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The Florida Statutes

The 2014 Florida Statutes

Title XLVI
CRIMES
Chapter 832
VIOLATIONS INVOLVING CHECKS AND DRAFTS
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CHAPTER 832
CHAPTER 832
VIOLATIONS INVOLVING CHECKS AND DRAFTS
832.04 Stopping payment; purchase of farm or grove products.
832.041 Stopping payment with intent to defraud.
832.05 Giving worthless checks, drafts, and debit card orders; penalty; duty of drawee; evidence; costs; complaint form.
832.06 Prosecution for worthless checks given tax collector for licenses or taxes; refunds.
832.062 Prosecution for worthless checks, drafts, debit card orders, or electronic funds transfers made to pay any tax or associated amount administered by the Department of Revenue.
832.07 Prima facie evidence of intent; identity.
832.075 Requiring credit card information for check or draft acceptance prohibited.
832.08 State attorney bad check diversion program; fees for collections.
832.09 Suspension of driver license after warrant or capias is issued in worthless check case.
832.10 Alternative to bad check diversion program; fees for collection.
832.04 Stopping payment; purchase of farm or grove products.
(1) Whoever, with intent to defraud any producer of farm or grove products or product of such products or product shall, in person or by agent, make, draw, utter, deliver, or give to such producer any check, draft, or written order for the payment of money upon any bank, person, or corporation and secure from such producer such products or product for or on account of such check, draft, or written order, whether such products or product are valued at the amount of such check, draft, or written order or at a greater or lesser value, and who shall, pursuant to and in furtherance of such intent to defraud, stop payment on such check, draft, or written order, shall be deemed to be guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, if the value of the products or product secured for or on account of such check, draft, or written order is $150 or more; and if the value of the products or product secured for or on account of such check, draft, or written order is less than $150, he or she shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) In all prosecutions under this section, the introduction in evidence of any unpaid and dishonored check, draft, or written order for the payment of money upon any bank, person, or corporation, bearing the drawee’s refusal to pay the same because of payment having been stopped, stamped, or written thereon or attached thereto, shall be prima facie evidence of the making or uttering of said check, draft, or written order, and of due presentation to the drawee for payment, and of the dishonor thereof, and that the same was properly dishonored because of payment thereof having been stopped by the maker or drawer. And, as against the maker or drawer thereof, the stopping of payment of any such check, draft, or written order made, drawn, uttered, delivered, or given to a producer of farm or grove products or product in payment for any such products or product, the possession or control of which shall have been transferred upon faith of payment of such check, draft, or written order, whether such products or product be valued at the amount of such check, draft, or written order or at a greater or lesser amount, shall be prima facie evidence that such maker or drawer had the above mentioned intent to defraud such producer, if such maker or drawer, or his or her agent, shall have personally inspected such products or product at or before such transfer of possession or control.
(3) This section shall be taken to be cumulative and shall not be construed to repeal any other statute now in effect.
History.ss. 1, 2, 4, ch. 26884, 1951; s. 979, ch. 71-136; s. 7, ch. 86-161; s. 1301, ch. 97-102.
832.041 Stopping payment with intent to defraud.
(1) Whoever, with intent to defraud any person shall, in person or by agent, make, draw, utter, deliver, or give any check, draft, or written order for the payment of money upon any bank, person, or corporation and secure from such person goods or services for or on account of such check, draft, or written order, whether such goods or services are valued at the amount of such check, draft, or written order or at a greater or lesser value, and who shall, pursuant to and in furtherance of such intent to defraud, stop payment on such check, draft, or written order, shall be deemed to be guilty of a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, if the value of the goods or services secured for or on account of such check, draft, or written order is $150 or more; and if the value of the goods or services secured for or on account of such check, draft, or written order is less than $150, he or she shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) This section shall be taken to be cumulative and shall not be construed to repeal any other statute now in effect.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 65-413; s. 980, ch. 71-136; s. 8, ch. 86-161; s. 1302, ch. 97-102.
