necessary training and technical assistance to meet the needs of homeless persons, very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons for standard, affordable housing.
(3) TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.The Department of Economic Opportunity shall be responsible for securing the necessary expertise to provide training and technical assistance to:
(a) Staff of local governments, to staff of state agencies, as appropriate, to community-based organizations, and to persons forming such organizations, which are formed for the purpose of developing new housing and rehabilitating existing housing that is affordable for very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons.
1. The training component of the program shall be designed to build the housing development capacity of community-based organizations and local governments as a permanent resource for the benefit of communities in this state.
a. The scope of training must include, but need not be limited to, real estate development skills related to affordable housing, including the construction process and property management and disposition, the development of public-private partnerships to reduce housing costs, model housing projects, and management and board responsibilities of community-based organizations.
b. Training activities may include, but are not limited to, materials for self-instruction, workshops, seminars, internships, coursework, and special programs developed in conjunction with state universities and community colleges.
2. The technical assistance component of the program shall be designed to assist applicants for state-administered programs in developing applications and in expediting project implementation. Technical assistance activities for the staffs of community-based organizations and local governments who are directly involved in the production of affordable housing may include, but are not limited to, workshops for program applicants, onsite visits, guidance in achieving project completion, and a newsletter to community-based organizations and local governments.
(b) Designated lead agencies of homeless assistance continuums of care which receive funding from the Department of Children and Families to provide or secure housing, programs, and other services for homeless persons. Such training and technical assistance, subject to a specific appropriation in the General Appropriations Act for that purpose, must be provided by a nonprofit entity that meets the requirements for providing training and technical assistance under s. 420.531.
(4) POWERS.The Department of Economic Opportunity may do all things necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this section, including exercising the power to:
(a) Enter into contracts and agreements with the Federal Government or with other agencies of the state, with local governments, or with any other person, association, corporation, or entity;
(b) Seek and accept funding from any public or private source; and
(c) Adopt and enforce rules consistent with this section.
History.s. 8, ch. 86-192; s. 19, ch. 88-376; s. 10, ch. 89-121; s. 29, ch. 92-317; s. 33, ch. 97-167; s. 21, ch. 2004-243; s. 334, ch. 2011-142; s. 1, ch. 2014-214.
420.6075 Research and planning for affordable housing; annual housing report.
(1) The research and planning functions of the department shall include the collection of data on the need for affordable housing in this state and the extent to which that need is being met through federal, state, and local programs, in order to facilitate planning to meet the housing needs in this state and to enable the development of sound strategies and programs for affordable housing. To fulfill this function, the Shimberg Center for Affordable Housing at the University of Florida shall perform the following functions:
(a) Quantify affordable housing needs in the state by analyzing available data, including information provided through the housing elements of local comprehensive plans, and identify revisions in the housing element data requirements that would result in more uniform, meaningful information being obtained.
(b) Document the results since 1980 of all programs administered by the department which provide for or act as incentives for housing production or improvement. Data on program results must include the number of units produced and the unit cost under each program.
(c) Inventory the supply of affordable housing units made available through federal, state, and local programs. Data on the geographic distribution of affordable units must show the availability of units in each county and municipality.
(2) By December 31 of each year, the Shimberg Center for Affordable Housing shall submit to the Legislature an updated housing report describing the supply of and need for affordable housing. This annual housing report shall include:
(a) A synopsis of training and technical assistance activities and community-based organization housing activities for the year.
(b) A status report on the degree of progress toward meeting the housing objectives of the department’s agency functional plan.
(c) Recommended housing initiatives for the next fiscal year and recommended priorities for assistance to the various target populations within the spectrum of housing need.
(3) The Shimberg Center for Affordable Housing shall:
(a) Conduct research on program options to address the need for affordable housing.
(b) Conduct research on training models to be replicated or adapted to meet the needs of community-based organizations and state and local government staff involved in housing development.
History.s. 11, ch. 89-121; s. 14, ch. 90-275; s. 30, ch. 92-317; s. 20, ch. 93-260; s. 23, ch. 95-144; s. 6, ch. 95-396.
420.609 Affordable Housing Study Commission.Because the Legislature firmly supports affordable housing in Florida for all economic classes:
(1) There is created the Affordable Housing Study Commission, which shall be composed of 21 members to be appointed by the Governor:
(a) One citizen actively engaged in the residential home building industry.
(b) One citizen actively engaged in the home mortgage lending profession.
(c) One citizen actively engaged in the real estate sales profession.
(d) One citizen actively engaged in apartment development.
(e) One citizen actively engaged in the management and operation of a rental housing development.
(f) Two citizens who represent very-low-income and low-income persons.
(g) One citizen representing a community-based organization with experience in housing development.
(h) One citizen representing a community-based organization with experience in housing development in a community with a population of less than 50,000 persons.
(i) Two citizens who represent elderly persons’ housing interests.
(j) One representative of regional planning councils.
(k) One representative of the Florida League of Cities.
(l) One representative of the Florida Association of Counties.
(m) Two citizens representing statewide growth management organizations.
(n) One citizen of the state to serve as chair of the commission.
(o) One citizen representing a residential community developer.
(p) One member who is a resident of the state.
(q) One representative from a local housing authority.
(r) One citizen representing the housing interests of homeless persons.
(2)(a) Members shall be appointed for 4-year staggered terms, except that the citizen serving as chair shall be appointed to serve a 2-year term and except that a vacancy shall be filled for the unexpired portion of the term. The members of the commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for all necessary expenses in the performance of their duties, including travel expenses, in accordance with s. 112.061.
(b) The Governor may remove or suspend a member for cause, including, but not limited to, failure to attend at least 3 meetings of the commission during any 12-month period.
(3) The corporation shall supply such information, assistance, and facilities as are deemed necessary for the commission to carry out its duties under this section and shall provide such staff assistance as is necessary for the performance of required clerical and administrative functions of the commission.
(4) The commission shall analyze those solutions and programs which could begin to address the state’s acute need for housing for the homeless; for very-low-income, low-income, and moderate-income persons; and for elderly persons, including programs or proposals which provide for:
(a) Offering low-interest and zero-interest loans for the development or rehabilitation of housing;
(b) Use of publicly owned lands and buildings as affordable housing sites;
(c) Coordination with federal initiatives, including development of an approved housing strategy;
(d) Streamlining the various state, regional, and local regulations, and housing and building codes governing the housing industry;
(e) Stimulation of public and private cooperative housing efforts;
(f) Implementation or expansion of the programs authorized in this chapter;
(g) Discovery and assessment of funding sources for low-cost housing construction and rehabilitation; and
(h) Development of such other solutions and programs as the commission deems appropriate.

In performing its analysis, the commission shall consider both homeownership and rental housing as viable options for the provision of housing. The commission shall also give consideration to various types of residential construction, including but not limited to, manufactured housing.

(5) The commission shall review, evaluate, and make recommendations regarding existing and proposed housing programs and initiatives. The commission shall provide these and any other housing recommendations to the director of the department and the executive director of the corporation.
(6) The commission shall distribute its meeting notices, minutes, and recommendations to state agencies responsible for the delivery of services to or the analysis of issues concerning the elderly.
(7) By July 15 of each year beginning in 2001, the commission shall prepare and submit to the Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a report detailing its findings and making specific program, legislative, and funding recommendations and any other recommendations it deems appropriate.
(8) The commission shall recommend studies to be conducted for affordable housing.
History.s. 11, ch. 86-192; ss. 15, 30, ch. 88-376; s. 13, ch. 89-121; s. 15, ch. 90-275; ss. 1, 2, 3, ch. 91-27; s. 5, ch. 91-429; s. 31, ch. 92-317; s. 11, ch. 93-181; s. 8, ch. 95-396; s. 80, ch. 97-103; s. 80, ch. 2000-153; s. 13, ch. 2000-353; s. 8, ch. 2001-98; s. 22, ch. 2004-243; s. 335, ch. 2011-142.
420.615 Affordable housing land donation density bonus incentives.
(1) A local government may provide density bonus incentives pursuant to the provisions of this section to any landowner who voluntarily donates fee simple interest in real property to the local government for the purpose of assisting the local government in providing affordable housing. Donated real property must be determined by the local government to be appropriate for use as affordable housing and must be subject to deed restrictions to ensure that the property will be used for affordable housing.
(2) For purposes of this section, the terms “affordable,” “extremely-low-income persons,” “low-income persons,” “moderate-income persons,” and “very-low-income persons” have the same meaning as in s. 420.0004.
(3) The density bonus may be applied to any land within the local government’s jurisdiction provided that residential use is an allowable use on the receiving land.
(4) The density bonus, identification of receiving land for the bonus, and any other conditions associated with the donation of the land for affordable housing are the subject of review and approval by the local government. The award of density bonus pursuant to this section, the legal description of the land receiving the bonus, and any other conditions associated with the bonus shall be memorialized in a development agreement or other binding agreement and recorded with the clerk of court in the county where the donated land and receiving land are located.
(5) The local government, as part of the approval process, shall adopt a comprehensive plan amendment, pursuant to part II of chapter 163, for the receiving land that incorporates the density bonus. Such amendment shall be adopted in the manner as required for small-scale amendments pursuant to s. 163.3187 and is not subject to the requirements of s. 163.3184(4)(b)-(d).
(6) The deed restrictions required pursuant to subsection (1) for an affordable housing unit must also prohibit the unit from being sold at a price that exceeds the threshold for housing that is affordable for low-income or moderate-income persons or to a buyer who is not eligible due to his or her income under this chapter. The deed restriction may allow affordable housing units created under subsection (1) to be rented to extremely-low-income, very-low-income, low-income, or moderate-income persons.
(7) The local government may transfer all or a portion of the donated land to a nonprofit housing organization, such as a community land trust, housing authority, or community redevelopment agency, to be used for the production and preservation of permanently affordable housing.
History.s. 28, ch. 2006-69; s. 65, ch. 2011-139.
420.621 Definitions.As used in ss. 420.621-420.628, the term:
(1) “Continuum of care” means the community components needed to organize and deliver housing and services to meet the specific needs of people who are homeless as they move to stable housing and maximum self-sufficiency. It includes action steps to end homelessness and prevent a return to homelessness.
(2) “Council on Homelessness” means the council created in s. 420.622.
(3) “Department” means the Department of Children and Families.
(4) “District” means a service district of the department, as set forth in 1s. 20.19.
(5) “Homeless,” applied to an individual, or “individual experiencing homelessness” means an individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes an individual who:
(a) Is sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason;
(b) Is living in a motel, hotel, travel trailer park, or camping ground due to a lack of alternative adequate accommodations;
(c) Is living in an emergency or transitional shelter;
(d) Has a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
(e) Is living in a car, park, public space, abandoned building, bus or train station, or similar setting; or
(f) Is a migratory individual who qualifies as homeless because he or she is living in circumstances described in paragraphs (a)-(e).

The terms do not refer to an individual imprisoned pursuant to state or federal law or to individuals or families who are sharing housing due to cultural preferences, voluntary arrangements, or traditional networks of support. The terms include an individual who has been released from jail, prison, the juvenile justice system, the child welfare system, a mental health and developmental disability facility, a residential addiction treatment program, or a hospital, for whom no subsequent residence has been identified, and who lacks the resources and support network to obtain housing.

(6) “Local coalition for the homeless” means a coalition established pursuant to s. 420.623.
(7) “New and temporary homeless” means individuals or families who are homeless due to societal factors.
(8) “State Office on Homelessness” means the state office created in s. 420.622.
History.s. 9, ch. 87-106; s. 18, ch. 92-58; s. 20, ch. 93-200; s. 202, ch. 99-8; s. 9, ch. 2001-98; s. 2, ch. 2009-164; s. 238, ch. 2014-19.
