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The Florida Statutes

The 2016 Florida Statutes

Title XLVII
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE AND CORRECTIONS
Chapter 933
SEARCH AND INSPECTION WARRANTS
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CHAPTER 933
CHAPTER 933
SEARCH AND INSPECTION WARRANTS
933.01 Persons competent to issue search warrant.
933.02 Grounds for issuance of search warrant.
933.03 Destruction of obscene prints and literature.
933.04 Affidavits.
933.05 Issuance in blank prohibited.
933.06 Sworn application required before issuance.
933.07 Issuance of search warrants.
933.08 Search warrants to be served by officers mentioned therein.
933.09 Officer may break open door, etc., to execute warrant.
933.10 Execution of search warrant during day or night.
933.101 Service on Sunday.
933.11 Duplicate to be delivered when warrant served.
933.12 Return and inventory.
933.13 Copy of inventory shall be delivered upon request.
933.14 Return of property taken under search warrant.
933.15 Obstruction of service or execution of search warrant; penalty.
933.16 Maliciously procuring search warrant to be issued; penalty.
933.17 Exceeding authority in executing search warrant; penalty.
933.18 When warrant may be issued for search of private dwelling.
933.19 Searches and seizures of vehicles carrying contraband or illegal intoxicating liquors or merchandise.
933.20 “Inspection warrant”; definition.
933.21 Requirements for issuance of inspection warrant.
933.22 When cause deemed to exist.
933.23 Examination of applicant for inspection warrant.
933.24 Issuance of inspection warrant; contents.
933.25 Duration of inspection warrant.
933.26 Conduct of inspection; notice.
933.27 Refusal to permit authorized inspection; penalty.
933.28 Maliciously causing issuance of inspection warrant; penalty.
933.29 Powers of state agency not restricted.
933.30 Inspector; restrictions on giving information, testifying, etc.
933.40 Agriculture warrants.
933.01 Persons competent to issue search warrant.A search warrant authorized by law may be issued by any judge, including the committing judge of the trial court having jurisdiction where the place, vehicle, or thing to be searched may be.
History.RS 3006; GS 4082; RGS 6186; s. 3, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8500, 8505; s. 42, ch. 73-334; s. 35, ch. 2004-11.
933.02 Grounds for issuance of search warrant.Upon proper affidavits being made, a search warrant may be issued under the provisions of this chapter upon any of the following grounds:
(1) When the property shall have been stolen or embezzled in violation of law;
(2) When any property shall have been used:
(a) As a means to commit any crime;
(b) In connection with gambling, gambling implements and appliances; or
(c) In violation of s. 847.011 or other laws in reference to obscene prints and literature;
(3) When any property constitutes evidence relevant to proving that a felony has been committed;
(4) When any property is being held or possessed:
(a) In violation of any of the laws prohibiting the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors;
(b) In violation of the fish and game laws;
(c) In violation of the laws relative to food and drug; or
(d) In violation of the laws relative to citrus disease pursuant to s. 581.184; or
(5) When the laws in relation to cruelty to animals, as provided in chapter 828, have been or are violated in any particular building or place.

This section also applies to any papers or documents used as a means of or in aid of the commission of any offense against the laws of the state.

History.s. 16, sub-ch. 8, ch. 1637, 1868; s. 6, ch. 3921, 1889; RS 3007, 3008; GS 4083, 4084; RGS 6187, 6188; s. 4, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8501, 8502, 8506; s. 2, ch. 74-318; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 2, ch. 2002-11; s. 2, ch. 2003-188; s. 7, ch. 2006-45; s. 3, ch. 2010-35.
933.03 Destruction of obscene prints and literature.All obscene prints and literature, or other things mentioned in s. 847.011 found by an officer in executing a search warrant, or produced or brought into court, shall be safely kept so long as is necessary for the purpose of being used as evidence in any case, and as soon as may be afterwards, shall be destroyed by order of the court before whom the case is brought.
History.s. 16, ch. 1637, 1868; RS 3007; GS 4083; RGS 6187; CGL 8501.
933.04 Affidavits.The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable seizures and searches shall not be violated and no search warrant shall be issued except upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation particularly describing the place to be searched and the person and thing to be seized.
History.s. 2, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8504.
933.05 Issuance in blank prohibited.A search warrant cannot be issued except upon probable cause supported by affidavit or affidavits, naming or describing the person, place, or thing to be searched and particularly describing the property or thing to be seized; no search warrant shall be issued in blank, and any such warrant shall be returned within 10 days after issuance thereof.