832.05 Giving worthless checks, drafts, and debit card orders; penalty; duty of drawee; evidence; costs; complaint form.
(1) PURPOSE.The purpose of this section is to remedy the evil of giving checks, drafts, bills of exchange, debit card orders, and other orders on banks without first providing funds in or credit with the depositories on which the same are made or drawn to pay and satisfy the same, which tends to create the circulation of worthless checks, drafts, bills of exchange, debit card orders, and other orders on banks, bad banking, check kiting, and a mischief to trade and commerce.
(2) WORTHLESS CHECKS, DRAFTS, OR DEBIT CARD ORDERS; PENALTY.
(a) It is unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to draw, make, utter, issue, or deliver to another any check, draft, or other written order on any bank or depository, or to use a debit card, for the payment of money or its equivalent, knowing at the time of the drawing, making, uttering, issuing, or delivering such check or draft, or at the time of using such debit card, that the maker or drawer thereof has not sufficient funds on deposit in or credit with such bank or depository with which to pay the same on presentation; except that this section does not apply to any check when the payee or holder knows or has been expressly notified prior to the drawing or uttering of the check, or has reason to believe, that the drawer did not have on deposit or to the drawer’s credit with the drawee sufficient funds to ensure payment as aforesaid, nor does this section apply to any postdated check.
(b) A violation of the provisions of this subsection constitutes a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, unless the check, draft, debit card order, or other written order drawn, made, uttered, issued, or delivered is in the amount of $150, or its equivalent, or more and the payee or a subsequent holder thereof receives something of value therefor. In that event, the violation constitutes a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(3) CASHING OR DEPOSITING ITEM WITH INTENT TO DEFRAUD; PENALTY.
(a) It is unlawful for any person, by act or common scheme, to cash or deposit any item, as defined in s. 674.104(1)(i), in any bank or depository with intent to defraud.
(b) A violation of the provisions of this subsection constitutes a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(4) OBTAINING PROPERTY OR SERVICES IN RETURN FOR WORTHLESS CHECKS, DRAFTS, OR DEBIT CARD ORDERS; PENALTY.
(a) It is unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to obtain any services, goods, wares, or other things of value by means of a check, draft, or other written order upon any bank, person, firm, or corporation, knowing at the time of the making, drawing, uttering, issuing, or delivering of such check or draft that the maker thereof has not sufficient funds on deposit in or credit with such bank or depository with which to pay the same upon presentation. However, no crime may be charged in respect to the giving of any such check or draft or other written order when the payee knows, has been expressly notified, or has reason to believe that the drawer did not have on deposit or to the drawer’s credit with the drawee sufficient funds to ensure payment thereof. A payee does not have reason to believe a payor does not have sufficient funds to ensure payment of a check solely because the payor has previously issued a worthless check to him or her.
(b) It is unlawful for any person to use a debit card to obtain money, goods, services, or anything else of value knowing at the time of such use that he or she does not have sufficient funds on deposit with which to pay for the same or that the value thereof exceeds the amount of credit which is available to him or her through an overdraft financing agreement or prearranged line of credit which is accessible by the use of the card.
(c) A violation of the provisions of this subsection, if the check, draft, other written order, or debit card order is for an amount less than $150 or its equivalent, constitutes a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. A violation of the provisions of this subsection, if the check, draft, other written order, or debit card order is in the amount of $150, or its equivalent, or more, constitutes a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(5) PAYMENT NO DEFENSE.Payment of a dishonored check, draft, bill of exchange, or other order does not constitute a defense or ground for dismissal of charges brought under this section.
(6) “CREDIT,” “DEBIT CARD” DEFINED.
(a) The word “credit” as used herein shall be construed to mean an arrangement or understanding with the drawee for the payment of such check, draft, or other written order.
(b) As used in this section, the term “debit card” means a card, code, or other device, other than a check, draft, or similar paper instrument, by the use of which a person may order, instruct, or authorize a financial institution to debit a demand deposit, savings deposit, or other asset account.