1Note.Section 2, ch. 2012-84, deleted s. 20.19(5), which set out service districts.
420.622 State Office on Homelessness; Council on Homelessness.
(1) The State Office on Homelessness is created within the Department of Children and Families to provide interagency, council, and other related coordination on issues relating to homelessness.
(2) The Council on Homelessness is created to consist of 17 representatives of public and private agencies who shall develop policy and advise the State Office on Homelessness. The council members shall be: the Secretary of Children and Families, or his or her designee; the executive director of the Department of Economic Opportunity, or his or her designee, who shall advise the council on issues related to rural development; the State Surgeon General, or his or her designee; the Executive Director of Veterans’ Affairs, or his or her designee; the Secretary of Corrections, or his or her designee; the Secretary of Health Care Administration, or his or her designee; the Commissioner of Education, or his or her designee; the Director of CareerSource Florida, Inc., or his or her designee; one representative of the Florida Association of Counties; one representative of the Florida League of Cities; one representative of the Florida Supportive Housing Coalition; the Executive Director of the Florida Housing Finance Corporation, or his or her designee; one representative of the Florida Coalition for the Homeless; and four members appointed by the Governor. The council members shall be nonpaid volunteers and shall be reimbursed only for travel expenses. The appointed members of the council shall be appointed to staggered 2-year terms, and the council shall meet at least four times per year. The importance of minority, gender, and geographic representation shall be considered in appointing members to the council.
(3) The State Office on Homelessness, pursuant to the policies set by the council and subject to the availability of funding, shall:
(a) Coordinate among state, local, and private agencies and providers to produce a statewide consolidated inventory for the state’s entire system of homeless programs which incorporates regionally developed plans. Such programs include, but are not limited to:
1. Programs authorized under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987, 42 U.S.C. ss. 11371 et seq., and carried out under funds awarded to this state; and
2. Programs, components thereof, or activities that assist persons who are homeless or at risk for homelessness.
(b) Collect, maintain, and make available information concerning persons who are homeless or at risk for homelessness, including demographics information, current services and resources available, the cost and availability of services and programs, and the met and unmet needs of this population. All entities that receive state funding must provide access to all data they maintain in summary form, with no individual identifying information, to assist the council in providing this information. The State Office on Homelessness, in consultation with the designated lead agencies for a local homeless continuum of care and with the Council on Homelessness, shall develop the system and process of data collection from all lead agencies for the purpose of analyzing trends and assessing impacts in the statewide homeless delivery system. Any statewide homelessness survey and database system must comply with all state and federal statutory and regulatory confidentiality requirements.
(c) Annually evaluate state and local services and resources and develop a consolidated plan for addressing the needs of the homeless or those at risk for homelessness.
(d) Explore, compile, and disseminate information regarding public and private funding sources for state and local programs serving the homeless and provide technical assistance in applying for such funding.
(e) Monitor and provide recommendations for coordinating the activities and programs of local coalitions for the homeless and promote the effectiveness of programs addressing the needs of the homeless.
(f) Provide technical assistance to facilitate efforts to establish, maintain, and expand local homeless assistance continuums of care.
(g) Develop and assist in the coordination of policies and procedures relating to the discharge or transfer from the care or custody of state-supported or state-regulated entities persons who are homeless or at risk for homelessness.
(h) Spearhead outreach efforts for maximizing access by people who are homeless or at risk for homelessness to state and federal programs and resources.
(i) Promote a federal policy agenda responsive to the needs of the homeless population in this state.
(j) Develop outcome and accountability measures and promote and use such measures to evaluate program effectiveness and make recommendations for improving current practices in order to best meet the needs of the homeless.
(k) Formulate policies and legislative proposals to address more effectively the needs of the homeless and coordinate the implementation of state and federal legislative policies.
(l) Convene meetings and workshops of state and local agencies, local coalitions and programs, and other stakeholders for the purpose of developing and reviewing policies, services, activities, coordination, and funding of efforts to meet the needs of the homeless.
(m) Conduct or promote research on the effectiveness of current programs and propose pilot projects aimed at improving services.
(n) Serve as an advocate for issues relating to homelessness.
(o) Investigate ways to improve access to participation in state funding and other programs for prevention and alleviation of homelessness to faith-based organizations and collaborate and coordinate with faith-based organizations.
(4) The State Office on Homelessness, with the concurrence of the Council on Homelessness, shall accept and administer moneys appropriated to it to provide annual “Challenge Grants” to lead agencies of homeless assistance continuums of care designated by the State Office on Homelessness pursuant to s. 420.624. The department shall establish varying levels of grant awards up to $500,000 per lead agency. The department, in consultation with the Council on Homelessness, shall specify a grant award level in the notice of the solicitation of grant applications.
(a) To qualify for the grant, a lead agency must develop and implement a local homeless assistance continuum of care plan for its designated catchment area. The continuum of care plan must implement a coordinated assessment or central intake system to screen, assess, and refer persons seeking assistance to the appropriate service provider. The lead agency shall also document the commitment of local government or private organizations to provide matching funds or in-kind support in an amount equal to the grant requested. Expenditures of leveraged funds or resources, including third-party cash or in-kind contributions, are authorized only for eligible activities committed on one project which have not been used as leverage or match for any other project or program and must be certified through a written commitment.
(b) Preference must be given to those lead agencies that have demonstrated the ability of their continuum of care to provide quality services to homeless persons and the ability to leverage federal homeless-assistance funding under the Stewart B. McKinney Act with local government funding or private funding for the provision of services to homeless persons.
(c) Preference must be given to lead agencies in catchment areas with the greatest need for the provision of housing and services to the homeless, relative to the population of the catchment area.
(d) The grant may be used to fund any of the housing, program, or service needs included in the local homeless assistance continuum of care plan. The lead agency may allocate the grant to programs, services, or housing providers that implement the local homeless assistance continuum care plan. The lead agency may provide subgrants to a local agency to implement programs or services or provide housing identified for funding in the lead agency’s application to the department. A lead agency may spend a maximum of 8 percent of its funding on administrative costs.
(e) The lead agency shall submit a final report to the department documenting the outcomes achieved by the grant in enabling persons who are homeless to return to permanent housing thereby ending such person’s episode of homelessness.
(5) The State Office on Homelessness, with the concurrence of the Council on Homelessness, may administer moneys appropriated to it to provide homeless housing assistance grants annually to lead agencies for local homeless assistance continuum of care, as recognized by the State Office on Homelessness, to acquire, construct, or rehabilitate transitional or permanent housing units for homeless persons. These moneys shall consist of any sums that the state may appropriate, as well as money received from donations, gifts, bequests, or otherwise from any public or private source, which are intended to acquire, construct, or rehabilitate transitional or permanent housing units for homeless persons.
(a) Grant applicants shall be ranked competitively. Preference must be given to applicants who leverage additional private funds and public funds, particularly federal funds designated for the acquisition, construction, or rehabilitation of transitional or permanent housing for homeless persons; who acquire, build, or rehabilitate the greatest number of units; or who acquire, build, or rehabilitate in catchment areas having the greatest need for housing for the homeless relative to the population of the catchment area.
(b) Funding for any particular project may not exceed $750,000.
(c) Projects must reserve, for a minimum of 10 years, the number of units acquired, constructed, or rehabilitated through homeless housing assistance grant funding to serve persons who are homeless at the time they assume tenancy.
(d) No more than two grants may be awarded annually in any given local homeless assistance continuum of care catchment area.
(e) A project may not be funded which is not included in the local homeless assistance continuum of care plan, as recognized by the State Office on Homelessness, for the catchment area in which the project is located.
(f) The maximum percentage of funds that the State Office on Homelessness and each applicant may spend on administrative costs is 5 percent.
(6) The State Office on Homelessness, in conjunction with the Council on Homelessness, shall establish performance measures and specific objectives by which it may evaluate the performance and outcomes of lead agencies that receive grant funds. Challenge Grants made through the State Office on Homelessness shall be distributed to lead agencies based on their overall performance and their achievement of specified objectives. Each lead agency for which grants are made under this section shall provide the State Office on Homelessness a thorough evaluation of the effectiveness of the program in achieving its stated purpose. In evaluating the performance of the lead agencies, the State Office on Homelessness shall base its criteria upon the program objectives, goals, and priorities that were set forth by the lead agencies in their proposals for funding. Such criteria may include, but are not limited to, the number of persons or households that are no longer homeless, the rate of recidivism to homelessness, and the number of persons who obtain gainful employment.
(7) The State Office on Homelessness must monitor the challenge grants and homeless housing assistance grants to ensure proper expenditure of funds and compliance with the conditions of the applicant’s contract.
(8) The Department of Children and Families, with input from the Council on Homelessness, must adopt rules relating to the challenge grants and the homeless housing assistance grants and related issues consistent with the purposes of this section.
(9) The council shall, by June 30 of each year, provide to the Governor, the Legislature, and the Secretary of Children and Families a report summarizing the extent of homelessness in the state and the council’s recommendations for reducing homelessness in this state.
(10) The State Office on Homelessness may administer moneys appropriated to it for distribution among the 28 local homeless continuums of care designated by the Department of Children and Families.
History.s. 10, ch. 2001-98; s. 60, ch. 2008-6; s. 24, ch. 2009-96; s. 3, ch. 2009-164; s. 137, ch. 2010-102; s. 10, ch. 2011-15; s. 336, ch. 2011-142; s. 4, ch. 2012-84; s. 5, ch. 2013-74; s. 107, ch. 2014-17; s. 239, ch. 2014-19; s. 2, ch. 2014-214; s. 23, ch. 2015-98; s. 5, ch. 2016-210.
420.623 Local coalitions for the homeless.
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.The department shall establish local coalitions to plan, network, coordinate, and monitor the delivery of services to the homeless. Appropriate local groups and organizations involved in providing services for the homeless and interested business groups and associations shall be given an opportunity to participate in such coalitions, including, but not limited to:
(a) Organizations and agencies providing mental health and substance abuse treatment.
(b) County health departments and community health centers.
(c) Organizations and agencies providing food, shelter, or other services targeted to the homeless.
(d) Local law enforcement agencies.
(e) Local workforce development boards.
(f) County and municipal governments.
(g) Local public housing authorities.
(h) Local school districts.
(i) Local organizations and agencies serving specific subgroups of the homeless population, including, but not limited to, those serving veterans, victims of domestic violence, person with HIV/AIDS, and runaway youth.
(j) Local community-based care alliances.
(2) FUNCTIONS OF LOCAL COALITIONS.Major functions of the local coalitions are to:
(a) Develop or assist with the development of the local homeless continuum of care plan, as described in s. 420.624, for the catchment area containing the county or region served by the local homeless coalition. Unless otherwise specified in the plan or as a result of an agreement with another coalition in the same catchment area, the local coalition shall serve as the lead agency for the local homeless assistance continuum of care.
(b) Discuss local issues related to homelessness and the needs of the homeless.
(c) Inventory all local resources for the homeless, including, but not limited to, food assistance, clothing, emergency shelter, low-cost housing, emergency medical care, counseling, training, and employment.
(d) Review and assess all services and programs in support of the homeless and identify unmet needs of the homeless.
(e) Facilitate the delivery of multiagency services for the homeless to eliminate duplication of services and to maximize the use of limited existing resources for the homeless.
(f) Develop new programs and services to fill critical service gaps, if necessary, through reallocation of existing resources for the homeless.
(g) Develop a community resource directory of services available to the homeless for use by agencies, volunteers, information and referral systems, and homeless persons.
(h) Develop public education and outreach initiatives to make homeless persons aware of the services available to them through community agencies and organizations.
(i) Identify and explore new approaches to shelter care for the homeless.
