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The Florida Statutes

The 2018 Florida Statutes

Title XXXVII
INSURANCE
Chapter 626
INSURANCE FIELD REPRESENTATIVES AND OPERATIONS
View Entire Chapter
CHAPTER 626
CHAPTER 626
INSURANCE FIELD REPRESENTATIVES AND OPERATIONS
PART I
INSURANCE REPRESENTATIVES: LICENSING PROCEDURES AND GENERAL
REQUIREMENTS
(ss. 626.011-626.711)
PART II
GENERAL LINES AGENTS
(ss. 626.726-626.754)
PART III
LIFE INSURANCE AGENTS
(ss. 626.776-626.798)
PART IV
HEALTH INSURANCE AGENTS
(ss. 626.826-626.839)
PART V
TITLE INSURANCE AGENTS
(ss. 626.841-626.8473)
PART VI
INSURANCE ADJUSTERS
(ss. 626.851-626.8797)
PART VII
INSURANCE ADMINISTRATORS
(ss. 626.88-626.8991)
PART VIII
UNAUTHORIZED INSURERS AND SURPLUS LINES
(ss. 626.901-626.939)
PART IX
UNFAIR INSURANCE TRADE PRACTICES
(ss. 626.951-626.99)
PART X
VIATICAL SETTLEMENTS
(ss. 626.991-626.99295)
PART XI
STRUCTURED SETTLEMENTS
(s. 626.99296)
PART XII
INTERSTATE INSURANCE PRODUCT REGULATION
(ss. 626.9931-626.9938)
PART XIII
NAVIGATORS
(ss. 626.995-626.9958)
PART I
INSURANCE REPRESENTATIVES: LICENSING
PROCEDURES AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
626.011 Short title.
626.015 Definitions.
626.016 Powers and duties of department, commission, and office.
626.022 Scope of part.
626.025 Consumer protections.
626.0428 Agency personnel powers, duties, and limitations.
626.112 License and appointment required; agents, customer representatives, adjusters, insurance agencies, service representatives, managing general agents.
626.141 Violation not to affect validity of insurance.
626.161 Licensing forms.
626.171 Application for license as an agent, customer representative, adjuster, service representative, or reinsurance intermediary.
626.172 Application for insurance agency license.
626.175 Temporary licensing.
626.181 Number of applications for licensure required.
626.191 Repeated applications.
626.201 Investigation.
626.202 Fingerprinting requirements.
626.207 Disqualification of applicants and licensees; penalties against licensees; rulemaking authority.
626.211 Approval, disapproval of application.
626.221 Examination requirement; exemptions.
626.231 Eligibility; application for examination.
626.241 Scope of examination.
626.2415 Annual report of results of life insurance examinations.
626.251 Time and place of examination; notice.
626.261 Conduct of examination.
626.266 Printing of examinations or related materials to preserve examination security.
626.271 Examination fee; determination, refund.
626.281 Reexamination.
626.2815 Continuing education requirements.
626.2816 Regulation of continuing education for licensees, course providers, instructors, school officials, and monitor groups.
626.2817 Regulation of course providers, instructors, and school officials involved in prelicensure education for insurance agents and other licensees.
626.291 Examination results; denial, issuance of license.
626.292 Transfer of license from another state.
626.301 Form and contents of licenses, in general.
626.311 Scope of license.
626.321 Limited licenses.
626.322 License, appointment; certain military installations.
626.331 Number of appointments permitted or required.
626.341 Additional appointments; general lines, life, and health agents.
626.342 Furnishing supplies to unlicensed agent prohibited; civil liability.
626.371 Payment of fees, taxes for appointment period without appointment.
626.381 Renewal, continuation, reinstatement, or termination of appointment.
626.382 Continuation, expiration of license; insurance agencies.
626.431 Effect of expiration of license and appointment.
626.441 License or appointment; transferability.
626.451 Appointment of agent or other representative.
626.461 Continuation of appointment of agent or other representative.
626.471 Termination of appointment.
626.511 Reasons for termination; confidential information.
626.521 Credit and character reports.
626.536 Reporting of administrative actions.
626.541 Firm, corporate, and business names; officers; associates; notice of changes.
626.551 Notice of change of address, name.
626.561 Reporting and accounting for funds.
626.571 Delinquent agencies; notice of trusteeship.
626.5715 Parity of regulation of insurance agents and agencies.
626.572 Rebating; when allowed.
626.581 Commissions contingent upon adjustment savings; prohibition.
626.591 Penalty for violation of s. 626.581.
626.593 Insurance agent; written contract for compensation.
626.601 Improper conduct; inquiry; fingerprinting.
626.602 Insurance agency names; disapproval.
626.611 Grounds for compulsory refusal, suspension, or revocation of agent’s, title agency’s, adjuster’s, customer representative’s, service representative’s, or managing general agent’s license or appointment.
626.6115 Grounds for compulsory refusal, suspension, or revocation of insurance agency license.
626.621 Grounds for discretionary refusal, suspension, or revocation of agent’s, adjuster’s, customer representative’s, service representative’s, or managing general agent’s license or appointment.
626.6215 Grounds for discretionary refusal, suspension, or revocation of insurance agency license.
626.631 Procedure for refusal, suspension, or revocation of license.
626.641 Duration of suspension or revocation.
626.651 Effect of suspension, revocation upon associated licenses and appointments and licensees and appointees.
626.6515 Effect of suspension or revocation upon associated agencies.
626.661 Surrender of license.
626.681 Administrative fine in lieu of or in addition to suspension, revocation, or refusal of license, appointment, or disapproval.
626.691 Probation.
626.692 Restitution.
626.711 Retaliatory provision, agents.
626.011 Short title.This part may be referred to as the “Licensing Procedures Law.”
History.s. 181, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.015 Definitions.As used in this part:
(1) “Active participant” means a member in good standing of an association who attends 4 or more hours of association meetings every year, not including any department-approved continuing education course.
(2) “Adjuster” means a public adjuster as defined in s. 626.854 or an all-lines adjuster as defined in s. 626.8548.
(3) “Agent” means a general lines agent, life agent, health agent, or title agent, or all such agents, as indicated by context. The term “agent” includes an insurance producer or producer, but does not include a customer representative, limited customer representative, or service representative.
(4) “Appointment” means the authority given by an insurer or employer to a licensee to transact insurance or adjust claims on behalf of an insurer or employer.
(5) “Association” includes the Florida Association of Insurance Agents (FAIA), the National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors (NAIFA), the Florida Association of Health Underwriters (FAHU), the Latin American Association of Insurance Agencies (LAAIA), the Florida Association of Public Insurance Adjusters (FAPIA), the Florida Bail Agents Association (FBAA), or the Professional Bail Agents of the United States (PBUS).
(6) “Customer representative” means an individual appointed by a general lines agent or agency to assist that agent or agency in transacting the business of insurance from the office of that agent or agency.
(7) “General lines agent” means an agent transacting any one or more of the following kinds of insurance:
(a) Property insurance.
(b) Casualty insurance, including commercial liability insurance underwritten by a risk retention group, a commercial self-insurance fund as defined in s. 624.462, or a workers’ compensation self-insurance fund established pursuant to s. 624.4621.
(c) Surety insurance.
(d) Health insurance.
(e) Marine insurance.
(8) “Health agent” means an agent representing a health maintenance organization or, as to health insurance only, an insurer transacting health insurance.
(9) “Home state” means the District of Columbia and any state or territory of the United States in which an agent or adjuster maintains his or her principal place of residence or principal place of business and is licensed to act as an insurance agent or adjuster.
(10) “Insurance agency” means a business location at which an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity, other than an employee of the individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity and other than an insurer as defined by s. 624.03 or an adjuster as defined by subsection (2), engages in any activity or employs individuals to engage in any activity which by law may be performed only by a licensed insurance agent.
(11) “License” means a document issued by the department or office authorizing a person to be appointed to transact insurance or adjust claims for the kind, line, or class of insurance identified in the document.
(12) “Life agent” means an individual representing an insurer as to life insurance and annuity contracts, or acting as a viatical settlement broker as defined in s. 626.9911, including agents appointed to transact life insurance, fixed-dollar annuity contracts, or variable contracts by the same insurer.
(13) “Limited customer representative” means a customer representative appointed by a general lines agent or agency to assist that agent or agency in transacting only the business of private passenger motor vehicle insurance from the office of that agent or agency. A limited customer representative is subject to the Florida Insurance Code in the same manner as a customer representative, unless otherwise specified. Effective October 1, 2014, a new limited customer representative license may not be issued.
(14) “Limited lines insurance” means those categories of business specified in ss. 626.321 and 635.011.
(15) “Line of authority” means a kind, line, or class of insurance an agent is authorized to transact.
(16)(a) “Managing general agent” means any person managing all or part of the insurance business of an insurer, including the management of a separate division, department, or underwriting office, and acting as an agent for that insurer, whether known as a managing general agent, manager, or other similar term, who, with or without authority, separately or together with affiliates, produces directly or indirectly, or underwrites an amount of gross direct written premium equal to or more than 5 percent of the policyholder surplus as reported in the last annual statement of the insurer in any single quarter or year and also does one or more of the following:
1. Adjusts or pays claims.
2. Negotiates reinsurance on behalf of the insurer.
(b) The following persons shall not be considered managing general agents:
1. An employee of the insurer.
2. A United States manager of the United States branch of an alien insurer.
3. An underwriting manager managing all the insurance operations of the insurer pursuant to a contract, who is under the common control of the insurer subject to regulation under ss. 628.801-628.803, and whose compensation is not based on the volume of premiums written.
4. Administrators as defined by s. 626.88.
5. The attorney in fact authorized by and acting for the subscribers of a reciprocal insurer under powers of attorney.
(17) “Personal lines agent” means a general lines agent who is limited to transacting business related to property and casualty insurance sold to individuals and families for noncommercial purposes.
(18) “Resident” means an individual whose home state is the State of Florida.
(19) “Service representative” means an individual employed by an insurer or managing general agent for the purpose of assisting a general lines agent in negotiating and effecting insurance contracts when accompanied by a licensed general lines agent. A service representative shall not be simultaneously licensed as a general lines agent in this state. This subsection does not apply to life insurance.
(20) “Unaffiliated insurance agent” means a licensed insurance agent, except a limited lines agent, who is self-appointed and who practices as an independent consultant in the business of analyzing or abstracting insurance policies, providing insurance advice or counseling, or making specific recommendations or comparisons of insurance products for a fee established in advance by written contract signed by the parties. An unaffiliated insurance agent may not be affiliated with an insurer, insurer-appointed insurance agent, or insurance agency contracted with or employing insurer-appointed insurance agents.
(21) “Uniform application” means the uniform application of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners for nonresident agent licensing, effective January 15, 2001, or subsequent versions adopted by rule by the department.
History.s. 4, ch. 2002-206; s. 907, ch. 2003-261; s. 20, ch. 2003-267; s. 13, ch. 2003-281; s. 16, ch. 2004-374; s. 7, ch. 2005-237; s. 4, ch. 2005-257; s. 6, ch. 2008-220; s. 1, ch. 2012-209; s. 5, ch. 2014-123; s. 1, ch. 2015-180; s. 1, ch. 2017-147; s. 19, ch. 2017-175.
626.016 Powers and duties of department, commission, and office.
(1) The powers and duties of the Chief Financial Officer and the department specified in this part apply only with respect to insurance agents, insurance agencies, managing general agents, insurance adjusters, reinsurance intermediaries, viatical settlement brokers, customer representatives, service representatives, and agencies.
(2) The powers and duties of the commission and office specified in this part apply only with respect to service companies, administrators, and viatical settlement providers and contracts.
(3) The department has jurisdiction to enforce provisions of parts VIII and IX of this chapter with respect to persons who engage in actions for which a license issued by the department is legally required. The office has jurisdiction to enforce provisions of parts VIII and IX of this chapter with respect to persons who engage in actions for which a license or certificate of authority issued by the office is legally required. For persons who violate a provision of this chapter for whom a license or certificate of authority issued by either the department or office is not required, either the department or office may take administrative action against such person as authorized by this chapter, pursuant to agreement between the office and department.
(4) This section is not intended to limit the authority of the department and the Division of Investigative and Forensic Services, as specified in s. 626.989.
History.s. 908, ch. 2003-261; s. 19, ch. 2004-390; s. 5, ch. 2005-257; s. 14, ch. 2016-165.
626.022 Scope of part.
(1) This part applies as to insurance agents, service representatives, adjusters, and insurance agencies; as to any and all kinds of insurance; and as to stock insurers, mutual insurers, reciprocal insurers, and all other types of insurers, except that:
(a) It does not apply as to reinsurance, except that ss. 626.011-626.022, ss. 626.112-626.181, ss. 626.191-626.211, ss. 626.291-626.301, s. 626.331, ss. 626.342-626.521, ss. 626.541-626.591, and ss. 626.601-626.711 shall apply as to reinsurance intermediaries as defined in s. 626.7492.
(b) The applicability of this chapter as to fraternal benefit societies shall be as provided in chapter 632.
(c) It does not apply to a bail bond agent, as defined in s. 648.25, except as provided in chapter 648 or chapter 903.
(d) This part does not apply to a certified public accountant licensed under chapter 473 who is acting within the scope of the practice of public accounting, as defined in s. 473.302, provided that the activities of the certified public accountant are limited to advising a client of the necessity of obtaining insurance, the amount of insurance needed, or the line of coverage needed, and provided that the certified public accountant does not directly or indirectly receive or share in any commission or referral fee.
(2) For the purposes of this part, “insurance” also includes annuity contracts.
(3) Provisions of this part that apply to general lines agents and applicants also apply to personal lines agents and applicants, except where otherwise provided.
History.s. 180, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 144, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 5, ch. 92-318; s. 204, ch. 97-102; s. 5, ch. 98-199; s. 164, ch. 99-251; s. 1, ch. 99-275; s. 77, ch. 2003-1; s. 21, ch. 2003-267; s. 14, ch. 2003-281; s. 17, ch. 2004-374; s. 137, ch. 2007-5.
626.025 Consumer protections.To transact insurance, agents shall comply with consumer protection laws, including the following, as applicable:
(1) Continuing education requirements for resident and nonresident agents, as required in s. 626.2815.
(2) Fingerprinting requirements for resident and nonresident agents, as required under s. 626.171 or s. 626.202.
(3) Fingerprinting following a department investigation under s. 626.601.
(4) The submission of credit and character reports, as required by s. 626.171 or s. 626.521.
(5) Qualifications for licensure as an agent in s. 626.731, s. 626.741, s. 626.785, s. 626.792, s. 626.831, or s. 626.835.
(6) Examination requirements in s. 626.221, s. 626.741, s. 626.792, or s. 626.835.
(7) Required licensure or registration of insurance agencies under s. 626.112.
(8) Requirements for licensure of resident and nonresident agents in s. 626.112, s. 626.321, s. 626.731, s. 626.741, s. 626.785, s. 626.792, s. 626.831, s. 626.835, or s. 626.927.
(9) The prohibition against employees of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs being licensed as life agents or health agents, under s. 626.788 or s. 626.833.
(10) The prohibition against licensed life agents or health agents who are members of the United States Armed Services selling insurance products to those of a lower military rank, under s. 626.789 or s. 626.834.
(11) Countersignature of insurance policies, as required under s. 624.425, s. 624.426, or s. 626.741.
(12) The code of ethics for life insurance agents, as set forth in s. 626.797.
(13) The prohibition against the designation of a life insurance agent or his or her family member as the beneficiary of a life insurance policy sold to an individual other than a family member under s. 626.798.
(14) Any other licensing requirement, restriction, or prohibition designated a consumer protection by the Chief Financial Officer, but not inconsistent with the requirements of Subtitle C of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, 15 U.S.C.A. ss. 6751 et seq.
History.s. 5, ch. 2002-206; s. 909, ch. 2003-261; s. 4, ch. 2004-374; s. 6, ch. 2005-257; s. 45, ch. 2010-175.
626.0428 Agency personnel powers, duties, and limitations.
(1) An individual employed by an agent or agency on salary who devotes full time to clerical work, with incidental taking of insurance applications or quoting or receiving premiums on incoming inquiries in the office of the agent or agency, is not deemed to be an agent or customer representative if his or her compensation does not include in whole or in part any commissions on such business and is not related to the production of applications, insurance, or premiums.
(2) An employee or an authorized representative located at a designated branch of an agent or agency may not bind insurance coverage unless licensed and appointed as an agent or customer representative.
(3) An employee or an authorized representative located at a designated branch of an agent or agency may not initiate contact with any person for the purpose of soliciting insurance unless licensed and appointed as an agent or customer representative. As to title insurance, an employee of an agent or agency may not initiate contact with any individual proposed insured for the purpose of soliciting title insurance unless licensed as a title insurance agent or exempt from such licensure pursuant to s. 626.8417(4) and (5).
(4)(a) Each place of business established by an agent or agency, firm, corporation, or association must be in the active full-time charge of a licensed and appointed agent holding the required agent licenses to transact at least two of the lines of insurance being handled at the location. If only one line of insurance is handled at the location, the agent in charge must hold the required agent license to transact that line of insurance.
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), the licensed agent in charge of an insurance agency may also be the agent in charge of additional branch office locations of the agency if insurance activities requiring licensure as an insurance agent do not occur at any location when an agent is not physically present and unlicensed employees at the location do not engage in insurance activities requiring licensure as an insurance agent or customer representative.
(c) An insurance agency and each branch place of business of an insurance agency shall designate an agent in charge and file the name and license number of the agent in charge and the physical address of the insurance agency location with the department at the department’s designated website. The designation of the agent in charge may be changed at the option of the agency. A change of the designated agent in charge is effective upon notification to the department, which shall be provided within 30 days after such change.
(d) For the purposes of this subsection, an “agent in charge” is the licensed and appointed agent who is responsible for the supervision of all individuals within an insurance agency location, regardless of whether the agent in charge handles a specific transaction or deals with the general public in the solicitation or negotiation of insurance contracts or the collection or accounting of moneys.
(e) An agent in charge of an insurance agency is accountable for misconduct or violations of this code committed by the licensee or agent or by any person under his or her supervision while acting on behalf of the agency. This section does not render an agent in charge criminally liable for an act unless the agent in charge personally committed the act or knew or should have known of the act and of the facts constituting a violation of this chapter.
(f) An insurance agency location may not conduct the business of insurance unless an agent in charge is designated by, and providing services to, the agency at all times. If the agent in charge designated with the department ends his or her affiliation with the agency for any reason and the agency fails to designate another agent in charge within the 30 days provided for in paragraph (c) and such failure continues for 90 days, the agency license shall automatically expire on the 91st day from the date the designated agent in charge ended his or her affiliation with the agency.
History.ss. 2, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 206, ch. 97-102; s. 47, ch. 2002-206; s. 2, ch. 2012-209; s. 6, ch. 2014-123; s. 77, ch. 2015-2; s. 2, ch. 2015-180.
626.112 License and appointment required; agents, customer representatives, adjusters, insurance agencies, service representatives, managing general agents.
(1)(a) No person may be, act as, or advertise or hold himself or herself out to be an insurance agent, insurance adjuster, or customer representative unless he or she is currently licensed by the department and appointed by an appropriate appointing entity or person.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (6) or in applicable department rules, and in addition to other conduct described in this chapter with respect to particular types of agents, a license as an insurance agent, service representative, customer representative, or limited customer representative is required in order to engage in the solicitation of insurance. For purposes of this requirement, as applicable to any of the license types described in this section, the solicitation of insurance is the attempt to persuade any person to purchase an insurance product by:
1. Describing the benefits or terms of insurance coverage, including premiums or rates of return;
2. Distributing an invitation to contract to prospective purchasers;
3. Making general or specific recommendations as to insurance products;
4. Completing orders or applications for insurance products;
5. Comparing insurance products, advising as to insurance matters, or interpreting policies or coverages; or
6. Offering or attempting to negotiate on behalf of another person a viatical settlement contract as defined in s. 626.9911.

However, an employee leasing company licensed pursuant to chapter 468 which is seeking to enter into a contract with an employer that identifies products and services offered to employees may deliver proposals for the purchase of employee leasing services to prospective clients of the employee leasing company setting forth the terms and conditions of doing business; classify employees as permitted by s. 468.529; collect information from prospective clients and other sources as necessary to perform due diligence on the prospective client and to prepare a proposal for services; provide and receive enrollment forms, plans, and other documents; and discuss or explain in general terms the conditions, limitations, options, or exclusions of insurance benefit plans available to the client or employees of the employee leasing company were the client to contract with the employee leasing company. Any advertising materials or other documents describing specific insurance coverages must identify and be from a licensed insurer or its licensed agent or a licensed and appointed agent employed by the employee leasing company. The employee leasing company may not advise or inform the prospective business client or individual employees of specific coverage provisions, exclusions, or limitations of particular plans. As to clients for which the employee leasing company is providing services pursuant to s. 468.525(4), the employee leasing company may engage in activities permitted by ss. 626.7315, 626.7845, and 626.8305, subject to the restrictions specified in those sections. If a prospective client requests more specific information concerning the insurance provided by the employee leasing company, the employee leasing company must refer the prospective business client to the insurer or its licensed agent or to a licensed and appointed agent employed by the employee leasing company.

(2) No agent or customer representative shall solicit or otherwise transact as agent or customer representative, or represent or hold himself or herself out to be an agent or customer representative as to, any kind or kinds of insurance as to which he or she is not then licensed and appointed.
(3) No person shall act as an adjuster as to any class of business for which he or she is not then licensed and appointed.
(4) No person shall be, act as, or represent or hold himself or herself out to be a service representative unless he or she then holds a currently effective service representative license and appointment. This subsection does not apply as to similar representatives or employees of casualty insurers whose duties are restricted to health insurance.
(5) A person may not be, act as, or represent or hold himself or herself out to be a managing general agent unless he or she then holds a currently effective producer license and a managing general agent appointment.
(6) An individual employed by a life or health insurer as an officer or other salaried representative may solicit and effect contracts of life insurance or annuities or of health insurance, without being licensed as an agent, when and only when he or she is accompanied by and solicits for and on the behalf of a licensed and appointed agent.
(7)(a) An individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity shall not act in its own name or under a trade name, directly or indirectly, as an insurance agency unless it complies with s. 626.172 with respect to possessing an insurance agency license for each place of business at which it engages in an activity that may be performed only by a licensed insurance agent. However, an insurance agency that is owned and operated by a single licensed agent conducting business in his or her individual name and not employing or otherwise using the services of or appointing other licensees shall be exempt from the agency licensing requirements of this subsection.
(b) A branch place of business that is established by a licensed agency is considered a branch agency and is not required to be licensed so long as it transacts business under the same name and federal tax identification number as the licensed agency and has designated with the department a licensed agent in charge of the branch location as required by s. 626.0428 and the address and telephone number of the branch location have been submitted to the department for inclusion in the licensing record of the licensed agency within 30 days after insurance transactions begin at the branch location.
(c) If an agency is required to be licensed but fails to file an application for licensure in accordance with this section, the department shall impose on the agency an administrative penalty of up to $10,000.
(d) Effective October 1, 2015, the department must automatically convert the registration of an approved registered insurance agency to an insurance agency license.
(8) No insurance agent, insurance agency, or other person licensed under the Insurance Code may pay any fee or other consideration to an unlicensed person other than an insurance agency for the referral of prospective purchasers to an insurance agent which is in any way dependent upon whether the referral results in the purchase of an insurance product.
(9) Any person who knowingly transacts insurance or otherwise engages in insurance activities in this state without a license in violation of this section commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
History.s. 190, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 154, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 16, ch. 87-226; s. 56, ch. 89-360; ss. 13, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 211, ch. 97-102; s. 8, ch. 98-199; s. 45, ch. 2001-63; s. 3, ch. 2001-142; ss. 8, 48, ch. 2002-206; s. 78, ch. 2003-1; s. 910, ch. 2003-261; s. 22, ch. 2003-267; s. 15, ch. 2003-281; s. 20, ch. 2004-390; s. 117, ch. 2005-2; s. 8, ch. 2005-237; s. 7, ch. 2005-257; s. 8, ch. 2006-305; s. 1, ch. 2007-199; s. 7, ch. 2014-123; s. 16, ch. 2018-102.
626.141 Violation not to affect validity of insurance.An insurance contract which is otherwise valid and binding as between the parties thereto shall not be rendered invalid by reason of having been solicited, handled, or procured by or through an unlicensed agent or customer representative or an agent or customer representative who has not been appointed.
History.s. 193, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 157, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 14, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 9, ch. 98-199; s. 49, ch. 2002-206.
626.161 Licensing forms.The department shall prescribe and furnish all printed forms required in connection with the application for issuance of and termination of all licenses and appointments.
History.s. 195, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 159, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 15, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 911, ch. 2003-261; s. 21, ch. 2004-390.
626.171 Application for license as an agent, customer representative, adjuster, service representative, or reinsurance intermediary.
(1) The department may not issue a license as agent, customer representative, adjuster, service representative, or reinsurance intermediary to any person except upon written application filed with the department, meeting the qualifications for the license applied for as determined by the department, and payment in advance of all applicable fees. The application must be made under the oath of the applicant and be signed by the applicant. An applicant may permit a third party to complete, submit, and sign an application on the applicant’s behalf, but is responsible for ensuring that the information on the application is true and correct and is accountable for any misstatements or misrepresentations. The department shall accept the uniform application for nonresident agent licensing. The department may adopt revised versions of the uniform application by rule.
(2) In the application, the applicant shall set forth:
1(a) His or her full name, age, social security number, residence address, business address, mailing address, contact telephone numbers, including a business telephone number, and e-mail address.
(b) A statement indicating the method the applicant used or is using to meet any required prelicensing education, knowledge, experience, or instructional requirements for the type of license applied for.
(c) Whether he or she has been refused or has voluntarily surrendered or has had suspended or revoked a license to solicit insurance by the department or by the supervising officials of any state.
(d) Whether any insurer or any managing general agent claims the applicant is indebted under any agency contract or otherwise and, if so, the name of the claimant, the nature of the claim, and the applicant’s defense thereto, if any.
(e) Proof that the applicant meets the requirements for the type of license for which he or she is applying.
(f) The applicant’s gender (male or female).
(g) The applicant’s native language.
(h) The highest level of education achieved by the applicant.
(i) The applicant’s race or ethnicity (African American, white, American Indian, Asian, Hispanic, or other).
(j) Such other or additional information as the department may deem proper to enable it to determine the character, experience, ability, and other qualifications of the applicant to hold himself or herself out to the public as an insurance representative.

However, the application must contain a statement that an applicant is not required to disclose his or her race or ethnicity, gender, or native language, that he or she will not be penalized for not doing so, and that the department will use this information exclusively for research and statistical purposes and to improve the quality and fairness of the examinations.

(3) Each application must be accompanied by payment of any applicable fee.
(4) An applicant for a license as an agent, customer representative, adjuster, service representative, or reinsurance intermediary must submit a set of the individual applicant’s fingerprints, or, if the applicant is not an individual, a set of the fingerprints of the sole proprietor, majority owner, partners, officers, and directors, to the department and must pay the fingerprint processing fee set forth in s. 624.501. Fingerprints must be used to investigate the applicant’s qualifications pursuant to s. 626.201. The fingerprints must be taken by a law enforcement agency, designated examination center, or other department-approved entity. The department shall require all designated examination centers to have fingerprinting equipment and to take fingerprints from any applicant or prospective applicant who pays the applicable fee. The department may not approve an application for licensure as an agent, customer service representative, adjuster, service representative, or reinsurance intermediary if fingerprints have not been submitted.
(5) The application for license filing fee prescribed in s. 624.501 is not subject to refund.
(6) Members of the United States Armed Forces and their spouses, and veterans of the United States Armed Forces who have separated from service within 24 months before application for licensure, are exempt from the application filing fee prescribed in s. 624.501. Qualified individuals must provide a copy of a military identification card, military dependent identification card, military service record, military personnel file, veteran record, discharge paper or separation document that indicates such members are currently in good standing or such veterans were honorably discharged.
(7) Pursuant to the federal Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, each party is required to provide his or her social security number in accordance with this section. Disclosure of social security numbers obtained through this requirement must be limited to the purpose of administration of the Title IV-D program for child support enforcement.
History.s. 196, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 4, ch. 71-86; s. 1, ch. 72-34; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 158(2nd), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 3, ch. 85-208; ss. 16, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 42, ch. 92-146; s. 212, ch. 97-102; s. 66, ch. 97-170; s. 10, ch. 98-199; s. 4, ch. 2001-142; ss. 9, 50, ch. 2002-206; s. 912, ch. 2003-261; s. 23, ch. 2003-267; s. 16, ch. 2003-281; s. 22, ch. 2004-390; s. 8, ch. 2005-257; s. 1, ch. 2006-184; s. 138, ch. 2007-5; s. 2, ch. 2008-237; s. 3, ch. 2012-209; s. 8, ch. 2014-123; s. 41, ch. 2018-7; s. 17, ch. 2018-102.
1Note.Section 12, ch. 2008-237, provides in part that “[e]ffective [June 30, 2008,] the Department of Financial Services may adopt rules to implement this act.”
626.172 Application for insurance agency license.
(1) The department may issue a license as an insurance agency to any person only after such person files a written application with the department and qualifies for such license.
(2) An application for an insurance agency license must be signed by an individual required to be listed in the application under paragraph (a). An insurance agency may permit a third party to complete, submit, and sign an application on the insurance agency’s behalf; however, the insurance agency is responsible for ensuring that the information on the application is true and correct and is accountable for any misstatements or misrepresentations. The application for an insurance agency license must include:
(a) The name of each owner, partner, officer, director, president, senior vice president, secretary, treasurer, and limited liability company member who directs or participates in the management or control of the insurance agency, whether through ownership of voting securities, by contract, by ownership of any agency bank account, or otherwise.
(b) The residence address of each person required to be listed in the application under paragraph (a).
(c) The name, principal business street address, and valid e-mail address of the insurance agency and the name, address, and e-mail address of the agency’s registered agent or person or company authorized to accept service on behalf of the agency.
(d) The physical address of each branch agency, including its name, e-mail address, and telephone number, and the date that the branch location began transacting insurance.
(e) The name of the agent in full-time charge of the agency office, including branch locations, and his or her corresponding location.
(f) The fingerprints of each of the following:
1. A sole proprietor;
2. Each individual required to be listed in the application under paragraph (a); and
3. Each individual who directs or participates in the management or control of an incorporated agency whose shares are not traded on a securities exchange.

Fingerprints must be taken by a law enforcement agency or other entity approved by the department and must be accompanied by the fingerprint processing fee specified in s. 624.501. Fingerprints must be processed in accordance with s. 624.34. However, fingerprints need not be filed for an individual who is currently licensed and appointed under this chapter. This paragraph does not apply to corporations whose voting shares are traded on a securities exchange.

(g) Such additional information as the department requires by rule to ascertain the trustworthiness and competence of persons required to be listed on the application and to ascertain that such persons meet the requirements of this code. However, the department may not require that credit or character reports be submitted for persons required to be listed on the application.
(3) The department must accept the uniform application for nonresident agency licensure. The department may adopt by rule revised versions of the uniform application.
(4) The department must issue a license to each agency upon approval of the application, and each agency location must display the license prominently in a manner that makes it clearly visible to any customer or potential customer who enters the agency location.
History.ss. 161, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 213, ch. 97-102; s. 9, ch. 2005-257; s. 9, ch. 2014-123.
626.175 Temporary licensing.
(1) The department may issue a nonrenewable temporary license for a period not to exceed 6 months authorizing appointment of a general lines insurance agent or a life agent, or an industrial fire or burglary agent, subject to the conditions described in this section. The fees paid for a temporary license and appointment shall be as specified in s. 624.501. Fees paid shall not be refunded after a temporary license has been issued.
(a) An applicant for a temporary license must be:
1. A natural person at least 18 years of age.
2. A United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.
(b)1. In the case of a general lines agent, the department may issue a temporary license to an employee, a family member, a business associate, or a personal representative of a licensed general lines agent for the purpose of continuing or winding up the business affairs of the agent or agency in the event the licensed agent has died or become unable to perform his or her duties because of military service or illness or other physical or mental disability, subject to the following conditions:
a. No other individual connected with the agent’s business may be licensed as a general lines agent.
b. The proposed temporary licensee shall be qualified for a regular general lines agent license under this code except as to residence, examination, education, or experience.
c. Application for the temporary license shall have been made by the applicant upon statements and affidavit filed with the department on forms prescribed and furnished by the department.
d. Under a temporary license and appointment, the licensee shall not represent any insurer not last represented by the agent being replaced and shall not be licensed or appointed as to any additional kind, line, or class of insurance other than those covered by the last existing agency appointments of the replaced agent. If an insurer withdraws from the agency during the temporary license period, the temporary licensee may be appointed by another similar insurer but only for the period remaining under the temporary license.
2. A regular general lines agent license may be issued to a temporary licensee upon meeting the qualifications for a general lines agent license under s. 626.731.
(c) In the case of a life agent, the department may issue a temporary license:
1. To the executor or administrator of the estate of a deceased individual licensed and appointed as a life agent at the time of death;
2. To a surviving next of kin of the deceased individual, if no administrator or executor has been appointed and qualified; however, any license and appointment under this subparagraph shall be canceled upon issuance of a license to an executor or administrator under subparagraph 1.; or
3. To an individual otherwise qualified to be licensed as an agent who has completed the educational or training requirements prescribed in s. 626.7851 and has successfully sat for the required examination prior to termination of such 6-month period. The department may issue this temporary license only in the case of a life agent to represent an insurer of the industrial or ordinary-combination class.
(d) In the case of a limited license authorizing appointment as an industrial fire or burglary agent, the department may issue a temporary license to an individual otherwise qualified to be licensed as an agent who has completed the educational or training requirements prescribed in s. 626.732 and has successfully sat for the required examination prior to termination of the 6-month period.
(2) If an absent or disabled agent being replaced under a temporary license returns or becomes able to resume the active conduct of the agency, or if the disposition of the affairs of the agency of a deceased or mentally incompetent agent is completed, or the temporary licensee has qualified for a regular license, before expiration otherwise of the temporary license, the temporary license shall terminate.
(3) If, during the 6-month temporary license and appointment period, the applicant passes the licensing examination, the temporary license shall terminate and a license shall be issued by the department after payment of a modification fee as prescribed in s. 624.501.
(4) An application for a temporary license shall be made by the applicant upon statements and affidavit filed with the department on forms prescribed and furnished by the department.
(5) Except as provided in this section, the holder of a temporary license shall be subject to the Florida Insurance Code to the same extent as regularly licensed and appointed agents.
(6) The department may limit the authority of any temporary licensee in any way deemed necessary to protect insureds and the public.
(7) The department may issue to an applicant only one temporary license for each kind, line, or class of insurance or a single temporary license covering multiple lines.
History.s. 10, ch. 2002-206; s. 24, ch. 2003-267; s. 17, ch. 2003-281; s. 106, ch. 2004-5.
626.181 Number of applications for licensure required.After a license as agent, customer representative, or adjuster has been issued to an individual, the same individual shall not be required to take another examination for a similar license, regardless, in the case of an agent, of the number of insurers to be represented by him or her as agent, unless:
(1) Specifically ordered by the department to complete a new application for license; or
(2) During any period of 48 months since the filing of the original license application, such individual was not appointed as an agent, customer representative, or adjuster, unless the failure to be so appointed was due to military service, in which event the period within which a new application is not required may, in the discretion of the department, be extended to 12 months following the date of discharge from military service if the military service does not exceed 3 years, but in no event to extend under this clause for a period of more than 6 years from the date of filing of the original application for license.
History.s. 197, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 162, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 16, ch. 82-386; s. 4, ch. 85-208; ss. 17, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 214, ch. 97-102; s. 11, ch. 98-199; s. 5, ch. 2001-142; s. 913, ch. 2003-261; s. 23, ch. 2004-390.
626.191 Repeated applications.The failure of an applicant to secure a license upon application does not preclude the applicant from applying again. However, the department may not consider or accept any further application by the same applicant for a similar license dated or filed within 30 days after the date the department denied the last application, except as provided under s. 626.281.
History.s. 198, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 163, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 18, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 215, ch. 97-102; s. 914, ch. 2003-261; s. 35, ch. 2004-297; s. 24, ch. 2004-390; s. 4, ch. 2012-209.
626.201 Investigation.
(1) The department or office may propound any reasonable interrogatories in addition to those contained in the application, to any applicant for license or appointment, or on any renewal, reinstatement, or continuation thereof, relating to the applicant’s qualifications, residence, prospective place of business, and any other matter which, in the opinion of the department or office, is deemed necessary or advisable for the protection of the public and to ascertain the applicant’s qualifications.
(2) The department or office may, upon completion of the application, make such further investigation as it may deem advisable of the applicant’s character, experience, background, and fitness for the license or appointment. Such an inquiry or investigation shall be in addition to any examination required to be taken by the applicant as hereinafter in this chapter provided.
(3) An inquiry or investigation of the applicant’s qualifications, character, experience, background, and fitness must include submission of the applicant’s fingerprints to the Department of Law Enforcement and the Federal Bureau of Investigation and consideration of any state criminal records, federal criminal records, or local criminal records obtained from these agencies or from local law enforcement agencies.
History.s. 199, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 164(1st), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 19, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 216, ch. 97-102; s. 12, ch. 98-199; s. 915, ch. 2003-261; s. 26, ch. 2003-267; s. 19, ch. 2003-281; s. 36, ch. 2004-297.
626.202 Fingerprinting requirements.
(1) The requirements for completion and submission of fingerprints under this chapter are deemed to be met when an individual currently licensed under this chapter seeks additional licensure and has previously submitted fingerprints to the department within the past 48 months. However, the department may require the individual to file fingerprints if it has reason to believe that an applicant or licensee has been found guilty of, or pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to, a felony or a crime related to the business of insurance in this state or any other state or jurisdiction.
(2) If there is a change in ownership or control of any entity licensed under this chapter, or if a new partner, officer, or director is employed or appointed, a set of fingerprints of the new owner, partner, officer, or director must be filed with the department or office within 30 days after the change. The acquisition of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of a licensed entity is considered a change of ownership or control. The fingerprints must be taken by a law enforcement agency or other department-approved entity and be accompanied by the fingerprint processing fee in s. 624.501.
History.s. 6, ch. 2001-142; s. 92, ch. 2002-1; s. 916, ch. 2003-261; s. 25, ch. 2003-267; s. 18, ch. 2003-281; s. 18, ch. 2018-102.
626.207 Disqualification of applicants and licensees; penalties against licensees; rulemaking authority.
(1) For purposes of this section, the term or terms:
(a) “Applicant” means an individual applying for licensure or relicensure under this chapter, and an officer, director, majority owner, partner, manager, or other person who manages or controls an entity applying for licensure or relicensure under this chapter.
(b) “Felony of the first degree” and “capital felony” include all felonies designated as such by the Florida Statutes, as well as any felony so designated in the jurisdiction in which the plea is entered or judgment is rendered.
(c) “Financial services business” means any financial activity regulated by the Department of Financial Services, the Office of Insurance Regulation, or the Office of Financial Regulation.
(2) An applicant who has been found guilty of or has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to any of the following crimes, regardless of adjudication, is permanently barred from licensure under this chapter:
(a) A felony of the first degree;
(b) A capital felony;
(c) A felony involving money laundering;
(d) A felony embezzlement; or
(e) A felony directly related to the financial services business.
(3) An applicant who has been found guilty of or has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to a crime not included in subsection (2), regardless of adjudication, is subject to:
(a) A 15-year disqualifying period for all felonies involving moral turpitude which are not specifically included in the permanent bar contained in subsection (2).
(b) A 7-year disqualifying period for all felonies to which neither the permanent bar in subsection (2) nor the 15-year disqualifying period in paragraph (a) applies.
(c) A 7-year disqualifying period for all misdemeanors directly related to the financial services business.
(4) The department shall adopt rules to administer this section. The rules must provide for additional disqualifying periods due to the commitment of multiple crimes and may include other factors reasonably related to the applicant’s criminal history. The rules shall provide for mitigating and aggravating factors. However, mitigation may not result in a period of disqualification of less than 7 years and may not mitigate the disqualifying periods in paragraphs (3)(b) and (c).
(5) For purposes of this section, the disqualifying periods begin upon the applicant’s final release from supervision or upon completion of the applicant’s criminal sentence. The department may not issue a license to an applicant unless all related fines, court costs and fees, and court-ordered restitution have been paid.
(6) After the disqualifying period has expired, the burden is on the applicant to demonstrate that the applicant has been rehabilitated, does not pose a risk to the insurance-buying public, is fit and trustworthy to engage in the business of insurance pursuant to s. 626.611(1)(g), and is otherwise qualified for licensure.
(7) Notwithstanding subsections (2) and (3), upon a grant of a pardon or the restoration of civil rights pursuant to chapter 940 and s. 8, Art. IV of the State Constitution with respect to a finding of guilt or a plea under subsection (2) or subsection (3), such finding or plea no longer bars or disqualifies the applicant from licensure under this chapter unless the clemency specifically excludes licensure in the financial services business; however, a pardon or restoration of civil rights does not require the department to award such license.
(8) The department shall adopt rules establishing specific penalties against licensees in accordance with ss. 626.641 and 626.651 for violations of s. 626.611, s. 626.621, s. 626.8437, s. 626.844, s. 626.935, s. 634.181, s. 634.191, s. 634.320, s. 634.321, s. 634.422, s. 634.423, s. 642.041, or s. 642.043. The purpose of the revocation or suspension is to provide a sufficient penalty to deter future violations of the Florida Insurance Code. The imposition of a revocation or the length of suspension shall be based on the type of conduct and the probability that the propensity to commit further illegal conduct has been overcome at the time of eligibility for relicensure. The length of suspension may be adjusted based on aggravating or mitigating factors, established by rule and consistent with this purpose.
(9) Section 112.011 does not apply to any applicants for licensure under the Florida Insurance Code, including, but not limited to, agents, agencies, adjusters, adjusting firms, or customer representatives.
History.s. 11, ch. 2002-206; s. 9, ch. 2005-237; s. 6, ch. 2011-174; s. 10, ch. 2014-123; s. 20, ch. 2017-175; s. 19, ch. 2018-102.
626.211 Approval, disapproval of application.
(1) If upon the basis of a completed application for license and such further inquiry or investigation as the department may make concerning an applicant the department is satisfied that, subject to any examination required to be taken and passed by the applicant for a license, the applicant is qualified for the license applied for and that all pertinent fees have been paid, it shall approve the application.
(2) Upon approval of an applicant for license as agent, customer representative, or adjuster who is subject to written examination, the department shall notify the applicant when and where he or she may take the required examination unless the applicant has taken and passed the examination within the 1-year period prior to the date of filing the application.
(3) Upon approval of an applicant for license who is not subject to examination, the department shall promptly issue the license.
(4) If upon the basis of the completed application and such further inquiry or investigation the department deems the applicant to be lacking in any one or more of the required qualifications for the license applied for, the department shall disapprove the application and notify the applicant, stating the grounds of disapproval.
History.s. 200, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 165(1st), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 63, ch. 89-360; ss. 20, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 217, ch. 97-102; s. 13, ch. 98-199; s. 917, ch. 2003-261; s. 25, ch. 2004-390; s. 2, ch. 2006-184.
626.221 Examination requirement; exemptions.
(1) The department shall not issue any license as agent or adjuster to any individual who has not qualified for, taken, and passed to the satisfaction of the department a written examination of the scope prescribed in s. 626.241.
(2) However, an examination is not necessary for any of the following:
(a) An applicant for renewal of appointment as an agent, customer representative, or adjuster, unless the department determines that an examination is necessary to establish the competence or trustworthiness of the applicant.
(b) An applicant for a limited license as agent for travel insurance, motor vehicle rental insurance, credit insurance, in-transit and storage personal property insurance, or portable electronics insurance under s. 626.321.
(c) In the discretion of the department, an applicant for reinstatement of license or appointment as an agent, customer representative, or all-lines adjuster whose license has been suspended within the 4 years before the date of application or written request for reinstatement.
(d) An applicant who, within the 4 years before application for license and appointment as an agent, customer representative, or adjuster, was a full-time salaried employee of the department who had responsible insurance duties for at least 2 continuous years and who had been a licensee within the 4 years before employment by the department with the same class of license as that being applied for.
(e) An applicant who has been licensed as an all-lines adjuster and appointed as an independent adjuster or company employee adjuster if an application for licensure is filed with the department within 48 months following the date of cancellation or expiration of the prior appointment.
(f) An applicant for a temporary license, except as otherwise provided in this code.
(g) An applicant for a license as a life or health agent who has received the designation of chartered life underwriter (CLU) from the American College of Financial Services, except that the applicant may be examined on pertinent provisions of this code.
(h) An applicant for license as a general lines agent, personal lines agent, or all-lines adjuster who has received the designation of chartered property and casualty underwriter (CPCU) from the American Institute for Chartered Property Casualty Underwriters, except that the applicant may be examined on pertinent provisions of this code.
(i) An applicant for license as a general lines agent or an all-lines adjuster who has received a degree in insurance from an accredited institution of higher learning approved by the department, except that the applicant may be examined on pertinent provisions of this code. Qualifying degrees must indicate a minimum of 18 credit hours of insurance instruction, including specific instruction in the areas of property, casualty, health, and commercial insurance.
(j) An applicant for license as an all-lines adjuster who has the designation of Accredited Claims Adjuster (ACA) from a regionally accredited postsecondary institution in this state, Associate in Claims (AIC) from the Insurance Institute of America, Professional Claims Adjuster (PCA) from the Professional Career Institute, Professional Property Insurance Adjuster (PPIA) from the HurriClaim Training Academy, Certified Adjuster (CA) from ALL LINES Training, Certified Claims Adjuster (CCA) from AE21 Incorporated, Claims Adjuster Certified Professional (CACP) from WebCE, Inc., or Universal Claims Certification (UCC) from Claims and Litigation Management Alliance (CLM) whose curriculum has been approved by the department and which includes comprehensive analysis of basic property and casualty lines of insurance and testing at least equal to that of standard department testing for the all-lines adjuster license. The department shall adopt rules establishing standards for the approval of curriculum.
(k) An applicant for license as a personal lines agent who has received a degree from an accredited institution of higher learning approved by the department, except that the applicant may be examined on pertinent provisions of this code. Qualifying degrees must indicate a minimum of 9 credit hours of insurance instruction, including specific instruction in the areas of property, casualty, and inland marine insurance.
(l) An applicant for license as a life agent who has received a degree from an accredited institution of higher learning approved by the department, except that the applicant may be examined on pertinent provisions of this code. Qualifying degrees must indicate a minimum of 9 credit hours of insurance instruction, including specific instruction in the areas of life insurance, annuities, and variable insurance products.
(m) An applicant for license as a health agent who has received a degree from an accredited institution of higher learning approved by the department, except that the applicant may be examined on pertinent provisions of this code. Qualifying degrees must indicate a minimum of 9 credit hours of insurance instruction, including specific instruction in the area of health insurance products.
(n) An applicant qualifying for a license transfer under s. 626.292.
(o) An applicant for a license as a nonresident agent if the applicant holds a comparable license in another state with similar examination requirements as this state.
(3) An individual who is already licensed as a customer representative shall not be licensed as a general lines agent without application and examination for such license.
History.s. 201, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 67-91; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 5, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 87, ch. 79-40; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 164(2nd), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 17, ch. 82-386; s. 86, ch. 83-216; s. 6, ch. 88-166; ss. 21, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 218, ch. 97-102; s. 14, ch. 98-199; s. 1, ch. 2001-190; s. 1, ch. 2002-84; ss. 12, 51, ch. 2002-206; s. 918, ch. 2003-261; s. 27, ch. 2003-267; s. 20, ch. 2003-281; s. 26, ch. 2004-390; s. 10, ch. 2005-257; s. 3, ch. 2006-184; s. 2(1st), ch. 2007-199; ss. 7, 25, ch. 2008-220; s. 44, ch. 2010-175; s. 5, ch. 2012-209; s. 3, ch. 2015-180; s. 21, ch. 2017-175; s. 20, ch. 2018-102; s. 3, ch. 2018-131.
626.231 Eligibility; application for examination.
(1) No person shall be permitted to take an examination for license until his or her application for examination or application for the license has been approved and the required fees have been received by the department or a person designated by the department to administer the examination.
(2) A person required to take an examination for a license may take an examination before submitting an application for licensure pursuant to s. 626.171 by submitting an application for examination through the department’s Internet website or the website of a person designated by the department to administer the examination. The department may require the applicant to provide the following information as part of the application:
(a) His or her full name, date of birth, social security number, e-mail address, residence address, business address, and mailing address.
(b) The type of license which the applicant intends to apply for.
(c) The name of any required prelicensing course he or she has completed or is in the process of completing.
(d) The method by which the applicant intends to qualify for the type of license if other than by completing a prelicensing course.
(e) The applicant’s gender.
(f) The applicant’s native language.
(g) The highest level of education achieved by the applicant.
(h) The applicant’s race or ethnicity.

However, the application form must contain a statement that an applicant is not required to disclose his or her race or ethnicity, gender, or native language, that he or she will not be penalized for not doing so, and that the department will use this information exclusively for research and statistical purposes and to improve the quality and fairness of the examinations.

(3) Each application shall be accompanied by payment of the applicable examination fee.
History.s. 202, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 165(2nd), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 5, ch. 85-208; s. 7, ch. 88-166; ss. 22, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 219, ch. 97-102; s. 919, ch. 2003-261; s. 27, ch. 2004-390; s. 4, ch. 2006-184; s. 6, ch. 2012-209.
626.241 Scope of examination.
(1) Each examination for a license as an agent or adjuster shall be of such scope as is deemed by the department to be reasonably necessary to test the applicant’s ability and competence and knowledge of the kinds of insurance and transactions to be handled under the license applied for, of the duties and responsibilities of such a licensee, and of the pertinent provisions of the laws of this state.
(2) Examinations given applicants for license as a general lines agent shall cover all property, casualty, and surety insurances, except as provided in subsection (5) relative to limited licenses.
(3) Examinations given applicants for a life agent’s license shall cover life insurance, annuities, and variable contracts.
(4) Examinations given applicants for a health agent’s license shall cover health insurance.
(5) Examinations given applicants for a limited agent license shall be limited in scope to the kind of business to be transacted under such license.
(6) In order to reflect the differences between adjusting claims for an insurer and adjusting claims for an insured, the department shall create an examination for applicants seeking licensure as a public adjuster and a separate examination for applicants seeking licensure as an all-lines adjuster.
(a) Examinations for a license as an all-lines adjuster must cover adjusting in all lines of insurance, other than life and annuity.
(b) An examination for workers’ compensation insurance or health insurance is not required for public adjusters.
(7) Examinations given applicants for licensure as title agents must cover title insurance, abstracting, title searches, examination of title, closing procedures, and escrow handling.
(8) An examination for licensure as a personal lines agent shall be limited in scope to the kinds of business transacted under such license.
(9) This section applies to any person who submits an application for license and to any person who submits an application for examination prior to filing an application for license.
History.s. 203, ch. 59-205; s. 7, ch. 61-441; s. 1, ch. 65-16; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 73-31; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 88, ch. 79-40; ss. 1, 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 168, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 23, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 7, ch. 92-318; s. 7, ch. 92-328; s. 920, ch. 2003-261; s. 18, ch. 2004-374; s. 28, ch. 2004-390; s. 5, ch. 2006-184; s. 8, ch. 2008-220; s. 7, ch. 2012-209; s. 11, ch. 2014-123; s. 4, ch. 2015-180.
626.2415 Annual report of results of life insurance examinations.
(1) No later than May 1 of each year, the department or a person designated by the department shall prepare, publicly announce, and publish a report that summarizes statistical information relating to life insurance agent examinations administered during the preceding calendar year. Each report shall include the following information for all examinees combined and separately by race or ethnicity, gender, race or ethnicity within gender, education level, and native language:
(a) The total number of examinees.
(b) The percentage and number of examinees who passed the examination.
(c) The mean scaled scores on the examination.
(d) Standard deviation of scaled scores on the examination.
(2) No later than May 1 of each year, the department or a person designated by the department shall prepare and make available upon request a report of summary statistical information relating to each life insurance test form administered during the preceding calendar year. The report shall show, for each test form, for all examinees combined and separately for African-American examinees, white examinees, American Indian examinees, Asian examinees, Hispanic examinees, and other examinees, the correct-answer rates and correlations.
(3) The department may provide a testing service provider, under contract with the department, demographic information received by the department on applications relating to examinations taken to qualify for an insurance agent license if the department requires the provider to review and analyze examination results in conjunction with the race or ethnicity, gender, education level, and native language of examinees.
History.s. 6, ch. 2006-184.
626.251 Time and place of examination; notice.
(1) The department, or a person designated by the department, shall provide notice of the time and place of the examination to each applicant for examination and each applicant for license required to take an examination who will be eligible to take the examination as of the examination date. The notice shall be e-mailed to the applicant at the e-mail address shown on the application for license or examination. Notice is deemed given when so mailed.
(2) The examination shall be held in an adequate and designated examination center in this state.
(3) The department shall make an examination available to the applicant, to be taken as soon as reasonably possible after the applicant is eligible therefor. Any examination required under this part shall be available in this state at a designated examination center.
History.s. 204, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 169, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 6, ch. 85-208; s. 8, ch. 88-166; ss. 24, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 220, ch. 97-102; s. 921, ch. 2003-261; s. 29, ch. 2004-390; s. 7, ch. 2006-184; s. 8, ch. 2012-209.
626.261 Conduct of examination.
(1) The applicant for license or the applicant for examination shall appear in person and personally take the examination for license at the time and place specified by the department or by a person designated by the department.
(2) The examination shall be conducted by an employee of the department or a person designated by the department for that purpose.
(3) The questions propounded shall be as prepared by the department, or by a person designated by the department for that purpose, consistent with the applicable provisions of this code.
(4) All examinations shall be given and graded in a fair and impartial manner and without unfair discrimination in favor of or against any particular applicant.
(5) The department may provide licensure examinations in Spanish. When determining whether it is in the public interest to allow the examination to be translated into and administered in Spanish, the department shall consider the percentage of the population who speak Spanish.
History.s. 205, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 7, ch. 85-208; ss. 25, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 922, ch. 2003-261; s. 30, ch. 2004-390; s. 8, ch. 2006-184; s. 6, ch. 2012-151; s. 12, ch. 2014-123.
626.266 Printing of examinations or related materials to preserve examination security.A contract let for the development, administration, or grading of examinations or related materials by the department pursuant to the various agent, customer representative, or adjuster licensing and examination provisions of this code may include the printing or furnishing of these examinations or related materials in order to preserve security. Any such contract shall be let as a contract for a contractual service pursuant to s. 287.057.
History.s. 1, ch. 85-208; s. 79, ch. 87-224; s. 5, ch. 88-32; s. 32, ch. 90-268; ss. 37, 44, ch. 90-335; s. 15, ch. 98-199; s. 79, ch. 2003-1; s. 923, ch. 2003-261; s. 31, ch. 2004-390.
Note.Former s. 283.422.
626.271 Examination fee; determination, refund.
(1) Prior to being permitted to take an examination, each applicant who is subject to examination shall pay to the department or a person designated by the department an examination fee. A separate and additional examination fee shall be payable for each separate class of license applied for, notwithstanding that all such examinations are taken on the same date and at the same place.
(2) The fee for examination shall not be subject to refund.
History.s. 206, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 170, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 8, ch. 85-208; ss. 26, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 924, ch. 2003-261; s. 32, ch. 2004-390.
626.281 Reexamination.
(1) An applicant for license or examination who has:
(a) Taken an examination and failed to make a passing grade, or
(b) Failed to appear for the examination or to take or complete the examination at the time and place specified in the notice of the department,

may take additional examinations, after filing with the department or its designee an application for reexamination together with applicable fees. The failure of an applicant to pass an examination, to appear for the examination, or to take or complete the examination does not preclude the applicant from taking subsequent examinations.