(7) REASON FOR DISHONOR, DUTY OF DRAWEE.It is the duty of the drawee of any check, draft, or other written order, before refusing to pay the same to the holder thereof upon presentation, to cause to be written, printed, or stamped in plain language thereon or attached thereto the reason for the drawee’s dishonor or refusal to pay it. In any prosecution under this section, the introduction in evidence of any unpaid and dishonored check, draft, or other written order having the drawee’s refusal to pay stamped or written thereon or attached thereto, with the reason therefor as aforesaid, is prima facie evidence of the making or uttering of such check, draft, or other written order, of the due presentation to the drawee for payment and the dishonor thereof, and that the same was properly dishonored for the reasons written, stamped, or attached by the drawee on such dishonored check, draft, or other written order. As against the maker or drawer thereof, the withdrawing from deposit with the drawee named in the check, draft, or other written order of the funds on deposit with such drawee necessary to ensure payment of such check, draft, or other written order upon presentation within a reasonable time after negotiation or the drawing, making, uttering, or delivering of a check, draft, or written order, payment of which is refused by the drawee, is prima facie evidence of knowledge of insufficient funds in or credit with such drawee. However, if it is determined at the trial in a prosecution hereunder that the payee of any such check, draft, or written order, at the time of accepting such check, draft, or written order, had knowledge of or reason to believe that the drawer of such check, draft, or other written order did not have sufficient funds on deposit in or credit with such drawee, then the payee instituting such criminal prosecution shall be assessed all costs of court incurred in connection with such prosecution.
(8) COSTS.When a prosecution is initiated under this section before any committing trial court judge, the party applying for the warrant shall be held liable for costs accruing in the event the case is dismissed for want of prosecution. No costs shall be charged to the county in such dismissed cases.
(9) STATE ATTORNEYS; WORTHLESS CHECKS; FORM OF COMPLAINT.The state attorneys of Florida shall collectively promulgate a single form to be used in all judicial circuits by persons reporting a violation of this chapter.
(10) CONSTRUCTION; PAYEE OR HOLDER; INSUFFICIENT FUNDS.For the purposes of construction of this section, a payee or holder does not have knowledge, express notification, or reason to believe that the maker or drawer has insufficient funds to ensure payment of a check, draft, or debit card solely because the maker or drawer has previously drawn or issued a worthless check, draft, or debit card order to the payee or holder.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 28096, 1953; s. 1, ch. 61-284; s. 1, ch. 61-185; s. 981, ch. 71-136; s. 1, ch. 79-98; s. 9, ch. 84-297; s. 9, ch. 86-161; s. 42, ch. 88-381; s. 6, ch. 89-303; s. 5, ch. 91-211; s. 61, ch. 92-82; s. 1303, ch. 97-102; s. 15, ch. 2001-115; s. 15, ch. 2004-11.
832.06 Prosecution for worthless checks given tax collector for licenses or taxes; refunds.
(1) Whenever any person, firm, or corporation violates the provisions of s. 832.05 by drawing, making, uttering, issuing, or delivering to any county tax collector any check, draft, or other written order on any bank or depository for the payment of money or its equivalent for any tag, title, lien, tax (except ad valorem taxes), penalty, or fee relative to a boat, airplane, motor vehicle, driver license, or identification card; any occupational license, beverage license, or sales or use tax; or any hunting or fishing license, the county tax collector, after the exercise of due diligence to locate the person, firm, or corporation which drew, made, uttered, issued, or delivered the check, draft, or other written order for the payment of money, or to collect the same by the exercise of due diligence and prudence, shall swear out a complaint in the proper court against the person, firm, or corporation for the issuance of the worthless check or draft. If the state attorney cannot sign the information due to lack of proof, as determined by the state attorney in good faith, for a prima facie case in court, he or she shall issue a certificate so stating to the tax collector. If payment of the dishonored check, draft, or other written order, together with court costs expended, is not received in full by the county tax collector within 30 days after service of the warrant, 30 days after conviction, or 60 days after the collector swears out the complaint or receives the certificate of the state attorney, whichever is first, the county tax collector shall make a written report to this effect to the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles relative to motor vehicles and vessels, to the Department of Revenue relative to occupational licenses and the sales and use tax, to the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation relative to beverage licenses, or to the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission relative to hunting and fishing licenses, containing a statement of the amount remaining unpaid on the worthless check or draft. If the information is not signed, the certificate of the state attorney is issued, and the written report of the amount remaining unpaid is made, the county tax collector may request the sum be forthwith refunded by the appropriate governmental entity, agency, or department. If a warrant has been issued and served, he or she shall