(j) Monitor and evaluate local homeless initiatives to assess their impact, to determine the adequacy of services available through such initiatives, and to identify additional unmet needs of homeless persons.
(k) Collect and compile information relating to the homeless population served and report on a regular basis, but at least annually, such information to the department, as directed by the department.
(l) Develop an annual report detailing the coalition’s goals and activities.
(m) Develop spending plans pursuant to the grant-in-aid program created under s. 420.625. Spending plans shall include a competitive ranking of applications from local agencies eligible for funding pursuant to the provisions of s. 420.625.
(n) Develop a strategy for increasing support and participation from local businesses in the coalition’s programs and activities.
(3) DEPARTMENT GUIDELINES.The department shall develop guidelines for coalition activities, coalition reports, and development of local plans of action.
History.ss. 10, 13, ch. 87-106; s. 3, ch. 88-303; ss. 27, 29, ch. 88-376; s. 39, ch. 95-210; s. 140, ch. 97-101; s. 11, ch. 2001-98; s. 138, ch. 2010-102; s. 19, ch. 2016-216.
420.624 Local homeless assistance continuum of care.
(1) A local homeless assistance continuum of care is a framework for a comprehensive and seamless array of emergency, transitional, and permanent housing, and services to address the various needs of homeless persons and persons at risk for homelessness. The nature and configuration of housing and services may be unique to each community or region, depending on local needs, assets, and preferences.
(2) The purpose of a local homeless assistance continuum of care is to help communities or regions envision, plan, and implement comprehensive and long-term solutions to the problem of homelessness in a community or region.
(3) Communities or regions seeking to implement a local homeless assistance continuum of care are encouraged to develop and annually update a written plan that includes a vision for the continuum of care, an assessment of the supply of and demand for housing and services for the homeless population, and specific strategies and processes for providing the components of the continuum of care. The State Office on Homelessness, in conjunction with the Council on Homelessness, shall include in the plan a methodology for assessing performance and outcomes. The State Office on Homelessness shall supply a standardized format for written plans, including the reporting of data.
(4) Each local homeless assistance continuum of care plan must designate a lead agency that will serve as the point of contact and accountability to the State Office on Homelessness. The lead agency may be a local homeless coalition, municipal or county government, or other public agency or private, not-for-profit corporation.
(5) Continuum of care catchment areas must be designated and revised as necessary by the State Office on Homelessness, with the input of local homeless coalitions and public or private organizations that have previously certified to the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development and that currently serve as lead agencies for a local homeless assistance continuum of care. Designated catchment areas must not be overlapping. The designations must be consistent with those made by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development in conjunction with the awarding of federal Stewart B. McKinney Act homeless assistance funding.
(6) The State Office on Homelessness shall recognize only one homeless assistance continuum of care plan and its designated lead agency for each designated catchment area. The recognition must be made with the input of local homeless coalitions and public or private organizations that have previously certified to the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development that they currently serve as lead agencies for a local homeless assistance continuum of care. The designations must be consistent with those made by the United States Department of Housing and Development in conjunction with the awarding of federal Stewart B. McKinney Act homeless assistance funding.
(7) The components of a continuum of care plan should include:
(a) Outreach, intake, and assessment procedures in order to identify the service and housing needs of an individual or family and to link them with appropriate housing, services, resources, and opportunities;
(b) Emergency shelter, in order to provide a safe, decent alternative to living in the streets;
(c) Transitional housing;
(d) Supportive services, designed to assist with the development of the skills necessary to secure and retain permanent housing;
(e) Permanent supportive housing;
(f) Rapid ReHousing, as specified in s. 420.6265;
(g) Permanent housing;
(h) Linkages and referral mechanisms among all components to facilitate the movement of individuals and families toward permanent housing and self-sufficiency;
(i) Services and resources to prevent housed persons from becoming or returning to homelessness; and
(j) An ongoing planning mechanism to address the needs of all subgroups of the homeless population, including but not limited to:
1. Single adult males;
2. Single adult females;
3. Families with children;
4. Families with no children;
5. Unaccompanied children and youth;
6. Elderly persons;
7. Persons with drug or alcohol addictions;
8. Persons with mental illness;
9. Persons with dual or multiple physical or mental disorders;
10. Victims of domestic violence; and
11. Persons living with HIV/AIDS.
(8) Continuum of care plans must promote participation by all interested individuals and organizations and may not exclude individuals and organizations on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, handicap, familial status, or religion. Faith-based organizations must be encouraged to participate. To the extent possible, these components must be coordinated and integrated with other mainstream health, social services, and employment programs for which homeless populations may be eligible, including Medicaid, State Children’s Health Insurance Program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Food Assistance Program, and services funded through the Mental Health and Substance Abuse Block Grant, the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, and the welfare-to-work grant program.
History.s. 12, ch. 2001-98; s. 72, ch. 2002-1; s. 33, ch. 2010-209; s. 6, ch. 2016-210; s. 20, ch. 2016-216.
420.625 Grant-in-aid program.
(1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS.The Legislature hereby finds and declares that most services for the homeless have been provided by local communities through voluntary private agencies and religious organizations and that the growing numbers and increasing needs of the homeless have generally outstripped the capabilities of such local agencies to adequately respond to the problems of the homeless in Florida. The Legislature further recognizes that the level of need and types of problems associated with homelessness may vary widely from community to community, due to the diversity and geographic distribution of the homeless population and the resulting differing needs of particular communities. While the need of all homeless and displaced persons for services is recognized, it is the legislative intent that, in awarding financial assistance to local agencies under this section, preference be given to those agencies offering services targeted for the new and temporary homeless.
(2) PURPOSE.The principal objective of this program is to provide needed assistance to local agencies to enable them to:
(a) Assist persons in their communities who have become, or are about to become, homeless.
(b) Where possible, restore the homeless living in their communities to suitable living conditions and self-sufficiency as quickly as possible.
(3) ESTABLISHMENT.There is hereby established a grant-in-aid program to help local communities in serving the needs of the homeless through a variety of supportive services, which may include, but are not limited to:
(a) Public education and outreach programs.
(b) Information and referral services, including state and local telephone hotlines and local emergency shelter location and housing location services.
(c) Case management services.
(d) Emergency financial assistance for persons who are totally without shelter or facing loss of shelter.
(e) Emergency and temporary shelter programs.
(f) Temporary rent and income supplements.
(g) Job counseling and assistance programs, including temporary day care services, for persons seeking employment.
(h) Meals programs.
(i) Services coordination.
(4) APPLICATION PROCEDURE.Local agencies shall submit an application for grant-in-aid funds to the district administrator for review. During the first year of implementation, district administrators shall begin to accept applications for district funds no later than October 1, 1988, and by August 1 of each year thereafter for which funding for this section is provided. District funds shall be made available to local agencies no more than 30 days after the deadline date for applications for each funding cycle.
(5) SPENDING PLANS.The department shall develop guidelines for the development of spending plans and for the evaluation and approval by district administrators of spending plans, based upon such factors as:
(a) The demonstrated level of need for the program.
(b) The demonstrated ability of the local agency or agencies seeking assistance to deliver the services and to assure that identified needs will be met.
(c) The ability of the local agency or agencies seeking assistance to deliver a wide range of services as enumerated in subsection (3).
(d) The adequacy and reasonableness of proposed budgets and planned expenditures, and the demonstrated capacity of the local agency or agencies to administer the funds sought.
(e) A statement from the local coalition for the homeless as to the steps to be taken to assure coordination and integration of services in the district to avoid unnecessary duplication and costs.
(f) Assurances by the local coalition for the homeless that alternative funding strategies for meeting needs through the reallocation of existing resources, utilization of volunteers, and local government or private agency funding have been explored.
(g) The existence of an evaluation component designed to measure program outcomes and determine the overall effectiveness of the local programs for the homeless for which funding is sought.
(6) ALLOCATION OF GRANT FUNDS TO DISTRICTS.State grant-in-aid funds for local initiatives for the homeless shall be allocated by the department to, and administered by, department districts. Allocations shall be based upon sufficient documentation of:
(a) The magnitude of the problem of homelessness in the district, and the demonstrated level of unmet need for services in the district for those who are homeless or are about to become homeless.
(b) A strong local commitment to seriously address the problem of homelessness as evidenced by coordinated programs involving preventive, emergency, and transitional services and by the existence of active local organizations committed to serving those who have become, or are about to become, homeless.
(c) Agreement by local government and private agencies currently serving the homeless not to reduce current expenditures for services presently provided to those who are homeless or are about to become homeless if grant assistance is provided pursuant to this section.
(d) Geographic distribution of district programs to ensure that such programs serve both rural and urban areas, as needed.
(7) DISTRIBUTION TO LOCAL AGENCIES.District funds so allocated shall be available for distribution by the district administrator to local agencies to fund programs such as those set forth in subsection (3), based upon the recommendations of the local coalitions in accordance with spending plans developed by the coalitions and approved by the district administrator. Not more than 10 percent of the total state funds awarded under a spending plan may be used by the local coalition for staffing and administration.
(8) LOCAL MATCHING FUNDS.Entities contracting to provide services through financial assistance obtained under this section shall provide a minimum of 25 percent of the funding necessary for the support of project operations. In-kind contributions, whether materials, commodities, transportation, office space, other types of facilities, or personal services, and contributions of money or services from homeless persons may be evaluated and counted as part or all of this required local funding, in the discretion of the district administrator.
History.s. 28, ch. 88-376; s. 103, ch. 96-175; s. 6, ch. 2013-74.
420.626 Homelessness; discharge guidelines.
(1) It is the intent of the Legislature, to encourage mental health facilities or institutions under contract with, operated, licensed, or regulated by the state and local governments to ensure that persons leaving their care or custody are not discharged into homelessness.
(2) The following facilities and institutions are encouraged to develop and implement procedures designed to reduce the discharge of persons into homelessness when such persons are admitted or housed for more than 24 hours at such facilities or institutions: hospitals and inpatient medical facilities; crisis stabilization units; residential treatment facilities; assisted living facilities; and detoxification centers.
(3) The procedures should include:
(a) Development and implementation of a screening process or other mechanism for identifying persons to be discharged from the facility or institution who are at considerable risk for homelessness or face some imminent threat to health and safety upon discharge;
(b) Development and implementation of a discharge plan addressing how identified persons will secure housing and other needed care and support upon discharge;
(c) Assessment of the capabilities of the entities to whom identified persons may potentially be discharged, and selection of the entity determined to be best equipped to provide or facilitate the provision of suitable care and support;
(d) Coordination of effort and sharing of information with entities that are expected to bear the responsibility for providing care or support to identified persons upon discharge; and
(e) Provision of sufficient medication, medical equipment and supplies, clothing, transportation, and other basic resources necessary to assure that the health and well-being of identified persons are not jeopardized upon their discharge.
(4) This section is intended only to recommend model guidelines and procedures that mental health facilities or institutions under contract with or operated, licensed, or regulated by the state or local governments may consider when discharging persons into the community. This section is not an entitlement, and no cause of action shall arise against the state, the local government entity, or any other political subdivision of this state for failure to follow any of the procedures or provide any of the services suggested under this section.
History.s. 13, ch. 2001-98.
420.6265 Rapid ReHousing.
(1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS AND INTENT.
(a) The Legislature finds that Rapid ReHousing is a strategy of using temporary financial assistance and case management to quickly move an individual or family out of homelessness and into permanent housing.
(b) The Legislature also finds that public and private solutions to homelessness in the past have focused on providing individuals and families who are experiencing homelessness with emergency shelter, transitional housing, or a combination of both. While emergency shelter and transitional housing programs may provide critical access to services for individuals and families in crisis, the programs often fail to address their long-term needs.
(c) The Legislature further finds that most households become homeless as a result of a financial crisis that prevents individuals and families from paying rent or a domestic conflict that results in one member being ejected or leaving without resources or a plan for housing.