(2) Applicants may not take an examination for a license type more than five times in a 12-month period.
(3) The department may require an individual whose license as an agent, customer representative, or adjuster has expired or been suspended to pass an examination before reinstating or relicensing the individual as to any class of license. The examination fee must be paid for each examination.
History.s. 207, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 171, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 9, ch. 88-166; ss. 27, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 9, ch. 92-146; s. 16, ch. 98-199; s. 925, ch. 2003-261; s. 33, ch. 2004-390; s. 9, ch. 2006-184; s. 9, ch. 2012-209.
626.2815 Continuing education requirements.
(1) The purpose of this section is to establish requirements and standards for continuing education courses for individuals licensed to solicit, sell, or adjust insurance in the state.
(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, this section applies to individuals licensed to engage in the sale of insurance or adjustment of insurance claims in this state for all lines of insurance for which an examination is required for licensing and to each insurer, employer, or appointing entity, including, but not limited to, those created or existing pursuant to s. 627.351. This section does not apply to an individual who holds a license for the sale of any line of insurance for which an examination is not required by the laws of this state or who holds a limited license as a crop or hail and multiple-peril crop insurance agent. Licensees who are unable to comply with the continuing education requirements due to active duty in the military may submit a written request for a waiver to the department.
(3) Each licensee except a title insurance agent must complete a 5-hour update course every 2 years which is specific to the license held by the licensee. The course must be developed and offered by providers and approved by the department. The content of the course must address all lines of insurance for which examination and licensure are required and include the following subject areas: insurance law updates, ethics for insurance professionals, disciplinary trends and case studies, industry trends, premium discounts, determining suitability of products and services, and other similar insurance-related topics the department determines are relevant to legally and ethically carrying out the responsibilities of the license granted. A licensee who holds multiple insurance licenses must complete an update course that is specific to at least one of the licenses held. Except as otherwise specified, any remaining required hours of continuing education are elective and may consist of any continuing education course approved by the department under this section.
(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b), (c), (d), (e), (i), and (j), each licensee must also complete 19 hours of elective continuing education courses every 2 years.
(b) A licensee who has been licensed for 6 or more years must also complete a minimum of 15 hours of elective continuing education every 2 years.
(c) A licensee who has been licensed for 25 years or more and is a CLU or a CPCU or has a Bachelor of Science degree in risk management or insurance with evidence of 18 or more semester hours in insurance-related courses must also complete a minimum of 5 hours of elective continuing education courses every 2 years.
(d) An individual who holds a license as a customer representative, limited customer representative, motor vehicle physical damage and mechanical breakdown insurance agent, or an industrial fire insurance or burglary insurance agent and who is not a licensed life or health agent, must also complete a minimum of 5 hours of continuing education courses every 2 years.
(e) An individual subject to chapter 648 must complete the 5-hour update course and a minimum of 9 hours of elective continuing education courses every 2 years.
(f) Elective continuing education courses for public adjusters must be specifically designed for public adjusters and approved by the department. Notwithstanding this subsection, public adjusters for workers’ compensation insurance or health insurance are not required to take continuing education courses pursuant to this section.
(g) Excess hours accumulated during any 2-year compliance period may be carried forward to the next compliance period.
(h) An individual teaching an approved course of instruction or lecturing at any approved seminar and attending the entire course or seminar qualifies for the same number of classroom hours as would be granted to a person taking and successfully completing such course or seminar. Credit is limited to the number of hours actually taught unless a person attends the entire course or seminar. An individual who is an official of or employed by a governmental entity in this state and serves as a professor, instructor, or in another position or office, the duties and responsibilities of which are determined by the department to require monitoring and review of insurance laws or insurance regulations and practices, is exempt from this section.
(i) For compliance periods beginning on or after October 1, 2014, any person who holds a license as a title insurance agent must complete a minimum of 10 hours of continuing education credit every 2 years in title insurance and escrow management specific to this state and approved by the department, which shall include at least 3 hours of continuing education on the subject matter of ethics, rules, or compliance with state and federal regulations relating specifically to title insurance and closing services.
(j) For a licensee who is an active participant in an association, 2 hours of elective continuing education credit per calendar year may be approved by the department, if properly reported by the association.
(4) Compliance with continuing education requirements is a condition precedent to the issuance, continuation, reinstatement, or renewal of any appointment subject to this section. However:
(a) An appointing entity, except one that appoints individuals who are employees or exclusive independent contractors of the appointing entity, may not require, directly or indirectly, as a condition of such appointment or the continuation of such appointment, the taking of an approved course or program by any appointee or potential appointee which is not of the appointee’s choosing.
(b) Any entity created or existing pursuant to s. 627.351 may require employees to take training of any type relevant to their employment but may not require appointees who are not employees to take any approved course or program unless the course or program deals solely with the appointing entity’s internal procedures or products or with subjects substantially unique to the appointing entity.
(5) For good cause shown, the department may grant an extension of time during which the requirements of this section may be completed, but such extension may not exceed 1 year.
(6) A nonresident licensee who must complete continuing education requirements in his or her home state may use the home state requirements to also meet this state’s continuing education requirements if the licensee’s home state recognizes reciprocity with this state’s continuing education requirements. A nonresident licensee whose home state does not have a continuing education requirement but is licensed for the same class of business in another state that has a continuing education requirement may comply with this section by furnishing proof of compliance with the other state’s requirement if that state has a reciprocal agreement with this state relative to continuing education. A nonresident licensee whose home state does not have such continuing education requirements, and who is not licensed as a nonresident licensee in a state that has continuing education requirements and reciprocates with this state, must meet the continuing education requirements of this state.
(7) The following courses may be completed in order to meet the elective continuing education course requirements:
(a) Any part of the Life Underwriter Training Council Life Course Curriculum: 24 hours; Health Course: 12 hours.
(b) Any part of the American College “CLU” diploma curriculum: 24 hours.
(c) Any part of the Insurance Institute of America’s program in general insurance: 12 hours.
(d) Any part of the American Institute for Property and Liability Underwriters’ Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter (CPCU) professional designation program: 24 hours.
(e) Any part of the Certified Insurance Counselor program: 21 hours.
(f) Any part of the Accredited Advisor in Insurance: 21 hours.
(g) In the case of title agents, completion of the Certified Land Closer (CLC) professional designation program and receipt of the designation: 24 hours.
(h) In the case of title agents, completion of the Certified Land Searcher (CLS) professional designation program and receipt of the designation: 24 hours.
(i) Any part of the Claims and Litigation Management Alliance (CLM) Universal Claims Certification (UCC) professional designation: 19 hours of elective continuing education and 5 hours of the continuing education required under subsection (3).
(j) Any insurance-related course that is approved by the department and taught by an accredited college or university per credit hour granted: 12 hours.
(k) Any course, including courses relating to agency management or errors and omissions, developed or sponsored by an authorized insurer or recognized agents’ association or insurance trade association or an independent study program of instruction, subject to approval by the department, qualifies for the equivalency of the number of classroom hours assigned by the department. However, unless otherwise provided in this section, continuing education hours may not be credited toward meeting the requirements of this section unless the course is provided by classroom instruction or results in a monitored examination. A monitored examination is not required for:
1. An independent study program of instruction presented through interactive, online technology that the department determines has sufficient internal testing to validate the student’s full comprehension of the materials presented; or
2. An independent study program of instruction presented on paper or in printed material which imposes a final closed book examination that meets the requirements of the department’s rule for self-study courses. The examination may be taken without a proctor if the student presents to the provider a sworn affidavit certifying that the student did not consult any written materials or receive outside assistance of any kind or from any person, directly or indirectly, while taking the examination. If the student is an employee of an agency or corporate entity, the student’s supervisor or a manager or owner of the agency or corporate entity must also sign the sworn affidavit. If the student is self-employed, a sole proprietor, or a partner, or if the examination is administered online, the sworn affidavit must also be signed by a disinterested third party. The sworn affidavit must be received by the approved provider before reporting continuing education credits to the department.
(8) Each person or entity sponsoring a course for continuing education credit must furnish, within 21 days after completion of the course, in a form satisfactory to the department or its designee, a roster showing the name and license number of all persons successfully completing such course and requesting credit.
(9) The department may immediately terminate or refuse to renew the appointment of an agent or adjuster who has been notified by the department that his or her continuing education requirements have not been certified, unless the agent or adjuster has been granted an extension or waiver by the department. The department may not issue a new appointment of the same or similar type to a licensee who was denied a renewal appointment for failing to complete continuing education as required until the licensee completes his or her continuing education requirement.
(10) The department may contract services relative to the administration of the continuing education program to a private entity. The contract shall be procured as a contractual service pursuant to s. 287.057.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 89-210; ss. 28, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 58, ch. 91-108; s. 10, ch. 91-296; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 10, ch. 92-146; s. 8, ch. 92-318; s. 1, ch. 96-377; s. 1723, ch. 97-102; s. 1, ch. 2000-297; ss. 13, 52, ch. 2002-206; s. 926, ch. 2003-261; s. 28, ch. 2003-267; s. 21, ch. 2003-281; s. 15, ch. 2004-374; s. 11, ch. 2005-257; s. 16, ch. 2007-1; s. 26, ch. 2008-220; s. 3, ch. 2008-237; s. 1, ch. 2010-61; s. 46, ch. 2010-175; s. 1, ch. 2012-206; ss. 10, 11, ch. 2012-209; ss. 101, 102, ch. 2013-15; s. 23, ch. 2015-3; ss. 22, 25, ch. 2017-175.
626.2816 Regulation of continuing education for licensees, course providers, instructors, school officials, and monitor groups.
(1) Continuing education course providers, instructors, school officials, and monitor groups must be approved by the department before offering continuing education courses pursuant to s. 626.2815 or s. 626.869.
(2) The department shall adopt rules establishing standards for the approval, regulation, and operation of the continuing education programs and for the discipline of licensees, course providers, instructors, school officials, and monitor groups. The standards must be designed to ensure that such course providers, instructors, school officials, and monitor groups have the knowledge, competence, and integrity to fulfill the educational objectives of ss. 626.2815, 626.869, 648.385, and 648.386.
(3) The department shall adopt rules establishing a process by which compliance with the continuing education requirements of ss. 626.2815, 626.869, 648.385, and 648.386 can be determined, the establishment of a continuing education compliance period for licensees, and forms necessary to implement such a process.
History.s. 1, ch. 98-103; s. 29, ch. 2003-267; s. 22, ch. 2003-281.
626.2817 Regulation of course providers, instructors, and school officials involved in prelicensure education for insurance agents and other licensees.
(1) Any course provider, instructor, or school official must be approved by and registered with the department before offering prelicensure education courses for insurance agents and other licensees.
(2) The department shall adopt rules establishing standards for the approval, registration, discipline, or removal from registration of course providers, instructors, and school officials. The standards must be designed to ensure that such persons have the knowledge, competence, and integrity to fulfill the educational objectives of the prelicensure requirements of this chapter and chapter 648 and to assure that insurance agents and licensees are competent to engage in the activities authorized under the license.
(3) A course provider shall not grant completion credit to any student who has not completed at least 75 percent of the required course hours of a department-approved prelicensure course.
(4) The department shall adopt rules to establish a process for determining compliance with the prelicensure requirements of this chapter and chapter 648. The department shall adopt rules prescribing the forms necessary to administer the prelicensure requirements.
History.s. 6, ch. 2000-370; s. 927, ch. 2003-261; s. 30, ch. 2003-267; s. 23, ch. 2003-281; s. 34, ch. 2004-390; s. 5, ch. 2015-180.
626.291 Examination results; denial, issuance of license.
(1) Within 30 days after the applicant has completed any examination required under s. 626.221, the department or its designee shall provide a score report; and, if it finds that the applicant has received a passing grade, the department shall within such period notify the applicant and issue and transmit the license to which such examination related. If it finds that the applicant did not make a passing grade on the examination for a particular license, the department or its designee shall within this period provide notice to the applicant to that effect and of its denial of the license. For those applicants who have completed the examination and received a passing grade prior to submitting the license application, the department shall promptly issue the license applied for as soon as the department approves the application.
(2) As to an applicant for a license for which no examination is required, the department shall promptly issue the license applied for as soon as it has approved the application.
(3) A passing grade on an examination is valid for a period of 1 year. The department shall not issue a license to an applicant based on an examination taken more than 1 year prior to the date that an application for license is filed.
History.s. 208, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 172, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 18, ch. 82-386; s. 64, ch. 89-360; ss. 29, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 928, ch. 2003-261; s. 35, ch. 2004-390; s. 10, ch. 2006-184.
626.292 Transfer of license from another state.
(1) An individual licensed in good standing in another state may apply to the department to have the license transferred to this state to obtain a resident agent or all-lines adjuster license for the same lines of authority covered by the license in the other state.
(2) To qualify for a license transfer, an individual applicant must meet the following requirements:
(a) The individual must become a resident of this state.
(b) The individual must have been licensed in another state for a minimum of 1 year immediately preceding the date the individual became a resident of this state.
(c) The individual must submit a completed application for this state which is received by the department within 90 days after the date the individual became a resident of this state, along with payment of the applicable fees set forth in s. 624.501 and submission of the following documents:
1. A certification issued by the appropriate official of the applicant’s home state identifying the type of license and lines of authority under the license and stating that, at the time the license from the home state was canceled, the applicant was in good standing in that state or that the state’s Producer Database records, maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, its affiliates, or subsidiaries, indicate that the agent or all-lines adjuster is or was licensed in good standing for the line of authority requested.
2. A set of the applicant’s fingerprints in accordance with s. 626.171(4).
(d) The individual must satisfy prelicensing education requirements in this state, unless the completion of prelicensing education requirements was a prerequisite for licensure in the other state and the prelicensing education requirements in the other state are substantially equivalent to the prelicensing requirements of this state as determined by the department. This paragraph does not apply to all-lines adjusters.
(e) The individual must satisfy the examination requirement under s. 626.221, unless exempted.
(3) An applicant satisfying the requirements for a license transfer under subsection (2) shall be approved for licensure in this state unless the department finds that grounds exist under s. 626.611 or s. 626.621 for refusal, suspension, or revocation of a license.
History.s. 14, ch. 2002-206; s. 929, ch. 2003-261; s. 12, ch. 2005-257; s. 12, ch. 2012-209.
626.301 Form and contents of licenses, in general.Each license issued by the department shall be in such form as the department may designate and contain the licensee’s name, lines of authority the licensee is authorized to transact, the licensee’s personal identification number, the date of issuance, and any other information the department deems necessary to fully identify the licensee and the authority being granted. The department may by rule require photographs of applicants as a part of the licensing process.
History.s. 209, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 173, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 19, ch. 82-386; ss. 30, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 15, ch. 2002-206; s. 930, ch. 2003-261; s. 36, ch. 2004-390.
626.311 Scope of license.
(1) Except as to personal lines agents and limited licenses, a general lines agent or customer representative shall qualify for all property, marine, casualty, and surety lines except bail bonds which require a separate license under chapter 648. The license of a general lines agent also covers health insurance. The license of a customer representative shall provide, in substance, that it covers all of such classes of insurance that his or her appointing general lines agent or agency is currently so authorized to transact under the general lines agent’s license and appointments. No such license shall be issued limited to particular classes of insurance except for bail bonds which require a separate license under chapter 648 or for personal lines agents. Personal lines agents are limited to transacting business related to property and casualty insurance sold to individuals and families for noncommercial purposes.
(2) Except with respect to a limited license as a credit insurance agent, the license of a life agent covers all classes of life insurance business.
(3) Except with respect to a limited license as a travel insurance agent, the license of a health agent covers all kinds of health insurance and such license may not be limited to a particular class of health insurance.
(4) No agent licensee shall transact or attempt to transact under his or her license any line of insurance for which he or she does not have currently in force of record with the department an appointment by an authorized insurer.
(5) At any time while a license is in force, an insurer may apply to the department on behalf of the licensee for an appointment. Upon receipt of the appointment application and appointment taxes and fees, the department may issue the additional appointment without further investigation concerning the applicant.
(6) An agent who appoints his or her license as an unaffiliated insurance agent may not hold an appointment from an insurer for any license he or she holds; transact, solicit, or service an insurance contract on behalf of an insurer; interfere with commissions received or to be received by an insurer-appointed insurance agent or an insurance agency contracted with or employing insurer-appointed insurance agents; or receive compensation or any other thing of value from an insurer, an insurer-appointed insurance agent, or an insurance agency contracted with or employing insurer-appointed insurance agents for any transaction or referral occurring after the date of appointment as an unaffiliated insurance agent. An unaffiliated insurance agent may continue to receive commissions on sales that occurred before the date of appointment as an unaffiliated insurance agent if the receipt of such commissions is disclosed when making recommendations or evaluating products for a client that involve products of the entity from which the commissions are received.
(7) The department may contract with other persons to administer the appointment process.
History.s. 210, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 68, ch. 82-175; ss. 174, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 20, ch. 82-386; s. 87, ch. 83-216; ss. 31, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 221, ch. 97-102; s. 17, ch. 98-199; s. 31, ch. 2003-267; s. 24, ch. 2003-281; s. 19, ch. 2004-374; s. 13, ch. 2012-209; s. 13, ch. 2014-123; s. 6, ch. 2015-180.
626.321 Limited licenses.
(1) The department shall issue to a qualified applicant a license as agent authorized to transact a limited class of business in any of the following categories of limited lines insurance:
(a) Motor vehicle physical damage and mechanical breakdown insurance.License covering insurance against only the loss of or damage to a motor vehicle that is designed for use upon a highway, including trailers and semitrailers designed for use with such vehicles. Such license also covers insurance against the failure of an original or replacement part to perform any function for which it was designed. A licensee under this paragraph may not hold a license as an agent for any other or additional kind or class of insurance coverage except a limited license for credit insurance as provided in paragraph (e). Effective October 1, 2012, all licensees holding such limited license and appointment may renew the license and appointment, but no new or additional licenses may be issued pursuant to this paragraph, and a licensee whose limited license under this paragraph has been terminated, suspended, or revoked may not have such license reinstated.
(b) Industrial fire insurance or burglary insurance.License covering only industrial fire insurance or burglary insurance. The applicant for such a license must pass a written examination covering such insurance. A licensee under this paragraph may not hold a license as an agent for any other or additional kind or class of insurance coverage except for life insurance and health insurance.
(c) Travel insurance.License covering only policies and certificates of travel insurance which are subject to review by the office. Policies and certificates of travel insurance may provide coverage for risks incidental to travel, planned travel, or accommodations while traveling, including, but not limited to, accidental death and dismemberment of a traveler; trip or event cancellation, interruption, or delay; loss of or damage to personal effects or travel documents; damages to travel accommodations; baggage delay; emergency medical travel or evacuation of a traveler; or medical, surgical, and hospital expenses related to an illness or emergency of a traveler. Such policy or certificate may be issued for terms longer than 90 days, but, other than a policy or certificate providing coverage for air ambulatory services only, each policy or certificate must be limited to coverage for travel or use of accommodations of no longer than 90 days. The license may be issued only:
1. To a full-time salaried employee of a common carrier or a full-time salaried employee or owner of a transportation ticket agency and may authorize the sale of such ticket policies only in connection with the sale of transportation tickets, or to the full-time salaried employee of such an agent. Such policy may not be for more than 48 hours or more than the duration of a specified one-way trip or round trip.
2. To an entity or individual that is:
a. The developer of a timeshare plan that is the subject of an approved public offering statement under chapter 721;
b. An exchange company operating an exchange program approved under chapter 721;
c. A managing entity operating a timeshare plan approved under chapter 721;
d. A seller of travel as defined in chapter 559; or
e. A subsidiary or affiliate of any of the entities described in sub-subparagraphs a.-d.
3. To a full-time salaried employee of a licensed general lines agent or a business entity that offers travel planning services if insurance sales activities authorized by the license are in connection with, and incidental to, travel.
a. A license issued to a business entity that offers travel planning services must encompass each office, branch office, or place of business making use of the entity’s business name in order to offer, solicit, and sell insurance pursuant to this paragraph.
b. The application for licensure must list the name, address, and phone number for each office, branch office, or place of business that is to be covered by the license. The licensee shall notify the department of the name, address, and phone number of any new location that is to be covered by the license before the new office, branch office, or place of business engages in the sale of insurance pursuant to this paragraph. The licensee shall notify the department within 30 days after the closing or terminating of an office, branch office, or place of business. Upon receipt of the notice, the department shall delete the office, branch office, or place of business from the license.
c. A licensed and appointed entity is directly responsible and accountable for all acts of the licensee’s employees and parties with whom the licensee has entered into a contractual agreement to offer travel insurance.

A licensee shall require each individual who offers policies or certificates under subparagraph 2. or subparagraph 3. to receive initial training from a general lines agent or an insurer authorized under chapter 624 to transact insurance within this state. For an entity applying for a license as a travel insurance agent, the fingerprinting requirement of this section applies only to the president, secretary, and treasurer and to any other officer or person who directs or controls the travel insurance operations of the entity.