History.s. 5, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8507.
933.06 Sworn application required before issuance.The judge must, before issuing the warrant, have the application of some person for said warrant duly sworn to and subscribed, and may receive further testimony from witnesses or supporting affidavits, or depositions in writing, to support the application. The affidavit and further proof, if same be had or required, must set forth the facts tending to establish the grounds of the application or probable cause for believing that they exist.
History.s. 6, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8508; s. 36, ch. 2004-11.
933.07 Issuance of search warrants.
(1) The judge, upon examination of the application and proofs submitted, if satisfied that probable cause exists for the issuing of the search warrant, shall thereupon issue a search warrant signed by him or her with his or her name of office, to any sheriff and the sheriff’s deputies or any police officer or other person authorized by law to execute process, commanding the officer or person forthwith to search the property described in the warrant or the person named, for the property specified, and to bring the property and any person arrested in connection therewith before the judge or some other court having jurisdiction of the offense.
(2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, based on grounds specified in s. 933.02(4)(d), may obtain a search warrant authorized by this chapter for an area in size up to and including the full extent of the county in which the search warrant is issued. The judge issuing such search warrant shall conduct a court proceeding prior to the issuance of such search warrant upon reasonable notice and shall receive, hear, and determine any objections by property owners to the issuance of such search warrant. Such search warrant may be served by employees or authorized contractors of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Such search warrant may be made returnable at any time up to 6 months from the date of issuance.
(3) A judge may electronically sign a search warrant if the requirements of subsection (1) or subsection (2) are met and the judge, based on an examination of the application and proofs submitted, determines that the application:
(a) Bears the affiant’s signature, or electronic signature if the application was submitted electronically.
(b) Is supported by an oath or affirmation administered by the judge or other person authorized by law to administer oaths.
(c) If submitted electronically, is submitted by reliable electronic means.
(4) A search warrant shall be deemed to be issued by a judge at the time the judge affixes the judge’s signature or electronic signature to the warrant. As used in this section, the term “electronic signature” has the same meaning as provided in s. 933.40.
History.s. 7, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8509; s. 42, ch. 73-334; s. 1, ch. 79-131; s. 1570, ch. 97-102; s. 3, ch. 2002-11; s. 37, ch. 2004-11; s. 158, ch. 2007-5; s. 2, ch. 2013-247.
933.08 Search warrants to be served by officers mentioned therein.The search warrant shall in all cases be served by any of the officers mentioned in its direction, but by no other person except in aid of the officer requiring it, said officer being present and acting in its execution.
History.s. 8, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8510.
933.09 Officer may break open door, etc., to execute warrant.The officer may break open any outer door, inner door or window of a house, or any part of a house or anything therein, to execute the warrant, if after due notice of the officer’s authority and purpose he or she is refused admittance to said house or access to anything therein.
History.s. 9, ch. 9321, 1923; s. 1, ch. 10273, 1925; CGL 8511; s. 1571, ch. 97-102.
933.10 Execution of search warrant during day or night.A search warrant issued under this chapter may, if expressly authorized in such warrant by the judge, be executed by being served either in the daytime or in the nighttime, as the exigencies of the occasion may demand or require.
History.s. 10, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8512; s. 38, ch. 2004-11.
933.101 Service on Sunday.A search warrant may be executed by being served on Sunday, if expressly authorized in such warrant by the judge.
History.s. 1, ch. 57-289; s. 39, ch. 2004-11.
933.11 Duplicate to be delivered when warrant served.All search warrants shall be issued in duplicate. The duplicate shall be delivered to the officer with the original warrant, and when the officer serves the warrant, he or she shall deliver a copy to the person named in the warrant, or in his or her absence to some person in charge of, or living on the premises. When property is taken under the warrant the officer shall deliver to such person a written inventory of the property taken and receipt for the same, specifying the same in detail, and if no person is found in possession of the premises where such property is found, shall leave the said receipt on the premises.
History.s. 11, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8513; s. 1572, ch. 97-102.
933.12 Return and inventory.Upon the return of the warrant the officer shall attach thereto or thereon a true inventory of the property taken under the warrant, and at the foot of the inventory shall verify the same by affidavit taken before some officer authorized to administer oaths, or before the issuing officer, said verification to be to the following effect:

I, A. B., the officer by whom the warrant was executed, do swear that the above inventory contains a true and detailed account of all the property taken by me on said warrant.

History.s. 12, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8514.