certify to that effect, together with the court costs and amount remaining unpaid on the check. The county tax collector may request that the sum of money certified by him or her be forthwith refunded by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, the Department of Revenue, the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation, or the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission to the county tax collector. Within 30 days after receipt of the request, the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, the Department of Revenue, the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation, or the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, upon being satisfied as to the correctness of the certificate of the tax collector, or the report, shall refund to the county tax collector the sums of money so certified or reported. If any officer of any court issuing the warrant is unable to serve it within 60 days after the issuance and delivery of it to the officer for service, the officer shall make a written return to the county tax collector to this effect. Thereafter, the county tax collector may certify that the warrant has been issued and that service has not been had upon the defendant and further certify the amount of the worthless check or draft and the amount of court costs expended by the county tax collector, and the county tax collector may file the certificate with the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles relative to motor vehicles and vessels, with the Department of Revenue relative to occupational licenses and the sales and use tax, with the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation relative to beverage licenses, or with the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission relative to hunting and fishing licenses, together with a request that the sums of money so certified be forthwith refunded by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, the Department of Revenue, the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation, or the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission to the county tax collector, and within 30 days after receipt of the request, the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, the Department of Revenue, the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation, or the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, upon being satisfied as to the correctness of the certificate, shall refund the sums of money so certified to the county tax collector.
(2) The provisions of this act shall be liberally construed in order to effectively carry out the purposes of this act in the interest of the public.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 63-343; s. 6, ch. 65-190; s. 1, ch. 69-77; ss. 16, 21, 24, 25, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 74-348; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 34, ch. 79-11; s. 250, ch. 94-218; s. 474, ch. 94-356; s. 1304, ch. 97-102; s. 231, ch. 99-245; s. 68, ch. 99-248; s. 30, ch. 2000-197.
832.062 Prosecution for worthless checks, drafts, debit card orders, or electronic funds transfers made to pay any tax or associated amount administered by the Department of Revenue.
(1) It is unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to draw, make, utter, issue, or deliver to the Department of Revenue any check, draft, or other written order on any bank or depository, to use a debit card, to make, send, instruct, order, or initiate any electronic funds transfer, or to cause or direct the making, sending, instructing, ordering, or initiating of any electronic funds transfer, for the payment of any taxes, penalties, interest, fees, or associated amounts administered by the Department of Revenue, knowing at the time of the drawing, making, uttering, issuing, or delivering such check, draft, or other written order, at the time of using such debit card, at the time of making, sending, instructing, ordering, or initiating any electronic funds transfer, or at the time of causing or directing the making, sending, instructing, ordering, initiating, or executing of any electronic funds transfer, that the maker, drawer, sender, or receiver thereof has not sufficient funds on deposit in or credit with such bank or depository with which to pay the same on presentation. This section does not apply to any check or electronic funds transfer when the Department of Revenue knows or has been expressly notified prior to the drawing or uttering of the check or the sending or initiating of the electronic funds transfer, or has reason to believe, that the drawer, sender, or receiver did not have on deposit or to the drawer’s, sender’s, or receiver’s credit with the drawee or receiving bank or depository sufficient funds to ensure payment as aforesaid, and this section does not apply to any postdated check.
(2) A violation of this section constitutes a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, unless the check, draft, debit card order, or other written order drawn, made, uttered, issued, or delivered, or electronic funds transfer made, sent, instructed, ordered, or initiated, or caused or directed to be made, sent, instructed, ordered, or initiated is in the amount of $150 or more. In that event, the violation constitutes a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(3) For purposes of prosecution, a violation under this section occurs in the county in which the check is issued or the electronic funds transfer is sent and in the county in which it is received. A check will be deemed issued at the residence address of an individual taxpayer and at the business address of a business taxpayer.