(d) Motor vehicle rental insurance.
1. License covering only insurance of the risks set forth in this paragraph when offered, sold, or solicited with and incidental to the rental or lease of a motor vehicle and which applies only to the motor vehicle that is the subject of the lease or rental agreement and the occupants of the motor vehicle:
a. Excess motor vehicle liability insurance providing coverage in excess of the standard liability limits provided by the lessor in the lessor’s lease to a person renting or leasing a motor vehicle from the licensee’s employer for liability arising in connection with the negligent operation of the leased or rented motor vehicle.
b. Insurance covering the liability of the lessee to the lessor for damage to the leased or rented motor vehicle.
c. Insurance covering the loss of or damage to baggage, personal effects, or travel documents of a person renting or leasing a motor vehicle.
d. Insurance covering accidental personal injury or death of the lessee and any passenger who is riding or driving with the covered lessee in the leased or rented motor vehicle.
2. Insurance under a motor vehicle rental insurance license may be issued only if the lease or rental agreement is for no more than 60 days, the lessee is not provided coverage for more than 60 consecutive days per lease period, and the lessee is given written notice that his or her personal insurance policy providing coverage on an owned motor vehicle may provide coverage of such risks and that the purchase of the insurance is not required in connection with the lease or rental of a motor vehicle. If the lease is extended beyond 60 days, the coverage may be extended one time only for a period not to exceed an additional 60 days. Insurance may be provided to the lessee as an additional insured on a policy issued to the licensee’s employer.
3. The license may be issued only to the full-time salaried employee of a licensed general lines agent or to a business entity that offers motor vehicles for rent or lease if insurance sales activities authorized by the license are in connection with and incidental to the rental or lease of a motor vehicle.
a. A license issued to a business entity that offers motor vehicles for rent or lease encompasses each office, branch office, employee, authorized representative located at a designated branch, or place of business making use of the entity’s business name in order to offer, solicit, and sell insurance pursuant to this paragraph.
b. The application for licensure must list the name, address, and phone number for each office, branch office, or place of business that is to be covered by the license. The licensee shall notify the department of the name, address, and phone number of any new location that is to be covered by the license before the new office, branch office, or place of business engages in the sale of insurance pursuant to this paragraph. The licensee must notify the department within 30 days after closing or terminating an office, branch office, or place of business. Upon receipt of the notice, the department shall delete the office, branch office, or place of business from the license.
c. A licensed and appointed entity is directly responsible and accountable for all acts of the licensee’s employees.
(e) Credit insurance.License covering credit life, credit disability, credit property, credit unemployment, involuntary unemployment, mortgage life, mortgage guaranty, mortgage disability, guaranteed automobile protection (GAP) insurance, and any other form of insurance offered in connection with an extension of credit which is limited to partially or wholly extinguishing a credit obligation that the department determines should be designated a form of limited line credit insurance. Effective October 1, 2012, all valid licenses held by persons for any of the lines of insurance listed in this paragraph shall be converted to a credit insurance license. Licensees who wish to obtain a new license reflecting such change must request a duplicate license and pay a $5 fee as specified in s. 624.501(15). The license may be issued only to an individual employed by a life or health insurer as an officer or other salaried or commissioned representative, to an individual employed by or associated with a lending or financial institution or creditor, or to a lending or financial institution or creditor, and may authorize the sale of such insurance only with respect to borrowers or debtors of such lending or financing institution or creditor. However, only the individual or entity whose tax identification number is used in receiving or is credited with receiving the commission from the sale of such insurance shall be the licensed agent of the insurer. No individual while so licensed shall hold a license as an agent as to any other or additional kind or class of life or health insurance coverage.
(f) Crop hail and multiple-peril crop insurance.License for insurance covering crops subject to unfavorable weather conditions, fire or lightening, flood, hail, insect infestation, disease, or other yield-reducing conditions or perils which is provided by the private insurance market, or which is subsidized by the Federal Group Insurance Corporation including multi-peril crop insurance. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the limited license may be issued to a bona fide salaried employee of an association chartered under the Farm Credit Act of 1971, 12 U.S.C. ss. 2001 et seq., who satisfactorily completes the examination prescribed by the department pursuant to s. 626.241(5). The agent must be appointed by, and his or her limited license requested by, a licensed general lines agent. All business transacted by the agent must be on behalf of, in the name of, and countersigned by the agent by whom he or she is appointed. Sections 626.561 and 626.748, relating to records, apply to all business written pursuant to this section. The licensee may be appointed by and licensed for only one general lines agent or agency.
(g) In-transit and storage personal property insurance.License for insurance covering only personal property not held for resale, covering the risks of transportation or storage in rented or leased motor vehicles, trailers, or self-service storage facilities as defined in s. 83.803. Such license may be issued, without examination, only to employees or authorized representatives of lessors who rent or lease motor vehicles, trailers, or self-service storage facilities and who are authorized by an insurer to issue certificates or other evidences of insurance to lessees of such motor vehicles, trailers, or self-service storage facilities under an insurance policy issued to the lessor. A person licensed under this paragraph must give a prospective purchaser of in-transit or storage personal property insurance written notice that his or her homeowner’s policy may provide coverage for the loss of personal property and that the purchase of such insurance is not required under the lease terms.
(h) Portable electronics insurance.License for property insurance or inland marine insurance that covers only loss, theft, mechanical failure, malfunction, or damage for portable electronics.
1. The license may be issued only to:
a. Employees or authorized representatives of a licensed general lines agent; or
b. The lead business location of a retail vendor that sells portable electronics insurance. The lead business location must have a contractual relationship with a general lines agent.
2. Employees or authorized representatives of a licensee under subparagraph 1. may sell or offer for sale portable electronics coverage without being subject to licensure as an insurance agent if:
a. Such insurance is sold or offered for sale at a licensed location or at one of the licensee’s branch locations if the branch location is appointed by the licensed lead business location or its appointing insurers;
b. The insurer issuing the insurance directly supervises or appoints a general lines agent to supervise the sale of such insurance, including the development of a training program for the employees and authorized representatives of vendors that are directly engaged in the activity of selling or offering the insurance; and
c. At each location where the insurance is offered, brochures or other written materials that provide the information required by this subparagraph are made available to all prospective customers. The brochures or written materials may include information regarding portable electronics insurance, service warranty agreements, or other incidental services or benefits offered by a licensee.
3. Individuals not licensed to sell portable electronics insurance may not be paid commissions based on the sale of such coverage. However, a licensee who uses a compensation plan for employees and authorized representatives which includes supplemental compensation for the sale of noninsurance products, in addition to a regular salary or hourly wages, may include incidental compensation for the sale of portable electronics insurance as a component of the overall compensation plan.
4. Brochures or other written materials related to portable electronics insurance must:
a. Disclose that such insurance may duplicate coverage already provided by a customer’s homeowners insurance policy, renters insurance policy, or other source of coverage;
b. State that enrollment in insurance coverage is not required in order to purchase or lease portable electronics or services;
c. Summarize the material terms of the insurance coverage, including the identity of the insurer, the identity of the supervising entity, the amount of any applicable deductible and how it is to be paid, the benefits of coverage, and key terms and conditions of coverage, such as whether portable electronics may be repaired or replaced with similar make and model reconditioned or nonoriginal manufacturer parts or equipment;
d. Summarize the process for filing a claim, including a description of how to return portable electronics and the maximum fee applicable if the customer fails to comply with equipment return requirements; and
e. State that an enrolled customer may cancel coverage at any time and that the person paying the premium will receive a refund of any unearned premium.
5. A licensed and appointed general lines agent is not required to obtain a portable electronics insurance license to offer or sell portable electronics insurance at locations already licensed as an insurance agency, but may apply for a portable electronics insurance license for branch locations not otherwise licensed to sell insurance.
6. A portable electronics license authorizes the sale of individual policies or certificates under a group or master insurance policy. The license also authorizes the sale of service warranty agreements covering only portable electronics to the same extent as if licensed under s. 634.419 or s. 634.420.
7. A licensee may bill and collect the premium for the purchase of portable electronics insurance provided that:
a. If the insurance is included with the purchase or lease of portable electronics or related services, the licensee clearly and conspicuously discloses that insurance coverage is included with the purchase. Disclosure of the stand-alone cost of the premium for same or similar insurance must be made on the customer’s bill and in any marketing materials made available at the point of sale. If the insurance is not included, the charge to the customer for the insurance must be separately itemized on the customer’s bill.
b. Premiums are incidental to other fees collected, are maintained in a manner that is readily identifiable, and are accounted for and remitted to the insurer or supervising entity within 60 days of receipt. Licensees are not required to maintain such funds in a segregated account.
c. All funds received by a licensee from an enrolled customer for the sale of the insurance are considered funds held in trust by the licensee in a fiduciary capacity for the benefit of the insurer. Licensees may receive compensation for billing and collection services.
8. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the terms for the termination or modification of coverage under a policy of portable electronics insurance are those set forth in the policy.
9. Notice or correspondence required by the policy, or otherwise required by law, may be provided by electronic means if the insurer or licensee maintains proof that the notice or correspondence was sent. Such notice or correspondence may be sent on behalf of the insurer or licensee by the general lines agent appointed by the insurer to supervise the administration of the program. For purposes of this subparagraph, an enrolled customer’s provision of an electronic mail address to the insurer or licensee is deemed to be consent to receive notices and correspondence by electronic means if a conspicuously located disclosure is provided to the customer indicating the same.
10. The provisions of this chapter requiring submission of fingerprints do not apply to licenses issued to qualified entities under this paragraph.
11. A branch location that sells portable electronics insurance may, in lieu of obtaining an appointment from an insurer or warranty association, obtain a single appointment from the associated lead business location licensee and pay the prescribed appointment fee under s. 624.501 if the lead business location has a single appointment from each insurer or warranty association represented and such appointment applies to the lead business location and all of its branch locations. Branch location appointments shall be renewed 24 months after the initial appointment date of the lead business location and every 24 months thereafter. Notwithstanding s. 624.501, the renewal fee applicable to such branch location appointments is $30 per appointment.
12. For purposes of this paragraph:
a. “Branch location” means any physical location in this state at which a licensee offers its products or services for sale.
b. “Portable electronics” means personal, self-contained, easily carried by an individual, battery-operated electronic communication, viewing, listening, recording, gaming, computing or global positioning devices, including cell or satellite phones, pagers, personal global positioning satellite units, portable computers, portable audio listening, video viewing or recording devices, digital cameras, video camcorders, portable gaming systems, docking stations, automatic answering devices, and other similar devices and their accessories, and service related to the use of such devices.
c. “Portable electronics transaction” means the sale or lease of portable electronics or a related service, including portable electronics insurance.
(2) An entity applying for a license under this section is required to:
(a) Submit only one application for a license under s. 626.171. The requirements of s. 626.171(4) shall only apply to the officers and directors of the entity submitting the application.
(b) Obtain a license for each office, branch office, or place of business making use of the entity’s business name by applying to the department for the license on a simplified application form developed by rule of the department for this purpose.
(c) Pay the applicable fees for a license as prescribed in s. 624.501, be appointed under s. 626.112, and pay the prescribed appointment fee under s. 624.501. A licensed and appointed entity shall be directly responsible and accountable for all acts of the licensee’s employees.
(3) The limitations of any license issued under this section shall be expressed therein. The licensee shall have a separate and additional appointment as to each insurer represented.
(4) Except as otherwise expressly provided, a person applying for or holding a limited license is subject to the same applicable requirements and responsibilities that apply to general lines agents in general if licensed as to motor vehicle physical damage and mechanical breakdown insurance, industrial fire insurance or burglary insurance, motor vehicle rental insurance, credit insurance, crop hail and multiple-peril crop insurance, in-transit and storage personal property insurance, or portable electronics insurance; or as apply to life agents or health agents in general, as applicable, if licensed as to travel insurance.
(5) Nothing in this section shall permit the sale of an insurance policy or certificate for any limited class of business in a category identified under subsection (1) by a person or entity other than an insurance policy or certificate offered by an authorized insurer in this state or an eligible surplus lines insurer in this state.
History.s. 211, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 2, 4, ch. 79-156; s. 1, ch. 80-149; ss. 1, 7, ch. 80-387; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 175, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 21, ch. 82-386; s. 1, ch. 83-54; s. 1, ch. 84-88; s. 1, ch. 85-112; s. 1, ch. 86-274; s. 1, ch. 87-206; s. 1, ch. 88-197; ss. 32, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 222, ch. 97-102; s. 5, ch. 97-214; s. 9, ch. 97-292; s. 18, ch. 98-199; s. 21, ch. 99-3; s. 38, ch. 99-7; ss. 1, 11, ch. 99-204; s. 5, ch. 99-388; s. 1, ch. 2001-111; s. 2, ch. 2002-84; ss. 16, 53, ch. 2002-206; s. 80, ch. 2003-1; s. 1, ch. 2003-266; s. 32, ch. 2003-267; s. 25, ch. 2003-281; s. 8, ch. 2004-370; s. 25, ch. 2004-374; s. 153, ch. 2004-390; s. 1, ch. 2005-195; s. 13, ch. 2005-257; s. 2, ch. 2007-76; s. 41, ch. 2011-194; s. 7, ch. 2012-151; s. 14, ch. 2012-209; s. 14, ch. 2014-123.
626.322 License, appointment; certain military installations.A natural person, not a resident of this state, may be licensed and appointed to represent an authorized life insurer domiciled in this state or an authorized foreign life insurer which maintains a regional home office in this state, provided such person represents such insurer exclusively at a United States military installation located in a foreign country. The department may, upon request of the applicant and the insurer on application forms furnished by the department and upon payment of fees as prescribed in s. 624.501, issue a license and appointment to such person. By authorizing the effectuation of an appointment for a license, the insurer is thereby certifying to the department that the applicant has the necessary training to hold himself or herself out as a life insurance representative, and the insurer shall further certify that it is willing to be bound by the acts of such applicant within the scope of his or her employment. Appointments shall be continued as prescribed in s. 626.381 and upon payment of a fee as prescribed in s. 624.501, unless sooner terminated. Such fees received shall be credited to the Insurance Regulatory Trust Fund as provided for in s. 624.523.
History.s. 1, ch. 65-545; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 176, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 22, ch. 82-386; ss. 33, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 223, ch. 97-102; s. 931, ch. 2003-261; s. 33, ch. 2003-267; s. 26, ch. 2003-281.
626.331 Number of appointments permitted or required.
(1) Except as otherwise expressly provided in this code, the same individual may at any one time hold any and all categories of appointments as to which he or she has qualified and been licensed under this code.
(2) An agent shall be required to have a separate appointment as to each insurer by whom he or she is appointed as an agent. An agent must appoint himself or herself before performing the functions of a viatical settlement broker.
(3) The department may issue a single appointment covering both life and health insurances to an individual licensed as to both such kinds of insurance and appointed as agent as to both such kinds by the same insurer.
(4) If requested in writing by the applicant or payor entitled thereto within 60 days after the denial or disapproval of an appointment, the department shall refund to the applicant or payor entitled thereto any state and county taxes received by it in connection with the application for the appointment. The appointment fee is not subject to refund. No refund shall be made under any circumstances after issuance of an appointment. No refund shall be made if the applicable appointment year has commenced before receipt by the department of the request for cancellation of the appointment and refund.
(5) A title agent or title agency license must be limited to selling title insurance only for the appointing title insurer or insurers.
History.s. 212, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 63-17; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 71-57; s. 2, ch. 72-34; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 177, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 9, ch. 85-208; ss. 34, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 9, ch. 92-318; s. 224, ch. 97-102; s. 19, ch. 98-199; s. 10, ch. 2005-237.
626.341 Additional appointments; general lines, life, and health agents.
(1) At any time while a licensee’s license is in force, an insurer may apply to the department or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process on behalf of a licensee for an additional appointment as general lines agent or life or health agent for an additional insurer or insurers. The application for appointment shall set forth all information the department may require. Upon receipt of the appointment and payment of the applicable appointment taxes and fees, the department may issue the additional appointment without, in its discretion, further investigation concerning the applicant.
(2) A life or health agent with an appointment in force may solicit applications for policies of insurance on behalf of an insurer with respect to which he or she is not an appointed life or health agent, unless otherwise provided by contract, if such agent simultaneously with the submission to such insurer of the application for insurance solicited by him or her requests the insurer to appoint him or her as agent. However, no commissions shall be paid by such insurer to the agent until such time as an additional appointment with respect to such insurer has been received by the department or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process pursuant to the provisions of subsection (1).
History.s. 213, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 72-34; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 7, 10, ch. 80-341; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 178, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 10, ch. 85-208; ss. 35, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 225, ch. 97-102; s. 34, ch. 2003-267; s. 27, ch. 2003-281.
626.342 Furnishing supplies to unlicensed agent prohibited; civil liability.
(1) An insurer, a managing general agent, an insurance agency, or an agent, directly or through a representative, may not furnish to an agent any blank forms, applications, stationery, or other supplies to be used in soliciting, negotiating, or effecting contracts of insurance on its behalf unless such blank forms, applications, stationery, or other supplies relate to a class of business for which the agent is licensed and appointed, whether for that insurer or another insurer.
(2) An insurer, general agent, insurance agency, or agent who furnishes any of the supplies specified in subsection (1) to an agent or prospective agent not appointed to represent the insurer and who accepts from or writes any insurance business for such agent or agency is subject to civil liability to an insured of such insurer to the same extent and manner as if such agent or prospective agent had been appointed or authorized by the insurer or such agent to act on its or his or her behalf. The provisions of this subsection do not apply to insurance risk apportionment plans under s. 627.351.
(3) This section does not apply to the placing of surplus lines business under the provisions of ss. 626.913-626.937.
History.ss. 8, 10, ch. 80-341; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 179, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 1, ch. 84-75; ss. 36, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 226, ch. 97-102; s. 20, ch. 98-199; s. 14, ch. 2005-257; s. 15, ch. 2012-209.
626.371 Payment of fees, taxes for appointment period without appointment.
(1) All initial appointments shall be submitted to the department on a monthly basis no later than 45 days after the date of appointment and become effective on the date requested on the appointment form.
(2) If, upon application and qualification for an initial or renewal appointment and such investigation as the department may make, it appears to the department that an individual who was formerly licensed or is currently licensed but not properly appointed to represent an insurer or employer and who has been actively engaged or is currently actively engaged as such an appointee, but without being appointed as required, the department may, if it finds that such failure to be appointed was an inadvertent error on the part of the insurer or employer so represented, nevertheless issue or authorize the issuance of the appointment as applied for but subject to the condition that, before the appointment is issued, all fees and taxes which would have been due had the applicant been so appointed during such current and prior periods, with applicable fees pursuant to s. 624.501 for such current and prior periods of appointment, shall be paid to the department.
(3)(a) Failure to notify the department within the required time period shall result in the appointing entity being assessed a delinquent fee of $250 per appointee. Delinquent fees shall be paid by the appointing entity and may not be charged to the appointee.
(b) Failure to timely renew an appointment by an appointing entity prior to the expiration date of the appointment shall result in the appointing entity being assessed late filing, continuation, and reinstatement fees as prescribed in s. 624.501. Such fees must be paid by the appointing entity and cannot be charged back to the appointee.
History.s. 216, ch. 59-205; s. 9, ch. 65-269; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 182(1st), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 38, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 933, ch. 2003-261; s. 35, ch. 2003-267; s. 28, ch. 2003-281; s. 107, ch. 2004-5; s. 37, ch. 2004-390.
626.381 Renewal, continuation, reinstatement, or termination of appointment.
(1) The appointment of an appointee continues in force until suspended, revoked, or otherwise terminated, but is subject to a renewal request filed by the appointing entity in the appointee’s birth month as to natural persons or the month the original appointment was issued as to entities and every 24 months thereafter, accompanied by payment of the renewal appointment fee and taxes as prescribed in s. 624.501.
(2) Each appointing entity shall file with the department the lists, statements, and information as to appointees whose appointments are being renewed or terminated, accompanied by payment of the applicable renewal fees and taxes as prescribed in s. 624.501, by a date set forth by the department following the month during which the appointments will expire.
(3) Renewal of an appointment which is received by the department or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process prior to the expiration of an appointment in the licensee’s birth month or license issue date, whichever applies, may be renewed by the department without penalty and shall be effective as of the first day of the month succeeding the month in which the appointment would have expired.
(4) Renewal of an appointment which is received by the department or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process after the renewal date may be accepted and effectuated by the department in its discretion if the appointment, late filing, continuation, and reinstatement fee accompanies the renewal request pursuant to s. 624.501. Late filing fees shall be paid by the appointing entity and may not be charged to the appointee.
(5) The appointment issued to any such appointee shall remain in effect for as long as the appointment represented thereby continues in force as provided in this section.
(6) An appointing entity may require an appointee to attend training and education programs of the appointing entity in order for the appointee to receive a new appointment or maintain an existing appointment. However, an appointing entity may not require, directly or indirectly, any appointee to attend any training programs that are wholly or partially approved for general continuing education credit as provided in s. 626.2815.
(7) Each appointing entity may appoint only those persons who have met the continuing education requirements of the license necessary for such appointment as provided in s. 626.2815. However, an appointing entity may not make or allow, directly or indirectly, the appointment of any appointee or potential appointee to be contingent, in whole or in part, on any appointee’s attendance at any course that is approved, in whole or in part, for continuing education credit pursuant to s. 626.2815.
(8) This section does not apply to temporary licenses.
(9) The department may adopt rules to implement this section.
History.s. 217, ch. 59-205; s. 10, ch. 65-269; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 181(2nd), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 39, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 11, ch. 92-146; s. 934, ch. 2003-261; s. 36, ch. 2003-267; s. 29, ch. 2003-281; s. 38, ch. 2004-390; s. 27, ch. 2008-220; s. 16, ch. 2012-209.
626.382 Continuation, expiration of license; insurance agencies.The license of an insurance agency shall continue in force until canceled, suspended, or revoked or until it is otherwise terminated or expires by operation of law.
History.ss. 182(2nd), 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 15, ch. 2005-257; s. 15, ch. 2014-123.
626.431 Effect of expiration of license and appointment.
(1) Upon the expiration of any person’s appointment, as provided in s. 626.381, the person shall be without any authority conferred by the appointment and shall not engage or attempt to engage in any activity requiring an appointment.
(2) When a licensee’s last appointment for a particular class of insurance has been terminated or not renewed, the department must notify the licensee that his or her eligibility for appointment as such an appointee will expire unless he or she is appointed prior to expiration of the 48-month period referred to in subsection (3).
(3) An individual who fails to maintain an appointment with an appointing entity writing the class of business listed on his or her license during any 48-month period shall not be granted an appointment for that class of insurance until he or she qualifies as a first-time applicant.
History.s. 222, ch. 59-205; s. 5, ch. 72-34; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 189, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 12, ch. 85-208; ss. 40, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 59, ch. 91-108; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 227, ch. 97-102; s. 7, ch. 2001-142; s. 935, ch. 2003-261; s. 39, ch. 2004-390.
626.441 License or appointment; transferability.A license or appointment issued under this part is valid only as to the person named and is not transferable to another person. No licensee or appointee shall allow any other person to transact insurance by utilizing the license or appointment issued to such licensee or appointee.
History.s. 223, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 190, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 41, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.451 Appointment of agent or other representative.
(1) Each appointing entity or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process appointing an agent, adjuster, service representative, customer representative, or managing general agent in this state shall file the appointment with the department or office and, at the same time, pay the applicable appointment fee and taxes. Every appointment is subject to the prior issuance of the appropriate agent’s, adjuster’s, service representative’s, or customer representative’s license.
(2) By authorizing the effectuation of an appointment for a licensee, the appointing entity is thereby certifying to the department that an investigation of the licensee has been made and that in the appointing entity’s opinion and to the best of its knowledge and belief, the licensee is of good moral character and reputation, and is fit to engage in the insurance business. The appointing entity shall provide to the department any other information the department or office may reasonably require relative to the proposed appointee.
(3) By authorizing the effectuation of the appointment of an agent, adjuster, service representative, customer representative, or managing general agent the appointing entity is thereby certifying to the department that it is willing to be bound by the acts of the agent, adjuster, service representative, customer representative, or managing general agent, within the scope of the licensee’s employment or appointment.
(4) Each appointing entity shall advise the department or office in writing within 15 days after it or its general agent, officer, or other official becomes aware that an appointee has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to or has been found guilty of a felony after being appointed.
(5) Upon the filing of an information or indictment against an agent, adjuster, service representative, or customer representative, the state attorney shall immediately furnish the department or office a certified copy of the information or indictment.
(6) Each licensee shall advise the department in writing within 30 days after having been found guilty of or having pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or a crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more under the laws of the United States, any state of the United States, or any other country, without regard to whether a judgment of conviction has been entered by the court having jurisdiction of such cases.
History.s. 224, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 191, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 42, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 228, ch. 97-102; s. 21, ch. 98-199; s. 54, ch. 2002-206; s. 936, ch. 2003-261; s. 37, ch. 2003-267; s. 30, ch. 2003-281; s. 16, ch. 2005-257; s. 21, ch. 2018-102.
626.461 Continuation of appointment of agent or other representative.Subject to renewal or continuation by the appointing entity, the appointment of the agent, adjuster, service representative, customer representative, or managing general agent shall continue in effect until the person’s license is revoked or otherwise terminated, unless written notice of earlier termination of the appointment is filed with the department or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process by either the appointing entity or the appointee.
History.s. 225, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 192, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 43, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 81, ch. 2003-1; s. 937, ch. 2003-261; s. 38, ch. 2003-267; s. 31, ch. 2003-281; s. 40, ch. 2004-390.
626.471 Termination of appointment.
(1) Subject to an appointee’s contract rights, an appointing entity may terminate its appointment of any appointee at any time. Except when termination is upon a ground which would subject the appointee to suspension or revocation of his or her license and appointment under s. 626.611 or s. 626.621, and except as provided by contract between the appointing entity and the appointee, the appointing entity shall give at least 60 days’ advance written notice of its intention to terminate such appointment to the appointee, either by delivery thereof to the appointee in person or by mailing it, postage prepaid, addressed to the appointee at his or her last address of record with the appointing entity. Notice so mailed shall be deemed to have been given when deposited in a United States Postal Service mail depository.
(2) As soon as possible and at all events within 30 days after terminating the appointment of an appointee, other than as to an appointment terminated by the appointing entity’s failure to continue or renew it, the appointing entity shall file written notice thereof with the department, together with a statement that it has given the appointee notice thereof as provided in subsection (1) and shall file with the department the reasons and facts involved in such termination as required under s. 626.511.
(3) Upon termination of the appointment of an appointee, whether by failure to renew or continue the appointment, the appointing entity shall:
(a) File with the department the information required under s. 626.511.
(b) Subject to the exceptions provided under subsection (1), continue the outstanding contracts transacted by an agent until the expiration date or anniversary date when the policy is a continuous policy with no expiration date. This paragraph shall not be construed to prohibit the cancellation of such contracts when not otherwise prohibited by law.
(4) An appointee may terminate the appointment at any time by giving written or electronic notice thereof to the appointing entity, department, or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process. The department shall immediately terminate the appointment and notify the appointing entity of such termination. Such termination shall be subject to the appointee’s contract rights, if any.
(5) Upon receiving notice of termination, the department or person designated by the department to administer the appointment process shall terminate the appointment.
History.s. 226, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 71-327; s. 6, ch. 72-34; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 193(1st), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 13, ch. 85-208; ss. 44, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 57, ch. 91-110; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1, ch. 93-80; s. 229, ch. 97-102; s. 938, ch. 2003-261; s. 39, ch. 2003-267; s. 32, ch. 2003-281; s. 41, ch. 2004-390.
626.511 Reasons for termination; confidential information.
(1) Any insurer terminating the appointment of an agent; any general lines agent terminating the appointment of a customer representative or a crop hail or multiple-peril crop insurance agent; and any employer terminating the appointment of an adjuster, service representative, or managing general agent, whether such termination is by direct action of the appointing insurer, agent, or employer or by failure to renew or continue the appointment as provided, shall file with the department or office a statement of the reasons, if any, for and the facts relative to such termination. In the case of termination of the appointment of an agent, such information may be filed by the insurer or by the general agent of the insurer.
(2) In the case of terminations by failure to renew or continue the appointment, the information required under subsection (1) shall be filed with the department or office as soon as possible, and at all events within 30 days, after the date notice of intention not to so renew or continue was filed with the department or office as required in this chapter. In all other cases, the information required under subsection (1) shall be filed with the department or office at the time, or at all events within 10 days after, notice of the termination was filed with the department or office.
(3) Any information, document, record, or statement furnished to the department or office under subsection (1) is confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1).
History.s. 230, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 9, ch. 71-86; s. 7, ch. 72-34; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 194(2nd), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 25, ch. 82-386; s. 5, ch. 83-54; s. 10, ch. 88-166; ss. 45, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 2, ch. 93-80; s. 370, ch. 96-406; s. 22, ch. 98-199; s. 55, ch. 2002-206; s. 939, ch. 2003-261.
626.521 Credit and character reports.
(1) Before appointing for the first time in this state an agent, adjuster, service representative, customer representative, or managing general agent, the appointing insurer or employer shall secure and thereafter keep on file a full detailed credit and character report relative to the individual so appointed. This subsection does not apply to licensees who self-appoint pursuant to s. 624.501.
(2) If requested by the department, the insurer or employer, as the case may be, must furnish to the department such information as it reasonably requires relative to such individual and investigation.
(3) Information contained in credit or character reports furnished to or secured by the department under this section is confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1).
History.s. 231, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 10, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 197(1st), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 11, ch. 88-166; ss. 46, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 43, ch. 92-146; ss. 3, 4, ch. 93-80; s. 371, ch. 96-406; s. 1724, ch. 97-102; s. 23, ch. 98-199; s. 8, ch. 2001-142; s. 56, ch. 2002-206; s. 940, ch. 2003-261; s. 42, ch. 2004-390; s. 22, ch. 2018-102.
626.536 Reporting of administrative actions. Within 30 days after the final disposition of an administrative action taken against a licensee or insurance agency by a governmental agency or other regulatory agency in this or any other state or jurisdiction relating to the business of insurance, the sale of securities, or activity involving fraud, dishonesty, trustworthiness, or breach of a fiduciary duty, the licensee or insurance agency must submit a copy of the order, consent to order, or other relevant legal documents to the department. The department may adopt rules to administer this section.
History.s. 17, ch. 2002-206; s. 17, ch. 2005-257; s. 17, ch. 2012-209.
626.541 Firm, corporate, and business names; officers; associates; notice of changes.
(1) Any licensed agent or adjuster doing business under a firm or corporate name or under any business name other than his or her own individual name shall, within 30 days after the initial transaction of insurance under such business name, file with the department, on forms adopted and furnished by the department, a written statement of the firm, corporate, or business name being so used, the address of any office or offices or places of business making use of such name, and the name and social security number of each officer and director of the corporation and of each individual associated in such firm or corporation as to the insurance transactions thereof or in the use of such business name.
(2) In the event of any change of such name, or of any of the officers and directors, or of any of such addresses, or in the personnel so associated, written notice of such change must be filed with the department within 30 days by or on behalf of those licensees terminating any such firm, corporate, or business name or continuing to operate thereunder.
(3) Any licensed insurance agency shall, within 30 days after a change, notify the department of any change in the information contained in the application filed pursuant to s. 626.172.
History.s. 233, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 198(2nd), 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 27, ch. 82-386; ss. 48, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 230, ch. 97-102; s. 24, ch. 98-199; s. 9, ch. 2001-142; s. 941, ch. 2003-261; s. 43, ch. 2004-390.
1626.551 Notice of change of address, name.A licensee must notify the department, in writing, within 30 days after a change of name, residence address, principal business street address, mailing address, contact telephone numbers, including a business telephone number, or e-mail address. A licensee who has moved his or her principal place of residence and principal place of business from this state shall have his or her license and all appointments immediately terminated by the department. Failure to notify the department within the required time shall result in a fine not to exceed $250 for the first offense and a fine of at least $500 or suspension or revocation of the license pursuant to s. 626.611, s. 626.6115, s. 626.621, or s. 626.6215 for a subsequent offense. The department may adopt rules to administer and enforce this section.
History.s. 234, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 201, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 49, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 12, ch. 92-146; s. 231, ch. 97-102; s. 18, ch. 2002-206; s. 942, ch. 2003-261; s. 44, ch. 2004-390; s. 4, ch. 2008-237; s. 18, ch. 2012-209.
1Note.Section 12, ch. 2008-237, provides in part that “[e]ffective [June 30, 2008,] the Department of Financial Services may adopt rules to implement this act.”
626.561 Reporting and accounting for funds.
(1) All premiums, return premiums, or other funds belonging to insurers or others received by an agent, insurance agency, customer representative, or adjuster in transactions under the license are trust funds received by the licensee in a fiduciary capacity. An agent or insurance agency shall keep the funds belonging to each insurer for which an agent is not appointed, other than a surplus lines insurer, in a separate account so as to allow the department or office to properly audit such funds. The licensee in the applicable regular course of business shall account for and pay the same to the insurer, insured, or other person entitled thereto.
(2) The licensee shall keep and make available to the department or office books, accounts, and records as will enable the department or office to determine whether such licensee is complying with the provisions of this code. Every licensee shall preserve books, accounts, and records pertaining to a premium payment for at least 3 years after payment; provided, however, the preservation of records by computer or photographic reproductions or records in photographic form shall constitute compliance with this requirement. All other records shall be maintained in accordance with s. 626.748. The 3-year requirement shall not apply to insurance binders when no policy is ultimately issued and no premium is collected.
(3) Any agent, insurance agency, customer representative, or adjuster who, not being lawfully entitled thereto, either temporarily or permanently diverts or misappropriates such funds or any portion thereof or deprives the other person of a benefit therefrom commits the offense specified below:
(a) If the funds diverted or misappropriated are $300 or less, a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(b) If the funds diverted or misappropriated are more than $300, but less than $20,000, a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(c) If the funds diverted or misappropriated are $20,000 or more, but less than $100,000, a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(d) If the funds diverted or misappropriated are $100,000 or more, a felony of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
History.s. 235, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 202, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 50, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 3, ch. 95-340; s. 232, ch. 97-102; s. 25, ch. 98-199; s. 57, ch. 2002-206; s. 943, ch. 2003-261; s. 18, ch. 2005-257.
626.571 Delinquent agencies; notice of trusteeship.If any agent or agency becomes delinquent for 90 days in payment of accounts owing to the insurer or insurers represented by the agent or agency, and a trusteeship or similar arrangement for the administration of the affairs of the agent or agency is instituted, the insurer or insurers involved therein shall immediately give written notice thereof to the department. The notice shall state the name and address of each such agent, the circumstances and estimated amount of delinquency, and such other information as the insurer deems pertinent or as the department may reasonably require.
History.s. 236, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 51, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.5715 Parity of regulation of insurance agents and agencies.The Insurance Code requirements apply equally to all insurance transactions as between an insurance agency owned by or an agent associated with a federally chartered financial institution, an insurance agency owned by or an agent associated with a state-chartered financial institution, and an insurance agency owned by or an agent associated with an entity that is not a financial institution. Except as provided in the code, one insurance agency or agent is not subject to more stringent or less stringent regulation than another insurance agency or agent on the basis of the regulatory status of the entity that owns the agency or is associated with the agent. For the purposes of this section, a person is “associated with” another entity if the person is employed by, retained by, under contract to, or owned or controlled by the entity directly or indirectly. This section does not apply with respect to a financial institution that is prohibited from owning an insurance agency or that is prohibited from being associated with an insurance agent under state or federal law.
History.s. 5, ch. 96-168; s. 10, ch. 2001-142.
626.572 Rebating; when allowed.
(1) No insurance agency agent shall rebate any portion of a commission except as follows:
(a) The rebate shall be available to all insureds in the same actuarial class.
(b) The rebate shall be in accordance with a rebating schedule filed by the agent with the insurer issuing the policy to which the rebate applies.
(c) The rebating schedule shall be uniformly applied in that all insureds who purchase the same policy through the agent for the same amount of insurance receive the same percentage rebate.
(d) Rebates shall not be given to an insured with respect to a policy purchased from an insurer that prohibits its agents from rebating commissions.
(e) The rebate schedule is prominently displayed in public view in the agent’s place of doing business and a copy is available to insureds on request at no charge.
(f) The age, sex, place of residence, race, nationality, ethnic origin, marital status, or occupation of the insured or location of the risk is not utilized in determining the percentage of the rebate or whether a rebate is available.
(2) The insurance agency agent shall maintain a copy of all rebate schedules for the most recent 5 years and their effective dates.
(3) No rebate shall be withheld or limited in amount based on factors which are unfairly discriminatory.
(4) No rebate shall be given which is not reflected on the rebate schedule.
(5) No rebate shall be refused or granted based upon the purchase or failure of the insured or applicant to purchase collateral business.
History.ss. 52, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 233, ch. 97-102; s. 19, ch. 2005-257.
626.581 Commissions contingent upon adjustment savings; prohibition.
(1) It is unlawful for any insurer to enter into any agreement or understanding with its general or state agent or for any insurer, either directly or through its general or state agent, to enter into any agreement or understanding with any local resident agent of such insurer in this state, the effect of which is to make the net amount of any such agent’s commissions on policies of insurance negotiated and issued by such insurer in this state contingent upon savings effected in the adjustment, settlement, and payment of losses covered by such insurer’s policies, and in pursuance of which agreement or understanding the agent acts as adjuster for claims under such policies and pays claims incurred by such insurer under the policies from a stated percentage of the premiums collected or remitted to the agent thereon and retained by the agent; and any such agreements and understandings now existing are declared unlawful and shall be terminated immediately.
(2) Nothing in this section shall be construed to apply to or affect any contingent commissions agreement under which the general or state agent or local resident agent does not pay claims arising under policies of the insurer he or she represents from a stated percentage of premiums collected by him or her or remitted to such agent and retained by him or her.
History.s. 237, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 234, ch. 97-102.
626.591 Penalty for violation of s. 626.581.
(1) If any agent is found by the department to be in violation of s. 626.581, the department may, in its discretion, suspend or revoke the agent’s license. If any insurer is found by the office to be in violation of s. 626.581, the office may, in its discretion, suspend or revoke the insurer’s certificate of authority.
(2) Any such suspension or revocation shall be for a period of not less than 6 months, and the insurer or agent shall not subsequently be authorized or licensed to transact insurance unless the office or department is satisfied that the insurer or agent will not again violate any of the provisions of s. 626.581.
History.s. 238, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 944, ch. 2003-261.
626.593 Insurance agent; written contract for compensation.
(1) No person licensed as an insurance agent may receive any fee or commission or any other thing of value in addition to the rates filed pursuant to chapter 627 for examining any health insurance or any health benefit plan for the purpose of giving or offering advice, counsel, recommendation, or information in respect to terms, conditions, benefits, coverage, or premium of any such policy or contract unless such compensation is based upon a written contract signed by the party to be charged and specifying or clearly defining the amount or extent of such compensation and informing the party to be charged that any commission received from an insurer will be rebated to the party in accordance with subsection (3). In addition, all compensation to be paid to the insurance agent must be disclosed in the contract.
(2) A copy of every such contract shall be retained by the licensee for not less than 3 years after such services have been fully performed.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 626.572, all commissions received by an insurance agent from an insurer in connection with the issuance of a policy, when a separate fee or other consideration has been paid to the insurance agent by an insured, shall be rebated to the insured or other party being charged within 30 days after receipt of such commission by the insurance agent.
(4) This section is subject to the unfair insurance trade practices provisions of s. 626.9541(1)(g).
History.s. 37, ch. 2004-297; s. 1, ch. 2016-202.
626.601 Improper conduct; inquiry; fingerprinting.
(1) The department or office may, upon its own motion or upon a written complaint signed by any interested person and filed with the department or office, inquire into any alleged improper conduct of any licensed, approved, or certified licensee, insurance agency, agent, adjuster, service representative, managing general agent, customer representative, title insurance agent, title insurance agency, mediator, neutral evaluator, navigator, continuing education course provider, instructor, school official, or monitor group under this code. The department or office may thereafter initiate an investigation of any such individual or entity if it has reasonable cause to believe that the individual or entity has violated any provision of the insurance code. During the course of its investigation, the department or office shall contact the individual or entity being investigated unless it determines that contacting such individual or entity could jeopardize the successful completion of the investigation or cause injury to the public.
(2) In the investigation by the department or office of any alleged misconduct, an individual or entity shall, whenever so required by the department or office, cause the individual’s or entity’s books and records to be open for inspection for the purpose of such investigation.
(3) Complaints against an individual or entity may be informally alleged and are not required to include language necessary to charge a crime on an indictment or information.
(4) The expense for any hearings or investigations conducted under this law, as well as the fees and mileage of witnesses, may be paid out of the appropriate fund.
(5) If the department or office, after investigation, has reason to believe that an individual may have been found guilty of or pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or a crime related to the business of insurance in this or any other state or jurisdiction, the department or office may require the individual to file with the department or office a complete set of his or her fingerprints, which shall be accompanied by the fingerprint processing fee set forth in s. 624.501. The fingerprints shall be taken by an authorized law enforcement agency or other department-approved entity.
(6) The complaint and any information obtained pursuant to the investigation by the department or office are confidential and are exempt from s. 119.07 unless the department or office files a formal administrative complaint, emergency order, or consent order against the individual or entity. This subsection does not prevent the department or office from disclosing the complaint or such information as it deems necessary to conduct the investigation, to update the complainant as to the status and outcome of the complaint, or to share such information with any law enforcement agency or other regulatory body.
History.s. 239, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 11, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 203, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 54, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 13, ch. 92-146; s. 372, ch. 96-406; s. 1725, ch. 97-102; s. 2, ch. 98-103; s. 27, ch. 98-199; s. 11, ch. 2001-142; s. 58, ch. 2002-206; s. 946, ch. 2003-261; s. 40, ch. 2003-267; s. 33, ch. 2003-281; s. 20, ch. 2005-257; s. 16, ch. 2014-123.
626.602 Insurance agency names; disapproval.The department may disapprove the use of any true or fictitious name, other than the bona fide natural name of an individual, by any insurance agency on any of the following grounds:
(1) The name interferes with or is too similar to a name already filed and in use by another agency or insurer.
(2) The use of the name may mislead the public in any respect.
(3) The name states or implies that the agency is an insurer, motor club, hospital service plan, state or federal agency, charitable organization, or entity that primarily provides advice and counsel rather than sells or solicits insurance, or is entitled to engage in insurance activities not permitted under licenses held or applied for. This provision does not prohibit the use of the word “state” or “states” in the name of the agency. The use of the word “state” or “states” in the name of an agency does not in and of itself imply that the agency is a state agency.
History.s. 21, ch. 2005-257.
626.611 Grounds for compulsory refusal, suspension, or revocation of agent’s, title agency’s, adjuster’s, customer representative’s, service representative’s, or managing general agent’s license or appointment.
(1) The department shall deny an application for, suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew or continue the license or appointment of any applicant, agent, title agency, adjuster, customer representative, service representative, or managing general agent, and it shall suspend or revoke the eligibility to hold a license or appointment of any such person, if it finds that as to the applicant, licensee, or appointee any one or more of the following applicable grounds exist:
(a) Lack of one or more of the qualifications for the license or appointment as specified in this code.
(b) Material misstatement, misrepresentation, or fraud in obtaining the license or appointment or in attempting to obtain the license or appointment.
(c) Failure to pass to the satisfaction of the department any examination required under this code.
(d) If the license or appointment is willfully used, or to be used, to circumvent any of the requirements or prohibitions of this code.
(e) Willful misrepresentation of any insurance policy or annuity contract or willful deception with regard to any such policy or contract, done either in person or by any form of dissemination of information or advertising.
(f) If, as an adjuster, or agent licensed and appointed to adjust claims under this code, he or she has materially misrepresented to an insured or other interested party the terms and coverage of an insurance contract with intent and for the purpose of effecting settlement of claim for loss or damage or benefit under such contract on less favorable terms than those provided in and contemplated by the contract.
(g) Demonstrated lack of fitness or trustworthiness to engage in the business of insurance.
(h) Demonstrated lack of reasonably adequate knowledge and technical competence to engage in the transactions authorized by the license or appointment.
(i) Fraudulent or dishonest practices in the conduct of business under the license or appointment.
(j) Misappropriation, conversion, or unlawful withholding of moneys belonging to insurers or insureds or beneficiaries or to others and received in conduct of business under the license or appointment.
(k) Unlawfully rebating, attempting to unlawfully rebate, or unlawfully dividing or offering to divide his or her commission with another.
(l) Having obtained or attempted to obtain, or having used or using, a license or appointment as agent or customer representative for the purpose of soliciting or handling “controlled business” as defined in s. 626.730 with respect to general lines agents, s. 626.784 with respect to life agents, and s. 626.830 with respect to health agents.
(m) Willful failure to comply with, or willful violation of, any proper order or rule of the department or willful violation of any provision of this code.
(n) Having been found guilty of or having pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or a crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more under the law of the United States of America or of any state thereof or under the law of any other country, without regard to whether a judgment of conviction has been entered by the court having jurisdiction of such cases.
(o) Fraudulent or dishonest practice in submitting or aiding or abetting any person in the submission of an application for workers’ compensation coverage under chapter 440 containing false or misleading information as to employee payroll or classification for the purpose of avoiding or reducing the amount of premium due for such coverage.
(p) Sale of an unregistered security that was required to be registered, pursuant to chapter 517.
(q) In transactions related to viatical settlement contracts as defined in s. 626.9911:
1. Commission of a fraudulent or dishonest act.
2. No longer meeting the requirements for initial licensure.
3. Having received a fee, commission, or other valuable consideration for his or her services with respect to viatical settlements that involved unlicensed viatical settlement providers or persons who offered or attempted to negotiate on behalf of another person a viatical settlement contract as defined in s. 626.9911 and who were not licensed life agents.
4. Dealing in bad faith with viators.
(2) The department shall, upon receipt of information or an indictment, immediately temporarily suspend a license or appointment issued under this chapter when the licensee is charged with a felony enumerated in s. 626.207(2). Such suspension shall continue if the licensee is found guilty of, or pleads guilty or nolo contendere to, the crime, regardless of whether a judgment or conviction is entered, during a pending appeal. A person may not transact insurance business after suspension of his or her license or appointment.
History.s. 240, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 12, ch. 71-86; s. 160, ch. 73-333; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 204, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 28, ch. 82-386; s. 13, ch. 88-166; s. 49, ch. 90-201; ss. 55, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 47, ch. 91-1; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 14, ch. 92-146; s. 10, ch. 92-318; s. 236, ch. 97-102; s. 28, ch. 98-199; s. 12, ch. 2001-142; s. 59, ch. 2002-206; s. 947, ch. 2003-261; s. 45, ch. 2004-390; s. 11, ch. 2005-237; s. 17, ch. 2014-123; s. 26, ch. 2017-175.
626.6115 Grounds for compulsory refusal, suspension, or revocation of insurance agency license.The department shall deny, suspend, revoke, or refuse to continue the license of any insurance agency if it finds, as to any insurance agency or as to any majority owner, partner, manager, director, officer, or other person who manages or controls such agency, that any of the following applicable grounds exist:
(1) Lack by the agency of one or more of the qualifications for the license as specified in this code.
(2) Material misstatement, misrepresentation, or fraud in obtaining the license or in attempting to obtain the license.
(3) Denial, suspension, or revocation of a license to practice or conduct any regulated profession, business, or vocation relating to the business of insurance by this state, any other state, any nation, any possession or district of the United States, any court, or any lawful agency thereof. However, the existence of grounds for administrative action against a licensed agency does not constitute grounds for action against any other licensed agency, including an agency that owns, is under common ownership with, or is owned by, in whole or in part, the agency for which grounds for administrative action exist.
History.ss. 205, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 22, ch. 2005-257.
626.621 Grounds for discretionary refusal, suspension, or revocation of agent’s, adjuster’s, customer representative’s, service representative’s, or managing general agent’s license or appointment.The department may, in its discretion, deny an application for, suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew or continue the license or appointment of any applicant, agent, adjuster, customer representative, service representative, or managing general agent, and it may suspend or revoke the eligibility to hold a license or appointment of any such person, if it finds that as to the applicant, licensee, or appointee any one or more of the following applicable grounds exist under circumstances for which such denial, suspension, revocation, or refusal is not mandatory under s. 626.611:
(1) Any cause for which issuance of the license or appointment could have been refused had it then existed and been known to the department.
(2) Violation of any provision of this code or of any other law applicable to the business of insurance in the course of dealing under the license or appointment.
(3) Violation of any lawful order or rule of the department, commission, or office.
(4) Failure or refusal, upon demand, to pay over to any insurer he or she represents or has represented any money coming into his or her hands belonging to the insurer.
(5) Violation of the provision against twisting, as defined in s. 626.9541(1)(l).
(6) In the conduct of business under the license or appointment, engaging in unfair methods of competition or in unfair or deceptive acts or practices, as prohibited under part IX of this chapter, or having otherwise shown himself or herself to be a source of injury or loss to the public.
(7) Willful overinsurance of any property or health insurance risk.
(8) If a life agent, violation of the code of ethics.
(9) Cheating on an examination required for licensure or violating test center or examination procedures published orally, in writing, or electronically at the test site by authorized representatives of the examination program administrator. Communication of test center and examination procedures must be clearly established and documented.
(10) Failure to inform the department in writing within 30 days after pleading guilty or nolo contendere to, or being convicted or found guilty of, any felony or a crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more under the law of the United States or of any state thereof, or under the law of any other country without regard to whether a judgment of conviction has been entered by the court having jurisdiction of the case.
(11) Knowingly aiding, assisting, procuring, advising, or abetting any person in the violation of or to violate a provision of the insurance code or any order or rule of the department, commission, or office.
(12) Has been the subject of or has had a license, permit, appointment, registration, or other authority to conduct business subject to any decision, finding, injunction, suspension, prohibition, revocation, denial, judgment, final agency action, or administrative order by any court of competent jurisdiction, administrative law proceeding, state agency, federal agency, national securities, commodities, or option exchange, or national securities, commodities, or option association involving a violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or a violation of any rule or regulation of any national securities, commodities, or options exchange or national securities, commodities, or options association.
(13) Failure to comply with any civil, criminal, or administrative action taken by the child support enforcement program under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. ss. 651 et seq., to determine paternity or to establish, modify, enforce, or collect support.
(14) Directly or indirectly accepting any compensation, inducement, or reward from an inspector for the referral of the owner of the inspected property to the inspector or inspection company. This prohibition applies to an inspection intended for submission to an insurer in order to obtain property insurance coverage or establish the applicable property insurance premium.
(15) Denial, suspension, or revocation of, or any other adverse administrative action against, a license to practice or conduct any regulated profession, business, or vocation by this state, any other state, any nation, any possession or district of the United States, any court, or any lawful agency thereof.
History.s. 241, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 13, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 206, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 17, ch. 87-226; s. 14, ch. 88-166; s. 57, ch. 89-360; ss. 56, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 15, ch. 92-146; s. 237, ch. 97-102; s. 29, ch. 98-199; s. 46, ch. 2001-63; s. 60, ch. 2002-206; s. 948, ch. 2003-261; s. 46, ch. 2004-390; s. 24, ch. 2005-257; s. 47, ch. 2010-175; s. 19, ch. 2012-209; s. 1, ch. 2014-104; s. 27, ch. 2017-175.
626.6215 Grounds for discretionary refusal, suspension, or revocation of insurance agency license.The department may, in its discretion, deny, suspend, revoke, or refuse to continue the license of any insurance agency if it finds, as to any insurance agency or as to any majority owner, partner, manager, director, officer, or other person who manages or controls such insurance agency, that any one or more of the following applicable grounds exist:
(1) Any cause for which issuance of the license could have been refused had it then existed and been known to the department.
(2) If the license is used, or to be used, to circumvent any of the requirements or prohibitions of this code.
(3) Having been found guilty of, or having pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to, a felony in this state or any other state relating to the business of insurance or an insurance agency, without regard to whether a judgment of conviction has been entered by the court having jurisdiction of such cases.
(4) Knowingly employing any individual in a managerial capacity or in a capacity dealing with the public who is under an order of revocation or suspension issued by the department.
(5) Committing any of the following acts with such frequency as to have made the operation of the agency hazardous to the insurance-buying public or other persons:
(a) Misappropriation, conversion, or unlawful withholding of moneys belonging to insurers or insureds or beneficiaries or to others and received in the conduct of business under the license.
(b) Unlawfully rebating, attempting to unlawfully rebate, or unlawfully dividing or offering to divide commissions with another.
(c) Misrepresentation of any insurance policy or annuity contract, or deception with regard to any such policy or contract, done either in person or by any form of dissemination of information or advertising.
(d) Violation of any provision of this code or of any other law applicable to the business of insurance in the course of dealing under the license.
(e) Violation of any lawful order or rule of the department.
(f) Failure or refusal, upon demand, to pay over to any insurer he or she represents or has represented any money coming into his or her hands belonging to the insurer.
(g) Violation of the provision against twisting as defined in s. 626.9541(1)(l).
(h) In the conduct of business under the license, engaging in unfair methods of competition or in unfair or deceptive acts or practices as prohibited under part IX of this chapter.
(i) Willful overinsurance of any property insurance risk.
(j) Fraudulent or dishonest practices in the conduct of business arising out of activities related to insurance or the insurance agency.
(k) Demonstrated lack of fitness or trustworthiness to engage in the business of insurance arising out of activities related to insurance or the insurance agency.
(6) Failure to take corrective action or report a violation to the department within 30 days after an individual licensee’s violation is known or should have been known by one or more of the partners, officers, or managers acting on behalf of the agency. However, the existence of grounds for administrative action against a licensed agency does not constitute grounds for action against any other licensed agency, including an agency that owns, is under common ownership with, or is owned by, in whole or in part, the agency for which grounds for administrative action exist.
History.ss. 207, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 88, ch. 83-216; s. 18, ch. 87-226; ss. 57, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 238, ch. 97-102; s. 47, ch. 2001-63; s. 23, ch. 2005-257.
626.631 Procedure for refusal, suspension, or revocation of license.
(1) If any licensee is convicted by a court of a violation of this code or a felony, the licenses and appointments of such person shall be immediately revoked by the department. The licensee may subsequently request a hearing pursuant to ss. 120.569 and 120.57, and the department shall expedite any such requested hearing. The sole issue at such hearing shall be whether the revocation should be rescinded because such person was not in fact convicted of a violation of this code or a felony.
(2) The papers, documents, reports, or evidence of the department relative to a hearing for revocation or suspension of a license or appointment pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and chapter 120 are confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1) until after the same have been published at the hearing. However, such papers, documents, reports, or items of evidence are subject to discovery in a hearing for revocation or suspension of a license or appointment.
History.s. 242, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 14, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 208, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 58, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 16, ch. 92-146; s. 5, ch. 93-80; s. 373, ch. 96-406; s. 269, ch. 96-410; s. 949, ch. 2003-261; s. 47, ch. 2004-390.
626.641 Duration of suspension or revocation.
(1) The department shall, in its order suspending a license or appointment or in its order suspending the eligibility of a person to hold or apply for such license or appointment, specify the period during which the suspension is to be in effect; but such period shall not exceed 2 years. The license, appointment, or eligibility shall remain suspended during the period so specified, subject, however, to any rescission or modification of the order by the department, or modification or reversal thereof by the court, prior to expiration of the suspension period. A license, appointment, or eligibility that has been suspended shall not be reinstated except upon the filing and approval of an application for reinstatement and, in the case of a second suspension, completion of continuing education courses prescribed and approved by the department; but the department shall not approve an application for reinstatement if it finds that the circumstance or circumstances for which the license, appointment, or eligibility was suspended still exist or are likely to recur. In addition, an application for reinstatement is subject to denial and subject to a waiting period prior to approval on the same grounds that apply to applications for licensure pursuant to ss. 626.207, 626.611, 626.621, and 626.8698.
(2) No person or appointee under any license or appointment revoked by the department, nor any person whose eligibility to hold same has been revoked by the department, shall have the right to apply for another license or appointment under this code within 2 years from the effective date of such revocation or, if judicial review of such revocation is sought, within 2 years from the date of final court order or decree affirming the revocation. An applicant for another license or appointment pursuant to this subsection must apply and qualify for licensure in the same manner as a first-time applicant, and the application may be denied on the same grounds that apply to first-time applicants for licensure pursuant to ss. 626.207, 626.611, and 626.621. In addition, the department shall not grant a new license or appointment or reinstate eligibility to hold such license or appointment if it finds that the circumstance or circumstances for which the eligibility was revoked or for which the previous license or appointment was revoked still exist or are likely to recur; if an individual’s license as agent or customer representative or eligibility to hold same has been revoked upon the ground specified in s. 626.611(1)(l), the department shall refuse to grant or issue any new license or appointment so applied for.
(3)(a) If any of an individual’s licenses as an agent or customer representative or the eligibility to hold such license or licenses has been revoked at two separate times, the department may not thereafter grant or issue any license under this code to such individual.
(b) If a license as an agent or customer representative or the eligibility to hold such a license has been revoked resulting from the solicitation or sale of an insurance product to a person 65 years of age or older, the department may not thereafter grant or issue any license under this code to such individual.
(4) During the period of suspension or revocation of a license or appointment, and until the license is reinstated or, if revoked, a new license issued, the former licensee or appointee may not engage in or attempt or profess to engage in any transaction or business for which a license or appointment is required under this code or directly or indirectly own, control, or be employed in any manner by an agent, agency, adjuster, or adjusting firm.
History.s. 243, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 15, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 209, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 55, 58, ch. 89-360; ss. 59, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 17, ch. 92-146; s. 30, ch. 98-199; s. 61, ch. 2002-206; s. 950, ch. 2003-261; s. 44, ch. 2004-374; s. 48, ch. 2004-390; s. 118, ch. 2005-2; s. 25, ch. 2005-257; s. 9, ch. 2008-220; s. 48, ch. 2010-175; s. 20, ch. 2012-209; s. 18, ch. 2014-123.
626.651 Effect of suspension, revocation upon associated licenses and appointments and licensees and appointees.
(1) Upon suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew or continue any one license of a licensee, or upon suspension or revocation of eligibility to hold a license or appointment, the department shall at the same time likewise suspend or revoke all other licenses, appointments, or status of eligibility held by the licensee or appointee under this code.
(2) In case of the suspension or revocation of license and appointments of any general lines agent, or in case of suspension or revocation of eligibility, the license and appointments of any other agents who are members of such agency, whether incorporated or unincorporated, and any customer representatives employed by such agency, who knowingly are parties to the act which formed the ground for the suspension or revocation may likewise be suspended or revoked.
History.s. 244, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 16, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 210, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 60, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 31, ch. 98-199; s. 62, ch. 2002-206; s. 21, ch. 2012-209.
626.6515 Effect of suspension or revocation upon associated agencies.Upon suspension or revocation of the license of an insurance agency, the department may at the same time revoke, suspend, or refuse to continue the license of any other insurance agency under the management, ownership, control, or directorship of any person or persons who participated in activities which resulted in the suspension, revocation, or refusal to continue the initial license if acts occurred at that specific agency location which are grounds for refusal, suspension, or revocation of a license under this code. The department shall not, during the period of revocation or suspension, grant any new license for the establishment of any additional agency not in operation at the time of suspension, revocation, or refusal to any agency under or proposed to be under substantially the same management, ownership, control, or directorship of individuals who directed or participated in activities which resulted in suspension, revocation, or refusal of an agency license.
History.ss. 211, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.661 Surrender of license.
(1) Though issued to a licensee, all licenses issued under this chapter are at all times the property of the State of Florida; and, upon notice of any suspension, revocation, refusal to renew, failure to renew, expiration, or other termination of the license, such license shall no longer be in force and effect.
(2) This section shall not be deemed to require the surrender to the department of any license unless such surrender has been requested by the department.
History.s. 245, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 61-105; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 212, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 61, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 951, ch. 2003-261; s. 49, ch. 2004-390.
626.681 Administrative fine in lieu of or in addition to suspension, revocation, or refusal of license, appointment, or disapproval.
(1) Except as to insurance agencies, if the department finds that one or more grounds exist for the suspension, revocation, or refusal to issue, renew, or continue any license or appointment issued under this chapter, or disapproval of a continuing education course provider, instructor, school official, or monitor groups, the department may, in its discretion, in lieu of or in addition to such suspension or revocation, or in lieu of such refusal, or disapproval, and except on a second offense or when such suspension, revocation, or refusal is mandatory, impose upon the licensee, appointee, course provider, instructor, school official, or monitor group an administrative penalty in an amount up to $500 or, if the department has found willful misconduct or willful violation on the part of the licensee, appointee, course provider, instructor, school official, or monitor group up to $3,500. The administrative penalty may, in the discretion of the department, be augmented by an amount equal to any commissions received by or accruing to the credit of the licensee or appointee in connection with any transaction as to which the grounds for suspension, revocation, or refusal related.
(2) With respect to insurance agencies, if the department finds that one or more grounds exist for the suspension, revocation, or refusal to issue, renew, or continue any license issued under this chapter, the department may, in its discretion, in lieu of or in addition to such suspension or revocation, or in lieu of such refusal, impose upon the licensee an administrative penalty in an amount not to exceed $10,000 per violation. The administrative penalty may, in the discretion of the department, be augmented by an amount equal to any commissions received by or accruing to the credit of the licensee in connection with any transaction as to which the grounds for suspension, revocation, or refusal related.
(3) The department may allow the licensee, appointee, or continuing education course provider, instructor, school official, or monitor group a reasonable period, not to exceed 30 days, within which to pay to the department the amount of the penalty so imposed. If the licensee, appointee, course provider, instructor, school official, or monitor group fails to pay the penalty in its entirety to the department within the period so allowed, the license, appointments, approval, or status of that person shall stand suspended or revoked or issuance, renewal, or continuation shall be refused, as the case may be, upon expiration of such period.
History.s. 247, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 214, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 62, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 3, ch. 98-103; s. 32, ch. 98-199; s. 952, ch. 2003-261; s. 50, ch. 2004-390.
626.691 Probation.
(1) If the department finds that one or more grounds exist for the suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew or continue any license or appointment issued under this part, the department may, in its discretion, except when an administrative fine is not permissible under s. 626.681 or when such suspension, revocation, or refusal is mandatory, in lieu of or in addition to such suspension or revocation, or in lieu of such refusal, or in connection with any administrative monetary penalty imposed under s. 626.681, place the offending licensee or appointee on probation for a period, not to exceed 2 years, as specified by the department in its order.
(2) As a condition to such probation or in connection therewith, the department may specify in its order reasonable terms and conditions to be fulfilled by the probationer during the probation period. If during the probation period the department has good cause to believe that the probationer has violated a term or condition, it shall suspend, revoke, or refuse to issue, renew, or continue the license or appointment of the probationer, as upon the original grounds referred to in subsection (1).
History.s. 248, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 215, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 63, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 33, ch. 98-199; s. 953, ch. 2003-261; s. 51, ch. 2004-390.
626.692 Restitution.If any ground exists for the suspension, revocation, or refusal of a license or appointment, the department may, in addition to any other penalty authorized under this chapter, order the licensee to pay restitution to any person who has been deprived of money by the licensee’s misappropriation, conversion, or unlawful withholding of moneys belonging to insurers, insureds, beneficiaries, or others. In no instance shall the amount of restitution required to be paid under this section exceed the amount of money misappropriated, converted, or unlawfully withheld. Nothing in this section limits or restricts a person’s right to seek other remedies as provided for by law.
History.s. 34, ch. 98-199; s. 954, ch. 2003-261; s. 52, ch. 2004-390.
626.711 Retaliatory provision, agents.When under the laws of any other state any fine, tax, penalty, license fee, deposit of money, or security, or other obligation or prohibition is imposed upon resident insurance agents of this state doing business in such other state, then so long as such laws continue in force or are so administered, the same requirements, obligations, and prohibitions, of whatever kind, shall be imposed upon every insurance agent of such other state doing business in this state.
History.s. 250, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 216, 217, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 205, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
PART II
GENERAL LINES AGENTS
626.726 Short title.
626.727 Scope of this part.
626.728 This part supplements licensing law.
626.729 “Industrial fire insurance” defined.
626.730 Purpose of license.
626.731 Qualifications for general lines agent’s license.
626.7315 Prohibition against the unlicensed transaction of general lines insurance.
626.732 Requirement as to knowledge, experience, or instruction.
626.733 Agency firms and corporations; special requirements.
626.734 Corporations, liability of agent.
626.7351 Qualifications for customer representative’s license.
626.7352 Customer representative’s office.
626.7353 Appointment of customer representatives.
626.7354 Customer representative’s powers; agent’s or agency’s responsibility.
626.7355 Temporary license as customer representative pending examination.
626.741 Nonresident agents; licensing and restrictions.
626.742 Nonresident agents; service of process.
626.743 Nonresident agents; retaliatory provision.
626.744 Service representatives; application for license.
626.745 Service representatives, managing general agents; managers; activities.
626.7451 Managing general agents; required contract provisions.
626.7452 Managing general agents; examination authority.
626.7453 Managing general agents; errors and omissions insurance.
626.7454 Managing general agents; duties of insurers.
626.7455 Managing general agent; responsibility of insurer.
626.748 Agent’s records.
626.749 Place of business in residence.
626.7491 Business transacted with producer controlled property and casualty insurer.
626.7492 Reinsurance intermediaries.
626.752 Exchange of business.
626.753 Sharing commissions; penalty.
626.754 Rights of agent following termination of appointment.
626.726 Short title.This part may be referred to in any legal proceedings as the “General Lines Agents Law.”
History.s. 252, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.727 Scope of this part.This part applies only to general lines agents, customer representatives, service representatives, and managing general agents, all as defined in s. 626.015. Provisions of this part which apply to general lines agents and applicants also apply to personal lines agents and applicants, except where otherwise provided.
History.s. 251, ch. 59-205; s. 17, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 64, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 35, ch. 98-199; ss. 19, 72, ch. 2002-206; s. 20, ch. 2004-374.
626.728 This part supplements licensing law.This part is supplementary to part I of this chapter of the code, the “Licensing Procedures Law.”
History.s. 253, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.729 “Industrial fire insurance” defined.For the purposes of this code, “industrial fire insurance” is insurance against loss by fire of either buildings and other structures or contents, which may include extended coverage; windstorm insurance; basic limits owners, landlords, or tenants liability insurance with single limits of $25,000; comprehensive personal liability insurance with a single limit of $25,000; or burglary insurance, under which the premiums are collected quarterly or more often and the face amount of the insurance provided by the policy on one risk is not more than $50,000, including the contents of such buildings and other structures, and the insurer issuing such policy is operating under a system of collecting a debit by its agents. A temporary license for an industrial fire or burglary agent issued pursuant to s. 626.175 shall be solely for the purpose of collecting premiums and servicing in-force policies, and such licensee shall not directly or indirectly solicit, negotiate, or effect contracts of insurance.
History.s. 254, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 67-327; s. 1, ch. 73-118; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 1, 2, ch. 80-93; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 218, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 1, ch. 88-41; ss. 65, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 2, ch. 96-362; s. 20, ch. 2002-206.
626.730 Purpose of license.
(1) The purpose of a license issued under this code to a general lines agent or customer representative is to authorize and enable the licensee actively and in good faith to engage in the insurance business as such an agent or customer representative with respect to the public and to facilitate the public supervision of such activities in the public interest, and not for the purpose of enabling the licensee to receive a rebate of premium in the form of commission or other compensation as an agent or customer representative or enabling the licensee to receive commissions or other compensation based upon insurance solicited or procured by or through him or her upon his or her own interests or those of other persons with whom he or she is closely associated in capacities other than that of insurance agent or customer representative.
(2) The department shall not grant, renew, continue, or permit to exist any license or appointment as such agent or customer representative as to any applicant therefor or licensee or appointee thereunder if it finds that the license or appointment has been, is being, or will probably be used by the applicant, licensee, or appointee for the purpose of securing rebates or commissions on “controlled business,” that is, on insurance written on his or her own interests or those of his or her family or of any firm, corporation, or association with which he or she is associated, directly or indirectly, or in which he or she has an interest other than as to the insurance thereof.
(3) A violation of this section shall be deemed to exist or be probable (as to an applicant for appointment) if the department finds that during any 12-month period aggregate commissions or other compensation accruing in favor of the applicant or licensee or appointee based upon the insurance procured or to be procured (in the case of an applicant for appointment) by or through the licensee or appointee with respect to insurance of his or her own interests or those of his or her family or of any firm, corporation, or association with which he or she is associated or in which he or she is interested, as referred to in subsection (2), have exceeded or will exceed 50 percent of the aggregate amount of commissions and compensation accruing or to accrue in his or her favor during the same period as to all insurance coverages procured or to be procured by or through him or her. Except, any general lines agent who, on July 1, 1959, had aggregate commissions or other compensation on controlled business as defined in this section in excess of the aforesaid 50 percent shall be permitted to continue writing such insurance for the same insured or insureds, so long as the agent continues to hold a general lines agent’s license and appointment in good standing to transact the same kinds of insurance so written, until the termination of such license or appointment by failure to renew or continue, suspension, or revocation.
(4) This section does not prohibit a licensee holding a limited license for credit insurance or motor vehicle physical damage and mechanical breakdown insurance from being employed by or associated with a motor vehicle sales or financing agency, a retail sales establishment, or a consumer loan office for the purpose of insuring the interest of such entity in a motor vehicle sold or financed by it or in personal property if used as collateral for a loan.
(5) This section does not apply to the interest of a real estate mortgagee in or as to insurance covering such interest or in the real estate subject to such mortgage.
History.s. 255, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 1, ch. 80-133; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 219, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 66, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 239, ch. 97-102; s. 36, ch. 98-199; s. 22, ch. 99-3; s. 6, ch. 99-388; ss. 21, 63, ch. 2002-206; s. 42, ch. 2011-194; s. 22, ch. 2012-209.
626.731 Qualifications for general lines agent’s license.
(1) The department shall not grant or issue a license as general lines agent to any individual found by it to be untrustworthy or incompetent or who does not meet each of the following qualifications:
(a) The applicant is a natural person at least 18 years of age.
(b) The applicant is a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and is a bona fide resident of this state. An individual who is a bona fide resident of this state shall be deemed to meet the residence requirement of this paragraph, notwithstanding the existence at the time of application for license of a license in his or her name on the records of another state as a resident licensee of such other state, if the applicant furnishes a letter of clearance satisfactory to the department that the resident licenses have been canceled or changed to a nonresident basis and that he or she is in good standing.
(c) The applicant’s place of business will be located in this state and he or she will be actively engaged in the business of insurance and will maintain a place of business, the location of which is identifiable by and accessible to the public.
(d) The license is not being sought for the purpose of writing or handling controlled business, in violation of s. 626.730.
(e) The applicant is qualified as to knowledge, experience, or instruction in the business of insurance and meets the requirements provided in s. 626.732.
(f) The applicant has passed any required examination for license required under s. 626.221.
(2) The department shall not grant, continue, renew, or permit to exist the license or appointment of a general lines agent unless the agent meets the requirements of subsection (1).
History.s. 256, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 75-303; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-116; s. 52, ch. 77-121; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 220, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 29, ch. 82-386; s. 9, ch. 83-288; s. 15, ch. 88-166; ss. 67, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 240, ch. 97-102; s. 41, ch. 2003-267; s. 34, ch. 2003-281; s. 108, ch. 2004-5; s. 2, ch. 2005-195; s. 23, ch. 2018-102.
626.7315 Prohibition against the unlicensed transaction of general lines insurance.With respect to any line of authority as defined in s. 626.015(7), no individual shall, unless licensed as a general lines agent:
(1) Solicit insurance or procure applications therefor;
(2) In this state, receive or issue a receipt for any money on account of or for any insurer, or receive or issue a receipt for money from other persons to be transmitted to any insurer for a policy, contract, or certificate of insurance or any renewal thereof, even though the policy, certificate, or contract is not signed by him or her as agent or representative of the insurer, except as provided in s. 626.0428(1);
(3) Directly or indirectly represent himself or herself to be an agent of any insurer or as an agent, to collect or forward any insurance premium, or to solicit, negotiate, effect, procure, receive, deliver, or forward, directly or indirectly, any insurance contract or renewal thereof or any endorsement relating to an insurance contract, or attempt to effect the same, of property or insurable business activities or interests, located in this state;
(4) In this state, engage or hold himself or herself out as engaging in the business of analyzing or abstracting insurance policies or of counseling or advising or giving opinions, other than as a licensed attorney at law, relative to insurance or insurance contracts, for fee, commission, or other compensation, other than as a salaried bona fide full-time employee so counseling and advising his or her employer relative to the insurance interests of the employer and of the subsidiaries or business affiliates of the employer;
(5) In any way, directly or indirectly, make or cause to be made, or attempt to make or cause to be made, any contract of insurance for or on account of any insurer;
(6) Solicit, negotiate, or in any way, directly or indirectly, effect insurance contracts, if a member of a partnership or association, or a stockholder, officer, or agent of a corporation which holds an agency appointment from any insurer; or
(7) Receive or transmit applications for suretyship, or receive for delivery bonds founded on applications forwarded from this state, or otherwise procure suretyship to be effected by a surety insurer upon the bonds of persons in this state or upon bonds given to persons in this state.
History.s. 22, ch. 2002-206; s. 955, ch. 2003-261; s. 42, ch. 2003-267; s. 35, ch. 2003-281; s. 109, ch. 2004-5; s. 35, ch. 2017-175.
626.732 Requirement as to knowledge, experience, or instruction.
(1) Except as provided in subsection (4), an applicant for a license as a general lines agent, except for a chartered property and casualty underwriter (CPCU), may not be qualified or licensed unless, within the 4 years immediately preceding the date the application for license is filed with the department, the applicant has:
(a) Taught or successfully completed 200 hours of coursework in property, casualty, surety, health, and marine insurance approved by the department, 3 hours of which must be on the subject matter of ethics;
(b) Completed at least 1 year in responsible insurance duties as a substantially full-time bona fide employee in all lines of property and casualty insurance as set forth in the definition of a general lines agent under s. 626.015, but without the education requirement described in paragraph (a); or
(c) Completed at least 1 year of responsible insurance duties as a licensed and appointed customer representative, service representative, or personal lines agent and 40 hours of coursework approved by the department covering the areas of property, casualty, surety, health, and marine insurance.
(2) Except as provided under subsection (4), an applicant for a license as a personal lines agent, except for a chartered property and casualty underwriter (CPCU), may not be qualified or licensed unless, within the 4 years immediately preceding the date the application for license is filed with the department, the applicant has:
(a) Taught or successfully completed 60 hours of coursework in property, casualty, and inland marine insurance approved by the department, 3 hours of which must be on the subject matter of ethics;
(b) Completed at least 6 months of responsible insurance duties as a substantially full-time employee in the area of property and casualty insurance sold to individuals and families for noncommercial purposes, but without the education requirement described in paragraph (a); or
(c) Completed at least 6 months of responsible insurance duties as a licensed and appointed customer representative, limited customer representative, or service representative in property and casualty insurance.
(3) If an applicant’s qualifications as required under subsection (1) or subsection (2) are based in part upon periods of employment in responsible insurance duties, the applicant shall submit with the license application an attestation of his or her employment setting forth the period of such employment and giving a brief abstract of the nature of the duties performed.
(4) An individual who was or became qualified to sit for an agent’s or adjuster’s examination at or during the time he or she was employed by the department or office and who, while so employed, was employed in responsible insurance duties as a full-time bona fide employee may take an examination if application for such examination is made within 4 years after the date of termination of employment with the department or office.
(5) Courses under subsections (1) and (2) must include instruction on the subject matter of unauthorized entities engaging in the business of insurance.
(6) Prelicensure coursework is not required for an applicant who is a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces or the spouse of such a member or veteran. A qualified individual must provide a copy of a military identification card, military dependent identification card, military service record, military personnel file, veteran record, discharge paper, or separation document that indicates such member is currently in good standing or such veteran is honorably discharged.
(7) This section does not apply to an individual holding only a limited license for travel insurance, motor vehicle rental insurance, credit insurance, in-transit and storage personal property insurance, or portable electronics insurance.
History.s. 257, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 221(1st), 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 16, ch. 88-166; ss. 68, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 241, ch. 97-102; s. 37, ch. 98-199; s. 3, ch. 2002-84; s. 23, ch. 2002-206; s. 956, ch. 2003-261; s. 43, ch. 2003-267; s. 36, ch. 2003-281; s. 21, ch. 2004-374; s. 23, ch. 2012-209; s. 7, ch. 2015-180; s. 42, ch. 2018-7.
626.733 Agency firms and corporations; special requirements.If a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or association holds an agency contract, all members thereof who solicit, negotiate, or effect insurance contracts, and all officers and stockholders of the corporation who solicit, negotiate, or effect insurance contracts, must qualify and be licensed individually as agents or customer representatives, and all of such agents must be individually appointed as to each property and casualty insurer entering into an agency contract with such agency. Each appointing insurer shall comply with this section and shall determine and require that each agent so associated with such agency is likewise appointed as to the same such insurer and for the same type and class of license. However, an insurer is not required to comply with the appointment provisions of this section for an agent within an agency who does not solicit, negotiate, or effect insurance contracts for that insurer.
History.s. 258, ch. 59-205; s. 18, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 222(1st), 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 30, ch. 82-386; s. 4, ch. 83-157; ss. 69, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 38, ch. 98-199; s. 82, ch. 2003-1; s. 44, ch. 2003-267; s. 37, ch. 2003-281; s. 19, ch. 2014-123.
626.734 Corporations, liability of agent.Any general lines insurance agent who is an officer, director, or stockholder of an incorporated general lines insurance agency shall remain personally and fully liable and accountable for any wrongful acts, misconduct, or violations of any provisions of this code committed by such licensee or by any person under his or her direct supervision and control while acting on behalf of the corporation. Nothing in this section shall be construed to render any person criminally liable or subject to any disciplinary proceedings for any act unless such person personally committed or knew or should have known of such act and of the facts constituting a violation of this chapter.
History.s. 4, ch. 63-20; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 70, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 242, ch. 97-102.
626.7351 Qualifications for customer representative’s license.The department shall not grant or issue a license as customer representative to any individual found by it to be untrustworthy or incompetent, or who does not meet each of the following qualifications:
(1) The applicant is a natural person at least 18 years of age.
(2)(a) The applicant is a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and is a bona fide resident of this state and will actually reside in the state at least 6 months out of the year. An individual who is a bona fide resident of this state shall be deemed to meet the residence requirements of this subsection, notwithstanding the existence at the time of application for license of a license in his or her name on the records of another state as a resident licensee of the other state, if the applicant furnishes a letter of clearance satisfactory to the department that the resident licenses have been canceled or changed to a nonresident basis and that he or she is in good standing.
(b) The applicant is a resident of another state sharing a common boundary with this state and has been employed in this state for a period of not less than 6 months by a Florida resident general lines agent licensed and appointed under this chapter. The applicant licensed under this subsection must meet all other requirements as described in this chapter and must, under the direct supervision of a licensed and appointed Florida resident general lines agent, conduct business solely within the confines of the office of the agent or agency whom he or she represents in this state.
(3) Within 4 years preceding the date that the application for license was filed with the department, the applicant has earned the designation of Accredited Advisor in Insurance (AAI), Associate in General Insurance (AINS), or Accredited Customer Service Representative (ACSR) from the Insurance Institute of America; the designation of Certified Insurance Counselor (CIC) from the Society of Certified Insurance Service Counselors; the designation of Certified Professional Service Representative (CPSR) from the National Foundation for CPSR; the designation of Certified Insurance Service Representative (CISR) from the Society of Certified Insurance Service Representatives; the designation of Certified Insurance Representative (CIR) from All-Lines Training; the designation of Professional Customer Service Representative (PCSR) from the Professional Career Institute; the designation of Registered Customer Service Representative (RCSR) from a regionally accredited postsecondary institution in the state whose curriculum is approved by the department and includes comprehensive analysis of basic property and casualty lines of insurance and testing which demonstrates mastery of the subject; or a degree from an accredited institution of higher learning approved by the department when the degree includes a minimum of 9 credit hours of insurance instruction, including specific instruction in the areas of property, casualty, and inland marine insurance. The department shall adopt rules establishing standards for the approval of curriculum.
(4) The license is not being sought for the purpose of writing or handling controlled business in violation of s. 626.730.
(5) The applicant will be employed by only one agent or agency and the agency will appoint one designated agent within the agency who will supervise the work of the applicant and his or her conduct in the insurance business, and the applicant will spend all of his or her business time in the employment of the agent or agency and will be domiciled in the office of the appointing agent or agency as provided in s. 626.7352.
(6) Upon the issuance of the license applied for, the applicant is not an agent or a service representative.
History.ss. 71, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 18, ch. 92-146; s. 243, ch. 97-102; s. 39, ch. 98-199; s. 45, ch. 2003-267; s. 38, ch. 2003-281; s. 110, ch. 2004-5; s. 26, ch. 2005-257; s. 8, ch. 2015-180; s. 24, ch. 2018-102.
626.7352 Customer representative’s office.A customer representative shall be housed wholly and completely within the actual confines of the office of the agent or agency whom he or she represents, together with any such furniture, books, records, equipment, and paraphernalia necessary for the conduct of such insurance business. The customer representative shall not maintain any such office or furniture, books, records, equipment, or paraphernalia at any other address or location, nor shall he or she maintain or make use of any other quarters, space, or address, for the purpose of the conduct of such business. No advertising, letterhead, or telephone listing of the customer representative shall indicate any business address other than that of the agent or agency by whom he or she is employed. No customer representative may be employed from any location except where an agent licensed to write such lines spends his or her full time in charge of such location.
History.ss. 72, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 19, ch. 92-146; s. 244, ch. 97-102.
626.7353 Appointment of customer representatives.
(1) Any person duly licensed and appointed as a general lines agent, except a person holding a limited license provided for in s. 626.321, and any general lines insurance agency may appoint as customer representatives any persons who hold or have qualified for a customer representative’s license.
(2) The same individual shall not be appointed as customer representative as to more than one appointing agent or agency at any one time, and the general lines agent designated pursuant to s. 626.7351(5) to supervise the work of the customer representative shall sign the appointment form, obligating himself or herself to supervise the customer representative’s conduct and business.
(3) The department shall prescribe by rule forms to administer this section.
History.ss. 73, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 20, ch. 92-146; s. 245, ch. 97-102; s. 7, ch. 2000-370.
626.7354 Customer representative’s powers; agent’s or agency’s responsibility.
(1) A customer representative’s license shall not cover life insurance or any kind of insurance for which the agent or agency by which he or she is appointed is not then licensed.
(2) A customer representative may engage in transacting insurance with customers who have been solicited by any agent or customer representative in the same agency, and may engage in transacting insurance with customers who have not been so solicited to the extent and under conditions that are otherwise consistent with this part and with the insurer’s contract with the agent appointing him or her.
(3) A customer representative shall be a salaried employee of the agent or agency. His or her compensation shall not be primarily based on commissions or the production of applications, insurance, or premiums.
(4) A customer representative shall not engage in transacting insurance outside of the office of his or her agent or agency.
(5) All business transacted by a customer representative under his or her license shall be in the name of the agent or agency by which he or she is appointed, and the agent or agency shall be responsible and accountable for all acts of the customer representative within the scope of such appointment.
History.ss. 74, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 246, ch. 97-102; s. 83, ch. 2003-1; s. 46, ch. 2003-267; s. 39, ch. 2003-281; s. 9, ch. 2015-180.
626.7355 Temporary license as customer representative pending examination.
(1) The department shall issue a temporary customer representative’s license with respect to a person who has applied for such license upon finding that the person:
(a) Has filed an application for a customer representative’s license and has paid any fees required under s. 624.501(5) in connection with such application for a customer representative’s license.
(b) Is a natural person at least 18 years of age.
(c) Is a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and is a bona fide resident of this state or is a resident of another state sharing a common boundary with this state. An individual who is a bona fide resident of this state shall be deemed to meet the residence requirement of this paragraph, notwithstanding the existence at the time of application for license, of a license in his or her name on the records of another state as a resident licensee of such other state, if the applicant furnishes a letter of clearance satisfactory to the department that his or her resident licenses have been canceled or changed to a nonresident basis and that he or she is in good standing.
(d) Has such business reputation as would reasonably assure that the applicant will conduct his or her business as a temporary customer representative fairly and in good faith and without detriment to the public.
(e) Is employed at the time of application for license, and at all times throughout the existence of the temporary license, by only one general lines agency or licensed general lines agent.
(f) Is supervised by one licensed and appointed general lines agent who will oversee the work of the applicant and be responsible for the applicant’s acts under this section. Any individual who is currently serving an administrative probation imposed by the department shall not be permitted to act as the designated supervising general lines agent to supervise the activities of a temporary licensee.
(g) Is not disqualified from licensure by the department under s. 626.207.
(h) Is not the subject of pending criminal, administrative, or civil charges in any state or federal court anywhere in the United States or its possessions or any other country.
(i) Is not the subject of pending criminal probation for a felony crime or any misdemeanor crimes which are punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more or participating in a pre-trial intervention program or on administrative probation by the department.
(2) There must be no more than one temporary customer representative licensee in the general lines agency location where the temporary licensee is housed and the temporary licensee shall be housed wholly and completely within the actual confines of the office of the agent or agency whom he or she represents. No such temporary licensee may be employed from any location except where his or her designated supervising general lines agent spends his or her full time. No general lines agency location may employ more than two temporary customer representative licensees in 1 calendar year.
(3) The temporary licensee cannot be the only person conducting the business of insurance in the office at any time.
(4) The applicant’s employer and supervising general lines agent shall be responsible for the acts of any licensee under this section.
(5) The applicant shall furnish the following with his or her application:
(a) Evidence that the applicant is enrolled in a customer representative educational qualification course which has been approved by the department.
(b) A certificate of employment and a report as to the applicant’s integrity and moral character on a form prescribed by the department and executed by the supervising general lines insurance agent.
(6) Under the temporary license, the licensee shall have the authority to handle only such classes of business as his or her supervising general lines agent is licensed and appointed to handle except as provided herein. A temporary licensee shall not transact life or health insurance business under this license.
(7) In no event shall a temporary licensee licensed under this section perform any of the functions for which a customer representative or general lines agent’s license is required after expiration of the temporary license without having passed the written examination as for a regular customer representative or general lines agent’s license and have subsequently been licensed and appointed as such by the department.
(8) The temporary license shall be effective for a period of 90 days, but shall be subject to earlier termination at the request of the employer or if suspended or revoked by the department.
(9) The department shall not issue a temporary customer representative’s license to any individual who has ever held such a temporary license in this state.
(10) Applicants licensed as temporary customer representatives pursuant to this section shall be appointed as such in accordance with the provisions of ss. 626.112 and 626.451.
(11) The temporary customer representative’s license shall expire 90 days after issuance. The effective date of the license and appointment shall be the date the supervising general lines agent certifies that the applicant is an employee of the agent or agency, provided the applicant meets the requirements for the license as provided in this section. The application for license and supporting documentation shall be mailed to the department within 48 hours after the supervising agent certifies that the applicant is an employee of the agent or agency for purposes of obtaining a license under this section.
(12) The department shall have the authority to take administrative action against the license of a temporary licensee or supervising general lines insurance agent for conduct which is a violation of any provision of this section or other provisions of the Insurance Code or rules of the department.
History.s. 1, ch. 97-75; s. 39, ch. 99-7; s. 47, ch. 2003-267; s. 40, ch. 2003-281; s. 111, ch. 2004-5; s. 27, ch. 2005-257; s. 20, ch. 2014-123.
626.741 Nonresident agents; licensing and restrictions.
(1) The department may, upon written application and the payment of the fees as specified in s. 624.501, issue a license as:
(a) A nonresident general lines agent to an individual licensed in his or her home state as a resident agent for the same line of authority as a Florida resident general lines agent and otherwise qualified therefor under the laws of this state, but who is not a resident of this state, if by the laws of the individual’s home state, residents of this state may be licensed in a similar manner as a nonresident agent of his or her home state.
(b) A customer representative to an individual otherwise qualified therefor, who is not a resident of this state, but is a resident of a state sharing a common boundary with this state.
(2) The department may enter into reciprocal agreements with the appropriate official of any other state waiving the written examination of any applicant resident in that other state if:
(a) In the applicant’s home state, a resident of this state is privileged to procure a general lines agent’s license upon compliance with the conditions specified in subsection (1) and without discrimination as to fees or otherwise in favor of the residents of the individual’s home state.
(b) The appropriate official of the individual’s home state certifies that the applicant holds a currently valid license as a resident agent in his or her home state for the same line of authority as a general lines agent in this state.
(c) The applicant satisfies the examination requirement under s. 626.221, or qualifies for an exemption thereunder.
(3) The department shall not, however, issue any license and appointment to any individual who does not, at the time of issuance and throughout the existence of the Florida license, hold a license as agent or broker issued by his or her home state; nor to any individual who is employed by any insurer as a service representative or who is a managing general agent in any state, whether or not also licensed in another state as an agent or broker. The foregoing requirement to hold a similar license in the applicant’s home state does not apply to customer representatives unless the home state licenses residents of that state in a similar manner. The authority of such nonresident license is limited to the specific lines of authority granted in the license issued by the agent’s home state and further limited to the specific lines authorized under the nonresident license issued by this state. The department shall have discretion to refuse to issue any license or appointment to a nonresident when it has reason to believe that any of the grounds exist as for suspension, denial, or revocation of license as set forth in ss. 626.611 and 626.621.
(4) Any individual who holds a Florida nonresident agent’s license, upon becoming a resident of this state may, for a period not to exceed 90 days, continue to transact insurance in this state under the nonresident license and appointment. Such individual must make application for resident licensure and must become licensed as a resident agent within 90 days of becoming a resident of this state.
(5) Upon becoming a resident of this state, an individual who holds a Florida nonresident agent’s license is no longer eligible for licensure as a nonresident agent if such individual fails to make application for a resident license and become licensed as a resident agent within 90 days. His or her license and any appointments shall be canceled immediately. He or she may apply for a resident license pursuant to s. 626.731.
(6) Except as provided in this section and ss. 626.742 and 626.743, nonresident agents shall be subject to the same requirements as apply to agents resident in this state. However, nonresident agents are not required to maintain an insurance agency in this state. If a nonresident agent does maintain or have a financial interest in an insurance agency in this state, the agency is subject to the same requirements that apply to agencies of resident agents in this state.
(7) If available, the department shall verify the nonresident applicant’s licensing status through the Producer Database maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, its affiliates, or subsidiaries.
History.s. 265, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 74-148; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 89, ch. 79-40; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 229, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 35, ch. 82-386; s. 19, ch. 87-226; ss. 80, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 250, ch. 97-102; s. 41, ch. 98-199; s. 40, ch. 99-7; s. 13, ch. 2001-142; s. 25, ch. 2002-206; s. 84, ch. 2003-1; s. 48, ch. 2003-267; s. 41, ch. 2003-281; s. 5, ch. 2004-374.
626.742 Nonresident agents; service of process.
(1) Each licensed nonresident agent shall appoint the Chief Financial Officer as his or her attorney to receive service of legal process issued against the agent in this state, upon causes of action arising within this state out of transactions under the agent’s license and appointment. Service upon the Chief Financial Officer as attorney shall constitute effective legal service upon the agent.
(2) The appointment of the Chief Financial Officer for service of process shall be irrevocable for as long as there could be any cause of action against the agent arising out of his or her insurance transactions in this state.
(3) Duplicate copies of such legal process against such agent shall be served upon the Chief Financial Officer by a person competent to serve a summons.
(4) Upon receiving such service, the Chief Financial Officer shall forthwith send one of the copies of the process, by registered mail with return receipt requested, to the defendant agent at his or her last address of record with the department.
(5) The Chief Financial Officer shall keep a record of the day and hour of service upon him or her of all such legal process.
History.s. 266, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 230, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 81, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 251, ch. 97-102; s. 957, ch. 2003-261.
626.743 Nonresident agents; retaliatory provision.When under the laws of any other state any fine, tax, penalty, license fee, deposit of money or security or other obligation, limitation, or prohibition is imposed upon resident insurance agents of this state in connection with the issuance of, and activities under, a nonresident agent’s license under the laws of such state as to such Florida agent, including the sharing of commissions, then so long as such laws continue in force or are so administered, the same requirements, obligations, limitations, and prohibitions, of whatever kind, shall be imposed upon every insurance agent of such other state doing business in this state under a nonresident agent’s license issued under s. 626.741.
History.s. 267, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 231, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.744 Service representatives; application for license.The application for a license as service representative must show the applicant’s name, residence address, name of employer, position or title, type of work to be performed by the applicant in this state, and any additional information which the department may reasonably require.
History.s. 268, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 22, ch. 71-86; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 232, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 82, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 25, ch. 2018-102.
626.745 Service representatives, managing general agents; managers; activities.Individuals employed by insurers or their managers, general agents, or representatives as service representatives, and as managing general agents employed for the purpose of or engaged in assisting agents in negotiating and effecting contracts of insurance, shall engage in such activities only when licensed as or accompanied by a general lines agent duly licensed and appointed under this code.
History.s. 269, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 233, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 83, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 64, ch. 2002-206; s. 26, ch. 2018-102.
626.7451 Managing general agents; required contract provisions.No person acting in the capacity of a managing general agent shall place business with an insurer unless there is in force a written contract between the parties which sets forth the responsibility for a particular function, specifies the division of responsibilities, and contains the following minimum provisions:
(1) The insurer or managing general agent may terminate the contract for cause as provided in the contract upon written notice to the terminated party. The insurer may suspend the underwriting authority of the managing general agent during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for termination. The insurer or managing general agent must fulfill any obligations on policies, regardless of any dispute.
(2) The managing general agent shall render accounts to the insurer detailing all transactions and remit all funds due under the terms of the contract to the insurer on a monthly or more frequent basis.
(3) All funds collected for the account of the insurer shall be held by the managing general agent in a fiduciary capacity in a bank which is insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The account shall be used for all payment as directed by the insurer. The managing general agent may retain up to 60 days of estimated claims payments and allocated loss adjustment expenses.
(4) Separate records of business written by the managing general agent shall be maintained unless the managing general agent is a controlled or controlling person. The insurer shall have access and the right to copy all accounts and records related to its business in a form usable by the insurer, and the department and office shall have access to all books, bank accounts, and records of the managing general agent in a form usable to the department and office. The records shall be retained according to s. 626.561.
(5) The contract may not be assigned in whole or part by the managing general agent.
(6) The contract shall specify appropriate underwriting guidelines, including:
(a) The maximum annual premium volume.
(b) The basis of the rates to be charged.
(c) The types of risks which may be written.
(d) Maximum limits of liability.
(e) Applicable exclusions.
(f) Territorial limitations.
(g) Policy cancellation provisions.
(h) The maximum policy period.

This subsection shall not apply when the managing general agent is a controlled or controlling person.

(7) If the contract permits the managing general agent to settle claims on behalf of the insurer:
(a) All claims must be reported to the company in a timely manner and all claims must be adjusted by properly licensed persons.
(b) Notice shall be sent by the managing general agent to the insurer as soon as it becomes known that the claim:
1. Exceeds the limit set by the insurer;
2. Involves a coverage dispute;
3. Exceeds the managing general agent’s claims settlement authority;
4. Is open for more than 6 months; or
5. Is closed by payment of an amount set by the office or an amount set by the insurer, whichever is less.
(c) All claims files shall be the joint property of the insurer and managing general agent. However, upon an order of liquidation of the insurer the claims and related application files shall become the sole property of the insurer or its estate. The managing general agent shall have reasonable access to and the right to copy the files on a timely basis.
(d) Any settlement authority granted to the managing general agent may be terminated for cause upon the insurer’s written notice to the managing general agent or upon the termination of the contract. The insurer may suspend the settlement authority during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for termination.
(8) If electronic claims files exist, the contract must address the timely transmission of the data.
(9) If the contract provides for a sharing of interim profits by the managing general agent and the managing general agent has the authority to determine the amount of the interim profits by establishing the total of all loss reserves, including IBNR if any, used in calculating the interim profits, interim profits shall not be paid to the managing general agent until 1 year after the profits are earned for property insurance business and 5 years after they are earned on casualty business and not until the profits have been verified.
(10) The managing general agent shall not:
(a) Bind reinsurance or retrocessions on behalf of the insurer, except that the managing general agent may bind facultative reinsurance if the contract with the insurer contains reinsurance underwriting guidelines including, for both reinsurance assumed and ceded, a list of reinsurers which are authorized, the coverages and amounts or percentages that may be reinsured, and commission schedules and that the insurer has put each reinsurer on notice of the authorization by providing the reinsurer and reinsurance intermediary, if any, with a copy of this section of the contract and that the reinsurer will send confirmation of reinsurance placement directly to the insurer and the managing general agent.
(b) Commit the insurer to participate in insurance or reinsurance syndicates.
(c) Appoint any producer without assuring that the producer is lawfully licensed to transact the type of insurance for which he or she is appointed.
(d) Without prior approval of the insurer, pay or commit the insurer to pay a claim over a specified amount, net of reinsurance, which exceeds 1 percent of the insurer’s policyholder’s surplus as of December 31 of the last completed calendar year.
(e) Collect any payment from a reinsurer or commit the insurer to any claims settlement with a reinsurer without prior approval of the insurer. If prior approval is given, a report must be promptly forwarded to the insurer.
(f) Permit its subproducer to serve on its board of directors.
(g) Appoint a submanaging general agent.
(11) An appointed managing general agent, when placing business with an insurer under this code, may charge a per-policy fee not to exceed $25. The aggregate of per-policy fees for a placement of business authorized under this section, when combined with any other per-policy fee charged by the insurer, may not result in per-policy fees that exceed the aggregate amount of $25. The per-policy fee must be a component of the insurer’s rate filing and must be fully earned.

For the purposes of this section and ss. 626.7453 and 626.7454, the term “controlling person” or “controlling” has the meaning set forth in s. 625.012(5)(b)1., and the term “controlled person” or “controlled” has the meaning set forth in s. 625.012(5)(b)2.

