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The Florida Statutes

The 2017 Florida Statutes

Title XIV
TAXATION AND FINANCE
Chapter 201
EXCISE TAX ON DOCUMENTS
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CHAPTER 201
CHAPTER 201
EXCISE TAX ON DOCUMENTS
201.01 Documents taxable, generally.
201.02 Tax on deeds and other instruments relating to real property or interests in real property.
201.0201 Interpretation of s. 201.02.
201.0205 Counties that have implemented ch. 83-220; inapplicability of 10-cent tax increase by s. 2, ch. 92-317, Laws of Florida.
201.031 Discretionary surtax; administration and collection; Housing Assistance Loan Trust Fund; reporting requirements.
201.07 Tax on bonds, debentures, and certificates of indebtedness.
201.08 Tax on promissory or nonnegotiable notes, written obligations to pay money, or assignments of wages or other compensation; exception.
201.09 Renewal of existing promissory notes and mortgages; exemption.
201.091 Correction of prior error.
201.10 Certificates of deposit issued by banks exempt.
201.11 Administration of law by Department of Revenue.
201.12 Duties of clerks of the circuit court.
201.13 Department of Revenue to furnish stamps for tax for specified period.
201.132 Exceptions to use of stamps on recorded documents; county comptrollers and clerks of the circuit court.
201.133 Payment of tax on documents not to be recorded; certificates of registration.
201.14 Cancellation of stamps when used.
201.15 Distribution of taxes collected.
201.16 Other laws made applicable to chapter.
201.165 Credit for tax paid to other states.
201.17 Penalties for failure to pay tax required.
201.18 Penalties for illegal use of stamps.
201.20 Penalties for illegally avoiding tax on notes.
201.21 Notes and other written obligations exempt under certain conditions.
201.22 Financing statements under chapter 679 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
201.23 Foreign notes and other written obligations exempt.
201.24 Obligations of municipalities, political subdivisions, and agencies of the state.
201.01 Documents taxable, generally.There shall be levied, collected, and paid the taxes specified in this chapter, for and in respect to the several documents, bonds, debentures or certificates of stock and indebtedness, and other documents, instruments, matters, writings, and things described in the following sections, or for or in respect of the vellum, parchment, paper, or any other medium whether tangible, electronic, or otherwise, upon which such document, instrument, matter, writing, or thing, or any of them, is written, printed, or created electronically or otherwise, by any person who makes, signs, executes, issues, sells, removes, consigns, assigns, records, or ships the same, or for whose benefit or use the same are made, signed, executed, issued, sold, removed, consigned, assigned, recorded, or shipped in the state. Unless exempt under s. 201.24 or under any state or federal law, if the United States, the state, or any political subdivision of the state is a party to a document taxable under this chapter, any tax specified in this chapter shall be paid by a nonexempt party to the document. The documentary stamp taxes shall be paid on all recordable instruments requiring documentary stamp tax according to law, prior to recordation. With respect to mortgages or trust deeds which do not incorporate the certificate of indebtedness, a notation shall be made on the note or certificate that the tax has been paid on the mortgage or trust deed.
History.s. 1, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(111); s. 1, ch. 61-278; s. 1, ch. 77-414; s. 6, ch. 87-102; s. 5, ch. 96-395; s. 2, ch. 2007-233.
201.02 Tax on deeds and other instruments relating to real property or interests in real property.
(1)(a) On deeds, instruments, or writings whereby any lands, tenements, or other real property, or any interest therein, shall be granted, assigned, transferred, or otherwise conveyed to, or vested in, the purchaser or any other person by his or her direction, on each $100 of the consideration therefor the tax shall be 70 cents. When the full amount of the consideration for the execution, assignment, transfer, or conveyance is not shown in the face of such deed, instrument, document, or writing, the tax shall be at the rate of 70 cents for each $100 or fractional part thereof of the consideration therefor. For purposes of this section, consideration includes, but is not limited to, the money paid or agreed to be paid; the discharge of an obligation; and the amount of any mortgage, purchase money mortgage lien, or other encumbrance, whether or not the underlying indebtedness is assumed. If the consideration paid or given in exchange for real property or any interest therein includes property other than money, it is presumed that the consideration is equal to the fair market value of the real property or interest therein.
(b)1. For purposes of this paragraph the term:
a. “Conduit entity” means a legal entity to which real property is conveyed without full consideration by a grantor who owns a direct or indirect interest in the entity, or a successor entity.
b. “Full consideration” means the consideration that would be paid in an arm’s length transaction between unrelated parties.
2. When real property is conveyed to a conduit entity and all or a portion of the grantor’s direct or indirect ownership interest in the conduit entity is subsequently transferred for consideration within 3 years of such conveyance, tax is imposed on each such transfer of an interest in the conduit entity for consideration at the rate of 70 cents for each $100 or fraction thereof of the consideration paid or given in exchange for the ownership interest in the conduit entity.
3. When an ownership interest is transferred in a conduit entity that owns assets other than the real property conveyed to the conduit entity, the tax shall be prorated based on the percentage the value of such real property represents of the total value of all assets owned by the conduit entity.
4. A gift of an ownership interest in a conduit entity is not subject to tax to the extent there is no consideration. The transfer of shares or similar equity interests in a conduit entity which are dealt in or traded on public, regulated security exchanges or markets is not subject to tax under this paragraph.
5. The transfer for purposes of estate planning by a natural person of an interest in a conduit entity to an irrevocable grantor trust as described in subpart E of part I of subchapter J of chapter 1 of subtitle A of the United States Internal Revenue Code is not subject to tax under this paragraph.
6. The purpose of this paragraph is to impose the documentary stamp tax on the transfer for consideration of a beneficial interest in real property. The provisions of this paragraph are to be construed liberally to effectuate this purpose.
(c) Conversion or merger of a trust that is not a legal entity that owns real property in this state into a legal entity shall be treated as a conveyance of the real property for the purposes of this section.
(d) Taxes imposed by this subsection shall be paid pursuant to s. 201.133 when no document is recorded. If a document is recorded, taxes imposed by the paragraph shall be paid as required for all other taxable documents that are recorded.
(2) The tax imposed by subsection (1) shall also be payable upon documents by which the right is granted to a tenant-stockholder to occupy an apartment in a building owned by a cooperative apartment corporation or in a dwelling on real property owned by any other form of cooperative association as defined in s. 719.103.
(3) The tax imposed by subsection (2) shall be paid by the purchaser, and the document recorded in the office of the clerk of the circuit court as evidence of ownership.
(4) The tax imposed by subsection (1) shall also be payable upon documents which convey or transfer, pursuant to s. 689.071, any beneficial interest in lands, tenements, or other real property, or any interest therein, even though such interest may be designated as personal property, notwithstanding the provisions of s. 689.071(6). The tax shall be paid upon execution of any such document.
(5) All conveyances of real property to a partner from a partnership which property was conveyed to the partnership after July 1, 1986, are taxable if:
(a) The partner receiving the real property from the partnership is a partner other than the partner who conveyed the real property to the partnership; or
(b) The partner receiving the real property from the partnership is the partner who conveyed the real property to the partnership and there is a mortgage debt or other debt secured by such real property for which the partner was not personally liable prior to conveying the real property to the partnership.