(d) The Legislature further finds that Rapid ReHousing is an alternative approach to the current system of emergency shelter or transitional housing which tends to reduce the length of time a person is homeless and has proven to be cost effective.
(e) It is therefore the intent of the Legislature to encourage homeless continuums of care to adopt the Rapid ReHousing approach to preventing homelessness for individuals and families who do not require the intense level of supports provided in the permanent supportive housing model.
(2) RAPID REHOUSING METHODOLOGY.
(a) The Rapid ReHousing response to homelessness differs from traditional approaches to addressing homelessness by focusing on each individual’s or family’s barriers to housing. By using this approach, communities can significantly reduce the amount of time that individuals and families are homeless and prevent further episodes of homelessness.
(b) In Rapid ReHousing, an individual or family is identified as being homeless, temporary assistance is provided to allow the individual or family to obtain permanent housing as quickly as possible, and, if needed, assistance is provided to allow the individual or family to retain housing.
(c) The objective of Rapid ReHousing is to provide assistance for as short a term as possible so that the individual or family receiving assistance does not develop a dependency on the assistance.
History.s. 7, ch. 2016-210.
420.6275 Housing First.
(1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS AND INTENT.
(a) The Legislature finds that many communities plan to manage homelessness rather than plan to end it.
(b) The Legislature also finds that for most of the past two decades, public and private solutions to homelessness have focused on providing individuals and families who are experiencing homelessness with emergency shelter, transitional housing, or a combination of both. While emergency shelter programs may provide critical access to services for individuals and families in crisis, they often fail to address their long-term needs.
(c) The Legislature further finds that Housing First is an alternative approach to the current system of emergency shelter or transitional housing which tends to reduce the length of time of homelessness and has proven to be cost-effective.
(d) It is therefore the intent of the Legislature to encourage homeless continuums of care to adopt the Housing First approach to ending homelessness for individuals and families.
(2) HOUSING FIRST METHODOLOGY.
(a) The Housing First approach to homelessness differs from traditional approaches by providing housing assistance, case management, and support services responsive to individual or family needs after housing is obtained. By using this approach when appropriate, communities can significantly reduce the amount of time that individuals and families are homeless and prevent further episodes of homelessness. Housing First emphasizes that social services provided to enhance individual and family well-being can be more effective when people are in their own home, and:
1. The housing is not time-limited.
2. The housing is not contingent on compliance with services. Instead, participants must comply with a standard lease agreement and are provided with the services and support that are necessary to help them do so successfully.
3. A background check and any rehabilitation necessary to combat an addiction related to alcoholism or substance abuse has been completed by the individual for whom assistance or support services are provided.
(b) The Housing First approach addresses the societal causes of homelessness and advocates for the immediate return of individuals and families into housing and communities. Housing First provides a critical link between the emergency and transitional housing system and community-based social service, educational, and health care organizations and consists of four components:
1. Crisis intervention and short-term stabilization.
2. Screening, intake, and needs assessment.
3. Provision of housing resources.
4. Provision of case management.
History.s. 4, ch. 2009-164.
420.628 Affordable housing for children and young adults leaving foster care; legislative findings and intent.
(1)(a) The Legislature finds that there are many young adults who, through no fault of their own, live in foster families, group homes, and institutions, and face numerous barriers to a successful transition to adulthood. Young adults who are leaving the child welfare system may enter adulthood lacking the knowledge, skills, attitudes, habits, and relationships that will enable them to become productive members of society.
(b) The Legislature further finds that the main barriers to safe and affordable housing for such young adults are cost, lack of availability, the unwillingness of landlords to rent to such youth due to perceived regulatory barriers, and a lack of knowledge about how to be a good tenant. These barriers cause young adults to be at risk of becoming homeless.
(c) The Legislature also finds that young adults who leave the child welfare system are disproportionately represented in the homeless population. Without the stability of safe and affordable housing, all other services, training, and opportunities provided to such young adults may not be effective. Making affordable housing available will decrease the chance of homelessness and may increase the ability of such young adults to live independently.
(d) The Legislature intends that the Florida Housing Finance Corporation, agencies within the State Housing Initiative Partnership Program, local housing finance agencies, public housing authorities, and their agents, and other providers of affordable housing coordinate with the Department of Children and Families, their agents, and community-based care providers who provide services under s. 409.986 to develop and implement strategies and procedures designed to make affordable housing available whenever and wherever possible to young adults who leave the child welfare system.
(2) Young adults who leave the child welfare system meet the definition of eligible persons under ss. 420.503(17) and 420.9071(10) for affordable housing, and are encouraged to participate in federal, state, and local affordable housing programs. Students deemed to be eligible occupants under 26 U.S.C. s. 42(i)(3)(D) shall be considered eligible persons for purposes of all projects funded under this chapter.
History.s. 25, ch. 2009-96; s. 5, ch. 2009-164; s. 97, ch. 2010-5; s. 11, ch. 2011-15; s. 240, ch. 2014-19; s. 60, ch. 2014-224.
420.630 Short title.Sections 420.630-420.635 may be cited as the “Urban Homesteading Act.”
History.s. 23, ch. 99-378.
420.631 Definitions relating to Urban Homesteading Act.As used in ss. 420.630-420.635:
(1) “Authority” or “housing authority” means any of the public corporations created under s. 421.04.
(2) “Homestead agreement” means a written contract between a local government or its designee and a qualified buyer which contains the terms under which the qualified buyer may acquire a single-family housing property.
(3) “Local government” means any county or incorporated municipality within this state.
(4) “Designee” means a housing authority appointed by a local government, or a nonprofit community organization appointed by a local government, to administer the urban homesteading program for single-family housing under ss. 420.630-420.635.
(5) “Nonprofit community organization” means an organization that is exempt from taxation under s. 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(6) “Office” means the Office of Urban Opportunity within the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(7) “Qualified buyer” means a person who meets the criteria under s. 420.633.
(8) “Qualified loan rate” means an interest rate that does not exceed the interest rate charged for home improvement loans by the Federal Housing Administration under Title I of the National Housing Act, ch. 847, 48 Stat. 1246, or 12 U.S.C. ss. 1702, 1703, 1705, and 1706b et seq.
History.s. 23, ch. 99-378; s. 23, ch. 2004-243; s. 337, ch. 2011-142.
420.632 Authority to operate.By resolution, subject to federal and state law, and in consultation with the Office of Urban Opportunity, a local government or its designee may operate a program that makes foreclosed single-family housing properties available to qualified buyers to purchase. This urban homesteading program is intended to be one component of a comprehensive urban-core redevelopment initiative known as Front Porch Florida, implemented by the Office of Urban Opportunity.
History.s. 23, ch. 99-378.
420.633 Eligibility.An applicant is eligible to enter into a homestead agreement to acquire single-family housing property as a qualified buyer under ss. 420.630-420.635 if:
(1) The applicant or his or her spouse is employed and has been employed for the immediately preceding 12 months;
(2) The applicant or his or her spouse has not been convicted of a drug-related felony within the immediately preceding 3 years;
(3) All school-age children of the applicant or his or her spouse who will reside in the single-family housing property attend school regularly; and
(4) The applicant and his or her spouse have incomes below the median for the state, as determined by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, for families with the same number of family members as the applicant and his or her spouse.
History.s. 23, ch. 99-378.
420.634 Application process; deed to qualified buyer.
(1) A qualified buyer may apply to a local government or its designee to acquire single-family housing property. The application must be in a form and in a manner provided by the local government or its designee. If the application is approved, the qualified buyer and the local government or its designee shall enter into a homestead agreement for the single-family housing property. The local government or its designee may add additional terms and conditions to the homestead agreement.
(2) The local government or its designee shall deed or cause to be deeded the single-family housing property to the qualified buyer for $1 if the qualified buyer:
(a) Is in compliance with the terms of the homestead agreement for at least 5 years or has resided in the single-family housing property before the local government or its designee adopts the urban homesteading program;
(b) Resides in that property for at least 5 years;
(c) Meets the criteria in the homestead agreement; and
(d) Has otherwise promptly met his or her financial obligations with the local government or its designee.

However, if the local government or its designee has received federal funds for which bonds or notes were issued and those bonds or notes are outstanding for the housing project where the single-family housing property is located, the local government or its designee shall deed the property to the qualified buyer only upon payment of the pro rata share of the bonded debt on that specific property by the qualified buyer. The local government or its designee shall obtain the appropriate releases from the holders of the bonds or notes.

History.s. 23, ch. 99-378.
420.635 Loans to qualified buyers.Contingent upon an appropriation, the Department of Economic Opportunity, in consultation with the Office of Urban Opportunity, shall provide loans to qualified buyers who are required to pay the pro rata portion of the bonded debt on single-family housing pursuant to s. 420.634. Loans provided under this section shall be made at a rate of interest which does not exceed the qualified loan rate. A buyer must maintain the qualifications specified in s. 420.633 for the full term of the loan. The loan agreement may contain additional terms and conditions as determined by the department.
History.s. 23, ch. 99-378; s. 338, ch. 2011-142.
PART VII
STATE HOUSING INITIATIVES PARTNERSHIP
420.907 Short title.
420.9071 Definitions.
420.9072 State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program.
420.9073 Local housing distributions.
420.9075 Local housing assistance plans; partnerships.
420.9076 Adoption of affordable housing incentive strategies; committees.
420.9079 Local Government Housing Trust Fund.
420.9089 National Housing Trust Fund.
420.907 Short title.Sections 420.907-420.9079 may be cited as the “State Housing Initiatives Partnership Act.”
History.s. 32, ch. 92-317.
420.9071 Definitions.As used in ss. 420.907-420.9079, the term:
(1) “Adjusted for family size” means adjusted in a manner that results in an income eligibility level that is lower for households having fewer than four people, or higher for households having more than four people, than the base income eligibility determined as provided in subsection (19), subsection (20), or subsection (28), based upon a formula established by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
(2) “Affordable” means that monthly rents or monthly mortgage payments including taxes and insurance do not exceed 30 percent of that amount which represents the percentage of the median annual gross income for the households as indicated in subsection (19), subsection (20), or subsection (28). However, it is not the intent to limit an individual household’s ability to devote more than 30 percent of its income for housing, and housing for which a household devotes more than 30 percent of its income shall be deemed affordable if the first institutional mortgage lender is satisfied that the household can afford mortgage payments in excess of the 30 percent benchmark.
(3) “Affordable housing advisory committee” means the committee appointed by the governing body of a county or eligible municipality for the purpose of recommending specific initiatives and incentives to encourage or facilitate affordable housing as provided in s. 420.9076.
(4) “Annual gross income” means annual income as defined under the Section 8 housing assistance payments programs in 24 C.F.R. part 5; annual income as reported under the census long form for the recent available decennial census; or adjusted gross income as defined for purposes of reporting under Internal Revenue Service Form 1040 for individual federal annual income tax purposes or as defined by standard practices used in the lending industry as detailed in the local housing assistance plan and approved by the corporation. Counties and eligible municipalities shall calculate income by annualizing verified sources of income for the household as the amount of income to be received in a household during the 12 months following the effective date of the determination.
(5) “Award” means a loan, grant, or subsidy funded wholly or partially by the local housing assistance trust fund.
(6) “Community-based organization” means a nonprofit organization that has among its purposes the provision of affordable housing to persons who have special needs or have very low income, low income, or moderate income within a designated area, which may include a municipality, a county, or more than one municipality or county, and maintains, through a minimum of one-third representation on the organization’s governing board, accountability to housing program beneficiaries and residents of the designated area. A community housing development organization established pursuant to 24 C.F.R. s. 92.2 and a community development corporation created pursuant to chapter 290 are examples of community-based organizations.