(4)(a) In any prosecution or action under this section, the making, drawing, uttering, or delivery of a check, draft, or order; the making, sending, instructing, ordering, or initiating of any electronic funds transfer; or causing the making, sending, instructing, ordering, or initiating of any electronic transfer payment, any of which are refused by the drawee because of lack of funds or credit, is prima facie evidence of intent to defraud or knowledge of insufficient funds in, or credit with, such bank, banking institution, trust company, or other depository, unless the maker, drawer, sender, instructor, orderer, or initiator, or someone for him or her, has paid the holder thereof the amount due thereon, together with a service charge, which may not exceed the service fees authorized under s. 832.08(5), or an amount of up to 5 percent of the face amount of the check or the amount of the electronic funds transfer, whichever is greater, within 15 days after written notice has been sent to the address printed on the check, or given or on file at the time of issuance, that such check, draft, order, or electronic funds transfer has not been paid to the holder thereof, and has paid the bank fees incurred by the holder. In the event of legal action for recovery, the maker, drawer, sender, instructor, orderer, or initiator may be additionally liable for court costs and reasonable attorney’s fees. Notice mailed by certified or registered mail that is evidenced by return receipt, or by first-class mail that is evidenced by an affidavit of service of mail, to the address printed on the check or given or on file at the time of issuance shall be deemed sufficient and equivalent to notice having been received by the maker, drawer, sender, instructor, orderer, or initiator, whether such notice is returned undelivered or not. The form of the notice shall be substantially as follows:

“You are hereby notified that a check or electronic funds transfer, numbered  , in the face amount of $ , issued or initiated by you on   (date)  , drawn upon   (name of bank)  , and payable to  , has been dishonored. Pursuant to Florida law, you have 15 days following the date of this notice to tender payment of the full amount of such check or electronic funds transfer plus a service charge of $25, if the face value does not exceed $50; $30, if the face value exceeds $50 but does not exceed $300; $40, if the face value exceeds $300; or an amount of up to 5 percent of the face amount of the check, whichever is greater, the total amount due being $  and   cents. Unless this amount is paid in full within the time specified above, the holder of such check or electronic funds transfer may turn over the dishonored check or electronic funds transfer and all other available information relating to this incident to the state attorney for criminal prosecution. You may be additionally liable in a civil action for triple the amount of the check or electronic funds transfer, but in no case less than $50, together with the amount of the check or electronic funds transfer, a service charge, court costs, reasonable attorney’s fees, and incurred bank fees, as provided in s. 68.065, Florida Statutes.”

Subsequent persons receiving a check, draft, order, or electronic funds transfer from the original payee or a successor endorsee have the same rights that the original payee has against the maker of the instrument if the subsequent persons give notice in a substantially similar form to that provided above. Subsequent persons providing such notice are immune from civil liability for the giving of such notice and for proceeding under the forms of such notice so long as the maker of the instrument has the same defenses against these subsequent persons as against the original payee. However, the remedies available under this section may be exercised only by one party in interest.

(b) When a check, draft, order, or electronic funds transfer is drawn on a bank in which the maker, drawer, sender, instructor, orderer, or initiator has no account or a closed account, it shall be presumed that the check, draft, or order was issued, or the electronic funds transfer was initiated, with intent to defraud, and the notice requirement set forth in this section shall be waived.
(c) This subsection does not apply if it is determined that the dishonored check, draft, order, or electronic funds transfer was refused due to an unintentional error committed by the drawee, maker, drawer, sender, instructor, orderer, initiator, or holder, and the unintentional error is substantiated.
(5)(a) In any prosecution or action under this section, a check, draft, order, or electronic funds transfer for which the information required in paragraph (b) is available at the time of issuance constitutes prima facie evidence of the identity of the person issuing the check, draft, order, or electronic funds transfer and that such person is authorized to draw upon the named account.
(b) To establish this prima facie evidence:
1. If a check or electronic funds transfer is received by the Department of Revenue through the mail or by delivery to a representative of the Department of Revenue or by electronic means, the prima facie evidence referred to in paragraph (a) may be established by presenting the original tax return, certificate, license, application for certificate or license, enrollment and authorization for the e-services program, or other document relating to amounts owed by that person or taxpayer which the check or electronic funds transfer purports to pay for, bearing the signature of the person who signed the check or electronic signature of the person who initiated the electronic funds transfer, or by presenting a copy of the information required in subparagraph 2. which is on file with the accepter of the check or electronic funds transfer together with the signature or electronic signature of the person presenting the check or initiating the electronic funds transfer. The use of taxpayer information for purposes of establishing the identity of a person under this paragraph shall be deemed a use of such information for official purposes.