For purposes of this subsection, the value of the consideration paid for the conveyance of the real property to the partner from the partnership includes, but is not limited to, the amount of any outstanding mortgage debt or other debt which the partner pays or agrees to pay in exchange for the real property, regardless of whether the partner was personally liable for the debts of the partnership prior to the conveyance to the partner from the partnership.

(6) Taxes imposed by this section shall not apply to any assignment, transfer, or other disposition, or any document, which arises out of a transfer of real property from a nonprofit organization to the Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement Trust Fund, to any state agency, to any water management district, or to any local government. For purposes of this subsection, “nonprofit organization” means an organization whose purpose is the preservation of natural resources and which is exempt from federal income tax under s. 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. The Department of Revenue shall provide a form, or a place on an existing form, for the nonprofit organization to indicate its exempt status.
(7) Taxes imposed by this section do not apply to a deed, transfer, or conveyance between spouses or former spouses pursuant to an action for dissolution of their marriage wherein the real property is or was their marital home or an interest therein. Taxes paid pursuant to this section shall be refunded in those cases in which a deed, transfer, or conveyance occurred 1 year before a dissolution of marriage. This subsection applies in spite of any consideration as defined in subsection (1). This subsection does not apply to a deed, transfer, or conveyance executed before July 1, 1997.
(8) Taxes imposed by this section do not apply to a contract to sell the residence of an employee relocating at his or her employer’s direction or to documents related to the contract, which contract is between the employee and the employer or between the employee and a person in the business of providing employee relocation services. In the case of such transactions, taxes apply only to the transfer of the real property comprising the residence by deed that vests legal title in a named grantee.
(9) A certificate of title issued by the clerk of court under s. 45.031(5) in a judicial sale of real property under an order or final judgment issued pursuant to a foreclosure proceeding is subject to the tax imposed by subsection (1). However, the amount of the tax shall be computed based solely on the amount of the highest and best bid received for the property at the foreclosure sale. This subsection is intended to clarify existing law and shall be applied retroactively.
(10)(a) In recognition of the special escrow requirements that apply to sales of timeshare interests in timeshare plans pursuant to s. 721.08, tax on deeds or other instruments conveying any interest in Florida real property which are executed in conjunction with the sale by a developer of a timeshare interest in a timeshare plan is due and payable on the earlier of the date on which:
1. The deed or other instrument conveying the interest in Florida real property is recorded; or
2. All of the conditions precedent to the release of the purchaser’s escrowed funds or other property pursuant to s. 721.08(2)(c) have been met, regardless of whether the developer has posted an alternative assurance. Tax due pursuant to this subparagraph is due and payable on or before the 20th day of the month following the month in which these conditions were met.
(b)1. If tax has been paid to the department pursuant to subparagraph (a)2., and the deed or other instrument conveying the interest in Florida real property with respect to which the tax was paid is subsequently recorded, a notation reflecting the prior payment of the tax must be made upon the deed or other instrument conveying the interest in Florida real property.
2. Notwithstanding paragraph (a), if funds are designated on a closing statement as tax collected from the purchaser, but a default or cancellation occurs pursuant to s. 721.08(2)(a) or (b) and no deed or other instrument conveying interest in Florida real property has been recorded or delivered to the purchaser, the tax must be paid to the department on or before the 20th day of the month following the month in which the funds are available for release from escrow unless the funds have been refunded to the purchaser.
(c) The department may adopt rules to administer the method for reporting tax due under this subsection.
(11) The taxable consideration for a short sale transfer does not include unpaid indebtedness that is forgiven or released by a mortgagee holding a mortgage on the grantor’s interest in the property. For purposes of this subsection, the term “short sale” means a purchase and sale of real property in which all of the following apply:
1(a) The grantor’s interest is encumbered by a mortgage or mortgages securing indebtedness in an aggregate amount greater than the consideration paid or given by the grantee.
1(b) A mortgagee releases the real property from its mortgage in exchange for a payment of less than the total of the outstanding mortgage indebtedness owed to the releasing mortgagee.
(c) The releasing mortgagee does not receive, directly or indirectly, any interest in the property transferred.
(d) The releasing mortgagee is not controlled by or related to the grantor or the grantee.
History.s. 1, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(111); s. 1, ch. 57-397; s. 1, ch. 63-533; s. 1, ch. 70-304; s. 1, ch. 71-362; ss. 2, 3, ch. 79-350; ss. 1, 4, ch. 81-33; s. 6, ch. 85-347; s. 10, ch. 86-152; s. 34, ch. 87-6; s. 7, ch. 90-132; s. 2, ch. 91-192; s. 9, ch. 92-32; s. 1, ch. 92-288; s. 2, ch. 92-317; s. 1049, ch. 95-147; s. 2, ch. 97-191; s. 1, ch. 2002-8; s. 8, ch. 2002-218; s. 4, ch. 2005-280; s. 8, ch. 2006-175; s. 2, ch. 2006-274; s. 4, ch. 2009-131; s. 1, ch. 2010-32; s. 3, ch. 2010-138.
1Note.As created by s. 3, ch. 2010-138. For a description of multiple acts in the same session affecting a statutory provision, see preface to the Florida Statutes, “Statutory Construction.” Paragraphs (a) and (b) were also created by s. 1, ch. 2010-32, and that version reads:

(a) The grantor’s interest is encumbered by a mortgage or mortgages securing indebtedness in an aggregate amount greater than the purchase price paid by the grantee.

(b) A mortgagee releases the real property from its mortgage in exchange for a partial payment of less than the total of the outstanding mortgage indebtedness owed to the releasing mortgagee.

201.0201 Interpretation of s. 201.02.
(1) The Legislature finds that the Florida Supreme Court opinion in Crescent Miami Center, LLC v. Florida Department of Revenue, 903 So. 2d 913 (Fla. 2005), interprets s. 201.02 in a manner that permits tax avoidance inconsistent with the intent of the Legislature at the time the statute was amended in 1990.
(2) The Legislature finds that the opinion of the District Court of Appeal for the Third District of Florida in Crescent Miami Center, LLC v. Florida Department of Revenue, 857 So. 2d 904 (Fla. 3d D.C.A. 2003), interprets s. 201.02 in a manner that prevents tax avoidance consistent with the intent of the Legislature at the time the statute was amended in 1990.
(3) The Legislature recognizes that the Supreme Court’s opinion in Crescent is limited to the facts of the case and accepts the court’s interpretation of s. 201.02 that no consideration exists when owners of real property unencumbered by a mortgage convey an interest in such property to an artificial entity whose ownership is identical to the ownership of the real property before conveyance. The Legislature expressly rejects any application of the court’s interpretation where the facts are not comparable to the facts in Crescent. However, because the Supreme Court’s interpretation, combined with other settled law regarding the application of s. 201.02, allows for the tax-free transfer of ownership interests in real property from one owner to another through the use of artificial entities, it is the Legislature’s intent by this act to impose the documentary stamp tax when the beneficial ownership of real property is transferred to a new owner or owners by the use of techniques that apply the Supreme Court’s decision in Crescent in combination with transfers of ownership of, or distributions from, artificial entities.
History.s. 3, ch. 2009-131.