History.ss. 84, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 1, ch. 91-296; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 252, ch. 97-102; s. 958, ch. 2003-261; s. 77, ch. 2003-281; s. 1, ch. 2003-407; s. 7, ch. 2011-174; s. 27, ch. 2018-102.
626.7452 Managing general agents; examination authority.The acts of the managing general agent are considered to be the acts of the insurer on whose behalf it is acting. A managing general agent may be examined as if it were the insurer except in the case where the managing general agent solely represents a single domestic insurer.
History.ss. 85, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.7453 Managing general agents; errors and omissions insurance.As a part of the appointment process, the insurer appointing the managing general agent shall certify that, upon investigation and to the best of the insurer’s knowledge and belief, the proposed managing general agent has obtained errors and omissions insurance in an amount acceptable to the insurer appointing the managing general agent. This section does not apply to a managing general agent that is a controlled or controlling person.
History.ss. 86, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.7454 Managing general agents; duties of insurers.
(1) The insurer shall have on file for each managing general agent with which it has done business an independent financial examination in a form acceptable to the office.
(2) If a managing general agent establishes total loss reserves, including IBNR if any, the insurer shall annually obtain the opinion of an actuary attesting to the adequacy of loss reserves established for losses incurred and outstanding on business produced by the managing general agent. This subsection is in addition to any other requirement of loss reserve certification.
(3) The insurer shall, at least annually, conduct an onsite review of the underwriting and claims processing operations of the managing general agent; however, the insurer shall conduct an onsite review of the underwriting and claims processing operations of a newly engaged managing general agent within 6 months after he or she is engaged.
(4) Binding authority for all reinsurance contracts or participation in insurance or reinsurance syndicates shall rest with an officer of the insurer, who shall not be affiliated with the managing general agent.
(5) Within 30 days after entering into or terminating a contract with a managing general agent, the insurer shall provide written notification of the appointment or termination to the department and office. Notices of appointment of a managing general agent shall include a statement of duties which the applicant is expected to perform on behalf of the insurer, the lines of insurance for which the applicant is to be authorized to act, and any other information the department or office may request.
(6) An insurer shall review its books and records on a quarterly basis to determine if any producer has become a managing general agent as defined in s. 626.015. If the insurer determines that a producer has become a managing general agent, the insurer shall promptly notify the producer and the department and office of such determination and the insurer and producer must fully comply with the provisions of this section and ss. 626.7451, 626.7452, and 626.7453 within 30 days after such determination.

Subsections (1), (3), and (4) do not apply to a managing general agent that is a controlled or controlling person.

History.ss. 87, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 2, ch. 91-296; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 253, ch. 97-102; s. 26, ch. 2002-206; s. 959, ch. 2003-261.
626.7455 Managing general agent; responsibility of insurer.
(1) An insurer may not enter into an agreement with any person to manage the business written in this state by the general lines agents appointed by the insurer or appointed by the managing general agent on behalf of the insurer unless the person is properly licensed as an agent and appointed as a managing general agent in this state. An insurer is responsible for the acts of its managing general agent when the agent acts within the scope of his or her authority.
(2) This section does not apply to surplus lines insurance when written pursuant to the Surplus Lines Law, ss. 626.913-626.937.
History.s. 27, ch. 2002-206; s. 28, ch. 2018-102.
626.748 Agent’s records.Every agent transacting any insurance policy must maintain in his or her office, or have readily accessible by electronic or photographic means, for a period of at least 5 years after policy expiration, such records of policies transacted by him or her as to enable the policyholders and department to obtain all necessary information, including daily reports, applications, change endorsements, or documents signed or initialed by the insured concerning such policies.
History.s. 272, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 235, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 89, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 254, ch. 97-102; s. 10, ch. 2015-180.
626.749 Place of business in residence.No requirement of this part that an agent maintain within this state a place of business which is accessible to the public shall be deemed to prohibit the maintenance of such a place of business in connection with the place of residence of either the agent or of other persons, if:
(1) A separate room is set aside by the agent for, and is actually used as, the office or place of business;
(2) Such room is easily accessible to the public and is in fact in the usual course of business used by the agent in his or her dealings with the public; and
(3) The existence of such place of business is suitably advertised, as determined by the department.
History.s. 273, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 255, ch. 97-102.
626.7491 Business transacted with producer controlled property and casualty insurer.
(1) SHORT TITLE.This section may be cited as the “Business Transacted with Producer Controlled Property or Casualty Insurer Act.”
(2) DEFINITIONS.As used in this section:
(a) “Accredited state” means a state in which the department or agency which regulates insurance has qualified as meeting the minimum financial regulatory standards adopted and established from time to time by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC).
(b) “Control” or “controlled” means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract other than a contract for goods or nonmanagement services, or otherwise. Control shall be presumed to exist if any person, directly or indirectly, owns, controls, holds with the power to vote, or holds proxies representing 10 percent or more of the outstanding voting securities of any other person. No person shall be deemed to control another person solely by reason of being an officer or director of such other person.
(c) “Controlled insurer” means a licensed insurer which is controlled, directly or indirectly, by a producer.
(d) “Controlling producer” means a producer who, directly or indirectly, controls an insurer.
(e) “Licensed insurer” or “insurer” means any person, firm, association, or corporation licensed to transact a property or casualty insurance business in this state. The following are not licensed insurers for the purposes of this section:
1. Any risk retention group as defined in:
a. The Superfund Amendments Reauthorization Act of 1986, Pub. L. No. 99-499, 100 Stat. 1613 (1986);
b. The Risk Retention Act, 15 U.S.C. ss. 3901 et seq. (1982 and Supp. 1986); or
c. Section 627.942(9);
2. Any residual market pool or joint underwriting authority or association; and
3. Any captive insurance company as defined in s. 628.901.
(f) “Producer” means an insurance agent or agents or any other person who, for any compensation, commission, or other thing of value, acts or aids in any manner in soliciting, negotiating, or procuring the making of any insurance contract on behalf of an insured other than the person.
(3) APPLICABILITY.This section shall apply to licensed insurers domiciled in this state or domiciled in a state that is not an accredited state having in effect a law substantially similar to this section. The provisions of ss. 628.801-628.803, to the extent they are not superseded by this section, shall continue to apply to all parties within holding company systems subject to this section.
(4) MINIMUM STANDARDS.
(a) The provisions of this section apply if, in any calendar year, the aggregate amount of gross written premiums on business placed with a controlled insurer by a controlling producer is equal to or greater than 5 percent of the admitted assets of the controlled insurer, as reported in the controlled insurer’s annual statement filed as of December 31 of the prior year.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a), the provisions of this subsection and subsections (5), (6), and (7) do not apply if:
1. The controlling producer places insurance only with the controlled insurer, or only with the controlled insurer and any members of the controlled insurer’s holding company system, or the controlled insurer’s parent, affiliate, or subsidiary and receives no compensation based upon the amount of premiums written in connection with such insurance;
2. The controlling producer accepts insurance placements only from nonaffiliated subproducers and not directly from insureds; and
3. The controlled insurer, except for insurance business written through a risk apportionment plan as provided in s. 627.351, accepts insurance business only from a controlling producer, a producer controlled by the controlled insurer, or a producer that is a subsidiary of the controlled insurer.
(5) REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS.A controlled insurer shall not accept business from a controlling producer and a controlling producer shall not place business with a controlled insurer unless there is a written contract between the controlling producer and the insurer specifying the responsibilities of each party, which contract has been approved by the board of directors of the insurer and contains the following minimum provisions:
(a) The controlled insurer may terminate the contract for cause, upon written notice to the controlling producer. The controlled insurer shall suspend the authority of the controlling producer to write business during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for the termination.
(b) The controlling producer shall render accounts to the controlled insurer detailing all material transactions, including information necessary to support all commissions, charges, and other fees received by, or owing to, the controlling producer.
(c) The controlling producer shall remit all funds due under the terms of the contract to the controlled insurer, at least monthly. The due date shall be fixed so that premiums, or installments thereof, collected shall be remitted no later than 90 days after the effective date of any policy placed with the controlled insurer under such contract.
(d) All funds collected for the controlled insurer’s account shall be held by the controlling producer in a fiduciary capacity, in one or more appropriately identified bank accounts in banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System, in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Florida Insurance Code. However, funds of a controlling producer not required to be licensed in this state shall be maintained in compliance with the requirements of the jurisdiction of the controlling producer’s domicile.
(e) The controlling producer shall maintain separately identifiable records of business written for the controlled insurer.
(f) The contract shall not be assigned in whole or in part by the controlling producer.
(g) The controlled insurer shall provide the controlling producer with its underwriting standards, rules and procedures, manuals setting forth the rates to be charged, and the conditions for the acceptance or rejection of risks. The controlling producer shall adhere to the standards, rules, procedures, rates, and conditions. The standards, rules, procedures, rates, and conditions shall be the same as those applicable to comparable business placed with the controlled insurer by a producer other than the controlling producer.
(h) The contract must specify the rates and terms of the controlling producer’s commissions, charges, or other fees and the purposes for those charges or fees. The rates of the commissions, charges, and other fees shall be no greater than those applicable to comparable business placed with the controlled insurer by producers other than controlling producers. For purposes of this paragraph and paragraph (g), examples of “comparable business” include the same lines of insurance, same kinds of insurance, same kinds of risks, similar policy limits, and similar quality of business.
(i) If the contract provides that the controlling producer, on insurance business placed with the insurer, is to be compensated contingent upon the insurer’s profits on that business, then such compensation shall not be determined and paid until at least 5 years after the premiums on liability insurance are earned and at least 1 year after the premiums are earned on any other insurance. In no event shall the commissions be paid until the adequacy of the controlled insurer’s reserves on remaining claims has been independently verified pursuant to paragraph (7)(a).
(j) The contract must specify a limit on the controlling producer’s writings in relation to the controlled insurer’s surplus and total writings. The insurer may establish a different limit for each line or subline of business. The controlled insurer shall notify the controlling producer when the applicable limit is approached and shall not accept business from the controlling producer after the limit is reached. The controlling producer shall not place business with the controlled insurer if it has been notified by the controlled insurer that the limit has been reached.
(k) The controlling producer may negotiate but shall not bind reinsurance on behalf of the controlled insurer on business the controlling producer places with the controlled insurer, except the controlling producer may bind facultative reinsurance contracts pursuant to obligatory facultative agreements if the contract with the controlled insurer contains underwriting guidelines including, for both reinsurance assumed and ceded, a list of reinsurers with which such automatic agreements are in effect, the coverages and amounts or percentages that may be reinsured, and commission schedules.
(6) AUDIT COMMITTEE.Every controlled insurer shall have an audit committee of the board of directors composed of independent directors. The audit committee shall annually meet with management, the insurer’s independent certified public accountants, and an independent casualty actuary or other independent loss reserve specialist acceptable to the office to review the adequacy of the insurer’s loss reserves.
(7) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
(a) In addition to any other required loss reserve certification, the controlled insurer shall, on April 1 of each year, file with the office the opinion of an independent casualty actuary, or such other independent loss reserve specialist acceptable to the office, reporting loss ratios for each line of business written and attesting to the adequacy of loss reserves established for losses incurred and outstanding as of the year end, including incurred but not reported losses, on business placed by the producer.
(b) The controlled insurer shall annually report to the office the amount of commissions paid to the producer, the percentage such amount represents of the net premiums written, and comparable amounts and percentages paid to noncontrolling producers for placements of the same kinds of insurance.
(8) PENALTIES.
(a) If the department believes that the controlling producer or any other person has not materially complied with this section, or any rule adopted or order issued hereunder, the department may order the controlling producer to cease placing business with the controlled insurer.
(b) If, due to such material noncompliance, the controlled insurer or any policyholder thereof has suffered any loss or damage, the department or office may maintain a civil action or intervene in an action brought by or on behalf of the insurer or policyholder for recovery of compensatory damages for the benefit of the insurer or policyholder or other appropriate relief.
(c) If an order for liquidation or rehabilitation of the controlled insurer has been entered pursuant to chapter 631 and the receiver appointed under such order believes that the controlling producer or any other person has not materially complied with this section or any rule adopted or order issued hereunder and the insurer has suffered any loss or damage therefrom, the receiver may maintain a civil action for recovery of damages or other appropriate sanctions for the benefit of the insurer.
(d) Nothing contained in this section shall affect the right of the department or office to impose any other penalties provided for in the Florida Insurance Code.
(e) Nothing contained in this section is intended to or shall in any manner alter or affect the rights of policyholders, claimants, creditors, or other third parties.
(9) DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENT.A property or casualty insurer that is controlled by a producer may not accept business from such producer in any transaction unless the producer, prior to the effective date of the policy, delivers written notice, signed by the insured, to the prospective insured disclosing the relationship between the insurer and the controlling producer. The disclosure must be retained in the underwriting file until the filing of the report on examination covering the period in which the coverage is in effect; however, if the business is placed through a subproducer who is not a controlling producer, the controlling producer and the controlled insurer shall retain in its records a signed commitment from the subproducer that the subproducer is aware of the relationship between the insurer and the producer and that the subproducer has or will notify the insured.
History.s. 40, ch. 92-146; s. 11, ch. 93-410; s. 960, ch. 2003-261; s. 35, ch. 2012-151.
626.7492 Reinsurance intermediaries.
(1) SHORT TITLE.This section may be cited as the “Reinsurance Intermediary Act.”
(2) DEFINITIONS.As used in this section:
(a) “Actuary” means a person who is a member in good standing of the American Academy of Actuaries.
(b) “Controlling person” means any person, firm, association, or corporation who directly or indirectly has the power to direct or cause to be directed, the management, control, or activities of the reinsurance intermediary.
(c) “Insurer” means any person duly licensed in this state pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Florida Insurance Code as an insurer.
(d) “Producer” means an agent, broker, or reinsurance intermediary licensed pursuant to the applicable provision of the Florida Insurance Code.
(e) “Reinsurance intermediary” means a reinsurance intermediary broker or a reinsurance intermediary manager.
(f) “Reinsurance intermediary broker” means any person, other than an officer or employee of the ceding insurer, who solicits, negotiates, or places reinsurance cessions or retrocessions on behalf of a ceding insurer without the authority or power to bind reinsurance on behalf of the ceding insurer.
(g) “Reinsurance intermediary manager” means any person who has authority to bind, or manages all or part of, the assumed reinsurance business of a reinsurer, including the management of a separate division, department, or underwriting office, and acts as an agent for the reinsurer whether known as a reinsurance intermediary manager, manager, or other similar term. Notwithstanding the above, none of the following persons is a reinsurance intermediary manager with respect to the reinsurer for the purposes of this section:
1. An employee of the reinsurer;
2. A manager of the United States branch of an alien reinsurer;
3. An underwriting manager which, pursuant to contract, manages all the reinsurance operations of the reinsurer, is under common control with the reinsurer, subject to the holding company act, and whose compensation is not based on the volume of premiums written.
4. The manager of a group, association, pool, or organization of insurers which engage in joint underwriting or joint reinsurance and who are subject to examination by the insurance regulatory authority of the state in which the manager’s principal business office is located.
(h) “Reinsurer” means any person duly licensed in this state pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Florida Insurance Code as an insurer with the authority to assume reinsurance.
(i) “Violation” means failure by the reinsurance intermediary, insurer, or reinsurer for whom the reinsurance intermediary was acting to substantially comply with the provisions of this section.
(j) “Qualified United States financial institution” means an institution that:
1. Is organized or, in the case of a United States office of a foreign banking organization, licensed under the laws of the United States or any state thereof;
2. Is regulated, supervised, and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies; and
3. Has been determined by the department or the Securities Valuation Office of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners to meet the standards of financial condition and standing that are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit will be acceptable to the department.
(3) LICENSURE.
(a) No person shall act as a reinsurance intermediary broker in this state if the reinsurance intermediary broker maintains an office either directly or as a member or employee of a firm or association, or an officer, director, or employee of a corporation:
1. In this state, unless the reinsurance intermediary broker is a licensed producer in this state; or
2. In another state, unless the reinsurance intermediary broker is a licensed producer in this state or in another state having a law substantially similar to this section or the reinsurance intermediary broker is licensed in this state as a nonresident reinsurance intermediary.
(b) No person shall act as a reinsurance intermediary manager:
1. For a reinsurer domiciled in this state, unless the reinsurance intermediary manager is a licensed producer in this state;
2. In this state, if the reinsurance intermediary manager maintains an office either directly or as a member or employee of a firm or association, or an officer, director, or employee of a corporation in this state, unless the reinsurance intermediary manager is a licensed producer in this state;
3. In another state for a nondomestic insurer, unless the reinsurance intermediary manager is a licensed producer in this state or another state having a law substantially similar to this section, or the person is licensed in this state as a nonresident reinsurance intermediary.
(c) The department may require a reinsurance intermediary manager subject to the provisions of this section to:
1. File a bond from an insurer in an amount acceptable to the department for the protection of the reinsurer; and
2. Maintain an errors and omissions insurance policy in an amount acceptable to the department.
(d) The department may issue a reinsurance intermediary license to any person who has complied with the requirements of this section. Any license issued to a person who is not an individual must authorize each member of the person and any designated employee to act as a reinsurance intermediary under the license, and each member and designated individual must be named in the application and any supplements thereto. Any license issued to a corporation must authorize any officer, and any designated employee or designated director thereof, to act as a reinsurance intermediary on behalf of the corporation, and each officer and designated employee and director must be named in the application and any supplements thereto.
(e) If the applicant for a reinsurance intermediary license is a nonresident, the applicant, as a condition precedent to receiving or holding a license, must designate the Chief Financial Officer as agent for service of process in the manner, and with the same legal effect, provided for by this section for designation of service of process upon unauthorized insurers. Such applicant shall also furnish the department with the name and address of a resident of this state upon whom notices or orders of the department or process affecting the nonresident reinsurance intermediary may be served. The licensee shall promptly notify the department in writing of each change in its designated agent for service of process, and the change shall not become effective until acknowledged by the department.
(f) The department may refuse to issue a reinsurance intermediary license if, in its judgment, the applicant, anyone named on the application, or any member, principal, officer, or director of the applicant, has demonstrated a lack of fitness and trustworthiness, or that any controlling person of the applicant is not fit or trustworthy to act as a reinsurance intermediary, or that any of the foregoing has given cause for revocation or suspension of the license, or has failed to comply with any prerequisite for the issuance of the license.
(g) Reinsurance intermediaries shall be licensed, appointed, renewed, continued, reinstated, or terminated as prescribed in this chapter for insurance representatives in general, except that they shall be exempt from the photo, education, and examination provisions. License, appointment, and other fees shall be those prescribed in s. 624.501.
(h) The grounds and procedures for refusal of a license or appointment or suspension or revocation of a license or appointment issued to a reinsurance intermediary under this section are as set forth in ss. 626.611-626.691 for insurance representatives in general.
(i) An attorney licensed in this state, when acting in a professional capacity, is exempt from this subsection.
(j) The department may develop necessary rules to carry out this section.
(4) REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS; REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY BROKERS.A transaction between a reinsurance intermediary broker and the insurer it represents in the capacity of a reinsurance intermediary broker may be entered into only pursuant to a written authorization specifying the responsibilities of each party. The authorization must provide, at a minimum, that:
(a) The insurer may terminate the reinsurance intermediary broker’s authority at any time.
(b) The reinsurance intermediary broker must render accounts to the insurer accurately detailing all material transactions, including information necessary to support all commissions, charges, and other fees received by, or owing to, the reinsurance intermediary broker and must remit all funds due to the insurer within 30 days after receipt.
(c) All funds collected for the insurer’s account will be held by the reinsurance intermediary broker in a fiduciary capacity in a bank which is a qualified United States financial institution.
(d) The reinsurance intermediary broker will comply with the provisions of subsection (5).
(e) The reinsurance intermediary broker will comply with the written standards established by the insurer for the cession or retrocession of all risks.
(f) The reinsurance intermediary broker will disclose to the insurer any relationship with any reinsurer to which business will be ceded or retroceded.
(5) BOOKS AND RECORDS; REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY BROKERS.
(a) For at least 10 years after expiration of each contract of reinsurance transacted by the reinsurance intermediary broker, the reinsurance intermediary broker must keep a complete record for each transaction showing:
1. The type of contract, limits, underwriting restrictions, classes or risks, and territory;
2. The period of coverage, including effective and expiration dates, cancellation provisions, and notice required of cancellation;
3. Reporting and settlement requirements of balances;
4. The rate used to compute the reinsurance premium;
5. The names and addresses of assuming reinsurers;
6. The rates of all reinsurance commissions, including the commissions on any retrocessions handled by the reinsurance intermediary broker;
7. Related correspondence and memoranda;
8. Proof of placement;
9. Details regarding retrocessions handled by the reinsurance intermediary broker, including the identity of retrocessionaires and the percentage of each contract assumed or ceded;
10. Financial records, including, but not limited to, premium and loss accounts; and
11. If the reinsurance intermediary broker procures a reinsurance contract on behalf of a licensed ceding insurer:
a. Directly from any assuming reinsurer, written evidence that the assuming reinsurer has agreed to assume the risk; or
b. If such contract is placed through a representative of the assuming reinsurer, other than an employee, written evidence that the reinsurer has delegated binding authority to the representative.
(b) The insurer will have access and the right to copy and audit all accounts and records maintained by the reinsurance intermediary broker related to its business in a form usable by the insurer.
(6) DUTIES OF INSURERS USING THE SERVICES OF A REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY BROKER.
(a) An insurer shall not engage the services of any person to act as a reinsurance intermediary broker on its behalf unless the person is licensed pursuant to this section.
(b) An insurer may not employ an individual who is employed by a reinsurance intermediary broker with which it transacts business, unless the reinsurance intermediary broker is under common control with the insurer and subject to ss. 628.801, 628.802, and 628.803.
(c) The insurer shall annually obtain a copy of statements of the financial condition of each reinsurance intermediary broker with which it transacts business.
(7) REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS; REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY MANAGERS.Transactions between a reinsurance intermediary manager and the reinsurer it represents in that capacity may be entered into pursuant only to a written contract specifying the responsibilities of each party, which must be approved by the reinsurer’s board of directors. At least 30 days before the reinsurer assumes or cedes business through the producer, a true copy of the approved contract must be filed with the department for approval. The contract must provide, at a minimum, that:
(a) The reinsurer may terminate the contract for cause upon written notice to the reinsurance intermediary manager. The reinsurer may immediately suspend the authority of the reinsurance intermediary manager to assume or cede business during the pendency of any dispute regarding the cause for termination.
(b) The reinsurance intermediary manager must render accounts to the reinsurer, accurately detailing all material transactions, including information necessary to support all commissions, charges, and other fees received by or owing to the reinsurance intermediary manager, and must remit all funds due under the contract to the reinsurer at least monthly.
(c) All funds collected for the reinsurer’s account must be held by the reinsurance intermediary manager in a fiduciary capacity in a bank which is a qualified United States financial institution. The reinsurance intermediary manager may retain no more than 3 months’ estimated claims payments and allocated loss adjustment expenses. The reinsurance intermediary manager shall maintain a separate bank account for each reinsurer which it represents.
(d) For at least 10 years after expiration of each contract of reinsurance transacted by the reinsurance intermediary manager, the reinsurance intermediary manager must keep a complete record of each transaction, showing:
1. The type of contract, limits, underwriting restrictions, classes or risks, and territory;
2. The period of coverage, including effective and expiration dates, cancellation provisions and notice required of cancellation, and disposition of outstanding reserves on covered risks;
3. The reporting and settlement requirements of balances;
4. The rate used to compute the reinsurance premium;
5. The names and addresses of reinsurers;
6. The rates of all reinsurance commissions, including the commissions on any retrocessions handled by the reinsurance intermediary manager;
7. Related correspondence and memoranda;
8. Proof of placement;
9. Details regarding retrocessions handled by the reinsurance intermediary manager, as permitted by this section, including the identity of retrocessionaires and the percentage of each contract assumed or ceded;
10. Financial records, including, but not limited to, premium and loss accounts; and
11. If the reinsurance intermediary manager places a reinsurance contract on behalf of a ceding insurer:
a. Directly from any assuming reinsurer, written evidence that the assuming reinsurer has agreed to assume the risk; or
b. If such contract is placed through a representative of the assuming reinsurer, other than an employee, written evidence that such reinsurer has delegated binding authority to the representative.
(e) The reinsurer shall have access to and the right to copy all accounts and records maintained by the reinsurance intermediary manager related to its business in a form usable by the reinsurer.
(f) The contract cannot be assigned in whole or in part by the reinsurance intermediary manager.
(g) The reinsurance intermediary manager will comply with the written underwriting and rating standards established by the insurer for the acceptance, rejection, or cession of all risks.
(h) Sets forth the rates, terms, and purposes of commissions, charges, and other fees which the reinsurance intermediary manager may levy against the reinsurer.
(i) If the contract permits the reinsurance intermediary manager to settle claims on behalf of the reinsurer:
1. All claims will be reported to the reinsurer in a timely manner.
2. A copy of the claim file will be sent to the reinsurer at its request or as soon as it becomes known that the claim:
a. Has the potential to exceed the lesser of an amount determined by the department or the limit set by the reinsurer;
b. Involves a coverage dispute;
c. May exceed the reinsurance intermediary manager’s claims settlement authority;
d. Is open for more than 6 months; or
e. Is closed by payment of the lesser of an amount set by the department or an amount set by the reinsurer.
3. All claim files will be the joint property of the reinsurer and reinsurance intermediary manager provided that upon an order of liquidation of the reinsurer, the files shall become the sole property of the reinsurer or its estate; provided, further, that the reinsurance intermediary manager must have reasonable access to and the right to copy the files on a timely basis.
4. Any settlement authority granted to the reinsurance intermediary manager may be terminated for cause upon the reinsurer’s written notice to the reinsurance intermediary manager or upon the termination of the contract. The reinsurer may suspend the settlement authority during the pendency of the dispute regarding the cause of termination.
(j) If the contract provides for a sharing of interim profits by the reinsurance intermediary manager, that the interim profits will not be paid until 1 year after the end of each underwriting period for property business and 5 years after the end of each underwriting period for casualty business, or a later period set by the department for specified lines of insurance, and not until the adequacy of reserves on remaining claims has been verified pursuant to this section.
(k) The reinsurance intermediary manager must annually provide the reinsurer with a statement of its financial condition prepared by an independent certified accountant.
(l) The reinsurer must at least semiannually conduct an onsite review of the underwriting and claims processing operations of the reinsurance intermediary manager.
(m) The reinsurance intermediary manager must disclose to the reinsurer any relationship it has with any insurer prior to ceding or assuming any business with the insurer pursuant to this contract.
(n) Within the scope of its actual or apparent authority, the acts of the reinsurance intermediary manager shall be deemed to be the acts of the reinsurer on whose behalf it is acting.
(8) PROHIBITED ACTS.The reinsurance intermediary manager shall not:
(a) Cede retrocessions on behalf of the reinsurer, except that the reinsurance intermediary manager may cede facultative retrocessions pursuant to obligatory facultative agreements if the contract with the reinsurer contains reinsurance underwriting guidelines for the retrocessions. The guidelines must include a list of reinsurers with which the automatic agreements are in effect, and for each of these reinsurers, the coverages and amounts or percentages that may be reinsured, and commission schedules.
(b) Commit the reinsurer to participate in reinsurance syndicates.
(c) Appoint any producer without assuring that the producer is lawfully licensed to transact the type of reinsurance for which he or she is appointed.
(d) Without prior approval of the reinsurer, pay or commit the reinsurer to pay a claim, net of retrocessions, that exceeds the lesser of an amount specified by the reinsurer or 1 percent of the reinsurer’s policyholder’s surplus as of December 31 of the last complete calendar year.
(e) Collect any payment from a retrocessionaire or commit the reinsurer to any claim settlement with a retrocessionaire, without prior approval of the reinsurer. If prior approval is given, a report must be promptly forwarded to the reinsurer.
(f) Jointly employ an individual who is employed by the reinsurer, unless such reinsurance intermediary manager is under common control with the reinsurer subject to ss. 628.801, 628.802, and 628.803.
(g) Appoint a sub-reinsurance intermediary manager.
(9) DUTIES OF REINSURERS USING THE SERVICES OF A REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY MANAGER.
(a) A reinsurer may not engage the services of any person to act as a reinsurance intermediary manager on its behalf unless the person is licensed as required by this section.
(b) The reinsurer must annually obtain a copy of statements of the financial condition of each reinsurance intermediary manager which the reinsurer has engaged prepared by an independent certified accountant in a form acceptable to the department.
(c) If a reinsurance intermediary manager establishes loss reserves, the reinsurer must annually obtain the opinion of an actuary attesting to the adequacy of loss reserves established for losses incurred and outstanding on business produced by the reinsurance intermediary manager. This opinion must be in addition to any other required loss reserve certification.
(d) Binding authority for all retrocessional contracts or participation in reinsurance syndicates must rest with an officer of the reinsurer who shall not be affiliated with the reinsurance intermediary manager.
(e) Within 30 days of termination of a contract with a reinsurance intermediary manager, the reinsurer must provide written notification of the termination to the department.
(f) A reinsurer shall not appoint to its board of directors any officer, director, employee, controlling shareholder, or subproducer of its reinsurance intermediary manager. This paragraph shall not apply to relationships governed by ss. 628.801, 628.802, and 628.803 or, if applicable, this section.
(10) EXAMINATION AUTHORITY.
(a) A reinsurance intermediary is subject to examination by the department. The department shall have access to all books, bank accounts, and records of the reinsurance intermediary in a form usable to the department.
(b) A reinsurance intermediary manager may be examined as if it were the reinsurer.
(11) PENALTIES AND LIABILITIES.
(a) A reinsurance intermediary found by the department, or an insurer or reinsurer found by the office, to be in violation of any provision of this section must:
1. For each separate violation pay a penalty in an amount not to exceed $5,000;
2. Be subject to revocation or suspension of its license; and
3. If a violation was committed by the reinsurance intermediary, the reinsurance intermediary must make restitution to the insurer, reinsurer, rehabilitator, or liquidator of the insurer or reinsurer for the net losses incurred by the insurer or reinsurer attributable to the violation.
(b) Nothing contained in this section shall affect the right of the office or department to impose any other penalties provided in the Florida Insurance Code.
(c) Nothing contained in this section is intended to or shall in any manner limit or restrict the rights of policyholders, claimants, creditors, or other third parties or confer any rights to these persons.
History.s. 41, ch. 92-146; s. 1, ch. 95-135; s. 256, ch. 97-102; s. 961, ch. 2003-261.
626.752 Exchange of business.
(1) As used in this section:
(a) “Brokering agent” means an originating general lines agent placing business with a company with which he or she is not appointed.
(b) “Prominently displayed” means that the printed matter is:
1. In at least 12-point type or type of the same size as any other entity name, whichever is larger;
2. In all capital letters or in boldfaced type;
3. In a typeface which is selected with legibility as the primary consideration; and
4. Printed with the name of the insurer at the top of the form with no artwork or printed matter preceding or above it.
(2) Subject to the provisions of subsection (3), an agent may place with an insurer for which he or she is not an appointed agent only such business for which he or she is appointed and which the insurer by which he or she is appointed is authorized to write.
(3)(a) An insurer may furnish to general lines agents who are not appointed by the insurer its forms, coverage documents, binders, applications, and other incidental supplies only for the purposes set forth in this section and only to the extent necessary to facilitate the writing of exchange of business pursuant to this section. The insurer shall assign a unique brokering agent’s register number to each agent not appointed with the insurer but furnished with the insurer’s forms, coverage documents, binders, applications, and other incidental supplies.
(b) Each form, coverage document, binder, and application shall contain the following legend prominently displayed which shall be properly and completely filled out by the agent when utilized: “BROKERING AGENT’S REGISTER NO. .”
(c) The following legend must immediately preface a line provided for the applicant’s signature on the application which shall be properly and completely filled out by the agent when utilized: “I understand this application is not a binder unless indicated as such on this form by the brokering agent.”
(d) When business is placed under subsection (2), the following legend must preface a line provided for the brokering agent’s signature which shall be properly and completely filled out by the agent when utilized: “This application is in compliance with Section 626.752, Florida Statutes. A copy has been furnished to the applicant or insured and coverage is: [ ] Bound effective   (time)  (date)  ; [ ] Not bound.”
(e) The brokering agent shall maintain an appropriate and permanent Brokering Agent’s Register, which must be a permanent record of chronologically numbered transactions that are entered no later than the day in which the brokering agent’s application bearing the same number is signed by the applicant. The numbers must reflect an annual aggregate through numerical sequence and be preceded by the last two digits of the current year. The initial entry must contain the number of the transaction, date, time, date of binder, date on which coverage commences, name and address of applicant, type of coverage desired, name of insurer binding the risk or to whom the application is to be submitted, and the amount of any premium collected therefor. By no later than the date following policy delivery, the policy number and coverage expiration date must be added to the register.
(f) Policies written in accordance with this section shall be properly countersigned in accordance with the provisions of s. 624.425.
(g)1. Any insurer furnishing forms, coverage documents, binders, applications, and incidental supplies to an agent not appointed with the insurer shall keep a log sufficient to identify the agent.
2. With respect to business placed under this section, if an agent collects a premium or other payment from an insured, the payment to the agent shall be deemed to constitute payment to the insurer.
3. The agent shall furnish the applicant or insured with completed legible copies of all documents signed by the applicant or the agent before the applicant pays any part of the premium. Such documents include, but are not limited to, applications, receipts, coverage selection forms, and outlines of coverage.
(h)1. No insurer shall furnish forms, coverage documents, binders, applications, and incidental supplies to an agent, for the purposes of this section, whether or not appointed with the insurer unless the name of the insurer is prominently displayed thereon.
2. No agent shall utilize a form, coverage documents, binder, or application which does not have prominently displayed on its face the insurer’s name.
3. No agent shall utilize a form, coverage document, binder, or application not furnished by the insurer or not furnished on behalf of the insurer by its managing general agent with respect to which the form, coverage document, binder, or application applies.
4. The agent shall not place any business pursuant to this section unless the agent has fully complied with all requirements of this section.
5. No insurer shall accept business from an agent not appointed with the insurer on a form, coverage document, binder, or application not furnished to the agent by the insurer.
6. No business shall be placed pursuant to subsection (2), using a form, coverage document, binder, or application containing the name of more than one insurer with check-off boxes or spaces in which the agent indicates the insurer with which coverage is bound or with respect to which premium is collected.
(i) No provision of this section shall be construed to limit the rights of any person afforded under s. 626.342.
(4) The foregoing limitations and restrictions shall not be construed and shall not apply to the placing of surplus lines business under the provisions of part VIII or to the activities of Citizens Property Insurance Corporation in placing new and renewal business with authorized insurers in accordance with s. 627.3518.
(5) Within 15 days after the last day of each month, any insurer accepting business under this section shall report to the department the name, address, telephone number, and social security number of each agent from which the insurer received more than four personal lines risks during the calendar year, except for risks being removed from the Citizens Property Insurance Corporation and placed with that insurer by a brokering agent. Once the insurer has reported pursuant to this subsection an agent’s name to the department, additional reports on the same agent shall not be required. However, the fee set forth in s. 624.501 must be paid for the agent by the insurer for each year until the insurer notifies the department that the insurer is no longer accepting business from the agent pursuant to this section. The insurer may require that the agent reimburse the insurer for the fee.
(6) If a managing general agent handles or an insurer accepts business under this section, relative to that business:
(a) The managing general agent or insurer shall be liable to the insured for coverage arising hereunder and for the acts of the agent in producing that business; and
(b) The managing general agent or insurer shall be responsible and accountable to the insured relating to violations of this section for misappropriation of funds by brokering agents as to business placed within the insurer’s approved underwriting guidelines and contracts.
(7) If an insurer accepts business in violation of this section, the insurer shall be liable for coverage arising thereunder.
History.s. 276, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 71-326; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 238, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 20, ch. 87-226; s. 1, ch. 88-104; ss. 90, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 4, ch. 95-276; s. 2, ch. 97-55; s. 257, ch. 97-102; s. 962, ch. 2003-261; s. 6, ch. 2004-374; s. 2, ch. 2013-60; s. 29, ch. 2018-102.
626.753 Sharing commissions; penalty.
(1)(a) An agent may divide or share in commissions only with other agents appointed and licensed to write the same kind or kinds of insurance, or may divide commissions with a customer representative.
(b) This section shall not be construed to prevent the payment or receipt of renewal commissions or other deferred commissions or pensions to or by any person solely because such person has ceased to hold a license to act as an insurance agent or customer representative, and shall not prevent the payment of renewal commissions or other deferred commissions to any incorporated insurance agency solely because any of its stockholders has ceased to hold a license to act as an insurance agent or customer representative.
(c) A customer representative may share in commissions with an agent.
(2) No such licensee shall share a commission with any corporation unless such corporation is an insurance agency.
(3) A general lines agent may share commissions derived from the sale of crop hail or multiple-peril crop insurance with a production credit association organized under 12 U.S.C.A. ss. 2071-2077 or a federal land bank association organized under U.S.C.A. ss. 2091-2098 if the association has specifically approved the insurance activity by its employees. The amount of commission to be shared shall be determined by the general lines agent and the company paying the commission.
(4) In addition to other penalties provided therefor, the license of any licensee violating or participating in the violation of this section shall be revoked.
History.s. 277, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 239, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 2, ch. 83-54; ss. 91, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 258, ch. 97-102; s. 85, ch. 2003-1; s. 49, ch. 2003-267; s. 42, ch. 2003-281; s. 7, ch. 2004-374; s. 11, ch. 2015-180.
626.754 Rights of agent following termination of appointment.
(1) Following the termination of his or her agency appointment as to an insurer, the agent may for the period herein provided continue to service, and receive from the insurer commissions or other compensation relative to, policies written by him or her for the insurer during the existence of the appointment. The agent may countersign all certificates or endorsements necessary to continue such policies to the expiration date thereof, including renewal option periods, and collect and remit premiums due thereon, but shall not otherwise, except with the consent of the insurer, change or modify the policy in any way nor increase the hazards insured against therein.
(2) This section does not apply as to agents of direct writing insurers or to agents and insurers between whom the relationship of employer and employee exists.
History.s. 278, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 240, 241, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 92, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 259, ch. 97-102.
PART III
LIFE INSURANCE AGENTS
626.776 Short title.
626.777 Scope of this part.
626.778 This part supplements licensing law.
626.779 “Life agent” defined.
626.780 “Life insurer” defined.
626.781 “Ordinary class insurer” and “ordinary-variable contract class insurer” defined.
626.782 “Industrial class insurer” defined.
626.783 “Ordinary-combination class insurer” defined.
626.784 Purpose of license.
626.7845 Prohibition against unlicensed transaction of life insurance.
626.785 Qualifications for license.
626.7851 Requirement as to knowledge, experience, or instruction.
626.788 United States Department of Veterans Affairs employees disqualified.
626.789 Military service; special provisions.
626.792 Nonresident agents; licensing and restrictions.
626.793 Excess or rejected business.
626.794 Unlawful payment or sharing of commissions.
626.795 Corporations, liability of agent.
626.796 Representing another insurer in same industrial debit territory.
626.797 Code of ethics.
626.798 Life agent as beneficiary; prohibition.
626.776 Short title.This part may be referred to in any legal proceedings as the “Life Agents Law.”
History.s. 281, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.777 Scope of this part.This part applies only to agents of life insurers, agents who are appointed by the same insurer as to both life insurance and health insurance, and agents who perform the functions of a viatical settlement broker as defined in s. 626.9911.
History.s. 280, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 242, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 93, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 12, ch. 2005-237.
626.778 This part supplements licensing law.This part is supplementary to part I, the “Licensing Procedures Law.”
History.s. 282, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.779 “Life agent” defined.For the purposes of this part, a “life agent” is as defined in s. 626.015.
History.s. 283, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 28, ch. 2002-206.
626.780 “Life insurer” defined.For the purposes of this part, a “life insurer” means an insurer writing life insurance, fixed-dollar annuity contracts, variable contracts, or any of such types of contracts.
History.s. 284, ch. 59-205; s. 8, ch. 61-441; s. 3, ch. 73-31; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.781 “Ordinary class insurer” and “ordinary-variable contract class insurer” defined.
(1) An “ordinary class insurer” is an insurer writing life insurance on the legal reserve plan, for amounts of $1,000 or more, with premiums payable on the annual, semiannual, quarterly, monthly, or weekly basis.
(2) An “ordinary-variable contract class insurer” is an insurer writing an ordinary class of insurance which insurer issues life insurance or annuity contracts providing for payments or values which vary directly according to investment experience.
History.s. 285, ch. 59-205; s. 18, ch. 61-441; s. 4, ch. 73-31; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.782 “Industrial class insurer” defined.An “industrial class insurer” is an insurer writing industrial life insurance, as defined in s. 627.502, and as to such insurance operates under a system of collecting a debit by its agent.
History.s. 286, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.783 “Ordinary-combination class insurer” defined.An “ordinary-combination class insurer” is an insurer writing both ordinary class insurance and industrial class insurance.
History.s. 287, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 243, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.784 Purpose of license.
(1) The purpose of a license issued under this code to a life agent is to authorize and enable the licensee actively and in good faith to engage in the insurance business as such an agent with respect to the general public and to facilitate the public supervision of such activities in the public interest, and not for the purpose of enabling the licensee to receive an unlawful rebate of premium in the form of commission or other compensation as an agent or enabling the licensee to receive commissions or other compensation based upon insurance solicited or procured by or through the licensee upon his or her own interests or upon those of other persons with whom he or she is closely associated in capacities other than as an insurance agent.
(2) The department shall not grant, renew, continue, or permit to exist any license or appointment of a life agent if it finds that such licensee or appointee obtained, or attempted to obtain, such license or appointment not for the purpose of holding himself or herself out to the general public as a life insurance agent but principally for the purpose of soliciting, negotiating, or procuring controlled business. As used in this section, “controlled business” means life insurance or annuity contracts covering himself or herself or family members; officers, directors, stockholders, partners, or employees of a business in which he or she or a family member is engaged; or the debtors of a firm, association, or corporation of which he or she is an officer, director, stockholder, partner, or employee.
(3) A violation of this section shall be deemed to exist, or be probable (as to an applicant for appointment), if the department finds that during a 12-month period the premium writings represented by such controlled business insurance contracts signed, issued, or sold by the licensee or appointee have been or, in the case of an applicant for appointment, probably will be under circumstances found by the department to exist, in excess of premium writings during the same period by the licensee or appointee or proposed licensee or appointee as represented by life insurance contracts to the general public other than the classes of persons classified as controlled business.
(4) This section shall not be deemed to prohibit the licensing and appointing of any person employed by or associated with a lending or financing institution or creditor, with respect to insurance only, under credit life or disability insurance policies which are subject to part IX of chapter 627, of borrowers from such institution.
History.s. 288, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 61-360; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 244(1st), 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 94, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 260, ch. 97-102.
626.7845 Prohibition against unlicensed transaction of life insurance.
(1) An individual may not solicit or sell variable life insurance, variable annuity contracts, or any other indeterminate value or variable contract as defined in s. 627.8015 unless the individual has successfully completed a licensure examination relating to variable contracts authorized and approved by the department.
(2) Except as provided in s. 626.112(6), with respect to any line of authority specified in s. 626.015(12), an individual may not, unless licensed as a life agent:
(a) Solicit insurance or annuities or procure applications;
(b) In this state, engage or hold himself or herself out as engaging in the business of analyzing or abstracting insurance policies or of counseling or advising or giving opinions to persons relative to insurance or insurance contracts, unless the individual is:
1. A consulting actuary advising insurers;
2. An employee of a labor union, association, employer, or other business entity, or the subsidiaries and affiliates of each, who counsels and advises such entity or entities relative to their interests and those of their members or employees under insurance benefit plans; or
3. A trustee advising a settlor, a beneficiary, or a person regarding his or her interests in a trust, relative to insurance benefit plans; or
(c) In this state, from this state, or with a resident of this state, offer or attempt to negotiate on behalf of another person a viatical settlement contract as defined in s. 626.9911.
History.s. 29, ch. 2002-206; s. 963, ch. 2003-261; s. 112, ch. 2004-5; s. 13, ch. 2005-237; s. 22, ch. 2014-123; s. 28, ch. 2017-175.
626.785 Qualifications for license.
(1) The department shall not grant or issue a license as life agent to any individual found by it to be untrustworthy or incompetent, or who does not meet the following qualifications:
(a) Must be a natural person of at least 18 years of age.
(b) Must be a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and a bona fide resident of this state.
(c) Must not be an employee of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or state service office, as referred to in s. 626.788.
(d) Must not be a funeral director or direct disposer, or an employee or representative thereof, or have an office in, or in connection with, a funeral establishment, except that a funeral establishment may contract with a life insurance agent to sell a preneed contract as defined in s. 497.005. Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter, such insurance agent may sell limited policies of insurance covering the expense of final disposition or burial of an insured in the amount of $21,000, plus an annual percentage increase based on the Annual Consumer Price Index compiled by the United States Department of Labor, beginning with the Annual Consumer Price Index announced by the United States Department of Labor for the year 2016.
(e) Must take and pass any examination for license required under s. 626.221.
(f) Must be qualified as to knowledge, experience, or instruction in the business of insurance and meet the requirements relative thereto provided in s. 626.7851.
(2) An individual who is a bona fide resident of this state shall be deemed to meet the residence requirement of paragraph (1)(b), notwithstanding the existence at the time of application for license of a license in his or her name on the records of another state as a resident licensee of such other state, if the applicant furnishes a letter of clearance satisfactory to the department that the resident licenses have been canceled or changed to a nonresident basis and that he or she is in good standing.
(3) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, a funeral director, a direct disposer, or an employee of a funeral establishment that holds a certificate of authority pursuant to s. 497.452 may obtain an agent’s license to sell only policies of life insurance covering the expense of a prearrangement for funeral services or merchandise so as to provide funds at the time the services and merchandise are needed. The face amount of insurance covered by any such policy shall not exceed $21,000, plus an annual percentage increase based on the Annual Consumer Price Index compiled by the United States Department of Labor, beginning with the Annual Consumer Price Index announced by the United States Department of Labor for 2016.
History.s. 289, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-116; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 245(1st), 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 1, ch. 84-196; s. 4, ch. 85-67; s. 1, ch. 86-246; s. 20, ch. 88-166; ss. 95, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 30, ch. 93-268; s. 115, ch. 93-399; s. 261, ch. 97-102; s. 30, ch. 2002-206; s. 50, ch. 2003-267; s. 43, ch. 2003-281; s. 113, ch. 2004-5; s. 147, ch. 2004-301; s. 52, ch. 2005-155; s. 2, ch. 2016-202.
626.7851 Requirement as to knowledge, experience, or instruction.An applicant for a license as a life agent, except for a chartered life underwriter (CLU), shall not be qualified or licensed unless within the 4 years immediately preceding the date the application for a license is filed with the department he or she has:
(1) Successfully completed 40 hours of coursework in life insurance, annuities, and variable contracts approved by the department, 3 hours of which shall be on the subject matter of ethics. Courses must include instruction on the subject matter of unauthorized entities engaging in the business of insurance;
(2) Successfully completed a minimum of 60 hours of coursework in multiple areas of insurance, which included life insurance, annuities, and variable contracts, approved by the department, 3 hours of which shall be on the subject matter of ethics. Courses must include instruction on the subject matter of unauthorized entities engaging in the business of insurance;
(3) Earned or maintained an active designation as Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) from the American College of Financial Services; or Fellow, Life Management Institute (FLMI) from the Life Management Institute;
(4) Held an active license in life insurance in another state. This provision may not be used unless the other state grants reciprocal treatment to licensees formerly licensed in the state; or
(5) Been employed by the department or office for at least 1 year, full time in life insurance regulatory matters and who was not terminated for cause, and application for examination is made within 4 years after the date of termination of his or her employment with the department or office.

Prelicensure coursework is not required for an applicant who is a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces or the spouse of such a member or veteran. A qualified individual must provide a copy of a military identification card, military dependent identification card, military service record, military personnel file, veteran record, discharge paper, or separation document that indicates such member is currently in good standing or such veteran is honorably discharged.

History.ss. 244(2nd), 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 96, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 21, ch. 92-146; s. 262, ch. 97-102; s. 31, ch. 2002-206; s. 964, ch. 2003-261; s. 51, ch. 2003-267; s. 44, ch. 2003-281; s. 2(2nd), ch. 2007-199; s. 12, ch. 2015-180; s. 43, ch. 2018-7.
626.788 United States Department of Veterans Affairs employees disqualified.No person employed by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or state service office shall be licensed as a life agent. The license of any person who accepts such employment shall automatically terminate when the employment commences.
History.s. 292, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 31, ch. 93-268.
626.789 Military service; special provisions.Any person who obtains a license and appointment as a life agent who is in the Armed Forces of the United States shall maintain records, claim, and information facilities at a location readily accessible to the public at a location not attached to or on any military installation. Any such agent may not sell any insurance policies, contracts, or certificates to any active duty military person or the family of such person if the buyer or proposed insured is of a lower rank or pay grade.
History.s. 293, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 246, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 1, ch. 85-67; ss. 97, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.792 Nonresident agents; licensing and restrictions.
(1) The department, upon written application and payment of the fees specified in s. 624.501, may issue a license as a nonresident life agent to an individual not resident of this state, upon compliance with the applicable provisions of this code, if that individual’s home state or province of Canada will accord the same privilege to a resident of this state.
(2) The department may enter into reciprocal agreements with the appropriate official of any other state or province of Canada waiving the written examination of any applicant resident in such other state or province if, in that other state or province, a resident of this state is privileged to procure a life insurance agent’s license upon the foregoing conditions and without discrimination as to fees or otherwise in favor of the residents of such other state or province and:
(a) A written examination, substantially equivalent to the examination required by this state, is required of an applicant for a life insurance agent’s license in such other state or province.
(b) The appropriate official of the other state or province certifies that the applicant holds a currently valid license as a life insurance agent in such other state or province and satisfies the examination requirement under s. 626.221 or is exempt under such section.
(3) If the laws of another state or province of Canada require the sharing of commissions with resident agents of that state or province on applications for life insurance, or for life insurance including health insurance, written by nonresident agents, then the same provisions shall apply when resident agents of that state or province, licensed as nonresident agents of this state, write applications for insurance on residents of this state.
(4) The department shall not issue a nonresident life insurance agent’s license to any nonresident who at the time of issuance and throughout the existence of the Florida license does not hold a resident license as life agent issued by the nonresident’s state or province of Canada.
(5) The licensee shall, throughout the existence of the Florida nonresident life license and appointment, hold a license as a resident life agent in his or her state of residence. The authority of the nonresident license is limited to the specific lines of authority granted in the license issued by the agent’s state of residence and further limited to the specific lines authorized under the nonresident license issued by this state.
(6) Any individual who holds a Florida nonresident agent’s license, upon becoming a resident of this state may, for a period not to exceed 90 days, continue to transact insurance in this state under the nonresident license and appointment. Such individual must make application for resident licensure and must become licensed as a resident agent within 90 days after becoming a resident of this state.
(7) Upon becoming a resident of this state, an individual who holds a Florida nonresident agent’s license is no longer eligible for licensure as a nonresident agent if such individual fails to make application for a resident license and become licensed as a resident agent within 90 days. His or her license and any appointments shall be canceled immediately. He or she may apply for a resident license pursuant to s. 626.785.
(8) If available, the department shall verify the nonresident applicant’s licensing status through the Producer Database maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, its affiliates or subsidiaries.
History.s. 296, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 63-20; s. 2, ch. 67-91; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 252, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 22, ch. 88-166; ss. 100, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 265, ch. 97-102; s. 42, ch. 98-199; s. 41, ch. 99-7; s. 14, ch. 2001-142; s. 33, ch. 2002-206; s. 8, ch. 2004-374.
626.793 Excess or rejected business.
(1) A licensed life agent may place excess or rejected risks within the class of business for which he or she is licensed and appointed, and which the insurer appointing him or her is authorized to transact, with any other authorized insurer without being required to secure an appointment as to such other insurer.
(2) “Excess business” is that portion of a risk above the limits of that which the agent’s own insurer will accept.
(3) “Rejected business” is a risk that the agent’s own insurer is authorized to write but rejects for underwriting reasons, or is willing to accept only on a substandard basis; but which business will be accepted and issued by another authorized insurer at a lower rate.
(4) Within 15 days after the last day of each month, any insurer accepting business under this section shall report to the department the name, address, telephone number, and social security number of each agent from which the insurer received more than four risks during the calendar year. Once the insurer has reported an agent’s name to the department pursuant to this subsection, additional reports on the same agent shall not be required. However, the fee set forth in s. 624.501 must be paid for the agent by the insurer for each year until the insurer notifies the department that the insurer is no longer accepting business from the agent pursuant to this section. The insurer may require that the agent reimburse the insurer for the fee.
(5) If a managing general agent handles or an insurer accepts business under this section, relative to that business:
(a) The insurer shall be liable to the insured for coverage arising hereunder and for the acts of the agent in producing their business; and
(b) The managing general agent or insurer shall be responsible and accountable for any violation of this code by the producing agent, and the violation shall be deemed to be a violation of the code by the managing general agent or insurer if the managing general agent or insurer knew of or encouraged, aided, or abetted in the agent’s violation.
History.s. 297, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 253, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 101, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 266, ch. 97-102; s. 30, ch. 2018-102.
626.794 Unlawful payment or sharing of commissions.
(1) No life insurer or licensed life agent shall pay directly or indirectly any commission or other valuable consideration to any person for services as a life insurance agent within this state, unless such person holds a currently valid license and appointment to act as a life insurance agent as required by the laws of this state; except that a life insurer may pay such commission or other valuable consideration to, and a licensed and appointed life insurance agent may share any commission or other valuable consideration with, an incorporated insurance agency in which all employees, stockholders, directors, or officers who solicit, negotiate, or effectuate life insurance contracts are qualified life insurance agents holding currently valid licenses and appointments.
(2) No person other than a licensed and appointed life agent shall accept any such commission or other valuable consideration, except as provided in subsection (1).
(3) This section shall not prevent the payment or receipt of renewal or other deferred commissions or pensions to or by any person solely because such person has ceased to hold a license or appointment to act as a life insurance agent and shall not prevent the payment of renewal or other deferred commissions to any incorporated insurance agency solely because any of its stockholders has ceased to hold a license or appointment to act as a life insurance agent.
History.s. 298, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 63-381; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 254, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 102, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.795 Corporations, liability of agent.Any life insurance agent who is an officer, director, or stockholder of an incorporated life insurance agency shall remain personally and fully liable and accountable for any wrongful acts, misconduct, or violations of any provisions of this code committed by such licensee or by any person under his or her direct supervision and control while acting on behalf of the corporation. Nothing in this section shall be construed to render any person criminally liable or subject to any disciplinary proceedings for any act unless such person personally committed or knew or should have known of such act and of the facts constituting a violation of this chapter.
History.s. 5, ch. 63-20; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 103, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 267, ch. 97-102.
626.796 Representing another insurer in same industrial debit territory.
(1) No insurer shall employ or appoint to sell weekly premium or industrial insurance in a given debit territory any agent who has within the preceding 6 months sold insurance for another insurer in the same or any part of the same debit territory, unless prior to employment the written approval of the previous insurer is obtained.
(2) This section shall not be construed as preventing such an individual from representing another insurer in a different debit territory.
History.s. 299, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 255, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 104, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.797 Code of ethics.
(1) The department shall, after consultation with the Florida Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors, adopt a code of ethics, or continue any such code heretofore so adopted, to govern the conduct of life agents in their relations with the public, other agents, and the insurers.
(2) The code of ethics shall apply standards of conduct designed to avoid the commission of acts or the existence of circumstances which would constitute grounds for suspension, revocation, or refusal of license under ss. 626.611 and 626.621 and to avoid the use of unfair trade practices and unfair methods of competition which would be in violation of any provision of part IX.
(3) All applicants for license as life agents shall subscribe to the code of ethics.
History.s. 300, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 256, 257, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 21, ch. 87-226; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 48, ch. 2001-63; s. 64, ch. 2003-267; s. 57, ch. 2003-281.
626.798 Life agent as beneficiary; prohibition.
(1) A life agent may not place or modify life insurance coverage with a life insurer covering the life of a person who is not a family member of the life agent when the life agent or a family member of the life agent is the named beneficiary under the life insurance policy, or the modification names the life agent or a family member of the life agent the named beneficiary, unless the life agent or family member of the life agent has an insurable interest in the life of such person.
(2) A life agent or a family member of the life agent may not serve as a trustee or guardian or accept authority to act under a power of attorney for any person the life agent conducts insurance business with, unless he or she is:
(a) A family member of the person or insured; or
(b)1. Acting as a fiduciary;
2. Licensed as a certified public accountant under s. 473.308; and
3.a. Registered under s. 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 as an investment adviser, or a representative thereof, and compliant with the notice filing requirements of s. 517.1201; or
b. Registered under s. 517.12, as a dealer, investment adviser, or associated person.
(3) For the purposes of this section:
(a) “Family member” means an individual who is related to the life agent as father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, uncle, aunt, first cousin, nephew, niece, husband, wife, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, stepfather, stepmother, stepson, stepdaughter, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, or half sister.
(b) “Insurable interest” means that the life agent or family member of the life agent has an actual, lawful, and substantial economic interest in the safety and preservation of the life of the insured or a reasonable expectation of benefit or advantage from the continued life of the insured.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 89-257; ss. 105, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 268, ch. 97-102; s. 49, ch. 2010-175; s. 31, ch. 2018-102.
PART IV
HEALTH INSURANCE AGENTS
626.826 Short title.
626.827 Scope of this part.
626.828 This part supplements licensing law.
626.829 “Health agent” defined.
626.830 Purpose of license.
626.8305 Prohibition against the unlicensed transaction of health insurance.
626.831 Qualifications for license.
626.8311 Requirement as to knowledge, experience, or instruction.
626.833 United States Department of Veterans Affairs employees disqualified.
626.834 Military service; special provisions.
626.835 Nonresident agents; licensing and restrictions.
626.836 Nonresident agents; service of process.
626.837 Excess or rejected business.
626.8373 Overinsurance of health insurance coverage.
626.838 Unlawful payment or sharing of commissions.
626.839 Corporations, liability of agent.
626.826 Short title.This part may be referred to in any legal proceedings as the “Health Agent Law.”
History.s. 302, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 258, 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.827 Scope of this part.
(1) This part applies only to agents of health insurers, which agents are not appointed as to the same insurer as to either life insurance or as to property, casualty, or surety insurance.
(2) Agents appointed as to the same insurer as to both life insurance and health insurance are deemed to be life agents and are not subject to this part, but are subject to part I (Licensing Procedures Law) and part III (Life Agents Law).
(3) Agents appointed as to the same insurer as to both health insurance and property or casualty or surety insurance are deemed as to be general lines agents and are not subject to this part, but are subject to part I (Licensing Procedures Law) and part II (General Lines Agent Law).
(4) All agents subject to this chapter are “health agents” as defined in s. 626.829.
History.s. 301, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 259, 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 44, ch. 83-215; ss. 106, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.828 This part supplements licensing law.This part is supplementary to part I, the “Licensing Procedures Law.”
History.s. 303, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.829 “Health agent” defined.
(1) A “health agent” is any person appointed as agent by an insurer to solicit applications for or to negotiate and effectuate contracts of health insurance, as such insurance is defined in s. 624.603.
(2) Any person who acts for an insurer, or on behalf of a licensed representative of an insurer, to solicit applications for or to negotiate and effectuate health insurance contracts, whether or not he or she is appointed as an agent, subagent, or canvasser or by any other title, shall be deemed to be a health agent and shall be qualified, licensed, and appointed as a health agent.
History.s. 304, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 260, 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 107, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 269, ch. 97-102; s. 86, ch. 2003-1; s. 52, ch. 2003-267; s. 45, ch. 2003-281.
626.830 Purpose of license.
(1) The purpose of a license issued under this code to a health agent is to authorize and enable the licensee actively and in good faith to engage in the insurance business as such an agent with respect to the general public and to facilitate the public supervision of such activities in the public interest, and not for the purpose of enabling the licensee to receive an unlawful rebate of premium in the form of commission or other compensation as an agent or enabling the licensee to receive commissions or other compensation based upon insurance solicited or procured by or through the licensee upon his or her own interests or upon those of other persons with whom he or she is closely associated in capacities other than as an insurance agent.
(2) The department shall not grant, renew, continue, or permit to exist any license or appointment as a health agent as to any applicant therefor or licensee or appointee thereunder if it finds that the license or appointment has been or is being or will be used by the applicant, licensee, or appointee not for the purpose of holding himself or herself out to the general public as a health agent, but principally for the purpose of soliciting, negotiating, handling or procuring “controlled business,” that is, health insurance covering himself or herself or family members; the officers, directors, stockholders, partners, employees, or debtors of a partnership, association, or corporation of which he or she or a family member is an officer, director, stockholder, partner, or employee; or members of an association of which he or she is a director, officer, or employee.
(3) A violation of this section shall be deemed to exist or be probable if the department finds that during a 12-month period the premium writings represented by such controlled business insurance contracts signed, countersigned, issued, or sold by the licensee have been, or in the case of an applicant for appointment, probably will be under circumstances found by the department to exist, in excess of premium writings during the same period by the appointee or proposed appointee as represented by health insurance contracts to the general public other than the classes of persons above classified as controlled business.
(4) This section shall not be deemed to prohibit the licensing and appointing of any person employed by or associated with a lending or financing institution, with respect to insurance only, under credit life or disability insurance policies of borrowers from such institution or creditor.
History.s. 305, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 261, 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 108, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 270, ch. 97-102.
626.8305 Prohibition against the unlicensed transaction of health insurance.Except as provided in s. 626.112(6), with respect to any line of authority specified in s. 626.015(8), an individual may not, unless licensed as a health agent:
(1) Solicit insurance or procure applications; or
(2) In this state, engage or hold himself or herself out as engaging in the business of analyzing or abstracting insurance policies or of counseling or advising or giving opinions to persons relative to insurance contracts, unless the individual is:
(a) A consulting actuary advising insurers;
(b) An employee of a labor union, association, employer, or other business entity, or the subsidiaries and affiliates of each, who counsels and advises such entity or entities relative to their interests and those of their members or employees under insurance benefit plans; or
(c) A trustee advising a settlor, a beneficiary, or a person regarding his or her interests in a trust, relative to insurance benefit plans.
History.s. 34, ch. 2002-206; s. 965, ch. 2003-261; s. 114, ch. 2004-5; s. 29, ch. 2017-175.
626.831 Qualifications for license.
(1) The department shall not grant or issue a license as health agent as to any individual found by it to be untrustworthy or incompetent, or who does not meet the following qualifications:
(a) Must be a natural person of at least 18 years of age.
(b) Must be a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and a bona fide resident of this state.
(c) Must not be an employee of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or state service office, as referred to in s. 626.833.
(d) Must take and pass any examination for license required under s. 626.221.
(e) Must be qualified as to knowledge, experience, or instruction in the business of insurance and meet the requirements relative thereto provided in s. 626.8311.
(2) An individual who is a bona fide resident of this state shall be deemed to meet the residence requirement of paragraph (1)(b), notwithstanding the existence at the time of application for license of a license in his or her name on the records of another state as a resident licensee of such other state, if the applicant furnishes a letter of clearance satisfactory to the department that the resident licenses have been canceled or changed to a nonresident basis and that he or she is in good standing.
History.s. 306, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-116; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 262(1st), 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 5, ch. 85-67; s. 23, ch. 88-166; ss. 109, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 32, ch. 93-268; s. 271, ch. 97-102; s. 53, ch. 2003-267; s. 46, ch. 2003-281; s. 115, ch. 2004-5.
626.8311 Requirement as to knowledge, experience, or instruction.An applicant for a license as a health agent, except for a chartered life underwriter (CLU), shall not be qualified or licensed unless within the 4 years immediately preceding the date the application for license is filed with the department he or she has:
(1) Successfully completed 40 hours of coursework in health insurance, approved by the department, 3 hours of which shall be on the subject matter of ethics. Courses must include instruction on the subject matter of unauthorized entities engaging in the business of insurance, to include the Florida Nonprofit Multiple-Employer Welfare Arrangement Act and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, 29 U.S.C. ss. 1001 et seq., as it relates to the provision of health insurance by employers to their employees and the regulation thereof;
(2) Successfully completed a minimum of 60 hours of coursework in multiple areas of insurance, which included health insurance, approved by the department, 3 hours of which shall be on the subject matter of ethics. Courses must include instruction on the subject matter of unauthorized entities engaging in the business of insurance;
(3) Earned or maintained an active designation as a Registered Health Underwriter (RHU), Chartered Healthcare Consultant (ChHC), or Registered Employee Benefits Consultant (REBC) from the American College of Financial Services; Certified Employee Benefit Specialist (CEBS) from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania; or Health Insurance Associate (HIA) from America’s Health Insurance Plans;
(4) Held an active license in health insurance in another state. This provision may not be utilized unless the other state grants reciprocal treatment to licensees formerly licensed in Florida; or
(5) Been employed by the department or office for at least 1 year, full time in health insurance regulatory matters and who was not terminated for cause, and application for examination is made within 4 years after the date of termination of his or her employment with the department or office.