(7) “Corporation” means the Florida Housing Finance Corporation.
(8) “Eligible housing” means any real and personal property located within the county or the eligible municipality which is designed and intended for the primary purpose of providing decent, safe, and sanitary residential units that are designed to meet the standards of the Florida Building Code or previous building codes adopted under chapter 553, or manufactured housing constructed after June 1994 and installed in accordance with the installation standards for mobile or manufactured homes contained in rules of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, for home ownership or rental for eligible persons as designated by each county or eligible municipality participating in the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program.
(9) “Eligible municipality” means a municipality that is eligible for federal community development block grant entitlement moneys as an entitlement community identified in 24 C.F.R. s. 570, subpart D, Entitlement Grants, or a nonentitlement municipality that is receiving local housing distribution funds under an interlocal agreement that provides for possession and administrative control of funds to be transferred to the nonentitlement municipality. An eligible municipality that defers its participation in community development block grants does not affect its eligibility for participation in the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program.
(10) “Eligible person” or “eligible household” means one or more natural persons or a family determined by the county or eligible municipality to be of very low income, low income, or moderate income according to the income limits adjusted to family size published annually by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development based upon the annual gross income of the household.
(11) “Eligible sponsor” means a person or a private or public for-profit or not-for-profit entity that applies for an award under the local housing assistance plan for the purpose of providing eligible housing for eligible persons.
(12) “Grant” means an award from the local housing assistance trust fund to an eligible sponsor or eligible person to partially assist in the construction, rehabilitation, or financing of eligible housing or to provide the cost of tenant or ownership qualifications without requirement for repayment as long as the condition of award is maintained.
(13) “Loan” means an award from the local housing assistance trust fund to an eligible sponsor or eligible person to partially finance the acquisition, construction, or rehabilitation of eligible housing with requirement for repayment or provision for forgiveness of repayment if the condition of the award is maintained.
(14) “Local housing assistance plan” means a concise description of the local housing assistance strategies and local housing incentive strategies adopted by local government resolution with an explanation of the way in which the program meets the requirements of ss. 420.907-420.9079 and corporation rule.
(15) “Local housing assistance strategies” means the housing construction, rehabilitation, repair, or finance program implemented by a participating county or eligible municipality with the local housing distribution or other funds deposited into the local housing assistance trust fund.
(16) “Local housing incentive strategies” means local regulatory reform or incentive programs to encourage or facilitate affordable housing production, which include at a minimum, assurance that permits for affordable housing projects are expedited to a greater degree than other projects, as provided in s. 163.3177(6)(f)3.; an ongoing process for review of local policies, ordinances, regulations, and plan provisions that increase the cost of housing prior to their adoption; and a schedule for implementing the incentive strategies. Local housing incentive strategies may also include other regulatory reforms, such as those enumerated in s. 420.9076 or those recommended by the affordable housing advisory committee in its triennial evaluation of the implementation of affordable housing incentives, and adopted by the local governing body.
(17) “Local housing distributions” means the proceeds of the taxes collected under chapter 201 deposited into the Local Government Housing Trust Fund and distributed to counties and eligible municipalities participating in the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program pursuant to s. 420.9073.
(18) “Local housing partnership” means the implementation of the local housing assistance plan in a manner that involves the applicable county or eligible municipality, lending institutions, housing builders and developers, real estate professionals, advocates for low-income persons, community-based housing and service organizations, and providers of professional services relating to affordable housing. The term includes initiatives to provide support services for housing program beneficiaries such as training to prepare persons for the responsibility of homeownership, counseling of tenants, and the establishing of support services such as day care, health care, and transportation.
(19) “Low-income person” or “low-income household” means one or more natural persons or a family that has a total annual gross household income that does not exceed 80 percent of the median annual income adjusted for family size for households within the metropolitan statistical area, the county, or the nonmetropolitan median for the state, whichever amount is greatest. With respect to rental units, the low-income household’s annual income at the time of initial occupancy may not exceed 80 percent of the area’s median income adjusted for family size. While occupying the rental unit, a low-income household’s annual income may increase to an amount not to exceed 140 percent of 80 percent of the area’s median income adjusted for family size.
(20) “Moderate-income person” or “moderate-income household” means one or more natural persons or a family that has a total annual gross household income that does not exceed 120 percent of the median annual income adjusted for family size for households within the metropolitan statistical area, the county, or the nonmetropolitan median for the state, whichever is greatest. With respect to rental units, the moderate-income household’s annual income at the time of initial occupancy may not exceed 120 percent of the area’s median income adjusted for family size. While occupying the rental unit, a moderate-income household’s annual income may increase to an amount not to exceed 140 percent of 120 percent of the area’s median income adjusted for family size.
(21) “Personal property” means major appliances, including a freestanding refrigerator or stove, to be identified on the encumbering documents.
(22) “Plan amendment” means the addition or deletion of a local housing assistance strategy or local housing incentive strategy. Plan amendments must at all times maintain consistency with program requirements and must be submitted to the corporation for review pursuant to s. 420.9072(3). Technical or clarifying revisions may not be considered plan amendments but must be transmitted to the corporation for purposes of notification.
(23) “Population” means the latest official state estimate of population certified pursuant to s. 186.901 prior to the beginning of the state fiscal year.
(24) “Program income” means the proceeds derived from interest earned on or investment of the local housing distribution and other funds deposited into the local housing assistance trust fund, proceeds from loan repayments, recycled funds, and all other income derived from use of funds deposited in the local housing assistance trust fund. It does not include recaptured funds as defined in subsection (25).
(25) “Recaptured funds” means funds that are recouped by a county or eligible municipality in accordance with the recapture provisions of its local housing assistance plan pursuant to s. 420.9075(5)(j) from eligible persons or eligible sponsors, which funds were not used for assistance to an eligible household for an eligible activity, when there is a default on the terms of a grant award or loan award.
(26) “Rent subsidies” means ongoing monthly rental assistance.
(27) “Sales price” or “value” means, in the case of acquisition of an existing or newly constructed unit, the amount on the executed sales contract. For eligible persons who are building a unit on land that they own, the sales price is determined by an appraisal performed by a state-certified appraiser. The appraisal must include the value of the land and the improvements using the after-construction value of the property and must be dated within 12 months of the date construction is to commence. The sales price of any unit must include the value of the land in order to qualify as eligible housing as defined in subsection (8). In the case of rehabilitation or emergency repair of an existing unit that does not create additional living space, sales price or value means the value of the real property, as determined by an appraisal performed by a state-certified appraiser and dated within 12 months of the date construction is to commence or the assessed value of the real property as determined by the county property appraiser. In the case of rehabilitation of an existing unit that includes the addition of new living space, sales price or value means the value of the real property, as determined by an appraisal performed by a state-certified appraiser and dated within 12 months of the date construction is to commence or the assessed value of the real property as determined by the county property appraiser, plus the cost of the improvements in either case.
(28) “Very-low-income person” or “very-low-income household” means one or more natural persons or a family that has a total annual gross household income that does not exceed 50 percent of the median annual income adjusted for family size for households within the metropolitan statistical area, the county, or the nonmetropolitan median for the state, whichever is greatest. With respect to rental units, the very-low-income household’s annual income at the time of initial occupancy may not exceed 50 percent of the area’s median income adjusted for family size. While occupying the rental unit, a very-low-income household’s annual income may increase to an amount not to exceed 140 percent of 50 percent of the area’s median income adjusted for family size.
(29) “Assisted housing” or “assisted housing development” means a rental housing development, including rental housing in a mixed-use development, that received or currently receives funding from any federal or state housing program.
(30) “Preservation” means actions taken to keep rents in existing assisted housing affordable for extremely-low-income, very-low-income, low-income, and moderate-income households while ensuring that the property stays in good physical and financial condition for an extended period.
History.s. 32, ch. 92-317; s. 12, ch. 93-181; s. 3, ch. 96-332; s. 1046, ch. 97-103; s. 34, ch. 97-167; s. 14, ch. 98-56; s. 14, ch. 2000-353; s. 21, ch. 2006-69; s. 26, ch. 2009-96; s. 12, ch. 2011-15; s. 66, ch. 2011-139; s. 8, ch. 2016-210.
420.9072 State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program.The State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program is created for the purpose of providing funds to counties and eligible municipalities as an incentive for the creation of local housing partnerships, to expand production of and preserve affordable housing, to further the housing element of the local government comprehensive plan specific to affordable housing, and to increase housing-related employment.
(1)(a) In addition to the legislative findings set forth in s. 420.6015, the Legislature finds that affordable housing is most effectively provided by combining available public and private resources to conserve and improve existing housing and provide new housing for very-low-income households, low-income households, and moderate-income households. The Legislature intends to encourage partnerships in order to secure the benefits of cooperation by the public and private sectors and to reduce the cost of housing for the target group by effectively combining all available resources and cost-saving measures. The Legislature further intends that local governments achieve this combination of resources by encouraging active partnerships between government, lenders, builders and developers, real estate professionals, advocates for low-income persons, and community groups to produce affordable housing and provide related services. Extending the partnership concept to encompass cooperative efforts among small counties as defined in s. 120.52(19), and among counties and municipalities is specifically encouraged. Local governments are also intended to establish an affordable housing advisory committee to recommend monetary and nonmonetary incentives for affordable housing as provided in s. 420.9076.
(b) The Legislature further intends that the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program provide the maximum flexibility to local governments to determine the use of funds for housing programs while ensuring accountability for the efficient use of public resources and guaranteeing that benefits are provided to those in need.
(2)(a) To be eligible to receive funds under the program, a county or eligible municipality must:
1. Submit to the corporation its local housing assistance plan describing the local housing assistance strategies established pursuant to s. 420.9075;
2. Within 12 months after adopting the local housing assistance plan, amend the plan to incorporate the local housing incentive strategies defined in s. 420.9071(16) and described in s. 420.9076; and
3. Within 24 months after adopting the amended local housing assistance plan to incorporate the local housing incentive strategies, amend its land development regulations or establish local policies and procedures, as necessary, to implement the local housing incentive strategies adopted by the local governing body. A county or an eligible municipality that has adopted a housing incentive strategy pursuant to s. 420.9076 before the effective date of this act shall review the status of implementation of the plan according to its adopted schedule for implementation and report its findings in the annual report required by s. 420.9075(10). If, as a result of the review, a county or an eligible municipality determines that the implementation is complete and in accordance with its schedule, no further action is necessary. If a county or an eligible municipality determines that implementation according to its schedule is not complete, it must amend its land development regulations or establish local policies and procedures, as necessary, to implement the housing incentive plan within 12 months after the effective date of this act, or if extenuating circumstances prevent implementation within 12 months, pursuant to s. 420.9075(13), enter into an extension agreement with the corporation.
(b) A county or an eligible municipality seeking approval to receive its share of the local housing distribution must adopt an ordinance containing the following provisions:
1. Creation of a local housing assistance trust fund as described in s. 420.9075(6).
2. Adoption by resolution of a local housing assistance plan as defined in s. 420.9071(14) to be implemented through a local housing partnership as defined in s. 420.9071(18).
3. Designation of the responsibility for the administration of the local housing assistance plan. Such ordinance may also provide for the contracting of all or part of the administrative or other functions of the program to a third person or entity.
4. Creation of the affordable housing advisory committee as provided in s. 420.9076.

The ordinance must not take effect until at least 30 days after the date of formal adoption. Ordinances in effect prior to the effective date of amendments to this section shall be amended as needed to conform to new provisions.

(3)(a) The governing board of the county or of an eligible municipality must submit to the corporation one copy of its local housing assistance plan. The transmittal of the plan must include a copy of the ordinance, the adopting resolution, the local housing assistance plan, and such other information as the corporation requires by rule; however, information to be included in the plan is intended to demonstrate consistency with the requirements of ss. 420.907-420.9079 and corporation rule without posing an undue burden on the local government. Plans shall be reviewed by a committee composed of corporation staff as established by corporation rule.