201.0205 Counties that have implemented ch. 83-220; inapplicability of 10-cent tax increase by s. 2, ch. 92-317, Laws of Florida.The 10-cent tax increase in the documentary stamp tax levied by s. 2, chapter 92-317, does not apply to deeds and other taxable instruments relating to real property located in any county that has implemented the provisions of chapter 83-220, Laws of Florida, as amended by chapters 84-270, 86-152, and 89-252, Laws of Florida. Each such county and each eligible jurisdiction within such county may not participate in programs funded pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c). However, each such county and each eligible jurisdiction within such county may participate in programs funded pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(d).
History.s. 34, ch. 92-317; s. 15, ch. 2007-5; s. 8, ch. 2015-229.
1201.031 Discretionary surtax; administration and collection; Housing Assistance Loan Trust Fund; reporting requirements.
(1) Each county, as defined by s. 125.011(1), may levy, subject to the provisions of s. 125.0167, a discretionary surtax on documents taxable under the provisions of s. 201.02, except that there shall be no surtax on any document pursuant to which the interest granted, assigned, transferred, or conveyed involves only a single-family residence. The single-family residence may be a condominium unit, a unit held through stock ownership or membership representing a proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of 98 years, or a detached dwelling.
(2) All provisions of chapter 201, except s. 201.15, apply to the surtax. The Department of Revenue shall pay to the governing authority of the county which levies the surtax all taxes, penalties, and interest collected under this section less any costs of administration.
(3) Each county that levies the surtax shall:
(a) Include in the financial report required under s. 218.32 information showing the revenues and the expenses of the trust fund for the fiscal year.
(b) Adopt a housing plan every 3 years which includes provisions substantially similar to the plans required in s. 420.9075(1).
(c) Have adopted an affordable housing element of its comprehensive land use plan which complies with s. 163.3177(6)(f).
(d) Require by resolution that the staff or entity that has administrative authority for implementing the housing plan prepare and submit to the county’s governing body an annual report substantially similar to the annual report required in s. 420.9075(10).
History.ss. 2, 3, ch. 83-220; s. 1, ch. 84-270; s. 1, ch. 89-252; ss. 1, 7, ch. 2009-131.
1Note.Repealed effective October 1, 2031, by s. 3, ch. 83-220, as amended by s. 1, ch. 84-270; s. 1, ch. 89-252; and s. 1, ch. 2009-131.
201.07 Tax on bonds, debentures, and certificates of indebtedness.On all bonds, debentures, or certificates of indebtedness issued in the state by any person, and all instruments and documents, however termed, issued by any corporation with interest coupons or in registered form, on each $100 of the face value or fraction thereof, the tax shall be 35 cents; provided, however, that only that part of the value of the bonds, debentures, or certificates of indebtedness issued by any such person, the property of which is located within the state shall bear to the whole value of the property described in said instrument or obligation shall be taxed hereunder.
History.s. 1, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(111); s. 4, ch. 63-533; s. 9, ch. 90-132; s. 6, ch. 92-317.
201.08 Tax on promissory or nonnegotiable notes, written obligations to pay money, or assignments of wages or other compensation; exception.
(1)(a) On promissory notes, nonnegotiable notes, written obligations to pay money, or assignments of salaries, wages, or other compensation made, executed, delivered, sold, transferred, or assigned in the state, and for each renewal of the same, the tax shall be 35 cents on each $100 or fraction thereof of the indebtedness or obligation evidenced thereby. The tax on any document described in this paragraph 1may not exceed $2,450.
(b) On mortgages, trust deeds, security agreements, or other evidences of indebtedness filed or recorded in this state, and for each renewal of the same, the tax shall be 35 cents on each $100 or fraction thereof of the indebtedness or obligation evidenced thereby. Mortgages, including, but not limited to, mortgages executed without the state and recorded in the state, which incorporate the certificate of indebtedness, not otherwise shown in separate instruments, are subject to the same tax at the same rate. When there is both a mortgage, trust deed, or security agreement and a note, certificate of indebtedness, or obligation, the tax shall be paid on the mortgage, trust deed, or security agreement at the time of recordation. A notation shall be made on the note, certificate of indebtedness, or obligation that the tax has been paid on the mortgage, trust deed, or security agreement. If a mortgage, trust deed, security agreement, or other evidence of indebtedness is subsequently filed or recorded in this state to evidence an indebtedness or obligation upon which tax was paid under paragraph (a) or 2subsection (2), tax shall be paid on the mortgage, trust deed, security agreement, or other evidence of indebtedness on the amount of the indebtedness or obligation evidenced which exceeds the aggregate amount upon which tax was previously paid under this paragraph and under paragraph (a) or 2subsection (2). If the mortgage, trust deed, security agreement, or other evidence of indebtedness subject to the tax levied by this section secures future advances, as provided in s. 697.04, the tax shall be paid at the time of recordation on the initial debt or obligation secured, excluding future advances; at the time and so often as any future advance is made, the tax shall be paid on all sums then advanced regardless of where such advance is made. Notwithstanding the aforestated general rule, any increase in the amount of original indebtedness caused by interest accruing under an adjustable rate note or mortgage having an initial interest rate adjustment interval of not less than 6 months shall be taxable as a future advance only to the extent such increase is a computable sum certain when the document is executed. Failure to pay the tax shall not affect the lien for any such future advance given by s. 697.04, but any person who fails or refuses to pay such tax due by him or her is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree. The mortgage, trust deed, or other instrument shall not be enforceable in any court of this state as to any such advance unless and until the tax due thereon upon each advance that may have been made thereunder has been paid.
(2)(a) On promissory notes, nonnegotiable notes, written obligations to pay money, or other compensation, made, executed, delivered, sold, transferred, or assigned in the state, in connection with sales made under retail charge account services, incident to sales which are not conditional in character and which are not secured by mortgage or other pledge of purchaser, the tax shall be 35 cents on each $100 or fraction thereof of the gross amount of the indebtedness evidenced by such instruments, payable quarterly on such forms and under such rules and regulations as may be promulgated by the Department of Revenue. The tax on any document described in this paragraph 1may not exceed $2,450.
(b) Any receipt, charge slip, or other record of a transaction effected with the use of a credit card, charge card, or debit card shall be exempt from the tax imposed by this section.
(3) No tax shall be required on promissory notes executed for students to receive financial aid from federal or state educational assistance programs, from loans guaranteed by the Federal Government or the state when federal regulations prohibit the assessment of such taxes against the borrower, or for any financial aid program administered by a state university or community college, and the holders of such promissory notes shall not lose any rights incident to the payment of such tax.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(b), a supplement or an amendment to a mortgage, deed of trust, indenture, or security agreement, which supplement or amendment is filed or recorded in this state in connection with a new issue of bonds, shall be subject to the tax imposed by paragraph (1)(b) only to the extent of the aggregate amount of the new issue of bonds or other evidence of indebtedness and not to the extent of the aggregate amount of bonds or other evidence of indebtedness previously issued under the instrument being supplemented or amended. In order to qualify for the tax treatment provided for in this subsection, the document which evidences the increase in indebtedness must show the official records book and page number in which, and the county in which, the original obligation and any prior increase in that obligation were recorded.