Prelicensure coursework is not required for an applicant who is a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces or the spouse of such a member or veteran. A qualified individual must provide a copy of a military identification card, military dependent identification card, military service record, military personnel file, veteran record, discharge paper, or separation document that indicates such member is currently in good standing or such veteran is honorably discharged.

History.ss. 110, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 22, ch. 92-146; s. 272, ch. 97-102; s. 35, ch. 2002-206; s. 966, ch. 2003-261; s. 54, ch. 2003-267; s. 47, ch. 2003-281; s. 3, ch. 2007-199; s. 13, ch. 2015-180; s. 44, ch. 2018-7.
626.833 United States Department of Veterans Affairs employees disqualified.No person employed by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or the Department of Veterans’ Affairs shall be licensed as a health agent. The license of any person who accepts such employment will automatically terminate when the employment commences.
History.s. 308, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 264, 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 20, ch. 84-114; s. 29, ch. 88-290; ss. 111, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 33, ch. 93-268.
626.834 Military service; special provisions.Any person who obtains a license and appointment as a health agent who is in the Armed Forces of the United States shall maintain records, claim, and information facilities at a location readily accessible to the public at a location not attached to or on any military installation. Any such agent may not sell any insurance policies, contracts, or certificates to any active duty military person or the family of such person if the buyer or proposed insured is of a lower rank or pay grade.
History.s. 309, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 262(2nd), 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 2, ch. 85-67; ss. 112, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.835 Nonresident agents; licensing and restrictions.
(1) The department, upon written application and payment of the fees specified in s. 624.501, may issue a license as a nonresident health agent to an individual not a resident of this state, if the state or province of Canada of such individual’s residence will accord the same privilege to a resident of this state.
(2) The department may enter into reciprocal agreements with the appropriate official of any other state or province of Canada waiving the written examination of any applicant resident in such other state or province if, in such other state or province, a resident of this state is privileged to procure a health insurance agent’s license upon the foregoing conditions and without discrimination as to fees or otherwise in favor of the residents of such other state or province and:
(a) A written examination, substantially equivalent to the examination required by this state, is required of an applicant for a health insurance agent’s license in such other state or province.
(b) The appropriate official of the other state or province certifies that the applicant holds a currently valid license as a health insurance agent in such other state or province and satisfied the examination requirements under s. 626.221 or is exempt under such section.
(3) If the laws of another state or province of Canada require the sharing of commissions with resident agents of that state or province on applications for health insurance written by nonresident agents, then the same provisions shall apply when resident agents of that state or province, licensed as nonresident agents of this state, write applications for insurance on residents of this state.
(4) The department shall not issue a nonresident health insurance agent’s license to any nonresident who at the time of issuance and throughout the existence of the Florida license does not hold a resident license as health agent issued by the nonresident’s state or province of Canada.
(5) The licensee shall, throughout the existence of his or her Florida nonresident health license and appointment, hold a license as a resident health agent in his or her state of residence. The authority of the nonresident license is limited to the specific lines of authority granted in the license issued by the agent’s state of residence and further limited to the specific lines authorized under the nonresident license issued by this state.
(6) Any individual who holds a Florida nonresident agent’s license, upon becoming a resident of this state may, for a period not to exceed 90 days, continue to transact insurance in this state under the nonresident license and appointment. Such individual must make application for resident licensure and must become licensed as a resident agent within 90 days of becoming a resident of this state.
(7) Upon becoming a resident of this state, an individual who holds a Florida nonresident agent’s license is no longer eligible for licensure as a nonresident agent if such individual fails to make application for a resident license and become licensed as a resident agent within 90 days. His or her license and any appointments shall be canceled immediately. The individual may apply for a resident license pursuant to s. 626.831.
(8) If available, the department shall verify the producer’s licensing status through the Producer Database maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, its affiliates or subsidiaries.
History.s. 310, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 263(2nd), 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 89, ch. 83-216; s. 24, ch. 88-166; ss. 113, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 273, ch. 97-102; s. 43, ch. 98-199; s. 15, ch. 2001-142; s. 36, ch. 2002-206; s. 9, ch. 2004-374.
626.836 Nonresident agents; service of process.The provisions of s. 626.742 also apply as to nonresident health insurance agents licensed by the department.
History.s. 311, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 267, 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.837 Excess or rejected business.
(1) A licensed health agent may place excess or rejected risks within the class of business for which he or she is licensed and appointed, and which the insurer appointing the agent is authorized to transact, with any other authorized insurer without being required to secure an appointment as to such other insurer, but subject to the agent’s agreement with the insurer appointing him or her.
(2) “Excess business” is that portion of a risk above the limits of that which the agent’s own insurer will accept.
(3) “Rejected business” is a risk that the agent’s own insurer is authorized to write but rejects for underwriting reasons, or is willing to accept only on a substandard basis; but which business will be accepted and issued by another authorized insurer at a lower rate.
(4) This section shall be construed to permit an agent properly licensed and appointed by the department to broker business with another licensed and appointed agent in this state when:
(a) Both agents are licensed and appointed for the class of business involved;
(b) The agent to whom the risk is brokered is appointed by the issuing insurer;
(c) The brokerage arrangement is desired; and
(d) The brokerage arrangement is in the best interest of the insured.
(5) Within 15 days after the last day of each month, any insurer accepting business under this section shall report to the department the name, address, telephone number, and social security number of each agent from which the insurer received more than four risks during the calendar year. Once the insurer has reported pursuant to this subsection an agent’s name to the department, additional reports on the same agent shall not be required. However, the fee set forth in s. 624.501 must be paid for the agent by the insurer for each year until the insurer notifies the department that the insurer is no longer accepting business from the agent pursuant to this section. The insurer may require that the agent reimburse the insurer for the fee.
(6) If a managing general agent handles or an insurer accepts business under this section, relative to that business:
(a) The insurer shall be liable to the insured for coverage arising hereunder and for the acts of the agent in producing their business; and
(b) The managing general agent or insurer shall be responsible and accountable for any violation of this code by the producing agent, and the violation shall be deemed to be a violation of the code by the managing general agent or insurer if the managing general agent or insurer knew of or encouraged, aided, or abetted in the agent’s violation.
History.s. 312, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 268, 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 114, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 23, ch. 92-146; s. 274, ch. 97-102; s. 44, ch. 98-199; s. 32, ch. 2018-102.
626.8373 Overinsurance of health insurance coverage.
(1) With respect to the solicitation and sale of health insurance, continuing care contracts pursuant to chapter 651, health maintenance contracts pursuant to part II of chapter 641, or Medicare supplement insurance, an agent shall ask each person solicited whether he or she is currently covered under a health insurance policy, continuing care contract, health maintenance, or Medicare supplement insurance policy. The agent shall explain to each person the extent to which the proposed coverage will overlap or duplicate the existing coverage after considering any applicable coordination of benefits provisions under the existing or proposed health coverage if the person solicited has a copy of his or her current policy for the agent to review or if the person’s current policy is with the same insurer as the proposed replacement policy.
(2) The department may by rule prescribe such acknowledgment and information forms as it deems necessary or advisable to protect consumers from uninformed buying of overlapping, duplicative, or significantly different coverages. The department may require agents or insurers to have such forms signed by applicants when an application is taken or before an application is processed, and to retain such forms thereafter in the agent’s and insurer’s files.
History.s. 59, ch. 89-360; ss. 115, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 24, ch. 92-146; s. 275, ch. 97-102.
626.838 Unlawful payment or sharing of commissions.
(1) No health insurer or licensed health agent shall pay directly or indirectly any commission or other valuable consideration to any person for services as a health insurance agent within this state, unless such person holds a currently valid license and appointment to act as a health insurance agent as required by the laws of this state; except that a health insurer may pay such commission or other valuable consideration to, and a licensed and appointed health insurance agent may share any commission or other valuable consideration with, an incorporated insurance agency in which all employees, stockholders, directors, or officers who solicit, negotiate, or effectuate health insurance contracts are qualified health insurance agents holding currently valid licenses and appointments.
(2) No person other than a licensed and appointed health agent shall accept any such commission or other valuable consideration, except as provided in subsection (1).
(3) This section shall not prevent the payment or receipt of renewal or other deferred commissions or pensions to or by any person solely because such person has ceased to hold a license or appointment to act as a health insurance agent and shall not prevent the payment of renewal or other deferred commissions to any incorporated insurance agency solely because any of its stockholders has ceased to hold a license or appointment to act as a health insurance agent.
History.s. 313, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 63-381; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 269(1st), 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 116, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.839 Corporations, liability of agent.Any health insurance agent who is an officer, director, or stockholder of an incorporated health insurance agency shall remain personally and fully liable and accountable for any wrongful acts, misconduct, or violations of any provisions of this code committed by such licensee or by any person under his or her direct supervision and control while acting on behalf of the corporation. Nothing in this section shall be construed to render any person criminally liable or subject to any disciplinary proceedings for any act unless such person personally committed or knew or should have known of such act and of the facts constituting a violation of this chapter.
History.s. 6, ch. 63-20; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 3, ch. 81-282; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 270(1st), 271, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 117, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 276, ch. 97-102.
PART V
TITLE INSURANCE AGENTS
626.841 Definitions.
626.8411 Application of Florida Insurance Code provisions to title insurance agents or agencies.
626.8412 License and appointments required.
626.8413 Title insurance agents; certain names prohibited.
626.8414 Qualifications for examination.
626.8417 Title insurance agent licensure; exemptions.
626.8418 Application for title insurance agency license.
626.8419 Appointment of title insurance agency.
626.84195 Confidentiality of information supplied by title insurance agencies and insurers.
626.842 Credit and character reports.
626.84201 Nonresident title insurance agents.
626.8421 Number of appointments permitted or required.
626.8423 Investigation of applicants for license or renewal or continuation.
626.8427 Number of applications for licensure required; exemption; effect of expiration of license.
626.843 Renewal, continuation, reinstatement, termination of title insurance agent’s appointment.
626.8433 Filing of reasons for terminating appointment of title insurance agent; confidential information.
626.8437 Grounds for denial, suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew license or appointment.
626.844 Grounds for discretionary refusal, suspension, or revocation of license or appointment.
626.8443 Duration of suspension or revocation.
626.8447 Effect of suspension or revocation upon other licensees, appointees.
626.845 Cancellation of license.
626.8453 Penalty for violation.
626.8457 Administrative fine in lieu of suspension or revocation of license or appointment.
626.846 Probation.
626.8463 Witnesses and evidence.
626.8467 Testimony compelled; immunity from prosecution.
626.847 Penalty for refusal to testify.
626.8473 Escrow; trust fund.
626.841 Definitions.The term:
(1) “Title insurance agent” means a person appointed in writing by a title insurer to issue and countersign commitments or policies of title insurance in its behalf.
(2) “Title insurance agency” means an insurance agency under which title insurance agents and other employees determine insurability in accordance with underwriting rules and standards prescribed by the title insurer represented by the agency, and issue and countersign commitments, endorsements, or policies of title insurance, on behalf of the appointing title insurer. The term does not include a title insurer.
History.ss. 575, 809(2nd), ch. 82-243; s. 79, ch. 82-386; s. 1, ch. 86-286; ss. 11, 114, ch. 92-318; s. 3, ch. 99-286.
Note.Former s. 627.7715.
626.8411 Application of Florida Insurance Code provisions to title insurance agents or agencies.
(1) The following provisions applicable to general lines agents or agencies also apply to title insurance agents or agencies:
(a) Section 626.734, relating to liability of certain agents.
(b) Section 626.0428(4)(a) and (b), relating to branch agencies.
(c) Section 626.749, relating to place of business in residence.
(d) Section 626.753, relating to sharing of commissions.
(e) Section 626.754, relating to rights of agent following termination of appointment.
(2) The following provisions of part I do not apply to title insurance agents or title insurance agencies:
(a) Section 626.112(7), relating to licensing of insurance agencies.
(b) Section 626.231, relating to eligibility for examination.
(c) Section 626.572, relating to rebating, when allowed.
(d) Section 626.172, relating to agent in full-time charge.
History.s. 12, ch. 92-318; s. 45, ch. 98-199; s. 4, ch. 99-286; s. 37, ch. 2002-206; s. 29, ch. 2005-257; s. 85, ch. 2006-1; s. 24, ch. 2012-209; s. 23, ch. 2014-123.
626.8412 License and appointments required.
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this part:
(a) Title insurance may be sold only by a licensed and appointed title insurance agent employed by a licensed and appointed title insurance agency or employed by a title insurer.
(b) A title insurance agent may not sell a title insurance policy issued by an insurer for which the agent does not hold a current appointment.
(2) Except as otherwise provided in this part, a person, other than a title insurance agency or an employee of a title insurance agency, may not perform any of the functions of a title insurance agency without a title insurance agency license.
History.s. 13, ch. 92-318; s. 5, ch. 2014-112.
626.8413 Title insurance agents; certain names prohibited.After October 1, 2014, a title insurance agent or title insurance agency may not adopt a name that contains the words “title insurance,” “title company,” “title guaranty,” or “title guarantee” unless such words are followed by the word “agent” or “agency” in the same size and type as the words preceding it. This section does not apply to a title insurer acting as an agent for another title insurer if both insurers hold active certificates of authority to transact title insurance business in this state and both are acting under the names designated on such certificates.
History.s. 1, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 6, ch. 2014-112.
626.8414 Qualifications for examination.The department must authorize any natural person to take the examination for the issuance of a license as a title insurance agent if the person meets all of the following qualifications:
(1) The applicant must be at least 18 years of age.
(2) The applicant must be a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and a bona fide resident of this state. A person meets the residency requirement of this subsection, notwithstanding the existence at the time of application for license of a license in the applicant’s name on the records of another state as a resident licensee of such other state, if the applicant furnishes a letter of clearance satisfactory to the department that the resident licenses have been canceled or changed to a nonresident basis and that the applicant is in good standing.
History.s. 14, ch. 92-318; s. 65, ch. 99-5; s. 81, ch. 2000-154; s. 55, ch. 2003-267; s. 48, ch. 2003-281; s. 116, ch. 2004-5.
626.8417 Title insurance agent licensure; exemptions.
(1) A person may not act as a title insurance agent until a valid title insurance agent’s license has been issued to that person by the department.
(2) An application for license as a title insurance agent shall be filed with the department on forms furnished by the department.
(3) The department may not grant or issue a license as a title insurance agent to an individual who is found by the department to be untrustworthy or incompetent, who does not meet the qualifications for examination specified in s. 626.8414, or who does not meet the following qualifications:
(a) Within the 4 years immediately preceding the date of the application for license, the applicant must have completed a 40-hour classroom course in title insurance, 3 hours of which are on the subject matter of ethics, as approved by the department, or must have had at least 12 months of experience in responsible title insurance duties, under the supervision of a licensed title insurance agent, title insurer, or attorney while working in the title insurance business as a substantially full-time, bona fide employee of a title insurance agency, title insurance agent, title insurer, or attorney who conducts real estate closing transactions and issues title insurance policies but who is exempt from licensure under subsection (4). If an applicant’s qualifications are based upon the periods of employment at responsible title insurance duties, the applicant must submit, with the license application, an affidavit of the applicant and of the employer affirming the period of such employment, that the employment was substantially full time, and giving a brief abstract of the nature of the duties performed by the applicant.
(b) The applicant must have passed any examination for licensure required under s. 626.221.
(4) Title insurers or attorneys duly admitted to practice law in this state and in good standing with The Florida Bar are exempt from the provisions of this chapter relating to title insurance licensing and appointment requirements.
(5) An insurer may designate a corporate officer of the insurer to occasionally issue and countersign binders, commitments, and policies of title insurance. The designated officer is exempt from the provisions of this chapter relating to title insurance licensing and appointment requirements while the officer is acting within the scope of the designation.
(6) If an attorney owns a corporation or other legal entity that is doing business as a title insurance agency, other than an entity engaged in the active practice of law, the agency must be licensed and appointed as a title insurance agent.
(7) Prelicensure coursework is not required for an applicant who is a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces or the spouse of such a member or veteran. A qualified individual must provide a copy of a military identification card, military dependent identification card, military service record, military personnel file, veteran record, discharge paper, or separation document that indicates such member is currently in good standing or such veteran is honorably discharged.
History.s. 5, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 4, ch. 89-305; s. 118, ch. 90-363; s. 184, ch. 91-108; ss. 15, 114, ch. 92-318; s. 46, ch. 98-199; s. 56, ch. 2003-267; s. 49, ch. 2003-281; s. 7, ch. 2014-112; s. 45, ch. 2018-7.
626.8418 Application for title insurance agency license.Before doing business in this state as a title insurance agency, the applicant must file with the department an application for a license as a title insurance agency, on forms furnished by the department, which includes all of the following:
(1) The name of each majority owner, partner, officer, and director of the title insurance agency.
(2) The residence address of each person required to be listed under subsection (1).
(3) The name of the title insurance agency and its principal business address.
(4) The location of each title insurance agency office and the name under which each agency office conducts or will conduct business.
(5) The name of each title insurance agent to be in full-time charge of a title insurance agency office and specification of which office.
(6) Such additional information as the department requires by rule to ascertain the trustworthiness and competence of persons required to be listed on the application and to ascertain that such persons meet the requirements of this code.
History.s. 16, ch. 92-318; s. 47, ch. 98-199; s. 8, ch. 2014-112.
626.8419 Appointment of title insurance agency.
(1) The title insurer engaging or employing the title insurance agency must file with the department, on forms furnished by the department, an application certifying that the proposed title insurance agency meets all of the following requirements:
(a) The title insurance agency has obtained a fidelity bond in an amount of at least $50,000, acceptable to the insurer appointing the agency. If a fidelity bond is unavailable generally, the department shall adopt rules for alternative methods to comply with this paragraph.
(b) The title insurance agency must have obtained errors and omissions insurance in an amount acceptable to the insurer appointing the agency. The amount of the coverage must be at least $250,000 per claim and an aggregate limit with a deductible no greater than $10,000. If errors and omissions insurance is unavailable generally, the department shall adopt rules for alternative methods that comply with this paragraph.
(c) The title insurance agency must have obtained a surety bond in an amount of at least $35,000 made payable to the title insurer or title insurers appointing the agency. The surety bond must be for the benefit of any appointing title insurer damaged by a violation by the title insurance agency of its contract with the appointing title insurer. If the surety bond is payable to multiple title insurers, the surety bond must provide that each title insurer is to be notified if a claim is made upon the surety bond or the bond is terminated.
(d) The surety bond must remain in effect and unimpaired as long as the agency is appointed by a title insurer. The agency must provide written proof to the appointing title insurer or insurers on an annual basis evidencing that the surety bond is still in effect and unimpaired.
(e) A title insurer may not provide the surety bond directly or indirectly on behalf of the agency.
(2) This section does not exempt title insurance agents from the appointment requirements of part I.
History.s. 17, ch. 92-318; s. 25, ch. 2012-209; s. 9, ch. 2014-112.
626.84195 Confidentiality of information supplied by title insurance agencies and insurers.
(1) As used in this section, the term “proprietary business information” means information that:
(a) Is owned or controlled by a title insurance agency or insurer requesting confidentiality under this section;
(b) Is intended to be and is treated by the title insurance agency or insurer as private in that the disclosure of the information would cause harm to the business operations of the title insurance agency or insurer;
(c) Has not been publicly disclosed; and
(d) Concerns:
1. Business plans;
2. Internal auditing controls and reports of internal auditors;
3. Reports of external auditors for privately held companies;
4. Trade secrets, as defined in s. 688.002; or
5. Financial information, including revenue data, loss expense data, gross receipts, taxes paid, capital investment, and employee wages.
(2) Proprietary business information provided to the office by a title insurance agency or insurer is confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution until such information is otherwise publicly available or is no longer treated by the title insurance agency or insurer as proprietary business information. However, information provided by multiple title insurance agencies and insurers may be aggregated on an industrywide basis and disclosed to the public as long as the specific identities of the agencies or insurers are not revealed.
History.s. 1, ch. 2012-207; s. 1, ch. 2017-34.
626.842 Credit and character reports.
(1) As to each person appointed as title insurance agent for the first time in this state, the appointing insurer shall, coincidentally with such appointment, secure and thereafter keep on file a full, detailed credit and character report for the 5-year period immediately prior to the date of application for appointment, made by an established and reputable independent reporting service, relative to the individual, if a partnership or sole proprietorship, or the officers, if a corporation or other legal entity, unless otherwise expressly requested by the department.
(2) At the time the application is filed, the insurer shall furnish to the department, on a form furnished by the department, such information as the department may reasonably require relative to such title insurance agent and investigation.
(3) Information contained in credit or character reports furnished to the department under this section is confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1).
History.s. 6, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 119, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 6, ch. 93-80; s. 374, ch. 96-406.
626.84201 Nonresident title insurance agents.Notwithstanding s. 626.8414(2), the department, upon application and payment of the fees specified in s. 624.501, may issue a license as a nonresident title insurance agent to an individual not a resident of this state in the same manner applicable to the licensure of nonresident general lines agents under the provisions of s. 626.741, provided the individual passes the examination for licensure required under s. 626.221. Nonresident title insurance agents licensed pursuant to this section must complete the continuing education requirements of s. 626.2815 in the same manner as resident title insurance agents. Sections 626.742 and 626.743 apply to nonresident title insurance agents.
History.s. 30, ch. 2005-257; s. 1, ch. 2007-44.
626.8421 Number of appointments permitted or required.A title agent shall be required to have a separate appointment as to each insurer by which he or she is appointed as agent. As a part of each appointment there shall be a certified statement or affidavit of an appropriate officer or official of the appointing insurer stating that to the best of the insurer’s knowledge and belief the applicant, or its principals in the case of a corporation or other legal entity, has met the requirements of s. 626.8417.
History.s. 120, ch. 90-363; s. 277, ch. 97-102.
626.8423 Investigation of applicants for license or renewal or continuation.The department may propound reasonable interrogatories, in addition to those contained in the application, to any applicant for a title insurance agent’s license or appointment or for renewal or continuation of such a license or appointment relating to the applicant’s qualifications, residence, and prospective place of business and any other matter which the department considers necessary or advisable for the protection of the public and to ascertain the applicant’s qualifications. The department may, upon receipt of the application, make such further investigation as it considers advisable of the applicant’s character, experience, background, and fitness for the license.
History.s. 7, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 121, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318.
626.8427 Number of applications for licensure required; exemption; effect of expiration of license.
(1) After a license as a title insurance agent has been issued to a title insurance agent, the agent is not required to file another license application for a similar license, irrespective of the number of insurers to be represented by the agent, unless:
(a) The agent is specifically ordered by the department to complete a new application; or
(b) During any period of 48 months since the filing of the original license application, the agent was not appointed, unless in the case of individuals the failure to be so appointed was due to military service, in which event the period within which a new application is not required may, in the discretion of the department, be extended for 12 months following the date of discharge from military service if the military service does not exceed 3 years, but in no event shall the period be extended under this clause for a period of more than 6 years from the date of filing the original application.
(2) The department shall not charge a fee for filing an application for license with respect to any applicant for license who is exempted under this section from filing an application.
(3) Upon the expiration or termination of a title insurance agent’s appointment, the title insurance agent is without authority conferred by the license and shall not engage or attempt to engage in any activity requiring a title insurance agent’s license and appointment. The agent shall not again be granted an appointment until he or she fully qualifies therefor as provided in this chapter. An application shall be required in all cases for qualification of a new title insurance agent’s license when application is made after the expiration of 4 years from the date of the expiration or termination of the last appointment held by a licensee.
History.s. 9, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 122, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 278, ch. 97-102; s. 16, ch. 2001-142; s. 967, ch. 2003-261.
626.843 Renewal, continuation, reinstatement, termination of title insurance agent’s appointment.
(1) The appointment of a title insurance agent shall continue in force until suspended, revoked, or otherwise terminated, but subject to a renewed request filed by the insurer every 24 months after the original issue date of the appointment, accompanied by payment of the renewal appointment fee and taxes as prescribed in s. 624.501.
(2) Title insurance agent appointments shall be renewed pursuant to s. 626.381 for insurance representatives in general.
(3) The appointment issued shall remain in effect for so long as the appointment represented thereby continues in force as provided in this section.
History.s. 10, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 22, ch. 87-226; s. 6, ch. 89-305; s. 123, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 57, ch. 2003-267; s. 50, ch. 2003-281.
626.8433 Filing of reasons for terminating appointment of title insurance agent; confidential information.
(1) Any title insurer that is terminating the appointment of a title insurance agent, whether such termination is by direct action of the appointing title insurer or by failure to renew or continue the appointment as provided, shall file with the department a statement of the reasons, if any, for, and the facts relative to, such termination.
(2) In the case of a termination by failure to renew or continue the appointment, the information required under subsection (1) shall be filed with the department as soon as possible, and at all events within 30 days, after the date notice of intention not to renew or continue was filed with the department. In all other cases, the information required under subsection (1) shall be filed with the department at the time, or at all events within 10 days after, notice of the termination was filed with the department.
(3) Any information, document, record, or statement furnished to the department under subsection (1) is confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1).
History.s. 11, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 124, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 7, ch. 93-80; s. 375, ch. 96-406.
626.8437 Grounds for denial, suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew license or appointment.The department shall deny, suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew or continue the license or appointment of any title insurance agent or agency, and it shall suspend or revoke the eligibility to hold a license or appointment of such person, if it finds that as to the applicant, licensee, appointee, or any principal thereof, any one or more of the following grounds exist:
(1) Lack of one or more of the qualifications for the license or appointment as specified in ss. 626.8417, 626.8418, and 626.8419.
(2) Material misstatement, misrepresentation, or fraud in obtaining, or attempting to obtain, the license or appointment.
(3) Willful misrepresentation of any title insurance policy or commitment, or willful deception with regard to any such policy or commitment, done either in person or by any form of dissemination of information or advertising.
(4) Demonstrated lack of fitness or trustworthiness to represent a title insurer in the issuance of its commitments or policies of title insurance.
(5) Demonstrated lack of reasonably adequate knowledge and technical competence to engage in the transactions authorized by the license or appointment.
(6) Fraudulent or dishonest practices in the conduct of business under the license or appointment.
(7) Misappropriation, conversion, or unlawful withholding of moneys belonging to title insurers or insureds or others and received in conduct of business under the license or appointment.
(8) Unlawful rebating, or attempting to unlawfully rebate, or unlawfully dividing, or offering to unlawfully divide, title insurance premiums, fees, or charges with another, as prohibited by s. 626.9541(1)(h)3.
(9) Willful failure to comply with, or willful violation of, any proper order or rule of the department or willful violation of any provision of this act.
(10) The licensee if an individual, or the partners if a partnership, or owner if a sole proprietorship, or the officers if a corporation, having been found guilty of or having pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or a crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more under the law of the United States or of any state or under the law of any other country which involves moral turpitude, without regard to whether a judgment of conviction has been entered by the court having jurisdiction of such cases.
(11) Failure to timely submit data as required by s. 627.782.
History.s. 12, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 5, ch. 89-305; s. 125, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 48, ch. 98-199; s. 2, ch. 2012-206; s. 10, ch. 2014-112.
626.844 Grounds for discretionary refusal, suspension, or revocation of license or appointment.The department may, in its discretion, deny, suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew or continue the license or appointment of any title insurance agent or agency, and it may suspend or revoke the eligibility to hold a license or appointment of any such title insurance agent or agency if it finds that as to the applicant or licensee or appointee, or any principal thereof, any one or more of the following grounds exist under circumstances for which such denial, suspension, revocation, or refusal is not mandatory under s. 626.8437:
(1) Any cause for which issuance of the license or appointment could have been refused had it then existed and been known to the department.
(2) Violation of any provision of this act in the course of dealing under the license or appointment.
(3) Violation of any lawful order or rule of the department.
(4) Failure or refusal upon demand to pay over to any title insurer that the appointee represents or has represented any money coming into the hands of such appointee and belonging to the title insurer.
(5) Engaging in unfair methods of competition or in unfair or deceptive acts or practices in the conduct of business, as prohibited under part IX of this chapter, or having otherwise shown himself or herself to be a source of injury or loss to the public or to be detrimental to the public interest.
(6) The licensee if an individual, or the partners if a partnership, or owner if a sole proprietorship, or the officers if a corporation, having been found guilty of or having pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or a crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more under the law of the United States or of any state or under the law of any other country, without regard to whether a judgment of conviction has been entered by the court having jurisdiction of such cases.
History.s. 13, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 126, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 279, ch. 97-102; s. 49, ch. 98-199; s. 49, ch. 2001-63.
626.8443 Duration of suspension or revocation.
(1) The department shall, in its order suspending a title insurance agent’s or agency’s license or appointment or in its order suspending the eligibility of a person to hold or apply for such license or appointment, specify the period during which the suspension is to be in effect, but such period shall not exceed 1 year. The license, or appointment, or eligibility shall remain suspended during the period so specified, subject, however, to any rescission or modification of the order by the department, or modification or reversal thereof by the court, prior to expiration of the suspension period. A license, appointment, or eligibility which has been suspended may not be reinstated except upon request for such reinstatement, but the department shall not grant such reinstatement if it finds that the circumstance or circumstances for which the license, appointment, and eligibility was suspended still exist or are likely to recur.
(2) A licensee and appointee whose license has been revoked by the department does not have the right to apply for a new license or appointment for 2 years from the effective date of the revocation or, if judicial review of such revocation is sought, for 2 years from the date of the final court order or decree affirming the revocation. The department shall not, however, grant a new license or appointment or reinstate eligibility to hold such license or appointment if it finds that the circumstance or circumstances for which the previous license and appointment was revoked still exist or are likely to recur.
(3) If licenses of any person as a title insurance agent or agency have been revoked twice, the department shall not thereafter grant or issue a title insurance agent’s or agency’s license to such person.
(4) During the period of suspension or after revocation of the license and appointment, the former licensee shall not engage in or attempt to profess to engage in any transaction or business for which a license or appointment is required under this code or directly or indirectly own, control, or be employed in any manner by any insurance agent or agency or adjuster or adjusting firm.
History.s. 14, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 23, ch. 87-226; s. 127, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 50, ch. 98-199.
626.8447 Effect of suspension or revocation upon other licensees, appointees.In case of the suspension or revocation of the license and appointment of any title insurance agent, the licenses and appointments of all other title insurance agents who knowingly were parties to the act which formed the ground for such suspension or revocation may likewise be suspended or revoked for the same period as that of the offending title insurance agent, but such suspension or revocation shall not prevent any title insurance agent, except the one whose license and appointment was first suspended or revoked, from being issued an appointment for some other title insurer.
History.s. 15, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 128, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318.
626.845 Cancellation of license.All certificates of licenses issued under this act are at all times the property of the state; and, upon notice by the department to the licensee of a suspension, revocation, refusal to renew, failure to renew, or expiration of a license or appointment, or upon termination of the agency agreement between the appointee and insurer, such license and appointment will no longer be in force and effect.
History.s. 16, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 129, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318.
626.8453 Penalty for violation.A person who knowingly makes a false or otherwise fraudulent application for a license or appointment under this act, or who knowingly violates any provision of s. 624.5015, ss. 626.8417-626.847, or s. 627.791, in addition to any applicable denial, suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew or continue any license or appointment, commits a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. Each instance of violation shall be considered a separate offense.
History.s. 17, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 3, ch. 89-305; s. 130, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318.
626.8457 Administrative fine in lieu of suspension or revocation of license or appointment.
(1) If the department finds that one or more grounds exist for the suspension of, revocation of, or refusal to renew or continue any license or appointment issued under this act, the department may, in its discretion, in lieu of suspension, revocation, or refusal, and except on a second offense or when such suspension, revocation, or refusal is mandatory, impose upon the licensee or appointee an administrative penalty in the amount of $500 or, if the department has found willful misconduct or willful violation on the part of the licensee or appointee, in the amount of $2,500. The administrative penalty may, in the discretion of the department, be augmented by an amount equal to any commissions received by the licensee or appointee in connection with transactions as to which the grounds for suspension, revocation, or refusal related.
(2) The department may allow the licensee or appointee a reasonable period, not to exceed 30 days, within which to pay to the department the amount of the penalty so imposed. If the licensee or appointee fails to pay the penalty in its entirety to the department within the period allowed, the license and appointments of the licensee shall stand suspended or revoked or its renewal or continuation shall stand refused, as the case may be, upon expiration of such period and without any further proceeding.
History.s. 18, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 24, ch. 87-226; s. 131, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318.
626.846 Probation.
(1) If the department finds that one or more grounds exist for the suspension of, revocation of, or refusal to renew or continue any license or appointment issued under this act, the department may, except when an administrative fine is not permissible under s. 626.8457 or when such suspension, revocation, or refusal is mandatory, in lieu of such suspension, revocation, or refusal, or in connection with any administrative monetary penalty imposed under s. 626.8457, place the offending licensee or appointee on probation for a period not to exceed 2 years, as specified by the department in its order.
(2) As a condition to such probation or in connection therewith, the department may specify in its order reasonable terms and conditions to be fulfilled by the probationer during the probation period. If during the probation period the department has good cause to believe that the probationer has violated such terms and conditions, or any of them, it shall forthwith suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew or continue the license or appointment of the probationer, as upon the original ground or grounds referred to in subsection (1), by its order given to the licensee and title insurer without the necessity of further advance notice, hearing, or procedure.
History.s. 19, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 132, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318.
626.8463 Witnesses and evidence.
(1) As to the subject of any examination, investigation, or hearing being conducted by him or her under s. 624.5015, ss. 626.8417-626.847, or s. 627.791, an examiner appointed by the department or office may administer oaths, examine and cross-examine witnesses, and receive oral and documentary evidence and shall have the power to subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance and testimony, and require by subpoena the production of books, papers, records, files, correspondence, documents, or other evidence which the examiner deems relevant to the inquiry.
(2) Subpoenas shall be served, and proof of such service made, in the same manner as if issued by a circuit court. Witness fees and mileage, if claimed, shall be allowed the same as for testimony in a circuit court.
(3) If a person refuses to comply with any such subpoena or to testify as to any matter concerning which the person may be lawfully interrogated, the circuit court in and for Leon County, or the county in which such examination, investigation, or hearing is being conducted, or the county in which such person resides, upon application by the department or office, may issue an order requiring such person to comply with the subpoena and to testify. A person who fails to obey such an order of the court may be punished by the court for contempt.
(4) A person who willfully testifies falsely under oath as to any matter material to any such examination, investigation, or hearing is guilty of perjury and shall be punished accordingly.
History.s. 20, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 280, ch. 97-102; s. 968, ch. 2003-261.
626.8467 Testimony compelled; immunity from prosecution.
(1) If a person asks to be excused from attending or testifying or from producing any books, papers, records, contracts, documents, or other evidence in connection with any examination, hearing, or investigation being conducted under s. 624.5015, ss. 626.8417-626.847, or s. 627.791 by the department or office or its examiner on the ground that the testimony or evidence required of the person may tend to incriminate him or her or subject him or her to a penalty or forfeiture and notwithstanding is directed to give such testimony or produce such evidence, the person must, if so directed by the Department of Financial Services and the Department of Legal Affairs or by the office and the Department of Legal Affairs, nonetheless comply with such direction, but he or she shall not thereafter be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning which he or she may have so testified or produced evidence, and no testimony so given or evidence produced shall be received against the person upon any criminal action, investigation, or proceeding. However, a person so testifying shall not be exempt from prosecution or punishment for any perjury committed by him or her in such testimony, and the testimony or evidence so given or produced shall be admissible against him or her upon any criminal action, investigation, or proceeding concerning such perjury; and such person shall not be exempt from the refusal, suspension, or revocation of any license or appointment, permission, or authority conferred or to be conferred pursuant to s. 624.5015, ss. 626.8417-626.847, or s. 627.791.
(2) Any such person may execute, acknowledge, and file with the Department of Financial Services or the office, as appropriate, a statement expressly waiving such immunity or privilege with respect to any transaction, matter, or thing specified in the statement, and thereupon the testimony of such person or such evidence in relation to such transaction, matter, or thing may be received or produced before any judge or justice, court, tribunal, or grand jury or otherwise and, if so received or produced, such person shall not be entitled to any immunity or privilege on account of any testimony he or she may so give or evidence so produced.
History.s. 21, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 133, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 281, ch. 97-102; s. 969, ch. 2003-261.
626.847 Penalty for refusal to testify.A person who refuses or fails, without lawful cause, to testify relative to the affairs of any title insurer or other person when subpoenaed under s. 626.8463 and requested by the department or office to so testify is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree and, upon conviction, is punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.s. 22, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 154, ch. 91-224; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 970, ch. 2003-261.
626.8473 Escrow; trust fund.
(1) A title insurance agent may engage in business as an escrow agent as to funds received from others to be subsequently disbursed by the title insurance agent in connection with real estate closing transactions involving the issuance of title insurance binders, commitments, policies of title insurance, or guarantees of title, provided that a licensed and appointed title insurance agent complies with the requirements of s. 626.8417, including such requirements added after the initial licensure of the agent.
(2) All funds received by a title insurance agent as described in subsection (1) shall be trust funds received in a fiduciary capacity by the title insurance agent and shall be the property of the person or persons entitled thereto.
(3) All funds received by a title insurance agent to be held in trust shall be immediately placed in a financial institution that is located within this state and is a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund. These funds shall be invested in an escrow account in accordance with the investment requirements and standards established for deposits and investments of state funds in s. 17.57, where the funds shall be kept until disbursement thereof is properly authorized.
(4) Funds required to be maintained in escrow trust accounts pursuant to this section shall not be subject to any debts of the title insurance agent and shall be used only in accordance with the terms of the individual, escrow, settlement, or closing instructions under which the funds were accepted.
(5) The title insurance agents shall maintain separate records of all receipts and disbursements of escrow, settlement, or closing funds.
(6) In the event that the department promulgates rules necessary to implement the requirements of this section pursuant to s. 624.308, the department shall consider reasonable standards necessary for the protection of funds held in trust, including, but not limited to, standards for accounting of funds, standards for receipt and disbursement of funds, and protection for the person or persons to whom the funds are to be disbursed.
(7) A title insurance agent, or any officer, director, or employee thereof, or any person associated therewith as an independent contractor for bookkeeping or similar purposes, who converts or misappropriates funds received or held in escrow or in trust by such title insurance agent, or any person who knowingly receives or conspires to receive such funds, commits:
(a) If the funds converted or misappropriated are $300 or less, a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(b) If the funds converted or misappropriated are more than $300, but less than $20,000, a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(c) If the funds converted or misappropriated are $20,000 or more, but less than $100,000, a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(d) If the funds converted or misappropriated are $100,000 or more, a felony of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(8) An attorney shall deposit and maintain all funds received in connection with transactions in which the attorney is serving as a title or real estate settlement agent into a separate trust account that is maintained exclusively for funds received in connection with such transactions and permit the account to be audited by its title insurers, unless maintaining funds in the separate account for a particular client would violate applicable rules of The Florida Bar.
History.s. 24, ch. 85-185; s. 1, ch. 86-286; s. 1, ch. 89-305; s. 134, ch. 90-363; s. 114, ch. 92-318; s. 3, ch. 98-409; s. 971, ch. 2003-261; s. 3, ch. 2012-206.
PART VI
INSURANCE ADJUSTERS
626.851 Short title.
626.852 Scope of this part.
626.853 Part supplements licensing law.
626.854 “Public adjuster” defined; prohibitions.
626.8548 “All-lines adjuster” defined.
626.855 “Independent adjuster” defined.
626.856 “Company employee adjuster” defined.
626.8561 “Public adjuster apprentice” defined.
626.8582 “Nonresident public adjuster” defined.
626.8584 “Nonresident all-lines adjuster” defined.
626.859 “Catastrophe” or “emergency” adjuster defined.
626.860 Attorneys at law; exemption.
626.861 Insurer’s officers, insurer’s employees, reciprocal insurer’s representatives; adjustments by.
626.862 Agents; adjustments by.
626.863 Claims referrals to independent adjusters.
626.864 Adjuster license types.
626.865 Public adjuster’s qualifications, bond.
626.8651 Public adjuster apprentice appointment; qualifications.
626.866 All-lines adjuster qualifications.
626.8685 Portable electronics insurance claims; exemption; licensure restriction.
626.869 License, adjusters; continuing education.
626.8695 Primary adjuster.
626.8696 Application for adjusting firm license.
626.8697 Grounds for refusal, suspension, or revocation of adjusting firm license.
626.8698 Disciplinary guidelines for public adjusters and public adjuster apprentices.
626.870 Application for license.
626.871 Reappointment after military service.
626.8732 Nonresident public adjuster’s qualifications, bond.
626.8734 Nonresident all-lines adjuster license qualifications.
626.8736 Nonresident independent or public adjusters; service of process.
626.8737 Nonresident adjusters; retaliatory provision.
626.8738 Penalty for violation.
626.874 Catastrophe or emergency adjusters.
626.875 Office and records.
626.876 Exclusive employment; public adjusters, all-lines adjusters.
626.877 Adjustments to comply with insurance contract and law.
626.878 Rules; code of ethics.
626.8795 Public adjusters; prohibition of conflict of interest.
626.8796 Public adjuster contracts; fraud statement.
626.8797 Proof of loss; fraud statement.
626.851 Short title.This part may be referred to in any legal proceedings as the “Insurance Adjusters Law.”
History.s. 315, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.852 Scope of this part.
(1) This part applies only to insurance adjusters as defined in this part.
(2) Unless otherwise required by context, the term “adjusters” as used in this part applies to all licensees defined as any type of adjuster.
(3) This part does not apply as to life insurance or annuity contracts.
(4) This part does not apply to third-party administrators or a person employed by a third-party administrator holding a certificate of authority pursuant to ss. 626.88-626.894.
(5) This part does not apply to any employee or agent of a state university board of trustees providing services in support of any self-insurance program created under former s. 240.213 or s. 1004.24.
(6) This part does not apply to any person who adjusts only multiple-peril crop insurance or crop hail claims.
History.s. 314, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 65-16; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 269(2nd), 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 135, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 60, ch. 91-108; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 51, ch. 98-199; s. 2, ch. 2000-270; s. 38, ch. 2002-206; s. 3, ch. 2002-401; s. 87, ch. 2003-1.
626.853 Part supplements licensing law.This part is supplementary to part I, the “Licensing Procedures Law.”
History.s. 316, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.854 “Public adjuster” defined; prohibitions.The Legislature finds that it is necessary for the protection of the public to regulate public insurance adjusters and to prevent the unauthorized practice of law.
(1) A “public adjuster” is any person, except a duly licensed attorney at law as exempted under s. 626.860, who, for money, commission, or any other thing of value, directly or indirectly prepares, completes, or files an insurance claim for an insured or third-party claimant or who, for money, commission, or any other thing of value, acts on behalf of, or aids an insured or third-party claimant in negotiating for or effecting the settlement of a claim or claims for loss or damage covered by an insurance contract or who advertises for employment as an adjuster of such claims. The term also includes any person who, for money, commission, or any other thing of value, directly or indirectly solicits, investigates, or adjusts such claims on behalf of a public adjuster, an insured, or a third-party claimant. The term does not include a person who photographs or inventories damaged personal property or business personal property or a person performing duties under another professional license, if such person does not otherwise solicit, adjust, investigate, or negotiate for or attempt to effect the settlement of a claim.
(2) This definition does not apply to:
(a) A licensed health care provider or employee thereof who prepares or files a health insurance claim form on behalf of a patient.
(b) A licensed health insurance agent who assists an insured with coverage questions, medical procedure coding issues, balance billing issues, understanding the claims filing process, or filing a claim, as such assistance relates to coverage under a health insurance policy.
(c) A person who files a health claim on behalf of another and does so without compensation.
(3) A public adjuster may not give legal advice or act on behalf of or aid any person in negotiating or settling a claim relating to bodily injury, death, or noneconomic damages.
(4) For purposes of this section, the term “insured” includes only the policyholder and any beneficiaries named or similarly identified in the policy.
(5) A public adjuster may not directly or indirectly through any other person or entity solicit an insured or claimant by any means except on Monday through Saturday of each week and only between the hours of 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. on those days.
(6) An insured or claimant may cancel a public adjuster’s contract to adjust a claim without penalty or obligation within 3 business days after the date on which the contract is executed or within 3 business days after the date on which the insured or claimant has notified the insurer of the claim, whichever is later. The public adjuster’s contract must disclose to the insured or claimant his or her right to cancel the contract and advise the insured or claimant that notice of cancellation must be submitted in writing and sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, or other form of mailing that provides proof thereof, to the public adjuster at the address specified in the contract; provided, during any state of emergency as declared by the Governor and for 1 year after the date of loss, the insured or claimant has 5 business days after the date on which the contract is executed to cancel a public adjuster’s contract.
(7) It is an unfair and deceptive insurance trade practice pursuant to s. 626.9541 for a public adjuster or any other person to circulate or disseminate any advertisement, announcement, or statement containing any assertion, representation, or statement with respect to the business of insurance which is untrue, deceptive, or misleading.
(a) The following statements, made in any public adjuster’s advertisement or solicitation, are considered deceptive or misleading:
1. A statement or representation that invites an insured policyholder to submit a claim when the policyholder does not have covered damage to insured property.
2. A statement or representation that invites an insured policyholder to submit a claim by offering monetary or other valuable inducement.
3. A statement or representation that invites an insured policyholder to submit a claim by stating that there is “no risk” to the policyholder by submitting such claim.
4. A statement or representation, or use of a logo or shield, that implies or could mistakenly be construed to imply that the solicitation was issued or distributed by a governmental agency or is sanctioned or endorsed by a governmental agency.
(b) For purposes of this paragraph, the term “written advertisement” includes only newspapers, magazines, flyers, and bulk mailers. The following disclaimer, which is not required to be printed on standard size business cards, must be added in bold print and capital letters in typeface no smaller than the typeface of the body of the text to all written advertisements by a public adjuster:

“THIS IS A SOLICITATION FOR BUSINESS. IF YOU HAVE HAD A CLAIM FOR AN INSURED PROPERTY LOSS OR DAMAGE AND YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE PAYMENT BY YOUR INSURER, YOU MAY DISREGARD THIS ADVERTISEMENT.”