(b) Within 45 days after receiving a plan, the review committee shall review the plan and either approve it or identify inconsistencies with the requirements of the program. The corporation shall assist a local government in revising its plan if it initially proves to be inconsistent with program requirements. A plan that is revised by the local government to achieve consistency with program requirements shall be reviewed within 45 days after submission. The deadlines for submitting original and revised plans shall be established by corporation rule; however, the corporation shall not require submission of a new local housing assistance plan to implement amendments to this act until the currently effective plan expires.
(c) The Legislature intends that approval of plans be expedited to ensure that the production of needed housing and the related creation of jobs occur as quickly as possible. After being approved for funding, a local government may amend by resolution its local housing assistance plan if the plan as amended complies with program requirements; however, a local government must submit its amended plan for review according to the process established in this subsection in order to ensure continued consistency with the requirements of the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program.
(4) Moneys in the Local Government Housing Trust Fund shall be distributed by the corporation to each approved county and eligible municipality within the county as provided in s. 420.9073. Distributions shall be allocated to the participating county and to each eligible municipality within the county according to an interlocal agreement between the county governing authority and the governing body of the eligible municipality or, if there is no interlocal agreement, according to population. The portion for each eligible municipality is computed by multiplying the total moneys earmarked for a county by a fraction, the numerator of which is the population of the eligible municipality and the denominator of which is the total population of the county. The remaining revenues shall be distributed to the governing body of the county.
(5)(a) Local governments are encouraged to make the most efficient use of their resources by cooperating to provide affordable housing assistance. Local governments may enter into an interlocal agreement for the purpose of establishing a joint local housing assistance plan subject to the requirements of ss. 420.907-420.9079. The local housing distributions for such counties and eligible municipalities shall be directly disbursed on a monthly basis to each county or eligible municipality to be administered in conformity with the interlocal agreement providing for a joint local housing assistance plan.
(b) If a county or eligible municipality enters into an interlocal agreement with a municipality that becomes eligible as a result of entering into that interlocal agreement, the county or eligible municipality that has agreed to transfer the control of funds to a municipality that was not originally eligible must ensure through its local housing assistance plan and through the interlocal agreement that all program funds are used in a manner consistent with ss. 420.907-420.9079. This must be accomplished by:
1. Providing that the use of the portion of funds transferred to the municipality meets all requirements of ss. 420.907-420.9079, or
2. Providing that the use of the portion of funds transferred to the municipality, when taken in combination with the use of the local housing distribution from which funds were transferred, meets all requirements of ss. 420.907-420.9079.
(6) The moneys that otherwise would be distributed pursuant to s. 420.9073 to a local government that does not meet the program’s requirements for receipts of such distributions shall remain in the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to be administered by the corporation.
(7)(a) A county or an eligible municipality must expend its portion of the local housing distribution only to implement a local housing assistance plan or as provided in this subsection.
(b) A county or an eligible municipality may not expend its portion of the local housing distribution to provide ongoing rent subsidies, except for:
1. Security and utility deposit assistance.
2. Eviction prevention not to exceed 6 months’ rent.
3. A rent subsidy program for very-low-income households with at least one adult who is a person with special needs as defined in s. 420.0004 or homeless as defined in s. 420.621. The period of rental assistance may not exceed 12 months for any eligible household.
(8) Funds distributed under this program may not be pledged to pay the debt service on any bonds.
(9) The corporation shall adopt rules necessary to implement ss. 420.907-420.9079.
(10) Notwithstanding ss. 420.9071(26) and 420.9075(5) and subsection (7), for the 2016-2017 fiscal year:
(a) The term “rent subsidies” means ongoing monthly rental assistance.
(b) Up to 25 percent of the funds made available in each county and each eligible municipality from the local housing distribution may be used for rental assistance and rent subsidies as provided in paragraph (c).
(c) A county or an eligible municipality may expend its portion of the local housing distribution to provide the following types of rental assistance and rent subsidies:
1. Security and utility deposit assistance.
2. Eviction prevention subsidies not to exceed 6 months’ rent.
3. Rent subsidies for very-low-income households with at least one adult who is a person with special needs as defined in s. 420.0004 or a person who is homeless as defined in s. 420.621 when the person initially qualified for a rent subsidy. The period of rental subsidy may not exceed 12 months for any eligible household or person.
(d) This subsection expires July 1, 2017.
History.s. 32, ch. 92-317; s. 13, ch. 93-181; s. 35, ch. 97-167; s. 81, ch. 2000-153; s. 22, ch. 2006-69; s. 19, ch. 2008-104; s. 27, ch. 2009-96; s. 14, ch. 2011-3; s. 13, ch. 2011-15; s. 67, ch. 2015-222; s. 103, ch. 2016-62; s. 9, ch. 2016-210.
420.9073 Local housing distributions.
(1) Distributions calculated in this section shall be disbursed on a quarterly or more frequent basis by the corporation pursuant to s. 420.9072, subject to availability of funds. Each county’s share of the funds to be distributed from the portion of the funds in the Local Government Housing Trust Fund received pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) shall be calculated by the corporation for each fiscal year as follows:
(a) Each county other than a county that has implemented chapter 83-220, Laws of Florida, as amended by chapters 84-270, 86-152, and 89-252, Laws of Florida, shall receive the guaranteed amount for each fiscal year.
(b) Each county other than a county that has implemented chapter 83-220, Laws of Florida, as amended by chapters 84-270, 86-152, and 89-252, Laws of Florida, may receive an additional share calculated as follows:
1. Multiply each county’s percentage of the total state population excluding the population of any county that has implemented chapter 83-220, Laws of Florida, as amended by chapters 84-270, 86-152, and 89-252, Laws of Florida, by the total funds to be distributed.
2. If the result in subparagraph 1. is less than the guaranteed amount as determined in subsection (3), that county’s additional share shall be zero.
3. For each county in which the result in subparagraph 1. is greater than the guaranteed amount as determined in subsection (3), the amount calculated in subparagraph 1. shall be reduced by the guaranteed amount. The result for each such county shall be expressed as a percentage of the amounts so determined for all counties. Each such county shall receive an additional share equal to such percentage multiplied by the total funds received by the Local Government Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) reduced by the guaranteed amount paid to all counties.
(2) Distributions calculated in this section shall be disbursed on a quarterly or more frequent basis by the corporation pursuant to s. 420.9072, subject to availability of funds. Each county’s share of the funds to be distributed from the portion of the funds in the Local Government Housing Trust Fund received pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(d) shall be calculated by the corporation for each fiscal year as follows:
(a) Each county shall receive the guaranteed amount for each fiscal year.
(b) Each county may receive an additional share calculated as follows:
1. Multiply each county’s percentage of the total state population, by the total funds to be distributed.
2. If the result in subparagraph 1. is less than the guaranteed amount as determined in subsection (3), that county’s additional share shall be zero.
3. For each county in which the result in subparagraph 1. is greater than the guaranteed amount, the amount calculated in subparagraph 1. shall be reduced by the guaranteed amount. The result for each such county shall be expressed as a percentage of the amounts so determined for all counties. Each such county shall receive an additional share equal to this percentage multiplied by the total funds received by the Local Government Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(d) as reduced by the guaranteed amount paid to all counties.
(3) Calculation of guaranteed amounts:
(a) The guaranteed amount under subsection (1) shall be calculated for each state fiscal year by multiplying $350,000 by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount of funds distributed to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) and the denominator of which is the total amount of funds distributed to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15.
(b) The guaranteed amount under subsection (2) shall be calculated for each state fiscal year by multiplying $350,000 by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount of funds distributed to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(d) and the denominator of which is the total amount of funds distributed to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund pursuant to s. 201.15.
(4) Funds distributed pursuant to this section may not be pledged to pay debt service on any bonds.
(5) Notwithstanding subsections (1)-(4), the corporation may withhold up to $5 million of the total amount distributed each fiscal year from the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to provide additional funding to counties and eligible municipalities where a state of emergency has been declared by the Governor pursuant to chapter 252. Any portion of the withheld funds not distributed by the end of the fiscal year shall be distributed as provided in subsections (1) and (2).
(6) Notwithstanding subsections (1)-(4), the corporation may withhold up to $5 million from the total amount distributed each fiscal year from the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to provide funding to counties and eligible municipalities to purchase properties subject to a State Housing Initiative Partnership Program lien and on which foreclosure proceedings have been initiated by any mortgagee. Each county and eligible municipality that receives funds under this subsection shall repay such funds to the corporation not later than the expenditure deadline for the fiscal year in which the funds were awarded. Amounts not repaid shall be withheld from the subsequent year’s distribution. Any portion of such funds not distributed under this subsection by the end of the fiscal year shall be distributed as provided in subsections (1) and (2).
(7) A county receiving local housing distributions under this section or an eligible municipality that receives local housing distributions under an interlocal agreement shall expend those funds in accordance with the provisions of ss. 420.907-420.9079, rules of the corporation, and the county’s local housing assistance plan.
History.s. 32, ch. 92-317; s. 36, ch. 97-167; s. 15, ch. 98-56; s. 49, ch. 99-247; ss. 82, 83, ch. 2000-153; s. 28, ch. 2009-96; s. 14, ch. 2011-15; s. 78, ch. 2015-229.
420.9075 Local housing assistance plans; partnerships.
(1)(a) Each county or eligible municipality participating in the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program shall develop and implement a local housing assistance plan created to make affordable residential units available to persons of very low income, low income, or moderate income and to persons who have special housing needs, including, but not limited to, homeless people, the elderly, migrant farmworkers, and persons with disabilities. Counties or eligible municipalities may include strategies to assist persons and households having annual incomes of not more than 140 percent of area median income. The plans are intended to increase the availability of affordable residential units by combining local resources and cost-saving measures into a local housing partnership and using private and public funds to reduce the cost of housing.
(b) Local housing assistance plans may allocate funds to:
1. Implement local housing assistance strategies for the provision of affordable housing.
2. Supplement funds available to the corporation to provide enhanced funding of state housing programs within the county or the eligible municipality.
3. Provide the local matching share of federal affordable housing grants or programs.
4. Fund emergency repairs, including, but not limited to, repairs performed by existing service providers under weatherization assistance programs under ss. 409.509-409.5093.
5. Further the housing element of the local government comprehensive plan adopted pursuant to s. 163.3184, specific to affordable housing.
(2)(a) Each county and each eligible municipality participating in the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program shall encourage the involvement of appropriate public sector and private sector entities as partners in order to combine resources to reduce housing costs for the targeted population. This partnership process should involve:
1. Lending institutions.
2. Housing builders and developers.
3. Nonprofit and other community-based housing and service organizations.
4. Providers of professional services relating to affordable housing.
5. Advocates for low-income persons, including, but not limited to, homeless people, the elderly, and migrant farmworkers.
6. Real estate professionals.
7. Other persons or entities who can assist in providing housing or related support services.
8. Lead agencies of local homeless assistance continuums of care.
(b) The specific participants in partnership activities may vary according to the community’s resources and the nature of the local housing assistance plan.
(3)(a) Each local housing assistance plan shall include a definition of essential service personnel for the county or eligible municipality, including, but not limited to, teachers and educators, other school district, community college, and university employees, police and fire personnel, health care personnel, skilled building trades personnel, and other job categories.
(b) Each county and each eligible municipality is encouraged to develop a strategy within its local housing assistance plan that emphasizes the recruitment and retention of essential service personnel. The local government is encouraged to involve public and private sector employers. Compliance with the eligibility criteria established under this strategy shall be verified by the county or eligible municipality.