2. The person accepting such check or electronic funds transfer must obtain the following information regarding the identity of the person presenting the check: the presenter’s or initiator’s full name, residence address, home telephone number, business telephone number, place of employment, gender, date of birth, and height.
History.s. 11, ch. 87-102; s. 23, ch. 90-203; s. 1305, ch. 97-102; s. 30, ch. 2003-254; s. 37, ch. 2007-106; s. 164, ch. 2008-4.
832.07 Prima facie evidence of intent; identity.
(1) INTENT.
(a) In any prosecution or action under this chapter, the making, drawing, uttering, or delivery of a check, draft, or order, payment of which is refused by the drawee because of lack of funds or credit, shall be prima facie evidence of intent to defraud or knowledge of insufficient funds in, or credit with, such bank, banking institution, trust company, or other depository, unless such maker or drawer, or someone for him or her, shall have paid the holder thereof the amount due thereon, together with a service charge not to exceed the service fees authorized under s. 832.08(5) or an amount of up to 5 percent of the face amount of the check, whichever is greater, within 15 days after written notice has been sent to the address printed on the check or given at the time of issuance that such check, draft, or order has not been paid to the holder thereof, and bank fees incurred by the holder. In the event of legal action for recovery, the maker or drawer may be additionally liable for court costs and reasonable attorney’s fees. Notice mailed by certified or registered mail, evidenced by return receipt, or by first-class mail, evidenced by an affidavit of service of mail, to the address printed on the check or given at the time of issuance shall be deemed sufficient and equivalent to notice having been received by the maker or drawer, whether such notice shall be returned undelivered or not. The form of such notice shall be substantially as follows:

“You are hereby notified that a check, numbered  , in the face amount of $ , issued by you on   (date)  , drawn upon   (name of bank)  , and payable to  , has been dishonored. Pursuant to Florida law, you have 15 days from the date of this notice to tender payment of the full amount of such check plus a service charge of $25, if the face value does not exceed $50, $30, if the face value exceeds $50 but does not exceed $300, $40, if the face value exceeds $300, or an amount of up to 5 percent of the face amount of the check, whichever is greater, the total amount due being $  and   cents. Unless this amount is paid in full within the time specified above, the holder of such check may turn over the dishonored check and all other available information relating to this incident to the state attorney for criminal prosecution. You may be additionally liable in a civil action for triple the amount of the check, but in no case less than $50, together with the amount of the check, a service charge, court costs, reasonable attorney fees, and incurred bank fees, as provided in s. 68.065.”

Subsequent persons receiving a check, draft, or order from the original payee or a successor endorsee have the same rights that the original payee has against the maker of the instrument, provided such subsequent persons give notice in a substantially similar form to that provided above. Subsequent persons providing such notice shall be immune from civil liability for the giving of such notice and for proceeding under the forms of such notice, so long as the maker of the instrument has the same defenses against these subsequent persons as against the original payee. However, the remedies available under this section may be exercised only by one party in interest.

(b) When a check is drawn on a bank in which the maker or drawer has no account or a closed account, it shall be presumed that such check was issued with intent to defraud, and the notice requirement set forth in this section shall be waived.
(2) IDENTITY.
(a) In any prosecution or action under the provisions of this chapter, a check, draft, or order for which the information required in paragraph (b), paragraph (d), paragraph (e), or paragraph (f) is available at the time of issuance constitutes prima facie evidence of the identity of the person issuing the check, draft, or order and that such person is authorized to draw upon the named account.
(b) To establish this prima facie evidence:
1. The driver license number or state identification number, specifying the state of issuance of the person presenting the check must be written on the check; or
2. The following information regarding the identity of the person presenting the check must be obtained by the person accepting such check: The presenter’s full name, residence address, home phone number, business phone number, place of employment, sex, date of birth, and height.