933.13 Copy of inventory shall be delivered upon request.The judge to whom the warrant is returned, upon the request of any claimant or any person from whom said property is taken, or the officer who executed the search warrant, shall deliver to said applicant a true copy of the inventory of the property mentioned in the return on said warrant.
History.s. 13, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8515; s. 40, ch. 2004-11.
933.14 Return of property taken under search warrant.
(1) If it appears to the judge before whom the warrant is returned that the property or papers taken are not the same as that described in the warrant, or that there is no probable cause for believing the existence of the grounds upon which the warrant was issued, or if it appears to the judge before whom any property is returned that the property was secured by an “unreasonable” search, the judge may order a return of the property taken; provided, however, that in no instance shall contraband such as slot machines, gambling tables, lottery tickets, tally sheets, rundown sheets, or other gambling devices, paraphernalia and equipment, or narcotic drugs, obscene prints and literature be returned to anyone claiming an interest therein, it being the specific intent of the Legislature that no one has any property rights subject to be protected by any constitutional provision in such contraband; provided, further, that the claimant of said contraband may upon sworn petition and proof submitted by him or her in the circuit court of the county where seized, show that said contraband articles so seized were held, used or possessed in a lawful manner, for a lawful purpose, and in a lawful place, the burden of proof in all cases being upon the claimant. The sworn affidavit or complaint upon which the search warrant was issued or the testimony of the officers showing probable cause to search without a warrant or incident to a legal arrest, and the finding of such slot machines, gambling tables, lottery tickets, tally sheets, rundown sheets, scratch sheets, or other gambling devices, paraphernalia, and equipment, including money used in gambling or in furtherance of gambling, or narcotic drugs, obscene prints and literature, or any of them, shall constitute prima facie evidence of the illegal possession of such contraband and the burden shall be upon the claimant for the return thereof, to show that such contraband was lawfully acquired, possessed, held, and used.
(2) No intoxicating liquor seized on any warrant from any place other than a private dwelling house shall be returned, but the same may be held for such other and further proceedings which may arise upon a trial of the cause, unless it shall appear by the sworn petition of the claimant and proof submitted by him or her that said liquors so seized were held, used or possessed in a lawful manner, and in lawful place, or by a permit from the proper federal or state authority, the burden of proof in all cases being upon the claimant. The sworn affidavit or complaint upon which the search warrant was issued and the finding of such intoxicating liquor shall constitute prima facie evidence of the illegal possession of such liquor, and the burden shall be upon the claimant for the return thereof, to show that such liquor was lawfully acquired, possessed, held, and used.
(3) No pistol or firearm taken by any officer with a search warrant or without a search warrant upon a view by the officer of a breach of the peace shall be returned except pursuant to an order of a trial court judge.
(4) If no cause is shown for the return of any property seized or taken under a search warrant, the judge shall order that the same be impounded for use as evidence at any trial of any criminal or penal cause growing out of the having or possession of said property, but perishable property held or possessed in violation of law may be sold where the same is not prohibited, as may be directed by the court, or returned to the person from whom taken. The judge to whom said search warrant is returned shall file the same with the inventory and sworn return in the proper office, and if the original affidavit and proofs upon which the warrant was issued are in his or her possession, he or she shall apply to the officer having the same and the officer shall transmit and deliver all of the papers, proofs, and certificates to the proper office where the proceedings are lodged.
History.s. 14, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 8516; s. 1, ch. 29676, 1955; s. 42, ch. 73-334; s. 1573, ch. 97-102; s. 41, ch. 2004-11.
933.15 Obstruction of service or execution of search warrant; penalty.Whoever shall knowingly and willfully obstruct, resist, or oppose any officer or person aiding such officer, in serving or attempting to serve or execute any search warrant, or shall assault, beat or wound any person or officer, or his or her deputies or assistants, knowing him or her to be such an officer or person so authorized, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.s. 15, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 7534; s. 1160, ch. 71-136; s. 1574, ch. 97-102.
933.16 Maliciously procuring search warrant to be issued; penalty.Any person who maliciously and without probable cause procures a search warrant to be issued and executed shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.s. 16, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 7434; s. 1161, ch. 71-136.
933.17 Exceeding authority in executing search warrant; penalty.Any officer who in executing a search warrant willfully exceeds his or her authority or exercises it with unnecessary severity, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.s. 17, ch. 9321, 1923; CGL 7519; s. 1162, ch. 71-136; s. 1575, ch. 97-102.