(8) A public adjuster, a public adjuster apprentice, or any person or entity acting on behalf of a public adjuster or public adjuster apprentice may not give or offer to give a monetary loan or advance to a client or prospective client.
(9) A public adjuster, public adjuster apprentice, or any individual or entity acting on behalf of a public adjuster or public adjuster apprentice may not give or offer to give, directly or indirectly, any article of merchandise having a value in excess of $25 to any individual for the purpose of advertising or as an inducement to entering into a contract with a public adjuster.
(10)(a) If a public adjuster enters into a contract with an insured or claimant to reopen a claim or file a supplemental claim that seeks additional payments for a claim that has been previously paid in part or in full or settled by the insurer, the public adjuster may not charge, agree to, or accept from any source compensation, payment, commission, fee, or any other thing of value based on a previous settlement or previous claim payments by the insurer for the same cause of loss. The charge, compensation, payment, commission, fee, or any other thing of value must be based only on the claim payments or settlement obtained through the work of the public adjuster after entering into the contract with the insured or claimant. Compensation for the reopened or supplemental claim may not exceed 20 percent of the reopened or supplemental claim payment. In no event shall the contracts described in this paragraph exceed the limitations in paragraph (b).
(b) A public adjuster may not charge, agree to, or accept from any source compensation, payment, commission, fee, or any other thing of value in excess of:
1. Ten percent of the amount of insurance claim payments made by the insurer for claims based on events that are the subject of a declaration of a state of emergency by the Governor. This provision applies to claims made during the year after the declaration of emergency. After that year, the limitations in subparagraph 2. apply.
2. Twenty percent of the amount of insurance claim payments made by the insurer for claims that are not based on events that are the subject of a declaration of a state of emergency by the Governor.
(c) Insurance claim payments made by the insurer do not include policy deductibles, and public adjuster compensation may not be based on the deductible portion of a claim.
(d) Any maneuver, shift, or device through which the limits on compensation set forth in this subsection are exceeded is a violation of this chapter punishable as provided under s. 626.8698.
(11) Each public adjuster must provide to the claimant or insured a written estimate of the loss to assist in the submission of a proof of loss or any other claim for payment of insurance proceeds. The public adjuster shall retain such written estimate for at least 5 years and shall make the estimate available to the claimant or insured, the insurer, and the department upon request.
(12) A public adjuster, public adjuster apprentice, or any person acting on behalf of a public adjuster or apprentice may not accept referrals of business from any person with whom the public adjuster conducts business if there is any form or manner of agreement to compensate the person, directly or indirectly, for referring business to the public adjuster. A public adjuster may not compensate any person, except for another public adjuster, directly or indirectly, for the principal purpose of referring business to the public adjuster.
(13) A company employee adjuster, independent adjuster, attorney, investigator, or other persons acting on behalf of an insurer that needs access to an insured or claimant or to the insured property that is the subject of a claim must provide at least 48 hours’ notice to the insured or claimant, public adjuster, or legal representative before scheduling a meeting with the claimant or an onsite inspection of the insured property. The insured or claimant may deny access to the property if the notice has not been provided. The insured or claimant may waive the 48-hour notice.
(14) The public adjuster must ensure that prompt notice is given of the claim to the insurer, the public adjuster’s contract is provided to the insurer, the property is available for inspection of the loss or damage by the insurer, and the insurer is given an opportunity to interview the insured directly about the loss and claim. The insurer must be allowed to obtain necessary information to investigate and respond to the claim.
(a) The insurer may not exclude the public adjuster from its in-person meetings with the insured. The insurer shall meet or communicate with the public adjuster in an effort to reach agreement as to the scope of the covered loss under the insurance policy. The public adjuster shall meet or communicate with the insurer in an effort to reach agreement as to the scope of the covered loss under the insurance policy. This section does not impair the terms and conditions of the insurance policy in effect at the time the claim is filed.
(b) A public adjuster may not restrict or prevent an insurer, company employee adjuster, independent adjuster, attorney, investigator, or other person acting on behalf of the insurer from having reasonable access at reasonable times to any insured or claimant or to the insured property that is the subject of a claim.
(c) A public adjuster may not act or fail to reasonably act in any manner that obstructs or prevents an insurer or insurer’s adjuster from timely conducting an inspection of any part of the insured property for which there is a claim for loss or damage. The public adjuster representing the insureds may be present for the insurer’s inspection, but if the unavailability of the public adjuster otherwise delays the insurer’s timely inspection of the property, the public adjuster or the insureds must allow the insurer to have access to the property without the participation or presence of the public adjuster or insureds in order to facilitate the insurer’s prompt inspection of the loss or damage.
(15) A licensed contractor under part I of chapter 489, or a subcontractor, may not adjust a claim on behalf of an insured unless licensed and compliant as a public adjuster under this chapter. However, the contractor may discuss or explain a bid for construction or repair of covered property with the residential property owner who has suffered loss or damage covered by a property insurance policy, or the insurer of such property, if the contractor is doing so for the usual and customary fees applicable to the work to be performed as stated in the contract between the contractor and the insured.
(16) A public adjuster shall not acquire any interest in salvaged property, except with the written consent and permission of the insured through a signed affidavit.
(17) A public adjuster, a public adjuster apprentice, or a person acting on behalf of an adjuster or apprentice may not enter into a contract or accept a power of attorney that vests in the public adjuster, the public adjuster apprentice, or the person acting on behalf of the adjuster or apprentice the effective authority to choose the persons or entities that will perform repair work in a property insurance claim or provide goods or services that will require the insured or third-party claimant to expend funds in excess of those payable to the public adjuster under the terms of the contract for adjusting services.
(18) Subsections (5)-(17) apply only to residential property insurance policies and condominium unit owner policies as described in s. 718.111(11).
(19) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, no person, except an attorney at law or a public adjuster, may for money, commission, or any other thing of value, directly or indirectly:
(a) Prepare, complete, or file an insurance claim for an insured or a third-party claimant;
(b) Act on behalf of or aid an insured or a third-party claimant in negotiating for or effecting the settlement of a claim for loss or damage covered by an insurance contract;
(c) Advertise for employment as a public adjuster; or
(d) Solicit, investigate, or adjust a claim on behalf of a public adjuster, an insured, or a third-party claimant.
History.s. 317, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 25, ch. 88-166; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1, ch. 95-238; s. 10, ch. 2008-220; s. 3, ch. 2009-87; ss. 7, 8, ch. 2011-39; s. 3, ch. 2013-60; s. 2, ch. 2014-104; s. 13, ch. 2016-132; s. 2, ch. 2017-147.
626.8548 “All-lines adjuster” defined.An “all-lines adjuster” is a person who, for money, commission, or any other thing of value, directly or indirectly undertakes on behalf of a public adjuster or an insurer to ascertain and determine the amount of any claim, loss, or damage payable under an insurance contract or undertakes to effect settlement of such claim, loss, or damage. The term also includes any person who, for money, commission, or any other thing of value, directly or indirectly solicits claims on behalf of a public adjuster, but does not include a paid spokesperson used as part of a written or an electronic advertisement or a person who photographs or inventories damaged personal property or business personal property if such person does not otherwise adjust, investigate, or negotiate for or attempt to effect the settlement of a claim. The term does not apply to life insurance or annuity contracts.
History.s. 26, ch. 2012-209; s. 4, ch. 2017-147.
626.855 “Independent adjuster” defined.An “independent adjuster” means a person licensed as an all-lines adjuster who is self-appointed or appointed and employed by an independent adjusting firm or other independent adjuster, and who undertakes on behalf of an insurer to ascertain and determine the amount of any claim, loss, or damage payable under an insurance contract or undertakes to effect settlement of such claim, loss, or damage.
History.s. 318, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 27, ch. 2012-209.
626.856 “Company employee adjuster” defined.A “company employee adjuster” means a person licensed as an all-lines adjuster who is appointed and employed on an insurer’s staff of adjusters or a wholly owned subsidiary of the insurer, and who undertakes on behalf of such insurer or other insurers under common control or ownership to ascertain and determine the amount of any claim, loss, or damage payable under a contract of insurance, or undertakes to effect settlement of such claim, loss, or damage.
History.s. 319, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 17, ch. 2001-142; s. 28, ch. 2012-209.
626.8561 “Public adjuster apprentice” defined.The term “public adjuster apprentice” means a person licensed as an all-lines adjuster who:
(1) Is appointed and employed or contracted by a public adjuster or a public adjusting firm;
(2) Assists the public adjuster or public adjusting firm in ascertaining and determining the amount of any claim, loss, or damage payable under an insurance contract, or who undertakes to effect settlement of such claim, loss, or damage; and
(3) Satisfies the requirements of s. 626.8651.
History.s. 5, ch. 2017-147.
626.8582 “Nonresident public adjuster” defined.A “nonresident public adjuster” is a person who:
(1) Is not a resident of this state;
(2) Is a currently licensed public adjuster in his or her state of residence for the type or kinds of insurance for which the licensee intends to adjust claims in this state or, if a resident of a state that does not license public adjusters, has passed the department’s adjuster examination as prescribed in s. 626.8732(1)(b); and
(3) Is a self-employed public adjuster or associated with or employed by a public adjusting firm or other public adjuster.
History.s. 53, ch. 98-199; s. 972, ch. 2003-261; s. 53, ch. 2004-390.
626.8584 “Nonresident all-lines adjuster” defined.A “nonresident all-lines adjuster” means a person who:
(1) Is not a resident of this state;
(2) Is currently licensed as an adjuster in his or her state of residence for all lines of insurance except life and annuities or, if a resident of a state that does not license such adjusters, meets the qualifications prescribed in s. 626.8734; and
(3) Is licensed as an all-lines adjuster and self-appointed or appointed and employed or contracted by an independent adjusting firm or other independent adjuster, by an insurer admitted to do business in this state or a wholly owned subsidiary of an insurer admitted to do business in this state, or by a public adjuster or a public adjusting firm.
History.s. 54, ch. 98-199; s. 973, ch. 2003-261; s. 54, ch. 2004-390; s. 30, ch. 2012-209; s. 6, ch. 2017-147.
626.859 “Catastrophe” or “emergency” adjuster defined.A “catastrophe” or “emergency” adjuster is a person who is not a licensed adjuster under this part, but who has been designated and certified to the department by insurers as qualified to adjust claims, losses, or damages under policies or contracts of insurance issued by such insurer, and whom the department may license, in the event of a catastrophe or emergency, for the purposes and under the conditions which the department shall fix and for the period of the emergency as the department shall determine, to adjust claims, losses, or damages under the policies of insurance issued by the insurers.
History.s. 322, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 275, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 138, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 974, ch. 2003-261; s. 55, ch. 2004-390.
626.860 Attorneys at law; exemption.Attorneys at law duly licensed to practice law in the courts of this state, and in good standing with The Florida Bar, shall not be required to be licensed under the provisions of this code to authorize them to adjust or participate in the adjustment of any claim, loss, or damage arising under policies or contracts of insurance.
History.s. 323, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.861 Insurer’s officers, insurer’s employees, reciprocal insurer’s representatives; adjustments by.
1(1) This part may not be construed to prevent an executive officer of any insurer, an employee of an insurer handling claims with respect to health insurance, an employee of an insurer handling claims with respect to residential property insurance in which the amount of coverage for the applicable type of loss is contractually limited to $500 or less, or the duly designated attorney or agent authorized and acting for subscribers to reciprocal insurers from adjusting any claim loss or damage under any insurance contract of such insurer.
(2) If any such officer, employee, attorney, or agent in connection with the adjustment of any such claim, loss, or damage engages in any of the misconduct described in or contemplated by s. 626.611(1)(f), the office may suspend or revoke the insurer’s certificate of authority.
History.s. 324, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 65-16; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 276, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 975, ch. 2003-261; s. 24, ch. 2014-123; s. 7, ch. 2017-147; s. 30, ch. 2017-175.
1Note.As amended by s. 7, ch. 2017-147. For a description of multiple acts in the same session affecting a statutory provision, see preface to the Florida Statutes, “Statutory Construction.” Subsection (1) was also amended by s. 30, ch. 2017-175, and that version reads:

(1) This part may not be construed to prevent an executive officer of any insurer, a regularly salaried employee of an insurer handling claims with respect to health insurance, a regular employee of an insurer handling claims with respect to residential property when the sublimit coverage does not exceed $500, or the duly designated attorney or agent authorized and acting for subscribers to reciprocal insurers, from adjusting any claim loss or damage under any insurance contract of such insurer.

626.862 Agents; adjustments by.A licensed and appointed insurance agent may, without being licensed as an adjuster, adjust losses for the insurer represented by him or her as agent if so authorized by the insurer. The license and appointment of the agent may be suspended or revoked for violation of or misconduct prohibited by s. 626.611(1)(f).
History.s. 325, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 277, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 139, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 284, ch. 97-102; s. 72, ch. 2002-206; s. 25, ch. 2014-123.
626.863 Claims referrals to independent adjusters.
(1) An insurer may not knowingly refer any claim or loss for adjustment in this state to any person purporting to be or acting as an independent adjuster unless the person is currently licensed as an all-lines adjuster and appointed as an independent adjuster under this code.
(2) Before referring any claim or loss, the insurer shall ascertain from the department whether the proposed independent adjuster is currently licensed as an all-lines adjuster and appointed as an independent adjuster. Having ascertained that a particular person is so licensed and appointed, the insurer may assume that he or she will continue to be so licensed and appointed until the insurer has knowledge, or receives information from the department, to the contrary.
(3) This section does not apply to catastrophe or emergency adjusters as provided in this part.
History.s. 326, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 278, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 140, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 285, ch. 97-102; s. 976, ch. 2003-261; s. 56, ch. 2004-390; s. 31, ch. 2012-209.
626.864 Adjuster license types.
(1) A qualified individual may be licensed as:
(a) A public adjuster; or
(b) An all-lines adjuster.
(2) The same individual may not be concurrently licensed as a public adjuster and an all-lines adjuster.
(3) An all-lines adjuster may be appointed as an independent adjuster, public adjuster apprentice, or company employee adjuster, but not more than one of these concurrently.
History.s. 327, ch. 59-205; s. 3. ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 279, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 141, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 32, ch. 2012-209; s. 8, ch. 2017-147.
626.865 Public adjuster’s qualifications, bond.
(1) The department shall issue a license to an applicant for a public adjuster’s license upon determining that the applicant has paid the applicable fees specified in s. 624.501 and possesses the following qualifications:
(a) Is a natural person at least 18 years of age.
(b) Is a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.
(c) Is trustworthy and has such business reputation as would reasonably assure that the applicant will conduct his or her business as insurance adjuster fairly and in good faith and without detriment to the public.
(d) Has had sufficient experience, training, or instruction concerning the adjusting of damages or losses under insurance contracts, other than life and annuity contracts, is sufficiently informed as to the terms and effects of the provisions of those types of insurance contracts, and possesses adequate knowledge of the laws of this state relating to such contracts as to enable and qualify him or her to engage in the business of insurance adjuster fairly and without injury to the public or any member thereof with whom the applicant may have business as a public adjuster.
(e) Has been licensed in this state as an all-lines adjuster, and has been appointed on a continual basis for the previous 6 months as a public adjuster apprentice under s. 626.8561, as an independent adjuster under s. 626.855, or as a company employee adjuster under s. 626.856.
(2) At the time of application for license as a public adjuster, the applicant shall file with the department a bond executed and issued by a surety insurer authorized to transact such business in this state, in the amount of $50,000, conditioned for the faithful performance of his or her duties as a public adjuster under the license for which the applicant has applied, and thereafter maintain the bond unimpaired throughout the existence of the license and for at least 1 year after termination of the license. The bond shall be in favor of the department and shall specifically authorize recovery by the department of the damages sustained in case the licensee is guilty of fraud or unfair practices in connection with his or her business as public adjuster. The aggregate liability of the surety for all such damages shall in no event exceed the amount of the bond. Such bond shall not be terminated unless at least 30 days’ written notice is given to the licensee and filed with the department.
(3) The department may not issue a license as a public adjuster to any individual who has not passed the examination for a public adjuster’s license. Any individual who is applying for reinstatement of a license after completion of a period of suspension and any individual who is applying for a new license after termination, cancellation, revocation, or expiration of a prior license as a public adjuster must pass the examination required for licensure as a public adjuster after approval of the application for reinstatement or for a new license regardless of whether the applicant passed an examination prior to issuance of the license that was suspended, terminated, canceled, revoked, or expired.
History.s. 328, ch. 59-205; s. 4, ch. 65-16; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 77-116; s. 53, ch. 77-121; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 280, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 37, ch. 82-386; ss. 142, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 286, ch. 97-102; s. 55, ch. 98-199; s. 977, ch. 2003-261; s. 58, ch. 2003-267; s. 51, ch. 2003-281; s. 117, ch. 2004-5; s. 57, ch. 2004-390; s. 5, ch. 2007-199; s. 12, ch. 2008-220; s. 5, ch. 2009-87; s. 33, ch. 2012-209; s. 9, ch. 2017-147.
626.8651 Public adjuster apprentice appointment; qualifications.
(1)(a) The department shall issue an appointment as a public adjuster apprentice to a licensee who:
1. Is licensed as an all-lines adjuster under s. 626.866;
2. Has filed with the department a bond executed and issued by a surety insurer that is authorized to transact such business in this state in the amount of $50,000, which is conditioned upon the faithful performance of his or her duties as a public adjuster apprentice; and
3. Maintains such bond unimpaired throughout the existence of the appointment and for at least 1 year after termination of the appointment.
(b) The bond must be in favor of the department and must specifically authorize recovery by the department of the damages sustained in case the licensee commits fraud or unfair practices in connection with his or her business as a public adjuster apprentice. The aggregate liability of the surety for all such damages may not exceed the amount of the bond, and the bond may not be terminated by the issuing insurer unless written notice of at least 30 days is given to the licensee and filed with the department.
(2) An appointing public adjusting firm may not maintain more than four public adjuster apprentices simultaneously. However, a supervising public adjuster may not be responsible for more than one public adjuster apprentice simultaneously and shall be accountable for the acts of the public adjuster apprentice which are related to transacting business as a public adjuster apprentice. This subsection does not apply to a public adjusting firm that adjusts claims primarily for commercial entities with operations in more than one state and that does not directly or indirectly perform adjusting services for insurers or individual homeowners.
(3) A public adjuster apprentice has the same authority as the licensed public adjuster or public adjusting firm that employs the apprentice except that an apprentice may not execute contracts for the services of a public adjuster or public adjusting firm. An individual may not be, act as, or hold himself or herself out to be a public adjuster apprentice unless the individual is licensed as an all-lines adjuster and holds a current appointment by a licensed public all-lines adjuster or a public adjusting firm that employs a licensed public adjuster.
History.s. 13, ch. 2008-220; s. 6, ch. 2009-87; s. 8, ch. 2011-174; s. 34, ch. 2012-209; s. 10, ch. 2017-147.
626.866 All-lines adjuster qualifications.The department shall issue an all-lines adjuster license to an applicant upon determining that the applicable license fee specified in s. 624.501 has been paid and that the applicant possesses the following qualifications:
(1) Is a natural person at least 18 years of age.
(2) Is a United States citizen or legal alien who possesses work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and a bona fide resident of this state.
(3) Is trustworthy and has such business reputation as would reasonably assure that the applicant will conduct his or her business as insurance adjuster fairly and in good faith and without detriment to the public.
(4) Has had sufficient experience, training, or instruction concerning the adjusting of damage or loss under insurance contracts, other than life and annuity contracts, is sufficiently informed as to the terms and the effects of the provisions of such types of contracts, and possesses adequate knowledge of the insurance laws of this state relating to such contracts as to enable and qualify him or her to engage in the business of insurance adjuster fairly and without injury to the public or any member thereof with whom he or she may have relations as an insurance adjuster and to adjust all claims in accordance with the policy or contract and the insurance laws of this state.
(5) Has passed any required written examination or has met one of the exemptions prescribed under s. 626.221.
History.s. 329, ch. 59-205; s. 5, ch. 65-16; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 77-116; s. 54, ch. 77-121; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 281, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 38, ch. 82-386; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 287, ch. 97-102; s. 978, ch. 2003-261; s. 59, ch. 2003-267; s. 52, ch. 2003-281; s. 118, ch. 2004-5; s. 58, ch. 2004-390; s. 35, ch. 2012-209.
626.8685 Portable electronics insurance claims; exemption; licensure restriction.
(1) This part does not apply to any individual who collects claims information from, or furnishes claims information to, insureds or claimants, and who conducts data entry, including entering data into an automated claims adjudication system, provided that the individual is an employee of a business entity licensed under this chapter, or its affiliate, and no more than 25 such persons are under the supervision of one licensed independent adjuster or licensed agent who is exempt from licensure pursuant to s. 626.862. For purposes of this subsection, the term “automated claims adjudication system” means a preprogrammed computer system designed for the collection, data entry, calculation, and final resolution of portable electronics insurance claims that:
(a) May be used only by a licensed independent adjuster, licensed agent, or supervised individual operating pursuant to this subsection;
(b) Must comply with all claims payment requirements of the insurance code; and
(c) Must be certified as compliant with this subsection by a licensed independent adjuster that is an officer of a licensed business entity under this chapter.
(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a resident of Canada may not be licensed as a nonresident independent adjuster for purposes of adjusting portable electronics insurance claims unless the person has successfully obtained an adjuster’s license in another state.
History.s. 8, ch. 2012-151.
626.869 License, adjusters; continuing education.
(1) Having a license as an all-lines adjuster qualifies the licensee to adjust all lines of insurance except life and annuities.
(2) All individuals who on October 1, 1990, hold an adjuster’s license and appointment limited to fire and allied lines, including marine or casualty or boiler and machinery, may remain licensed and appointed under the limited license and may renew their appointment, but a license or appointment that has been terminated, not renewed, suspended, or revoked may not be reinstated, and new or additional licenses or appointments may not be issued.
(3) All individuals who on October 1, 2012, hold an adjuster’s license and appointment limited to motor vehicle physical damage and mechanical breakdown, property and casualty, workers’ compensation, or health insurance may remain licensed and appointed under such limited license and may renew their appointment, but a license that has been terminated, suspended, or revoked may not be reinstated, and new or additional licenses may not be issued.
(4) An individual holding a license as a public adjuster or an all-lines adjuster must complete all continuing education requirements as specified in s. 626.2815.
(5) The regulation of continuing education for licensees, course providers, instructors, school officials, and monitor groups shall be as provided in s. 626.2816.
History.s. 332, ch. 59-205; s. 90, ch. 79-40; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 284, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; s. 26, ch. 88-166; s. 33, ch. 89-289; s. 50, ch. 90-201; ss. 143, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 48, ch. 91-1; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 289, ch. 97-102; s. 62, ch. 98-199; s. 1, ch. 2003-99; s. 980, ch. 2003-261; ss. 61, 83, ch. 2003-267; s. 54, ch. 2003-281; s. 60, ch. 2004-390; s. 6, ch. 2007-199; s. 14, ch. 2008-220; s. 37, ch. 2012-209.
626.8695 Primary adjuster.
(1) Each business location established by an adjuster, an adjusting firm, a corporation, or an association must designate with the department a primary adjuster who is licensed and appointed to adjust the insurance claims adjusted by the business location.
(2) An adjusting firm and each of its branch firms shall designate a primary adjuster and file with the department, at the department’s designated website, the name and license number of such primary adjuster and the physical address of the adjusting firm or branch firm location where he or she is the primary adjuster. The designation of the primary adjuster may be changed at the option of the adjusting firm. Any such change is effective upon notification to the department. Notice of change must be provided to the department within 30 days after such change.
(3) For purposes of this section, a “primary adjuster” is the licensed adjuster who is responsible for the supervision of all individuals within an adjusting firm location who act in the capacity of an adjuster as defined in this chapter. An adjuster may be designated as a primary adjuster for more than one adjusting firm location provided no person engages in activity requiring licensure as an adjuster at any location when an adjuster is not physically present.
(4) For purposes of this section, an “adjusting firm” is a location where an independent or public adjuster is engaged in the business of insurance.
(5) The department may suspend or revoke the license of the primary adjuster if the adjusting firm employs or contracts any person who has had a license denied or any person whose license is currently suspended or revoked. However, if a person has been denied a license for failure to pass a required examination, he or she may be employed or contracted to perform clerical or administrative functions for which licensure is not required.
(6) The primary adjuster in an adjusting firm is accountable for misconduct or violations of this code committed by the primary adjuster or by any other person under his or her direct supervision while acting on behalf of the adjusting firm. This section does not render a primary adjuster criminally liable for an act unless the primary adjuster personally committed the act or knew or should have known of the act and of the facts constituting a violation of this code.
(7) The department may suspend or revoke the license of any adjuster who is employed or contracted by a person whose license is currently suspended or revoked.
(8) An adjusting firm location may not conduct the business of insurance unless a primary adjuster is designated and provides services to the firm at all times. If the primary adjuster designated with the department ends his or her affiliation with the firm for any reason and if the firm fails to designate another primary adjuster, as required in subsection (2), within 90 days, the firm license automatically expires on the 91st day after the date the designated primary adjuster ended his or her affiliation with the firm.
(9) Any adjusting firm may determine a person’s current licensure status by submitting an appointment request within 5 working days after the date an adjuster is hired. If the department subsequently notifies the adjusting firm that its appointee’s license is currently suspended, revoked, or has been denied, the license of the primary adjuster may not be revoked or suspended if the unlicensed person is immediately dismissed from employment as an adjuster with the firm.
History.s. 25, ch. 92-146; s. 290, ch. 97-102; s. 63, ch. 98-199; s. 981, ch. 2003-261; s. 61, ch. 2004-390; s. 11, ch. 2017-147.
626.8696 Application for adjusting firm license.
(1) The application for an adjusting firm license must include:
(a) The name of each majority owner, partner, officer, and director of the adjusting firm.
(b) The resident address of each person required to be listed in the application under paragraph (a).
(c) The name of the adjusting firm and its principal business address.
(d) The location of each adjusting firm office and the name under which each office conducts or will conduct business.
(e) Any additional information that the department requires.
(2) An application for an adjusting firm license must be signed by each owner of the firm. If the firm is incorporated, the application must be signed by the president and secretary of the corporation.
(3) Each application must be accompanied by payment of any applicable fee as prescribed in s. 624.501.
(4) License fees are not refundable.
(5) An adjusting firm required to be licensed pursuant to s. 626.8695 must remain so licensed for a period of 3 years from the date of licensure, unless the license is suspended or revoked. The department may suspend or revoke the adjusting firm’s authority to do business for activities occurring during the time the firm is licensed, regardless of whether the licensing period has terminated.
History.s. 26, ch. 92-146; s. 982, ch. 2003-261; s. 62, ch. 2004-390.
626.8697 Grounds for refusal, suspension, or revocation of adjusting firm license.
(1) The department shall deny, suspend, revoke, or refuse to continue the license of any adjusting firm if it finds, as to any adjusting firm or as to any majority owner, partner, manager, director, officer, or other person who manages or controls the firm, that any of the following grounds exist:
(a) Lack by the firm of one or more of the qualifications for the license as specified in this code.
(b) Material misstatement, misrepresentation, or fraud in obtaining the license or in attempting to obtain the license.
(2) The department may, in its discretion, deny, suspend, revoke, or refuse to continue the license of any adjusting firm if it finds that any of the following applicable grounds exist with respect to the firm or any owner, partner, manager, director, officer, or other person who is otherwise involved in the operation of the firm:
(a) Any cause for which issuance of the license could have been refused had it then existed and been known to the department.
(b) Violation of any provision of this code or of any other law applicable to the business of insurance.
(c) Violation of an order or rule of the department, office, or commission.
(d) An owner, partner, manager, director, officer, or other person who manages or controls the firm having been found guilty of or having pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or a crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more under the laws of the United States or of any state or under the laws of any other country, without regard to whether adjudication was made or withheld by the court.
(e) Failure to inform the department in writing within 30 days after a pleading by an owner, partner, manager, director, officer, or other person managing or controlling the firm of guilty or nolo contendere to, or being convicted or found guilty of, any felony or a crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more under the laws of the United States or of any state, or under the laws of any other country, without regard to whether adjudication was made or withheld by the court.
(f) Knowingly aiding, assisting, procuring, advising, or abetting any person in the violation of or to violate a provision of the insurance code or any order or rule of the department, office, or commission.
(g) Knowingly employing any individual in a managerial capacity or in a capacity dealing with the public who is under an order of revocation or suspension issued by the department.
(h) Committing any of the following acts with such a frequency as to have made the operation of the adjusting firm hazardous to the insurance-buying public or other persons:
1. Misappropriation, conversion, or unlawful or unreasonable withholding of moneys belonging to insurers or insureds or beneficiaries or claimants or to others and received in the conduct of business under the license.
2. Misrepresentation or deception with regard to the business of insurance, dissemination of information, or advertising.
3. Demonstrated lack of fitness or trustworthiness to engage in the business of insurance adjusting arising out of activities related to insurance adjusting or the adjusting firm.
(i) Failure to appoint a primary adjuster.
(3) In lieu of discretionary refusal, suspension, or revocation of an adjusting firm’s license, the department may impose an administrative penalty of up to $1,000 for each violation or ground provided under this section, not to exceed an aggregate amount of $10,000 for all violations or grounds.
(4) If any adjusting firm, having been licensed, thereafter has such license revoked or suspended, the firm shall terminate all adjusting activities while the license is revoked or suspended.
History.s. 27, ch. 92-146; s. 983, ch. 2003-261; s. 63, ch. 2004-390; s. 38, ch. 2012-209.
626.8698 Disciplinary guidelines for public adjusters and public adjuster apprentices.The department may deny, suspend, or revoke the license of a public adjuster or public adjuster apprentice, and administer a fine not to exceed $5,000 per act, for any of the following:
(1) Violating any provision of this chapter or a rule or order of the department;
(2) Receiving payment or anything of value as a result of an unfair or deceptive practice;
(3) Receiving or accepting any fee, kickback, or other thing of value pursuant to any agreement or understanding, oral or otherwise; entering into a split-fee arrangement with another person who is not a public adjuster; or being otherwise paid or accepting payment for services that have not been performed;
(4) Violating s. 316.066 or s. 817.234;
(5) Soliciting or otherwise taking advantage of a person who is vulnerable, emotional, or otherwise upset as the result of a trauma, accident, or other similar occurrence; or
(6) Violating any ethical rule of the department.
History.s. 2, ch. 95-238; s. 984, ch. 2003-261; s. 64, ch. 2004-390; s. 7, ch. 2007-199; s. 15, ch. 2008-220.
626.870 Application for license.
(1) Application for a license under this part shall be made as provided in s. 626.171 and related sections of this code.
(2) The department shall so prepare the form of the application as to elicit and require from the applicant the information necessary to enable the department to determine whether the applicant possesses the qualifications prerequisite to issuance of the license to the applicant.
(3) The department may, in its discretion, require that the application be supplemented by the certificate or affidavit of such person or persons as it deems necessary for its determination of the applicant’s residence, business reputation, and reputation for trustworthiness. The department shall prescribe and may furnish the forms for such certificates and affidavits.
(4) A license, an appointment, or eligibility that has been suspended may not be reinstated except upon the filing and approval of an application for reinstatement in accordance with s. 626.641. In addition, for reinstatement of a public adjuster’s license, appointment, or eligibility, the individual must pass the public adjuster licensing examination. An application for reinstatement must be accompanied by any applicable examination fee. Successful completion of the examination does not entitle the applicant to have a license reinstated. The application is subject to denial pursuant to ss. 626.207, 626.611, 626.621, and 626.8698. If the department approves an application for reinstatement, the applicant shall be notified that the license will be reinstated upon payment by the applicant of the reinstatement fee contained in s. 624.501(15).
History.s. 333, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 285, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 144, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 985, ch. 2003-261; s. 65, ch. 2004-390; s. 16, ch. 2008-220.
626.871 Reappointment after military service.The department may, without requiring a further written examination, issue an appointment as an adjuster to a formerly licensed and appointed adjuster of this state who held a current adjuster’s appointment at the time of entering service in the Armed Forces of the United States, subject to the following conditions:
(1) The period of military service must not have been in excess of 3 years;
(2) The application for the appointment must be filed with the department and the applicable fee paid, within 12 months following the date of honorable discharge of the applicant from the military service; and
(3) The new appointment will be of the same type and class as that currently effective at the time the applicant entered military service; but, if such type and class of appointment is not being currently issued under this code, the new appointment shall be of that type and class or classes most closely resembling those of the former appointment.
History.s. 334, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 286, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 145, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 986, ch. 2003-261; s. 66, ch. 2004-390.
626.8732 Nonresident public adjuster’s qualifications, bond.
(1) The department shall, upon application therefor, issue a license to an applicant for a nonresident public adjuster’s license upon determining that the applicant has paid the applicable license fees required under s. 624.501 and:
(a) Is a natural person at least 18 years of age.
(b) Has passed to the satisfaction of the department a written Florida public adjuster’s examination of the scope prescribed in s. 626.241(6).
(c) Is self-employed as a public adjuster or associated with or employed by a public adjusting firm or other public adjuster. Applicants licensed as nonresident public adjusters under this section must be appointed as such in accordance with the provisions of ss. 626.112 and 626.451. Appointment fees in the amount specified in s. 624.501 must be paid to the department in advance. The appointment of a nonresident public adjuster shall continue in force until suspended, revoked, or otherwise terminated, but subject to biennial renewal or continuation by the licensee in accordance with procedures prescribed in s. 626.381 for licensees in general.
(d) Is trustworthy and has such business reputation as would reasonably assure that he or she will conduct his or her business as a nonresident public adjuster fairly and in good faith and without detriment to the public.
(e) Has been licensed and employed as a public adjuster in the applicant’s state of residence on a continual basis for the past year, or, if the applicant’s state of residence does not issue licenses to individuals who act as public adjusters, the applicant has been licensed and employed as a resident insurance company or independent adjuster in his or her state of residence or any other state on a continual basis for the past year.
(2) The applicant shall furnish the following with his or her application:
(a) A complete set of his or her fingerprints. The applicant’s fingerprints must be certified by an authorized law enforcement officer. The department may not authorize an applicant to take the required examination or issue a nonresident public adjuster’s license to the applicant until the department has received a report from the Florida Department of Law Enforcement and the Federal Bureau of Investigation relative to the existence or nonexistence of a criminal history report based on the applicant’s fingerprints.
(b) If currently licensed as a resident public adjuster in the applicant’s state of residence, a certificate or letter of authorization from the licensing authority of the applicant’s state of residence, stating that the applicant holds a current or comparable license to act as a public adjuster and has held the license continuously for the past year. The certificate or letter of authorization must be signed by the insurance commissioner or his or her deputy or the appropriate licensing official and must disclose whether the adjuster has ever had any license or eligibility to hold any license declined, denied, suspended, revoked, or placed on probation or whether an administrative fine or penalty has been levied against the adjuster and, if so, the reason for the action.
(c) If the applicant’s state of residence does not require licensure as a public adjuster and the applicant has been licensed as a resident insurance adjuster in his or her state of residence or any other state, a certificate or letter of authorization from the licensing authority stating that the applicant holds or has held a license to act as such an insurance adjuster and has held the license continuously for the past year. The certificate or letter of authorization must be signed by the insurance commissioner or his or her deputy or the appropriate licensing official and must disclose whether or not the adjuster has ever had any license or eligibility to hold any license declined, denied, suspended, revoked, or placed on probation or whether an administrative fine or penalty has been levied against the adjuster and, if so, the reason for the action.
(3) At the time of application for license as a nonresident public adjuster, the applicant shall file with the department a bond executed and issued by a surety insurer authorized to transact surety business in this state, in the amount of $50,000, conditioned for the faithful performance of his or her duties as a nonresident public adjuster under the license applied for. The bond must be in favor of the department and must specifically authorize recovery by the department of the damages sustained if the licensee commits fraud or unfair practices in connection with his or her business as nonresident public adjuster. The aggregate liability of the surety for all the damages may not exceed the amount of the bond. The bond may not be terminated unless at least 30 days’ written notice is given to the licensee and filed with the department.
(4) The usual and customary records pertaining to transactions under the license of a nonresident public adjuster must be retained for at least 3 years after completion of the adjustment and must be made available in this state to the department upon request. The failure of a nonresident public adjuster to properly maintain records and make them available to the department upon request constitutes grounds for the immediate suspension of the license issued under this section.
(5) If available, the department shall verify the nonresident applicant’s licensing status through the producer database maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners or its affiliates or subsidiaries.
History.s. 57, ch. 98-199; s. 989, ch. 2003-261; s. 69, ch. 2004-390; s. 17, ch. 2008-220; s. 41, ch. 2012-209; s. 33, ch. 2018-102.
626.8734 Nonresident all-lines adjuster license qualifications.
(1) The department shall issue a license to an applicant for a nonresident all-lines adjuster license upon determining that the applicant has paid the applicable license fees required under s. 624.501 and:
(a) Is a natural person at least 18 years of age.
(b) Has passed to the satisfaction of the department a written Florida all-lines adjuster examination of the scope prescribed in s. 626.241(6); however, the requirement for the examination does not apply to:
1. An applicant who is licensed as an all-lines adjuster in his or her home state if that state has entered into a reciprocal agreement with the department;
2. An applicant who is licensed as a nonresident all-lines adjuster in a state other than his or her home state and a reciprocal agreement with the appropriate official of the state of licensure has been entered into with the department; or
3. An applicant who holds a certification set forth in s. 626.221(2)(j).
(c) Is licensed as an all-lines adjuster and is self appointed, or appointed and employed by an independent adjusting firm or other independent adjuster, or is an employee of an insurer admitted to do business in this state, a wholly owned subsidiary of an insurer admitted to do business in this state, or other insurers under the common control or ownership of such insurers. Applicants licensed as nonresident all-lines adjusters under this section must be appointed as an independent adjuster or company employee adjuster in accordance with ss. 626.112 and 626.451. Appointment fees as specified in s. 624.501 must be paid to the department in advance. The appointment of a nonresident independent adjuster continues in force until suspended, revoked, or otherwise terminated, but is subject to biennial renewal or continuation by the licensee in accordance with s. 626.381 for licensees in general.
(d) Is trustworthy and has such business reputation as would reasonably ensure that he or she will conduct his or her business as a nonresident all-lines adjuster fairly and in good faith and without detriment to the public.
(e) Has had sufficient experience, training, or instruction concerning the adjusting of damages or losses under insurance contracts, other than life and annuity contracts; is sufficiently informed as to the terms and effects of those types of insurance contracts; and possesses adequate knowledge of the laws of this state relating to such contracts as to enable and qualify him or her to engage in the business of insurance adjuster fairly and without injury to the public or any member thereof with whom he or she may have business as an all-lines adjuster.
(2) The applicant must furnish the following with his or her application:
(a) A complete set of his or her fingerprints. The applicant’s fingerprints must be certified by an authorized law enforcement officer.
(b) If currently licensed as an all-lines adjuster in the applicant’s home state, a certificate or letter of authorization from the licensing authority of the applicant’s home state stating that the applicant holds a current license to act as an all-lines adjuster. The certificate or letter of authorization must be signed by the insurance commissioner, or his or her deputy or the appropriate licensing official, and must disclose whether the adjuster has ever had a license or eligibility to hold any license declined, denied, suspended, revoked, or placed on probation or whether an administrative fine or penalty has been levied against the adjuster and, if so, the reason for the action. Such certificate or letter is not required if the nonresident applicant’s licensing status can be verified through the Producer Database maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, its affiliates, or subsidiaries.
(c) If the applicant’s home state does not require licensure as an all-lines adjuster and the applicant has been licensed as a resident insurance adjuster, agent, broker, or other insurance representative in his or her home state or any other state within the past 3 years, a certificate or letter of authorization from the licensing authority stating that the applicant holds or has held a license to act as an insurance adjuster, agent, or other insurance representative. The certificate or letter of authorization must be signed by the insurance commissioner, or his or her deputy or the appropriate licensing official, and must disclose whether the adjuster, agent, or other insurance representative has ever had a license or eligibility to hold any license declined, denied, suspended, revoked, or placed on probation or whether an administrative fine or penalty has been levied against the adjuster and, if so, the reason for the action. Such certificate or letter is not required if the nonresident applicant’s licensing status can be verified through the Producer Database maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, its affiliates, or subsidiaries.
(3) The usual and customary records pertaining to transactions under the license of a nonresident all-lines adjuster must be retained for at least 3 years after completion of the adjustment and be made available in this state to the department upon request. The failure of a nonresident all-lines adjuster to properly maintain records and make them available to the department upon request constitutes grounds for the immediate suspension of the license issued under this section.
History.s. 58, ch. 98-199; s. 50, ch. 2001-63; s. 990, ch. 2003-261; s. 70, ch. 2004-390; s. 42, ch. 2012-209; s. 103, ch. 2013-15; s. 23, ch. 2017-175; ss. 34, 47, ch. 2018-102.
626.8736 Nonresident independent or public adjusters; service of process.
(1) Each licensed nonresident public adjuster or all-lines adjuster appointed as an independent adjuster shall appoint the Chief Financial Officer and his or her successors in office as his or her attorney to receive service of legal process issued against such adjuster in this state, upon causes of action arising within this state out of transactions under his license and appointment. Service upon the Chief Financial Officer as attorney constitutes effective legal service upon the nonresident independent or public adjuster.
(2) The appointment of the Chief Financial Officer for service of process is irrevocable as long as there could be any cause of action against the nonresident public adjuster or all-lines adjuster appointed as an independent adjuster arising out of his or her insurance transactions in this state.
(3) Duplicate copies of legal process against the nonresident public adjuster or all-lines adjuster appointed as an independent adjuster shall be served upon the Chief Financial Officer by a person competent to serve a summons.
(4) Upon receiving the service, the Chief Financial Officer shall send one of the copies of the process, by registered mail with return receipt requested, to the defendant nonresident public adjuster or all-lines adjuster appointed as an independent adjuster at his or her last address of record with the department.
(5) The Chief Financial Officer shall keep a record of the day and hour of service upon him or her of all legal process received under this section.
History.s. 59, ch. 98-199; s. 991, ch. 2003-261; s. 71, ch. 2004-390; s. 43, ch. 2012-209.
626.8737 Nonresident adjusters; retaliatory provision.When under the laws of any other state any fine, tax, penalty, license fee, deposit of money, or security or other obligation, limitation, or prohibition is imposed upon resident insurance adjusters of this state in connection with the issuance of, and activities under, a nonresident adjuster’s license under the laws of that state as to Florida resident insurance adjusters, then so long as these laws continue in force or are so administered, the same requirements, obligations, limitations, and prohibitions, of whatever kind, shall be imposed upon every insurance adjuster of that other state when doing business in this state under a nonresident adjuster’s license issued under this part.
History.s. 60, ch. 98-199.
626.8738 Penalty for violation.In addition to any other remedy imposed pursuant to this code, any person who acts as a resident or nonresident public adjuster or holds himself or herself out to be a public adjuster to adjust claims in this state, without being licensed by the department as a public adjuster and appointed as a public adjuster, commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. Each act in violation of this section constitutes a separate offense.
History.s. 61, ch. 98-199; s. 992, ch. 2003-261; s. 72, ch. 2004-390.
626.874 Catastrophe or emergency adjusters.
(1) In the event of a catastrophe or emergency, the department may issue a license, for the purposes and under the conditions and for the period of emergency as it shall determine, to persons who are residents or nonresidents of this state, who are at least 18 years of age, who are United States citizens or legal aliens who possess work authorization from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, and who are not licensed adjusters under this part but who have been designated and certified to it as qualified to act as adjusters by an authorized insurer to adjust claims, losses, or damages under policies or contracts of insurance issued by such insurers, or by the primary adjuster of an independent adjusting firm contracted with an authorized insurer to adjust claims on behalf of the insurer. The fee for the license is as provided in s. 624.501(12)(c).
(2) If any person not a licensed adjuster who has been permitted to adjust such losses, claims, or damages under the conditions and circumstances set forth in subsection (1), engages in any of the misconduct described in or contemplated by ss. 626.611 and 626.621, the department, without notice and hearing, shall be authorized to issue its order denying such person the privileges granted under this section; and thereafter it shall be unlawful for any such person to adjust any such losses, claims, or damages in this state.
History.s. 337, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 289, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 148, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 93, ch. 2002-1; s. 993, ch. 2003-261; s. 62, ch. 2003-267; s. 55, ch. 2003-281; s. 120, ch. 2004-5; s. 73, ch. 2004-390; s. 44, ch. 2012-209; s. 13, ch. 2017-147.
626.875 Office and records.
(1) Each appointed independent adjuster and licensed public adjuster must maintain a place of business in this state which is accessible to the public and keep therein the usual and customary records pertaining to transactions under the license. This provision does not prohibit maintenance of such an office in the home of the licensee.
(2) The records of the adjuster relating to a particular claim or loss shall be so retained in the adjuster’s place of business for a period of not less than 5 years after completion of the adjustment. This provision shall not be deemed to prohibit return or delivery to the insurer or insured of documents furnished to or prepared by the adjuster and required by the insurer or insured to be returned or delivered thereto.
History.s. 338, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 290, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 149, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 66, ch. 98-199; s. 45, ch. 2012-209; s. 14, ch. 2017-147.
626.876 Exclusive employment; public adjusters, all-lines adjusters.
(1) An individual licensed as a public adjuster may not be simultaneously licensed as an all-lines adjuster.
(2) An individual licensed as an all-lines adjuster and appointed as an independent adjuster, a company employee adjuster, or a public adjuster apprentice may not be simultaneously appointed, contracted, or employed as an adjuster that requires a different appointment type.
History.s. 339, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 291, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 150, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 46, ch. 2012-209; s. 15, ch. 2017-147.
626.877 Adjustments to comply with insurance contract and law.Every adjuster shall adjust or investigate every claim, damage, or loss made or occurring under an insurance contract, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the contract and of the applicable laws of this state.
History.s. 340, ch. 59-205; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 67, ch. 98-199.
626.878 Rules; code of ethics.An adjuster shall subscribe to the code of ethics specified in the rules of the department. The rules shall implement the provisions of this part and specify the terms and conditions of contracts, including a right to cancel, and require practices necessary to ensure fair dealing, prohibit conflicts of interest, and ensure preservation of the rights of the claimant to participate in the adjustment of claims.
History.s. 341, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-282; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 292, 293, 807, 810, ch. 82-243; ss. 151, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 994, ch. 2003-261; s. 63, ch. 2003-267; s. 56, ch. 2003-281; s. 74, ch. 2004-390.
626.8795 Public adjusters; prohibition of conflict of interest.A public adjuster may not participate, directly or indirectly, in the reconstruction, repair, or restoration of damaged property that is the subject of a claim adjusted by the licensee; may not engage in any other activities that may be reasonably construed as a conflict of interest, including soliciting or accepting any remuneration from, of any kind or nature, directly or indirectly; and may not have a financial interest in any salvage, repair, or any other business entity that obtains business in connection with any claim that the public adjuster has a contract or an agreement to adjust.
History.s. 7, ch. 2006-12.
626.8796 Public adjuster contracts; fraud statement.
(1) All contracts for public adjuster services must be in writing and prominently display the following statement on the contract: “Pursuant to s. 817.234, Florida Statutes, any person who, with the intent to injure, defraud, or deceive an insurer or insured, prepares, presents, or causes to be presented a proof of loss or estimate of cost or repair of damaged property in support of a claim under an insurance policy knowing that the proof of loss or estimate of claim or repairs contains false, incomplete, or misleading information concerning any fact or thing material to the claim commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, Florida Statutes.”
(2) A public adjuster contract relating to a property and casualty claim must contain the full name, permanent business address, and license number of the public adjuster; the full name of the public adjusting firm; and the insured’s full name and street address, together with a brief description of the loss. The contract must state the percentage of compensation for the public adjuster’s services; the type of claim, including an emergency claim, nonemergency claim, or supplemental claim; the signatures of the public adjuster and all named insureds; and the signature date. If all of the named insureds’ signatures are not available, the public adjuster must submit an affidavit signed by the available named insureds attesting that they have authority to enter into the contract and settle all claim issues on behalf of the named insureds. An unaltered copy of the executed contract must be remitted to the insurer within 30 days after execution. A public adjusting firm that adjusts claims primarily for commercial entities with operations in more than one state and that does not directly or indirectly perform adjusting services for insurers or individual homeowners is deemed to comply with the requirements of this subsection if, at the time a proof of loss is submitted, the public adjusting firm remits to the insurer an affidavit signed by the public adjuster or public adjuster apprentice that identifies:
(a) The full name, permanent business address, and license number of the public adjuster or public adjuster apprentice.
(b) The full name of the public adjusting firm.
(c) The insured’s full name and street address, together with a brief description of the loss.
(d) An attestation that the compensation for public adjusting services will not exceed the limitations provided by law.
(e) The type of claim, including an emergency claim, nonemergency claim, or supplemental claim.
History.s. 18, ch. 2008-220; s. 80, ch. 2009-21; s. 9, ch. 2011-39; s. 47, ch. 2012-209.
626.8797 Proof of loss; fraud statement.All proof of loss statements must prominently display the following statement: “Pursuant to s. 817.234, Florida Statutes, any person who, with the intent to injure, defraud, or deceive any insurer or insured, prepares, presents, or causes to be presented a proof of loss or estimate of cost or repair of damaged property in support of a claim under an insurance policy knowing that the proof of loss or estimate of claim or repairs contains any false, incomplete, or misleading information concerning any fact or thing material to the claim commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, Florida Statutes.”
History.s. 19, ch. 2008-220; s. 81, ch. 2009-21.
PART VII
INSURANCE ADMINISTRATORS
626.88 Definitions.
626.8805 Certificate of authority to act as administrator.
626.8809 Fidelity bond.
626.8814 Disclosure of ownership or affiliation.
626.8817 Responsibilities of insurance company with respect to administration of coverage insured.
626.882 Agreement between administrator and insurer; required provisions; maintenance of records.
626.883 Administrator as intermediary; collections held in fiduciary capacity; establishment of account; disbursement; payments on behalf of insurer.
626.884 Maintenance of records by administrator; access; confidentiality.
626.885 Notice; statement of charge or premium for coverage.
626.886 Delivery of insurer’s written communications to policyholders.
626.887 Advertising; approval by insurer.
626.888 Adjustment or settlement of claims; compensation of administrator.
626.89 Annual financial statement and filing fee; notice of change of ownership.
626.891 Grounds for suspension or revocation of certificate of authority.
626.892 Order of suspension or revocation of certificate of authority; notice.
626.893 Period of suspension; obligations during suspension; reinstatement.
626.894 Administrative fine in lieu of suspension or revocation.
626.895 Definition of “service company” or “service agent.”
626.896 Servicing requirements for self-insurers and multiple-employer welfare arrangements.
626.897 Application for authorization to act as service company; bond.
626.898 Requirements for retaining authorization as service company; recertification.
626.899 Withdrawal of authorization as service company.
626.8991 Adoption of rules.
626.88 Definitions.For the purposes of this part, the term:
(1) “Administrator” is any person who directly or indirectly solicits or effects coverage of, collects charges or premiums from, or adjusts or settles claims on residents of this state in connection with authorized commercial self-insurance funds or with insured or self-insured programs which provide life or health insurance coverage or coverage of any other expenses described in s. 624.33(1) or any person who, through a health care risk contract as defined in s. 641.234 with an insurer or health maintenance organization, provides billing and collection services to health insurers and health maintenance organizations on behalf of health care providers, other than any of the following persons:
(a) An employer or wholly owned direct or indirect subsidiary of an employer, on behalf of such employer’s employees or the employees of one or more subsidiary or affiliated corporations of such employer.
(b) A union on behalf of its members.
(c) An insurance company which is either authorized to transact insurance in this state or is acting as an insurer with respect to a policy lawfully issued and delivered by such company in and pursuant to the laws of a state in which the insurer was authorized to transact an insurance business.
(d) A health care services plan, health maintenance organization, professional service plan corporation, or person in the business of providing continuing care, possessing a valid certificate of authority issued by the office, and the sales representatives thereof, if the activities of such entity are limited to the activities permitted under the certificate of authority.
(e) An entity that is affiliated with an insurer and that only performs the contractual duties, between the administrator and the insurer, of an administrator for the direct and assumed insurance business of the affiliated insurer. The insurer is responsible for the acts of the administrator and is responsible for providing all of the administrator’s books and records to the insurance commissioner, upon a request from the insurance commissioner. For purposes of this paragraph, the term “insurer” means a licensed insurance company, health maintenance organization, prepaid limited health service organization, or prepaid health clinic.
(f) A nonresident entity licensed in its state of domicile as an administrator if its duties in this state are limited to the administration of a group policy or plan of insurance and no more than a total of 100 lives for all plans reside in this state.
(g) An insurance agent licensed in this state whose activities are limited exclusively to the sale of insurance.
(h) A person appointed as a managing general agent in this state, whose activities are limited exclusively to the scope of activities conveyed under such appointment.
(i) An adjuster licensed in this state whose activities are limited to the adjustment of claims.
(j) A creditor on behalf of such creditor’s debtors with respect to insurance covering a debt between the creditor and its debtors.
(k) A trust and its trustees, agents, and employees acting pursuant to such trust established in conformity with 29 U.S.C. s. 186.
(l) A trust exempt from taxation under s. 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, a trust satisfying the requirements of ss. 624.438 and 624.439, or any governmental trust as defined in s. 624.33(3), and the trustees and employees acting pursuant to such trust, or a custodian and its agents and employees, including individuals representing the trustees in overseeing the activities of a service company or administrator, acting pursuant to a custodial account which meets the requirements of s. 401(f) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(m) A financial institution which is subject to supervision or examination by federal or state authorities or a mortgage lender licensed under chapter 494 who collects and remits premiums to licensed insurance agents or authorized insurers concurrently or in connection with mortgage loan payments.
(n) A credit card issuing company which advances for and collects premiums or charges from its credit card holders who have authorized such collection if such company does not adjust or settle claims.
(o) A person who adjusts or settles claims in the normal course of such person’s practice or employment as an attorney at law and who does not collect charges or premiums in connection with life or health insurance coverage.
(p) A person approved by the department who administers only self-insured workers’ compensation plans.
(q) A service company or service agent and its employees, authorized in accordance with ss. 626.895-626.899, serving only a single employer plan, multiple-employer welfare arrangements, or a combination thereof.
(r) Any provider or group practice, as defined in s. 456.053, providing services under the scope of the license of the provider or the member of the group practice.
(s) Any hospital providing billing, claims, and collection services solely on its own and its physicians’ behalf and providing services under the scope of its license.
(t) A corporation not for profit whose membership consists entirely of local governmental units authorized to enter into risk management consortiums under s. 112.08.

A person who provides billing and collection services to health insurers and health maintenance organizations on behalf of health care providers shall comply with the provisions of ss. 627.6131, 641.3155, and 641.51(4).

(2) “Affiliate” or “affiliated” means an entity or person who directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a specified entity or person.
(3) “Control,” including the terms “controlling,” “controlled by,” and “under common control with,” means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership or voting securities, by contract other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, or otherwise, unless the power is the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. Control shall be presumed to exist if any person directly or indirectly owns, controls, holds with the power to vote, or holds proxies representing 10 percent or more of the voting securities of any other person.
(4) “GAAP” means United States generally accepted accounting principles consistently applied.
(5) “Insurer” includes an authorized commercial self-insurance fund and includes any person undertaking to provide life or health insurance coverage or coverage of any of the other expenses described in s. 624.33(1).
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; s. 27, ch. 88-166; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 184, ch. 91-108; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 65, ch. 2002-194; s. 4, ch. 2002-389; s. 995, ch. 2003-261; s. 1, ch. 2005-182; s. 5, ch. 2016-194; s. 35, ch. 2018-102.
626.8805 Certificate of authority to act as administrator.
(1) It is unlawful for any person to act as or hold himself or herself out to be an administrator in this state without a valid certificate of authority issued by the office pursuant to ss. 626.88-626.894. To qualify for and hold authority to act as an administrator in this state, an administrator must otherwise be in compliance with this code and with its organizational agreement. The failure of any person to hold such a certificate while acting as an administrator shall subject such person to a fine of not less than $5,000 or more than $10,000 for each violation.
(2) The administrator shall file with the office an application for a certificate of authority upon a form to be adopted by the commission and furnished by the office, which application shall include or have attached the following information and documents:
(a) All basic organizational documents of the administrator, such as the articles of incorporation, articles of association, partnership agreement, trade name certificate, trust agreement, shareholder agreement, and other applicable documents, and all amendments to those documents.
(b) The bylaws, rules, and regulations or similar documents regulating the conduct or the internal affairs of the administrator.
(c) The names, addresses, official positions, and professional qualifications of the individuals employed or retained by the administrator who are responsible for the conduct of the affairs of the administrator, including all members of the board of directors, board of trustees, executive committee, or other governing board or committee, and the principal officers in the case of a corporation or the partners or members in the case of a partnership or association of the administrator.
(d) Audited annual financial statements for the 2 most recent fiscal years which prove that the applicant has a positive net worth. If the applicant has been in existence for less than 2 fiscal years, the application must include financial statements or reports, certified by an officer of the applicant and prepared in accordance with GAAP, for any completed fiscal years and for any month during the current fiscal year for which such financial statements or reports have been completed. An audited financial statement or report prepared on a consolidated basis must include a columnar consolidating or combining worksheet that shall be filed with the report and must comply with the following:
1. Amounts shown on the consolidated audited financial report must be shown on the worksheet;
2. Amounts for each entity shall be stated separately; and
3. Explanations of consolidating and eliminating entries.

The applicant shall also include such other information as the office requires in order to review the current financial condition of the applicant.