(5) For purposes of this section, a renewal shall only include modifications of an original document which change the terms of the indebtedness evidenced by the original document by adding one or more obligors, increasing the principal balance, or changing the interest rate, maturity date, or payment terms. Modifications to documents which do not modify the terms of the indebtedness evidenced such as those given or recorded to correct error; modify covenants, conditions, or terms unrelated to the debt; sever a lien into separate liens; provide for additional, substitute, or further security for the indebtedness; consolidate indebtedness or collateral; add, change, or delete guarantors; or which substitute a new mortgagee or payee are not renewals and are not subject to tax pursuant to this section. If the taxable amount of a mortgage is limited by language contained in the mortgage or by the application of rules limiting the tax base when there is collateral in more than one state, then a modification which changes such limitation or tax base shall be taxable only to the extent of any increase in the limitation or tax base attributable to such modification. This subsection shall not be interpreted to exempt from taxation an original mortgage that would otherwise be subject to tax pursuant to paragraph (1)(b).
(6) Taxability of a document pursuant to this section shall be determined solely from the face of the document and any separate document expressly incorporated into the document. Taxability of a document pursuant to this section shall not be determined by reference to any separate document referenced or forming part of the same contract or obligation unless the separate document is expressly incorporated into the document. When multiple documents evidence, secure, or form part of the same primary debt, tax pursuant to this section shall not be imposed more than once, on the total indebtedness evidenced, notwithstanding the existence of multiple documents.
(7) A mortgage, trust deed, or security agreement filed or recorded in this state which is given by a taxpayer different than or in addition to the taxpayer obligated upon the primary note, certificate of indebtedness, or obligation, or which is given to secure a guaranty or surety of a primary note, certificate of indebtedness, or obligation, shall for purposes of this section be deemed to evidence and secure the primary note, certificate of indebtedness, or obligation, not a separate obligation, and to the extent that tax is paid on any document evidencing or securing the primary note, certificate of indebtedness, or obligation, such tax shall be paid once, notwithstanding that more than one mortgage, trust deed, or security agreement is recorded with respect to such note, certificate of indebtedness, or obligation.
(8)(a) In recognition of the special escrow requirements that apply to sales of timeshare interests in timeshare plans pursuant to s. 721.08, tax on notes or other written obligations and mortgages or other evidences of indebtedness executed in conjunction with the sale by a developer of a timeshare interest in a timeshare plan is due and payable on the earlier of the date on which:
1. The note, other written obligation, mortgage, or other evidence of indebtedness is recorded or filed in this state; or
2. All of the conditions precedent to the release of the purchaser’s escrowed funds or other property pursuant to s. 721.08(2)(c) have been met, regardless of whether the developer has posted an alternative assurance. Tax due under this subparagraph is due and payable on or before the 20th day of the month following the month in which these conditions were met.
(b)1. If tax has been paid to the department pursuant to subparagraph (a)2., and the note, other written obligation, mortgage, or other evidence of indebtedness with respect to which the tax was paid is subsequently recorded or filed in this state, a notation reflecting the prior payment of the tax must be made upon the note, other written obligation, mortgage, or other evidence of indebtedness recorded or filed in this state.
2. Notwithstanding paragraph (a), if funds are designated on a closing statement as tax collected from the purchaser, but the note, other written obligation, mortgage, or other evidence of indebtedness with respect to which the tax was collected has not been recorded or filed in this state, the tax shall be paid to the department on or before the 20th day of the month following the month in which the funds are available for release from escrow, unless the funds have been refunded to the purchaser.
(c) The department may adopt rules to administer the method for reporting tax due under this subsection.
History.s. 1, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(111); s. 1, ch. 28216, 1953; ss. 1, 2, ch. 61-277; s. 5, ch. 63-533; ss. 21, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 2, ch. 77-57; s. 2, ch. 77-414; s. 105, ch. 79-222; s. 6, ch. 79-350; s. 91, ch. 79-400; s. 1, ch. 80-220; s. 7, ch. 82-83; s. 1, ch. 83-207; s. 8, ch. 83-267; s. 7, ch. 83-311; s. 28, ch. 85-80; s. 13, ch. 85-196; s. 10, ch. 90-132; s. 7, ch. 92-317; s. 1, ch. 96-245; s. 8, ch. 96-395; s. 2, ch. 97-123; s. 1, ch. 2002-26; s. 9, ch. 2002-218; s. 5, ch. 2005-280.
1Note.As amended by s. 1, ch. 2002-26. The amendment by s. 9, ch. 2002-218, substitutes the word “shall” for the word “may.”
2Note.As amended by s. 1, ch. 2002-26. The amendment by s. 9, ch. 2002-218, cites to paragraph (2)(a).
201.09 Renewal of existing promissory notes and mortgages; exemption.
(1) When any promissory note is given in renewal of any existing promissory note, which renewal note only extends or continues the identical contractual obligations of the original promissory note and evidences part or all of the original indebtedness evidenced thereby, not including any accumulated interest thereon and without enlargement in any way of the original contract and obligation, such renewal note shall not be subject to taxation under this chapter if such renewal note has attached to it the original promissory note with the proper notation thereon as required by s. 201.133. In order to be exempt from taxation under this section, a renewal note evidencing a term obligation shall not be executed by any person other than the original obligor and must renew and extend only the unpaid balance of the original contract and obligation. In order to be exempt from taxation under this section, a renewal note evidencing a revolving obligation shall not be executed by any person other than the original obligor and must renew and extend no more than the original face amount of the original contract and obligation. A renewal note evidencing a term obligation which increases the unpaid balance of the original contract and obligation but which otherwise meets the exemption criteria of this section is taxable only on the face amount of the increase. A renewal note evidencing a revolving obligation which increases the original face amount of the original contract and obligation but which otherwise meets the exemption criteria of this section is taxable only on the amount of the increase.
(2) When any mortgage, trust deed, security agreement, or other evidence of indebtedness evidences a promissory note which would not be subject to taxation pursuant to subsection (1), then such mortgage, trust deed, security agreement, or other evidence of indebtedness shall not be subject to taxation under this chapter.
(3) A note given in renewal of an adjustable rate note or mortgage which has an initial interest rate adjustment interval of not less than 6 months shall be subject to taxation only to the extent of any accrued interest upon which taxes have not previously been paid, notwithstanding the provisions contained in subsection (1).
History.s. 1, ch. 19068, 1939; CGL 1940 Supp. 1279(118); s. 7, ch. 79-350; s. 8, ch. 82-83; s. 9, ch. 83-267; s. 8, ch. 83-311; s. 11, ch. 90-132; s. 9, ch. 96-395; s. 3, ch. 97-123; s. 1, ch. 98-187.
201.091 Correction of prior error.If the only reason a document is not exempt from tax pursuant to s. 201.09 is the nonpayment or underpayment of tax on the document evidencing the original contract and obligation or the original primary debt or mortgage, then payment of the tax deficiency plus interest at the current statutory rate and penalty, if any, on the prior document shall cause the renewal to qualify for the exemption. The corrective payment described in this section may be made on the original note, on the original mortgage, on any subsequent mortgage modification, or in such other manner as may be set forth in rules promulgated by the Department of Revenue. The application of this section shall not be limited by expiration of any applicable statute of limitations on assessment or collection of the omitted tax.
History.s. 4, ch. 97-123.
201.10 Certificates of deposit issued by banks exempt.All certificates of deposit issued by any bank, banking association, or trust company are exempt from the requirement for an excise tax imposed by this chapter.
History.s. 2, ch. 19068, 1939; CGL 1940 Supp. 1279(119).