933.18 When warrant may be issued for search of private dwelling.No search warrant shall issue under this chapter or under any other law of this state to search any private dwelling occupied as such unless:
(1) It is being used for the unlawful sale, possession, or manufacture of intoxicating liquor;
(2) Stolen or embezzled property is contained therein;
(3) It is being used to carry on gambling;
(4) It is being used to perpetrate frauds and swindles;
(5) The law relating to narcotics or drug abuse is being violated therein;
(6) A weapon, instrumentality, or means by which a felony has been committed, or evidence relevant to proving said felony has been committed, is contained therein;
(7) One or more of the following child abuse offenses is being committed there:
(a) Interference with custody, in violation of s. 787.03.
(b) Commission of an unnatural and lascivious act with a child, in violation of s. 800.02.
(c) Exposure of sexual organs to a child, in violation of s. 800.03.
(8) It is in part used for some business purpose such as a store, shop, saloon, restaurant, hotel, boardinghouse, or lodginghouse;
(9) It is being used for the unlawful sale, possession, or purchase of wildlife, saltwater products, or freshwater fish being unlawfully kept therein;
(10) The laws in relation to cruelty to animals, as provided in chapter 828, have been or are being violated therein; or
(11) An instrumentality or means by which sexual cyberharassment has been committed in violation of s. 784.049, or evidence relevant to proving that sexual cyberharassment has been committed in violation of s. 784.049, is contained therein.

If, during a search pursuant to a warrant issued under this section, a child is discovered and appears to be in imminent danger, the law enforcement officer conducting such search may remove the child from the private dwelling and take the child into protective custody pursuant to chapter 39. The term “private dwelling” shall be construed to include the room or rooms used and occupied, not transiently but solely as a residence, in an apartment house, hotel, boardinghouse, or lodginghouse. No warrant shall be issued for the search of any private dwelling under any of the conditions hereinabove mentioned except on sworn proof by affidavit of some creditable witness that he or she has reason to believe that one of said conditions exists, which affidavit shall set forth the facts on which such reason for belief is based.

History.s. 19, ch. 9321, 1923; s. 2, ch. 10273, 1925; CGL 8518; s. 1, ch. 57-418; s. 1, ch. 67-348; s. 1, ch. 69-18; s. 1, ch. 74-318; s. 1, ch. 78-126; s. 1, ch. 78-345; s. 1, ch. 86-93; s. 1, ch. 88-298; s. 59, ch. 88-381; s. 4, ch. 93-4; s. 1576, ch. 97-102; s. 161, ch. 98-403; s. 3, ch. 2003-188; s. 3, ch. 2006-114; s. 28, ch. 2010-117; s. 3, ch. 2015-24.
933.19 Searches and seizures of vehicles carrying contraband or illegal intoxicating liquors or merchandise.
(1) The provisions of the opinion rendered by the Supreme Court of the United States on March 2, 1925, in that certain cause wherein George Carroll and John Kiro were plaintiffs in error and the United States was defendant in error, reported in 267 United States Reports, beginning at page 132, relative to searches and seizures of vehicles carrying contraband or illegal intoxicating liquors or merchandise, and construing the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, are adopted as the statute law of the state applicable to searches and seizures under s. 12, Art. I of the State Constitution, when searches and seizures shall be made by any duly authorized and constituted bonded officer of this state exercising police authority in the enforcement of any law of the state relative to the unlawful transportation or hauling of intoxicating liquors or other contraband or illegal drugs or merchandise prohibited or made unlawful or contraband by the laws of the state.
(2) The same rules as to admissibility of evidence and liability of officers for illegal or unreasonable searches and seizures as were laid down in said case by the Supreme Court of the United States shall apply to and govern the rights, duties and liabilities of officers and citizens in the state under the like provisions of the Florida Constitution relating to searches and seizures.
(3) All points of law decided in the aforesaid case relating to the construction or interpretation of the provisions of the Constitution of the United States relative to searches and seizures of vehicles carrying contraband or illegal intoxicating liquors or merchandise shall be taken to be the law of the state enacted by the Legislature to govern and control such subject.
History.s. 1, ch. 12257, 1927; CGL 7644; s. 2, ch. 69-216.
933.20 “Inspection warrant”; definition.As used in ss. 933.20-933.30, “inspection warrant” means an order in writing, in the name of the people, signed by a person competent to issue search warrants pursuant to s. 933.01, and directed to a state or local official, commanding him or her to conduct an inspection required or authorized by state or local law or rule relating to municipal or county building, fire, safety, environmental, animal control, land use, plumbing, electrical, health, minimum housing, or zoning standards.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 18, ch. 89-268; s. 1577, ch. 97-102.