(e) A statement describing the business plan, including information on staffing levels and activities proposed in this state and nationwide. The plan must provide details setting forth the applicant’s capability for providing a sufficient number of experienced and qualified personnel in the areas of claims processing, recordkeeping, and underwriting.
(f) If the applicant is not currently acting as an administrator, a statement of the amounts and sources of the funds available for organization expenses and the proposed arrangements for reimbursement and compensation of incorporators or other principals.
(3) The applicant shall make available for inspection by the office copies of all contracts relating to services provided by the administrator to insurers or other persons using the services of the administrator.
(4) The office shall not issue a certificate of authority if it determines that the administrator or any principal thereof is not competent, trustworthy, financially responsible, or of good personal and business reputation or has had an insurance license denied for cause by any state.
(5) A certificate of authority issued under this section shall remain valid, unless suspended or revoked by the office, so long as the certificateholder continues in business in this state.
(6) A certificate of authority issued under this section shall indicate that the administrator is authorized to administer commercial self-insurance funds or life and health programs or both, except that a certificate of authority issued prior to October 1, 1988, does not authorize the administration of commercial self-insurance funds.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; s. 28, ch. 88-166; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 293, ch. 97-102; s. 996, ch. 2003-261; s. 2, ch. 2005-182; s. 1, ch. 2014-103.
626.8809 Fidelity bond.An administrator shall have and keep in full force and effect a fidelity bond equal to at least 10 percent of the amount of the funds handled or managed annually by the administrator. However, the office may not require a bond greater than $500,000 unless the office, after due notice to all interested parties and opportunity for hearing and after consideration of the record, requires an amount in excess of $500,000 but not more than 10 percent of the amount of the funds handled or managed annually by the administrator.
History.ss. 29, 64, ch. 88-166; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 997, ch. 2003-261.
626.8814 Disclosure of ownership or affiliation.Each administrator shall identify to the office any ownership interest or affiliation of any kind with any insurance company responsible for providing benefits directly or through reinsurance to any plan for which the administrator provides administrative services.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 998, ch. 2003-261.
626.8817 Responsibilities of insurance company with respect to administration of coverage insured.
(1) If an insurer uses the services of an administrator, the insurer is responsible for determining the benefits, premium rates, underwriting criteria, and claims payment procedures applicable to the coverage and for securing reinsurance, if any. The rules pertaining to these matters shall be provided, in writing, by the insurer or its designee to the administrator. The responsibilities of the administrator as to any of these matters shall be set forth in a written agreement binding upon the administrator and the insurer.
(2) It is the sole responsibility of the insurer to provide for competent administration of its programs.
(3) If an administrator administers benefits for more than 100 certificateholders on behalf of an insurer, the insurer shall, at least semiannually, conduct a review of the operations of the administrator. At least one such review must be an onsite audit of the operations of the administrator. The insurer may contract with a qualified third party to conduct such review.
(4) For purposes of this section, the term “insurer” means a licensed insurance company, health maintenance organization, prepaid limited health service organization, or prepaid health clinic.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 3, ch. 2005-182; s. 2, ch. 2014-103.
626.882 Agreement between administrator and insurer; required provisions; maintenance of records.
(1) A person may not act as an administrator without a written agreement, as required under s. 626.8817, which specifies the rights, duties, and obligations of the administrator and insurer.
(2)(a) The written agreement shall contain provisions which include the requirements of ss. 626.883-626.888, except as those requirements do not apply to the functions performed by the administrator.
(b) The written agreement shall contain a provision with respect to the underwriting or other standards pertaining to business underwritten by the insurer.
(3) Such written agreement shall be retained as part of the official records of both the administrator and the insurer for the duration of the agreement and for 5 years thereafter.
(4) If a policy is issued to a trustee or trustees, a copy of the trust agreement and any amendments to that agreement shall be furnished to the insurer or its designee by the administrator and shall be retained as part of the official records of both the administrator and the insurer for the duration of the policy and for 5 years thereafter.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 3, ch. 2014-103.
626.883 Administrator as intermediary; collections held in fiduciary capacity; establishment of account; disbursement; payments on behalf of insurer.
(1) If an insurer utilizes the services of an administrator under the terms of a written agreement, the payment to the administrator of any premiums or charges for insurance by or on behalf of the insured shall be deemed to have been received by the insurer, and return premiums or claim payments forwarded by the insurer to the administrator shall not be deemed to have been paid to the insured or claimant until such payments are received by the insured or claimant. Nothing in this part limits any right of the insurer against the administrator resulting from the failure of the administrator to make payments to the insurer, insureds, or claimants.
(2) All insurance charges or premiums collected by an administrator on behalf of or for an insurer or insurers, and return premiums received from such insurer or insurers, shall be held by the administrator in a fiduciary capacity. Such funds shall be immediately remitted to the person or persons entitled to them or shall be deposited promptly in a fiduciary account established and maintained by the administrator in a financial institution.
(3) If charges or premiums deposited in a fiduciary account have been collected on behalf of or for more than one insurer, the administrator shall keep records clearly recording the deposits in and withdrawals from such account on behalf of or for each insurer. The administrator shall, upon request of an insurer or its designee, furnish such insurer or designee with copies of records pertaining to deposits and withdrawals on behalf of or for such insurer.
(4) The administrator may not pay any claim by withdrawals from a fiduciary account. Withdrawals from such account shall be made as provided in the written agreement required under ss. 626.8817 and 626.882 for any of the following:
(a) Remittance to an insurer entitled to such remittance.
(b) Deposit in an account maintained in the name of such insurer.
(c) Transfer to and deposit in a claims-paying account, with claims to be paid as provided by such insurer.
(d) Payment to a group policyholder for remittance to the insurer entitled to such remittance.
(e) Payment to the administrator of the commission, fees, or charges of the administrator.
(f) Remittance of return premium to the person or persons entitled to such premium.
(5) All claims paid by the administrator from funds collected on behalf of the insurer shall be paid only on drafts of, and as authorized by, such insurer or its designee.
(6) All payments to a health care provider by a fiscal intermediary for noncapitated providers must include an explanation of services being reimbursed which includes, at a minimum, the patient’s name, the date of service, the procedure code, the amount of reimbursement, and the identification of the plan on whose behalf the payment is being made. For capitated providers, the statement of services must include the number of patients covered by the contract, the rate per patient, the total amount of the payment, and the identification of the plan on whose behalf the payment is being made.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 2, ch. 99-275; s. 173, ch. 99-397; s. 4, ch. 2014-103.
626.884 Maintenance of records by administrator; access; confidentiality.
(1) Every administrator shall maintain in such administrator’s principal administrative office for the duration of the written agreement and for 5 years thereafter adequate books and records of all transactions among such administrator, insurers, and insured persons. Such books and records shall be maintained in accordance with prudent standards of insurance recordkeeping.
(2) The office shall have access to books and records maintained by the administrator for the purpose of examination, audit, and inspection. Information contained in such books and records is confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1) if the disclosure of such information would reveal a trade secret as defined in s. 688.002. However, the office may use such information in any proceeding instituted against the administrator.
(3) The insurer shall retain the right of continuing access to books and records maintained by the administrator sufficient to permit the insurer to fulfill all of its contractual obligations to insured persons, subject to any restrictions in the written agreement pertaining to the proprietary rights of the parties in such books and records.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 8, ch. 93-80; s. 376, ch. 96-406; s. 999, ch. 2003-261; s. 5, ch. 2014-103.
626.885 Notice; statement of charge or premium for coverage.
(1) When the services of an administrator are utilized, the administrator shall provide a written notice approved by the insurer to insured individuals advising them of the identity of, and relationship among, the administrator, the policyholder, and the insurer.
(2) When an administrator collects funds, the administrator shall identify and state separately in writing, to the person paying to the administrator any charge or premium for coverage, the amount of any such charge or premium specified by the insurer for such coverage.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.886 Delivery of insurer’s written communications to policyholders.Any policies, certificates, booklets, termination notices, or other written communications delivered by the insurer to the administrator for delivery to its policyholders shall be delivered by the administrator promptly after receipt of instructions from the insurer to deliver them.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.887 Advertising; approval by insurer.An administrator may use only such advertising pertaining to the business underwritten by an insurer as has been approved in writing by such insurer in advance of its use.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.888 Adjustment or settlement of claims; compensation of administrator.Compensation to an administrator for any policies in which the administrator adjusts or settles claims shall in no way be contingent on claims experience. This section does not prevent the compensation of an administrator from being based on premiums or charges collected or the number of claims paid or processed.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.89 Annual financial statement and filing fee; notice of change of ownership.
(1) Each authorized administrator shall annually file with the office a full and true statement of its financial condition, transactions, and affairs within 3 months after the end of the administrator’s fiscal year or within such extension of time as the office for good cause may have granted. The statement must be for the preceding fiscal year and must be in such form and contain such matters as the commission prescribes and must be verified by at least two officers of the administrator.
(2) Each authorized administrator shall also file an audited financial statement performed by an independent certified public accountant. The audited financial statement shall be filed with the office within 5 months after the end of the administrator’s fiscal year and be for the preceding fiscal year. An audited financial statement prepared on a consolidated basis must include a columnar consolidating or combining worksheet that must be filed with the statement and must comply with the following:
(a) Amounts shown on the consolidated audited financial statement must be shown on the worksheet;
(b) Amounts for each entity must be stated separately; and
(c) Explanations of consolidating and eliminating entries must be included.
(3) At the time of filing its annual statement, the administrator shall pay a filing fee in the amount specified in s. 624.501 for the filing of an annual statement by an insurer.
(4) In addition, the administrator shall immediately notify the office of any material change in its ownership.
(5) The commission may by rule require all or part of the statements or filings required under this section to be submitted by electronic means in a computer-readable form compatible with the electronic data format specified by the commission.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1000, ch. 2003-261; s. 4, ch. 2005-182; s. 1, ch. 2007-148; s. 3, ch. 2009-116; s. 6, ch. 2014-103.
626.891 Grounds for suspension or revocation of certificate of authority.
(1) The certificate of authority of an administrator shall be suspended or revoked if the office determines that the administrator:
(a) Is in an unsound financial condition;
(b) Has used or is using such methods or practices in the conduct of its business so as to render its further transaction of business in this state hazardous or injurious to insured persons or the public; or
(c) Has failed to pay any judgment rendered against it in this state within 60 days after the judgment has become final.
(2) The office may, in its discretion, suspend or revoke the certificate of authority of an administrator if it finds that the administrator:
(a) Has violated any lawful rule or order of the commission or office or any provision of this chapter;
(b) Has refused to be examined or to produce its accounts, records, and files for examination, or if any of its officers has refused to give information with respect to its affairs or has refused to perform any other legal obligation as to such examination, when required by the office;
(c) Has, without just cause, refused to pay proper claims or perform services arising under its contracts or has, without just cause, compelled insured persons to accept less than the amount due them or to employ attorneys or bring suit against the administrator to secure full payment or settlement of such claims;
(d) Is or was affiliated with and under the same general management or interlocking directorate or ownership as another administrator which transacts business in this state without having a certificate of authority;
(e) At any time fails to meet any qualification for which issuance of the certificate could have been refused had such failure then existed and been known to the office;
(f) Has been convicted of, or has entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to, a felony relating to the business of insurance or insurance administration in this state or in any other state without regard to whether adjudication was withheld; or
(g) Is under suspension or revocation in another state.
(3) The office may, pursuant to s. 120.60, in its discretion and without advance notice or hearing thereon, immediately suspend the certificate of any administrator if it finds that one or more of the following circumstances exist:
(a) The administrator is insolvent or impaired.
(b) The fidelity bond required by s. 626.8809 is not maintained.
(c) A proceeding for receivership, conservatorship, rehabilitation, or other delinquency proceeding regarding the administrator has been commenced in any state.
(d) The financial condition or business practices of the administrator otherwise pose an imminent threat to the public health, safety, or welfare of the residents of this state.
(4) The violation of this part by any insurer shall be a ground for suspension or revocation of the certificate of authority of that insurer in this state.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; s. 30, ch. 88-166; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 28, ch. 92-146; s. 1001, ch. 2003-261.
626.892 Order of suspension or revocation of certificate of authority; notice.
(1) The suspension or revocation of a certificate of authority of an administrator shall be effected by order of the office mailed to the administrator by registered or certified mail.
(2) In its discretion, the office may cause notice of any such revocation or suspension to be published in one or more newspapers of general circulation published in this state.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; s. 11, ch. 85-62; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1002, ch. 2003-261.
626.893 Period of suspension; obligations during suspension; reinstatement.
(1) A certificate of authority of an administrator shall be suspended for such period, not to exceed 1 year, as is fixed in the order of suspension, unless such suspension or the order upon which the suspension is based is modified, rescinded, or reversed.
(2) During the period of suspension, the administrator shall file its annual statement and pay fees as required under this part as if the certificate had continued in full force.
(3) Upon expiration of the suspension period, if within such period the certificate has not otherwise terminated, the certificate shall automatically be reinstated, unless the causes of the suspension have not been removed or the administrator is otherwise not in compliance with the requirements of this part.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.894 Administrative fine in lieu of suspension or revocation.
(1) If the office finds that one or more grounds exist for the suspension or revocation of a certificate of authority issued under this part, the office may, in lieu of such suspension or revocation, impose a fine upon the administrator.
(2) With respect to any nonwillful violation, such fine may not exceed $1,000 per violation. In no event may such fine exceed an aggregate amount of $5,000 for all nonwillful violations arising out of the same action. When an administrator discovers a nonwillful violation, the administrator shall correct the violation and, if restitution is due, the restitution shall include interest at the rate of 12 percent per year from either the date of the violation or the date of inception of the policy of the affected person, at the option of the administrator. The restitution may be a credit against future premiums due, provided that the interest shall accumulate until the premiums are due. If the amount of restitution due to any person is $50 or more, and the administrator wishes to credit it against future premiums, the administrator shall notify such person that he or she may receive a check instead of a credit. If the credit is on a policy which is not renewed, the administrator shall pay the restitution to the person to whom it is due.
(3) With respect to any knowing and willful violation of a lawful order or rule of the office or commission or a provision of this part, the office may impose a fine upon the administrator in an amount not to exceed $5,000 for each such violation. In no event may such fine exceed an aggregate amount of $25,000 for all knowing and willful violations arising out of the same action. In addition to such fine, the administrator shall make restitution when due in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2).
(4) The failure of an administrator to make restitution when due as required under this section constitutes a willful violation of this part. However, if an administrator in good faith is uncertain as to whether any restitution is due or as to the amount of restitution due, it shall promptly notify the office of the circumstances; and the failure to make restitution pending a determination of whether restitution is due or the amount of restitution due will not constitute a violation of this part.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; s. 12, ch. 85-62; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 294, ch. 97-102; s. 1003, ch. 2003-261.
626.895 Definition of “service company” or “service agent.”For the purpose of this part, a “service company” is any business entity which has met all the requirements of ss. 626.895-626.899, which does not control funds, and which has obtained office approval to contract with self-insurers or multiple-employer welfare arrangements for the purpose of providing all or any part of the services necessary to establish and maintain a multiple-employer welfare arrangement as defined in s. 624.437(1). The term “service agent” is synonymous with the term “service company” as used in this part.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1004, ch. 2003-261.
626.896 Servicing requirements for self-insurers and multiple-employer welfare arrangements.
(1) Each individual self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement is required to provide proof of compliance with the provisions of this section regarding servicing requirements.
(2) It is the sole responsibility of each individual self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement to provide for competent persons to service its program in the areas of claims adjusting and underwriting. If the individual self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement is unable or unwilling to provide any or all of these services through the use of its own employees, it shall contract with outside companies which have the necessary qualifications to provide these services.
(3) It is the responsibility of the self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement to notify the office within 90 days of changing its method of fulfilling its servicing requirements from those which were previously filed with the office.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1005, ch. 2003-261.
626.897 Application for authorization to act as service company; bond.
(1) An application by any business for approval to provide underwriting and claims adjusting services to self-insurers or multiple-employer welfare arrangements shall be made on appropriate forms. Applications shall be approved pursuant to s. 120.60.
(2) Any business desiring to act as a service company for individual self-insurers or multiple-employer welfare arrangements shall be approved by the office. Any business acting as a service company prior to October 1, 1983, will be approved as a service company upon complying with the filing requirements of this section and s. 626.898. The failure of any person to obtain such approval while acting as a service company shall subject such person to a fine of not less than $5,000 or more than $10,000 for each violation.
(3) Any business making application to qualify as a service company shall provide proof that it meets the following conditions before approval may be granted:
(a) The owners of the business, including members of a copartnership, the officers of a corporation, and any person exercising control or influence over the affairs of the service company, must not have been convicted of felonies or of crimes involving fraud, embezzlement, or theft or have been materially responsible for the insolvency of any self-funded plan.
(b) The business must have a sufficient number of experienced and qualified claims personnel employed full time to meet the needs of all self-insurers or multiple-employer welfare arrangements with which it intends to contract.
(c) The business must have a sufficient number of experienced and qualified personnel employed full time in the area of underwriting to meet the needs of all self-insurers or multiple-employer welfare arrangements with which it intends to contract. In this context, the term “underwriting” includes, but is not limited to, the overall planning and coordinating of a self-insurance program or a multiple-employer welfare arrangement, the ability to procure bonds and excess insurance, the ability to provide summary data regarding the cost to the self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement of providing benefits, including the frequency and distribution by type and cause, and the skill to make recommendations to individual self-insurers and multiple-employer welfare arrangements regarding the correction of any deficiencies that arise in the self-insurance programs.
(4) In support of its application, the business shall submit summary information concerning its organization and staff sufficient to establish fulfillment of the requirements of this section.
(5) Any service company which seeks authorization must certify that it has the recordkeeping capabilities specified before any authorization may be granted.
(6) Any business applying to be a service company which business is owned by or affiliated with an authorized insurance company may provide proof of its ability to deliver claims adjusting and underwriting services by certifying that employees of the service company or employees of the affiliated insurance company will deliver such services.
(7) The service company shall have and keep in full force and effect a fidelity bond equal to 10 percent of the claims processed annually and coverage for errors and omissions in an equal amount not to exceed $250,000 for each.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; s. 13, ch. 85-62; ss. 152, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1006, ch. 2003-261.
626.898 Requirements for retaining authorization as service company; recertification.
(1) No person may act as a service company without a written agreement between such person as service company and a self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement. Such written agreement shall be retained as part of the official records of each party for the duration of the agreement and for 5 years thereafter.
(2) Each service company shall file, within 30 days of entering into a contract for servicing, either a copy of its service contract or a certification attesting to the fact that the service company has provided sufficient services to fulfill the conditions specified in this act. Such certification shall be made on forms provided.
(3)(a) Each service company shall maintain at one or more locations within this state copies of all contracts with each self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement that it services and records relating thereto which are sufficient in type and quantity to verify the accuracy and completeness of all reports and documents submitted to the office pursuant to this part. In the event that the service company has its records distributed in multiple locations, it shall inform the office as to the location of each type of record, as well as the location of specific records for the self-insurers or multiple-employer welfare arrangements it services.
(b) These records shall be open to inspection by representatives of the office during regular business hours. All records shall be retained according to the schedule adopted by the commission for similar documents. The location of these records shall be made known to the office as necessary.
(4) The self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement shall have the right of continuing access to books and records maintained by the service company sufficient to permit the self-insurer or arrangement to fulfill all of its contractual obligations to covered employees, subject to any restrictions in the written agreement between the self-insurer or arrangement and the service company with respect to the proprietary rights of the parties in such books and records.
(5) A service company may use only such advertising pertaining to a self-insured plan as has been approved in writing by an individual self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement.
(6) Any policies, certificates, booklets, termination notices, or other written communications delivered by any self-insurer to the service company for delivery to participants shall be delivered by the service company promptly after receipt of instructions from the self-insurer to deliver them.
(7) As to the servicing of coverage, the self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement, not the service company, is responsible for determining the benefits, rates, underwriting criteria, and claims payment procedures.
(8) The service company shall disclose to the self-insurer or multiple-employer welfare arrangement all charges, fees, and commissions received from all services in connection with the provision of administrative services for such self-insurer or arrangement, including any fees or commissions paid by insurers providing reinsurance.
(9) Compensation to a service company for claims adjustment or settlement shall in no way be contingent on claims experience. This section does not prevent the compensation of a service company from being based on premiums or charges collected or the number of claims paid or processed.
(10) Each service company shall identify to the office any ownership interest or affiliation of any kind with any insurance company responsible directly or through reinsurance for providing benefits to any plan for which it provides services.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1007, ch. 2003-261.
626.899 Withdrawal of authorization as service company.The failure to comply with any provision of ss. 626.895-626.899 or with any rule or any order of the commission or office within the time prescribed shall be considered good cause for withdrawal of the certificate of approval. The office shall by registered or certified mail give to the service company prior written notice of such withdrawal. The service company shall have 30 days from the date of mailing to request a hearing. The failure to request a hearing within the time prescribed shall result in the withdrawal becoming effective 45 days from the date of mailing of the original notice. In no event shall the withdrawal of the certificate of approval be effective prior to the date upon which a hearing, if requested, is scheduled. Copies of such notice of withdrawal of a certificate of approval shall be furnished by the office to each self-funded program serviced.
History.s. 4, ch. 83-203; s. 3, ch. 84-94; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1008, ch. 2003-261.
626.8991 Adoption of rules.The commission may adopt rules necessary to administer this part.
History.s. 5, ch. 2005-182.
PART VIII
UNAUTHORIZED INSURERS AND
SURPLUS LINES
626.901 Representing or aiding unauthorized insurer prohibited.
626.902 Penalty for representing unauthorized insurer.
626.903 Suits by unauthorized insurers prohibited.
626.904 Unauthorized Insurers Process Law; short title; interpretation.
626.905 Purpose of Unauthorized Insurers Process Law.
626.906 Acts constituting Chief Financial Officer as process agent.
626.907 Service of process; judgment by default.
626.908 Defense of action by unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer; damages and attorney fee.
626.909 Jurisdiction of office and department; service of process on Secretary of State.
626.910 Penalty for violation by unauthorized insurers and persons representing or aiding such insurers.
626.911 Attorney’s fee.
626.912 Exemptions from ss. 626.904-626.911.
626.913 Surplus Lines Law; short title; purposes.
626.914 Definitions.
626.915 Surplus lines insurance authorized.
626.916 Eligibility for export.
626.917 Eligibility for export; wet marine and transportation, aviation risks.
626.918 Eligible surplus lines insurers.
626.9181 Levy upon deposit.
626.919 Withdrawal of eligibility; surplus lines insurer.
626.9201 Notice of cancellation or nonrenewal.
626.921 Florida Surplus Lines Service Office.
626.922 Evidence of the insurance; changes; penalty.
626.923 Filing copy of policy or certificate.
626.924 Information required on contract.
626.925 Surplus lines insurance valid.
626.926 Liability of insurer as to losses and unearned premiums.
626.927 Licensing of surplus lines agent.
626.9271 Temporary license; death, disability, absence of surplus lines agent.
626.9272 Licensing of nonresident surplus lines agents.
626.929 Origination, acceptance, placement of surplus lines business.
626.9295 Corporations, liability of agent.
626.930 Records of surplus lines agent.
626.931 Agent affidavit and insurer reporting requirements.
626.932 Surplus lines tax.
626.9325 Service fee.
626.933 Collection of tax and service fee.
626.934 Accounting for funds; contingent commissions.
626.935 Suspension, revocation, or refusal of surplus lines agent’s license.
626.936 Failure to file reports or pay tax or service fee; administrative penalty.
626.9361 Failure to file report; administrative penalty.
626.9362 Cooperative reciprocal agreement authorized for collection and allocation of certain nonadmitted insurance taxes.
626.937 Actions against insurer; service of process.
626.9371 Payment of premiums and claims.
626.9372 Disclosure statement of certain information required; liability claims.
626.9373 Attorney’s fees.
626.9374 Liability of insureds; deductible and coinsurance.
626.938 Report and tax of independently procured coverages.
626.939 Records produced on order.
626.901 Representing or aiding unauthorized insurer prohibited.
(1) No person shall, from offices or by personnel or facilities located in this state, or in any other state or country, directly or indirectly act as agent for, or otherwise represent or aid on behalf of another, any insurer not then authorized to transact such insurance in this state in:
(a) The solicitation, negotiation, procurement, or effectuation of insurance or annuity contracts, or renewals thereof;
(b) The dissemination of information as to coverage or rates;
(c) The forwarding of applications;
(d) The delivery of policies or contracts;
(e) The inspection of risks;
(f) The fixing of rates;
(g) The investigation or adjustment of claims or losses; or
(h) The collection or forwarding of premiums;

or in any other manner represent or assist such an insurer in the transaction of insurance with respect to subjects of insurance resident, located, or to be performed in this state. If the property or risk is located in any other state, then, subject to the provisions of subsection (4), insurance may only be written with or placed in an insurer authorized to do such business in such state or in an insurer with which a licensed insurance broker of such state may lawfully place such insurance.

(2) If an unauthorized insurer fails to pay in full or in part any claim or loss within the provisions of any insurance contract which is entered into in violation of this section, any person who knew or reasonably should have known that such contract was entered into in violation of this section and who solicited, negotiated, took application for, or effectuated such insurance contract is liable to the insured for the full amount of the claim or loss not paid.
(3) No insurance contract entered into in violation of this section shall be deemed to have been rendered invalid thereby.
(4) This section does not apply to:
(a) Matters authorized to be done by the office under the Unauthorized Insurers Process Law, ss. 626.904-626.912.
(b) Surplus lines insurance when written pursuant to the Surplus Lines Law, ss. 626.913-626.937.
(c) Transactions as to which a certificate of authority is not required of an insurer, as stated in s. 624.402.
(d) Independently procured coverage written pursuant to s. 626.938 which is not solicited, marketed, negotiated, or sold in this state.
(5) The office or department may, pursuant to s. 120.569 and in its discretion, issue an immediate final order to cease and desist to any person or entity that violates this section. The Legislature finds that a violation of this section constitutes an imminent and immediate threat to the health, safety, and welfare of the residents of this state.
(6) The office may investigate the accounts, records, documents, and transactions pertaining to the activities of any unauthorized insurer or person, as defined in s. 624.04, which is or may be aiding or representing an unauthorized insurer.
History.s. 342, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 71-18; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 294, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 17, ch. 89-360; ss. 153, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1009, ch. 2003-261; s. 1, ch. 2005-144.
626.902 Penalty for representing unauthorized insurer.
(1) In addition to any other penalties provided in the insurance code:
(a) Any insurance agent licensed in this state who in this state knowingly represents or aids an unauthorized insurer in violation of s. 626.901 commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(b) Any person other than an insurance agent licensed in this state who in this state represents or aids an unauthorized insurer in violation of s. 626.901 commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(c) Any person who commits a subsequent violation of this section commits a felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(2) In addition to the penalties provided for in subsection (1), such violator shall be liable, personally, jointly and severally with any other person or persons liable therefor, for payment of taxes payable on account of such insurance under s. 626.938.
(3) This section does not apply to actions of a person who is assisting the office at its direction in the administration of its responsibilities under ss. 626.904-626.912, the Unauthorized Insurers Process Law.
History.s. 343, ch. 59-205; s. 643, ch. 71-136; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 4, ch. 95-340; s. 39, ch. 2002-206; s. 2, ch. 2005-144.
626.903 Suits by unauthorized insurers prohibited.As to transactions not permitted under s. 624.402, no unauthorized insurer shall institute, file, or maintain, or cause to be instituted, filed, or maintained, any suit, action, or proceeding in this state to enforce any right, claim, or demand arising out of any insurance transaction in this state.
History.s. 344, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.904 Unauthorized Insurers Process Law; short title; interpretation.
(1) Sections 626.904-626.912 may be cited as the “Unauthorized Insurers Process Law.”
(2) Such law shall be so interpreted as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
History.s. 345, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.905 Purpose of Unauthorized Insurers Process Law.The purpose of the Unauthorized Insurers Process Law is to subject certain insurers and persons representing or aiding such insurers to the jurisdiction of courts of this state in suits by or on behalf of insureds or beneficiaries under insurance contracts. The Legislature declares that it is a subject of concern that many residents of this state hold policies of insurance issued or delivered in the state by insurers while not authorized to do business in this state, thus presenting to such residents the often insuperable obstacle of resorting to distant forums for the purpose of asserting legal rights under such policies. In furtherance of such state interest, the Legislature herein provides a method of substituted service of process upon unauthorized insurers and persons representing or aiding such insurers, and declares that in so doing it exercises its power to protect its residents and to define, for the purpose of this chapter, what constitutes doing business in this state, and also exercises powers and privileges available to the state by virtue of Pub. L. No. 15, 79th Congress of the United States, chapter 20, 1st session, s. 340, as amended, which declares that the business of insurance and every person engaged therein shall be subject to the laws of the several states.
History.s. 346, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 154, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.906 Acts constituting Chief Financial Officer as process agent.Any of the following acts in this state, effected by mail or otherwise, by an unauthorized foreign insurer, alien insurer, or person representing or aiding such an insurer is equivalent to and shall constitute an appointment by such insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer of the Chief Financial Officer to be its true and lawful attorney, upon whom may be served all lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of an insured or beneficiary, arising out of any such contract of insurance; and any such act shall be signification of the insurer’s or person’s agreement that such service of process is of the same legal force and validity as personal service of process in this state upon such insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer:
(1) The issuance or delivery of contracts of insurance to residents of this state or to corporations authorized to do business therein;
(2) The solicitation of applications for such contracts;
(3) The collection of premiums, membership fees, assessments, or other considerations for such contracts; or
(4) Any other transaction of insurance.
History.s. 347, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 155, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 295, ch. 97-102; s. 1010, ch. 2003-261.
626.907 Service of process; judgment by default.
(1) Service of process upon an insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer pursuant to s. 626.906 shall be made by delivering to and leaving with the Chief Financial Officer, his or her assistant or deputy, or another person in charge of the office two copies thereof and the service of process fee as required in s. 624.502. The Chief Financial Officer shall forthwith mail by registered mail, commercial carrier, or any verifiable means one of the copies of such process to the defendant at the defendant’s last known principal place of business as provided by the party submitting the documents and shall keep a record of all process so served upon him or her. The service of process is sufficient, provided notice of such service and a copy of the process are sent within 10 days thereafter by registered mail by plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney to the defendant at the defendant’s last known principal place of business, and the defendant’s receipt, or receipt issued by the post office with which the letter is registered, showing the name of the sender of the letter and the name and address of the person to whom the letter is addressed, and the affidavit of the plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney showing a compliance herewith are filed with the clerk of the court in which the action is pending on or before the date the defendant is required to appear, or within such further time as the court may allow.
(2) Service of process in any such action, suit, or proceeding shall, in addition to the manner provided in subsection (1), be valid if served upon any person within this state who, in this state on behalf of the unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer, is:
(a) Soliciting insurance;
(b) Making, issuing, or delivering any contract of insurance; or
(c) Collecting or receiving any premium, membership fee, assessment, or other consideration for insurance;

and a copy of such process is sent within 10 days thereafter by registered mail by the plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney to the defendant at the last known principal place of business of the defendant, and the defendant’s receipt, or the receipt issued by the post office with which the letter is registered, showing the name of the sender of the letter and the name and address of the person to whom the letter is addressed, and the affidavit of the plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney showing a compliance herewith are filed with the clerk of the court in which such action is pending on or before the date the defendant is required to appear, or within such further time as the court may allow.

(3) No plaintiff shall be entitled to a judgment by default or a decree pro confesso under this section until the expiration of 30 days from date of the filing of the affidavit of compliance.
(4) Nothing in this section shall limit or abridge the right to serve any process, notice, or demand upon any insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer in any other manner now or hereafter permitted by law.
History.s. 348, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 156, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 296, ch. 97-102; s. 1011, ch. 2003-261; s. 14, ch. 2016-132.
626.908 Defense of action by unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer; damages and attorney fee.
(1) Before an unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer files or causes to be filed any pleading in any action or proceeding instituted against it under s. 626.906, s. 626.907, or s. 626.909 or a suit instituted by the office or the department enforcing agency action against unauthorized insurers under s. 120.69, an unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer shall:
(a) Procure a certificate of authority to transact insurance in this state, or
(b) Deposit with the clerk of the court in which such action or proceeding is pending cash or securities or file with such clerk a bond with good and sufficient sureties, to be approved by the court, in an amount to be fixed by the court sufficient to secure the payment of any final judgment which may be rendered in such action. The court may in its discretion make an order dispensing with such deposit or bond where the insurer makes a showing satisfactory to the court that it maintains in a state of the United States funds or securities, in trust or otherwise, sufficient and available to satisfy any final judgment which may be entered in such action or proceeding, and that the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer will pay any final judgment entered therein without requiring suit to be brought on such judgment in the state where such funds or securities are located, and that if, nevertheless, such suit is brought on such final judgment the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer shall waive all defenses thereto.
(c) Any proof, evidence, or testimony in support of such motion shall be taken in the jurisdiction of the court in which the action or proceeding is pending.
(d) If the unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer seeks to take discovery or de bene esse depositions of witnesses beyond the jurisdiction of the court in which the action is pending, upon seasonable application by the plaintiff, the court by appropriate order shall require the unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer, before such depositions are taken, to make similar deposit as described in paragraph (b), in sufficient amount to pay the reasonable expenses of the plaintiff and his or her attorney in attending the taking of such depositions, including reasonable attorney’s fees to be fixed by the court.
(2) The court in any action or proceeding in which service is made in the manner provided in s. 626.907 may, in its discretion, order such postponement as may be necessary to afford the defendant reasonable opportunity to comply with the provisions of subsection (1) and to defend such action.
(3) Nothing in subsection (1) is to be construed to prevent an unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer from filing, within 30 days after service, a motion to quash or to set aside the service of any process made in the manner provided in s. 626.907 hereof on the ground either:
(a) That such unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer has not done any of the acts enumerated in s. 626.906; or
(b) That the person on whom service was made pursuant to s. 626.907(2) was not doing any of the acts therein enumerated.
History.s. 349, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 157, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 297, ch. 97-102; s. 3, ch. 2005-144.
626.909 Jurisdiction of office and department; service of process on Secretary of State.
(1) The Legislature hereby declares that it is a subject of concern that the purpose of the Unauthorized Insurers Process Law as expressed in s. 626.905 may be denied by the possibility that the right of service of process provided for in that law may be restricted only to those actions, suits, or proceedings brought by insureds or beneficiaries. It therefore declares that it is the intent of s. 626.905 that it is the obligation and duty of the state to protect its residents and also proceed under this law through the office or department in the courts of this state. It further declares that it is also the intent of the Legislature to subject unauthorized insurers and persons representing or aiding such insurers to the jurisdiction of the office or department in proceedings, examinations, or hearings before it as provided for in this code.
(2) In addition to the procedure for service of process on unauthorized insurers or persons representing or aiding such insurers contained in ss. 626.906 and 626.907, the office or department shall have the right to bring any action, suit, or proceeding in the name of the state or conduct any proceeding, examination, or hearing provided for in this code against any unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer for violation of any lawful order of the office or department or any provision of this code, specifically including but not limited to the regulation of trade practices provided for in part IX of this chapter, if the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer transacts insurance in this state as defined in ss. 624.10 and 626.906 and the insurer does not transact such business under a subsisting certificate of authority as required by s. 624.401. In the event the transaction of business is done by mail, the venue of the act is at the point where the matter transmitted by mail is delivered and takes effect.
(3) In addition to the right of action, suit, or proceeding authorized by subsection (2), the office or department shall have the right to bring a civil action in the name of the state, as parens patriae on behalf of any insured, beneficiary of any insured, claimant or dependent, or any other person or class of persons injured as a result of the transaction of any insurance business as defined in s. 626.906 by any unauthorized insurer, as defined in s. 624.09 who is also an ineligible insurer as set forth in ss. 626.917 and 626.918, or any person who represents or aids any unauthorized insurer, in violation of s. 626.901, to recover actual damages on behalf of individuals who were residents at the time the transaction occurred and the cost of such suit, including a reasonable attorney’s fee. The court shall exclude from the amount of monetary relief awarded in such action any amount of monetary relief which duplicates amounts which have been awarded for the same injury.
(4) Transaction of business in this state, as so defined, by any unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer shall be deemed consent by the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer to the jurisdiction of the office or department in proceedings, examinations, and hearings before it as provided for in this code and shall constitute an irrevocable appointment by the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer of the Secretary of State and his or her successor or successors in office as its true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served all lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding in any court by the office or department or by the state and upon whom may be served all notices and orders of the office or department arising out of any such transaction of business; and such transaction of business shall constitute the agreement of the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer that any such process against it or any such notice or order which is so served shall be of the same legal force and validity as if served personally within this state on the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer. Service of process shall be in accordance with and in the same manner as now provided for service of process upon nonresidents under the provision of s. 48.161, and service of process shall also be valid if made as provided in s. 626.907(2).
(5) No plaintiff shall be entitled to a judgment by default or a decree pro confesso under this section until the expiration of 30 days after date of the filing of the affidavit of compliance.
(6) Nothing in this section shall limit or abridge the right to serve any process, notice, orders, or demand upon the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer in any other manner now or hereafter permitted by law.
(7) Nothing in this section shall apply as to surplus lines insurance when written pursuant to the Surplus Lines Law, ss. 626.913-626.937, or as to transactions as to which a certificate of authority is not required of the insurer, as stated in s. 624.402.
History.s. 1, ch. 67-118; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 295, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 25, ch. 87-226; ss. 158, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 298, ch. 97-102; s. 51, ch. 2001-63; s. 1012, ch. 2003-261.
626.910 Penalty for violation by unauthorized insurers and persons representing or aiding such insurers.Any unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer transacting insurance in this state and subject to service of process as referred to in s. 626.909 shall forfeit and pay to the state a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 for each nonwillful violation, or not more than $10,000 for each willful violation, of any lawful order of the office or department or any provision of this code.
History.s. 2, ch. 67-118; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 296, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 159, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1013, ch. 2003-261.
626.911 Attorney’s fee.In any action against an unauthorized foreign insurer, alien insurer, or person representing or aiding such an insurer, upon a contract of insurance issued or delivered in this state to a resident thereof or to a corporation authorized to do business therein, if the insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer has failed for 30 days after demand prior to the commencement of the action to make payment in accordance with the terms of the contract, the trial judge shall allow to the plaintiff a reasonable attorney’s fee or compensation and include such fee or compensation in any judgment that may be rendered in such action.
History.s. 350, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 160, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.912 Exemptions from ss. 626.904-626.911.The provisions of ss. 626.904-626.911 do not apply to any action, suit, or proceeding against any unauthorized foreign insurer, alien insurer, or person representing or aiding such an insurer arising out of any contract of insurance:
(1) Covering reinsurance, wet marine and transportation, commercial aircraft, or railway insurance risks;
(2) Against legal liability arising out of the ownership, operation, or maintenance of any property having a permanent situs outside this state;
(3) Against loss of or damage to any property having a permanent situs outside this state; or
(4) Issued under and in accordance with the Surplus Lines Law, when such insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer enters a general appearance or when such contract of insurance contains a provision designating the Chief Financial Officer or designating a Florida resident agent to be the true and lawful attorney of such unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer upon whom may be served all lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of an insured or person representing or aiding such insurer or beneficiary arising out of any such contract of insurance; and service of process effected on such Chief Financial Officer or such resident agent shall be deemed to confer complete jurisdiction over such unauthorized insurer or person representing or aiding such insurer in such action.
History.s. 351, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 161, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 299, ch. 97-102; s. 1014, ch. 2003-261.
626.913 Surplus Lines Law; short title; purposes.
(1) Sections 626.913-626.937 constitute and may be referred to as the “Surplus Lines Law.”
(2) It is declared that the purposes of the Surplus Lines Law are to provide orderly access for the insuring public of this state to insurers not authorized to transact insurance in this state, through only qualified, licensed, and supervised surplus lines agents resident in this state, for insurance coverages and to the extent thereof not procurable from authorized insurers; to protect such authorized insurers, who under the laws of this state must meet certain standards as to policy forms and rates, from unwarranted competition by unauthorized insurers who, in the absence of this law, would not be subject to similar requirements; and for other purposes as set forth in this Surplus Lines Law.
(3) This section, and this Surplus Lines Law, do not apply as to insurance coverages which are subject to s. 626.938.
(4) Except as may be specifically stated to apply to surplus lines insurers, the provisions of chapter 627 do not apply to surplus lines insurance authorized under ss. 626.913-626.937, the Surplus Lines Law.
History.s. 352, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 297, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 42, ch. 82-386; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1, ch. 2009-166.
626.914 Definitions.As used in this Surplus Lines Law, the term:
(1) “Surplus lines agent” means an individual licensed as provided in this part to handle the placement of insurance coverages with unauthorized insurers and to place such coverages with authorized insurers as to which the licensee is not licensed as an agent.
(2) “Eligible surplus lines insurer” means an unauthorized insurer which has been made eligible by the office to issue insurance coverage under this Surplus Lines Law.
(3) “To export” means to place, in an unauthorized insurer under this Surplus Lines Law, insurance covering a subject of insurance resident, located, or to be performed in this state.
(4) “Diligent effort” means seeking coverage from and having been rejected by at least three authorized insurers currently writing this type of coverage and documenting these rejections. However, if the residential structure has a dwelling replacement cost of $1 million or more, the term means seeking coverage from and having been rejected by at least one authorized insurer currently writing this type of coverage and documenting this rejection.
History.s. 353, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 298, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 162, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1015, ch. 2003-261; s. 5, ch. 2007-90.
626.915 Surplus lines insurance authorized.If certain insurance coverages of subjects resident, located, or to be performed in this state cannot be procured from authorized insurers, such coverages, hereinafter designated “surplus lines,” may be procured from unauthorized insurers, subject to the following conditions:
(1) The insurance must be eligible for export under s. 626.916 or s. 626.917;
(2) The insurer must be an eligible surplus lines insurer under s. 626.917 or s. 626.918;
(3) The insurance must be so placed through a licensed Florida surplus lines agent; and
(4) The other applicable provisions of this Surplus Lines Law must be met.
History.s. 354, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 299, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 163, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.916 Eligibility for export.
(1) No insurance coverage shall be eligible for export unless it meets all of the following conditions:
(a) The full amount of insurance required must not be procurable, after a diligent effort has been made by the producing agent to do so, from among the insurers authorized to transact and actually writing that kind and class of insurance in this state, and the amount of insurance exported shall be only the excess over the amount so procurable from authorized insurers. Surplus lines agents must verify that a diligent effort has been made by requiring a properly documented statement of diligent effort from the retail or producing agent. However, to be in compliance with the diligent effort requirement, the surplus lines agent’s reliance must be reasonable under the particular circumstances surrounding the export of that particular risk. Reasonableness shall be assessed by taking into account factors which include, but are not limited to, a regularly conducted program of verification of the information provided by the retail or producing agent. Declinations must be documented on a risk-by-risk basis. If it is not possible to obtain the full amount of insurance required by layering the risk, it is permissible to export the full amount.
(b) The premium rate at which the coverage is exported shall not be lower than that rate applicable, if any, in actual and current use by a majority of the authorized insurers for the same coverage on a similar risk.
(c) The policy or contract form under which the insurance is exported shall not be more favorable to the insured as to the coverage or rate than under similar contracts on file and in actual current use in this state by the majority of authorized insurers actually writing similar coverages on similar risks; except that a coverage may be exported under a unique form of policy designed for use with respect to a particular subject of insurance if a copy of such form is filed with the office by the surplus lines agent desiring to use the same and is subject to the disapproval of the office within 10 days of filing such form exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays if it finds that the use of such special form is not reasonably necessary for the principal purposes of the coverage or that its use would be contrary to the purposes of this Surplus Lines Law with respect to the reasonable protection of authorized insurers from unwarranted competition by unauthorized insurers.
(d) Except as to extended coverage in connection with fire insurance policies and except as to windstorm insurance, the policy or contract under which the insurance is exported shall not provide for deductible amounts, in determining the existence or extent of the insurer’s liability, other than those available under similar policies or contracts in actual and current use by one or more authorized insurers.
(e) For personal residential property risks, the retail or producing agent must advise the insured in writing that coverage may be available and may be less expensive from Citizens Property Insurance Corporation. The notice must include other information that states that assessments by Citizens Property Insurance Corporation are higher and the coverage provided by Citizens Property Insurance Corporation may be less than the property’s existing coverage. If the notice is signed by the insured, it is presumed that the insured has been informed and knows that policies from Citizens Property Insurance Corporation may be less expensive, may provide less coverage, and will be accompanied by higher assessments.
(2) The commission may by rule declare eligible for export generally, and notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and (d) of subsection (1), any class or classes of insurance coverage or risk for which it finds, after a hearing, that there is no reasonable or adequate market among authorized insurers. Any such rules shall continue in effect during the existence of the conditions upon which predicated, but subject to termination by the commission.
(3)(a) Subsection (1) does not apply to wet marine and transportation or aviation risks which are subject to s. 626.917.
(b) Paragraphs (1)(a)-(d) do not apply to classes of insurance which are subject to s. 627.062(3)(d)1. These classes may be exportable under the following conditions:
1. The insurance must be placed only by or through a surplus lines agent licensed in this state;
2. The insurer must be made eligible under s. 626.918; and
3. The insured must sign a disclosure that substantially provides the following: “You are agreeing to place coverage in the surplus lines market. Superior coverage may be available in the admitted market and at a lesser cost. Persons insured by surplus lines carriers are not protected under the Florida Insurance Guaranty Act with respect to any right of recovery for the obligation of an insolvent unlicensed insurer.” If the notice is signed by the insured, the insured is presumed to have been informed and to know that other coverage may be available, and, with respect to the diligent-effort requirement under subsection (1), there is no liability on the part of, and no cause of action arises against, the retail agent presenting the form.
(4) A reasonable per-policy fee, not to exceed $35, may be charged by the filing surplus lines agent for each policy certified for export.
History.s. 355, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 63-86; s. 1, ch. 67-380; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 91, ch. 79-40; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 300, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 164, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 29, ch. 92-146; s. 1, ch. 2001-213; s. 1016, ch. 2003-261; s. 6, ch. 2007-90; s. 17, ch. 2011-174.
626.917 Eligibility for export; wet marine and transportation, aviation risks.
(1) Insurance coverage of wet marine and transportation risks, as defined in this code in s. 624.607(2), or aviation risks, including airport and products liability incidental thereto and hangarkeeper’s liability, may be exported under the following conditions:
(a) The insurance must be placed only by or through a licensed Florida surplus lines agent; and
(b) The insurer must be one made eligible by the office specifically for such coverages, based upon information furnished by the insurer and indicating that the insurer is well able to meet its financial obligations.
(2) This section does not apply as to boats or aircraft used solely for personal pleasure, family use, or the transportation of executives, employees, and guests of the insured.
History.s. 356, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 63-86; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 301, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 165, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1017, ch. 2003-261.
626.918 Eligible surplus lines insurers.
(1) A surplus lines agent may not place any coverage with any unauthorized insurer which is not then an eligible surplus lines insurer, except as permitted under subsections (5) and (6).
(2) An unauthorized insurer may not be or become an eligible surplus lines insurer unless made eligible by the office in accordance with the following conditions:
(a) The insurer must be currently an authorized insurer in the state or country of its domicile as to the kind or kinds of insurance proposed to be so placed and must have been such an insurer for not less than the 3 years next preceding or must be the wholly owned subsidiary of such authorized insurer or must be the wholly owned subsidiary of an already eligible surplus lines insurer as to the kind or kinds of insurance proposed for a period of not less than the 3 years next preceding. However, the office may waive the 3-year requirement if the insurer provides a product or service not readily available to the consumers of this state or has operated successfully for a period of at least 1 year next preceding and has capital and surplus of not less than $25 million.
(b) Before granting eligibility, the requesting surplus lines agent or the insurer shall furnish the office with a duly authenticated copy of its current annual financial statement in the English language and with all monetary values therein expressed in United States dollars, at an exchange rate (in the case of statements originally made in the currencies of other countries) then-current and shown in the statement, and with such additional information relative to the insurer as the office may request.
(c)1.a. The insurer must have and maintain surplus as to policyholders of not less than $15 million; in addition, an alien insurer must also have and maintain in the United States a trust fund for the protection of all its policyholders in the United States under terms deemed by the office to be reasonably adequate, in an amount not less than $5.4 million. Any such surplus as to policyholders or trust fund shall be represented by investments consisting of eligible investments for like funds of like domestic insurers under part II of chapter 625 provided, however, that in the case of an alien insurance company, any such surplus as to policyholders may be represented by investments permitted by the domestic regulator of such alien insurance company if such investments are substantially similar in terms of quality, liquidity, and security to eligible investments for like funds of like domestic insurers under part II of chapter 625. Clean, irrevocable, unconditional, and evergreen letters of credit issued or confirmed by a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in subparagraph 2., may be used to fund the trust.
b. For those surplus lines insurers that were eligible on January 1, 1994, and that maintained their eligibility thereafter, the required surplus as to policyholders shall be:
(I) On December 31, 1994, and until December 30, 1995, $2.5 million.
(II) On December 31, 1995, and until December 30, 1996, $3.5 million.
(III) On December 31, 1996, and until December 30, 1997, $4.5 million.
(IV) On December 31, 1997, and until December 30, 1998, $5.5 million.
(V) On December 31, 1998, and until December 30, 1999, $6.5 million.
(VI) On December 31, 1999, and until December 30, 2000, $8 million.
(VII) On December 31, 2000, and until December 30, 2001, $9.5 million.
(VIII) On December 31, 2001, and until December 30, 2002, $11 million.
(IX) On December 31, 2002, and until December 30, 2003, $13 million.
(X) On December 31, 2003, and thereafter, $15 million.
c. The capital and surplus requirements as set forth in sub-subparagraph b. do not apply in the case of an insurance exchange created by the laws of individual states, where the exchange maintains capital and surplus pursuant to the requirements of that state, or maintains capital and surplus in an amount not less than $50 million in the aggregate. For an insurance exchange which maintains funds in the amount of at least $12 million for the protection of all insurance exchange policyholders, each individual syndicate shall maintain minimum capital and surplus in an amount not less than $3 million. If the insurance exchange does not maintain funds in the amount of at least $12 million for the protection of all insurance exchange policyholders, each individual syndicate shall meet the minimum capital and surplus requirements set forth in sub-subparagraph b.
d. A surplus lines insurer which is a member of an insurance holding company that includes a member which is a Florida domestic insurer as set forth in its holding company registration statement, as set forth in s. 628.801 and rules adopted thereunder, may elect to maintain surplus as to policyholders in an amount equal to the requirements of s. 624.408, subject to the requirement that the surplus lines insurer shall at all times be in compliance with the requirements of chapter 625.

The election shall be submitted to the office and shall be effective upon the office’s being satisfied that the requirements of sub-subparagraph d. have been met. The initial date of election shall be the date of office approval. The election approval application shall be on a form adopted by commission rule. The office may approve an election form submitted pursuant to sub-subparagraph d. only if it was on file with the former Department of Insurance before February 28, 1998.

2. For purposes of letters of credit under subparagraph 1., the term “qualified United States financial institution” means an institution that:
a. Is organized or, in the case of a United States office of a foreign banking organization, is licensed under the laws of the United States or any state.
b. Is regulated, supervised, and examined by authorities of the United States or any state having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies.
c. Has been determined by the office or the Securities Valuation Office of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners to meet such standards of financial condition and standing as are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit are acceptable to the office.
(d) The insurer must be of good reputation as to the providing of service to its policyholders and the payment of losses and claims.
(e) The insurer must be eligible, as for authority to transact insurance in this state, under s. 624.404(3).
(f) This subsection does not apply as to unauthorized insurers made eligible under s. 626.917 as to wet marine and aviation risks.
(3) The office shall from time to time publish a list of all currently eligible surplus lines insurers and shall mail a copy thereof to each licensed surplus lines agent at his or her office of record with the office.
(4) This section shall not be deemed to cast upon the office any duty or responsibility to determine the actual financial condition or claims practices of any unauthorized insurer; and the status of eligibility, if granted by the office, shall indicate only that the insurer appears to be sound financially and to have satisfactory claims practices and that the office has no credible evidence to the contrary.
(5) When it appears that any particular insurance risk which is eligible for export, but on which insurance coverage, in whole or in part, is not procurable from the eligible surplus lines insurers, after a search of eligible surplus lines insurers, then the surplus lines agent may file a supplemental signed statement setting forth such facts and advising the office that such part of the risk as shall be unprocurable, as aforesaid, is being placed with named unauthorized insurers, in the amounts and percentages set forth in the statement. Such named unauthorized insurer shall, however, before accepting any risk in this state, deposit with the department cash or securities acceptable to the office and department of the market value of $50,000 for each individual risk, contract, or certificate, which deposit shall be held by the department for the benefit of Florida policyholders only; and the surplus lines agent shall procure from such unauthorized insurer and file with the office a certified copy of its statement of condition as of the close of the last calendar year. If such statement reveals, including both capital and surplus, net assets of at least that amount required for licensure of a domestic insurer, then the surplus lines agent may proceed to consummate such contract of insurance. Whenever any insurance risk, or any part thereof, is placed with an unauthorized insurer, as provided herein, the policy, binder, or cover note shall contain a statement signed by the insured and the agent with the following notation: “The insured is aware that certain insurers participating in this risk have not been approved to transact business in Florida nor have they been declared eligible as surplus lines insurers by the Office of Insurance Regulation of Florida. The placing of such insurance by a duly licensed surplus lines agent in Florida shall not be construed as approval of such insurer by the Office of Insurance Regulation of Florida. Consequently, the insured is aware that the insured has severely limited the assistance available under the insurance laws of Florida. The insured is further aware that he or she may be charged a reasonable per policy fee, as provided in s. 626.916(4), Florida Statutes, for each policy certified for export.” All other provisions of this code shall apply to such placement the same as if such risks were placed with an eligible surplus lines insurer.
(6) When any particular insurance risk subject to subsection (5) is eligible for placement with an unauthorized insurer and not more than 12.5 percent of the risk is so subject, the office may, at its discretion, permit the agent to obtain from the insured a signed statement as indicated in subsection (5). All other provisions of this code apply to such placement the same as if such risks were placed with an eligible surplus lines insurer.
History.s. 357, ch. 59-205; s. 1, ch. 61-105; s. 3, ch. 63-86; s. 1, ch. 63-209; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 71-18; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 302, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 2, ch. 88-104; s. 31, ch. 88-166; ss. 166, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 30, ch. 92-146; s. 12, ch. 93-410; s. 300, ch. 97-102; ss. 2, 7, ch. 97-196; s. 68, ch. 98-199; s. 2, ch. 2001-213; s. 1018, ch. 2003-261; s. 10, ch. 2006-12; s. 4, ch. 2018-131.
626.9181 Levy upon deposit.No judgment creditor or other claimant of a surplus lines insurer shall have the right to levy upon any of the assets or securities held in this state as a deposit under s. 626.918.
History.s. 34, ch. 85-321; s. 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.919 Withdrawal of eligibility; surplus lines insurer.
(1) If at any time the office has reason to believe that any unauthorized insurer then on the list of eligible surplus lines insurers is insolvent or in unsound financial condition, or does not make reasonable prompt payment of just losses and claims in this state, or that it is no longer eligible under the conditions therefor provided in s. 626.918, it shall withdraw the eligibility of the insurer to insure surplus lines risks in this state.
(2) If the office finds that an insurer currently eligible as a surplus lines insurer has willfully violated the laws of this state or a rule of the commission, it may, in its discretion, withdraw the eligibility of the insurer to insure surplus lines risks in this state.
(3) The office shall promptly mail notice of all such withdrawals of eligibility to each surplus lines agent at his or her address of record with the department.
History.s. 358, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 167, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 301, ch. 97-102; s. 1019, ch. 2003-261.
626.9201 Notice of cancellation or nonrenewal.
(1) An insurer issuing a policy providing coverage for property, casualty, surety, or marine insurance must give the first named insured at least 45 days’ advance written notice of nonrenewal. If the policy is not to be renewed, the written notice shall state the reasons as to why the policy is not to be renewed. This subsection does not apply:
(a) If the insurer has manifested its willingness to renew, and the offer is not rescinded prior to expiration of the policy; or
(b) If a notice of cancellation for nonpayment of premium is provided under subsection (2).
(2) An insurer issuing a policy providing coverage for property, casualty, surety, or marine insurance must give the named insured written notice of cancellation or termination other than nonrenewal at least 45 days before the effective date of the cancellation or termination, including in the written notice the reasons for the cancellation or termination, except that:
(a) If cancellation is for nonpayment of premium, at least 10 days’ written notice of cancellation accompanied by the reason for cancellation must be given. As used in this paragraph, the term “nonpayment of premium” means the failure of the named insured to discharge when due any of his or her obligations in connection with the payment of premiums on a policy or an installment of such a premium, whether the premium or installment is payable directly to the insurer or its agent or indirectly under any plan for financing premiums or extension of credit or the failure of the named insured to maintain membership in an organization if such membership is a condition precedent to insurance coverage. The term also includes the failure of a financial institution to honor the check of an applicant for insurance which was delivered to a licensed agent for payment of a premium, even if the agent previously delivered or transferred the premium to the insurer. If a correctly dishonored check represents payment of the initial premium, the contract and all contractual obligations are void ab initio unless the nonpayment is cured within the earlier of 5 days after actual notice by certified mail is received by the applicant or 15 days after notice is sent to the applicant by certified mail or registered mail, and, if the contract is void, any premium received by the insurer from a third party shall be refunded to that party in full; and
(b) If cancellation or termination occurs during the first 90 days during which the insurance is in force and if the insurance is canceled or terminated for reasons other than nonpayment, at least 20 days’ written notice of cancellation or termination accompanied by the reason for cancellation or termination must be given, except if there has been a material misstatement or misrepresentation or failure to comply with the underwriting requirements established by the insurer.
(3) If an insurer fails to provide the written notice as required under this section, the coverage provided to the named insured remains in effect until 45 days after the notice is given or until the effective date of replacement coverage obtained by the named insured, whichever occurs first. The premium for the coverage remains the same during any such extension period.
History.ss. 168, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 7, ch. 2007-90; s. 9, ch. 2012-151.
626.921 Florida Surplus Lines Service Office.
(1) There is hereby created a nonprofit association to be known as the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office. The Legislature hereby finds and declares that the establishment of a surplus lines self-regulating organization is necessary to establish a system that will permit better access by consumers to approved unauthorized insurers. Accordingly, the Legislature declares that this section shall be liberally construed and applied to promote its underlying purposes, which will protect consumers seeking insurance in this state, permit surplus lines insurance to be placed with approved surplus lines insurers, establish a self-regulating organization which will promote and permit orderly access to surplus lines insurance in this state, enhance the number and types of insurance products available to consumers in this state, provide a source of advice and counsel for the benefit of consumers, surplus lines agents, insurers, and government agencies concerning the operation of the surplus lines insurance market, and protect the revenues of this state.
(2) All surplus lines agents shall, as a condition of holding a license as a surplus lines agent in this state, be deemed to be members of this association and shall report to and file with the service office a copy of or information on each surplus lines insurance policy or document as provided in the plan of operation adopted under subsection (5). The service office shall immediately report the particulars of any unfiled policy to the department for enforcement of compliance with the Florida Surplus Lines Law.
(3) The association shall perform its functions under a plan of operation adopted under subsection (5). It shall exercise its powers through a board of governors established under subsection (4). The association shall be regulated by the office and is subject to the applicable provisions of this code and the rules of the commission and, with respect to surplus lines agents, rules of the department. The service office shall conduct the following activities provided in the plan of operation adopted under subsection (5):
(a) Receive, record, and review all surplus lines insurance policies or documents.
(b) Maintain records of the surplus lines policies reported to the service office and prepare monthly reports for the office in such form as the commission may prescribe.
(c) Prepare and deliver to each surplus lines agent quarterly reports of each surplus lines agent’s business in such form as the commission may prescribe, and collect and remit to the department the surplus lines tax as provided for in s. 626.932.
(d) Perform a reconciliation of the policies written in the nonadmitted market, as provided by nonadmitted insurers, with the policies reported to the service office by the surplus lines agents, and prepare and deliver to the office a report on the results of the reconciliation in such form as the commission may prescribe.
(e) Submit to the office for review and approval an annual budget for the operation of the service office.
(f) Collect from each surplus lines agent a service fee of up to 0.3 percent, as determined by the office, of the total gross premium of each surplus lines policy or document reported under this section, for the cost of operation of the service office. The service fee shall be paid by the insured.
(g) Employ and retain such personnel as are necessary to carry out the duties of the service office.
(h) Borrow money, as necessary, to effect the purposes of the service office.
(i) Enter into contracts, as necessary, to effect the purposes of the service office.
(j) Perform such other acts as will facilitate and encourage compliance with the surplus lines law of this state and rules adopted thereunder.
(k) Provide such other services as are incidental or related to the purposes of the service office.
(4) The association shall operate under the supervision of a board of governors consisting of:
(a) Five individuals nominated by the Florida Surplus Lines Association and appointed by the department from the regular membership of the Florida Surplus Lines Association.
(b) Two individuals appointed by the department, one from each of the two largest domestic agents’ associations, each of whom shall be licensed surplus lines agents.
(c) The Insurance Consumer Advocate.
(d) One individual appointed by the department, who shall be a risk manager for a large domestic commercial enterprise.

Each board member shall be appointed to serve beginning on the date designated by the plan of operation and shall serve at the pleasure of the department for a 3-year term, such term initially to be staggered by the plan of operation so that three appointments expire in 1 year, three appointments expire in 2 years, and three appointments expire in 3 years. Members may be reappointed for subsequent terms. The board of governors shall elect such officers as may be provided in the plan of operation.