201.11 Administration of law by Department of Revenue.
(1) The administration of this chapter shall be vested in the Department of Revenue, which has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to enforce the provisions of this chapter and shall administer and enforce the taxes levied and imposed by this chapter. The Department of Revenue may enter upon the premises of any taxpayer, and examine or cause to be examined by any agent or representative designated by it for that purpose, any books, papers, records, or memoranda bearing upon the amount of taxes payable, and secure other information directly or indirectly concerned in the enforcement of this chapter. Any person, subject to this tax, who shall by any practice or evasion make it difficult to enforce the provisions of this chapter by inspection, or any person, agent or officer, who shall, after demand by the department or any agent or representative designated by it for that purpose, refuse to allow full inspection of the premises or any part thereof, or any books, records, documents, or other instruments in any way relating to the liability of the taxpayer for the tax herein imposed, or shall hinder or in anywise delay or prevent such inspection, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) The county comptroller or, if there be none, then the clerk of the circuit court, shall serve ex officio, and the Department of Revenue may appoint others, as agents for the collection of the tax imposed by this chapter. The department may adopt rules and regulations requiring the agents to meet certain standards, including, without limitation, a demonstrated volume of business or a geographical distribution. All agents shall be subject to audit and shall post a bond as may be required by the Department of Revenue. The Department of Revenue may purchase a blanket bond; however, all costs associated with such a bond shall be allocated by department regulation to those agents so bonded. An agent shall be compensated 0.5 percent of the tax collected as collection costs in the form of a deduction from the amount of the tax due and remitted by the agent, and the department shall allow the said deduction to the agent paying and remitting the tax in the manner as provided for by the department. However, no deduction or allowance shall be granted when there is a manifest failure to maintain proper records or make proper reports.
History.s. 2, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(112), 7473(5); ss. 21, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 104, ch. 71-136; s. 1, ch. 71-344; s. 2, ch. 74-325; s. 1, ch. 76-199; s. 1050, ch. 95-147; s. 10, ch. 96-395; s. 16, ch. 98-200.
201.12 Duties of clerks of the circuit court.Clerks of the circuit court shall report to the Department of Revenue the names and addresses of any and all individuals, firms, or corporations, who shall fail to have affixed either the required amount of stamps or a notation that the proper stamps and the amount of same have been paid or will be paid directly to the department on any conveyance or taxable instrument or document which may be recorded in their respective offices; and any such clerk who knowingly fails to report any such violation within 30 days after recording of any taxable instrument or document, without such stamps or notation, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction punished accordingly.
History.s. 2, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(113), 7473(6); ss. 21, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 3, ch. 81-14; s. 11, ch. 96-395.
201.13 Department of Revenue to furnish stamps for tax for specified period.Except as otherwise provided in ss. 201.132 and 201.133, through March 31, 1997, the Department of Revenue shall cause to be prepared and distributed for the payment of the taxes prescribed in this chapter suitable stamps denoting the tax on the documents to which same are required to be affixed and shall prescribe such method for the affixing of the stamps as shall be necessary to carry out and comply with the intent and purpose of this chapter. Persons holding documentary stamps after March 31, 1997, may continue to use those stamps to pay the tax.
History.s. 3, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(114); ss. 21, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 4, ch. 81-14; s. 12, ch. 96-395.
201.132 Exceptions to use of stamps on recorded documents; county comptrollers and clerks of the circuit court.
(1) The county comptroller or, if there be none, the clerk of the circuit court of each county may collect the tax imposed by this chapter without affixing stamps to the document to be recorded under the following conditions:
(a) A notation shall be placed on the document to be recorded showing the amount of tax paid and the county where payment is being made, and the notation shall be signed by, initialed, or otherwise stamped with the name or initials of the county comptroller or clerk of the circuit court, or designated agent thereof.
(b) All stamp taxes collected on recorded documents during the preceding week, less the collection allowance provided in s. 201.11(2), shall be transmitted to the department no later than 7 working days after the end of the week in which the taxes were collected. A report certifying the amount of tax payable shall be submitted with the remittance. Report forms shall be furnished by the department.
(c) A register approved by the department shall be maintained listing all recorded documents according to the clerk’s filing number assigned to each such document.
(2) A county comptroller or clerk of the circuit court who elects to use the procedure authorized by this section shall be subject to audit and shall make all records available for ready inspection by the department and shall post a bond at his or her own expense as may be required by the department.
(3) The authority provided by this section applies only to tax collected on documents to be recorded.
History.s. 1, ch. 81-14; s. 63, ch. 83-217; s. 8, ch. 87-102; s. 1051, ch. 95-147; s. 2, ch. 2002-8.
201.133 Payment of tax on documents not to be recorded; certificates of registration.
(1) Except as provided in s. 201.132, any person who has averaged or will average at least 5 taxable transactions per month shall register with the department and remit to the department all taxes due for documents not to be recorded.
(2) Each person described in subsection (1) shall apply for a certificate of registration with the department for each business location. The application shall include the name and address of the applicant together with such other information as the department may require.
(3) The department shall issue certificates of registration to qualified applicants who are required to register under this section.
(4) Any person described in subsection (1) who is required to register and remit tax imposed by this chapter shall file a report with the department not later than the 20th day of each month certifying the amount of tax payable for the preceding month, and a remittance shall be submitted with the report to cover the amount of tax payable for the preceding month. Any person who fails to timely report and pay any tax as required under this section shall be subject to penalties and interest imposed by this chapter. Report forms shall be furnished by the department.
(5) All persons described in subsection (1) shall be subject to audit and shall make their records available for ready inspection by the department and shall post a bond at their own expense as may be required by the department.
(6) Persons described in subsection (1) shall keep a journal, or other account book or record of original entry, showing a listing of all documents executed and delivered. The journal shall show a daily listing of such documents unless another time period is required by the department. The journal shall show every transaction and the amount, whether the transaction is taxable or not. In the case of taxable transactions, the journal shall show the amount of tax payable with respect to each transaction. In the case of nontaxable transactions, the journal shall disclose the basis on which the exemption from tax is claimed. Such records shall be kept in permanent form and retained indefinitely in the files subject to verification by the representative of the department. The following notation or similar language along with the certificate of registration number shall be made on each individual document requiring tax: “Florida documentary stamp tax required by law in the amount of $  has been paid or will be paid directly to the Department of Revenue. Certificate of Registration # .”
(7) Except as provided in s. 201.132, any person engaged in an average of less than 5 taxable transactions per month is required to remit tax imposed by this chapter to the department not later than the 20th day of the month for tax due for the preceding month for documents not to be recorded. Any person who fails to timely report and pay any tax as required under this subsection shall be subject to penalties and interest imposed by this chapter. Report forms shall be furnished by the department.
(8) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the department may require:
(a) A quarterly return and payment when the tax remitted for the preceding four calendar quarters did not exceed $1,000.
(b) A semiannual return and payment when the tax remitted for the preceding four calendar quarters did not exceed $500.
(c) An annual return and payment when the tax remitted for the preceding four calendar quarters did not exceed $100.
History.s. 2, ch. 81-14; s. 14, ch. 96-395.