933.21 Requirements for issuance of inspection warrant.An inspection warrant shall be issued only upon cause, supported by affidavit, particularly describing the place, dwelling, structure, or premises to be inspected and the purpose for which the inspection is to be made. In addition, the affidavit shall contain a statement that consent to inspect has been sought and refused or a statement setting forth facts or circumstances reasonably justifying the failure to seek such consent. Owner-occupied family residences are exempt from the provisions of this act.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8.
933.22 When cause deemed to exist.Cause shall be deemed to exist if reasonable legislative or administrative standards for conducting a routine or area inspection are satisfied with respect to the particular place, dwelling, structure, or premises or if there is reason to believe that a condition of nonconformity exists with respect to the particular place, dwelling, structure, or premises which condition would constitute a violation of a state or local law or rule relating to municipal or county building, fire, safety, environmental, animal control, land use, plumbing, electrical, health, minimum housing, or zoning standards.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 19, ch. 89-268.
933.23 Examination of applicant for inspection warrant.Before issuing an inspection warrant, the judge shall examine on oath the applicant and any other witness and shall satisfy himself or herself of the existence of grounds for granting such application.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 1578, ch. 97-102.
933.24 Issuance of inspection warrant; contents.If the judge is satisfied that cause for the inspection exists, he or she may issue the warrant particularly describing the place, dwelling, structure, or premises to be inspected and designating on the warrant the purpose and limitations of the inspection, including the limitations required by this act.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 1579, ch. 97-102.
933.25 Duration of inspection warrant.An inspection warrant shall be effective for the time specified therein, but not for a period of more than 14 days unless it is extended or renewed by the judge who signed and issued the original warrant upon satisfying himself or herself that such extension or renewal is in the public interest. Such inspection warrant must be executed and returned to the judge by whom it was issued within the time specified in the warrant or within the extended or renewed time. After the expiration of such time, the warrant, unless executed, is void.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 1580, ch. 97-102.
933.26 Conduct of inspection; notice.An inspection pursuant to a warrant shall not be made between 6 p.m. of any day and 8 a.m. of the succeeding day; on Saturday, Sunday, or any legal holiday; or in the absence of an owner or occupant over the age of 18 years of the particular place, dwelling, structure, or premises unless specifically authorized by the judge upon a showing that such authority is reasonably necessary to effectuate the purpose of the rule being enforced. An inspection pursuant to a warrant shall not be made by means of forcible entry, except that the judge may expressly authorize a forcible entry when facts are shown which are sufficient to create a reasonable suspicion of a violation of a state or local law or rule relating to municipal or county building, fire, safety, environmental, animal control, land use, plumbing, electrical, health, minimum housing, or zoning standards which, if such violation existed, would be an immediate threat to health or safety or when facts are shown establishing that reasonable attempts to serve a previous warrant have been unsuccessful. When prior consent has been sought and refused, notice that a warrant has been issued shall be given at least 24 hours before the warrant is executed. Immediate execution of a warrant shall be prohibited except when necessary to prevent loss of life or property.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 20, ch. 89-268.
933.27 Refusal to permit authorized inspection; penalty.Any person who willfully refuses to permit an inspection authorized by a warrant issued pursuant to this act is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 226, ch. 91-224.
933.28 Maliciously causing issuance of inspection warrant; penalty.Any person who maliciously, or with knowledge that cause to issue an inspection warrant does not exist, causes the issuance of an inspection warrant by executing a supporting affidavit or by directing or requesting another to execute a supporting affidavit, or who maliciously causes an inspection warrant to be executed and served for purposes other than defined in this act, is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8; s. 227, ch. 91-224.
933.29 Powers of state agency not restricted.Nothing contained herein shall be construed to restrict the powers granted by general law to an agency of the state, or to a unit of local government acting on behalf of such agency pursuant to a contract with the agency, to conduct inspections with or without warrant as authorized by general law.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8.
933.30 Inspector; restrictions on giving information, testifying, etc.A person performing an inspection pursuant to the authority of this act shall not give information as a confidential informer, testify as a witness, or execute an affidavit as a predicate for the issuance of a criminal search warrant or for probable cause to search any dwelling or other building without a criminal search warrant.
History.s. 1, ch. 82-8.