(c) Each county and each eligible municipality is encouraged to develop a strategy within its local housing assistance plan that addresses the needs of persons who are deprived of affordable housing due to the closure of a mobile home park or the conversion of affordable rental units to condominiums.
(d) Each county and each eligible municipality shall describe initiatives in the local housing assistance plan to encourage or require innovative design, green building principles, storm-resistant construction, or other elements that reduce long-term costs relating to maintenance, utilities, or insurance.
(e) Each county and each eligible municipality is encouraged to develop a strategy within its local housing assistance plan which provides program funds for the preservation of assisted housing.
(f) Each county and each eligible municipality is encouraged to develop a strategy within its local housing assistance plan which provides program funds for reducing homelessness.
(g) Local governments may create regional partnerships across jurisdictional boundaries through the pooling of appropriated funds to address homeless housing needs identified in local housing assistance plans.
(4) Each local housing assistance plan is governed by the following criteria and administrative procedures:
(a) Each county, eligible municipality, or entity formed through interlocal agreement to participate in the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program must develop a qualification system and selection criteria for applications for awards by eligible sponsors, adopt criteria for the selection of eligible persons, and adopt a maximum award schedule or system of amounts consistent with the intent and budget of its local housing assistance plan, with ss. 420.907-420.9079, and with corporation rule.
(b) The county or eligible municipality or its administrative representative shall advertise the notice of funding availability in a newspaper of general circulation and periodicals serving ethnic and diverse neighborhoods, at least 30 days before the beginning of the application period. If no funding is available due to a waiting list, no notice of funding availability is required.
(c) In accordance with the provisions of ss. 760.20-760.37, it is unlawful to discriminate on the basis of race, creed, religion, color, age, sex, marital status, familial status, national origin, or handicap in the award application process for eligible housing.
(d) As a condition of receipt of an award, the eligible sponsor or eligible person must contractually commit to comply with the affordable housing criteria provided under ss. 420.907-420.9079 applicable to the affordable housing objective of the award. The plan criteria adopted by the county or eligible municipality must prescribe the contractual obligations required to ensure compliance with award conditions.
(e) The staff or entity that has administrative authority for implementing a local housing assistance plan assisting rental developments shall annually monitor and determine tenant eligibility or, to the extent another governmental entity or corporation program provides periodic monitoring and determination, a municipality, county, or local housing financing authority may rely on such monitoring and determination of tenant eligibility. However, any loan or grant in the original amount of $10,000 or less is not subject to these annual monitoring and determination of tenant eligibility requirements.
(5) The following criteria apply to awards made to eligible sponsors or eligible persons for the purpose of providing eligible housing:
(a) At least 65 percent of the funds made available in each county and eligible municipality from the local housing distribution must be reserved for home ownership for eligible persons.
(b) Up to 25 percent of the funds made available in each county and eligible municipality from the local housing distribution may be reserved for rental housing for eligible persons or for the purposes enumerated in s. 420.9072(7)(b).
(c) At least 75 percent of the funds made available in each county and eligible municipality from the local housing distribution must be reserved for construction, rehabilitation, or emergency repair of affordable, eligible housing.
(d) Each local government must use a minimum of 20 percent of its local housing distribution to serve persons with special needs as defined in s. 420.0004. A local government must certify that it will meet this requirement through existing approved strategies in the local housing assistance plan or submit a new local housing assistance plan strategy for this purpose to the corporation for approval to ensure that the plan meets this requirement. The first priority of these special needs funds must be to serve persons with developmental disabilities as defined in s. 393.063, with an emphasis on home modifications, including technological enhancements and devices, which will allow homeowners to remain independent in their own homes and maintain their homeownership.
(e) Not more than 20 percent of the funds made available in each county and eligible municipality from the local housing distribution may be used for manufactured housing.
(f) The sales price or value of new or existing eligible housing may not exceed 90 percent of the average area purchase price in the statistical area in which the eligible housing is located. Such average area purchase price may be that calculated for any 12-month period beginning not earlier than the fourth calendar year prior to the year in which the award occurs or as otherwise established by the United States Department of the Treasury.
(g)1. All units constructed, rehabilitated, or otherwise assisted with the funds provided from the local housing assistance trust fund must be occupied by very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons except as otherwise provided in this section.
2. At least 30 percent of the funds deposited into the local housing assistance trust fund must be reserved for awards to very-low-income persons or eligible sponsors who will serve very-low-income persons and at least an additional 30 percent of the funds deposited into the local housing assistance trust fund must be reserved for awards to low-income persons or eligible sponsors who will serve low-income persons. This subparagraph does not apply to a county or an eligible municipality that includes, or has included within the previous 5 years, an area of critical state concern designated or ratified by the Legislature for which the Legislature has declared its intent to provide affordable housing. The exemption created by this act expires on July 1, 2013, and shall apply retroactively.
(h) Loans shall be provided for periods not exceeding 30 years, except for deferred payment loans or loans that extend beyond 30 years which continue to serve eligible persons.
(i) Loans or grants for eligible rental housing constructed, rehabilitated, or otherwise assisted from the local housing assistance trust fund must be subject to recapture requirements as provided by the county or eligible municipality in its local housing assistance plan unless reserved for eligible persons for 15 years or the term of the assistance, whichever period is longer. Eligible sponsors that offer rental housing for sale before 15 years or that have remaining mortgages funded under this program must give a first right of refusal to eligible nonprofit organizations for purchase at the current market value for continued occupancy by eligible persons.
(j) Loans or grants for eligible owner-occupied housing constructed, rehabilitated, or otherwise assisted from proceeds provided from the local housing assistance trust fund shall be subject to recapture requirements as provided by the county or eligible municipality in its local housing assistance plan.
(k) The total amount of monthly mortgage payments or the amount of monthly rent charged by the eligible sponsor or her or his designee must be made affordable.
(l) The maximum sales price or value per unit and the maximum award per unit for eligible housing benefiting from awards made pursuant to this section must be established in the local housing assistance plan.
(m) The benefit of assistance provided through the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program must accrue to eligible persons occupying eligible housing. This provision shall not be construed to prohibit use of the local housing distribution funds for a mixed income rental development.
(n) Funds from the local housing distribution not used to meet the criteria established in paragraph (a) or paragraph (c) or not used for the administration of a local housing assistance plan must be used for housing production and finance activities, including, but not limited to, financing preconstruction activities or the purchase of existing units, providing rental housing, and providing home ownership training to prospective home buyers and owners of homes assisted through the local housing assistance plan.
1. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (c), program income as defined in s. 420.9071(24) may also be used to fund activities described in this paragraph.
2. When preconstruction due-diligence activities conducted as part of a preservation strategy show that preservation of the units is not feasible and will not result in the production of an eligible unit, such costs shall be deemed a program expense rather than an administrative expense if such program expenses do not exceed 3 percent of the annual local housing distribution.
3. If both an award under the local housing assistance plan and federal low-income housing tax credits are used to assist a project and there is a conflict between the criteria prescribed in this subsection and the requirements of s. 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, the county or eligible municipality may resolve the conflict by giving precedence to the requirements of s. 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, in lieu of following the criteria prescribed in this subsection with the exception of paragraphs (a) and (g) of this subsection.
4. Each county and each eligible municipality may award funds as a grant for construction, rehabilitation, or repair as part of disaster recovery or emergency repairs or to remedy accessibility or health and safety deficiencies. Any other grants must be approved as part of the local housing assistance plan.
(6) Each county or eligible municipality receiving local housing distribution moneys shall establish and maintain a local housing assistance trust fund. All moneys of a county or an eligible municipality received from its share of the local housing distribution, program income, recaptured funds, and other funds received or budgeted to implement the local housing assistance plan shall be deposited into the trust fund; however, local housing distribution moneys used to match federal HOME program moneys may be repaid to the HOME program fund if required by federal law or regulations. Expenditures other than for the administration and implementation of the local housing assistance plan may not be made from the fund.
(7) The moneys deposited in the local housing assistance trust fund shall be used to administer and implement the local housing assistance plan. The cost of administering the plan may not exceed 5 percent of the local housing distribution moneys and program income deposited into the trust fund. A county or an eligible municipality may not exceed the 5-percent limitation on administrative costs, unless its governing body finds, by resolution, that 5 percent of the local housing distribution plus 5 percent of program income is insufficient to adequately pay the necessary costs of administering the local housing assistance plan. The cost of administering the program may not exceed 10 percent of the local housing distribution plus 5 percent of program income deposited into the trust fund, except that small counties, as defined in s. 120.52(19), and eligible municipalities receiving a local housing distribution of up to $350,000 may use up to 10 percent of program income for administrative costs.
(8) Pursuant to s. 420.531, the corporation shall provide training and technical assistance to local governments regarding the creation of partnerships, the design of local housing assistance strategies, the implementation of local housing incentive strategies, and the provision of support services.
(9) The corporation shall monitor the activities of local governments to determine compliance with program requirements and shall collect data on the operation and achievements of housing partnerships.
(10) Each county or eligible municipality shall submit to the corporation by September 15 of each year a report of its affordable housing programs and accomplishments through June 30 immediately preceding submittal of the report. The report shall be certified as accurate and complete by the local government’s chief elected official or his or her designee. Transmittal of the annual report by a county’s or eligible municipality’s chief elected official, or his or her designee, certifies that the local housing incentive strategies, or, if applicable, the local housing incentive plan, have been implemented or are in the process of being implemented pursuant to the adopted schedule for implementation. The report must include, but is not limited to:
(a) The number of households served by income category, age, family size, and race, and data regarding any special needs populations such as farmworkers, homeless persons, persons with disabilities, and the elderly. Counties shall report this information separately for households served in the unincorporated area and each municipality within the county.
(b) The number of units and the average cost of producing units under each local housing assistance strategy.
(c) The average area purchase price of single-family units and the amount of rent charged for a rental unit based on unit size.
(d) By income category, the number of mortgages made, the average mortgage amount, and the rate of default.
(e) A description of the status of implementation of each local housing incentive strategy, or if applicable, the local housing incentive plan as set forth in the local government’s adopted schedule for implementation.
(f) A concise description of the support services that are available to the residents of affordable housing provided by local programs.
(g) The sales price or value of housing produced and an accounting of what percentage was financed by the local housing distribution, other public moneys, and private resources.
(h) Such other data or affordable housing accomplishments considered significant by the reporting county or eligible municipality or by the corporation.
(i) A description of efforts to reduce homelessness.
(11) The report shall be made available by the county or eligible municipality for public inspection and comment prior to certifying the report and transmitting it to the corporation. The county or eligible municipality shall provide notice of the availability of the proposed report and solicit public comment. The notice must state the public place where a copy of the proposed report can be obtained by interested persons. Members of the public may submit written comments on the report to the county or eligible municipality and the corporation. Written public comments shall identify the author by name, address, and interest affected. The county or eligible municipality shall attach a copy of all such written comments and its responses to the annual report submitted to the corporation.
(12) The corporation shall review the report of each county or eligible municipality and any written comments from the public and include any comments concerning the effectiveness of local programs in the report required by s. 420.511.
(13)(a) If, as a result of the review of the annual report or public comment and written response from the county or eligible municipality, or at any other time, the corporation determines that a county or eligible municipality may have established a pattern of violation of the criteria for a local housing assistance plan established under ss. 420.907-420.9079 or that an eligible sponsor or eligible person has violated the applicable award conditions, the corporation shall report such pattern of violation of criteria or violation of award conditions to its compliance monitoring agent and the Executive Office of the Governor. The corporation’s compliance monitoring agent must determine within 60 days whether the county or eligible municipality has violated program criteria and shall issue a written report thereon. If a violation has occurred, the distribution of program funds to the county or eligible municipality must be suspended until the violation is corrected.