201.14 Cancellation of stamps when used.Whenever an adhesive stamp is used for denoting any tax imposed by this chapter on documents, the person using or affixing the same shall write or stamp or cause to be written or stamped thereon, the initials of his, her, or its name, and the date upon which same is attached or used, so that the same may not again be used. Stamps shall be affixed in such manner that their removal will require continued application of steam or water; provided, that the Department of Revenue may prescribe such other method for the cancellation of such stamps as it may deem expedient.
History.s. 5, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(116); ss. 21, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1052, ch. 95-147.
201.15 Distribution of taxes collected.All taxes collected under this chapter are hereby pledged and shall be first made available to make payments when due on bonds issued pursuant to s. 215.618 or s. 215.619, or any other bonds authorized to be issued on a parity basis with such bonds. Such pledge and availability for the payment of these bonds shall have priority over any requirement for the payment of service charges or costs of collection and enforcement under this section. All taxes collected under this chapter, except taxes distributed to the Land Acquisition Trust Fund pursuant to subsections (1) and (2), are subject to the service charge imposed in s. 215.20(1). Before distribution pursuant to this section, the Department of Revenue shall deduct amounts necessary to pay the costs of the collection and enforcement of the tax levied by this chapter. The costs and service charge may not be levied against any portion of taxes pledged to debt service on bonds to the extent that the costs and service charge are required to pay any amounts relating to the bonds. All of the costs of the collection and enforcement of the tax levied by this chapter and the service charge shall be available and transferred to the extent necessary to pay debt service and any other amounts payable with respect to bonds authorized before January 1, 2017, secured by revenues distributed pursuant to this section. All taxes remaining after deduction of costs shall be distributed as follows:
(1) Amounts necessary to make payments on bonds issued pursuant to s. 215.618 or s. 215.619, as provided under paragraphs (3)(a) and (b), or on any other bonds authorized to be issued on a parity basis with such bonds shall be deposited into the Land Acquisition Trust Fund.
(2) If the amounts deposited pursuant to subsection (1) are less than 33 percent of all taxes collected after first deducting the costs of collection, an amount equal to 33 percent of all taxes collected after first deducting the costs of collection, minus the amounts deposited pursuant to subsection (1), shall be deposited into the Land Acquisition Trust Fund.
(3) Amounts on deposit in the Land Acquisition Trust Fund shall be used in the following order:
(a) Payment of debt service or funding of debt service reserve funds, rebate obligations, or other amounts payable with respect to Florida Forever bonds issued pursuant to s. 215.618. The amount used for such purposes may not exceed $300 million in each fiscal year. It is the intent of the Legislature that all bonds issued to fund the Florida Forever Act be retired by December 31, 2040. Except for bonds issued to refund previously issued bonds, no series of bonds may be issued pursuant to this paragraph unless such bonds are approved and the debt service for the remainder of the fiscal year in which the bonds are issued is specifically appropriated in the General Appropriations Act or other law with respect to bonds issued for the purposes of s. 373.4598.
(b) Payment of debt service or funding of debt service reserve funds, rebate obligations, or other amounts due with respect to Everglades restoration bonds issued pursuant to s. 215.619. Taxes distributed under paragraph (a) and this paragraph must be collectively distributed on a pro rata basis when the available moneys under this subsection are not sufficient to cover the amounts required under paragraph (a) and this paragraph.

Bonds issued pursuant to s. 215.618 or s. 215.619 are equally and ratably secured by moneys distributable to the Land Acquisition Trust Fund.

(4) After the required distributions to the Land Acquisition Trust Fund pursuant to subsections (1) and (2) and deduction of the service charge imposed pursuant to s. 215.20(1), the remainder shall be distributed as follows:
(a) The lesser of 24.18442 percent of the remainder or $541.75 million in each fiscal year shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the State Transportation Trust Fund. Of such funds, $75 million for each fiscal year shall be transferred to the General Revenue Fund. Notwithstanding any other law, the remaining amount credited to the State Transportation Trust Fund shall be used for:
1. Capital funding for the New Starts Transit Program, authorized by Title 49, U.S.C. s. 5309 and specified in s. 341.051, in the amount of 10 percent of the funds;
2. The Small County Outreach Program specified in s. 339.2818, in the amount of 10 percent of the funds;
3. The Strategic Intermodal System specified in ss. 339.61, 339.62, 339.63, and 339.64, in the amount of 75 percent of the funds after deduction of the payments required pursuant to subparagraphs 1. and 2.; and
4. The Transportation Regional Incentive Program specified in s. 339.2819, in the amount of 25 percent of the funds after deduction of the payments required pursuant to subparagraphs 1. and 2. The first $60 million of the funds allocated pursuant to this subparagraph shall be allocated annually to the Florida Rail Enterprise for the purposes established in s. 341.303(5).
(b) The lesser of 0.1456 percent of the remainder or $3.25 million in each fiscal year shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the Grants and Donations Trust Fund in the Department of Economic Opportunity to fund technical assistance to local governments.

Moneys distributed pursuant to paragraphs (a) and (b) may not be pledged for debt service unless such pledge is approved by referendum of the voters.

(c) Eleven and twenty-four hundredths percent of the remainder in each fiscal year shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the State Housing Trust Fund. Of such funds, the first $35 million shall be transferred annually, subject to any distribution required under subsection (5), to the State Economic Enhancement and Development Trust Fund within the Department of Economic Opportunity. The remainder shall be used as follows:
1. Half of that amount shall be used for the purposes for which the State Housing Trust Fund was created and exists by law.
2. Half of that amount shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the Local Government Housing Trust Fund and used for the purposes for which the Local Government Housing Trust Fund was created and exists by law.
(d) Twelve and ninety-three hundredths percent of the remainder in each fiscal year shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the State Housing Trust Fund. Of such funds, the first $40 million shall be transferred annually, subject to any distribution required under subsection (5), to the State Economic Enhancement and Development Trust Fund within the Department of Economic Opportunity. The remainder shall be used as follows:
1. Twelve and one-half percent of that amount shall be deposited into the State Housing Trust Fund and expended by the Department of Economic Opportunity and the Florida Housing Finance Corporation for the purposes for which the State Housing Trust Fund was created and exists by law.
2. Eighty-seven and one-half percent of that amount shall be distributed to the Local Government Housing Trust Fund and used for the purposes for which the Local Government Housing Trust Fund was created and exists by law. Funds from this category may also be used to provide for state and local services to assist the homeless.
(e) The lesser of 0.017 percent of the remainder or $300,000 in each fiscal year shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the General Inspection Trust Fund to be used to fund oyster management and restoration programs as provided in s. 379.362(3).
(5) Distributions to the State Housing Trust Fund pursuant to paragraphs (4)(c) and (d) must be sufficient to cover amounts required to be transferred to the Florida Affordable Housing Guarantee Program’s annual debt service reserve and guarantee fund pursuant to s. 420.5092(6)(a) and (b) up to the amount required to be transferred to such reserve and fund based on the percentage distribution of documentary stamp tax revenues to the State Housing Trust Fund which is in effect in the 2004-2005 fiscal year.
(6) After the distributions provided in the preceding subsections, any remaining taxes shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the General Revenue Fund.