933.40 Agriculture warrants.
(1) As used in this section:
(a) “Agriculture warrant” means an order in writing, in the name of the people, signed by a person competent to issue search warrants pursuant to s. 933.01, authorizing department employees to exercise any duty or power granted by chapter 581 or chapter 585 with respect to any plant pest or animal pest identified in the warrant, including, but not limited to, conducting inspections, setting traps, examining records, testing, dipping, disinfecting, treating, identifying, quarantining, taking samples and measurements, and seizing or destroying property.
(b) “Animal pest” means any biological or chemical residue as defined in s. 585.01(4), pathogenic organism or virulent organism as defined in s. 585.01(15), or any transmissible, communicable, contagious, or infectious disease as described in s. 585.01(18).
(c) “Department” means the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
(d) “Electronic signature” means any letters, characters, symbols, or process manifested by electronic or similar means and attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record.
(e) “Parcel number” means the distinct parcel identification number assigned to a parcel of property by the property appraiser for the county in which the property is located.
(f) “Plant pest” means any plant pest, noxious weed, or arthropod declared a nuisance by the department pursuant to s. 581.031(6).
(g) When capitalized, “Section” has the meaning ascribed in 43 U.S.C. s. 751.
(2) An agriculture warrant shall be issued only upon application supported by affidavit and shall describe the street address and city or the parcel number and county of each property to be subject to the warrant and each type of plant pest or animal pest which will be the subject of the warrant.
(3) An agriculture warrant shall be issued only upon probable cause. In determining the existence of probable cause for the issuance of one or more agriculture warrants, one or more of the following findings may be sufficient to support a determination of probable cause:
(a) The property to be subject to the agriculture warrant is located within an area subject to a quarantine which has been established by the department with respect to the plant pest or animal pest that is the subject of the warrant; or
(b) Under all of the circumstances set forth in the affidavit, there is a fair probability the property subject to the agriculture warrant:
1. Contains a plant pest;
2. Is located in an area that may reasonably be suspected of being infested or infected with a plant pest due to its proximity to a known infestation, or if it is reasonably exposed to infestation;
3. Contains animals affected with any animal pest or which have been exposed to and are liable to spread the animal pest; or
4. Contains any other property that is liable to convey an animal pest.
(4) A single warrant application shall be sufficient for the issuance of multiple agriculture warrants if the application for the warrants describes the street address and city or the parcel number and county of each property subject to an agriculture warrant and all such properties are located within the same county.
(5) Agriculture warrants may be signed by any person competent to issue search warrants under s. 933.01, either manually, by signature stamp, or by electronic signature. The trial court judge, upon examination of the application and proofs submitted, if satisfied that probable cause exists for the issuing of one or more agriculture warrants, shall issue such agriculture warrants with his or her signature and office affixed thereto. Such agriculture warrants may be served and executed by employees of the department, with the assistance of third parties supervised by department employees, and shall authorize department employees with such assistance to undertake all actions authorized by the warrant.
(6) Prior notice to the owner or occupant of the property to be subject to the agriculture warrant, or to any other person, of the application for agriculture warrants shall not be required as a condition for the issuance of warrants under this section. At the time of execution of the agriculture warrant, a copy, including any applicable renewal or extension thereof under subsection (8), shall be delivered to a person 18 years of age or older who is occupying or living on the property subject to the warrant or shall be attached to a conspicuous place on that property.
(7) The department shall be entitled to an ex parte hearing forthwith on an application for an agriculture warrant.
(8) An agriculture warrant shall be effective for 60 days and shall authorize multiple executions of the warrant prior to its expiration. An agriculture warrant may be extended or renewed by the trial court judge who signed and issued the original warrant upon his or her satisfaction that probable cause continues to exist for the reissuance of the warrant. Such warrant must be returned to the issuing official prior to the expiration date specified in the warrant or within the extended or renewed time.
(9) An agriculture warrant shall not:
(a) Be executed between 7 p.m. of any day and 7 a.m. of the succeeding day, or on any legal holiday;
(b) Authorize the entry into or inspection of the interior of any occupied dwelling or any automobile; or
(c) Be issued in blank.
(10) Any person who willfully refuses to permit execution of any agriculture warrant commits a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(11) A person executing an agriculture warrant pursuant to this section shall not give information as a confidential informer, testify as a witness, or execute an affidavit as a predicate for the issuance of a criminal search warrant or for probable cause to search any dwelling or other building without a criminal search warrant.
(12) Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict the powers granted by general law to an agency of the state, or to a unit of local government acting on behalf of such agency pursuant to a contract with the agency, to conduct inspections with or without warrant as authorized by general law.
History.s. 2, ch. 2004-52; s. 8, ch. 2006-45; s. 29, ch. 2010-117.