(5)(a) The association shall submit to the office a plan of operation, and any amendments thereto, to provide operating procedures for the administration of the service office. The plan of operation and any amendments thereto shall become effective upon approval by order of the office. The association shall submit to the department an agent’s manual, and any amendments thereto, which shall provide administrative procedures that surplus lines insurance agents must follow with respect to their duties to the service office. The manual shall be prepared in cooperation with the department, and any changes, updates, or amendments shall be submitted to the department before distribution. The manual shall be approved by order of the department.
(b) If the association fails to submit a suitable plan of operation within 180 days following the effective date of this act, or if at any time thereafter the association fails to submit suitable amendments to the plan of operation, the office shall, after notice and hearing, adopt by order a plan of operation, or amendments to a plan of operation, and the commission shall adopt such rules as are necessary or advisable to effectuate the provisions of this section. Such rules shall continue in force until modified by the commission or superseded by a plan of operation submitted by the association and approved by order of the office.
(c) All surplus lines agents licensed in this state must comply with the plan of operation and the agent’s manual.
(6) The office shall, at such times deemed necessary, make or cause to be made an examination of the association. The costs of any such examination shall be paid by the association. During the course of such examination, the governors, officers, agents, employees, and members of the association may be examined under oath regarding the operation of the service office and shall make available all books, records, accounts, documents, and agreements pertaining thereto.
(7) There shall be no liability on the part of, and no cause of action of any nature shall arise against, any member or its agents or employees, agents or employees of the association, the commission, the office, members of the board of governors of the association, or the department or its representatives, for any action taken by them in the performance of their duties or responsibilities under this subsection. Such immunity does not apply to actions for breach of any contract or agreement pertaining to insurance, or any willful tort.
(8)(a) Information furnished to the department under s. 626.923 or contained in records subject to examination by the department under s. 626.930 is confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution if disclosure would reveal information specific to a particular policy or policyholder. The exemption does not apply to any proceeding instituted by the department or office against an agent or insurer.
(b) Information furnished to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office under the Surplus Lines Law is confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution if disclosure would reveal information specific to a particular policy or policyholder. The Florida Surplus Lines Service Office may provide such information to the department in the furtherance of its duties and responsibilities. The exemption does not apply to any proceeding instituted by the department or office against an agent or insurer.
History.s. 360, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 304, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 169, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 9, ch. 93-80; s. 377, ch. 96-406; s. 3, ch. 97-196; s. 1, ch. 2001-181; s. 3, ch. 2001-213; s. 1020, ch. 2003-261; s. 1, ch. 2006-188; s. 8, ch. 2007-199; s. 15, ch. 2016-132.
626.922 Evidence of the insurance; changes; penalty.
(1) Upon placing a surplus lines coverage, the surplus lines agent shall promptly issue and deliver to the insured evidence of the insurance consisting either of the policy as issued by the insurer or, if such policy is not then available, a certificate, cover note, or other confirmation of insurance. Such document shall be executed or countersigned by the surplus lines agent and shall show the description and location of the subject of the insurance; coverage, conditions, and term of the insurance; the premium and rate charged and taxes collected from the insured; and the name and address of the insured and insurer. If the direct risk is assumed by more than one insurer, the document shall state the name and address and proportion of the entire direct risk assumed by each insurer. A surplus lines agent may not delegate the duty to issue any such document to producing general lines agents without prior written authority from the surplus lines insurer. A general lines agent may issue any such document only if the agent has prior written authority from the surplus lines agent. The surplus lines agent must maintain copies of the authorization from the surplus lines insurer and the delegation to the producing general lines agent. The producing agent must maintain copies of the written delegation from the surplus lines agent and copies of any evidence of coverage or certificate of insurance which the producing agent issues or delivers. Any evidence of coverage issued by a producing agent pursuant to this section must include the name and address of the authorizing surplus lines agent.
(2) No surplus lines agent shall issue any such document, or purport to insure or represent that insurance will be or has been granted by any unauthorized insurer, unless he or she has prior written authority from the insurer for the insurance, or has received information from the insurer in the regular course of business that such insurance has been granted, or an insurance policy providing the insurance actually has been issued by the insurer and delivered to the insured.
(3) If after the issuance and delivery of any such document there is any change as to the identity of the insurers, or the proportion of the direct risk assumed by the insurer as stated in the original certificate, cover note, or confirmation, or in any other material respect as to the insurance coverage evidenced by such a document, the surplus lines agent shall promptly issue and deliver to the insured a substitute certificate, cover note, or confirmation, or an endorsement for the original such document, accurately showing the current status of the coverage and the insurers responsible thereunder. No such change shall result in a coverage or insurance contract which would be in violation of this Surplus Lines Law if originally issued on such basis.
(4) A copy of the policy or cover note or confirmation of insurance shall be delivered to the insured within 60 days after the effectuation of coverage.
(5) Any surplus lines agent who knowingly or negligently issues a false certificate, cover note, or confirmation of insurance, or false endorsement therefor, or who fails promptly to notify the insured of any material change with respect to such insurance by delivery to the insured of a substitute certificate, cover note, or confirmation, or endorsement as provided in subsection (3), shall, upon conviction, be subject to the penalties provided by s. 624.15 or to any greater applicable penalty otherwise provided by law.
History.s. 361, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 170, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 302, ch. 97-102; s. 69, ch. 98-199.
626.923 Filing copy of policy or certificate.A surplus lines agent shall, within 30 days after the date of a request by the department or the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office, furnish an exact copy of any and all requested policies, including applications, certificates, cover notes, or other forms of confirmation of insurance coverage or any substitutions thereof or endorsements thereto. The department or the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office may also request and the agent shall furnish, within 30 days after the date of the request, the agent’s memorandum as to the substance of any change represented by a substitute certificate, cover note, other form of confirmation of insurance coverage, or endorsement as compared with the coverage as originally placed or issued.
History.s. 362, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 71-18; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 18, ch. 89-360; ss. 171, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 4, ch. 2001-213.
626.924 Information required on contract.
(1) Each surplus lines agent through whom a surplus lines coverage is procured shall write or print on the outside of the policy and on any certificate, cover note, or other confirmation of the insurance his or her name, address, and identification number and the name and address of the producing agent through whom the business originated and shall have stamped or written upon the first page of the policy or the certificate, cover note, or confirmation of insurance the words: THIS INSURANCE IS ISSUED PURSUANT TO THE FLORIDA SURPLUS LINES LAW. PERSONS INSURED BY SURPLUS LINES CARRIERS DO NOT HAVE THE PROTECTION OF THE FLORIDA INSURANCE GUARANTY ACT TO THE EXTENT OF ANY RIGHT OF RECOVERY FOR THE OBLIGATION OF AN INSOLVENT UNLICENSED INSURER.
(2) Surplus lines policies issued on or after October 1, 2009, shall have stamped or printed on the face of the policy in at least 14-point, boldface type, the following statement: SURPLUS LINES INSURERS’ POLICY RATES AND FORMS ARE NOT APPROVED BY ANY FLORIDA REGULATORY AGENCY.
History.s. 363, ch. 59-205; s. 5, ch. 63-86; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 305, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 172, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 303, ch. 97-102; s. 2, ch. 2009-166.
626.925 Surplus lines insurance valid.Insurance contracts procured as surplus lines coverages from unauthorized insurers in accordance with this law shall be fully valid and enforceable as to all parties and shall be given acceptance and recognition in all matters and respects to the same effect and extent as like contracts issued by authorized insurers.
History.s. 364, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.926 Liability of insurer as to losses and unearned premiums.
(1) If an unauthorized insurer or a person authorized by it has bound the risk as to a surplus lines coverage placed under this Surplus Lines Law, and if the premium therefor has been received by the surplus lines agent or originating agent who placed such insurance, then in all questions thereafter arising under the coverage as between the insurer and the insured, the insurer shall be deemed to have received the premium due to it for such coverage; and the insurer shall be liable to the insured as to losses covered by such insurance, and for unearned premiums which may become payable to the insured upon cancellation of such insurance, whether or not in fact the surplus lines agent is indebted to the insurer with respect to such insurance or for any other cause.
(2) Each unauthorized insurer assuming a surplus lines direct risk under this Surplus Lines Law shall be deemed thereby to have subjected itself to the terms of this section.
History.s. 365, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 306, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.927 Licensing of surplus lines agent.
(1) Any individual, while licensed as a general lines agent under this code, and who has a minimum of 1 year of experience working for a licensed surplus lines agent or who has successfully completed 60 class hours in surplus and excess lines in a course approved by the department, may, upon taking and successfully passing a written examination as to surplus lines, as given by the department, be licensed as a surplus lines agent solely for the purpose of placing with surplus lines insurers property, marine, casualty, or surety coverages originated by general lines agents.
(2) Application for the license shall be made to the department on forms as designated and furnished by it.
(3) License and appointment fees in the amount specified in s. 624.501 shall be paid to the department in advance. The license and appointment of a surplus lines agent continue in force until suspended, revoked, or otherwise terminated. The appointment of a surplus lines agent continues in force until suspended, revoked, or terminated, but is subject to biennial renewal or continuation by the licensee in accordance with procedures prescribed in s. 626.381 for agents in general.
(4) Examinations as to surplus lines, as required under subsection (1), are subject to the provisions of part I as applicable to applicants for licenses in general.
(5) An individual who has been licensed by the department as a surplus lines agent as provided in this section may be subsequently appointed without additional written examination if his or her application for appointment is filed with the department within 48 months after the date of cancellation or expiration of the prior appointment. The department may require an individual to take and successfully pass an examination as for original issuance of license as a condition precedent to the reinstatement or continuation of the licensee’s current license or reinstatement or continuation of the licensee’s appointment.
(6) Prelicensure coursework is not required for an applicant who is a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces or the spouse of such a member or veteran. A qualified individual must provide a copy of a military identification card, military dependent identification card, military service record, military personnel file, veteran record, discharge paper, or separation document that indicates such member is currently in good standing or such veteran is honorably discharged.
History.s. 366, ch. 59-205; s. 6, ch. 63-86; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 307, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 173, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 304, ch. 97-102; s. 71, ch. 98-199; s. 20, ch. 2001-142; s. 40, ch. 2002-206; s. 48, ch. 2012-209; s. 46, ch. 2018-7; s. 36, ch. 2018-102.
626.9271 Temporary license; death, disability, absence of surplus lines agent.
(1) The department may, in its discretion, issue a temporary license and appointment as a surplus lines agent to a licensed surplus lines agent’s employee, family member, business associate, or personal representative for the purpose of continuing or winding up the business affairs of the surplus lines agent or agency, subject to the following conditions:
(a) The surplus lines agent being replaced must have died or become unable to perform his or her duties as agent because of military service or illness or other physical or mental disability.
(b) There must be no other person connected with the surplus lines agent’s business who is licensed as a surplus lines agent.
(c) The proposed temporary licensee must be qualified for a regular surplus lines agent’s license under this code except as to residence, examination, education, or experience.
(d) Application for the temporary license and appointment must be made by the applicant upon statements and affidavit filed with the department on forms as prescribed and furnished by it.
(e) The temporary license and appointment shall be issued and be valid for a period of not over 4 months, and may not be renewed to the holder of the temporary license or to any other person for or on behalf of the surplus lines agent or agency.
(2) The applicant for a temporary license and appointment shall pay to the department, prior to the issuance thereof, the applicable license and appointment fees specified in s. 624.501.
(3) The holder of a temporary license may be granted a regular surplus lines agent’s license upon passing an examination as required by s. 626.927.
(4) Except as in this section expressly provided, the holder of a temporary license shall be subject to the same requirements and responsibilities as apply under this code to agents regularly licensed.
History.ss. 308, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 174, 205, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 305, ch. 97-102; s. 72, ch. 98-199.
626.9272 Licensing of nonresident surplus lines agents.
(1) The department may, upon written application and the payment of the fees specified in s. 624.501, issue a nonresident surplus lines agent license to a nonresident individual licensed in his or her home state as a resident general lines and a resident surplus lines agent and otherwise qualified under the laws of this state if, under the laws of the individual’s home state, residents of this state may be licensed in a similar manner as a nonresident surplus lines agent in that state.
(2) The department may not issue a license unless the applicant satisfies the same licensing requirements under s. 626.927 as required of a resident surplus lines agent, excluding the required experience or coursework and examination. The department may refuse to issue such license or appointment when it has reason to believe that any of the grounds exist for denial, suspension, or revocation of a license as set forth in ss. 626.611 and 626.621.
(3) The authority of a nonresident license is limited to the specific lines of authority granted in the license issued by the agent’s home state and the lines authorized under the nonresident license by this state.
(4) Any individual who holds a nonresident agent’s license, upon becoming a resident of this state, may, for a period not to exceed 90 days, operate under the nonresident license and appointment, but must become licensed as a resident agent within that time to continue transacting business in this state after the 90-day period.
(5) Except as provided in this section, nonresident surplus lines agents are subject to the requirements that apply to resident surplus lines agents in this state, including ss. 626.913-626.937.
(6) If available, the department shall verify a nonresident applicant’s licensing status through the producer database maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, its affiliates, or subsidiaries.
History.s. 10, ch. 2004-374; s. 26, ch. 2014-123.
626.929 Origination, acceptance, placement of surplus lines business.
(1) A general lines agent while licensed and appointed as a surplus lines agent under this part may originate surplus lines business and may accept surplus lines business from any other originating Florida-licensed general lines agent appointed and licensed as to the kinds of insurance involved and may compensate such agent therefor.
(2) A managing general agent while licensed and appointed as a surplus lines agent under this part may accept and place solely such surplus lines business as is originated by a Florida-licensed general lines agent appointed and licensed as to the kinds of insurance involved and may compensate such agent therefor.
(3) No such general lines agent shall knowingly misrepresent to the surplus lines agent any material fact involved in any such insurance or in the eligibility thereof for placement with a surplus lines insurer.
History.s. 368, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 310, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 43, ch. 82-386; ss. 176, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 73, ch. 98-199; s. 11, ch. 2004-374.
626.9295 Corporations, liability of agent.Any surplus lines insurance agent who is an officer, director, stockholder, or employee of an incorporated surplus lines insurance agency shall remain personally and fully liable and accountable for any wrongful acts, misconduct, or violations of any provisions of this code committed by such licensee or by any person under his or her direct supervision and control while acting on behalf of the corporation.
History.ss. 312, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 306, ch. 97-102.
626.930 Records of surplus lines agent.
(1) Each surplus lines agent shall keep in his or her office in this state, or in the agent’s state of residence for a nonresident who does not have an office in this state, a full and true record for a period of 5 years of each surplus lines contract, including applications and all certificates, cover notes, and other forms of confirmation of insurance coverage and any substitutions thereof or endorsements thereto relative to said contract procured by the agent and showing such of the following items as may be applicable:
(a) Amount of the insurance and perils insured against;
(b) Brief general description of property insured and where located;
(c) Gross premium charged;
(d) Return premium paid, if any;
(e) Rate of premium charged upon the several items of property;
(f) Effective date of the contract, and the terms thereof;
(g) Name and post office address of the insured;
(h) Name and home-office address of the insurer;
(i) Amount collected from the insured; and
(j) Other information as may be required by the department.
(2) The record shall at all times be open to examination by the department or the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office without notice and shall be so kept available and open for 5 years next following expiration or cancellation of the contract.
(3) Each surplus lines agent shall maintain all surplus lines business records in his or her general lines agency office or managing general agency office.
History.s. 369, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 311, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 19, ch. 89-360; ss. 177, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 307, ch. 97-102; s. 5, ch. 2001-213; s. 12, ch. 2004-374; s. 37, ch. 2018-102.
626.931 Agent affidavit and insurer reporting requirements.
(1) Each surplus lines agent that has transacted business during a calendar quarter shall on or before the 45th day following the calendar quarter file with the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office an affidavit, on forms as prescribed and furnished by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office, stating that all surplus lines insurance transacted by him or her during such calendar quarter has been submitted to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office as required.
(2) The affidavit of the surplus lines agent shall include efforts made to place coverages with authorized insurers and the results thereof.
(3) Each foreign insurer accepting premiums shall, on or before the end of the month following each calendar quarter, file with the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office a verified report of all surplus lines insurance transacted by such insurer for insurance risks located in this state during such calendar quarter.
(4) Each alien insurer accepting premiums shall, on or before June 30 of each year, file with the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office a verified report of all surplus lines insurance transacted by such insurer for insurance risks located in this state during the preceding calendar year.
(5) The department may waive the filing requirements described in subsections (3) and (4).
(6) Each insurer’s report and supporting information shall be in a computer-readable format as determined by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office or shall be submitted on forms prescribed by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office and shall show for each applicable agent:
(a) A listing of all policies, certificates, cover notes, or other forms of confirmation of insurance coverage or any substitutions thereof or endorsements thereto and the identifying number; and
(b) Any additional information required by the department or Florida Surplus Lines Service Office.
History.s. 370, ch. 59-205; s. 7, ch. 63-86; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 313, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 20, ch. 89-360; ss. 205, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 31, ch. 92-146; s. 308, ch. 97-102; s. 4, ch. 97-196; s. 6, ch. 2001-213; s. 1021, ch. 2003-261; s. 1, ch. 2011-46; s. 16, ch. 2016-132.
626.932 Surplus lines tax.
(1) The premiums charged for surplus lines coverages are subject to a premium receipts tax of 5 percent of all gross premiums charged for such insurance. The surplus lines agent shall collect from the insured the amount of the tax at the time of the delivery of the cover note, certificate of insurance, policy, or other initial confirmation of insurance, in addition to the full amount of the gross premium charged by the insurer for the insurance. The surplus lines agent is prohibited from absorbing such tax or, as an inducement for insurance or for any other reason, rebating all or any part of such tax or of his or her commission.
(2)(a) The surplus lines agent shall make payable to the department the tax related to each calendar quarter’s business as reported to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office, and remit the tax to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office at the same time as provided for the filing of the quarterly affidavit, under s. 626.931. The Florida Surplus Lines Service Office shall forward to the department the taxes and any interest collected pursuant to paragraph (b), within 10 days of receipt.
(b) The agent shall pay interest on the amount of any delinquent tax due, at the rate of 9 percent per year, compounded annually, beginning the day the amount becomes delinquent.
(3) If a surplus lines policy covers risks or exposures only partially in this state and the state is the home state as defined in the federal Nonadmitted and Reinsurance Reform Act of 2010 (NRRA), the tax payable shall be computed on the gross premium. The tax must not exceed the tax rate where the risk or exposure is located.
(4) This section does not apply as to insurance of, or with respect to, vessels, cargo, or aircraft written under s. 626.917, or as to insurance of risks of the state government or its agencies, or of any county or municipality or of any agency thereof.
(5) The department shall deposit 8.8 percent of all taxes collected under this section into the Insurance Regulatory Trust Fund. Ninety-one and two-tenths percent of all taxes collected under this section shall be deposited into the General Revenue Fund.
(6) For the purposes of this section, the term “premium” means the consideration for insurance by whatever name called and includes any assessment, or any membership, policy, survey, inspection, service, or similar fee or charge in consideration for an insurance contract, which items are deemed to be a part of the premium. The per-policy fee authorized by s. 626.916(4) is specifically included within the meaning of the term “premium.” However, the service fee imposed pursuant to s. 626.9325 is excluded from the meaning of the term “premium.”
History.s. 371, ch. 59-205; s. 15, ch. 65-269; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 46, ch. 90-132; ss. 178, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 32, ch. 92-146; s. 309, ch. 97-102; s. 5, ch. 97-196; s. 7, ch. 2001-213; s. 1022, ch. 2003-261; s. 8, ch. 2003-395; s. 4, ch. 2008-132; ss. 7, 9, ch. 2009-70; s. 2, ch. 2011-46; ss. 2, 4, ch. 2014-60.
626.9325 Service fee.
(1) The premiums charged for surplus lines insurance are subject to a service fee as provided in s. 626.921(3)(f). The surplus lines agent shall collect from the insured the amount of the fee at the time of the delivery of the policy, or other initial confirmation of insurance, in addition to the full amount of the gross premium charged by the insurer for the insurance. The surplus lines agent is prohibited from absorbing such fee or, as an inducement for insurance or for any other reason, rebating all or any part of such fee or of his or her commission.
(2)(a) The surplus lines agent shall pay on or before the 45th day following each calendar quarter to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office the fees related to all policies reported during the previous calendar quarter in accordance with the plan of operation of the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office.
(b) The agent shall pay interest on the amount of any delinquent fees due, at the rate of 9 percent per year, compounded annually, beginning the day the amount becomes delinquent.
(3) If a surplus lines policy covers risks or exposures only partially in this state and the state is the home state as defined in the federal Nonadmitted and Reinsurance Reform Act of 2010 (NRRA), the fee payable shall be computed on the gross premium.
(4) This section does not apply as to insurance of risks of the state government or its agencies, or of any county or municipality or of any agency thereof.
(5) The association shall use the fees to fund the cost of operations of the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office.
(6) For the purposes of this section, the term “premium” means the consideration for insurance by whatever name called and includes any assessment, or any membership, policy, survey, inspection, service, or similar fee or charge in consideration for an insurance contract, which items are deemed to be a part of the premium. The per-policy fee authorized by s. 626.916(4) is specifically included within the meaning of the term “premium.”
History.s. 6, ch. 97-196; s. 42, ch. 99-7; s. 3, ch. 2011-46.
626.933 Collection of tax and service fee.If the tax or service fee payable by a surplus lines agent under the Surplus Lines Law is not so paid within the time prescribed, it shall be recoverable in a suit brought by the department against the surplus lines agent. The department may authorize the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office to file suit on its behalf. All costs and expenses incurred in a suit brought by the office which are not recoverable from the agent or surety shall be borne by the office.
History.s. 372, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 8, ch. 2001-213; s. 13, ch. 2004-374; s. 50, ch. 2012-209.
626.934 Accounting for funds; contingent commissions.The following sections also apply as to surplus lines agents:
(1) Section 626.561.
(2) Section 626.581.
(3) Section 626.591.
History.s. 373, ch. 59-205; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.935 Suspension, revocation, or refusal of surplus lines agent’s license.
(1) The department shall deny an application for, suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew the appointment of a surplus lines agent and all other licenses and appointments held by the licensee under this code, on any of the following grounds:
(a) Removal of the licensee’s office from the licensee’s state of residence.
(b) Removal of the accounts and records of his or her surplus lines business from this state or the licensee’s state of residence during the period when such accounts and records are required to be maintained under s. 626.930.
(c) Closure of the licensee’s office for more than 30 consecutive days.
(d) Failure to make and file his or her affidavit or reports when due as required by s. 626.931.
(e) Failure to pay the tax or service fee on surplus lines premiums, as provided in the Surplus Lines Law.
(f) Suspension, revocation, or refusal to renew or continue the license or appointment as a general lines agent, service representative, or managing general agent.
(g) Lack of qualifications as for an original surplus lines agent’s license.
(h) Violation of this Surplus Lines Law.
(i) For any other applicable cause for which the license of a general lines agent could be suspended, revoked, or refused under s. 626.611 or s. 626.621.
(2) The department may, in its discretion, deny an application for, suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew the license or appointment of any surplus lines agent upon any applicable ground for which a general lines agent’s license could be suspended, revoked, or refused under s. 626.621.
(3) In the suspension or revocation of, or the refusal to issue or renew, the license or appointment of a surplus lines agent, the department shall follow the same procedures, as applicable, as provided for suspension, revocation, or refusal of licenses of general lines agents, but subject to s. 626.936 as to failure to file a quarterly report or pay the tax.
(4) The following sections also apply, to the extent so applicable, as to surplus lines agents:
(a) Section 626.641.
(b) Section 626.651.
(c) Section 626.661.
(d) Section 626.681.
(e) Section 626.691.
History.s. 374, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 314, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 179, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 310, ch. 97-102; s. 74, ch. 98-199; s. 9, ch. 2001-213; ss. 14, 45, ch. 2004-374; s. 139, ch. 2007-5; s. 51, ch. 2012-209.
626.936 Failure to file reports or pay tax or service fee; administrative penalty.
(1) Any licensed surplus lines agent who neglects to file a report or an affidavit in the form and within the time required or provided for in the Surplus Lines Law may be fined up to $50 per day for each day the neglect continues, beginning the day after the report or affidavit was due until the date the report or affidavit is received. All sums collected under this section shall be deposited into the Insurance Regulatory Trust Fund.
(2) Any licensed surplus lines agent who neglects to pay the taxes or service fees as required under the Surplus Lines Law and within the time required may be fined up to $500 per day for each day the failure to pay continues, beginning the day after the tax or service fees were due. The agent shall pay interest on the amount of any delinquent tax due, at the rate of 9 percent per year, compounded annually, beginning the day the amount becomes delinquent. The department shall deposit all sums collected under this section into the Insurance Regulatory Trust Fund.
History.s. 375, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 21, ch. 78-95; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 315, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 21, ch. 89-360; ss. 180, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 33, ch. 92-146; s. 10, ch. 2001-213; s. 1023, ch. 2003-261.
626.9361 Failure to file report; administrative penalty.Any eligible surplus lines insurer who fails to file a report in the form and within the time required or provided for in the Surplus Lines Law may be fined up to $500 per day for each day such failure continues, beginning the day after the report was due, until the date the report is received. Failure to file a report may also result in withdrawal of eligibility as a surplus lines insurer in this state. All sums collected by the department under this section shall be deposited into the Insurance Regulatory Trust Fund.
History.s. 34, ch. 92-146; s. 11, ch. 2001-213; s. 1024, ch. 2003-261.
626.9362 Cooperative reciprocal agreement authorized for collection and allocation of certain nonadmitted insurance taxes.
(1) The Department of Financial Services and the Office of Insurance Regulation may enter into a cooperative reciprocal agreement with another state or group of states for the purpose of, but not limited to, the collection and allocation of nonadmitted insurance taxes for multistate risks pursuant to the federal Nonadmitted and Reinsurance Reform Act of 2010 (NRRA) which was incorporated into the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Pub. L. No. 111-203, July 21, 2010.
(2) The terms of the agreement may include, but are not limited to, the following:
(a) Creating a clearinghouse for the purpose of facilitating the receipt and disbursement of nonadmitted insurance taxes.
(b) Specifying requirements and time periods for reporting.
(c) Determining methods for the collection and forwarding of nonadmitted insurance taxes to another state.
(d) Specifying a premium tax allocation formula for multistate risk nonadmitted insurance.
(e) Providing for audits and the exchange of information.
(f) Facilitating the administration of the cooperative reciprocal agreement in a reasonable manner.
(g) Providing for the collection of a service fee to fund the operations and activities of the clearinghouse which shall not exceed 0.3 percent of the gross premium on transactions processed by the clearinghouse.
(3) The Florida Surplus Lines Service Office must implement any cooperative reciprocal agreement entered into by the Department of Financial Services and the Office of Insurance Regulation under this section and has the authority to collect the total tax imposed on a multistate risk nonadmitted insurance premium.
(4) The department and the Office of Insurance Regulation may adopt rules for the administration and enforcement of a cooperative reciprocal agreement entered into with another state or group of states under this section.
(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, this section and any cooperative reciprocal agreement entered into with another state or group of states under this section control the collection and allocation of nonadmitted insurance taxes for multistate risks.
(6) The Legislature may, at its discretion, review any cooperative reciprocal agreement entered into by the Chief Financial Officer and the office with another state or group of states. If the Legislature determines that the cooperative reciprocal agreement is not in the best interest of the state, the Legislature shall instruct the Chief Financial Officer and the office to withdraw from the cooperative reciprocal agreement, pursuant to any notice provisions required by any such agreement.
History.s. 4, ch. 2011-46; s. 104, ch. 2013-15.
626.937 Actions against insurer; service of process.
(1) An unauthorized insurer may be sued upon any cause of action arising in this state under any surplus lines insurance contract issued by it or any certificate, cover note, or other confirmation of such insurance issued by the surplus lines agent, pursuant to the same procedure as is provided in s. 624.423 as to authorized insurers.
(2) The unauthorized insurer accepting the risk or issuing the policy shall be deemed thereby to have authorized service of process against it in the manner and to the effect as provided in this section, and to have appointed the Chief Financial Officer as its agent for service of process issuing upon any cause of action arising in this state under any such policy, contract, or insurance.
(3) Each unauthorized insurer requesting eligibility pursuant to s. 626.918 shall file with the department its appointment of the Chief Financial Officer, on a form as furnished by the department, as its attorney to receive service of all legal process issued against it in any civil action or proceeding in this state, and agreeing that process so served shall be valid and binding upon the insurer. The appointment shall be irrevocable, shall bind the insurer and any successor in interest as to the assets or liabilities of the insurer, and shall remain in effect as long as there is outstanding in this state any obligation or liability of the insurer resulting from its insurance transactions therein.
(4) At the time of such appointment of the Chief Financial Officer as its process agent, the insurer shall file with the department designation of the name and address of the person to whom process against it served upon the Chief Financial Officer is to be forwarded. The insurer may change the designation at any time by a new filing.
(5) This section shall be cumulative to any other methods which may be provided by law for service of process upon the insurer.
History.s. 376, ch. 59-205; s. 8, ch. 63-86; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 311, ch. 97-102; s. 1025, ch. 2003-261.
626.9371 Payment of premiums and claims.
(1) The premiums for surplus lines insurance contracts issued on or after October 1, 2009, in this state or covering risks located in this state shall be paid in cash consisting of coins, currency, checks, or money orders or by using a debit card, credit card, automatic electronic funds transfer, or payroll deduction plan.
(2) All payments of claims made in this state under any contract of surplus lines insurance issued on or after October 1, 2009, shall be made:
(a) In cash consisting of coins, currency, checks, drafts, or money orders and, if made by check or draft, shall be in such form as will comply with the standards for cash items adopted by the Federal Reserve System to facilitate the sorting, routing, and mechanized processing of such items; or
(b) By debit card or any other form of electronic transfer if authorized in writing by the recipient or the recipient’s representative. Any fees or costs to be charged against the recipient must be disclosed in writing to the recipient or the recipient’s representative at the time of written authorization. However, the written authorization requirement may be waived by the recipient or the recipient’s representative if the insurer verifies the identity of the insured or the insured’s recipient and does not charge a fee for the transaction. If the funds are misdirected, the insurer remains liable for the payment of the claim.
History.s. 3, ch. 2009-166.
626.9372 Disclosure statement of certain information required; liability claims.
(1) Each insurer that provides or may provide liability insurance coverage to pay all or a portion of any claim that might be made under surplus lines policies issued on or after October 1, 2009, shall provide, within 60 days after the written request of the claimant, a statement of a corporate officer or the insurer’s claims manager or superintendent setting forth the following information with regard to each known policy of insurance, including excess or umbrella insurance:
(a) The name of the insurer.
(b) The name of each insured.
(c) The limits of the liability coverage.
(d) A statement of any policy or coverage defense that such insurer reasonably believes is available to such insurer at the time of filing such statement.
(e) A copy of the policy.

In addition, the insured, or her or his insurance agent, upon written request of the claimant or the claimant’s attorney, shall disclose the name and coverage of each known insurer to the claimant and forward such request for information as required by this subsection to all affected insurers. The insurer shall supply the information required in this subsection to the claimant within 60 days after receipt of such request.

(2) The statement required by subsection (1) must be amended within 60 days after the date of discovery of facts necessitating an amendment to such statement.
History.s. 4, ch. 2009-166.
626.9373 Attorney’s fees.
(1) Upon the rendition of a judgment or decree by any court of this state against a surplus lines insurer in favor of any named or omnibus insured or the named beneficiary under a policy or contract executed by the insurer on or after the effective date of this act, the trial court or, if the insured or beneficiary prevails on appeal, the appellate court, shall adjudge or decree against the insurer in favor of the insured or beneficiary a reasonable sum as fees or compensation for the insured’s or beneficiary’s attorney prosecuting the lawsuit for which recovery is awarded.
(2) If awarded, attorney’s fees or compensation shall be included in the judgment or decree rendered in the case.
History.s. 5, ch. 2009-166.
626.9374 Liability of insureds; deductible and coinsurance.
(1) Any surplus lines, personal lines residential property insurance policy issued on or after October 1, 2009, containing a separate hurricane or wind deductible must on its face include in at least 14-point, boldface type the following statement: THIS POLICY CONTAINS A SEPARATE DEDUCTIBLE FOR HURRICANE OR WIND LOSSES, WHICH MAY RESULT IN HIGH OUT-OF-POCKET EXPENSES TO YOU.
(2) A surplus lines, personal lines residential property insurance policy issued on or after October 1, 2009, containing a coinsurance provision applicable to hurricane or wind losses must on its face include in at least 14-point, boldface type the following statement: THIS POLICY CONTAINS A CO-PAY PROVISION THAT MAY RESULT IN HIGH OUT-OF-POCKET EXPENSES TO YOU.
History.s. 6, ch. 2009-166.
626.938 Report and tax of independently procured coverages.
(1) Every insured who in this state procures or causes to be procured or continues or renews insurance from another state or country with an unauthorized foreign or alien insurer legitimately licensed in that jurisdiction, or any self-insurer who in this state so procures or continues excess loss, catastrophe, or other insurance, upon a subject of insurance resident, located, or to be performed within this state, other than insurance procured through a surplus lines agent pursuant to the Surplus Lines Law of this state or exempted from tax under s. 626.932(4), shall, within 30 days after the date such insurance was so procured, continued, or renewed, file a report of the same with the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office in writing and upon forms designated by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office and furnished to such an insured upon request, or in a computer readable format as determined by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office. The report shall show the name and address of the insured or insureds, the name and address of the insurer, the subject of the insurance, a general description of the coverage, the amount of premium currently charged therefor, and such additional pertinent information as is reasonably requested by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office.
(2) Any insurance on a risk located in this state in an unauthorized insurer legitimately licensed in another state or country procured through solicitations, negotiations, or an application occurring or made outside this state shall be deemed to be insurance procured, continued, or renewed in this state within the intent of subsection (1).
(3) For the general support of the government of this state, there is levied upon the obligation, chose in action, or right represented by the premium charged for such insurance a tax at the rate of 5 percent of the gross amount of such premium and a 0.3 percent service fee pursuant to s. 626.9325. If the policy covers risks or exposures only partially in this state and this state is the home state as defined by the federal Nonadmitted and Reinsurance Reform Act of 2010 (NRRA), the tax and service fee payable shall be computed on the gross premium. The tax must not exceed the tax rate where the risk or exposure is located. The insured shall withhold the amount of the tax and service fee from the amount of premium charged by and otherwise payable to the insurer for such insurance. On or before the 45th day following each calendar quarter after the insurance is procured, continued, or renewed, the insured shall make payable to the department the amount of the tax and make payable to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office the amount of the service fee. The insured shall remit the tax and the service fee to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office. The Florida Surplus Lines Service Office shall forward to the department the taxes, and any interest collected pursuant to subsection (5), within 10 days after receipt.
(4) If the insured fails to withhold from the premium the amount of tax and the service fee herein levied, the insured shall be liable for the amount thereof and shall pay that amount to the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office within the time stated in subsection (3).
(5) The tax imposed hereunder, if delinquent, shall bear interest at the rate of 6 percent per year, compounded annually.
(6) The tax shall be collectible from the insured by civil action brought by the department or by distraint.
(7) The department shall deposit 8.8 percent of all taxes and interest collected under this section into the Insurance Regulatory Trust Fund. Ninety-one and two-tenths percent of all taxes and interest collected under this section shall be deposited into the General Revenue Fund.
(8) This section does not abrogate or modify, and shall not be construed or deemed to abrogate or modify, any provision of s. 626.901, s. 626.902, s. 626.903, or any other provision of this code.
(9) This section does not authorize independent procurement of workers’ compensation insurance, life insurance, or health insurance.
(10) Each report and supporting information shall be in a computer-readable format as determined by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office or shall be submitted on forms prescribed by the Florida Surplus Lines Service Office.
History.s. 377, ch. 59-205; s. 9, ch. 63-86; s. 16, ch. 65-269; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 316, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; s. 47, ch. 90-132; ss. 181, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 35, ch. 92-146; s. 12, ch. 2001-213; s. 1026, ch. 2003-261; s. 9, ch. 2003-395; s. 9, ch. 2006-305; s. 5, ch. 2008-132; ss. 8, 9, ch. 2009-70; s. 5, ch. 2011-46; ss. 3, 4, ch. 2014-60.
626.939 Records produced on order.
(1) Every person by or as to whom insurance is procured or placed in an unauthorized insurer, upon the order of the department, shall produce for examination by the department, or by the authorized representative of the department, all policies and other documents evidencing the insurance and shall disclose to the department the amount of gross premiums paid or agreed to be paid for the insurance. For each refusal to obey such order, such person, upon conviction thereof, shall be liable to a fine of not more than $500.
(2) This section does not apply to life insurance or health insurance.
History.s. 378, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 317, 318, 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 182, 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 36, ch. 92-146; s. 23, ch. 99-3.
PART IX
UNFAIR INSURANCE TRADE PRACTICES
626.951 Declaration of purpose.
626.9511 Definitions.
626.9521 Unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices prohibited; penalties.
626.9531 Identification of insurers, agents, and insurance contracts.
626.9541 Unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices defined.
626.9543 Holocaust victims.
626.9545 Improper charge identification incentive program.
626.9551 Favored agent or insurer; coercion of debtors.
626.9561 Power of department and office.
626.9571 Defined practices; hearings, witnesses, appearances, production of books and service of process.
626.9581 Cease and desist and penalty orders.
626.9591 Appeals from the department or office.
626.9601 Penalty for violation of cease and desist orders.
626.9611 Rules.
626.9621 Provisions of part additional to existing law.
626.9631 Civil liability.
626.9641 Policyholders, bill of rights.
626.9651 Privacy.
626.9701 Rate increases and premium surcharges; consideration of certain noncriminal violations for excessive speed prohibited.
626.9702 Illegal dealings in premiums; excess charges for insurance.
626.9705 Life or disability insurance; illegal dealings.
626.9706 Life insurance; discrimination on basis of sickle-cell trait prohibited.
626.9707 Disability insurance; discrimination on basis of sickle-cell trait prohibited.
626.973 Fictitious groups.
626.9741 Use of credit reports and credit scores by insurers.
626.9743 Claim settlement practices relating to motor vehicle insurance.
626.9744 Claim settlement practices relating to property insurance.
626.9885 Financial institutions conducting insurance transactions.
626.989 Investigation by department or Division of Investigative and Forensic Services; compliance; immunity; confidential information; reports to division; division investigator’s power of arrest.
626.9891 Insurer anti-fraud investigative units; reporting requirements; penalties for noncompliance.
626.9892 Anti-Fraud Reward Program; reporting of insurance fraud.
626.9893 Disposition of revenues; criminal or forfeiture proceedings.
626.9894 Gifts and grants.
626.9896 Dedicated insurance fraud prosecutors.
626.99 Life insurance solicitation.
626.951 Declaration of purpose.
(1) The purpose of this part is to regulate trade practices relating to the business of insurance in accordance with the intent of Congress as expressed in the Act of Congress of March 9, 1945 (Pub. L. No. 15, 79th Congress), by defining, or providing for the determination of, all such practices in this state which constitute unfair methods of competition or unfair or deceptive acts or practices and by prohibiting the trade practices so defined or determined.
(2) This part shall be entitled the “Unfair Insurance Trade Practices Act.”
History.s. 379, ch. 59-205; s. 9, ch. 76-260; s. 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
626.9511 Definitions.When used in this part:
(1) “Person” means any individual, corporation, association, partnership, reciprocal exchange, interinsurer, Lloyds insurer, fraternal benefit society, or business trust or any entity involved in the business of insurance.
(2) “Insurance policy” or “insurance contract” means a written contract of, or a written agreement for or effecting, insurance, or the certificate thereof, by whatever name called, and includes all clauses, riders, endorsements, and papers which are a part thereof.
History.s. 9, ch. 76-260; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 1027, ch. 2003-261.
1626.9521 Unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices prohibited; penalties.
(1) No person shall engage in this state in any trade practice which is defined in this part as, or determined pursuant to s. 626.951 or s. 626.9561 to be, an unfair method of competition or an unfair or deceptive act or practice involving the business of insurance.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (3), any person who violates any provision of this part is subject to a fine in an amount not greater than $5,000 for each nonwillful violation and not greater than $40,000 for each willful violation. Fines under this subsection imposed against an insurer may not exceed an aggregate amount of $20,000 for all nonwillful violations arising out of the same action or an aggregate amount of $200,000 for all willful violations arising out of the same action. The fines may be imposed in addition to any other applicable penalty.
(3)(a) If a person violates s. 626.9541(1)(l), the offense known as “twisting,” or violates s. 626.9541(1)(aa), the offense known as “churning,” the person commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, and an administrative fine not greater than $5,000 shall be imposed for each nonwillful violation or an administrative fine not greater than $75,000 shall be imposed for each willful violation. To impose an administrative fine for a willful violation under this paragraph, the practice of “churning” or “twisting” must involve fraudulent conduct.
(b) If a person violates s. 626.9541(1)(ee) by willfully submitting fraudulent signatures on an application or policy-related document, the person commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, and an administrative fine not greater than $5,000 shall be imposed for each nonwillful violation or an administrative fine not greater than $75,000 shall be imposed for each willful violation.
(c) Administrative fines under this subsection may not exceed an aggregate amount of $50,000 for all nonwillful violations arising out of the same action or an aggregate amount of $250,000 for all willful violations arising out of the same action.
(4) A licensee must make all reasonable efforts to ascertain the consumer’s age at the time an insurance application is completed.
(5) If a consumer who is a senior citizen is a victim, a video deposition of the victim may be used for any purpose in any administrative proceeding conducted pursuant to chapter 120 if all parties are given proper notice of the deposition in accordance with the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure.
History.s. 9, ch. 76-260; s. 807, ch. 82-243; ss. 206, 207, ch. 90-363; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 37, ch. 92-146; s. 7, ch. 2008-66; ss. 5, 6, ch. 2008-237; s. 50, ch. 2010-175.
1Note.Section 12, ch. 2008-237, provides in part that “[e]ffective [June 30, 2008,] the Department of Financial Services may adopt rules to implement this act.”
626.9531 Identification of insurers, agents, and insurance contracts.
(1) Advertising materials and other communications developed by insurers, or other risk bearing entities authorized under this code and approved by the office to do business in this state, regarding insurance products shall clearly indicate that the communication relates to insurance products. When soliciting or selling insurance products, agents shall clearly indicate to prospective insureds that they are acting as insurance agents with regard to insurance products and identified insurers, or other risk bearing entities authorized under this code and approved by the office to do business in this state.
(2) There shall be no liability to the insured on the part of, and no cause of action of any nature shall arise against, any licensed and appointed insurance agent for the insolvency of any risk bearing entity when such entity has been duly authorized or approved by the office to do business in this state. However, if the licensed and appointed agent was a controlling producer, as defined in s. 626.7491(2), of the risk bearing entity within 2 years preceding the insolvency, the agent is subject to penalty as provided in s. 626.7491(8).
(3) For the purposes of this section, the term “risk bearing entity” means a reciprocal insurer as defined in s. 629.021, a commercial self-insurance fund as defined in s. 624.462, a group self-insurance fund as defined in s. 624.4621, a local government self-insurance fund as defined in s. 624.4622, a self-insured public utility as defined in s. 624.46225, or an independent educational institution self-insurance fund as defined in s. 624.4623. For the purposes of this section, the term “risk bearing entity” does not include an authorized insurer as defined in s. 624.09.
History.s. 21, ch. 2001-142; s. 9, ch. 2007-199.
626.9541 Unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices defined.
(1) UNFAIR METHODS OF COMPETITION AND UNFAIR OR DECEPTIVE ACTS.The following are defined as unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices:
(a) Misrepresentations and false advertising of insurance policies.Knowingly making, issuing, circulating, or causing to be made, issued, or circulated, any estimate, illustration, circular, statement, sales presentation, omission, comparison, or property and casualty certificate of insurance altered after being issued, which:
1. Misrepresents the benefits, advantages, conditions, or terms of any insurance policy.
2. Misrepresents the dividends or share of the surplus to be received on any insurance policy.
3. Makes any false or misleading statements as to the dividends or share of surplus previously paid on any insurance policy.
4. Is misleading, or is a misrepresentation, as to the financial condition of any person or as to the legal reserve system upon which any life insurer operates.
5. Uses any name or title of any insurance policy or class of insurance policies misrepresenting the true nature thereof.
6. Is a misrepresentation for the purpose of inducing, or tending to induce, the lapse, forfeiture, exchange, conversion, or surrender of any insurance policy.
7. Is a misrepresentation for the purpose of effecting a pledge or assignment of, or effecting a loan against, any insurance policy.
8. Misrepresents any insurance policy as being shares of stock or misrepresents ownership interest in the company.
9. Uses any advertisement that would mislead or otherwise cause a reasonable person to believe mistakenly that the state or the Federal Government is responsible for the insurance sales activities of any person or stands behind any person’s credit or that any person, the state, or the Federal Government guarantees any returns on insurance products or is a source of payment of any insurance obligation of or sold by any person.
(b) False information and advertising generally.Knowingly making, publishing, disseminating, circulating, or placing before the public, or causing, directly or indirectly, to be made, published, disseminated, circulated, or placed before the public:
1. In a newspaper, magazine, or other publication,
2. In the form of a notice, circular, pamphlet, letter, or poster,
3. Over any radio or television station, or
4. In any other way,

an advertisement, announcement, or statement containing any assertion, representation, or statement with respect to the business of insurance, which is untrue, deceptive, or misleading.

(c) Defamation.Knowingly making, publishing, disseminating, or circulating, directly or indirectly, or aiding, abetting, or encouraging the making, publishing, disseminating, or circulating of, any oral or written statement, or any pamphlet, circular, article, or literature, which is false or maliciously critical of, or derogatory to, any person and which is calculated to injure such person.
(d) Boycott, coercion, and intimidation.Entering into any agreement to commit, or by any concerted action committing, any act of boycott, coercion, or intimidation resulting in, or tending to result in, unreasonable restraint of, or monopoly in, the business of insurance.
(e) False statements and entries.
1. Knowingly:
a. Filing with any supervisory or other public official,
b. Making, publishing, disseminating, circulating,
c. Delivering to any person,
d. Placing before the public,
e. Causing, directly or indirectly, to be made, published, disseminated, circulated, delivered to any person, or placed before the public,

any false material statement.

2. Knowingly making any false entry of a material fact in any book, report, or statement of any person, or knowingly omitting to make a true entry of any material fact pertaining to the business of such person in any book, report, or statement of such person.
(f) Stock operations and advisory board contracts.Issuing or delivering, promising to issue or deliver, or permitting agents, officers, or employees to issue or deliver, agency company stock or other capital stock, benefit certificates or shares in any common-law corporation, or securities or any special or advisory board contracts or other contracts of any kind promising returns or profits as an inducement to insurance.
(g) Unfair discrimination.
1. Knowingly making or permitting unfair discrimination between individuals of the same actuarially supportable class and equal expectation of life, in the rates charged for a life insurance or annuity contract, in the dividends or other benefits payable thereon, or in any other term or condition of such contract.
2. Knowingly making or permitting unfair discrimination between individuals of the same actuarially supportable class, as determined at the time of initial issuance of the coverage, and essentially the same hazard, in the amount of premium, policy fees, or rates charged for a policy or contract of accident, disability, or health insurance, in the benefits payable thereunder, in the terms or conditions of such contract, or in any other manner.
3. For a health insurer, life insurer, disability insurer, property and casualty insurer, automobile insurer, or managed care provider to underwrite a policy, or refuse to issue, reissue, or renew a policy, refuse to pay a claim, cancel or otherwise terminate a policy, or increase rates based upon the fact that an insured or applicant who is also the proposed insured has made a claim or sought or should have sought medical or psychological treatment in the past for abuse, protection from abuse, or shelter from abuse, or that a claim was caused in the past by, or might occur as a result of, any future assault, battery, or sexual assault by a family or household member upon another family or household member as defined in s. 741.28. A health insurer, life insurer, disability insurer, or managed care provider may refuse to underwrite, issue, or renew a policy based on the applicant’s medical condition, but may not consider whether such condition was caused by an act of abuse. For purposes of this section, the term “abuse” means the occurrence of one or more of the following acts:
a. Attempting or committing assault, battery, sexual assault, or sexual battery;
b. Placing another in fear of imminent serious bodily injury by physical menace;
c. False imprisonment;
d. Physically or sexually abusing a minor child; or
e. An act of domestic violence as defined in s. 741.28.

This subparagraph does not prohibit a property and casualty insurer or an automobile insurer from excluding coverage for intentional acts by the insured if such exclusion is not an act of unfair discrimination as defined in this paragraph.

4. For a personal lines property or personal lines automobile insurer to:
a. Refuse to issue, reissue, or renew a policy; cancel or otherwise terminate a policy; or charge an unfairly discriminatory rate in this state based on the lawful use, possession, or ownership of a firearm or ammunition by the insurance applicant, insured, or a household member of the applicant or insured. This sub-subparagraph does not prevent an insurer from charging a supplemental premium that is not unfairly discriminatory for a separate rider voluntarily requested by the insurance applicant to insure a firearm or a firearm collection whose value exceeds the standard policy coverage.
b. Disclose the lawful ownership or possession of firearms of an insurance applicant, insured, or household member of the applicant or insured to a third party or an affiliated entity of the insurer unless the insurer discloses to the applicant or insured the specific need to disclose the information and the applicant or insured expressly consents to the disclosure, or the disclosure is necessary to quote or bind coverage, continue coverage, or adjust a claim. For purposes of underwriting and issuing insurance coverage, this sub-subparagraph does not prevent the sharing of information between an insurance company and its licensed insurance agent if a separate rider has been voluntarily requested by the policyholder or prospective policyholder to insure a firearm or a firearm collection whose value exceeds the standard policy coverage.
(h) Unlawful rebates.
1. Except as otherwise expressly provided by law, or in an applicable filing with the office, knowingly:
a. Permitting, or offering to make, or making, any contract or agreement as to such contract other than as plainly expressed in the insurance contract issued thereon;
b. Paying, allowing, or giving, or offering to pay, allow, or give, directly or indirectly, as inducement to such insurance contract, any unlawful rebate of premiums payable on the contract, any special favor or advantage in the dividends or other benefits thereon, or any valuable consideration or inducement whatever not specified in the contract;
c. Giving, selling, or purchasing, or offering to give, sell, or purchase, as inducement to such insurance contract or in connection therewith, any stocks, bonds, or other securities of any insurance company or other corporation, association, or partnership, or any dividends or profits accrued thereon, or anything of value whatsoever not specified in the insurance contract.
2. Nothing in paragraph (g) or subparagraph 1. of this paragraph shall be construed as including within the definition of discrimination or unlawful rebates:
a. In the case of any contract of life insurance or life annuity, paying bonuses to all policyholders or otherwise abating their premiums in whole or in part out of surplus accumulated from nonparticipating insurance; provided that any such bonuses or abatement of premiums is fair and equitable to all policyholders and for the best interests of the company and its policyholders.
b. In the case of life insurance policies issued on the industrial debit plan, making allowance to policyholders who have continuously for a specified period made premium payments directly to an office of the insurer in an amount which fairly represents the saving in collection expenses.
c. Readjustment of the rate of premium for a group insurance policy based on the loss or expense thereunder, at the end of the first or any subsequent policy year of insurance thereunder, which may be made retroactive only for such policy year.
d. Issuance of life insurance policies or annuity contracts at rates less than the usual rates of premiums for such policies or contracts, as group insurance or employee insurance as defined in this code.
e. Issuing life or disability insurance policies on a salary savings, bank draft, preauthorized check, payroll deduction, or other similar plan at a reduced rate reasonably related to the savings made by the use of such plan.
3.a. No title insurer, or any member, employee, attorney, agent, or agency thereof, shall pay, allow, or give, or offer to pay, allow, or give, directly or indirectly, as inducement to title insurance, or after such insurance has been effected, any rebate or abatement of the premium or any other charge or fee, or provide any special favor or advantage, or any monetary consideration or inducement whatever.
b. Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed as prohibiting the payment of fees to attorneys at law duly licensed to practice law in the courts of this state, for professional services, or as prohibiting the payment of earned portions of the premium to duly appointed agents or agencies who actually perform services for the title insurer. Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed as prohibiting a rebate or abatement of an attorney fee charged for professional services, or that portion of the premium that is not required to be retained by the insurer pursuant to s. 627.782(1), or any other agent charge or fee to the person responsible for paying the premium, charge, or fee.
c. No insured named in a policy, or any other person directly or indirectly connected with the transaction involving the issuance of such policy, including, but not limited to, any mortgage broker, real estate broker, builder, or attorney, any employee, agent, agency, or representative thereof, or any other person whatsoever, shall knowingly receive or accept, directly or indirectly, any rebate or abatement of any portion of the title insurance premium or of any other charge or fee or any monetary consideration or inducement whatsoever, except as set forth in sub-subparagraph b.; provided, in no event shall any portion of the attorney fee, any portion of the premium that is not required to be retained by the insurer pursuant to s. 627.782(1), any agent charge or fee, or any other monetary consideration or inducement be paid directly or indirectly for the referral of title insurance business.
(i) Unfair claim settlement practices.
1. Attempting to settle claims on the basis of an application, when serving as a binder or intended to become a part of the policy, or any other material document which was altered without notice to, or knowledge or consent of, the insured;
2. A material misrepresentation made to an insured or any other person having an interest in the proceeds payable under such contract or policy, for the purpose and with the intent of effecting settlement of such claims, loss, or damage under such contract or policy on less favorable terms than those provided in, and contemplated by, such contract or policy; or
3. Committing or performing with such frequency as to indicate a general business practice any of the following:
a. Failing to adopt and implement standards for the proper investigation of claims;
b. Misrepresenting pertinent facts or insurance policy provisions relating to coverages at issue;
c. Failing to acknowledge and act promptly upon communications with respect to claims;
d. Denying claims without conducting reasonable investigations based upon available information;
e. Failing to affirm or deny full or partial coverage of claims, and, as to partial coverage, the dollar amount or extent of coverage, or failing to provide a written statement that the claim is being investigated, upon the written request of the insured within 30 days after proof-of-loss statements have been completed;
f. Failing to promptly provide a reasonable explanation in writing to the insured of the basis in the insurance policy, in relation to the facts or applicable law, for denial of a claim or for the offer of a compromise settlement;
g. Failing to promptly notify the insured of any additional information necessary for the processing of a claim; or
h. Failing to clearly explain the nature of the requested information and the reasons why such information is necessary.
i. Failing to pay personal injury protection insurance claims within the time periods required by s. 627.736(4)(b). The office may order the insurer to pay restitution to a policyholder, medical provider, or other claimant, including interest at a rate consistent with the amount set forth in s. 55.03(1), for the time period within which an insurer fails to pay claims as required by law. Restitution is in addition to any other penalties allowed by law, including, but not limited to, the suspension of the insurer’s certificate of authority.
4. Failing to pay undisputed amounts of partial or full benefits owed under first-party property insurance policies within 90 days after an insurer receives notice of a residential property insurance claim, determines the amounts of partial or full benefits, and agrees to coverage, unless payment of the undisputed benefits is prevented by an act of God, prevented by the impossibility of performance, or due to actions by the insured or claimant that constitute fraud, lack of cooperation, or intentional misrepresentation regarding the claim for which benefits are owed.
(j) Failure to maintain complaint-handling procedures.Failure of any person to maintain a complete record of all the complaints received since the date of the last examination. For purposes of this paragraph, “complaint” means any written communication primarily expressing a grievance.
(k) Misrepresentation in insurance applications.
1. Knowingly making a false or fraudulent written or oral statement or representation on, or relative to, an application or negotiation for an insurance policy for the purpose of obtaining a fee, commission, money, or other benefit from any insurer, agent, broker, or individual.
2. Knowingly making a material omission in the comparison of a life, health, or Medicare supplement insurance replacement policy with the policy it replaces for the purpose of obtaining a fee, commission, money, or other benefit from any insurer, agent, broker, or individual. For the purposes of this subparagraph, a material omission includes the failure to advise the insured of the existence and operation of a preexisting condition clause in the replacement policy.
(l) Twisting.Knowingly making any misleading representations or incomplete or fraudulent comparisons or fraudulent material omissions of or with respect to any insurance policies or insurers for the purpose of inducing, or tending to induce, any person to lapse, forfeit, surrender, terminate, retain, pledge, assign, borrow on, or convert any insurance policy or to take out a policy of insurance in another insurer.
(m) Advertising and promotional gifts and charitable contributions permitted.
1. The provisions of paragraph (f), paragraph (g), or paragraph (h) do not prohibit a licensed insurer or its agent from:
a. Giving to insureds, prospective insureds, or others any article of merchandise, goods, wares, store gift cards, gift certificates, event tickets, anti-fraud or loss mitigation services, or other items having a total value of $100 or less per insured or prospective insured in any calendar year.
b. Making charitable contributions, as defined in s. 170(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, on behalf of insureds or prospective insureds, of up to $100 per insured or prospective insured in any calendar year.
2. The provisions of paragraph (f), paragraph (g), or paragraph (h) do not prohibit a title insurance agent or title insurance agency, as those terms are defined in s. 626.841, or a title insurer, as defined in s. 627.7711, from giving to insureds, prospective insureds, or others, for the purpose of advertising, any article of merchandise having a value of not more than $25. A person or entity governed by this subparagraph is not subject to subparagraph 1.
(n) Free insurance prohibited.
1. Advertising, offering, or providing free insurance as an inducement to the purchase or sale of real or personal property or of services directly or indirectly connected with such real or personal property.
2. For the purposes of this paragraph, “free” insurance is:
a. Insurance for which no identifiable and additional charge is made to the purchaser of such real property, personal property, or services.
b. Insurance for which an identifiable or additional charge is made in an amount less than the cost of such insurance as to the seller or other person, other than the insurer, providing the same.
3. Subparagraphs 1. and 2. do not apply to:
a. Insurance of, loss of, or damage to the real or personal property involved in any such sale or services, under a policy covering the interests therein of the seller or vendor.
b. Blanket disability insurance as defined in s. 627.659.
c. Credit life insurance or credit disability insurance.
d. Any individual, isolated, nonrecurring unadvertised transaction not in the regular course of business.
e. Title insurance.
f. Any purchase agreement involving the purchase of a cemetery lot or lots in which, under stated conditions, any balance due is forgiven upon the death of the purchaser.
g. Life insurance, trip cancellation insurance, or lost baggage insurance offered by a travel agency as part of a travel package offered by and booked through the agency.
4. Using the word “free” or words which imply the provision of insurance without a cost to describe life or disability insurance, in connection with the advertising or offering for sale of any kind of goods, merchandise, or services.
(o) Illegal dealings in premiums; excess or reduced charges for insurance.
1. Knowingly collecting any sum as a premium or charge for insurance, which is not then provided, or is not in due course to be provided, subject to acceptance of the risk by the insurer, by an insurance policy issued by an insurer as permitted by this code.
2. Knowingly collecting as a premium or charge for insurance any sum in excess of or less than the premium or charge applicable to such insurance, in accordance with the applicable classifications and rates as filed with and approved by the office, and as specified in the policy; or, in cases when classifications, premiums, or rates are not required by this code to be so filed and approved, premiums and charges collected from a Florida resident in excess of or less than those specified in the policy and as fixed by the insurer. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, this provision shall not be deemed to prohibit the charging and collection, by surplus lines agents licensed under part VIII of this chapter, of the amount of applicable state and federal taxes, or fees as authorized by s. 626.916(4), in addition to the premium required by the insurer or the charging and collection, by licensed agents, of the exact amount of any discount or other such fee charged by a credit card facility in connection with the use of a credit card, as authorized by subparagraph (q)3., in addition to the premium required by the insurer. This subparagraph shall not be construed to prohibit collection of a premium for a universal life or a variable or indeterminate value insurance policy made in accordance with the terms of the contract.
3.a. Imposing or requesting an additional premium for a policy of motor vehicle liability, personal injury protection, medical payment, or collision insurance or any combination thereof or refusing to renew the policy solely because the insured was involved in a motor vehicle accident unless the insurer’s file contains information from which the insurer in good faith determines that the insured was substantially at fault in the accident.
b. An insurer which imposes and collects such a surcharge or which refuses to renew such policy shall, in conjunction with the notice of premium due or notice of nonrenewal, notify the named insured that he or she is entitled to reimbursement of such amount or renewal of the policy under the conditions listed below and will subsequently reimburse him or her or renew the policy, if the named insured demonstrates that the operator involved in the accident was:
(I) Lawfully parked;
(II) Reimbursed by, or on behalf of, a person responsible for the accident or has a judgment against such person;
(III) Struck in the rear by another vehicle headed in the same direction and was not convicted of a moving traffic violation in connection with the accident;
(IV) Hit by a “hit-and-run” driver, if the accident was reported to the proper authorities within 24 hours after discovering the accident;
(V) Not convicted of a moving traffic violation in connection with the accident, but the operator of the other automobile involved in such accident was convicted of a moving traffic violation;
(VI) Finally adjudicated not to be liable by a court of competent jurisdiction;
(VII) In receipt of a traffic citation which was dismissed or nolle prossed; or
(VIII) Not at fault as evidenced by a written statement from the insured establishing facts demonstrating lack of fault which are not rebutted by information in the insurer’s file from which the insurer in good faith determines that the insured was substantially at fault.
c. In addition to the other provisions of this subparagraph, an insurer may not fail to renew a policy if the insured has had only one accident in which he or she was at fault within the current 3-year period. However, an insurer may nonrenew a policy for reasons other than accidents in accordance with s. 627.728. This subparagraph does not prohibit nonrenewal of a policy under which the insured has had three or more accidents, regardless of fault, during the most recent 3-year period.
4. Imposing or requesting an additional premium for, or refusing to renew, a policy for motor vehicle insurance solely because the insured committed a noncriminal traffic infraction as described in s. 318.14 unless the infraction is:
a. A second infraction committed within an 18-month period, or a third or subsequent infraction committed within a 36-month period.
b. A violation of s. 316.183, when such violation is a result of exceeding the lawful speed limit by more than 15 miles per hour.