History.s. 6, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(117); s. 4, ch. 79-350; ss. 2, 4, ch. 81-33; s. 7, ch. 85-347; s. 35, ch. 87-6; ss. 3, 4, ch. 87-96; s. 43, ch. 87-548; s. 12, ch. 90-132; s. 3, ch. 90-217; s. 2, ch. 91-79; s. 3, ch. 91-192; ss. 3, 4, ch. 92-317; ss. 1, 2, ch. 93-74; ss. 10, 11, ch. 94-240; ss. 46, 47, ch. 94-356; s. 1, ch. 95-394; s. 5, ch. 98-311; ss. 1, 2, ch. 99-247; ss. 33, 34, ch. 2000-151; ss. 1, 2, ch. 2000-170; ss. 33, 34, ch. 2000-197; s. 5, ch. 2001-279; s. 29, ch. 2002-1; s. 1, ch. 2002-261; s. 20, ch. 2003-394; s. 1, ch. 2005-92; s. 26, ch. 2005-290; ss. 21, 22, ch. 2006-1; ss. 1, 2, ch. 2006-185; ss. 1, 2, ch. 2006-231; s. 1, ch. 2007-60; ss. 42, 43, ch. 2007-73; s. 1, ch. 2007-335; s. 3, ch. 2008-114; s. 1, ch. 2008-229; s. 187, ch. 2008-247; s. 1, ch. 2009-17; s. 14, ch. 2009-21; s. 1, ch. 2009-68; s. 8, ch. 2009-131; s. 2, ch. 2009-271; ss. 43, 44, ch. 2010-153; ss. 50, 51, ch. 2011-47; s. 15, ch. 2011-142; ss. 4, 5, ch. 2011-189; s. 2, ch. 2012-127; s. 1, ch. 2012-145; s. 3, ch. 2013-39; s. 1, ch. 2014-61; s. 9, ch. 2015-229; s. 5, ch. 2016-220; s. 1, ch. 2017-10; s. 14, ch. 2017-233.
201.16 Other laws made applicable to chapter.All revenue laws relating to the assessment and collection of taxes are hereby extended to and made a part of this chapter, so far as applicable, for the purpose of collecting stamp taxes omitted through mistake or fraud from any instrument, document, paper, or writing named herein.
History.s. 3, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 1279(115).
201.165 Credit for tax paid to other states.
(1) For a tax imposed by any section of this chapter, a credit against the specific tax imposed by that section is allowed in an amount equal to a like tax lawfully imposed and paid on the same document or instrument in another state, territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia. For purposes of this subsection, “like tax” means an excise tax on documents that is in substance identical to the tax imposed by this chapter on the same document. The credit may not exceed the tax imposed by this chapter on the document. Proof of entitlement to such a credit must be provided to the department.
(2) The credit provided by this section applies retroactively. Notwithstanding the retroactivity of this credit provision, this section does not reopen a closed period of nonclaim under s. 215.26 or any other statute or extend the period of nonclaim under s. 215.26 or any other statute.
History.s. 11, ch. 99-208; s. 10, ch. 2013-18.
201.17 Penalties for failure to pay tax required.
(1) Whoever makes, signs, issues, or accepts, or causes to be made, signed, issued, or accepted, any instrument, document, or paper of any kind or description whatsoever, without the full amount of the tax herein imposed thereon being fully paid, or whoever makes use of any adhesive stamp to denote any tax imposed by this chapter without canceling or obliterating such stamps as herein provided, is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) If any document, instrument, or paper upon which the tax under this chapter is imposed, upon audit or at time of recordation, does not show the proper amount of tax paid, or if the tax imposed by this chapter on any document, instrument, or paper is not timely reported and paid as required by s. 201.133, the person or persons liable for the tax upon the document, instrument, or paper shall be subject to:
(a) Payment of the tax not paid.
(b) A specific penalty added to the tax in the amount of 10 percent of any unpaid tax if the failure is for not more than 30 days, with an additional 10 percent of any unpaid tax for each additional 30 days, or fraction thereof, during the time which the failure continues, not to exceed a total penalty of 50 percent, in the aggregate, of any unpaid tax. In no event shall the penalty be less than $10 for failure to timely file a tax return required. If it is determined by clear and convincing evidence that any part of a deficiency is due to fraud, there shall be added to the tax as a civil penalty, in lieu of the aforementioned penalty under this paragraph, an amount equal to 200 percent of the deficiency. These penalties are to be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other penalties imposed by law.
(c) Payment of interest to the Department of Revenue, accruing from the date the tax is due until paid, at the rate of 1 percent per month, based on the amount of tax not paid.
(3) The department may settle or compromise any interest or penalties pursuant to s. 213.21.
History.s. 4, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 7473(7); s. 105, ch. 71-136; s. 2, ch. 71-344; s. 4, ch. 76-261; s. 1, ch. 77-281; s. 5, ch. 81-14; s. 5, ch. 81-178; s. 65, ch. 87-6; s. 39, ch. 87-101; s. 13, ch. 91-224; s. 7, ch. 92-320; s. 9, ch. 93-233; s. 15, ch. 96-395.
201.18 Penalties for illegal use of stamps.
(1) Whoever fraudulently cuts, tears, or removes from any vellum, parchment, paper, instrument, writing, or document, upon which any tax is imposed by this chapter, any adhesive stamp used in pursuance of this chapter, or fraudulently uses, joins, fixes, or places to, with, or upon any vellum, parchment, paper, instrument, writing, or document, upon which any tax is imposed by this chapter:
(a) Any adhesive stamp which has been cut, torn, or removed from any other vellum, parchment, paper, instrument, writing, or document, upon which any tax is imposed by this chapter,
(b) Any adhesive stamp of insufficient value, or
(c) Any forged or counterfeited stamp; or
(2) Whoever willfully removes or alters the cancellation or defacing marks of, or otherwise prepares, any adhesive stamp with intent to use or cause the same to be used after it has already been used, or knowingly or willfully buys, sells, offers for sale, or gives away any such washed or restored stamp to any person for use, or knowingly uses the same, or whoever knowingly and without lawful excuse has in possession any washed, restored, or altered stamp which has been removed from any vellum, parchment, paper, instrument, writing, or document; or
(3) Whoever knowingly or willfully prepares, buys, sells, offers for sale, or has in his, her, or its possession any counterfeit stamps,

is guilty of a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

History.s. 4, ch. 15787, 1931; CGL 1936 Supp. 7473(7); s. 106, ch. 71-136; s. 3, ch. 71-344; s. 14, ch. 83-216; s. 66, ch. 87-6; s. 1053, ch. 95-147.
201.20 Penalties for illegally avoiding tax on notes.Any person using the provisions of s. 201.09 to avoid the payment of any tax justly due is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.s. 4, ch. 19068, 1939; CGL 1940 Supp. 7473(7a); s. 107, ch. 71-136; s. 4, ch. 71-344; s. 67, ch. 87-6; s. 40, ch. 87-101; s. 14, ch. 91-224.