(c) The information required in subparagraph (b)2. may be provided by either of two methods:
1. The information may be recorded on the check; or
2. The number of a check-cashing identification card issued by the accepter of the check may be recorded on the check. In order to be used to establish identity, such check-cashing identification card may not be issued until the information required in subparagraph (b)2. has been placed on file with the accepter of the check.
(d) If a check is received by a payee through the mail or by delivery to a representative of the payee, the prima facie evidence referred to in paragraph (a) may be established by presenting the original contract, order, or request for services that the check purports to pay for, bearing the signature of the person who signed the check, or by presenting a copy of the information required in subparagraph (b)2. which is on file with the accepter of the check together with the signature of the person presenting the check.
(e) If a check is received by a payee and the drawer or maker has a check-cashing identification card on file with the payee, the prima facie evidence referred to in paragraph (a) may be established by presenting the signature found on the check-cashing identification card bearing the signature of the person who signed the check.
(f) If a check is received by the Department of Revenue through the mail or by delivery to a representative of the Department of Revenue, the prima facie evidence referred to in paragraph (a) may be established by presenting the original tax return, certificate, license, application for certificate or license, or other document relating to amounts owed by that person or taxpayer which the check purports to pay for, bearing the signature of the person who signed the check, or by presenting a copy of the information required in subparagraph (b)2. which is on file with the accepter of the check together with the signature of the person presenting the check. The use of taxpayer information for purposes of establishing the identity of a person pursuant to this paragraph shall be considered a use of such information for official purposes.
History.s. 1, ch. 75-189; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 79-345; s. 1, ch. 80-301; s. 2, ch. 86-89; s. 10, ch. 86-161; s. 1, ch. 86-198; s. 12, ch. 87-102; s. 2, ch. 89-303; s. 2, ch. 91-211; s. 1, ch. 94-207; s. 3, ch. 96-239; s. 1821, ch. 97-102; s. 3, ch. 98-297; s. 7, ch. 2004-273.
832.075 Requiring credit card information for check or draft acceptance prohibited.
(1) No person shall require, as a condition of acceptance of a check or share draft or as a means of identification, that the person presenting the check or draft provide a credit card number or credit card expiration date.
(2) Recording a credit card number or expiration date in connection with the sale of goods or services in which the purchaser pays by check or share draft, or in connection with the acceptance of a check or share draft, is a noncriminal violation as defined pursuant to s. 775.08 punishable by a fine of $250 for the first violation and $1,000 for the second or subsequent violation in accordance with the provisions of s. 775.083.
(3) This section shall not prohibit a person from requesting a purchaser to display a credit card as indicia of credit worthiness and financial responsibility or as additional identification, but the only information concerning a credit card which may be recorded is the type of credit card so displayed and the issuer of the credit card. This section does not require acceptance of a check or share draft whether or not a credit card is presented.
(4) This section does not prohibit a person from requesting or receiving a credit card number or expiration date and recording the number or date, or both, in lieu of a deposit to secure payment in the event of default, loss, damage, or other occurrence.
(5) This section does not prohibit a credit card issuer or a subsidiary of the issuer of a credit card from requesting or receiving a credit card number or expiration date and recording the number or date, or both, for the purpose of establishing identity pursuant to s. 832.07(2).
(6) This section does not prohibit a person from recording a credit card number or expiration date as a condition for cashing a check where that person has agreed with the card issuer to cash checks as a service to the card issuer’s cardholders and the card issuer has agreed to guarantee cardholder checks cashed by that person.
History.s. 2, ch. 90-212.
832.08 State attorney bad check diversion program; fees for collections.
(1) In any judicial circuit where a bad check diversion program is not in existence as of October 1, 1986, the state attorney may establish such a program, either within the state attorney’s office or through an independent contractor, for the purpose of diverting from prosecution certain persons accused of a violation of s. 832.04, s. 832.041, s. 832.05, or s. 832.06. The use of such a diversion program shall not affect the authority of the state attorney to prosecute any person for any such violation.
(2) Upon receipt of a complaint alleging any such violation, the state attorney shall determine if the case is appropriate for referral to the bad check diversion program by considering:
(a) The amount of the bad check.