(b) If, as a result of its review of the annual report, the corporation determines that a county or eligible municipality has failed to implement a local housing incentive strategy, or, if applicable, a local housing incentive plan, it shall send a notice of termination of the local government’s share of the local housing distribution by certified mail to the affected county or eligible municipality.
1. The notice must specify a date of termination of the funding if the affected county or eligible municipality does not implement the plan or strategy and provide for a local response. A county or eligible municipality shall respond to the corporation within 30 days after receipt of the notice of termination.
2. The corporation shall consider the local response that extenuating circumstances precluded implementation and grant an extension to the timeframe for implementation. Such an extension shall be made in the form of an extension agreement that provides a timeframe for implementation. The chief elected official of a county or eligible municipality or his or her designee shall have the authority to enter into the agreement on behalf of the local government.
3. If the county or the eligible municipality has not implemented the incentive strategy or entered into an extension agreement by the termination date specified in the notice, the local housing distribution share terminates, and any uncommitted local housing distribution funds held by the affected county or eligible municipality in its local housing assistance trust fund shall be transferred to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to the credit of the corporation to administer.
4.a. If the affected local government fails to meet the timeframes specified in the agreement, the corporation shall terminate funds. The corporation shall send a notice of termination of the local government’s share of the local housing distribution by certified mail to the affected local government. The notice shall specify the termination date, and any uncommitted funds held by the affected local government shall be transferred to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to the credit of the corporation to administer.
b. If the corporation terminates funds to a county, but an eligible municipality receiving a local housing distribution pursuant to an interlocal agreement maintains compliance with program requirements, the corporation shall thereafter distribute directly to the participating eligible municipality its share calculated in the manner provided in ss. 420.9072 and 420.9073.
c. Any county or eligible municipality whose local distribution share has been terminated may subsequently elect to receive directly its local distribution share by adopting the ordinance, resolution, and local housing assistance plan in the manner and according to the procedures provided in ss. 420.907-420.9079.
(14) If the corporation determines that a county or eligible municipality has expended program funds for an ineligible activity, the corporation shall require such funds to be repaid to the local housing assistance trust fund. Such repayment may not be made with funds from the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program.
History.s. 32, ch. 92-317; s. 14, ch. 93-181; s. 5, ch. 95-153; s. 9, ch. 95-396; s. 81, ch. 97-103; s. 37, ch. 97-167; s. 15, ch. 2000-353; s. 14, ch. 2001-98; s. 7, ch. 2002-160; s. 24, ch. 2004-243; s. 23, ch. 2006-69; s. 20, ch. 2008-104; s. 29, ch. 2009-96; s. 15, ch. 2011-15; s. 10, ch. 2016-210.
420.9076 Adoption of affordable housing incentive strategies; committees.
(1) Each county or eligible municipality participating in the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program, including a municipality receiving program funds through the county, or an eligible municipality must, within 12 months after the original adoption of the local housing assistance plan, amend the plan to include local housing incentive strategies as defined in s. 420.9071(16).
(2) The governing board of a county or municipality shall appoint the members of the affordable housing advisory committee. Pursuant to the terms of any interlocal agreement, a county and municipality may create and jointly appoint an advisory committee. The local action adopted pursuant to s. 420.9072 which creates the advisory committee and appoints the advisory committee members must name at least 8 but not more than 11 committee members and specify their terms. The committee must consist of one representative from at least six of the categories below:
(a) A citizen who is actively engaged in the residential home building industry in connection with affordable housing.
(b) A citizen who is actively engaged in the banking or mortgage banking industry in connection with affordable housing.
(c) A citizen who is a representative of those areas of labor actively engaged in home building in connection with affordable housing.
(d) A citizen who is actively engaged as an advocate for low-income persons in connection with affordable housing.
(e) A citizen who is actively engaged as a for-profit provider of affordable housing.
(f) A citizen who is actively engaged as a not-for-profit provider of affordable housing.
(g) A citizen who is actively engaged as a real estate professional in connection with affordable housing.
(h) A citizen who actively serves on the local planning agency pursuant to s. 163.3174. If the local planning agency is comprised of the governing board of the county or municipality, the governing board may appoint a designee who is knowledgeable in the local planning process.
(i) A citizen who resides within the jurisdiction of the local governing body making the appointments.
(j) A citizen who represents employers within the jurisdiction.
(k) A citizen who represents essential services personnel, as defined in the local housing assistance plan.
(3) All meetings of the advisory committee are public meetings, and all committee records are public records. Staff, administrative, and facility support to the advisory committee shall be provided by the appointing county or eligible municipality.
(4) Triennially, the advisory committee shall review the established policies and procedures, ordinances, land development regulations, and adopted local government comprehensive plan of the appointing local government and shall recommend specific actions or initiatives to encourage or facilitate affordable housing while protecting the ability of the property to appreciate in value. The recommendations may include the modification or repeal of existing policies, procedures, ordinances, regulations, or plan provisions; the creation of exceptions applicable to affordable housing; or the adoption of new policies, procedures, regulations, ordinances, or plan provisions, including recommendations to amend the local government comprehensive plan and corresponding regulations, ordinances, and other policies. At a minimum, each advisory committee shall submit a report to the local governing body that includes recommendations on, and triennially thereafter evaluates the implementation of, affordable housing incentives in the following areas:
(a) The processing of approvals of development orders or permits for affordable housing projects is expedited to a greater degree than other projects, as provided in s. 163.3177(6)(f)3.
(b) The modification of impact-fee requirements, including reduction or waiver of fees and alternative methods of fee payment for affordable housing.
(c) The allowance of flexibility in densities for affordable housing.
(d) The reservation of infrastructure capacity for housing for very-low-income persons, low-income persons, and moderate-income persons.
(e) The allowance of affordable accessory residential units in residential zoning districts.
(f) The reduction of parking and setback requirements for affordable housing.
(g) The allowance of flexible lot configurations, including zero-lot-line configurations for affordable housing.
(h) The modification of street requirements for affordable housing.
(i) The establishment of a process by which a local government considers, before adoption, policies, procedures, ordinances, regulations, or plan provisions that increase the cost of housing.
(j) The preparation of a printed inventory of locally owned public lands suitable for affordable housing.
(k) The support of development near transportation hubs and major employment centers and mixed-use developments.

The advisory committee recommendations may also include other affordable housing incentives identified by the advisory committee. Local governments that receive the minimum allocation under the State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program shall perform the initial review but may elect to not perform the triennial review.

(5) The approval by the advisory committee of its local housing incentive strategies recommendations and its review of local government implementation of previously recommended strategies must be made by affirmative vote of a majority of the membership of the advisory committee taken at a public hearing. Notice of the time, date, and place of the public hearing of the advisory committee to adopt its evaluation and final local housing incentive strategies recommendations must be published in a newspaper of general paid circulation in the county. The notice must contain a short and concise summary of the evaluation and local housing incentives strategies recommendations to be considered by the advisory committee. The notice must state the public place where a copy of the evaluation and tentative advisory committee recommendations can be obtained by interested persons. The final report, evaluation, and recommendations shall be submitted to the corporation.
(6) Within 90 days after the date of receipt of the evaluation and local housing incentive strategies recommendations from the advisory committee, the governing body of the appointing local government shall adopt an amendment to its local housing assistance plan to incorporate the local housing incentive strategies it will implement within its jurisdiction. The amendment must include, at a minimum, the local housing incentive strategies required under s. 420.9071(16). The local government must consider the strategies specified in paragraphs (4)(a)-(k) as recommended by the advisory committee.
(7) The governing board of the county or the eligible municipality shall notify the corporation by certified mail of its adoption of an amendment of its local housing assistance plan to incorporate local housing incentive strategies. The notice must include a copy of the approved amended plan.
(a) If the corporation fails to receive timely the approved amended local housing assistance plan to incorporate local housing incentive strategies, a notice of termination of its share of the local housing distribution shall be sent by certified mail by the corporation to the affected county or eligible municipality. The notice of termination must specify a date of termination of the funding if the affected county or eligible municipality has not adopted an amended local housing assistance plan to incorporate local housing incentive strategies. If the county or the eligible municipality has not adopted an amended local housing assistance plan to incorporate local housing incentive strategies by the termination date specified in the notice of termination, the local distribution share terminates; and any uncommitted local distribution funds held by the affected county or eligible municipality in its local housing assistance trust fund shall be transferred to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund to the credit of the corporation to administer the local government housing program.
(b) If a county fails to timely adopt an amended local housing assistance plan to incorporate local housing incentive strategies but an eligible municipality receiving a local housing distribution pursuant to an interlocal agreement within the county does timely adopt an amended local housing assistance plan to incorporate local housing incentive strategies, the corporation, after issuance of a notice of termination, shall thereafter distribute directly to the participating eligible municipality its share calculated in the manner provided in s. 420.9073.
(c) Any county or eligible municipality whose local distribution share has been terminated may subsequently elect to receive directly its local distribution share by adopting an amended local housing assistance plan to incorporate local housing incentive strategies in the manner and according to the procedure provided in this section and by adopting an ordinance in the manner required in s. 420.9072.
(8) The advisory committee may perform other duties at the request of the local government, including:
(a) The provision of mentoring services to affordable housing partners including developers, banking institutions, employers, and others to identify available incentives, assist with applications for funding requests, and develop partnerships between various parties.
(b) The creation of best practices for the development of affordable housing in the community.
(9) The advisory committee shall be cooperatively staffed by the local government department or division having authority to administer local planning or housing programs to ensure an integrated approach to the work of the advisory committee.
History.s. 32, ch. 92-317; s. 15, ch. 93-181; s. 38, ch. 97-167; s. 24, ch. 2006-69; s. 19, ch. 2007-198; s. 117, ch. 2008-4; s. 30, ch. 2009-96; s. 16, ch. 2011-15; s. 67, ch. 2011-139; s. 11, ch. 2016-210.
420.9079 Local Government Housing Trust Fund.
(1) There is created in the State Treasury the Local Government Housing Trust Fund, which shall be administered by the corporation on behalf of the department according to the provisions of ss. 420.907-420.9076 and this section. There shall be deposited into the fund a portion of the documentary stamp tax revenues as provided in s. 201.15, moneys received from any other source for the purposes of ss. 420.907-420.9076 and this section, and all proceeds derived from the investment of such moneys. Moneys in the fund that are not currently needed for the purposes of the programs administered pursuant to ss. 420.907-420.9076 and this section shall be deposited to the credit of the fund and may be invested as provided by law. The interest received on any such investment shall be credited to the fund.
(2) The corporation shall administer the fund exclusively for the purpose of implementing the programs described in ss. 420.907-420.9076 and this section. With the exception of monitoring the activities of counties and eligible municipalities to determine local compliance with program requirements, the corporation shall not receive appropriations from the fund for administrative or personnel costs. For the purpose of implementing the compliance monitoring provisions of s. 420.9075(9), the corporation may request a maximum of one-quarter of 1 percent of the annual appropriation per state fiscal year. When such funding is appropriated, the corporation shall deduct the amount appropriated prior to calculating the local housing distribution pursuant to ss. 420.9072 and 420.9073.
History.s. 32, ch. 92-317; s. 40, ch. 97-167; s. 16, ch. 98-56; s. 25, ch. 2006-69; s. 11, ch. 2009-2; s. 32, ch. 2009-96; s. 18, ch. 2011-15; s. 87, ch. 2015-229.
420.9089 National Housing Trust Fund.The Legislature finds that more funding for housing to assist individuals and families who are experiencing homelessness or who are at risk of homelessness is needed and encourages the state entity designated to administer funds made available to the state from the National Housing Trust Fund to propose an allocation plan that includes strategies to reduce homelessness and the risk of homelessness in this state. These strategies shall be in addition to strategies developed under s. 420.5087.
History.s. 12, ch. 2016-210.