201.21 Notes and other written obligations exempt under certain conditions.There shall be exempt from all excise taxes imposed by this chapter all promissory notes, nonnegotiable notes, and other written obligations to pay money bearing date subsequent to July 1, 1955, hereinafter referred to as “principal obligations,” when the maker thereof shall pledge or deposit with the payee or holder thereof pursuant to any agreement commonly known as a wholesale warehouse mortgage agreement, as collateral security for the payment thereof, any collateral obligation or obligations, as hereinafter defined, provided all excise taxes imposed by this chapter upon or in respect to such collateral obligation or obligations shall have been paid. If the indebtedness evidenced by any such principal obligation shall be in excess of the indebtedness evidenced by such collateral obligation or obligations, the exemption provided by this section shall not apply to the amount of such excess indebtedness; and, in such event, the excise taxes imposed by this chapter shall apply and be paid only in respect to such excess of indebtedness of such principal obligation. The term “collateral obligation” as used in this section means any note, bond, or other written obligation to pay money secured by mortgage, deed of trust, or other lien upon real or personal property. The pledging of a specific collateral obligation to secure a specific principal obligation, if required under the terms of the agreement, shall not invalidate the exemption provided by this section. The temporary removal of the document or documents representing one or more collateral obligations for a reasonable commercial purpose, for a period not exceeding 60 days, shall not invalidate the exemption provided by this section.
History.s. 1, ch. 29981, 1955; s. 8, ch. 79-350; s. 86, ch. 81-259.
201.22 Financing statements under chapter 679 of the Uniform Commercial Code.The excise tax on documents provided by this chapter shall be applicable to transactions covered by the Uniform Commercial Code to the same extent that it would be if the code had not been enacted. The clerk or filing officer shall not accept for filing or filing and recording any financing statement under chapter 679, unless there appears thereon a notation that the taxes required by this chapter have been paid on the promissory instruments secured by said financing statement and will be paid on any additional promissory instruments, advances, or similar instrument that may be secured by said financing statement. The failure to pay the tax required by this chapter, as so stated, shall be subject to the penalties provided by this chapter.
History.s. 1, ch. 65-254; s. 16, ch. 96-395.
201.23 Foreign notes and other written obligations exempt.
(1) There shall be exempt from all excise taxes imposed by this chapter:
(a) All promissory notes, nonnegotiable notes, and other written obligations to pay money bearing date on or after July 1, 1977, if the makers thereof or the obligors thereunder, at the time of the making or execution thereof, are individuals residing outside the United States or business organizations or other persons located outside the United States.
(b) All drafts or bills of exchange drawn upon and, on or after July 1, 1977, accepted by a bank having an office in Florida, which arise out of transactions involving the importation or exportation of goods or the storage of goods abroad, or drawn by banks or bankers in foreign countries or dependencies or insular possessions of the United States for the purpose of furnishing dollar exchange as required by the usages of trade in the respective countries, dependencies, or insular possessions, if at the date of the acceptance of any of the foregoing the drawer of the draft or bill of exchange or the persons for whose benefit the financing is conducted are individuals residing outside the United States or business organizations or other persons located outside the United States.
(c) Any promissory note, nonnegotiable note, or other written obligation to pay money if the note or obligation is executed and delivered outside this state and at the time of its making is secured only by a mortgage, deed of trust, or similar security agreement encumbering real estate located outside this state and if such promissory note, nonnegotiable note, or other written obligation for payment of money is brought into this state for deposit as collateral security under a wholesale warehouse mortgage agreement or for inclusion in a pool of mortgages deposited with a custodian as security for obligations issued by an agency of the United States Government or for inclusion in a pool of mortgages to be serviced for the account of a customer by a mortgage lender licensed or exempt from licensing under part III of chapter 494.
(2) The exemptions provided in this chapter shall not apply:
(a) To mortgages, trust deeds, security agreements, or other evidences of indebtedness relating to the purchase or transfer of real property located in Florida and filed or recorded in the state, which shall be taxable as if they were entered into within this state.
(b) If the purpose of the financing evidenced by any instrument described in paragraph (1)(a) is to finance all or any part of the purchase of real estate located in Florida or personal property for use in Florida. However, the obligee under any such instrument shall be entitled to rely on a written certificate by the makers thereof or the obligors thereunder that no part of the proceeds of such financing is intended for any such purpose.
(c) If, at the date of any instrument described in paragraph (1)(a) or at the date of acceptance of any instrument described in paragraph (1)(b), a majority of the equity securities of any maker of any instrument described in paragraph (1)(a) or of any obligor thereunder, or of any drawer or person for whose benefit the financing referred to in paragraph (1)(b) is conducted, are owned by individuals residing within the United States or business organizations or other persons located within the United States. However, the obligee under or acceptor of any such instrument shall be entitled to rely upon the written certificate of each maker, obligor, or person for whose benefit the financing is conducted, other than an individual, certifying that a majority of its equity securities are not owned by individuals residing within the United States or business organizations or other persons located within the United States.
(3) The provisions of this section shall not be construed so as to impair the obligation of any contract entered into prior to July 1, 1977.
(4)(a) The excise taxes imposed by this chapter shall not apply to the documents, notes, evidences of indebtedness, financing statements, drafts, bills of exchange, or other taxable items dealt with, made, issued, drawn upon, accepted, delivered, shipped, received, signed, executed, assigned, transferred, or sold by or to a banking organization in the conduct of an international banking transaction. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to change the application of paragraph (2)(a).
(b) For purposes of this subsection, the term:
1. “Banking organization” means:
a. A bank organized and existing under the laws of any state;
b. A national bank organized and existing pursuant to the provisions of the National Bank Act, 12 U.S.C. ss. 21 et seq.;
c. An Edge Act corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of s. 25(a) of the Federal Reserve Act, 12 U.S.C. ss. 611 et seq.;
d. An international bank agency licensed pursuant to the laws of any state;
e. A federal agency licensed pursuant to ss. 4 and 5 of the International Banking Act of 1978;
f. A savings association organized and existing under the laws of any state;
g. A federal association organized and existing pursuant to the provisions of the Home Owners’ Loan Act of 1933, 12 U.S.C. ss. 1461 et seq.; or
h. A Florida export finance corporation organized and existing pursuant to the provisions of part V of chapter 288.
2. “International banking transaction” means:
a. The financing of the exportation from, or the importation into, the United States or between jurisdictions abroad of tangible personal property or services;
b. The financing of the production, preparation, storage, or transportation of tangible personal property or services which are identifiable as being directly and solely for export from, or import into, the United States or between jurisdictions abroad;
c. The financing of contracts, projects, or activities to be performed substantially abroad, except those transactions secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other lien upon real property located in the state;
d. The receipt of deposits or borrowings or the extensions of credit by an international banking facility, except the loan or deposit of funds secured by mortgage, deed of trust, or other lien upon real property located in the state; or
e. Entering into foreign exchange trading or hedging transactions in connection with the activities described in sub-subparagraph d.
History.s. 1, ch. 77-463; s. 9, ch. 79-350; s. 92, ch. 79-400; s. 5, ch. 80-136; s. 3, ch. 81-179; s. 53, ch. 91-245; s. 34, ch. 2005-280; s. 64, ch. 2009-241.
201.24 Obligations of municipalities, political subdivisions, and agencies of the state.There shall be exempt from all taxes imposed by this chapter:
(1) Any obligation to pay money issued by a municipality, political subdivision, or agency of the state.
(2) Any assignment, transfer, or other disposition, or any document, which arises out of a rental, lease, or lease-purchase for real property agreement entered pursuant to s. 1013.15(2) or (4).
History.s. 10, ch. 79-350; s. 2, ch. 88-119; s. 29, ch. 95-269; s. 2, ch. 98-264; s. 913, ch. 2002-387.