(b) The prior criminal record of the defendant.
(c) Whether or not there are other bad check complaints currently pending against the defendant.
(d) The strength of the evidence of intent to defraud the victim.
(3) Upon referral of a complaint to the bad check diversion program, the state attorney shall forward a notice of the complaint by mail to the defendant. The notice shall contain all of the following:
(a) The date and amount of the check.
(b) The name of the payee.
(c) The date before which the defendant must contact the bad check office concerning the complaint.
(d) A statement of the penalty for issuance of a bad check.
(4) If the state attorney allows the defendant to enter into a diversion program, the state attorney shall enter into a written agreement with the defendant to divert him or her on bad check charges. The diversion agreement shall include all of the following conditions, which must be accepted by the defendant:
(a) Attendance at a program designed to assist and educate persons who have violated the provisions of this chapter.
(b) Full restitution on the check.
(c) Full payment of fees due under subsection (5).
(d) Any individual who does not fulfill the agreements for diversion could then be prosecuted under the appropriate section.
(e) A knowing and intelligent waiver of the defendant’s right to a speedy trial for the period of his or her diversion.
(5) To fund the diversion program, the state attorney may collect a fee on each check that is collected through the state attorney’s office, whether it is collected through prosecution or through the diversion program. Funds collected under this subsection shall be deposited in the State Attorneys Revenue Trust Fund. However, the state attorney may not collect such a fee on any check collected through a diversion program which was in existence in another office prior to October 1, 1986. A fee may be collected by an office operating such a preexisting diversion program for the purpose of funding such program. The amount of the fee for each check shall not exceed:
(a) Twenty-five dollars, if the face value does not exceed $50.
(b) Thirty dollars, if the face value is more than $50 but does not exceed $300.
(c) Forty dollars, if the face value is more than $300.
History.s. 1, ch. 86-232; s. 6, ch. 91-211; s. 4, ch. 96-239; s. 1822, ch. 97-102; s. 30, ch. 2010-162.
832.09 Suspension of driver license after warrant or capias is issued in worthless check case.
(1) The court may order the suspension or revocation of the driver license of a person who is being prosecuted for passing a worthless check in violation of s. 832.05, who fails to appear before the court and against whom a warrant or capias for failure to appear is issued by the court if the person has previously been adjudicated guilty of a violation of s. 832.05.
(2) Within 5 working days after the court orders the suspension of a driver license pursuant to subsection (1), the clerk of the court in the county where the warrant or capias is issued shall notify the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles by the most efficient method available of the action of the court.
History.s. 1, ch. 98-223; s. 44, ch. 2014-216.
832.10 Alternative to bad check diversion program; fees for collection.
(1) Prior to presenting a complaint about a dishonored check to a state attorney, a payee on such bad check may place or assign the debt evidenced by the bad check for collection pursuant to this section by a private debt collector registered under part VI of chapter 559.
(2) Upon such placement or assignment, the payee shall be entitled to add a collection fee to offset the cost of collection. This collection fee is in addition to the bad check service charges authorized by law. The collection fee payable to the debt collector shall be a reasonable fee in accord with industry standards, based upon the total amount collected.
(3) Unless extended by the payee, the debt collector shall have 90 days from the date of placement or assignment of the debt for collection within which to collect the amount of the bad check, applicable bad debt charges, and the collector’s collection fee. Upon the expiration of such 90 day period and any extensions thereof, the payee then may present a complaint to the appropriate state attorney. The debt collector may continue to try to collect the debt, provided such collection effort does not impede the prosecution or other disposition of the case by the state attorney.
(4) The debt collector may not compromise the amount to be collected without the express consent of the payee of the check. The debt collector shall remit to the payee the amount collected less the collector’s fee percentage on the total amount collected.
(5) The use of such debt collector shall not affect the authority of the state attorney to prosecute any person for any violation of s. 832.04, s. 832.041, s. 832.05, or s. 832.06. The use of this section by a payee on a bad check shall not affect the rights of the payee, other than as set forth in this section, to present a complaint to the appropriate state attorney.
History.s. 2, ch. 98-223.